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                    湖北省黄冈中学 2010 年高二英语期中考试试题


第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节:多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
   As
21. a good teacher, he should use different ways to encourage all children to realize
   their full      and achieve their goals.
   A.possibility   B.motivation       C.potential        D.awareness
22.She’s hoping her first performance in the US will be the first step on the road to
    success, then she wants to try her ________ in Hollywood.
   A. profit        B. fortune        C. distinction     D. wealth
23. Having finished his morning work, the manager stood up behind his chair, _______
  himself.
    A. practising          B. spreading     C. stretching   D. extending
24.The government _________ the diplomatic (外交的) note from that country for its
    unclear attitude to the trade between two countries.
    A. denied            B. suggested           C. rejected        D. ignored
25.Keep in mind: your efforts will ______.Don’t let one or two failures over the year get
   you down.
   A take off           B. put off          C. pay back              D. pay off
26.Two pages of the original manuscript (底稿) of Albert Einstein's General Theory of
   Relativity were________ on display in the Israel Pavilion of the 2010 World
   Expo in Shanghai.
   A.put up             B set down            C. sent up      D. taken up
27.In the Gulf of Mexico the animals' presence close to shore means their usual
   habitat is badly polluted, and the crowding could ________ mass die-offs as fish
   run out of oxygen.
   A. result from          B. benefit from     C. devote to   D. result in
28.Every child is __________, with their own needs, preferences and talents.
   A. productive       B. familiar         C. original            D. unique
29.Hundreds of thousands of soccer fans are likely to get their first taste of live 3D
   viewing during this year's World Cup, the vast majority of them in cinemas        at
   home, according to football body FIFA.
   A. more than            B. rather than C. other than       D. less than
30.Stressful environments lead to unhealthy behaviors such as poor eating habits,
   which _________ increase the risk of heart disease.
   A. by chance            B. in return        C. in turn   D. in a row




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第二节:完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分)
   When I was in the 8th grade in Ohio, a girl named Helen in my class had a terrible
accident. As she was      31     to the bus in order not to miss it, she slipped on the ice
and fell under the back wheels of the bus. She      32     the accident but was paralyzed
from the waist down. I went to see her, in my 13-year-old           33 thinking that she
wouldn’t live    34   from then on.
31.A. walking            B. riding                C. running            D. driving
32.A. lived              B. survived          C. existed            D. escaped
33.A. mind               B. brain             C. head                   D. thought
34.A. equally            B. calmly            C. quietly            D. normally

    Over the years, I    35 and didn’t think much about Helen after that. Three years
ago, in Florida, my oldest son was hit by a car while riding his bike,    36   a terrible
brain injury. While I was looking after my son, a lady who said she was the hospital’s
social worker called. It was a (an)     37  trying (难受的) day. I burst into tears for no
reason and rang 38 .
35.A. studied            B. moved           C. worked            D. 1ived
36.A. suffering          B. causing         C. bearing           D. catching
37.A. normally           B. particularly    C. necessarily       D. eventually
38.A. up                 B. off             C. back              D. down

     A short time 1ater, a beautiful woman, in a wheelchair,    39     into my son’s room
with a box of     40 . After 16 years, I still 41      Helen. She smiled, handed me the
tissues and hugged me. I told her who I was, and after we both went through the shock
of that, she began to tell me about    42     since we last saw each other. She married,
had children and got her degree so that she          43   the path for those people who
were less      44   than her. She told me that if there was anything she could give me, it
would be      45 .
39.A. ran                 B. walked           C. rolled           D. moved
40.A. tissues             B. presents         C. pills            D. candies
41.A. realized            B. knew             C. recognized       D. reminded
42.A. her life            B. her son          C. her family       D. her work
43.A. clear               B. smooth           C. clean             D. open
44.A. rich                B. healthy          C. strong           D. fortunate
45.A. money               B. hope             C. pity             D. medicine

    Looking at this wonderful, giving person, I felt    46 . But I also felt the first hope I
had since learning that my son was         47 . From this person that I thought would
have no     48     of life, I learned that where there is life, there is hope. My son
miraculously (神奇的)         49      and we moved north, but I owe Helen      50     that I can
never repay.
46.A. small               B. pitiful          C. weak             D. shameless
47.A. admitted            B. beaten           C. hurt             D. hospitalized
48.A. use                 B. value            C. meaning          D. quality
49.A. treated             B. worsened         C. relieved         D. recovered


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50.A. some money B. some tissues              C. a debt             D. a hope
第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
                                              B
   When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother’s Chinese English.
Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at
banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously , did not give her good service ,
pretended not to understand her , or even acted as if they did not hear her .
      My mother has realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen,
she used to have me call people on phone to pretend I was she . I was forced to ask for
information or even to yell at people who had been rude to her. One time I had to call
her stockbroker (股票经纪人).I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing,
“This is Mrs. Tan..”
    And my mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, “Why he don’t send me
cheek already two week lone.”
     And then, in perfect English I said : “I’m getting rather concerned .You agreed to
send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn’t arrived.”
     Then she talked more loudly. “What he want? I come to New York tell him front of
his boss.” And so I turned to the stockbroker again, “I can’t tolerate any more excuse. If
I don’t receive the check immediately , I am going to have to speak to your manager
when I am in New York next week.”
     The next week we ended up in New York. While I was sitting there red-faced, my
mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English.
      When I was a teenager, my mother’s broken English embarrassed me. But now, I
see it differently. To me, my mother’s English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my
mother tongue. Her language, as I hear it, is vivid, direct, and full of observation and
wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way I saw things, expressed ideas,
and made sense of the world.
55.From Paragorph 2, we know that the author was                     .
A. good at pretending                         B. rude to the stockbroker
C. unwilling to phone for her mother              D. ready to help her mother
56.After the author made the phone call,                    .
A. they forgave the stockbroker          B. they went to New York immediately
C .they failed to get the check          D. they spoke to their boss at once
57.What does the author think of her mother’s English now?
A. It confuses her.                      B. It embarrasses her.
C .It helps her tolerate rude people.    D. It helps her understand the world.
58.We can inter from the passage that Chinese English                   .
A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers
B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers
C. may bring inconvenience in America
D. has a very bad reputation in America




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                                              C
      That “Monday morning feeling” could be a crushing pain in the chest which leaves
you sweating and gasping for breath. Recent research from Germany and Italy shows
that heart attacks are more common on Monday mornings and doctors blame the
stress of returning to work after the weekend break.
     The risk of having a heart attack on any given day should be one in seven, but a
six-year study helped by researchers at the Free University of Berlin of more than
2,600 Germans showed that the average person had a 20 per cent higher chance of
having a heart attack on a Monday than on any other day.
     Working Germans are particularly not protected against attack, with a 33 per cent
higher risk at the beginning of the working week. Non-workers, by comparison, appear
to be no more at risk on a Monday than any other day.
     A study of 11,000 Italians proved 8 am on a Monday morning as the most stressful
time for the heart, and both studies showed that Sunday is the least stressful day, with
fewer heart attacks in both countries.
     The findings could lead to a better understanding of what is the immediate cause of
heart attacks, according to Dr Stefan Willich of the Free University. “We know a lot
about long-term risk factors such as smoking and cholesterol(胆固醇)but we don’t
know what actually causes heart attacks, so we can’t give clear advice on how to
prevent them,” he said.
     Monday mornings have a double helping of stress for the working body as it makes
a rapid change from sleep to activity, and from the relaxing weekend to the pressures
of work.
     “When people get up, their blood pressure and heart rate go up and there are
hormonal(内分泌)changes in their bodies,” Willich explained. “All these things can
                                                                              (
have an unfavourable effect in the blood system and increase the risk of a clot 血凝块)
in the arteries(动脉)which will cause a heart attack.”
     “When people return to work after a weekend off, the pace of their life changes.
They have a higher workload, more stress, more anger and more physical activity,”
said Willich.
59.Monday morning feeling, as this passage shows,                    .
A. is not so serious as people thought
B. is harmful to working people in developed countries.
C. is the first killer in Germany and Italy.
D. is created by researchers in Germany and Italy
60.To protect people from suffering from heart attack, doctors have paid much
      attention to        .
A. people’s working time                       B. people’s living place
C. people’s diet and lifestyle                 D. people’s nationalities
61.It can be learned from this passage that heart attack has nothing to do with         .
A. blood pressure                              B. heart rate
C. hormonal changes                            D. blood group
62.If the researchers give us some advice to avoid Monday morning feeling, what
might it be?
A. Stop working on Monday               B. Create a pleasant working environment


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C. Get up late on Monday morning       D. Go to work with a doctor
                                                 D
    The huge Florida wetland known as the Everglades is a slow-moving river 80
kilometres wide but only a few centimeters deep. People call the Everglades a “river of
grass” because sawgrass covers most of it. Sawgrass is not really grass. It is a plant
that has leaves edged with tiny sharp teeth that can easily cut through clothes—and
skin!
     Travel in the Everglades is difficult. You cannot walk through shallow water
because the sawgrass will cut you. The water is too shallow for regular boats. So, we
use an airboat. An airboat is a flat, open boat. Like an airplane, it has a big propeller to
move it. The propeller is fixed on the rear of the boat. It makes a tremendous noise, but
it does the job. The boat skims along the water’s surface. Although we can still get lost
in an airboat, at least we are above the alligators(短吻鳄).
    While hundreds of different kinds of animals live in the Everglades, the most famous
is surely the alligator. Once endangered, alligators are now protected within
Everglades National Park. Visitors are likely to see them both on land and in water.
    For a long time, dangers have threatened the Everglades. Around 1900, some
people felt this precious wetland should be drained (排干). They said it was just a big
swamp and not good for anything. In the 1920s, there was a land boom in Florida.
People wanted to build homes everywhere, including in the Everglades. They built
canals, levees (防洪堤) , and other water systems that stopped the rivers flowing into
the Everglades. Factories were built near rivers that flowed into the wetland. These
factories dumped poisonous waste that damaged the Everglades ecosystem.

Right now, one big problem is the paperbark tree. This tree is an invader from Australia.
     Paperbark trees soak up a lot of water. In the early 1900s, people brought them to
Florida because they thought they would help drain the Everglades. However, the
invaders adapted too well. Paperbark trees have taken over hundreds of thousands of
acres of the Everglades and killed other trees. Scientists are cutting down these
invaders or spraying them with herbicides (除草剂
63. Which helps to explain why it is difficult to travel in Everglades?
    A. Airboats may make a very big noise.
    B. You may get lost when passing through.
    C. Paperbark trees soak up too much water there.
    D. Many different kinds of animals are to be protected.
64. Why do people use airboats instead of normal boats?
    A. They have big propellers to move them faster than alligators.
    B. The propeller makes loud noise so as to scare alligators.
    C. Their flat bottom can skim along the water surface.

65. The following measures were taken to drain the Everglades except that people




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    D. are cutting down these Paperbark tre

    A. that moves in from another place




                                              E
    Celebrity (名人) has become one of the most important representatives of popular
culture. Fans used to be crazy about a specific film, but now the public tends to base its
consumption (消费) on the interest of celebrity attached to any given product. Besides,
fashion magazines have almost abandoned (given up) the practice of putting models
on the cover because they don’t sell nearly as well as famous faces. As a result,
celebrities have realized their unbelievably powerful market potential, moving from
advertising for others’ products to developing their own.
    Celebrity clothing lines aren’t a completely new phenomenon, but in the past they
were typically aimed at the ordinary consumers, and limited to a few TV actresses.
Today they’re started by first-class stars whose products enjoy equal fame with some
world top brands. The most successful start-ups have been those by celebrities with
specific personal style. As celebrities become more and more experienced at the
market, they expand their production scale rapidly, covering almost all the products of
daily life.
    However, for every success story, there’s a related warning tale of a celebrity who
overvalued his consumer appeal. No matter how famous the product’s origin is, if it fails
to impress consumers with its own qualities it begins to resemble an exercise in
self-promotional marketing. And once the initial ( 最 初 的 ) attention dies down,
consumer interest might fade, loyalty returning to tried-and-true labels.
     Today, celebrities face even more severe embarrassment. The pop-cultural circle
 might be bigger than ever, but its rate of turnover has speeded up as well. Each
 misstep threatens to reduce a celebrity’s shelf life, and the same newspaper or
 magazine that once brought him fame has no problem picking him to pieces when the
 opportunity appears. Still, the ego’s(自我的)potential for expansion is limitless.
 Having already achieved great wealth and public recognition, many celebrities see
 fashion as the next frontier to be conquered. As the saying goes, success and failure
 always go hand in hand. Their success as designers might last only a short time, but
 fashion—like celebrity—has always been temporary.
67.Fashion magazines today               .
     A. seldom put models on the cover
     B. no longer put models on the cover
     C. need not worry about celebrities’ market potential
     D. judge the market potential of every celebrity correctly
68.A change in the consumer market can be found today that                 .
     A. price rather than brand name is more concerned
     B. producers prefer models to celebrities for advertisements
     C. producers prefer TV actresses to film stars for advertisements


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    D. quality rather than the outside of products is more concerned
69.The underlined sentence in paragraph 4 indicates that any wrong step will
possibly          .
    A. decrease the popularity of a celebrity and the sales of his products
    B. damage the image of a celebrity in the eyes of the general public
    C. cut short the artistic career of a celebrity in show business
    D. influence the price of a celebrity’s products
70.The passage is mainly about                .
    A. celebrity and personal style           B. celebrity and markets potential
    C. celebrity and fashion design           D. celebrity and clothing industry




第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节:完成句子(共 10 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 15 分)
    阅读下列各小题,根据括号内的汉语提示,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并
将答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。
71.  Expo 2010 Shanghai China ____________________ (在召开)on both banks of the
     Huangpu River in the city of Shanghai, China, from May 1 to October 31, 2010.
     (hold)
72.The official song of the 2010 World Cup in South Africa titled Waka Waka features
     many musical elements that_____________________ ( 追 溯 到 ) the ancient
     times.(date)
73.He looks sleepy. He must_____________ (熬夜了)last night, writing the essay.
(stay)
74.— Is Bob still performing?
    — I’m afraid not. He is said ______________(离开)the stage already as he has
      become an official.(leave)
75._________________ (适应) the tropical heat was more difficult than they had
     expected. (adjust)
76.When the survivor woke up, he wanted to know          ____________         (是谁)
     that saved him from that burning house. (who)
77.The more ways we have of looking at a problem , ____________________ (越
     有可能)that we can find a solution. (likely)
78 . His younger sister teaches in a secondary school, in front of
     _______________          (流淌着一条小河). (flow)
79 . It is possible that the King of Stonehenge was linked to the stones:
       he __________________
    (很可能参与了) in planning the monument, or in helping transport and pull up the
      stones. (hand)
80 . Representatives attending Copenhagen Conference recommended that
     _______________         (采取严厉措施) to reduce carbon emission. (take)




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