AP Lit Terms
AP English, Period 3
• Definition: the use of words to associate
two or more different senses to the same
• 1: The colors of the room seemed to ring.
• 2: The pie tasted like sunshine on his
• 3: He stepped out into the gripping cold.
• Definition: how an essay, paragraph,etc. is
chosen to be formed considering word
choice, assonance, or anything relating to
• 1: The cat jumped out of the tree.
• 2: The cat flew out of the tree.
• 3: What looked like a possessed stuffed
toy landed on my head.
Picture: right syntax
Picture: wrong syntax
• Definition: the overall message the writer
is trying to convey
• 1: Loss of Innocence
• 2: Revenge
• 3: Sacrifice
• Definition: a sentence or group of
sentences that presents the writer’s
opinion for what they are writing about
• 1: He justifies the bill, saying that it
benefits the country in both government
• 2: While his points may be vital, he fails to
make his argument very persuasive in his
sense of syntax and examples.
• 3: These two authors, while differentiating
in topic, both use syntax and hyperbole to
justify their position.
• Definition: the author’s choice of words
that show his or her attitude toward what
they are talking about
• 1: It was a dark and stormy night.
• 2: The sky, as bright as it was, seemed to
droop in its colors.
• 3: No rainclouds could be seen across the
bright, blue sky.