Docstoc

THE STUDY ON THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF STANDARDIZATION

Document Sample
THE STUDY ON THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF STANDARDIZATION Powered By Docstoc
					     THE STUDY ON
THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF
   STANDARDIZATION

      BY AFNOR


                         1
THE STUDY ON THE ECONOMIC IMPACT OF STANDARDIZATION



•   AFNOR background
•   วัตถุประสงค์ (Objective)
•   วิธีการที่ใช้ในการศึกษา (Methodology)
•   ผลการศึกษา (Report)


                                                  2
        AFNOR background

• Private (non-profit), established in 1926
• Responsibilities
   standards development
   training services
   marketing & sales
   certification of products& management
  systems
    representative in CEN/ISO
                                              3
       AFNOR background

• 1,141 TCs/SCs
• 33,110 Standards published
• Voluntary 99% Mandatory 1%
 (ข้อมูลจากรายงานประจาปี   2008)


                                   4
                    วัตถุประสงค์

• ใช้ เป็ นข้ อมูลสำหรับ “standardization 2010” strategy
• เพือศึกษำผลกระทบของvoluntary standards ที่มต่อ
      ่                                             ี
  เศรษฐกิจ


                                                      5
                  วิธีกำร

• Macroeconomic approach :
 relationship between standards and long-
 term growth
• Survey : perceptions of companies
 regarding the impact of standardization


                                            6
    Macroeconomic approach
•   ผลิตภัณฑ์ มวลรวมในประเทศ (GDP)
•   จำนวนประชำกรแรงงำน (Working population)
•   ปัจจัยทุน (capital input)
•   จำนวนมำตรฐำนสะสม 1950-2007 (portfolio of standards)
•   อัตรำส่ วนค่ ำจ้ ำงแรงงำน (Proportion of wages)
•   จำนวนกำรขอจดสิ ทธิบัตร (Applications for patents)

                                                          7
                Survey


• The questionnaire was distributed to
  43,000 customers of AFNOR in June
  2008 (all sizes, sectors, involved/not
  involved in standardization process)

• 1,790 respondents (4%)

                                           8
1.790 respondents by size

                        Large
      VSEs          companies
       30%               23%




             SMEs 47%


                                9
1.790 respondents by sector

          Construction   Trade
                4%        8%




                                 Industry
     Services                      37%
       51%




                                            10
 1.790 respondents by level of
participation in standardization

     • Yes 52.6%
     • No 47.4%




                                   11
ผลกำรศึกษำ - Macroeconomic approach


มำตรฐำนมีผลต่ อเศรษฐกิจโดยรวมของประเทศ
    ่
เฉลียที่ 0.81% ต่ อปี (เกือบ 25% ของ GDP)



                                            12
              ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey

• เพิมกำไร (generation of profits)
     ่
• เอือประโยชน์ ต่อกำรดำเนินธุรกิจ (positive impact on
     ้
  activity)




                                                        13
            ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
 Benefits from participating in
 standardization process

• anticipate future market requirements
• capitalize on knowledge about activity
• participate in a network of the most influential
  operators

                                               14
           ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
 Benefits from participating in
 standardization process

• achieve recognition through an official system
• identify emerging themes
• promote new technological solutions
• develop markets

                                             15
        ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
 Voluntary standards & Company’s
  relationship with its environment
• improve the quality of supplier, products
  and services
• enable improved communication with other
  companies
• promote collaboration with other
  stakeholders
                                        16
          ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
Voluntary standards & Company’s
  relationship with its environment
• facilitate cooperation with public research
  institutions
• allow a wider choice of suppliers
• enable reduction in contract preparation
  costs

                                                17
           ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
  voluntary standards & Production process
• Higher maintenance costs
• Reduction in costs due to non quality
•    increase in purchase cost of intermediary
    products
•    optimize the use of raw materials and
    energy

                                           18
           ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
voluntary standards & Competitiveness
• Great advantage for development of
  international exchange
• contribute to enhancing status of the
  company
• increase capacity for export
• Enable gains in productivity

                                          19
         ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
voluntary standards & Market
• Provide benchmarks to differentiate
  products
• contribute to the fairness of competitive
  rules
• allow to increase market share


                                          20
        ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
voluntary standards & Innovation
• Enable improved dissemination of
  innovations
• contributes to making innovations
  accessible
• Can be an impediment to innovation
• Lag behind technological development

                                         21
           ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
    voluntary standards&Risk prevention
•    Contribute to optimizing compliance with
     regulations
•     allow greater control over security-related
     + environmental problems
•     lead to an improved determination of
     responsibilities

                                              22
             ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey
5 major lessons from the study
•   สร้างเสริ มคุณค่า (Company value enhancement)
•   เผยแพร่ นวัตกรรม (Innovation)
•   ความโปร่ งใส & จริ ยธรรม (Transparency and ethics)
•   พัฒนาศักยภาพการส่ งออก (International)
•   ประกันคุณภาพผลิตภัณฑ์และบริ การ (Product and
    service quality)
                                                         23
            ผลกำรศึกษำ - Survey

Disadvantages of voluntary standards
•  Costs in acquisition/implementation
• Costs in monitoring
• Difficult to understand/complexity
• Impediment to innovation
                                         24
Thank you




            25

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:7/6/2012
language:Thai
pages:25