Objective/Purpose of the Assignment by 3gz600u

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									                                     Terms of Reference:
 Access to Energy Expert – Preparing a Standard and Certification for Fiberglass Biodigesters in
                                          Bangladesh

                        (International, 30 working-days, intermittent over 3 months)

Objective/Purpose of the Assignment
ADB’s Energy Policy identifies access to energy as one of three pillars for ADB’s overall support to the
energy sector. ADB’s Energy for All Initiative supports this policy by developing innovative approaches
for scaling up access to energy for the poor. The Energy for All Initiative is financed through the regional
technical assistance, Empowering the Poor through Increasing Access to Energy.

In 2009 ADB launched the Energy for All Partnership as a regional platform for bringing together a wide
range of stakeholders to collaborate on expanding access to energy for the poor. The partnership
supports several thematic and technology-focused working groups led by partners, including a working
group on domestic biogas convened by SNV Netherlands Development Organisation. The working group
has a target to install 1 million quality domestic biogas digesters in Asia and the Pacific by 2016. The
working group also serves as a platform for the exchange of information and best practices between
countries.

In Bangladesh, the Infrastructure Development Company, Ltd (IDCOL) is implementing the National
Domestic Biogas and Manure Programme (NDBMP) with technical assistance from SNV Netherlands
Development Organisation. The overall objective of the NDBMP is to further develop and disseminate
domestic biogas plants in rural areas and to establish a sustainable and commercial biogas sector in
Bangladesh. More than 17,000 domestic biogas plants have been constructed under the program to date
with a target to establish 150,000 biogas plants by 2016.

The potential market for domestic biogas plants in Bangladesh, estimated to be at least 900,000 units,
remains largely untapped. The current plant model is based on construction on-site using traditional
construction materials like cement and bricks. Fiberglass biodigesters have been promoted in China and
have demonstrated some comparative advantages over the fixed dome on-site construction model. Due
to its high population density, relatively well developed infrastructure and low labor costs, Bangladesh
has high potential to market pre-fabricated biogas plants. Recently, some private enterprises have taken
steps to promote fiberglass biodigesters in Bangladesh. To merit consideration for marketing under
NDBMP, further work is required to develop a standard for fiberglass biodigestors in Bangladesh and a
procedure for certification under NDBMP. ADB, supporting the NDBMP through the Energy for All
Partnership, requires the services of a biogas expert to prepare a standard and certification procedure for
fiberglass biodigesters in Bangladesh, which may also be replicated in other ADB DMCs.

Scope of Work
The biogas expert will review existing literature and experience related to the use of pre-fabricated
fiberglass biodigesters to develop a standard (including technical specifications, test methods and
procedures) for prefabricated domestic biogas plants (whole plant and partial plant) made of fiberglass-
reinforced materials, targeted at governing/regulating the production, installation, and use of fiberglass
biogas digesters in Bangladesh.

Detailed Tasks
The consultant will have the following responsibilities:

(i) Review existing standards for fiberglass biodigesters in other countries and translate standards into
English, if required, to understand existing norms/specifications relating to:
      specific technical requirements along with physical and chemical features of the materials
      structure of pre-fabricated biodigesters



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       experiment methods and testing regulations
       appropriate methods for fiberglass molding
       minimum strength, reliability, water and gas tightness

(ii) Through literature review and consultation with technical experts, evaluate and analyse the existing
designs and models of prefabricated fiberglass biodigesters considering the following factors, and, if
necessary, recommend design(s) suitable for Bangladesh:
       Climatic and geo-physical parameters
            • Ambient temperature
            • Geo-physical conditions of the soil
            • Condition of ground water-table
            • Geological stability; problems of landslides, flooding, earthquake etc.
       Technological Parameters
            • Structural strength against different load conditions (structural durability)
            • Methods of construction/supervision
            • Time and effort in quality control
            • Methods of operation and maintenance
            • Applicability/adoptability of the design in different geographical context for mass
                      dissemination
            • Prospects for sharing of technical information and know-how
       Affordability of potential farmers to install biogas plant
            • Availability of construction materials
            • Availability of human resources (skilled and unskilled) at the local level
            • Cost of installation, operation and maintenance
            • Transportation facilities
       Performance of existing models, if any, in the local and/or regional conditions
            • Existing physical status and functioning
            • User's level of satisfaction
       Quality and quantity of available feeding materials
            • Type of feeding materials (cattle dung, poultry droppings, human excreta etc.)
            • Availability of water for mixing
            • No. of cattle/poultry birds per household

(iii) Visit the existing manufacturing facilities as well as households where prefabricated fiberglass
biodigesters have been in operation.

(iv) Based on the above, and referring to other standards wherever applicable, draft a standard for
prefabricated domestic biogas plants made of fiberglass-reinforced materials, targeted at
governing/regulating the production, installation, and use of fiberglass biogas digesters in Bangladesh.
The standard should emphasise use of local material, cost effectiveness and user friendliness.

(v) Prepare recommendations and general guidelines on the standardization processes, including
development, implementation, and enforcement

(vi) Prepare recommendations and general guidelines on the certification of fiberglass biogas digesters
(products and processes) and installation for domestic use

(vii) Conduct a stakeholder consultation workshop on the technical standard and certification process
with relevant stakeholders representing IDCOL, SNV, the NDBMP, biogas technology suppliers and
service providers, and users

(viii) Submit draft standard and certification guidelines to the Steering Committee of the NDBMP for
endorsement.




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Work and Output/Reporting Requirements
The Consultant will provide inputs of 30 working days over a period of 3 months. The assignment will be
based in Dhaka, Bangladesh and may require travel within Bangladesh. There will be regular
communications between the consultant and the NDBMP officials through phone and email to discuss
issues that may come up while carrying out the assignment.

The consultant will work in close cooperation and coordination with Technical Committee of NDBMP who
will be responsible to recommend the final document to NDBMP Steering Committee. The consultant will
also be supported by the officials of the NDBMP and its partner organizations as required.

The assignment requires an expert with technical understanding of and experience with domestic biogas.
The consultant should preferably have at least a post-graduate degree in engineering or its equivalent.
Relevant experience and other requirements include:
•      Suitability to undertake the responsibilities mentioned above at the required level
•      At least 10 years of relevant professional experience in the related assignments
•      Excellent oral and written communication skills in English

The output/report requirements are as follows:

    (i) Literature review of existing standards and evaluation and analysis of existing designs and
          models of prefabricated fiberglass biodigesters within 1 month
    (ii) Draft standard for Bangladesh within 1.5 months
    (iii) Recommendations and guidelines on the standardization and certification processes within 2
          months
    (iv) Stakeholder consultation workshop within 2 months
    (v) Draft standard and certification guidelines reviewed by ADB, SNV, IDCOL and the NDBMP, and
          submitted to the Steering Committee of the NDBMP for endorsement within 3 months

The expert will report to the Project Officer under the overall guidance of the Director, Sustainable
Infrastructure Division.




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