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					Things you might not know about

       El Paso
Unless you attend this session
     By:
 Kevin Collier
 Erika Liebel
Saul Martinez
El Paso: 1880’s-1910
                        Sin City
 1880-1915
 “Sporting Center” –
     Gambling, dance halls
     & prostitution
 “Vice for a Price”
 “The Line”
                    El Paso Herald
"Here amid the clinking of beer glasses and vulgarity, drunken men,
reeling and yelling, danced with Mexican women to the strains of the
devil's music, staggering between the dances to the bar for liquid
refreshments and enthusiasm. Women, long since sunk from
respectability, joined the terrible brawl. Hair streaming in masses of
disorder, dresses rent by the yanking and howling of the intoxicated men,
and lending their shrill voices to complete the chaos of debauchery. Here
and there were stretched out men overcome with liquor, while the
wooden benches surrounding the apartment were occupied by burly
sons of toil holding upon their laps these women of prostitution."
        “Six Shooter Capitol”

 Guns
 Gambling
 Gunfighters
           “Sin City”
Lariats
Lawmen
Ladies
                       The Guns


 Winchester Rifle                  Coach Gun




Smith & Wesson No. 3              Colt Peacemaker
The Gambling
            Saloons
            Faro
            Poker
            Dice
               The Gunfighters


John Selman   Billy the Kid


                              John Wesley Hardin
            More Gunfighters




Butch Cassidy    Sundance Kid   Sam Bass
The Cowboys
              The Lawmen


Pat Garrett                        Texas Rangers


              Dallas Stoudenmire
                    More Lawmen?



John Selman Sr.      George Scarbrough      Bass L. Outlaw
       ?                     ?                    ?
El Paso Constable      US Deputy Marshall    Texas Ranger
      The Ladies


The   Big      Five
                           Tillie Howard
Arrived early 1890’s
 Mansion on “The Line”
 Poor German immigrant
 Orphaned young
 Rode the rails for years
 Kind-hearted, well-mannered
 Died April 9, 1911
Gypsy Davenport
         New York Native
         Raised in Davenport, Iowa
         1894 – Framed Alice Abbott
         Lawsuit – Alice wins back
                 property
         Unscrupulous business practices
         Disappeared after 1900
         Returned to El Paso in 1920 to
                 settle property
         Died January 22, 1920 of
        morphine addiction and edema
May Palmer
     Born 1867 – Wealthy Chicago Family
     Mary Elizabeth Eisenmenger
     Lucrative brothels – Chicago, Salt Lake
            City, Tucson
     Opened Madame Palmer’s Gentlemen’s
            Club on Utah St
     Married James Harlan “Pete” Adams -
            1908
     Died March 24, 1918 of pancreatic
            and pelvic cancer
     Buried in El Paso’s Evergreen Cemetery
“Big Alice” Abbott
          Arrived with RR – 1881- age 27
           Thought to be from Kentucky
           Reasons for coming to El Paso –
                 unknown
           6’ tall, 195 lbs
           Owned Mansion on Utah St
           Died April 7, 1896
                      Etta Clark
The “Pistolier of 1886”
Voluptuous, hot-tempered, red
     head
 Prominent French-Canadian
     family
 Mansion across from Big
     Alice
            The Stories - 1886
Hired girls away from other madams
Tension and Anger between Madams
Bessie Colvin – left Alice
Alice “stormed” to Etta’s house
Etta shot Alice
 El Paso Herald “Public” Arch Story
 Sensational Trial
 Case dropped                         Etta Clark’s Parlor
                  2 Years Later
 Aliceburns Etta’s house
     down
 Evidence inconclusive
 Alice released – No
     consequences
                          Results
 Paved Streets
 Salaries for Police and other Civic Officials
 Public Library
 Philanthropic Activities
 Theaters
 Gentlemen’s Clubs - Business
Mexican Revolution
   and El Paso
    1910-1920
 Mexican
Revolution
                Three Presidents




Porfirio Diaz      Francisco Madero Venustiano Carranza
         Three Revolutionaries




Emiliano Zapata   Pascual Orozco   Francisco “Pancho” Villa
                Three Generals




Victoriano Huerta   John Pershing   Alvaro Obregón
          Alhambra Theater
            (209 S. El Paso St.)




   Catered to Mexican exile community
Shelton-Payne Arms Company
  (Merrick Building, 301 S. El Paso St.)




 Supplied arms and ammunition to all
factions of the revolution.
             La Patria Newspaper
                     (317 S. El Paso St.)




 Silvestre Terrazas operated revolutionary newspaper
 Helped Pancho Villa smuggle arms
 1914 Villa appointed Terrazas interim governor of Chihuahua
                   Teatro Alcazar
                     (506 S. El Paso St.)




 Owners Ike & Frank Alderete stored weapons in basement for
Huertistas
 Alderetes, Pascual Orozco & Victoriano Huerta were tried in Federal
Courthouse in El Paso for violating US neutrality laws.
                El Paso Laundry
                  (901 S. Santa Fe St.)




 Rooftop provided front-row seats for major revolution battles
Bullet holes in walls
 Presidents William Taft and Porfirio Diaz met in front and were
given keys to the city
     El Paso del Norte Newspaper
                   (609 S. Oregon St.)




 This newspaper disseminated the propaganda of the revolution
from 1915-1919 to El Paso’s Spanish speaking community
                Caples Building
               (300 S. San Antonio St.)




 1911 Francisco Madero used offices 507-508 as the official
headquarters of the Revolution
 Pancho Villa was recruited by Chihuahua Governor Abraham
Gonzalez from this office.
               Elite Confectionary
                      (201 N. Mesa St.)




 1911 Pancho Villa and Pascual Orozco sat for the last photo of them
together.
 Villa visited this establishment daily and ordered chocolate-covered
ice cream baseballs and strawberry soda during his exile in the US
       Roberts-Banner Building
                    (114-120 Mills St.)




 1912 housed more than 200 Mexican spies working for 3
different agencies under the direction of Sgt Powell Roberts
               Anson Mills Building
                     (303 N. Oregon St.)




 Rooftop provided a “safe” place to watch the revolutionary activities
 1913 Junta headquarters for constructionalistas
 Huertista federal forces threatened to blow up the building if the US
granted Pancho Villa permission to import arms to Mexico
    Popular Dry Goods Company
                  (301 San Antonio St.)




 Provided non-munition supplies to both sides of the revolution
 Once both revolutionaires and federales were shopping at the
same time in the store.
                      Toltec Club
                  (602 Magoffin Ave.)




 Francisco Madero was toastmaster in 1913
 Victory banquet for Madero in 1911
 Pancho Villa rented 1st floor for smuggling munitions
              Sacred Heart Church
                     (610 S. Oregon St.)




 1912 Orozquistas counterrevolutionaries kidnapped Fr Carlos Pinto –
demanded $3000, then $2000, then $500 finally Fr Pinto paid $100 for
his own release.
Civil Rights
     In
  El Paso
1866-1877
    Salt War
    Denied Access to
   salt
    Texas Rangers
   side with Anglos
                      1888


 Dr Ida Bishop was first woman to practice medicine in Texas
 The Sheldon Building housed Dr Bishop’s office until 1910
1915
  First NAACP
  branch established in
  Texas, El Paso
   Became civil rights
  advocate after 10
  lynchings – 1909
1921
   C.C. Kellog set up 1st KKK office
  in the Sheldon Hotel
   Anglos became frightened by
  anti-American sentiment in
  Mexico after the Revolution
   Klan controlled the Herald Post
  & published an editorial on the
  Klan’s goals in El Paso
   Focused on eliminating crime
   Klan members ran for the
  school board
   Renamed schools after Texas
  heroes.
                       1924
 Lawrence Nixon denied
  right to vote in primary
  election
 1927 Nixon v Herndon
  (Justice Oliver Wendell
  Holmes)
 1932 Nixon v Condon
  (Justice Benjamin
  Cardozo)
 July 22, 1944 Finally
  voted in primary
1955-1956
     • TWC 1st Public
       University to admit
       blacks (Thelma
       White)
     • TWC 1st University in
       the Confederate
       South to allow
       African-Americans to
       play a major sport
       (Charlie Brown)
                    1957
• Raymond Telles
  elected 1st Hispanic
  mayor of a major
  city in the US
• Ambassador to
  Honduras
1961
  • TWC trains first
    Peace Corps
    volunteer
                      1962
• Bert Williams
  introduces first Anti-
  discrimination law in
  public places in Texas
  (US)
• 2 years before Civil
  Rights Act was
  enacted in US
1966
  • TWC 1st major
    University to start an
    all African –American
    lineup
  • Defeated all white U.
    Kentucky team
  • Don Haskins
  • NCAA basketball
    champions
                      1968
• El Paso based golfer
  Lee Trevino wins US
  Open
• First minority to win
  a major golf
  championship
1970
  • Chesley Karr sues
    EPISD
  • Denied enrollment
    due to hair below
    collar
  • US Supreme Court
    sided with Karr
  • Set precedent against
    Uniform policy
                     1971
• MECHA members
  take over UTEP
  Administration
  Building
• Chicano studies dept.
  established
• 1st Mexican-American
  faculty hired
1981
  • El Paso native
    Sandra Day O’Connor
    appointed 1st woman
    on US Supreme Court
                     2009
• Homosexual couple
  ousted from local
  eatery for kissing in
  public
• El Paso City Council
  approves anti-
  discrimination ban on
  sexual orientation by
  businesses open to the
  public
2010
  • July – Gay and
    unmarried
    heterosexual partners
    of city employees
    given benefits by city
    council
  • Nov – Voters rescind
    benefits to gay and
    unmarried
    heterosexual partners
              Contact Us
 kmcollie@episd.org
 eliebel@episd.org
 smartine@episd.org
 Power point available at:
 http://liebel.biz
 (power point presentations – El Paso
 Presentation)
                             References
                        (El Paso 1880-1910)
•   http://ramblingbob.wordpress.com/2008/07/02/old-west-prostitutes-the-public-
    arch-shooting   /
•   http://disc.yourwebapps.com/discussion.cgi?disc=206425;article=43986;title=%22
    TEXAS%2C%20by%20%20GOD%22and%20The%20Twin%20Territories%20%2C%20
    NM%20and
•   http://dnn.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/18_sarah_bowman.htm
•   http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hde01
•   http://dnn.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/20_rival_madams.htm
•   http://dnn.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/24/davenport.htm
•   Abernathy, FE. (1994) Legendary Ladies of Texas, Issue 53. pp.132-136. Texas
          Folklore Society/Nacodoches, Texas.
•   http://borderlandrhetorics.pbworks.com/w/page/7141455/Zones-of-Tolerance-
    Bodies-of-Tolerance
•   http://www.farwest.it/?p=5480
                           References
                    (Mexican Revolution)
http://dnn.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/28/toltec_2010_pg%2016.
pdf
 http://www.ci.el-
paso.tx.us/library/ourlibraries/main_library/historical/toltec_club.asp
 http://faculty.utep.edu/Portals/1649/3390PH/RomoMexRevSites.pdf
 http://www.elpasotimes.com/ci_16524568

http://www.emersonkent.com/wars_and_battles_in_history/mexican_re
volution.htm
 http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/2824-the-mexican-revolution-
1910
 Metz, L. 1993. El Paso Chronicles; A record of historical events in El
        Paso, Texas.
 Romo, D. 2005. Ringside Seat to a Revolution; An underground
        cultural history of El Paso and Juarez: 1893-1923.
 Worthington, P. 2010. Images of America; El Paso and the Mexican
        Revolution.
                              References
                             (Civil Rights)
•   http://speakequal.com/domestic-partners-receive-health-care-benefits-in-el-paso-tx/
•   http://naacp.mochaenterprises.com/President.html
•   http://dnn.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/14_first_hispanic_mayor.htm
•   http://utepathletics.cstv.com/genrel/102308aac.html
•   http://dnn.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/21_6_1.jpg
•   http://dnn.epcc.edu/nwlibrary/borderlands/21_ku_klux_klan.htm
•   http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://thestartingfive.net/wp-
    content/uploads/2008/09/1966.jpg&imgrefurl=http://thestartingfive.net/2008/09/08/pioneer-
    don-haskins-dies-at-
    78/&usg=__xyMy7P7lWL5mNIJcYfpbreztCus=&h=792&w=1024&sz=118&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&
    tbnid=Lcmj-
    rlUfM1KqM:&tbnh=143&tbnw=197&prev=/images%3Fq%3D1966%2Bminers%26um%3D1%26hl%
    3Den%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1241%26bih%3D735%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=
    139&vpy=85&dur=4694&hovh=197&hovw=255&tx=173&ty=142&ei=Ff33TNC0MoaKlwfXwYmMAg
    &oei=Ff33TNC0MoaKlwfXwYmMAg&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0
•   http://www.utep.edu/90thanniversary/timeline/history.aspx?decade=1980
•   http://www.utep.edu/90thanniversary/timeline/history.aspx?decade=1970
•    http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/jcs01
•    http://www.ahcuah.com/lawsuit/federal/karr.htm

				
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