Writing the DBQ: Document-Based Question by gp4uG1n


									Slide 1

          Writing the DBQ:
Slide 2

          What is the Document-Based
     A     document-based question requires
          students to defend an assertion by
          using an analysis of historical
          documents and outside knowledge
          (previous knowledge) of a specific time
          period and topic.
Slide 3

                Solving a Mystery
     Writing a DBQ is similar
      to solving a mystery or a
     You need to use your
      previous knowledge
      along with the evidence
      (the documents) to help
      solve the mystery – the
      question that is being
     As is true with a mystery
      or crime, some evidence
      is better than other
Slide 4

                    Best Practices

         One of the best
          ways to prepare for
          the DBQ on the AP
          Exam is to have
          students practice
          using APPARTS on
          various primary
          sources throughout
          the year!
Slide 5

           Six Steps to Answering a
          Document-Based Question
    1.    Read the question, and    4. Make an assertion –
          make sure you                formulate a thesis,
          understand all parts of      ensuring that it directly
          the question.                answers the questions.
                                    5. Use the “Yes/But”
    2.    “Cluster” outside            Strategy to form the
          information (use a web)      defense of tour assertion
          to establish                 and to test your
          outside/previous             assertion.
          knowledge.                6. Write the essay. (Note: on
    3.    Read the documents,          the AP exam students
          and analyze each             have 60 minutes to work
                                       on the DBQ. Spend 15-20
          document with                minutes on the first five
          APPARTS as you read.         steps. Spend 40-45
                                       minutes writing the
Slide 6

              Step Five: Yes/But

    Here is where you will up your score by recognizing
     the other side of the assertion you made – and then
     destroying it in your writing.
    “Although slavery was morally and socially wrong,
     the thirteen colonies could not have been
     economically successful without the institution of
    You recognize that slavery is wrong, you do not
     hide this fact, but will convince the reader that the
     economic situation made it a “necessary evil.”
Slide 7

                         Basic Facts

         DBQ essays with no
          outside information or
          analysis will receive a
          score no higher than a
         Students need to stay
          within the time period of
          the question
         Students who effectively
          use Yes/But statements
          drive their scores up.
         Avoid quoting long
          passages – focus on
          analysis, not
Slide 8

          Basic Facts, cont.
                    Analyze and make
                     inferences, do not simply
                     repeat what the
                     document says
                    Always refer to the
                     document parenthetical
                     by the title of the
                     document, NOT by its
                    Students should use the
                     introductory paragraph to
                     define terms, provide
                     historical background,
                     define the time period,
                     and state points of
                     validation. Keep
                     introductory information
                     to a minimum.
Slide 9

                    Basic Facts, cont.

         Students should use
          specific names, terms
          and events
         Always make sure that
          you keep returning to the
          main topic/your thesis –
          do not wander!
         Lastly, use as many
          documents as you can,
          but you do not need to
          use every single one.
          Aim to use all but one or
Slide 10

           Ready, Set, Go!!

                     Now you have the
                      basic formula for
                      writing a successful
                     We will work on this
                      skill together all year
                      long -- HOW

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