SHIP DOCUMENTS by 2G5kbw

VIEWS: 7 PAGES: 20

									SHIP DOCUMENTS



     Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
          Modul 2_2
1. Certificate of registry
(Gemi tasdiknamesi )
   Geminin kimliğinin açıklanması
    ve özellikle bayrak çekme
    hakkının kanıtlanmasını
    yarayan gemi tasdiknamesinin
    henüz alınmadığı hallerde
    bayrak şahadetnamesinin
    gemide bulundurulması
    zorunludur.

                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
2. Certificate of fitness
   A certificate issued by or on behalf of the flat
    administration confirming that the structure ,
    equipment , fittings , arrangements and
    materials used in the construction of a gas
    carrier are in compliance with the relevant
    IMO Gas Codes. Such certification may be
    issued on behalf of the administration by
    approved classification societies.


                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
3. Certificate of seaworthiness

     Document issued by a
      surveyor after repairs
      have been effected ,
      certifying that the ship is
      seaworthy.




                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
         DENİZDE CAN VE MAL KORUMA
              HAKKINDA KANUN
Md. 2: “ a. Tekne, genel donanım, makina, kazan gibi esas
   kısımları,
   b. Yükleme durumu,
   c. Yakıtının ve kumanyasının yeterliği,
   d. Gemi adamlarının yeterliği ve sayısı;
        Bakımlarından Ulaştırma Bakanlığı ile diğer ilgili
   kuruluşların görüşleri alınmak suretiyle hazırlanacak
   yönetmeliklerince tespit olunmuş, nitelikleri haiz bulunmaması
   yüzünden, yapacağı yolculuğun normal rizikolarına karşı
   koyamayacak durumda olan bir ticaret gemisi "yola elverişli"
   sayılmaz ve böyle bir geminin yola çıkmasına izin verilmez. “
Ticaret gemisi :Menfaat sağlamak kasdıyla denizde kullanılan her
   gemi (Md.1/b )
                             Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                                  Modul 2_2
        DENİZDE CAN VE MAL KORUMA
             HAKKINDA KANUN
Md. 3 –” Ticaret gemilerinin tahsis edildikleri işlere ve
  yapacakları yolculuklara göre tekne, makine, kazan, genel
  donanım, can kurtarma, yangından korunma ve yangın
  söndürme ve sair araç ve teferruatının tüzüğü gereğince
  haiz olmaları lazımgelen durumları yılda en az bir defa
  denetlenir.”
Md 4 – “Denetleme sonunda durumu tüzüğe uygun olduğu
  anlaşılan ticaret gemisine süreli bir "Denize elverişlilik
  belgesi" verilir. Böyle bir belgesi olmayan yahut belgesinin
  süresi bitmiş olan ticaret gemisinin yola çıkmasına izin
  verilmiyeceği gibi herhangi bir sebeple tüzüğünde
  gösterilen nitelikleri kaybetmiş olan ticaret gemisinin de
  belgesi battal edilir. “

                            Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                                 Modul 2_2
4. Classification Certificate

      Certificate issued by a
       classification society which
       states the class attributed to
       a ship.




                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
4.1. Classification Societies
   Organizations whose main function is to carry
    out surveys of ships whilst being built and at
    regular intervals after construction , their
    purpose being to set and maintain standarts of
    construction and upkeep for ships and their
    equipment.
   Each classification society has a set of rules
    governing the requirements for surveys and a
    number of classes; these are categories
    denoting the type of ship and the classification
    society with which she is classed.
                          Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                               Modul 2_2
4.1.Classification
   In most countries , it is not obligatory for a
    shipowner to have his ship classed but there
    would be considerable difficulties in trading if
    the ship were not , since it is often a condition
    of the ships insurance and a requirement of
    most charterers and shippers.
   Classification societies also inspect and approve
    the construction of shipping containers.



                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
5. Dangerous Cargo Endorsement
   Endorsement issued by a flag state
    administration to a certificate of competency of
    a ship ‘s officer allowing service on dangerous
    cargo carriers such as oil tankers ,chemical
    carriers or gas carriers .




                          Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                               Modul 2_2
6. Deratting Certificate
   Document issued by the health authorities in a
    port which certifies that any rats on board a
    ship have been exterminated.

7. Deratting Exemption Certificate
Document    issued by the health authorities in a port
 which certifies that their inspector has found a
ship to be free of rats.


                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
8. Gas –Free Certificate
   A gas – free certificate is most issued by
    an independent chemist to show that a
    tank atmosphere has been tested , and is
    certificated to contain adequate oxygen
    and is sufficiently free from toxic ,
    chemical and hydrocarbon gases for a
    specified purpose such as tank entry and
    hot work.
                      Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                           Modul 2_2
9. International Load Line Certificate
   It gives the positions of a ship’s freeboards
    relative to her deck line and the positions of her
    various load lines above and below her summer
    load line .
   The certificate states that the ship has been
    surveyed and the appropriate load lines marked
    on her sides.



                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
10. International Tonnage Certificate
   Certificate issued to a shipowner by a goverment
    department in the case of a ship whose gross
    and net tonnages have been determined in
    accordance with the International Convention of
    Tonnage Measurement of Ships. The certificate
    states the gross and net tonnages together with
    details of the spaces attributed to each other.




                         Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                              Modul 2_2
11. ISM Code Documents
   Companies which comply with the ISM Code
    should be issued with a Document of
    Compliance , acopy of which should be kept on
    board.
   Administrations should issue a Safety
    Management Certificate to indicate that the
    company operates in accordance with the safety
    management system and periodic checks should
    be carried out.


                        Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                             Modul 2_2
12.Safety –radio- telegraphy
Certificate
   Document issued by the authorities of a
    country which certificates that a ship is
    equipped with suitable radio equipment
    taking into consideration her size ,
    number of crewmen and the types of
    voyage which she is likely to undertake.


                      Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                           Modul 2_2
13. Log-Book (Gemi Jurnali)
   Log – book is a journal containing a detailed
    account of the situation of the ship from time
    to time , the winds , weather and eveything
    of importance that has taken place during her
    voyage.
   Under Turkish Commercial Code a log – book
    shall be kept by all ships with the exception of
    small vessels employed solely in harbours.
    (Art. 980-981)


                          Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                               Modul 2_2
Deniz raporu (Sea protest)

  A sea protest is a written statement containing
accidents and extra ordinary occurences
encountered by the vessel on her voyage.
 According to the articles of Turkish Commercial
Code (Art. 982-985) this protest has to be submitted
to the competent court (commercial courts -asliye
ticaret mahkemesi ) by the master .

                       Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                            Modul 2_2
Sea protest
   The judge examines the oral evidence given by
    the seamen and the testimony of the each one
    is entered into the record of the court. Thus the
    sea report consists of such record and the annex
    thereof.
   In many other countries the sea protest drawn
    up by the master is attested by the notary
    public. In this case the depositions of the
    seamen are not contained.


                          Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                               Modul 2_2
Sea protest
   In our legal system a sea protest is a
    discretionary (takdiri ) evidence contents
    of which may be challanged by any
    species of proof to the contrary .




                          Deniz Ticaret Hukuku
                               Modul 2_2

								
To top