STANZA AND LINE A poem is divided down in two ways, lines and stanzas. A stanza is a g roup of lines in a poem, like a paragraph! A line is a single phrase in a poem. RHYME Rhyme is when there are the same sounds at the end of words. Rhyme scheme is the pattern established by the arrangement of rhymes in a stanza or poem. For example: Bid me to weep, and I will weep A While I have eyes to see; B And having none, and yet I will keep A A heart to weep for thee. B LIMERICK POETRY What is a limerick? - A five-line poem with one couplet and one triplet - Follows the rhyme pattern a a b b a - Lines 1, 2, and 5 rhyme and each contain 3 beats - Lines 3 and 4 rhyme and each contain 2 beats - A limerick is meant to be funny! WRITE A LIMERICK A limerick is a fun poem that has five lines. Lines one, two and five have three strong downbeats and the ends rhyme. Lines three and four have two strong downbeats and rhyme. O’Toole Anna Maria There once was a boy named O’Toole Anna Maria from France Who didn’t act smart when at school. Hated to sing and to dance He tried to read books But she boogied one day But got dirty looks, What and awful display! And he grew up to be quite a fool. When her neighbour set fire to her pants. TASK: Try write your own limerick. RHYTHM The rhythm is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line. If the rhythm is repeated, it is said to have a beat. For example: “ Chang Mctang Mcquarter Cat Is one part this and another part that.” WRITE A RAP Read the rap to yourself. Use the rhythm. Write-a-Rap Rap Hey, everybody, let’s write a rap. First there’s a rhythm you’ll need to clap. Keep that rhythm and stay in time, ‘cause a rap needs rhythm and a good strong rhyme. “But what’ll we write?” I hear you shout. There ain’t no rules for what a rap’s about. You can rap about a robber, you can rap about a king, You can rap about a chewed up piece of string… (well, you can rap about almost …… anything!) WRITE A RAP TASK •Make notes to help you write a rap about the a current world issue (at least 8 lines long). For example: “Peace in the East” or “What’s War For?” •Think about: things that happened that are not fair (protest) or use some of the ideas from the leaves off the ‘poet-tree’. •Write a draft first: •Practice reading your rap and clap/tap the rhythm. •Change anything you need to. •Read your rap to your table, using expression, timing, volume, speed and rhythm. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE LITERAL LANGUAGE Literal language is meaning exactly what you say; e.g. Go jump in the lake. FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE Figurative language is saying one thing and meaning another; e.g. ‘Go jump in a lake!’ 1. What would the meaning of these 2. Read the sentences and decide if they sentences be if you took them should be taken literally (L) or literally: figuratively (F): a. The test was a real killer! a. He was the apple of my eye. b. Are you chilling? b. He was very nice. c. Please give me a break! c. She had a mouth like a speedboat. d. That boy is two-faced! d. He had a crush on her. e. My friend drives me up the wall! e. She was a very good student. f. He had a bleeding heart for animals. SIMILE A simile is a comparison of two things using like or as. For example: “The moon was as round as my Sunday hat.” SIMILE POEMS SHAPE OF A GREYHOUND A head like a snake A neck like a drake A back like a beam A belly like a bream A foot like a cat A tail like a rat. METAPHOR A metaphor is a comparison of two things NOT using like or as. For example: “The ribbon of road runs through the farmlands.” COLOR POEMS GREY Grey is the playground just before lunch time. Grey is the fog as it swirls around the houses. Grey is the color of the shells lying on the beach in winter. Grey is the rainy spray on an afternoon road. Grey is the soft coat on my mouse. Grey is grey, And most of all Grey is my tired mom’s hair. Alliteration CONCRETE POETRY In a concrete poem, the arrangement of the poems words on the page reflect the poems subject. CONCRETE POEMS Alliteration repeats a consonant over and over; e.g. ‘Betty bought some butter but the butter was bitter’. TASK: The ‘Toothpaste’ and ‘Snail’ shape poems use alliteration. Write a shape poem from one of these ideas using alliteration: A rugby ball, a snake, a flower, a ghost, a star, a banana, a pair of glasses, your choice. POETIC FORMS A 2-line stanza is called a couplet. A 3-line stanza of any kind is called a tercet. A 4-line stanza of any kind is called a quatrain. Cinq is French for five, and a cinquain is a poem that has five lines. Specifically--one that has successive lines of two, four, six, eight, and two syllables. ONOMATOPOEIA Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose sound suggests their meaning. Examples: QUICK WRITE Pick three topics off of the poet-tree and write a couplet, tercet, and quatrain Use an example of Onomatopoeia in each poem! The Sound of Happy What is the sound of happy? Is it hands clapping Is it the thump of you heart in your chest? Is it the zoom of the planes overhead Is it the haha the absence of boo-hoo-hoo What is the sound of happy to you? IMAGERY Summer Imagery are words I like hot days, hot days that appeal to a Sweat is what you got days Bugs buzzin from cousin to cousin readers senses. Juices dripping Running and ripping Catch the one you love days Birds peeping Old men sleeping Lazy days, daisies lay Beaming and dreaming Of hot days, hot days, Sweat is what you got days. - Walter Dean Myers From Brown Angels: An Album of Pictures and Verse SENSORY DETAILS Sensory details are words and phrases that help readers hear, smell, see, taste, and feel what a writer is describing. SENSORY DETAILS “You Sing” By Pablo Neruda (pg. 643) Sound Sight Touch Taste Smell DIAMANTE POETRY A diamante poem is a poem in the shape of a diamond. It does not have to use rhyme, but it does use specific type of words, like –ing and adjectives. It can be about one topic or opposite topics. Winter Rainy, cold Skiing, skating, sledding Mountains, wind, breeze, ocean Swimming, surfing, scuba diving Sunny, hot Summer Write your own Diamante! Choose two related topics and compose a diamante poem. Use specific sensory details and imagery that describe the topics. If you get stuck--- pick something off of the poet-tree. REPETITION Repetition is the use of a word, sound, or phrase more than once. Writers use repetition to bring certain ideas, sounds, or feelings to a reader’s attention. SYMBOLISM A symbol is a person, place, or object that stands for something other than itself. For example: Religions use symbols (like the cross and Star of David) to symbolize their belief). MADE-UP WORDS Made up words is when an author creates words that don’t exist to help create a mood or illustrate an idea in a poem. Dr. Seuss is VERY famous for this! THE SNEETCHES Dr. Seuss (Theodor Seuss Geisel) 1 . What real word does the invented word “ thar s” replace in line 4? 2. Reread lines 7 -10. Write the examples of alliteration. 3. Reread and pause at line 22. In what way are the Star -bellied Sneetches snobs? Give examples. 4. What is the stranger’s real motive? (lines 27 -37). 5. What did the “peculiar machine” do ? 6. Write all the words that rhyme in lines 38 -43. 7. Write the examples of onomatopoeia from the poem (words that sound like their meaning). 8. Why does McBean’s of fer sound like a good one to the Star - Bellied Sneetches? (lines 55-61) 9. Why do you think the Sneetches changed their attitude? (lines 93-98) 10. What point is the poem saying about people and the way they treat one another? PERSONIFICATION Personification is when an author gives human characteristics to something nonhuman. For example: “The tree waved its arms in the wind.” IDENTIFYING PERSONIFICATION May by R.M. Alden Why do all the meadow brooks Why are bees and butterflies Try to run away, Dancing in the sun? As though someone were Violets and buttercups chasing them? Blooming every one? Bless me! This is May. Why does Mr. Bobolink Please do tell me why the trees Seem so shockingly gay? Have put new bonnets on? Why does … ah! I’d half forgot Please do tell my why the This is really May. crows Their picnics have begun? Why are all the water bugs Donning roller skates? Why does all the big world And the solemn ladybugs Smell like a fresh bouquet Dozing on the gates ? Picked from one of God’s flower beds? Oh, I know! It’s May. HYPERBOLE Hyperbole is the exaggeration of thoughts or feelings to evoke a strong emotion or leave a strong impression. Some examples of use of hyperbole include: These books weigh a ton. (These books are heavy.) I could sleep for a year. (I could sleep for a long time.) The path went on forever. (The path was very long.) I'm doing a million things right now. (I'm busy.) I could eat a horse. (I'm hungry.) I waited centuries for you. (I waited a long time for you.) IDENTIFYING HYPERBOLE A Pizza the Size of the Sun B y J a c k P r e l ut s k y I’m making a pizza the size of the sun, a p i z z a t h a t ’ s s u r e to w e i g h m o r e t h a n a to n , a p i z z a to o m a s s i v e to p i c k u p a n d to s s , a pizza resplendent with oceans of sauce. I ’ m to p p i n g my p i z z a w i t h m o u n t a i n s o f c h e e s e , w i t h a c r e s o f p e p p e r s , p i m e n to s , a n d p e a s , w i t h m u s h r o o ms , to m a to e s , a n d s a u s a g e g a l o r e , w i t h ev e r y l a s t o l i v e t h ey h a d a t t h e s to r e . M y p i z z a i s s u r e to b e o n e o f a k i n d , my p i z z a w i l l l e av e o t h e r p i z z a s b e h i n d , my p i z z a w i l l b e a d e l e c t a b l e t r e a t t h a t a l l w h o l o v e p i z z a a r e w e l c o m e to e a t . T h e o v e n i s h o t , I b e l i ev e i t w i l l t a ke a ye a r a n d a h a l f f o r my p i z z a to b a ke . I h a r d l y c a n w a i t t i l l my p i z z a i s d o n e , my w o n d e r f ul p i z z a t h e s i z e o f t h e s u n . HAIKU POETRY Haiku is a traditional form of Japanese poetry. A Haiku has three lines and describes a single moment, feeling, or thing. The syllables within the poem are: five, seven, and five. NARRATIVE POETRY What is narrative poetry? Narrative Poetry is a poem that tells a series of events using poetic devices such as rhythm, rhyme, compact language, and attention to sound. In other words, a narrative poem tells a story, but it does it with poetic flair! Many of the same elements that are found in a short story are also found in a narrative poem. Here are some elements of narrative poetry that are important: o character o setting o conflict o plot FREE VERSE POETRY Poetry without regular patterns of rhythm and rhyme is called free verse. Sometimes free verse can sound like a conversation. SONNET POETRY a poem of fourteen lines that follows a strict rhyme scheme and specific structure There are different types of sonnets, most containing 14 lines. BALLAD POETRY A ballad is a poem that tells a story that is meant to be sung or recited. r recited.
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