Poetry Notes - PowerPoint by xV3WmZE


									      STANZA AND LINE
 A poem is divided down in two ways, lines and stanzas.

 A stanza is a g roup of lines in a poem, like a paragraph!

 A line is a single phrase in a poem.
Rhyme is when there are the same sounds at
 the end of words.

Rhyme scheme is the pattern established by
 the arrangement of rhymes in a stanza or
 poem. For example:
  Bid me to weep, and I will weep A
  While I have eyes to see; B
  And having none, and yet I will keep A
  A heart to weep for thee. B
 What is a limerick?
 - A five-line poem with
  one couplet and one
  - Follows the rhyme
  pattern a a b b a
  - Lines 1, 2, and 5 rhyme
  and each contain 3 beats
  - Lines 3 and 4 rhyme and
  each contain 2 beats
  - A limerick is meant to
  be funny!
  A limerick is a fun poem that has five lines. Lines one, two and five have three strong
  downbeats and the ends rhyme. Lines three and four have two strong downbeats and

                O’Toole                                         Anna Maria
There once was a boy named O’Toole                   Anna Maria from France

Who didn’t act smart when at school.                 Hated to sing and to dance

He tried to read books                               But she boogied one day

But got dirty looks,                                 What and awful display!

And he grew up to be quite a fool.                   When her neighbour set fire to her

                       TASK: Try write your own limerick.

The rhythm is the pattern of stressed and
 unstressed syllables in a line.
If the rhythm is repeated, it is said to have
 a beat.
For example:
“ Chang Mctang Mcquarter Cat
      Is one part this and another part that.”
                    WRITE A RAP
Read the rap to yourself. Use the rhythm.

Write-a-Rap Rap
Hey, everybody, let’s write a rap.
First there’s a rhythm you’ll need to clap.
Keep that rhythm and stay in time,
‘cause a rap needs rhythm and a good strong rhyme.

“But what’ll we write?” I hear you shout.
There ain’t no rules for what a rap’s about.
You can rap about a robber, you can rap about a king,
You can rap about a chewed up piece of string…
(well, you can rap about almost …… anything!)
                WRITE A RAP
•Make notes to help you write a rap about the a current world issue
(at least 8 lines long). For example: “Peace in the East” or “What’s
War For?”
•Think about: things that happened that are not fair (protest) or use
some of the ideas from the leaves off the ‘poet-tree’.
•Write a draft first:
•Practice reading your rap and clap/tap the rhythm.
•Change anything you need to.
•Read your rap to your table, using expression, timing, volume,
speed and rhythm.
Literal language is meaning exactly what you say; e.g. Go jump in the lake.

Figurative language is saying one thing and meaning another; e.g. ‘Go jump in a lake!’

1.   What would the meaning of these            2.   Read the sentences and decide if they
     sentences be if you took them                   should be taken literally (L) or
     literally:                                      figuratively (F):
a.   The test was a real killer!                a.   He was the apple of my eye.
b.   Are you chilling?                          b.   He was very nice.
c.   Please give me a break!                    c.   She had a mouth like a speedboat.
d.   That boy is two-faced!                     d.   He had a crush on her.
e.   My friend drives me up the wall!           e.   She was a very good student.
                                                f.   He had a bleeding heart for animals.
A simile is a
 comparison of two
 things using like or

For example:
  “The moon was as
   round as my Sunday
            SIMILE POEMS

       SHAPE OF A
 A head like a snake
 A neck like a drake
 A back like a beam
 A belly like a bream
 A foot like a cat
 A tail like a rat.
A metaphor is a comparison of two
 things NOT using like or as.

For example:
 “The ribbon of
 road runs through
 the farmlands.”
             COLOR POEMS
 Grey is the playground just before lunch time.
 Grey is the fog as it swirls around the houses.
 Grey is the color of the shells lying on the beach in winter.
 Grey is the rainy spray on an afternoon road.
 Grey is the soft coat on my mouse.
 Grey is grey,
 And most of all
 Grey is my tired mom’s hair.

In a concrete poem,
 the arrangement of
 the poems words on
 the page reflect the
 poems subject.
              CONCRETE POEMS
                               Alliteration repeats a
                               consonant over and
                              over; e.g. ‘Betty bought
                                some butter but the
                                 butter was bitter’.

The ‘Toothpaste’ and
‘Snail’ shape poems use
alliteration. Write a
shape poem from one of
these ideas using
alliteration: A rugby ball,
a snake, a flower, a
ghost, a star, a banana,
a pair of glasses, your
A 2-line stanza is called a couplet.
A 3-line stanza of any kind is called a tercet.
A 4-line stanza of any kind is called a
                     Cinq is French for five,
                       and a cinquain is a
                       poem that has five lines.

                     Specifically--one that has
                      successive lines of two, four, six,
                      eight, and two syllables.
Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose
 sound suggests their meaning.
            QUICK WRITE
 Pick three topics off of the poet-tree and write a
  couplet, tercet, and quatrain

 Use an example of Onomatopoeia in each poem!

                           The Sound of Happy

                           What is the sound of happy?
                           Is it hands clapping
                           Is it the thump of you heart in your chest?
                           Is it the zoom of the planes overhead

                           Is it the haha
                           the absence of boo-hoo-hoo
                           What is the sound of happy to you?
Imagery are words   I like hot days, hot days
 that appeal to a    Sweat is what you got days
                     Bugs buzzin from cousin to cousin
 readers senses.     Juices dripping
                     Running and ripping
                     Catch the one you love days

                     Birds peeping
                     Old men sleeping
                     Lazy days, daisies lay
                     Beaming and dreaming
                     Of hot days, hot days,
                     Sweat is what you got days.
                                        - Walter Dean Myers

                                 From Brown Angels: An Album of Pictures and Verse

Sensory details are
 words and phrases
 that help readers
 hear, smell, see,
 taste, and feel what
 a writer is
“You Sing” By Pablo Neruda (pg. 643)
Sound   Sight    Touch   Taste   Smell
 A diamante poem is a poem in the
  shape of a diamond. It does not have to
  use rhyme, but it does use specific type
  of words, like –ing and adjectives.
 It can be about one topic or opposite

              Rainy, cold
        Skiing, skating, sledding
      Mountains, wind, breeze, ocean
      Swimming, surfing, scuba diving
                Sunny, hot
 Write your own
Diamante! Choose
two related topics
 and compose a
 diamante poem.

Use specific sensory
details and imagery
 that describe the

 If you get stuck---
pick something off
 of the poet-tree.
Repetition is the use of a word, sound, or
 phrase more than once.
Writers use repetition to bring certain ideas,
 sounds, or feelings to a reader’s attention.
A symbol is a
 person, place, or
 object that stands
 for something other
 than itself.

For example:
 Religions use
 symbols (like the
 cross and Star of
 David) to symbolize
 their belief).
Made up words is when an author creates
 words that don’t exist to help create a mood
 or illustrate an idea in a poem.

Dr. Seuss is VERY famous for this!
 Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel)

 1 . What real word does the invented word “ thar s” replace in line 4?
 2. Reread lines 7 -10. Write the examples of alliteration.
 3. Reread and pause at line 22. In what way are the Star -bellied
  Sneetches snobs? Give examples.
 4. What is the stranger’s real motive? (lines 27 -37).
 5. What did the “peculiar machine” do ?
 6. Write all the words that rhyme in lines 38 -43.
 7. Write the examples of onomatopoeia from the poem (words that
  sound like their meaning).
 8. Why does McBean’s of fer sound like a good one to the Star -
  Bellied Sneetches? (lines 55-61)
 9. Why do you think the Sneetches changed their attitude? (lines
 10. What point is the poem saying about people and the way they
  treat one another?
Personification is when an author gives
 human characteristics to something
For example:
 “The tree waved its arms in the wind.”
 May
 by R.M. Alden
                                      Why do all the meadow brooks
   Why are bees and butterflies      Try to run away,
   Dancing in the sun?               As though someone were
   Violets and buttercups             chasing them?
   Blooming every one?               Bless me! This is May.
                                    
   Why does Mr. Bobolink             Please do tell me why the trees
   Seem so shockingly gay?           Have put new bonnets on?
   Why does … ah! I’d half forgot    Please do tell my why the
   This is really May.                crows
                                     Their picnics have begun?
   Why are all the water bugs       
   Donning roller skates?            Why does all the big world
   And the solemn ladybugs           Smell like a fresh bouquet
   Dozing on the gates ?             Picked from one of God’s flower
                                      Oh, I know! It’s May.

 Hyperbole is the exaggeration of thoughts or feelings
  to evoke a strong emotion or leave a strong

Some examples of use of hyperbole include:
 These books weigh a ton. (These books are heavy.)
 I could sleep for a year. (I could sleep for a long
 The path went on forever. (The path was very long.)
 I'm doing a million things right now. (I'm busy.)
 I could eat a horse. (I'm hungry.)
 I waited centuries for you. (I waited a long time for
                     IDENTIFYING HYPERBOLE

 A Pizza the Size of the Sun
 B y J a c k P r e l ut s k y

   I’m making a pizza the size of the sun,
   a p i z z a t h a t ’ s s u r e to w e i g h m o r e t h a n a to n ,
   a p i z z a to o m a s s i v e to p i c k u p a n d to s s ,
   a pizza resplendent with oceans of sauce.
   I ’ m to p p i n g my p i z z a w i t h m o u n t a i n s o f c h e e s e ,
   w i t h a c r e s o f p e p p e r s , p i m e n to s , a n d p e a s ,
   w i t h m u s h r o o ms , to m a to e s , a n d s a u s a g e g a l o r e ,
   w i t h ev e r y l a s t o l i v e t h ey h a d a t t h e s to r e .
   M y p i z z a i s s u r e to b e o n e o f a k i n d ,
   my p i z z a w i l l l e av e o t h e r p i z z a s b e h i n d ,
   my p i z z a w i l l b e a d e l e c t a b l e t r e a t
   t h a t a l l w h o l o v e p i z z a a r e w e l c o m e to e a t .
   T h e o v e n i s h o t , I b e l i ev e i t w i l l t a ke
   a ye a r a n d a h a l f f o r my p i z z a to b a ke .
   I h a r d l y c a n w a i t t i l l my p i z z a i s d o n e ,
   my w o n d e r f ul p i z z a t h e s i z e o f t h e s u n .
Haiku is a
 traditional form of
 Japanese poetry.
A Haiku has three
 lines and
 describes a single
 moment, feeling,
 or thing.
The syllables within
 the poem are:
 five, seven, and

 What is narrative poetry? Narrative Poetry is a poem
 that tells a series of events using poetic devices such as
 rhythm, rhyme, compact language, and attention to
 sound. In other words, a narrative poem tells a story,
 but it does it with poetic flair! Many of the same
 elements that are found in a short story are also found
 in a narrative poem. Here are some elements of
 narrative poetry that are important:
  o   character
  o   setting
  o   conflict
  o   plot
Poetry without
 regular patterns of
 rhythm and rhyme
 is called free verse.
Sometimes free
 verse can sound like
 a conversation.
a poem of fourteen lines that follows a
 strict rhyme scheme and specific
There are different types of sonnets,
 most containing 14 lines.

A ballad is a poem
 that tells a story
 that is meant to be
 sung or recited.
r recited.

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