November / December 2011 Mushroom Log

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November / December 2011 Mushroom Log Powered By Docstoc
					Nov./Dec., 2011                                                               Volume 39 Issue 6




                                   Ohio Mushroom Society

                  The Mushroom Log
                                      person for TWC, working with          Andrea Moore gave an
                                      the Munks to organize our             excellent talk and slide show on
Report on The                         foray. Lynda gave an                  Fungi in Photographs.
                                      introductory talk about the           Amongst the many beautiful
Wilderness                            history of TWC, its founding and      shots which I noted down were
                                      funding support systems and           a tiny Mycena luteopalens,
Center Fall                           the different facilities and trails   tucked inside a segment of the
                                      available to us. Shortly after        shell of a hickory; Wynnea
Foray                                 9:30 Pauline Munk outlined the        sparasoides, an ascomycete
                                      day’s schedule; at a little after     Cauliflower mushroom look-a-
                                      10 am, we gathered into several       like; the small red segmented
By Dave Miller
                                      groups. I joined one group of 6       Rhodotus palmatus, a
                                      led by Lynda Price, who knew          Phycomyces with its blue-green
On Friday evening, Sept. 30,          the territory (I wanted to go         iridescent stalks growing on
about a dozen loyal,                  where there were some older           dung (of deer?); a good edible
enthusiastic members and              trees). We drove the short            cooking in a fry pan;
friends met at the Game Day           distance to the Pioneer Path          Chantarelle pancakes; false
Grill (Sports Bar) in Strasburg       trail, where there had been           morels; the tiny brown hair-like
for dinner, drinks, and               homes before TWC was                  slime mold, Stemonitis; and
conviviality, and of course,          founded. And plenty of very           Pleurotus dryinus. There was a
sharing our good fortune at the       mature trees. Finley Lahmers,         lot of energetic give-and-take,
rainy fall weather we were            an OMS and TWC member                 especially concerning names
having.                               from nearby Massillon and who         and identities, with Walt
                                      thus frequents the TWC, led a         Sturgeon and Joe Strong as
OMS members, The Wilderness           group of 5, around the short          major contributors. Andrea
Center (hereafter known as the        loop of the Wilderness Walk .         ended with a slide of a collage
TWC) members, and others              We returned to TWC just before        of various fungi, among which
convened at 9 am at the               noon, with heavy baskets of           were the Bradley (Lactarius
Interpretive Building of TWC.         fungi, spread them out on the         volemus) red chantarelle,
We registered in the Buckeye          tables in the Trillium Room, and      (Cantharellus cinnabarinus),
Auditorium for coffee, breakfast      Walt went to work ID’ing and          Black Trumpets (Cantharellus
goodies, and a chance to look         labeling the paper plates with        infundibuliformis), oysters
over some fungi several had           their names.                          (Pleurotus ostreatus), and sulfur
brought with them. It had been                                              shelf (Laetiporus sulfureus),a
raining lightly earlier so the        We all enjoyed a great potluck        colorful enough group to make
woods were damp, but not a            provided by our members and           your mouth water. She also
problem for us rugged types!          especially Sharon Greenberg,          related a heartbreaking tale of
The turnout included 35 OMS           with help by Judy Doyle, Cathy        finding virtually no morels one
members and 6 non-members.            Pepera, et. al. After eating, we      spring, until, at the tail end of
                                      had some free time to get             the season, she thought to look
Critical to the planning and          acquainted with the great             in her next-door neighbor’s lot,
logistics of this Foray, Lynda        facilities at TWC, including their    only to find some of the largest
Price acted as the liaison            gift shop and various displays.       morels she’d ever seen, but
2 The Mushroom Log
they were already well on their    for an excellent dinner with        Amanita muscaria var.
way to morel heaven! A head        convivial company.                  guessowii
count of Andrea’s audience         The next day, some 15 loyal         Amanita vaginata complex
came to 55; obviously, a lot       OMS members plus Lynda              Ampulloclitocybe clavipes
more people came in to see         Price of TWC, reconvened. A         Armillaria solidipes
what all the fuss was about and    small group took another foray      Camarophyllus pratensis
were treated to her talk.          (such was the plentitude of         (ARORA) = Hygrocybe
                                   fungi!). The others finished        Hygrophorus in (BESSETTE)
                                   organizing the specimens,           Chlorophyllum rachodes
                                   collected the paper plates with     Clitocybe gibba
                                   names on them, cleaned the          Clitocybe nuda / Lepista nuda
                                   tables off, and struggled to        Clitocybe odora
                                   finish off the left-overs from      Clitocybe robusta
                                   yesterday’s lunch. I saved          Clitocybe subconnexa
                                   some interesting specimens to       Coprinopsis atramentarius
                                   take back for my Oberlin            Coprinus comatus
                                   students to see, and Lynda          Coprinellus micaceus
Three Major Players at the         Price took notes and saved          Coprinellis sp.
TWC: Lynda Price with a            some fungi for her Docent           Cortinarius distans
Blewit, Walt Sturgeon with a       class. Pete and Pauline Munk        Crepidotus applanatus
Shaggy Parasol, and Andrea         entertained us by playing a CD      Crepidotus crocophyllus
Moore with a Fly Agaric            edited by Steve Roberts called      Cyptotrana asprata
                                   Mushroom World. Featured            Entoloma abortivum—both
Several other groups went out      were songs about the joys of        aborted and normal forms
on afternoon forays, while I       mushroom collecting. I took         Entoloma lividium AUDUBON
stayed in and helped out with      one back to Oberlin to play to      Entoloma violacea
the ID’ing as well as asking       my students and it was a big hit!   Gymnopus subnudus ROODY
Walt’s opinion of several          Pauline has three more copies       Hygrocybe conica
unusual (for me) finds I’d been    for sale at a greatly reduced       Humidicutis marginata var.
making back in Lorain Co. Later    price of $10!                       marginata
in the pm Walt gave a table                                            Hygrocybe miniata ARORA,
walk, noting some interesting      The group disbanded about 1         AUDUBON
finds. He informed me that the     pm or so. A very successful         Hymenopellis furfuracea =
perennial orphan, Xerula           foray both in terms of numbers      Xerula in BESSETTE
furfuracea, has yet another new    of specimens collected and the      Hypholoma lateritium
moniker, Hymenopellus              excellent facilities provided by    Inocybe calamistrata ROODY
furfuracea. Also Polyporus         TWC. We’ll be back, I’m sure!       Inocybe lilacina AUDUBON
badius (nee P. picipes) is now                                         Laccaria amethystina
Royoporus badius!                  Species List from                   Laccaria ochropurpurea
                                                                       Laccaria sp.
                                   The Wilderness                      Lactarius cinereus var.
                                   Center                              fagetorum
                                                                       Lactarius vinaceorufescens
                                                                       Lentinellus ursinus
                                   By Pauline Munk and                 Lepiota aspera
                                   Walt Sturgeon                       Lepiota clypeolaria
                                                                       Lepiota cortinarius
                                   Agarics                             Lepiota sp.
                                                                       Leptonia sp.
                                   Agaricus abruptibulbus              Leratiomyces squamosus
Walt at his Table Walk, this pix
                                   Agaricus placomyces                 var.thrausta
doesn’t do justice to the number
                                   Agrocybe pediades                   Lyophyllum sp.
of specimens we all found!
                                   Agrocybe erebia                     Marasmius rotula
                                   Amanita bisporigera                 Marasmius siccus
                                   Amanita brunnescens                 Marasmius strictipes
At about 6 pm we retired to
                                   Amanita citrina var. lavendula
Malcuit’s Tavern in Strasburg
3 The Mushroom Log
Mycena haematopus…bleeding     Scleroderma cepa                  forest burned approximately a
mycena                         S. citrina                        year and a half ago. Visibly
Mycena inclinata                                                 notable was the decreased
Mycena iodioleus               Polypores                         depth of leaf litter. We hoped
Mycena leaiana                 Daedalea quercina                 this might make the Hens
Mycena luteopallens            Daedaleopsis confragosa           (Grifola frondosa) more visible,
Mycena sp.                     Ganoderma applanatum              but it was not to be! The
Ossicalis lignatilis           Gloephyllum sepiarium             consolation was several nice
Pholiota alnicola              Grifola frondosa                  Beefsteak mushrooms
Pholiota aurivella             Ishnoderma resinosum              (Fistulina hepatica) which
Pholiota lenta                 Laetiporus sulfureus              everyone had an opportunity to
Pholiota squarrosoides         Phellinus gilvus                  try. Another interesting thing
Pleurotus ostreatus            Polyporus alveolaris              was that even though many of
Prunulus (Mycena) pura         Polyorus brumalis                 the large, older hardwood trees
Psathyrella delineata          P. mori                           appeared to survive the fire, the
Psathyrella echiniceps         Royoporus(Polyporus) badius       charred parts of the trunks were
Psathyrella sp.                Stereum complicatum               covered with Violet toothed
Pseudoclitocybe cyathiformis   S.ostrea                          polypore (Trichaptum biformis.)
Rhodocollybia maculata         Stereum sp,                       Over 60 specimens were
ARORA                          Trametes elegans                  observed or collected.
Rhodocybe mundula              T. hirsuta
Rickenella fibula              T. versicolor                     Martha Bishop and I compiled
Tricholomopsis rutilans        Postia caesia                     the following list. I will confess,
Tricholoma sejunctum           Tyromyces chionius                it is not 100% complete, as
Tricholoma subresplendens                                        there were a few things we
                               Teeth Fungi                       were unsure of!
Ascomycetes                    Climacodon septentrionale
                               Coral species                     2 Agaricus sp.
Aleuria aurantica              Hericium americanum               Amanita bisporigera
Bisporella citrina             H. erinaceus                      Amanita cokeri
Camarops petersii              Hydnellum sp.                     Armillaria caligata
Daldinia concentrica                                             Armillaria mellea
Hypomyces hyalinus             Slime Molds & Jellies             Armillaria tabescens
H. microspermus                                                  Bisporella citrina
Nectria cinnabarina            Lycogala epidendron=Wolf’s        Boletus innixus
Peziza sp.                     Milk Slime                        Boletus pulverulentus
Scorias spongiosa              Tremella mesenterica              3 Boletus sp.
Scutellina scutellata                                            Cantharellus cibarius
Xylaria polymorpha             Tar Hollow Mini Foray             Cantharellus miniatus
                               By Andrea Moore                   Clavulinopsis fusiformis
Boletes                        September 17, 2011                Clitocybe odora
                                                                 Clitocybe sp.
Boletus chrysenteron           Our small group of seven hikers   Coprinellus micaceus
Chalciporus piperatus          met at Young’s Market in          4 Cortinarius sp.
Gyrodon merulioides            Laurelville (Hocking County)      Entoloma abortivum
Gyroporus castaneus            and then drove approximately 8    Favolus alveolaris
Suillus americanus             miles to Tar Hollow State Park.   Fistulina hepatica
S. granulatus                  The weather was totally perfect   Hydnellum concrescens
Tylopilus felleus              for hiking, and the weather the   Hydnellum spongiosipes
                               previous week had included lots   Hygrocybe flavescens
Gasteromycetes                 of rain and temperature           Hygrocybe sp.
Calvatia craniformis           fluctuations.                     Laccaria laccata
Crucibulum laeve                                                 Laccaria ochropurpurea
Lycoperdon perlatum            We hiked the Logan Trail on the   2 Lactarius sp.
L. pyriforme                   side of the park where            Laetiporus sulphureus
Mutinus elegans                hundreds of acres of hardwood     Leccinum sp.
4 The Mushroom Log
Lenzites betulina                  He dispensed his wisdom as          Amanita citrina var. lavendula
Lycogala epidendrum                usual and I think you’ll be         Amanita muscaria var. glessonii
Lycoperdon perlatum                impressed by all the name           Armillaria ostoyae
Lycoperdon pyriforme               changes. Walt also gave his         Bisporella citrina
Macrolepiota procera               usual excellent table walk,         Camarophyllus pratensis
Marasmius siccus                   emphasizing the difference          Camarops petersii
Marasmius strictipes               between the edible Armillaria-      Clavaria rubicundula
Mycena epiterigera                 Honey Mushrooms and                 Clavaria sp.
Mycena galericulata                poisonous Galerina autumnalis       Clitocybe (Lepista) nuda
Mycena haematopus                  look-a-likes. A little later, we    Clitocybe clavipes
Mycena leaiana                     disbanded just after 1 pm.          Clitocybe robusta
Naematoloma fasciculare                                                Climacodon septentrionale
Noleanea murraii                   The following paragraph,            Coprinopsis atramentarius
Omphalotus olearius                based on part of Walt’s talk,       Coprinellus micaeus
Panellus stipticus                 was taken from an article           Cyathus striatus
Phlebia radiata                    written by Anoja and Derek          Daedaleopsis confragosa
Pleurotus ostreatus                Giles in the Oct.-Dec., 2011        Daldinia concentrica
Prunulus (Mycena) pura             issue of Mycelium, the              Entoloma abortivum
Pyncnoporus cinnabarinus           Newsletter of the Mycol. Soc. of    Entoloma sp.
Ramaria aurea                      Toronto, which does his             Gymnopus butyracea
Ramaria formosa                    narrative more justice than my      Helvella macropus
Ramaria sp.                        sketchy notes and memory ever       Hericium americanum
Ramaria stricta                    could.                              Hygrocybe cantharellus
Trametes elegans                                                       Hygrocybe marginata
Trametes versicolor                “Walt also spoke about an           Hypholoma lateritum
Trichaptum biforme                 interesting relationship of 2       Hypsizygus tessulatus
Tylopilus badius                   wasps with Cerrena unicolor.        Inocybe tahquamenonensis
Tyromyces caesius                  The mystique of this easily         Ischnoderma resinosum
Tyromyces chioneus                 overlooked ‘ho hum’ polypore is     Laccaria amethystina
Tremella mesenterica               its fascinating relationship with   Laccaria laccata
Xerula furfuracea                  two wasps; the Horntail wasp        Lactarius cinereus var.
Xylaria polymorpha                 and the Ichneumon wasp. A           fagetorum
                                   complex story but here is the       Lactarius chelidonium
                                   basic plot. The fungi spores        Leratiomyces thrausta
Hiram Mini-Foray on                infiltrate the ovipositor of the    =Psilocybe and Stropharia
October 8                          Horntail wood boring wasp.          Leucopholiota decorosa
                                   They in turn germinate when         Marasmius pyrrhocephalus
By Dave Miller                     the wasp eggs are laid. The         Mutinus elegans
                                   resulting mycelium becomes          Mycena haematopus
                                   food for the larvae of the          Mycena leaiana
A large group of members and       horntail wasp. The Ichneumon        Mycena luteopallens
non-members plus a Non-            wasp is parasitic on horntail       Mycena sp.
Vascular Plant Class from          larvae and thus becomes a           Panellus serotinus
Hiram College, met on a            predator controlling Horntail       Phallus ravenelli
beautiful sunny mild fall          wasp populations. The               Phlebia tremellosa
morning to explore the woods       mycological moral of the story is   Phellinus gilvus
around the J. H. Barrows Field     that pheromones emitted by          Pholiota alnicola
Station. Four groups set off in    Cerrena unicolor assist the         Pholiota aurivella
various directions to see what     Ichneumon wasp in locating the      Physarum polycephalum
the recent plentiful rains had     larvae usually deeply buried in     Pleurotus dryinus
brought forth. After a             beeches.”                           Polyporus badius
productive search of an hour                                           Polyporus leptocephalus
and a half’s duration, we                                              Polyporus radicatus
reconvened around the picnic       Hiram Species List
                                                                       Prunulus (Mycena) pura
tables to set out our finds and                                        Psathyrella sp.
turn to Walt once more to help     By Pauline Munk                     Ramariopsis kunzei
us identify what we’d collected.   Agrocybe erebia
5 The Mushroom Log
Russula sp.                       Last summer we spread a fresh       beautiful, beautiful bark--next
Sarcoscypha occidentalis          batch of beauty bark on our         year.
Scleroderma citrinum              garden. It came from a dump
Scutellinia scutellata            truck from a landscaping supply     Ed. Note: several years ago
Stereum complicatum               yard, which got it from a sawmill   Marie and I harvested a bounty
Stereum ostrea                    or barking operation, which got     of morels from some newly
Stropharia rugosa-annulata        it from a magical glade where       bark-mulched beds on the
Suillus americanus                morel spores drift around on the    Oberlin campus. Unfortunately
Suillus granulatus                breeze and nestle in the cracks     there was no repeat
Suillus grevillei                 of tree bark.                       performance the next year or
Trametes elegans                                                      any year thereafter.
Trametes versicolor               All I know is that, sometimes,
Tyromyces chioneus                the first year after you spread
Trichaptum biforme                                                    IS MUTATED FUNGUS
                                  beauty bark, morels pop up in
Xerula furfuracea                 places where morels wouldn't        KILLING AMERICAN
Xylaria polymorpha                normally pop up.                    BATS?

                                  When we first found them, the       By Andy Coghlan
THE LEGEND OF                     morning after a dousing rain,
GLORIOUS BEAUTY                   we remembered that we had           New Scientist, May 24, 2011
BARK MUSHROOMS                    split this truckload of beauty
                                  bark with our neighbors, Jack       A fungus blamed for killing
                                  and Claire.                         more than a million bats in the
By Jim Kershner
                                                                      US since 2006 has been found
                                  "We should go tell Jack and         to differ only slightly from an
The Spokesman-Review, May         Claire to look in their garden,"    apparently harmless European
21, 2011                          my wife, Carol, said. "I'll bet     version. The minor genetic
                                  they have some mushrooms,           differences could hold the key
We went morel mushroom            too."                               to preventing future deaths.
hunting three times this week.
Yeah, it's been grueling.         "Actually," I said. "Let's not be   Alternatively, European bats
                                  hasty. Let's think this through.    may have been exposed to the
Had to walk out the back door,    Before we mention anything to       virus longer and evolved
take a couple steps to the        them, why don't I just go over      resistance.
garden, load up with morels,      there and, you know, scout out
and walk all the way back into    the situation first?"               Jeffrey Foster at Northern
the house.                                                            Arizona University in Flagstaff,
                                  Carol glowered at me, arms          and colleagues, compared the
We can hardly believe our luck.   crossed. She asked me what          genomes of strains of
We've been having a bodacious     lame excuse I planned to spout      Geomyces destructans infecting
morel harvest right in our own    after they found me lurking in      US and European bats and
city yard.                        their back garden, a knife in one   found that the strain thought to
                                  hand and a basket in the other.     cause lethal "white nose
Dinner has been pretty easy                                           syndrome" (WNS) in the US is
around our house. A couple of     So, yes, we went ahead and          almost identical to one that is
days ago, we had morels           told Jack and Claire. Tums out,     harmless to bats in Europe.
sauteed in butter. Yesterday we   they were already on top of the
had morel-asparagus-cream         situation. Dinner at their house    "There were very few
sauce with rigatoni. Today? I     the night before had been morel     mutational differences between
don't know. A nice bowl of        pizza.                              the North American and
morel risotto sounds nice.                                            European samples, strongly
                                  Clearly, this had been one ultra-   suggesting they're related,"
And we owe it all to beauty       special batch of beauty bark.       says Foster. The team
bark.                             One thing's for sure, I'm buying    presented their preliminary
                                  another load of that bark--that     results last week at a
6 The Mushroom Log
conference in Little Rock,          By Susan Milius Science               a decade, the organisms (so
Arkansas.                           News, May 12,2011                     far) won't grow in labs. That in
                                                                          itself isn't astounding for fungi,
If it is the DNA differences        Images of little dots, some           which can be difficult to culture.
making the US version of the        wriggling a skinny tail, give
fungus virulent, then finding a     scientists a first glimpse of a       (Ed. Note: many parasitic fungi
treatment will be easier than if    vast swath of the oldest, and         are hard or impossible to grow
the reason for the transatlantic    perhaps oddest, fungal group          in pure culture. These have
difference is that European bats    alive today.                          been termed obligate parasites.
have evolved resistance, says                                             With increasingly sophisticated
Foster.                             The first views suggest that,         and complex mixtures of
                                    unlike any other fungi known,         nutrients being formulated,
The answer should come from         these might live as essentially       these are becoming amenable
Craig Willis at the University of   naked cells without the rigid cell    to pure culture. A prime
Winnipeg in Manitoba, Canada,       wall that supposedly defines a        example of this is the wheat
who is currently testing both       fungus, says Tom Richards of          rust fungus, which resisted
strains on little brown bats from   the Natural History Museum in         growing in pure culture until
the US to see if both versions      London and the University of          recently.)
cause WNS.                          Exeter in England. He calls
                                    these long-overlooked fungi           As the researchers examined
Irrespective of whether it is the   cryptomycota, or "hidden fungi."      DNA sequences from
nature of the fungus or evolved     Of the life stages seen so far, a     databases, the ancient group
resistance, researchers in          swimming form and one                 "just got bigger and bigger [in
Europe told the meeting that        attached to algal cells, there's      genetic diversity] until it was as
they are trying to find out why     no sign of the usual outer coat       big as all previously known
European bats are not getting       rich in a tough material called       fungi," Richards says.
sick. “We’ve been taking wing-      chitin, Richards and his
punch samples in the field for      colleagues reported online May        Lakes in France, farms in the
analysis to see it there are        11 in Nature.                         United States, and sediment
clues to survival in the                                                  deep in the sea have all yielded
genetics,” says Natalia             "People are going to be               DNA sequences in this group.
Martinkova of the Institute of      excited," predicts mycologist         The one habitat it doesn't seem
Vertebrate Biology in Brno, the     Tim James of the University of        to like is open ocean, Richards
Czech Republic.                     Michigan in Ann Arbor, who            says.
                                    also studies an ancient group of
Last week, the US Fish and          fungi.                                "The big message here is that
Wildlife Service launched a                                               most fungi and most fungal
national plan to provide state      Other research indicates the          diversity reside in fungi that
governments with guidance on        new group exists, but the             have neither been collected nor
how to manage and prevent           current study starts to reveal        cultivated," says John W. Taylor
outbreaks. “It provides a           the biology. "The question is, is     of the University of California,
framework for the coordination      there another stage in the life       Berkeley.
of all the organizations            cycle that does have cell
involved,” says FWS                 walls?" he says.                      Exeter team member Meredith
spokeswoman Ann Froschauer.                                               Jones spotted the hard-to-
She also revealed that the          By analyzing DNA pulled               detect organisms by marking
addition of Maine takes the         directly from the environment,        them with fluorescent tags. The
number of states affected by        Richards and his colleagues           trick revealed fungal cells
WNS to 19, plus four Canadian       have confirmed that the hidden        attached to algal cells as if
provinces.                          fungi belong on the same              parasitizing them. One of the
                                    ancient branch as a known             big questions about early fungi
OLDEST, ODDEST                      genus named Rozella. Although         is whether they might have
FUNGI FINALLY                       researchers have picked up            arisen from "some kind of
                                    DNA traces of fungi that didn't       parasitic ancestor like Rozella,"
PHOTOGRAPHED                        quite fit in any group for at least
7 The Mushroom Log
says Rytas Vilgalys of Duke            known as Daphnia magna, a           Buck believes that the chytrid
University.                            variety of aquatic flea from the    fungus, which was first
                                       genus Daphnia.                      identified in 1998, does not
Interesting, yes. But loosening                                            need to be completely
the definition of fungi to include     They say that these organisms       destroyed to prevent fatality in
organisms without chitin walls         “could provide a desperately        the amphibians. Rather, she
could wreak havoc in the               needed tool for biological          believes that experts can use
concept of that group, objects         control of the deadly fungus        biological control to simply
Robert Lucking of the Field            whose impact, one researcher        reduce the density of the agent
Museum in Chicago. "1 would            has called, “the most               in order to keep it from being
actually conclude, based on the        spectacular loss of vertebrate      fatal.
evidence, that these are not           biodiversity due to disease in
fungi," he says. Instead, they         recorded history.”                  The disease caused by the
might be near relatives-an                                                 fungus has been identified as
almost-fungus.                         The fungus in question,             chytridiomycosis, and according
                                       Batrachochytrium                    to the OSU press release, it
Ed. Note: there is a long-             dendrobatidis, is a “chytrid”       “has been documented to be
standing issue amongst                 fungus that can disrupt             destroying amphibians around
biologists as to just exactly what     electrolyte balance and lead to     the world” with some experts
a fungus is. That isn’t an issue       fatal cardiac arrest in its         believing that as many as one-
when considering all the fungi         amphibian hosts, officials from     third of the world’s amphibians
we normally encounter on               OSU said in a press release.        are currently threatened by the
forays, even including the small                                           condition.
group (Zygomycetes) which              “There was evidence that
includes black bread mold or           zooplankton would eat some          “Its impact has been severe and
the dung-inhabiting                    other types of fungi, so we         defied various attempts to
Phycomyces, which Andrea               wanted to find out if Daphnia       control it, even including use of
Moore shared with us in her            would consume the chytrid           fungicides on individual
slide presentation.                    fungus,” OSU doctoral student       amphibian,” the university
                                       Julia Buck, the study’s lead        added in their statement.
                                       author, said in a statement.
(Cont’d. on p. 8, Calendar of          “Our laboratory experiments         Ed. Note: There are other
Events.)                               and DNA analysis confirmed          symbiotic relationships between
                                       that it would eat the zoospore,     water molds and zooplankton.
These last 3 articles from the June,   the free-swimming stage of the      Best known is one in which the
2011 issue of Spore Prints, Bulletin   fungus.”                            tables are turned, so that one
of the Puget Sound Mycological
                                                                           species of water mold fungus
Society
                                       “We feel that biological control    parasitizes two different
                                       offers the best chance to control   animals, one a species of
Newly Discovered                       this fungal disease, and now we     Cyclops (a one-eyed zooplank-
Zooplankton Species                    have a good candidate for that,”    ton), the other mosquito larvae.
                                       she added. “Efforts to eradicate    This parasite has been hyped
Could Save                             this disease have been              as a possible biocontrol of
Amphibians                             unsuccessful, but so far no one     mosquito larvae, which may be
                                       has attempted biocontrol of the     a real boon in areas where
                                       chytrid fungus. That may be         malaria is a disease of epidemic
Oregon State University (OSU)
                                       the way to go.”                     proportions.
Researchers have discovered a
                                                                            29 August 2011. Redorbit.com
Breed of freshwater zooplank-
                                       Their findings were published in
ton that they say can help
                                       the August 25 edition of the        Articles for the next newsletter
combat a fungus that has been                                              Deadline –January 22
                                       journal Biodiversity and
devastating amphibian
                                       Conservation. The study was
populations around the world.
                                       supported in part by the            David Miller
                                       National Science Foundation         352 West College St.
According to the International                                             Oberlin, OH 44074
                                       (NSF).
Business Times, this particular                                            David.H.Miller@oberlin.edu
species of zooplankton is
8 The Mushroom Log

                                    Calendar of Events
                                      completely unrelated to the          But remember that the
OMS Events                            majority of fungi we collect and     mushroom IS composed of
                                      eat. DNA evidence                    thousands of compacted
Email Jerry at jsp@pepera.net
                                      resoundingly seconds this            hyphae; and also it is only a
to receive notification of
                                      conclusion.                          very ephemeral stage in any
impromptu events. Check your
                                                                           fungus’ life cycle; most of the
most recent issue of the
Mushroom Log for event                                                     year hyphae make up the
updates and for more detailed                                              mycelium, which is involved in
information. Please plan to join                                           digesting and absorbing the
us. All mini-and morel forays                                              organic matter it is feasting on;
are subject to cancellation. Call                                          and this mycelium persists
first to confirm. Please bring a                                           during the lengthy (as long as
whistle and compass and an                                                 several years or more)intervals
RSVP to the host is                                                        between mushroom fruitings.
mandatory so they have                                                     Also these hyphae have cell
cancellation flexibility.                                                  walls made up of chitin and
                                                                           other polymers.
                                                                           (4 )they make detachable
                                                                           reproductive structures called
(Ed. Note,cont’d from Page 7.)                                             spores; the whole purpose of
It arises when considering the                                             mushrooms is to create a perch
groups of “fungi” usually called      So if water molds and                from which the dispersal of
the “water molds”. They are so-       mushrooms don’t share a              these spores can take place.
named because their spores            common branch on the “tree of
(aka zoospores) come                  life”, how can they both be
equipped with one or 2 thread-        fungi? Aye, there’s the rub!
like extensions which whip                                                 Ohio & Regional
around in such a way as to            Because the longish list of
propel them through the water         characteristics which defines a
in which they dwell. The spores       fungus is NOT based on their
of the fungi we collect are           sharing a common ancestral
dispersed through the air on          line or origin. Rather it is based   National & More
wind currents. (Water molds           on the following features: (1)
are well worth considering,           they cannot make their own
because many of them are              food; (2) they have nuclei in        SOMA Camp Mushroom
virulent disease causers, e.g.,       which their DNA is stored;           Extravaganza.
the above-mentioned frog              (3)their body is mostly rather
                                      diffuse and indefinite, being        This year it will occur Jan. 14-
killers.)
                                      made up of branching tubular         16, 2012. For lmore information
                                      cells (called hyphae); you may       and registration forms, go to
Besides having these little tails
                                      well protest that there’s nothing    <http://www.somamushrooms.o
on their spores, the water molds                                           rg/camp/camp.html>
demonstrate other attributes          diffuse or indefinite about a
which make them likely to be          mushroom, and you’d be right!
9 The Mushroom Log

Name:(printed) ______________________________ Address: _____________________________

City: _________________________ State: _____ Zip: _________ Telephone: ____________________

Fax: _____________________________ Email Address: _____________________________________

Enclosed please find check or money order (check one):

____$15.00 annual family membership (newsletter via email and website only)
____$20.00 annual family membership (newsletter via paper, email, and website)
____$150.00 life family membership (newsletter via paper, email, and website)

My interests are: Mushroom Eating/Cookery ____ Photography ____ Nature Study ____ Mushroom
ID ____ Cultivation ____ Other (specify) ___________________________________________________

Would you like to be an OMS volunteer? In what way? ______________________________________

How did you hear about our group? ______________________________________________________

May OMS provide your name to other mushroom related businesses? Yes ____ No ____

LIABILITY RELEASE AND PROMISE NOT TO SUE:
I understand that participating in the activities of a mushroom club involves a moderate amount of risk. This
includes all of the risks of being away from home, risks associated with moving about in fields and woods, risks
of encountering inclement weather, risks involved in eating wild mushrooms, risks of losing personal property by
theft or misplacement, and all other expected and unexpected risks, including illness or injury. While a member
of the Ohio Mushroom Society; or as a non-member attending any event hosted by the Ohio Mushroom Society,
I agree to assume total responsibility for my own safety and well-being; and that of any minor children under my
care, and for the protection of my and their personal property. I release the Ohio Mushroom Society, its board
members, club members, contractors, and any and all entities such as parks
or preserves, or any private property owner who may host an Ohio Mushroom Society event, and all other
persons assisting in the planning and presentation of any Ohio Mushroom Society event, from liability for any
sickness, injury, or loss I or any minor children under my care may suffer during any event or as a result of
attending or participating. I further promise not to file a lawsuit or make a claim against any of the persons or
entities set forth above, even if they negligently cause me or my minor children injury or loss. I agree to hold the
Ohio Mushroom Society harmless from any liability they may incur as a result of any damages to any property I
may cause. This release and promise is part of the consideration I give in order to be a member of the Ohio
Mushroom Society, or to attend any event which they host or attend, whether a member or a non-member. I
understand this affects my legal rights. I intend it to apply not only to me but to anyone who may have the right
to make a claim on my behalf.

Signature: ______________________________________ Date: _______________________

Return form and check or money order to: Ohio Mushroom Society, c/o Jerry Pepera, 8915 Knotty Pine Lane,
Chardon, OH 44024
10 The Mushroom Log

2011 Ohio Mushroom Society Volunteers
Chairman                Newsletter Editor            Program Planners          Hospitality Chair

Walt Sturgeon           Dave Miller                  Walt Sturgeon             Sharon Greenberg
(330) 426-9833          (440) 774-8143               (330) 426-9833            (330) 457-2345
mycowalt@comcast.net    David.H.Miller@oberlin.edu   mycowalt@comcast.net      d.greenberg@worldnet.att.
                                                                               ne
Treasurer/Membership/   All-round Special Person     Pete & Pauline Munk
Circulation                                          (440) 236-9222            Janet Sweigart
                        Dick Grimm                   pjgmunk1@peoplepc.com     jksweigart@yahoo.com
Jerry Pepera            (740) 694-0782
jsp@pepera.net          dickiephyls@yahoo.com        Lake MetroParks Liaison
                                                                               New Board Members:
Jack-of-All-Trades      Cleveland Metroparks         Pat Morse
                        Liason                       (440) 256-2106            Shirley McClelland
Dick Doyle                                           pmorse@lakemetroparks.c   (740) 536-7448
(740) 587-0019          Debra Shankland              om                        shirleymcclelland@msn.co
rdoyle55@gmail.com      (440) 526-1012                                         m
                        dks@clevelandmetroparks.
Corresponding Sec’y     com                                                    Andrea Moore
                                                                               (740) 969-8049
                                                                               Chickenmom64@yahoo.co
                                                                               m

                                                                               Martha Bishop
                                                                               bishopm@ohio.edu
11 The Mushroom Log

                                      DATED MATERIAL
                       Address service requested. Return postage guaranteed.




           Ohio Mushroom Society
            The Mushroom Log

            Circulation and Membership
                   Jerry Pepera,
               8915 Knotty Pine Lane
                Chardon, OH 44024

                       Editor
                    Dave Miller
                 352 W. College St.
                 Oberlin, OH 44074

              www.ohiomushroom.org

 The Mushroom Log, the official newsletter of the
 Ohio Mushroom Society, is published bi-monthly
 throughout the year.

 Contributions of articles and ideas for columns are
 always welcome. Articles may be edited for length
 and content.

 Non-copyrighted articles may be reprinted without
 permission in other mushroom club publications,
 provided that The Mushroom Log is credited. We
 appreciate receiving a copy of the publication.

				
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