Major Movements and Events in US History before World War II by lcK58e7A

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									     Major Movements and Events in US History before World War II

                               The First Two Political Parties Form

                   Federalists                                  Democratic Republicans
Leader: Alexander Hamilton                          Leader: Thomas Jefferson
Philosophy: Strong National Government              Philosophy: Strong State Governments
Constitutional Ideas: Loose Constructionist         Constitutional Ideas: Strict Constructionist


                                          Election of 1800
                         (First Peaceful Transfer of Power Between Parties)

                      John Adams

Candidates            Thomas Jefferson                                            Alexander Hamilton
                                              Tie in the Electoral College        sways election in
                      Aaron Burr                                                  favor of Jefferson


                                 Equation for the Monroe Doctrine

                       Nonintervention + Noncolonization = US Foreign Policy


                                      Manifest Destiny Begins
                                         New Political Parties

    National Republicans               Jacksonian Democrats                        Whigs
Strong National Government        Strong State Governments
National Bank                     No National Bank                            Form in opposition
Support Internal Improvements     Against Internal Improvements                  to Jackson



                                      The American System
                                    (Developed by Henry Clay)

                   Three Parts                                     Overall Purpose
1. Internal Improvements (Transportation)           Connect North, South, and West to make America
                                                    economically independent of Europe
2. Protective Tariff (Buy Made in USA)

3. National Bank



                                           Election of 1824
                                         (The Corrupt Bargain)

                     Henry Clay

Candidates           John Quincy Adams                                            Henry Clay
                                               Tie in the Electoral College       sways election in
                     Andrew Jackson                                               favor of Adams in
                                                                                  Exchange for
                                                                                  Secretary of State
                                                                                  position

__________________________________________________________________________________

                              Reform Movements of the Early 1800s

          Movement                             Leaders                            Purpose

       Religious Reform                  Charles Finney                To bring traditional Christian
                                          Joseph Smith                    values back to America
      Transcendentalists             Ralph Waldo Emerson               To focus on the individual and
                                      Henry David Thoreau                       self reliance
    Temperance Movement            American Temperance Society          Movement to eliminate the
                                                                          consumption of alcohol
       Public Education                      Horace Mann                Improve public schools and
                                                                         make them available to all
        Prison Reform                    Dorothea Dix               To improve prison conditions
                                                                         for the mentally ill
    Utopian Communities                   New Harmony                Created a cooperative and
                                           Brook Farm                   communistic lifestyle
                                       Oneida Community
                                             Shakers
     Abolition Movement                Frederick Douglas              Movement to ban slavery
                                         Sojourner Truth
                                         Harriet Tubman
                                     William Lloyd Garrison
  Women’s Rights Movement            Elizabeth Cady Stanton           Obtain the right to vote for
                                          Lucretia Mott                        women
                                        Susan B. Anthony
           Writers                     Washington Irving           Gain recognition for America as
                                    James Fennimore Cooper         a literary arena, using American
                                         Edgar Allan Poe                    themes in writing
                                      Nathanial Hawthorne
            Artists                Hudson River School of Art         Focused on the beauty of
                                                                       American landscapes


                                 Inventions of the Early 1800s

                   Invention                                       Inventor
Textile Mill                                     Samuel Slater
Cotton Gin                                       Eli Whitney
Interchangeable Parts                            Eli Whitney
Steamboat                                        Robert Fulton
Telegraph                                        Samuel Morse
Mechanical Reaper                                Cyrus McCormick
Steel Plow                                       John Deere
Erie Canal                                       New York Innovators


                                      North versus South


     Category                         North                                 South
 Type of Economy                    Industrial                            Agriculture
  Rural or Urban                      Urban                                  Rural
 Living Conditions                  Tenements                       Small Farms/Plantations
      Workers           Immigrants, Women, and Children                     Slaves
Workplace Problems        Low Wages, Long Hours, Bad             Harsh Owners, Long Hours, Bad
                                    Conditions                            Conditions
Ways to Deal With         Strikes, Collective Bargaining                 Slave Revolts
Workplace Problems
                                Short Term Causes of the Civil War

1) Wilmot Proviso                  Ban slavery in all territory acquired from Mexico

2) Compromise of 1850              California is Free State, New Mexico and Utah use popular
                                    sovereignty, Fugitive Slave Law

3) Nativism/Know-Nothings          Mainly in North favoring Native born Americans over
                                    immigrants

4) Kansas-Nebraska Act             Allowed Kansas and Nebraska to use popular sovereignty

5) Sumner Brooks Incident          Southern senator’s nephew beats northern senator with cane for
                                    criticizing south

6) Dred Scott Decision             Slavery is allowed throughout the US and Missouri Compromise
                                    void

7) Lincoln-Douglas Debates         Series of debates for senate seat in Illinois centering on slavery
                                    (Douglas – Popular Sovereignty / Lincoln – No Extension)

8) John Brown’s Raid               Brown raids a federal arsenal to give weapons to slaves; seen as
                                    martyr for abolition movement

9) Election of 1860                Abraham Lincoln elected president without any electoral votes
                                    from the South

10) South Carolina Secession       Form the Confederate States of America with 7 other southern
                                    states


                                       Reconstruction Plans

  Reconstruction Plan           Planners                                 Requirements
   Ten Percent Plan          Abraham Lincoln              1)   Pardons all who swear allegiance to
                                                               Union and accept policy on slavery
                                                               EXCEPT Confederate military and
                                                               government officials
                                                          2)   Hold state conventions to get back into
                                                               the Union with only 10% allegiance
      Presidential               Andrew Johnson           1)   Pardoned ALL southerners who swore
     Reconstruction                                            allegiance to the Union
                                                          2)   All states could hold conventions to get
                                                               back into the Union without 10%
                                                               allegiance
                                                          3)   States must void secession and abolish
                                                               slavery
     Congressional           Radical Republicans      1) Military rule for South
     Reconstruction                                   2) African Americans can vote but former
                                                         Confederates cannot
                                                      3) Must ratify 14th Amendment
                                                      4) Ordered to hold state conventions


                                     Reconstruction People


                                                       Carpetbaggers (Northerners moving South)
                                                              Scalawags (Southern Republicans)




Former Plantation Owners
     Small Farmers
                                                                               Tenant Farmers
                                                                               (Rented Land)
                                                                                Sharecroppers
                                                                                (Farmed others land
                                                                                and paid with crops)
                                                                                Freedmen
                                                                                (Former Slaves)

__________________________________________________________________________________


                                     Industrial Revolution
                                         (Late 1800s)

        Invention                   Inventor                              Impact
         Oil Drill                 Edwin Drake               Made production of oil faster and
                                                                      more efficient
        Light Bulb                Thomas Edison               Made lighting easier and more
                                                               accessible; longer workdays
   Alternating Currents        George Westinghouse           Made light available to rural areas

        Telephone             Alexander Graham Bell     Allowed more communication around
                                                                        country
 Transcontinental Railroad         ____________          Connected the country and allowed
                                                           for trade throughout the nation
    Bessemer Process               William Kelly           Allowed for faster and cheaper
                                                                  production of steel
                                             Industrialists

                          Andrew Carnegie              John D. Rockefeller            JP Morgan

       Industry                US Steel               Standard Oil Company               Banker
      Technique                 Vertical                    Horizontal                Interlocking
                            Consolidation                  Consolidation              Directorates
     Explanation          Buy up all phases of        Control all companies         Put members of
                         production to cut out         in the same industry        company in every
                             middle man                                           branch of business
      Example            McDonald’s buys up            McDonald’s works         The managers of all fast
                         chicken farms, cows,            with Hardee’s,          food businesses work
                         wheat fields, and Oreo       Wendy’s, and Burger           for McDonald’s
                               Company                King to keep prices the         corporation
                                                               same



                                           Factory Problems


                               Piecework                            More Production = More Pay

                               Sweatshops                         Long hours, low wages, bad jobs
Workplace Problems
                               Division of Labor                        Everyone gets different task

                               Child Labor                                 Children as young as 5 work


                                             Labor Unions

             Union                                                 Purpose
National Trades Union                       First labor union in America
                                            Included all crafts
Knights of Labor                            Included workers from all crafts
                                            Accepted African Americans and Women
                                            Fought for shorter hours, better conditions, no child labor
                                            Did not fight for higher wages
American Federation of Labor                Included only skilled workers
                                            Did not have very many women of African Americans
                                            Led by Samuel Gompers
American Railway Union                      Worked to unite all railway workers, skilled and unskilled
                                            Led by Eugene Debs
                                        Labor Union Strikes

                                                                                  Pullman Strike
                                                                                      (1894)
                                              Haymarket Riot (1886)             Cause: Wage cuts,
Great Railroad Strike (1877)                                                            Layoffs,
                                          Cause: Wanted 8 hour workday                  Town Rules
Cause: Wage cuts                          Strike: Violence erupts when          Strike: Interfered
Strike: Violence Erupts                          anarchists bomb police                with US Mail
Solution: Hayes sends federal             Solution: Police broke up strike      Solution:
         troops to restore order                   Gives people bad             Court order forbade
                                                   image of unions              all union activity as
                                                                                against Sherman
                                                                                Antitrust Act




                                      Labor Union Techniques

                                             Techniques




    Strikes:                          Boycotts:                  Collective Bargaining:
  Stop Working                     Do not buy from                  Negotiate with
                                  Certain businesses                   employer
__________________________________________________________________________________

                                       The Populist Movement
                                            (Late 1800s)
                                       Remember: Wizard of Oz

        Who                    Farmers
      Demands                  Increase Money Supply (Free Silver)
                               Decrease Tariffs
                               Progressive Income Tax
                               Government ownership of communications and transportation
     Candidate                 William Jennings Bryan
                               Delivered Cross of Gold speech in Election of 1896
                               Lost election to McKinley
   Political Party             Populists or The Grange
                                  Immigration to the United States

         Time Period                     Immigrant Groups                  Problems Arising
            1840s                       Northwestern Europe              Beginning of Nativism
                                      (Irish, French, Germans)         Know-Nothing Party Forms
                                                                               Tenements
              1890s                       Central Europe                    Crowded Cities
                                   (Austria-Hungary, Yugoslavia,               Tenements
                                              Poland)                  How The Other Half Lives
                                                                           Political Machines
                                                                            Nativism Grows
              1920s                 Southern and Eastern Europe                Red Scare
                                   (Russia, Italy, Greece, Romania,       Rise of Ku Klux Kan
                                              and Turkey)                 Nativism Continues
                                                                        Immigration Restrictions


                            Voting Restriction for African Americans

                                         Voting Restrictions


Poll Tax                                   Literacy Test                          Grandfather Clause
Pay to vote                           Must be able to read to vote            May vote if grandfather
                                                                             voted prior to Civil War




                             Booker T. Washington v. WEB Dubois

    Booker T. Washington                    Similarities                      WEB Dubois
Raised as former slave in South         African Americans                  Raised in the North
Blacks should get a vocational        Leaders at the turn of the      Blacks should get a liberal arts
           education                          century                           education
 Blacks should work to gain                  Educated                  Blacks should be equal now
equality with whites gradually
 Founded Tuskegee Institute        Working for what each believed           Founded NAACP
                                    best for African Americans
                                      Progressive Movement
                                          (Early 1900s)

       Who                   Middle class Americans, especially women
                             Muckrakers: Bring problems of society to public attention
                             Ida Tarbell = Book on the Standard Oil Company
                             Upton Sinclair= The Jungle on meatpacking industry
     Demands                 Make government accountable to citizens
                             Curb power of wealthy
                             Be more active in the lives of individuals
     Solutions               Direct Primaries
                             17th Amendment
                             Initiative
                             Referendum
                             Recall
    Candidates               Theodore Roosevelt (1912)
   Political Party           Bull Moose Party



                                           Foreign Policies
                                            (Early 1900s)

                         Theodore Roosevelt            William Taft              Woodrow Wilson
   Foreign Policy        Big Stick Diplomacy          Dollar Diplomacy           Moral Diplomacy

     Explanation            Use force and             Invest money in the        Apply US morals in
                         aggression in dealing        economies of other          dealing with other
                          with other nations                nations                     nations

  Historical Usage            Panama Canal                    China              Mexican Revolution

    Usage Today          Attack on Afghanistan      Investing money in Iraq     Spreading democracy
                                and Iraq                                         and ridding Iraq of
                                                                                 tyrannical dictator



                                    Path of Imperialism to 1917

Spanish American War         Philippines       Puerto Rico            China       Hawaii

Panama Canal         Roosevelt Corollary         Mexican Revolution           World War I
                                                          The Square Deal
                                                          (Teddy Roosevelt)

                                                        Creating Regulations




                           Controlling Corporations




                                                                                     Consumer Protection
                                                      Conservation of Resources




                                                           Election of 1912

                    William Taft                              Republican
                                                                                  Split Republican Vote
Candidates          Theodore Roosevelt  Bull Moose

                    Woodrow Wilson                           Democrat                                     Wins Election of 1912


                                                             World War I

   Overall Causes      Militarism, Nationalism, Imperialism, Alliances, Assassination of
                       Archduke Ferdinand
      US Entry         Violation of Sussex Pledge and Zimmerman Note (1917)
     US Leaders        Woodrow Wilson
      Warfare          Trench Warfare, Tanks, Poison Gas
       Sides           Central Powers: Austria Hungary and Germany
                       Allies: Great Britain, France, Russia, United States, Serbia
      Theatres         All fought in western Europe
      Winners          Allies
       Dates           1914-1918
       Treaty          Treaty of Versailles: Reparations, Redraw Map of Europe, League of
                       Nations
                               Characteristics of Life in the 1920s

       Term                                               Meaning
     Isolation        Cutting country off from the rest of the world
    Prohibition       Banned consumption, sale, and use of alcohol in America  organized crime
     Airplanes        The Wright Brothers launched first aircraft
 Lost Generation      Writers disconnected with America culture (Hemingway, Fitzgerald)
 Fundamentalism       Interpreting the Bible literally  Problems with evolution  Scopes Trial
    Easy Credit       More goods  more to buy  people buying now and paying later
       Radio          Nationwide stations allowed a common connection and culture in America
Harlem Renaissance    Literary and artistic movement among African Americans
     Jazz Age         Jazz music comes to the forefront and club open
   Automobiles        Henry Ford begins mass producing his Model T
       Film           First sound films come out in America


                             Warning Signs of the Great Depression

  1.   Uneven Prosperity (rich getting richer, poor getting poorer)
  2.   Lack of Savings (80% of families had no savings)
  3.   Personal Debt (more Americans buying on credit)
  4.   Buying on the Margin (buying stock for half the price and paying rest when money comes in)
  5.   Speculation (get rich quick schemes)
  6.   Troubles for Farmers (crop prices falling)
  7.   Overproduction (no business regulations  warehouses overstocked and no one to sell to)


                            Ripple Effect of the Stock Market Crash

                      Market investors lose savings and cannot pay loans 
                Banks who invested in high risk companies cannot get loans back 
                       Banks demand money from consumer borrowers 
                        Borrowers do not have the money to pay banks 
                   American panic at thought of banks running out of money 
                         Everyone goes to the bank to get their money 
                               Banks run out of money and fail 
                       Savings accounts are wiped out with no insurance 
                  Companies who lost money have to cut production and jobs 
                                      Rise in unemployment
                          Herbert Hoover Versus Franklin Roosevelt

                                       Herbert Hoover                  Franklin Roosevelt
 Philosophy of Government            Rugged Individualism                Forgotten Man
                                (People should help themselves     (Government should work for
                                  as much as possible without              the people)
                                    government assistance)

        Relief Type                       Indirect Relief                   Direct Relief
                                 (Give money to state and local    (Federal government deals with
                                 governments and to businesses problem by creating programs to
                                and let the benefits trickle down)       assist Americans)

Dealing with the Depression          Let it work itself out        Relief, Recovery, and Reform

       Political Party                    Republican                         Democrat



                                      New Deal Policies

     New Deal Program              Acronym                            Purpose

  Federal Deposit Insurance          FDIC                Insure bank deposits up to $5,000.00
         Corporation
   Securities and Exchange            SEC            Assures that all information about stocks and
         Commission                                                 bonds is accurate
 Civilian Conservation Corps          CCC           Put young unmarried men to work doing useful
                                                                           jobs
 Tennessee Valley Authority           TVA            Sought to build hydroelectric power plants on
                                                       the Tennessee River to help poor area and
                                                                       create jobs
 Public Works Administration         PWA              Relieved unemployment through large scale
                                                                      work projects
Works Progress Administration        WPA               Constructed public buildings, bridges, and
                                                                          roads
     National Recovery                NRA              Reduced hours for factories, set minimum
       Administration                                   wage, restricted child labor, guaranteed
        (Wagner Act)                                             collective bargaining
 Agricultural Adjustment Act         AAA             Federal government pays farmers not to farm
       Social Security              _______           Provided unemployment insurance, old age
                                                         pensions, and benefits for the disabled
    Major Movements and Events in US History before World War II

                                 The First Two Political Parties Form

                   Federalists                                  Democratic Republicans
Leader:                                             Leader:
Philosophy:                                         Philosophy:
Constitutional Ideas:                               Constitutional Ideas:


                                      Election of 1800
                   (_________________________________________________)

                     __________

Candidates           __________
                                              ______________________
                     __________


                                  Equation for the Monroe Doctrine

        _________________________ + ________________________ = US Foreign Policy


                                       Manifest Destiny Begins
                                       New Political Parties

     National Republicans             Jacksonian Democrats                 Whigs




                                       The American System
                            (Developed by __________________________)

                  Three Parts                                  Overall Purpose
1.
2.
3.


                                         Election of 1824
                                (_____________________________)

                     __________

Candidates           __________
                                             ______________________
                     __________


__________________________________________________________________________________

                               Reform Movements of the Early 1800s

          Movement                           Leaders                      Purpose

       Religious Reform

       Transcendentalists

     Temperance Movement

       Public Education

        Prison Reform

     Utopian Communities
     Abolition Movement

  Women’s Rights Movement

           Writers

            Artists



                                      Inventions of the Early 1800s

                      Invention                                        Inventor




                                          North versus South


     Category                            North                               South
 Type of Economy
  Rural or Urban
 Living Conditions
      Workers
Workplace Problems
Ways to Deal With
Workplace Problems


                                  Short Term Causes of the Civil War

1) Wilmot Proviso             

2) Compromise of 1850             


3) Nativism/Know-Nothings 
4) Kansas-Nebraska Act      

5) Sumner Brooks Incident   


6) Dred Scott Decision      


7) Lincoln-Douglas Debates 


8) John Brown’s Raid        


9) Election of 1860         


10) South Carolina Secession 



                                    Reconstruction Plans

  Reconstruction Plan            Planners                  Requirements
   Ten Percent Plan




      Presidential
     Reconstruction




     Congressional
     Reconstruction
                               Reconstruction People




__________________________________________________________________________________


                               Industrial Revolution
                                   (Late 1800s)

       Invention               Inventor                      Impact
        Oil Drill

       Light Bulb

  Alternating Currents

       Telephone

Transcontinental Railroad

   Bessemer Process
                                             Industrialists

                          Andrew Carnegie             John D. Rockefeller   JP Morgan

      Industry

      Technique

     Explanation



      Example




                                           Factory Problems


                               Piecework

                               Sweatshops
Workplace Problems
                               Division of Labor

                               Child Labor


                                             Labor Unions

             Union                                              Purpose
National Trades Union


Knights of Labor


American Federation of Labor


American Railway Union
                                  Labor Union Strikes

                                                                          Pullman Strike
                                                                              (1894)
                                       Haymarket Riot (1886)            Cause:
Great Railroad Strike (1877)
                                    Cause:
Cause:                              Strike:                             Strike:
Strike:
Solution:                           Solution:                           Solution:




                                Labor Union Techniques

                                       Techniques




    Strikes:                           Boycotts:                     Collective Bargaining:



__________________________________________________________________________________

                                 The Populist Movement
                                       (Late 1800s)
                     Remember: ___________________________________

       Who
     Demands



     Candidate

   Political Party
                           Immigration to the United States

    Time Period                   Immigrant Groups                Problems Arising
                                 Northwestern Europe
                               (Irish, French, Germans)

                                    Central Europe
                             (Austria-Hungary, Yugoslavia,
                                        Poland)


                             Southern and Eastern Europe
                            (Russia, Italy, Greece, Romania,
                                       and Turkey)




                       Voting Restriction for African Americans

                                  Voting Restrictions




                        Booker T. Washington v. WEB Dubois

Booker T. Washington                  Similarities                  WEB Dubois
                                  Progressive Movement
                                      (Early 1900s)

      Who


    Demands


    Solutions




    Candidates

  Political Party




                                       Foreign Policies
                                        (Early 1900s)

                         Theodore Roosevelt         William Taft         Woodrow Wilson
   Foreign Policy

    Explanation


  Historical Usage


    Usage Today




                                Path of Imperialism to 1917

___________________       ________        ___________         _____       _____

___________          _______________          ________________        _________________
                                 The Square Deal
                                 (Teddy Roosevelt)




                                 Election of 1912

                    __________     ____________
                                                     __________________________
Candidates          __________     ____________

                    __________      ________              ___________________


                                   World War I

   Overall Causes

      US Entry
     US Leaders
      Warfare
       Sides

      Theatres
      Winners
       Dates
       Treaty
                           Characteristics of Life in the 1920s

       Term                                        Meaning
     Isolation
    Prohibition
     Airplanes
 Lost Generation
 Fundamentalism
    Easy Credit
       Radio
Harlem Renaissance
     Jazz Age
   Automobiles
       Film


                         Warning Signs of the Great Depression

  1.   ____________________________________________________________________________
  2.   ____________________________________________________________________________
  3.   ____________________________________________________________________________
  4.   ____________________________________________________________________________
  5.   ____________________________________________________________________________
  6.   ____________________________________________________________________________
  7.   ____________________________________________________________________________


                         Ripple Effect of the Stock Market Crash

                ___________________________________________________
                ___________________________________________________ 
                ___________________________________________________ 
                ___________________________________________________ 
                ___________________________________________________ 
                ___________________________________________________ 
               ____________________________________________________ 
               ____________________________________________________ 
               ____________________________________________________ 
                     ____________________________________________
                          Herbert Hoover Versus Franklin Roosevelt

                                      Herbert Hoover                  Franklin Roosevelt
 Philosophy of Government



        Relief Type

Dealing with the Depression


       Political Party


                                     New Deal Policies

     New Deal Program              Acronym                           Purpose

  Federal Deposit Insurance
         Corporation
   Securities and Exchange
        Commission

 Civilian Conservation Corps


 Tennessee Valley Authority


 Public Works Administration


Works Progress Administration


     National Recovery
       Administration
        (Wagner Act)
 Agricultural Adjustment Act


       Social Security
    Major Movements and Events in US History before World War II

                                 The First Two Political Parties Form

                   Federalists                                  Democratic Republicans
Leader:                                             Leader:
Philosophy:                                         Philosophy:
Constitutional Ideas:                               Constitutional Ideas:


                                      Election of 1800
                   (_________________________________________________)

                     __________

Candidates           __________
                                              ______________________
                     __________


                                  Equation for the Monroe Doctrine

        _________________________ + ________________________ = US Foreign Policy


                                       Manifest Destiny Begins
                                      New Political Parties

     National Republicans             Jacksonian Democrats                   Whigs




                                     The American System
                            (Developed by _______________________)

                  Three Parts                                  Overall Purpose
1.                                               Connect _______________________________ to
                                                 make America economically _________________
2.

3.



                                       Election of 1824
                             (________________________________)

                     Henry Clay

Candidates           John Quincy Adams                                      ______________
                                            ______________________          sways election in
                     Andrew Jackson                                         favor of _______ in
                                                                            Exchange for
                                                                            ________________
                                                                            position

__________________________________________________________________________________

                             Reform Movements of the Early 1800s

          Movement                          Leaders                         Purpose

       Religious Reform                  Charles Finney          To bring traditional Christian
                                                                    values back to America
       Transcendentalists                                       To focus on the _____________
                                                                       and self reliance
     Temperance Movement          American Temperance Society

       Public Education                                            Improve public schools and
                                                                    make them available to all
        Prison Reform                                              To improve prison conditions
                                                                   for _____________________

     Utopian Communities                 New Harmony
                                          Brook Farm
                                       Oneida Community
                                            Shakers
     Abolition Movement                                                  Movement to ban
                                                                         ______________


  Women’s Rights Movement                                         Obtain the right _____________
                                          Lucretia Mott

            Writers                                               Gain recognition for America as
                                                                  a literary arena, using American
                                                                           themes in writing

            Artists



                                  Inventions of the Early 1800s

                      Invention                                     Inventor
Textile Mill
Cotton Gin
Interchangeable Parts
Steamboat
Telegraph
Mechanical Reaper
Steel Plow
Erie Canal


                                      North versus South


     Category                        North                                  South
 Type of Economy
  Rural or Urban
 Living Conditions
      Workers
Workplace Problems

Ways to Deal With
Workplace Problems
                                Short Term Causes of the Civil War

1) Wilmot Proviso                  Ban slavery in all territory _______________________________

2) Compromise of 1850              _____________ is Free State, New Mexico and Utah use ______
                                    _________________, __________________________________

3) Nativism/Know-Nothings          Mainly in North favoring ________________________________

4) Kansas-Nebraska Act             Allowed Kansas and Nebraska to use ______________________

5) Sumner Brooks Incident          Southern senator’s nephew ____________________________for
                                    criticizing south

6) Dred Scott Decision             Slavery is allowed throughout the US and __________________
                                    void

7) Lincoln-Douglas Debates         Series of debates for senate seat in Illinois _________________
                                    (Douglas – ____________________ / Lincoln – _____________)

8) John Brown’s Raid               Brown raids a _____________ to give weapons to slaves; seen as
                                    __________ for abolition movement

9) Election of 1860                ________________ elected president without any ____________
                                    from the South

10) South Carolina Secession       Form the ___________________________ with 7 other southern
                                    states


                                       Reconstruction Plans

 Reconstruction Plan             Planners                          Requirements
  Ten Percent Plan                                   1) Pardons ________________________ to
                                                        Union and accept policy on slavery
                                                        EXCEPT Confederate military and
                                                        government officials
                                                     2) Hold state conventions to get back into the
                                                        Union with ___________________

      Presidential                                   1) Pardoned _____________________ who
     Reconstruction                                     swore allegiance to the Union
                                                     2) All states could hold conventions to get
                                                        back into the Union ______________
                                                        allegiance
                                                     3) States must void secession and abolish
                                                        slavery
    Congressional                            1) ________________________________
    Reconstruction                           2) ______________________ can vote but
                                                former Confederates cannot
                                             3) Must ratify ______________________
                                             4) Ordered to hold state conventions


                               Reconstruction People


                                                 ___________ (Northerners moving South)
                                                       _________(Southern Republicans)




_______________________
     ________________
                                                                 ___________________
                                                                    (Rented Land)
                                                                     ________________
                                                                     (Farmed others land
                                                                     and paid with crops)
                                                                     ________________
                                                                     (Former Slaves)

__________________________________________________________________________________


                               Industrial Revolution
                                   (Late 1800s)

        Invention              Inventor                          Impact
         Oil Drill                                  Made production of oil faster and
                                                              more efficient
       Light Bulb                                    Made lighting easier and more
                                                  accessible; _____________________
   Alternating Currents                             Made light available to rural areas

       Telephone                                  Allowed more communication around
                                                                 country
Transcontinental Railroad    ____________            ______________________ and
                                                     allowed for trade throughout the
                                                                  nation
    Bessemer Process         William Kelly        Allowed for ____________________
                                                  ______________________________
                                             Industrialists

                          Andrew Carnegie              John D. Rockefeller            JP Morgan

       Industry
      Technique

     Explanation

      Example            McDonald’s buys up            McDonald’s works         The managers of all fast
                         chicken farms, cows,            with Hardee’s,          food businesses work
                         wheat fields, and Oreo       Wendy’s, and Burger           for McDonald’s
                               Company                King to keep prices the         corporation
                                                               same



                                           Factory Problems


                               Piecework

                               Sweatshops
Workplace Problems
                               Division of Labor

                               Child Labor


                                             Labor Unions

             Union                                                 Purpose
National Trades Union                       ____________________________ in America
                                            Included all crafts
Knights of Labor                            Included workers _______________________
                                            __________________________________________
                                            Fought for shorter hours, better conditions, no child labor
                                            Did not fight for higher wages
American Federation of Labor                Included only ________________________________
                                            Did not have very many women of African Americans
                                            Led by _________________________
American Railway Union                      Worked to unite all railway workers, skilled and unskilled
                                            Led by ______________________
                                            Trade Union
                                      Labor Union Strikes

                                                                               Pullman Strike
                                                                                   (1894)
                                           Haymarket Riot (1886)             Cause:
Great Railroad Strike (1877)
                                       Cause:
Cause:                                 Strike: Violence erupts when          Strike: Interfered
Strike: Violence Erupts                       anarchists bomb police                with _______
Solution:                              Solution: Police broke up strike      Solution:
                                                                             Court order forbade
                                                                             all union activity as
                                                                             ________________
                                                                             ________________




                                    Labor Union Techniques

                                          Techniques




    Strikes:                              Boycotts:                       Collective Bargaining:


__________________________________________________________________________________

                                    The Populist Movement
                                         (Late 1800s)
                                    Remember: Wizard of Oz

       Who                
     Demands                 Increase __________________________________________________
                             Decrease _________________________________________________
                             Progressive Income Tax
                             Government ownership of ____________________________________
     Candidate               _________________________________________
                             Delivered _____________ speech in Election of 1896
                             Lost election to ____________________________
   Political Party           Populists or _________________________
                                 Immigration to the United States

           Time Period                  Immigrant Groups                    Problems Arising
              1840s                    Northwestern Europe            Beginning of ______________
                                     (Irish, French, Germans)        ________________ Party Forms
                                                                                Tenements
              1890s                      Central Europe                       Crowded Cities
                                  (Austria-Hungary, Yugoslavia,          ___________________
                                             Poland)                 __________________________
                                                                       ______________________
                                                                             Nativism Grows
              1920s                Southern and Eastern Europe       __________________________
                                  (Russia, Italy, Greece, Romania,   Rise of ____________________
                                             and Turkey)                   Nativism Continues
                                                                        Immigration Restrictions


                          Voting Restriction for African Americans

                                        Voting Restrictions


Poll Tax                                   Literacy Test                        Grandfather Clause




                            Booker T. Washington v. WEB Dubois

     Booker T. Washington                  Similarities                       WEB Dubois
Raised as ___________ in South         African Americans             Raised in the_______________
      Blacks should get a            Leaders at the turn of the            Blacks should get a
_________________________                    century                 __________________________
   Blacks should work to gain               Educated                        Blacks should be
      equality with whites                                                _________________
  _______________________
 Founded _________________        Working for what each believed     Founded _________________
                                   best for African Americans
                                       Progressive Movement
                                           (Early 1900s)

       Who                   _______________________________________, especially women
                             ____________________: Bring problems of society to public attention
                             _________________ = Book on the Standard Oil Company
                             _________________ = The Jungle on meatpacking industry
     Demands                 Make government accountable to citizens
                             Curb power of wealthy
                             Be more active in the lives of individuals
     Solutions           
                         
                         
                         

    Candidates           
   Political Party       



                                           Foreign Policies
                                            (Early 1900s)

                          Theodore Roosevelt            William Taft             Woodrow Wilson
    Foreign Policy

     Explanation


   Historical Usage

    Usage Today          Attack on Afghanistan      Investing money in Iraq     Spreading democracy
                                and Iraq                                         and ridding Iraq of
                                                                                 tyrannical dictator



                                    Path of Imperialism to 1917

______________________       Philippines       Puerto Rico         _____          Hawaii

___________           ________________          _________________             World War I
                                       The Square Deal
                                   (_____________________)




                                       Election of 1912

                    William Taft        

Candidates          Theodore Roosevelt 

                    Woodrow Wilson       


                                        World War I

   Overall Causes

      US Entry
     US Leaders
      Warfare
       Sides           Central Powers:
                       Allies:
      Theatres         All fought in western Europe
      Winners
       Dates
       Treaty
                              Characteristics of Life in the 1920s

       Term                                              Meaning
     Isolation       Cutting country off from
    Prohibition      Banned consumption, sale, and use of alcohol in America 
     Airplanes       The Wright Brothers launched first aircraft
 Lost Generation     Writers                                             (Hemingway, Fitzgerald)
 Fundamentalism      Interpreting the Bible literally  Problems with           
    Easy Credit      More goods  more to buy  people
       Radio         Nationwide stations allowed a                                   in America
Harlem Renaissance   Literary and artistic movement among
     Jazz Age        Jazz music comes to the forefront and club open
   Automobiles       Henry Ford begins mass producing his
       Film          First                           come out in America


                           Warning Signs of the Great Depression

  1. Uneven Prosperity (____________________________________________)
  2. ______________________ (80% of families had _____________________)
  3. Personal Debt (________________________________________)
  4. ___________________ (buying stock for half the price and paying rest when money comes in)
  5. ________________________(get rich quick schemes)
  6. Troubles for Farmers (____________________________)
  7. __________________ (no business regulations  warehouses overstocked and no one to sell to)


                           Ripple Effect of the Stock Market Crash

             __________________________ lose savings and cannot pay loans 
         ______________ who invested in high risk companies cannot get loans back 
           Banks demand money from __________________________borrowers 
                      Borrowers do not have the money to pay banks 
            _____________________ at thought of banks running out of money 
                 Everyone ________________________ to get their money 
                    Banks _____________________________ and fail 
               Savings accounts are ___________________with no insurance 
       Companies who lost money have to _____________________________________ 
                        Rise in _______________________________
                         Herbert Hoover Versus Franklin Roosevelt

                                      Herbert Hoover                   Franklin Roosevelt
Philosophy of Government       __________________________         _________________________
                              (People should help themselves as    (Government should work for
                                  much as possible without                 the people)
                                   government assistance)

       Relief Type            ____________________________ __________________________
                                (Give money to state and local    (Federal government deals with
                                governments and to businesses     problem by creating programs to
                               and let the benefits trickle down)        assist Americans)

Dealing with the Depression

      Political Party



                                      New Deal Policies

    New Deal Program              Acronym                            Purpose

                                    FDIC          Insure ___________________ up to $5,000.00

                                    SEC                 Assures that all information about
                                                  _____________________________is accurate
                                    CCC          Put __________________________________ to
                                                              work doing useful jobs
                                    TVA           Sought to build _________________________
                                                   on the Tennessee River to help poor area and
                                                                    create jobs
                                    PWA                  Relieved unemployment through
                                                  _____________________________________
                                    WPA          Constructed public buildings, bridges, and roads

                                    NRA                      Reduced hours for factories,
                                                     _________________________________,
                                                     restricted ________________, guaranteed
                                                     __________________________________
                                    AAA                   Federal government pays farmers
                                                 ________________________________________
                                  _______          Provided _____________________________,
                                                  _________________________, and benefits for
                                                        _____________________________

								
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