Medicine The Past, Present & Future by 1UyoiN55

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									                          Wednesday, July 04, 2012
    MEDICINE
    THE PAST, PRESENT &
    FUTURE
1   Packet #1
                                   Wednesday, July 04,
THE PAST
   Early civilizations




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    depended on a specific
    person or group to meet
    health care needs.
   Hippocrates, a Greek born
    in 460 B.C. is considered to
    be the “father” of medicine.
   Hippocrates rejected
    superstition in favor of
    scientific observation, by
    classifying diseases, and
    created a set of moral and
    professional standards for
    physicians.
       The Hippocratic Oath
                                   2
                                  Wednesday, July 04,
THE PAST II
   In the early decades of the




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    20th century, methods of
    treating disease was based
    on local customs and
    beliefs.
   Doctors, not yet an elite
    professional group, were
    usually trained through a
    combination of schooling
    and apprenticeship.
   A large number of medical
    schools were business
    institutions organized for
    the profit of local
    practitioners.
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                           Wednesday, July 04,
THE PAST III
 Formal medical




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  education was
  unregulated for many
  decades.
 The formation of the
  American Medical
  Association, in 1847,
  started the process of
  standardization
  during the early
  1900’s.
                           4
                             Wednesday, July 04,
THE PAST IV
 Each group of




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  practitioners, medical
  professionals, were
  identified with a
  particular school (sect)
  of medicine.
 The Thomsonians
  incorporated local folk
  customs into their
  therapeutics.
 In cities, practitioners
  started to compete
  with each other.           5
                                Wednesday, July 04,
THE PAST V
   At the beginning of the




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    20th century, a movement
    for medical education
    reform began but plagues
    and epidemics was causing
    the death of thousands of
    people.
   Through various medical
    discoveries, and
    technological
    advancements, cures, and
    preventative methods,
    were developed to help
    decrease the amount of
    people dying.
                                6
Wednesday, July 04, 2012
                           THE PRESENT
                                         7
                              Wednesday, July 04,
THE PRESENT I
   Today, the focus of




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    medicine has shifted
    from prevention of
    contagious diseases to
    cancer, drug abuse,
    heart disease and
    acquired immune
    deficiency syndrome
    which in part are
    caused by the
    lifestyles of patients.
                              8
                                       Wednesday, July 04,
THE PRESENT II
   The medical profession




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    has also faced a series of
    crises.
       Increase in the costs of
        basic services.
           Health care accounts for
            more than 14.3% of the
            gross national product.
       The maldistribution of
        physicians.
           Areas where the poor are
            found have access to
            fewer physicians.
     Increase in malpractice
      litigation.
     HMOs
           Medical Insurance
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Wednesday, July 04, 2012
                           THE FUTURE
                                        10
                            Wednesday, July 04,
THE FUTURE I
 Most individuals, if




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  not all, use the health
  care system during
  his/her lifetime.
 The hope is that the
  focus of healthcare
  will be on wellness
  and prevention rather
  than seeking a cure.


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                                Wednesday, July 04,
THE FUTURE II
   With more Americans




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    having a longer lifespan,
    there will be a need to
    service the elderly .
   With medicine being a
    business driven
    industry, small
    hospitals may be
    destined to become a
    thing of the past and the
    poor may continue to
    suffer because of the
    lack of access to
    healthcare.
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                           Wednesday, July 04,
THE FUTURE III
   Where do you fit in?




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       Time will tell!




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