Poway Unified and the State of Education

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					Poway Unified and the
 State of Education
Common Core Standards
   48 States, plus D.C. came together to
    create national education standards.
       Uniformity
       Lower Costs
       Interstate Movement
Common Core Standards Test

   No Bubble Tests
   Emphasize students’ ability to analyze
    and apply knowledge.
   Performance based testing during the
   Computerized year end assessment.
AB2648 Multiple Pathways to
Student Success
   Personalized learning plans. (3-5 years)
   Merges postsecondary education with
    career preparation.
   Additional school days and hours per day.
   Project/problem based learning.
   Partnership academies; regional
    occupational centers; internships; career-
    themed small schools.
Poway Unified School District
“There is a failure here that
 topples all our success.”
              - John Steinbeck
   49th in students per teacher
   47th in per pupil funding
   46th in education spending as a percentage of
    personal income
   51st in students per guidance counselor
   51st in students per librarian
   47th in total principals and assistant principals
   48th in total school staff
   46th in district officials and administrators
   45th in instructional aides
   49th in access to computers.
  National Assessment of
Education Progress (NAEP)

   47th in 4th grade reading
   46th in 8th grade math.

 (46th in education spending as a
       percentage of personal
To Reach the National Average,
   104,000 teachers
   26,569 instructional aides
   5,740 guidance counselors
   5,740 librarians
   5,630 principals or assistant
    63,000 more computer work
Robles-Wong v. California

• CAPTA, CSBA, ACSA, and over 60
    school districts, parents and
1849 – Cal. Const. art. IX, s2 – The State School
Fund was created

1910 – Const. Amendment – No longer finite

1920 – Const. Amendment - State Average Daily
Attendance (ADA) and local property taxes

1946 – Const. Amendment: “The Foundation
Program Minimum
 (state “basic aid” + local district tax revenues <
    Foundation Program Minimum, then State
                “Equalization Aid”)
1971 – Serrano v. Priest
   1972-1973 Response to Serrano –
    “Revenue Limit” controls

     Revenue  Limit was based on the state’s
     Foundation Program Minimum Funding and
     local property tax revenues as of 1972-73
Revenue Limits
 Unrelated to actual cost of district
  educational program
 “Level Up” and “Level Down”
 Became maximum funding levels
  (adjusted for inflation only)
 Continues to be based on historical data
  unrelated to actual costs of providing
  educational program and services
1978 – Proposition 13
 Rolled property assessments to 1975-76
 Limited property tax rate to 1%
 Gave state complete control in allocating
  reduced property tax revenues
 Eliminated school districts’ ability to levy
  ad valorem property taxes for education
1978 – Proposition 13
 60% reduction in local property tax
 Share of property tax revenues allocated
  to schools reduced from 53% to 35%
 1 year after Proposition 13 school district
  revenues from State went from 23% to

**Education now forced to compete with
  other programs for General Fund
1988 – Proposition 98
   Minimum funding level for K-14 education
   Ties school funding to growth in State General
    Fund revenues
   Volatile and unpredictable, with revenue
    projections changing over the school year
   Can be suspended during economic crisis
   Funding formulas based on 1986/87 education
    budget, which was based on antiquated caps set
    in 1970’s (adjusted for cost of living and
1988 – Proposition 98
 “Minimum” has become a Maximum
 Includes: child care, adult education,
  probation schools, California Youth
  Authority programs, health screening,
  public safety…
 Accounting gimmicks
 Prop. 98 funding cut by $17 Billion in last 2
          Categorical Funding
(Funding tied to a specific program or service)

1980 – State and Federal Categorical
 Programs – 13% of state education
 Today – 1/3 of state funding is
 categorical with general purpose funds
 being reduced correspondingly
Poway Unified and the State
       of Education

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