"Forest Management on the Mississippi River"
Forest Management on the Mississippi River “Sound Resource Management Through Cooperation” Casey J. Kohrt Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Mission Statement To Sustain the Integrity of the Mississippi River Ecosystem “The Military Engineers Have Taken Upon Their Shoulders the Job of Making the Mississippi Over Again - A Job Transcended in Size by only the Original Job of Creating It. “ -Mark Twain, 1882 Mississippi River Project 9 Foot Navigation Project Within the District: 314 Miles in Length 225,000 Acres of Land and Water 2001 Miles of Shoreline 24 Counties 47 River Towns Administrative Authority Authorizes & Requires the Corps to do Resource Management ER 1130-2-540 Environmental Stewardship O&M Policies PL 79-732 Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1946 PL 85-624 The Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1954 PL 86-717 Conservation of Forest Land Act of 1960 PL 86-669 Protection of Rare and Endangered Species Act of 1966 PL 93-205 Endangered Species Act of 1973 PL 93-251 Water Resources Development Act of 1974 Rock Island District Col. Cox MVR Regulatory Division Steve Vanderhorn MVR-RD Engineering Division Gary Loss MVR-ED Contracting Division Janet Hall MVR-CT Planning Division Dudley Hansen MVR-PD Environmental Section Mike Cockrill MVR-PD-E Operations Division Jim Blanchar MVR-OD Construction Division Harlan Briggs MVR-CD Real Estate Division Patricia Dice MVR-RE Operations Division Jim Blanchar MVR-OD Mississippi River Project Technical Support Monte Hines George Hardison MVR-OD-M MVR-OD-T Maintenence Section Natural Resources Section Lock and Dam Section Weiss DeVos Jim Wilson Roger Bollman Bill Gretten Dredging Program Manager MVR-OD-MM MVR-OD-MN MVR-OD-MV Phil Cray Danet Dexter Jimmy Aidala Asst. Manager Park Assistant Channel Survey Forestry Program Shoreline Management Recreation Program Sue Clevenstine Outdoor Recreation Planner Gary Swenson Donna Hardy Leon Hodges Forester Lead Ranger Casey Kohrt Forest Technician Dubuque Rangers Rob Rubsam Thompson Rangers Coop Student Visitor Center Muscatine Rangers Quincy Rangers Forest Resources on the River 54,000 Acres of Fee Title Forestland 2nd Largest Corps Forested Resource in the Nation 44,000 Acres in Cooperative Agreement of Management with USFWS Longest Continually Managed Corps Forest Resource. Circa 1941 Historic Forestry Practices 1800’s: Steamboats and Agriculture Cleared for Fuel, Building, and Crops 1930’s: Acquisition by Government Clearingin Lower End of Pools Prior to Construction 1940’s: Agricultural Land Abandonment 20,000Acres Seeded to Silver Maple and Cottonwood 1940’s: W.W.II Supply Effort 1940’s - 1960’s: Selective Cutting 18 Inch Diameter Limit Resulted in Hygraded Forests Historic Forestry Practices 1963: USFWS Cooperative Agreement 44,000 Acres in Agreement All Management Except Forest Management Turned Over to FWS 1981 - Today: Decision Making through Partnership and Cooperation “Sound Resource Management through Cooperation” 16 Years of Innovative Forestry done in Partnership with 2 National Wildlife Refuges and the State DNR’s of IA, IL, MO, and WI Annual Coordination Meetings Work Plans Coordinated and Agreed upon with Cooperating Agencies A Recognized Leader in Upper Mississippi River Bottomland Forestry Cooperating to Maintain the Integrity of the Mississippi River Ecosystem Mississippi River Forest Silvicultural Characteristics Flood Tolerant Species AlteredHydrology Resulting in Higher Water Tables Mostly Silver Maple and Cottonwood Shade Intolerance of Species Present Little or no Regeneration under canopy Increasing Age Structure Majority of Forest is Mature/Overmature Elevation Importance One to Two Feet Can Make a Difference in Species that can Survive, particularly mast producing trees Forest Size Class Distribution 1-4.9" 5-11.9" 12-17.9" 18"+ Acres 1550 11397 Tree Class 18074 Size21797 Distribution Of Mississippi River Pools 11-22 25000 20000 15000 Acres 10000 5000 0 1-4.9" 5-11.9" 12-17.9" 18"+ Diam eter (Inches) Mississippi River Forest Composition in 1943 Percent of Tree Species (Based on Merchantable Timber that had been Cruised) Silver Maple 50% Cottonwood 15% Elm 15% Oak 10% Green Ash 3% River Birch 2% Other 5% (Other Includes Locust, Pecan, Hickory, Sycamore, Hackberry, Willow, Kentucky Coffee Tree, Walnut, Basswood) Mississippi River Forest Composition in the 1980’s-1990’s Percent of Forest Stands with Named Species as a Dominant or Codominant Component Silver Maple 87 Cottonwood 36 Green Ash 33 Black Willow 22 Hackberry 12 Elm 20 River Birch 10 Pin Oak 8 Sycamore 3 Pecan 2 Management Techniques Managed to Meet Wildlife Habitat Objectives of Cooperating Agencies Full Agreement with Cooperating Agencies Follow-up Monitoring on all Management Fiber Production and Revenue Secondary to the Needs of the Resource Harvest Techniques Even Aged Forest Management Small Patchcuts – Less than 15 Acres in Size Leave Existing Hard Mast Trees Leave Snag Trees for Roosting and Nesting Regeneration – Natural Regeneration – Planting of Some Sites – Annual Regeneration Surveys After 5 Years Area must have a minimum of 200 Stems/Acre and 75% of the Area Must be Covered with Adequate Regeneration or Remedial Action will be Taken Tree Planting Program Main Effort is to Re-establish Hard Mast Tree Component to the River Forest Ecosystem Many Agriculture Leases have been Planted to Trees Preferably Plant Larger Stock Trees to Ensure Survivability Annual Flooding Kills Smaller Seedling, and Seed Plantings Weed Competition Overtops all but Larger Stock Trees One Can Plant Fewer per Acre and have the Cost be Comparable to Seed and Seedling Plantings One Can Plant Trees and “Walk Away” with Minimal or no Follow-up Maintenence Avian Surveys Monitor Patchcut Areas to Determine Response of Avian Populations to Management Techniques 3 Locations Riverwide with 23 Sites Point Count Method Started in 1983 Particularly Concerned with Neotropical Migrant Response Nesting Neotropical Migrant Response Huron Island Avian Survey Results: Number of Nesting Neotropical Migrant Species per Year by Site 40 35 1983 1984 30 1985 25 1986 Frequency 1987 20 1988 1989 15 1990 1991 10 1992 1993 5 1994 1995 0 1996 Site1 Site2 Site3 Site4 Site5 Site6 Site7 Site8 Site9 Site10 Site11 cntr1 cntr2 Site Prothonotary Warbler Response at Huron Island Avian Survey Locations Over 14 Years Huron Island Prothonotary Warbler Response 20 20 # 20 18 18 18 18 o f 16 16 I 14 13 n d 12 11 11 11 i v 10 9 i 8 8 d 6 u 6 a l 4 s 2 0 0 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 Year Red Shouldered Hawk Monitoring Program Red-Shouldered Hawk (Buteo Lineatus) is a State Listed Endangered Species in Illinois, Iowa, and Threatened in Wisconsin The Corps Forestry Program Annually Funds Red-Shouldered Hawk Monitoring on the Mississippi River The Forestry Team Consults with Hawk Experts to Determine and Carry Out Management Plans in Areas Where Red Shouldered Hawks are Present Geographic Information Systems An Organized Collection of Computer Hardware, Software, Geographic Data, and Personnel Designed to efficiently Capture, Store, Update, Manipulate, Analyze, and Display all Forms of Geographically Referenced Information Simply put... A Computer System Capable of Holding and Using Data Describing Places on the Earth’s Surface Full GIS Capabilities 20 Years worth of Forest Inventory Data Usable in a GIS Over 130,000 pieces of information collected Digitizing Capability Arc/Info and ArcView Software Work Station and PC Capabilities Databases Available (Now or in the Future) Forest Inventory Avian Monitoring Points Red Shouldered Hawk Territories and Nest Sites Tree Planting Sites Forest Cut Areas Permanent Photo Points Regeneration Survey Sites Using GIS to Assess Effects and Opportunities Following the Great Flood of 1993 Event of Major Ecological Significance Shifting Successional Patterns New Perspectives on Species Flood Tolerance Attempt to use Observations from the Flood to Restore Resources Lost Integrating GIS in the Field Hard Mast Tree Planting Sites Based on Indicator Species 1993 Flood Assessment Planted Sites to Hard Mast Containerized Trees in 1996 Future GIS Plans Clean Forest Inventory Data and Write Metadata and Submit to EMTC for Basin Wide Use Coordinate Next Forest Inventory with other Districts and EMTC in Upper Mississippi River for Basin Wide Approach Digitize Other Databases Continue Using GIS to Assess and Carry Out Potential Management When We’re all Passed over, the Rhythm of the River, it will Remain -JayFarrar ‘96 How to Contact Us Casey Kohrt Forest Technician email@example.com 309-794-4537 Gary Swenson Forester firstname.lastname@example.org 309-794-4489 email@example.com www.mvr.usace.army.mil/forestry/forestry.htm www.mvr.usace.army.mil/navdata/rec.htm www.mvr.usace.army.mil/navdata/nic.htm