Technical Services_ Economic Lens of Philippine Libraries

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					Technical Services: Economic
 Lens of Philippine Libraries
     Presented by Lourdes T. David at the seminar on
   “Superior Practices and World Widening Services of
     Philippine Libraries” sponsored by the Philippine
    Association of Academic and Research Librarians,
   Inc., on April 14-16, 2010 at the Function Hall of Dao
   Diamond Bed & Breakfast Hotel, Km. 3, Dao District,
             Tagbilaran City, Bohol, Philippines.
                Economic Lens
• Economic considerations has been an implicit
  and explicit part of acquisitions of library
  materials. Thus technical services are the
  economic lens of libraries. The Acquisition
  section has to be aware of
  –   Its budget
  –   The changing information environment
  –   The changing information seeking behavior of users
  –   The needs of the library as driven by faculty requests
  –   Suppliers with low cost offers or discounts
  –   Packages with low cost per title
  –   Others
            Public Libraries
• In the Philippines, public libraries have no
  materials acquisition budget.
• Role of public libraries
  – “Members can re-skill themselves, enhance
    their knowledge, gain new capabilities and
    even save money while borrowing (instead of
    buying) popular books, study materials,
    novels and DVDs.”—(eHow)
           Special Libraries
• Have budgets coming from the
  organization. Varies depending on the
• Role of the special library
  – Support the research and marketing functions
    of the organization to make them more
         Academic Libraries
• Have budgets from library fees. Must be
  used solely for the library
• Role of academic library
  – Support the teaching, research and outreach
    functions of the school college, or university
       Objective of the Paper
• To use the Rizal Library Experience in
  showing the process of change in its
  acquisitions that is driven by economic
  – Print vs. e-journals
  – Print vs. e-books
  – Sharing through Networking
  – Acquiring Free e materials
               Rizal Library
• An academic library whose acquisition of
  materials is user driven
  – “Within the next 5 years collection
    development as we now know it will cease to
    exist as selection of library materials will be
    entirely patron-driven. Ownership of materials
    will be limited to what is actively used. The
    only collection development activities
    involving librarians will be competition over
    special collections and archives.” - Taiga4
  The Collection Maintenance
   Cycle of the Rizal Library
Librarian         Faculty       Librarian    Librarian
provides          selects       processes    informs the
selection                       and          faculty and
tools to
                  materi        purchases    sends materials
faculty           als           materials    to readers

Librarian weeds        Librarian evaluates   Faculty/stude
collection and         collection and asks   nts use the
discards               faculty for help in
according to           weeding the
faculty plan           collection
• Nature of users—born digital and digital
  migrants—always connected
• Shift of information packages to digital
• Availability of technology in and off
• Availability of publications in both print and
  digital format.
     Economic Considerations
• To save money by dropping print in favor of e
• To acquire more titles by selecting packages
  that offer “low cost per title” arrangements
• To save on shelf space and binding costs.
• To save on personnel required for shelving.
• To save on acquisitions costs by identifying free
  e-resources on the Internet.
        Strategy for Serials
• Ensure access—perpetuity, off site and on
  site, IT infrastructure
• Market e formats
• List down all individual e journals and
  those with full text in databases
• Compare list with print subscription
• Send to faculty with costing and request
  for review/ dropping of print
      Strategy for Serials (2)
• Review feedback
• Meet with faculty if necessary
• Finalize decision on what to cancel
• Make a report and publish this on the
  Library Website
• Catalog all journals
• Make changes in the acquisitions policy
        Strategy for e-books
• Identify suppliers of e-books
        Strategy for e-books(2)
•   Ask for trial access
•   Involve faculty and students
•   Calculate cost per title in the package
•   Evaluate
•   Why ebooks? You get more titles for the
    same amount of money. Some allow
    multiple access and loans
  How else can you acquire more
   materials without additional
• Use free e- resources
• Network and share resources with other
  – ILL
  – DDS
Example of a free ebook resource
Example of a free ebook resource
Example of a free ebook resource
Example of a free journal resource
Example of a free journal resource
• The technical services can be used as the
  economic lens of Philippine Libraries even if the
  library has a huge budget.
• Ways of getting more for your money is through
  – Dropping of print serials with online access
  – Purchasing e-books since the cost per title is lower
  – Identifying and making free internet resources a part
    of your collection
  – Networking and sharing resources
• Ensure that only relevant items are acquired. Be
  user/patron driven.

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