LECTURE GUIDE for Unit 2 Speech: Nonverbal and Informative (Covers

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LECTURE GUIDE for Unit 2 Speech: Nonverbal and Informative (Covers Powered By Docstoc
					  LECTURE GUIDE for Unit 2 Speech: Nonverbal and Informative (Covers Chapters 3, 4, 8, 9, 13 and
                                     research methods)
Slide 2 Ch 3: Listening Sec 1
     Passive

   vs Active

      4 Ways to Listen
          – Appreciative:

          – Discriminative:

          – Emphatic:

          – Critical:

Slide 3 Ch 3 Listening Sec 2
    • Roadblocks to Good listening
          –
          –
          –
          –
          –
          –
          –

   •   Filters that distort
           – Filters are based on background and personalities, and can distort communication
                    • Refrain from judging
                    • Focus attention on message
                    • Search for areas you agree
                    • Keep an open mind
                    • Be patient
                    • Pay attention to body language
                    • Hold your temper when disagree
                    • Try to put yourself in speaker’s position
           – Types of Filters (list what I say here)


Slide 4 Ch 3 Sec 3 Effective Listening Strategies
    •
   •
   •
   •
   •
   •
Slide 5 Ch 4 Nonverbal communication Sec 1 Body Basics
    • Body Language: the way we use our bodies to send messages.
          – Learning to read body language
                 • Positive


                  •   Negative


          – Using body language effectively

Slide 6 Ch 4 Sec 2 Interpreting Nonverbal Messages
    • Facial Expressions


   •   Tone of Voice: pitch, pauses, rhythm, rate
   •   How to tell when someone is lying
          –
          –
          –
          –
Slide 7 Ch 4 Sec 3 Multicultural Messages
    • Gestures around the world
          – Handshakes
          – Kisses
          – Bows
   •   Touching Customs: touching is a language of physical intimacy
          – Intimate
          – Personal
          – Social
          – Public
          – Personal Space?
Slide 8 Ch 8 Research Sec 1 & 2: Sources for Info at North
    • Badgerlink: EBSCO host
          – Go to www.badgerlink.org
          – Go to EBSCO (service list)
          – Go to research databases
          – Click on the ones you’d like to search (Academic Search Premier is good)
          – Type your search words. Before you hit search, click on “search options”. Click on “Limit your
              results: full text”
          – You also can get Student Research Center and Proquest here.
    • Worldbook online: http://www.worldbookonline.com
          – ID is oshkosh and password is online
          – Click on “worldbook student”
          – Type in whatever you’d like to search for
Slide 9 Sources for Info at North
    • SIRS Research: http://sks.sirs.com
           – (if from home, username is WI0659; password is 54901)
           – Type your search words in the box and click search
           – Look through the article summaries given. If there’s one you like, click on the title.
    • Wilson Web database: http://www.hwwilson.com
           – Select “Login to Wilson Web” button. Username is oshkosh; password: spartans
           – Type in your search words and click on which databases you’d like.
           – Look through articles and click on full text if you’d like to read them
Slide 10 Criteria for Evaluating Web Pages
    • Accuracy
           –
           –
   •   Authority
          –
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           –
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   •   Objectivity
          –
           –
           –
           –
   •   Currentness
          –
           –
           –
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   •   Coverage
          –
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   •   Put it together




Slide 11 Ch 8 Sec 3 Using what you’ve found
    • Taking Notes
          – Use notecards

   •   Quoting Material
          – Don’t plagiarize
   •    Putting your research together
            – Incorporating real life   --poring over periodicals
            – Surfing the net           --checking out columnists
            – Reading books             --interviewing sources
            – Finding reviews           --creating structure
            – Following the rule of 3
Slide 12 Ch 9 Organizing Your Speech: You will be doing these 3 sections in your notebook and attaching
to this packet

Slide 13 Ch 13 Speaking to Inform Sec 1 Speeches that instruct, inform and clarify
    • Types of Informative Speeches
          – Public Lecture

             – Status Report

             – Briefing

             – Fireside Chat

             – Chalk Talk

Slide 14 Ch 13 Sec 1 Continued. The 6 Cs of Informative Speaking
1. Be Clear

2. Be Concise

3. Be Complete

4. Be Correct

5. Be Concrete

6. Connect

Slide 15 Ch 13, Sec 2 Turning a Subject into a Speech
    • Find a Subject
          – Personal Experience
          – Observations
          – Surveys
    • Narrow Your Subject
          – In time

             – In space

             – In extent

             – Divide and Conquer

   •   State and Support your Thesis
           – Have a statement of purpose
          – Support with
               •
                     •
                     •
                     •
                     •

Slide 16 Ch 13 Sec 3 Visual Aids
    • Two-Dimensional Visual Aids
          –
          – Graphic Representations:

                     •   Headline—
                     •   Body—
                     •   Credits—
                     •   Explainer—
                     •   Source—
          –
          – Handouts—

   •   Projections
          –
          –
          –
   •   Three Dimensional Visual Aids
          –
          –

   •   Sound Recordings

Slide 17 Guidelines for Using Visual Aids
    •
   •
   •
   •
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Slide 18 MLA Notes
    • In-speech Citations:



   •   MLA outline:



   •   Helpful Sites
          – Knight Cite: http://www.calvin.edu/library/knightcite/
          – Purdue OWL: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/
Slide 19 MLA notes continued
    • Works Cited Page
          –
          –
          –
          –
          –

Slide 20 Example Works Cited Page


                                                                             Pants 1
        Smarty Pants

        Mrs. Marquardt

        English 2 Hour 5

        22 November 2005

                                               Works Cited

        Office of the Dean of Students. Resources for Success: Learning Disabilities and Attention
        Deficit

                   Disorders. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University, 2000.

        Purdue, Pete. Personal Interview. 1 Dec. 2000.

        Reed, William. "Whites and the Entertainment Industry." Tennessee Tribune 25 Dec. 1996:
        28. Ethnic

                   NewsWatch. CD-ROM. Data Technologies. Feb. 1997.

        The Usual Suspects. Dir. Bryan Singer. Perf. Kevin Spacey, Gabriel Byrne, Chazz
        Palminteri, Stephen

                 Baldwin, and Benecio del Toro. Polygram, 1995.
              Additional Information for your Informative Speech
                         Using Paraphrases, Summaries, and Direct Quotations
Plagiarism: The unacceptable and illegal use of someone else’s words, ideas, facts, or opinions without proper
documentation.

There are three different ways you can cite information from your sources so as to avoid committing the crime
of plagiarism:
As a direct quotation:
     When you quote, you may not add any words of your own or change any words of the original.
     You should be selective when choosing your quotations. Limit the number of direct quotes that you use
        in your speech to a maximum average of one per minute.
     You must introduce your quote…don’t just plop it in there.
As a paraphrase
     Your paraphrase will be almost the same length as the original text.
     You must not add any ideas of your own or exclude any part of the original idea.
     Remain close to the language and the thinking of your source, but you must completely reword the
        material so that you are using your own words.
     You still need to introduce the source in your speech…you have to give credit to the author!
As a summary
     A summary will be shorter in length than the original text
     Include only the main ideas of the text.
     Do not leave out any main ideas that would change what the author was trying to say.
     Do not add any thoughts of your won.
     Put it in your own words
     You must introduce the source in your speech, giving credit to the author.

Citing Sources within a speech

You need to write your sources within your outline just as you would say them within your speech. Note the
following citation samples for both your works cited and your speech. For more information for bibliographical
citations in proper MLA format, go to either Purdue OWL or Knight Cite.

If you include a magazine article in your works cited:

       Author(s). “Title of Article.” Title of source. Day Month Year: pages.

       Henly, James. “TV Makes a Too-Close Call.” Time. 20 November 2000: 70-71.

You might cite it within your speech as:

“A media scholar, James Henly, notes in a November 20, 2000 issue of Time that…”
      ***after you have cited this source once in full, you can later cite the source in an abbreviated manner
      such as: “Henly also notes that…”

If you include a website in your works cited:

       Author(s). Name of Page. Date of Posting/Revision. Name of institution/organization affiliated with the

            site. Date of access <Electronic address>.
       Fulluga, Dino. Undergraduate Guide to Literacy Theory. 17 Dec. 1999. Purdue University. 15 Nov.

             2000 http://omni.cc.purude.edu.

You might cite it within your speech as:

“According to Dino Fulluga’s December 17, 1999 article entitled “Undergraduated Guide to Literacy” posted
on the Purdue University website…”

If you include a book in your works cited:

        Author(s). Title of Book. City of Publication: Publication Company, Copyright year.


         Marquardt, Sara. On the Trail. Ventura, CA: Virtual Publishing Group, 2002.

You might cite it within your speech as:

“According to Sara Marquardt’s novel On the Trail…

If you include an electronic article found in a database like Badgerlink, Newsbank or Sirs in your works
cited:

       Author(s). “Title of article or document.” Title of journal, newsletter, conference document or file

             volume number. Issue number/or other identifying number (year or date of publication): number of

              pages or paragraphs if given. Database. Date of access <Electronic address for the homepage of

              that service>.

       Davis, Jerome. “Massacre in Kiev.” Washington Post 29 Nov. 1999, final ed.: C12. ProQuest. 30 Nov.

              1999. <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb>.

You might cite it within your speech as:

“In the Nov. 29, 1999 edition of the Washington Post, journalist Jerome Davis writes in his article “Massacre in
Kiev” that…”

Other Tips:
    It is more effective to cite the source prior to making the claim.
    Never cite a webpage address.
    Never give credit to Ebscohost. Cite instead which database you searched: Proquest, Academic SErch
      Elite, SIRS, Newsbank, etc…
    Try to vary the way you introduce citations. Don’t continually say, “According to…” Below is a list of
      verbs that may help you to vary your citations.
          o Acknowledges, agrees, claims, asserts, comments, declares, disputes, emphasizes, endorses,
              insists, observes, points out, confirms, suggests, illustrates, compares, contends, argues, reasons,
              thinks, writes, implies, offers
      Also, avoid using a source cited within another source. You should make every attempt to get the
       original source. If you CANNOT get the original source but really need to use the information, do this:
               “Henly cited Falluga’s 200s study, which found that…”

Additional Works Cited Tips:

   1. After first line of entry, you indent subsequent lines 5 spaces.
   2. All entries are alphabetized by the first word of the citation (this is usually the author’s last name. If a
      source does not have an author, you alphabetize by whatever comes next in the citation.
   3. The lines are ALL double spaced.
   4. Articles, titles, poems, essays and other shorter texts are in quotation marks.
   5. Books, magazine titles, database names, and other larger texts are underlined.
   6. To get rid of colored ink and underlining for web addresses, right click after typing the address and click
      on “remove hyperlink.”
   7. Don’t forget your MLA heading on the left hand side and your page numbering with last name on the
      right.
   8. Title is Works Cited         It should be centered, NOT bold, NOT underlined, NOT in quotes, NOT in all
      caps.

                                         Making Source and Note Cards
You must have a source card for each source you have. You are going to need THREE sources for this speech
and one MUST be a print source. You will need a total of FOUR source cards. You also must have a note card
for every piece of information you find useful. You will need a total of TWENTY note cards and you must use
a minimum of TEN in your speech (meaning you must have cited material from your sources at least ten times
in your speech)
Making Source Cards
A source card will have the following: In the upper right corner: A source number (you will number your
sources 1, 2, 3, etc…that way when you do note cards, you can just put the source number on them so you don’t
have to rewrite the citation every time) The full works cited citation in the middle of the card, using hanging
indent and correct punctuation.
Example:
                                                           3

                    Mythman Explains it All. 23 Feb. 2004

                            <www.mythman.com.>


Making Note Cards
You will have a minimum of 20 note cards for your speech. Each note card will have one piece of information
on it. In the upper left hand corner of the note card, you will have a slug, which is a one word description of
what is on the card. In the upper right corner of the card you will put the source number (1,2,3, etc…whichever
source you got it from put the source card number here). In the middle you will put whatever the fact, story,
definition, information you got. If you are using it as a direct quote, quotation marks are needed. In the bottom
right hand corner you will put the page number you got it from (if from a print source). In the lower left hand
corner, you will put the number of the note card (you will number them 1, 2, 3, 4, etc…)
Example:
                            Symptoms                                     2

                          “Twenty-three percent of all people who suffer from
                          anorexia experience hair loss, tooth decay, and
                          damage to their throat.”
                          18                                       p 206
                                        Guidelines for Selecting Sources
Please keep all of your sources until you have received your graded research paper at the end of this project.t
Plagiarism and source falsification are both serious offenses and you must be able to show me exactly where
you found your information upon request.

         You will be required to FIND a minimum of 4 sources to complete this project.
         You will be required to USE a minimum of 3 sources to complete your speech
         Of the minimum 3 sources, used in your speech, one must be a print source.
         EBSCO or SIRS is not considered an Internet source.
         You will be required to FIND a minimum of 20 pieces of information for your note cards.
         You will be required to USE a minimum of 10 pieces of information from your note cards.

                                                Internet Research:
The internet can be a useful tool for finding research for your paper. However, it can also be overwhelming and
you may not know where to start. Here are some recommended ways you can use the internet to find credible
sources. REMEMBER TO WRITE DOWN ALL INFORMATION YOU NEED FOR THE WORKS CITED
PAGE. NOT ALL NECESSARY INFO PRINTS WITH THE ARTICLE.

         Use Badgerlink: (www.badgerlink.net)---EbscoHost, Student Research Center, Proquest
         Use SIRS (http://sks.sirs.com)
         Use Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com)...much stronger sources and much more credible.
         Regular Internet: If you choose to search the internet on your own, only use sites whose addresses end
          with .edu, .gov, .net, or.org. If you have a source that is .com, it MUST have a merited author and
          organization affiliated with the site.

                                 Outlining Guidelines for Informative Speeches:

   I.        Introduction
             A. Attention device (shock, suspense, anecdote…)
             B. Thesis Statement
             C. Preview Main Points (probably 3, no more than 4…remember time limit)

   II.       Main Point # 1
             A. Support with facts, stories, quotes, defining terms, or descriptions
             B. Support with facts, stories, quotes, defining terms, or descriptions

   III.      Main Point # 2
             A. Support with facts, stories, quotes, defining terms, or descriptions
             B. Support with facts, stories, quotes, defining terms, or descriptions

   IV.       Main Point # 3
             A. Support with facts, stories, quotes, defining terms, or descriptions
             B. Support with facts, stories, quotes, defining terms, or descriptions

   V.        Conclusion
             A. Restate thesis in different words
             B. Summary of main points
             C. Concluding, leave lasting impression

Outline Rules:
                          Only one thought per entry in outline.
                        All entries should be in complete sentences.
                        You should put exactly how you are going to cite your source before the information
                         from the source in your outline. For example: “ B. According to Dr. Reynolds’ article
                         in the May 12, 1999 issue of Newsweek, the swelling of the California prisons is
                         causing a rash of criminals to go free. “
                        If you have an A, you must have a B.
                        Use a variety of evidence (meaning not all stories or all facts or all quotes or all
                         descriptions, etc.)

                                         Using Visual Aids Effectively

General Advice:
    Limit the number of visual aids to three or fewer
    Keep the visual aid out of sight until you refer to it
    Remove the visual aid from view when you are done with the explanation
    Continue to face the audience when using the visual aid

Posters:
    Use heavyweight poster board in a light color or create contrast.
    Use dark colors for drawings and letterings.
    Make all letters at least one inch high and use a thick marker or t ype it on a large font and paste it on.
    Don’t roll up a poster. Bring it to school flat and store it in the classroom until it’s needed.
    Don’t label everything if you use a picture; only major parts should be labeled.

Other Visual Aids:
    Use only large pictures and objects. Do not have the audience pass items around.
    Check overhead projectors and VCRs/DVD players beforehand for working condition and so you know
      how to operate them.
    Give out handouts at an appropriate time; make sure they won’t distract the audience from the important
      points of your message.

Practice
    Practice your speech aloud several times, including the use of your visual aid. The more you practice,
       the less nervous you will be.
    You are being scored, not only on the organization of your speech, but also on items such as volume,
       eye contact, gestures, and your enthusiasm or attitude towards your topic.
    You need to “look alive” and appear interested, if not excited, about your topic, or you will quickly lose
       your audience’s interest. If you don’t appear to care about your presentation, why should we?

				
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