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Division of Community Corrections Using the Risk and Needs Assessments to Create Comprehensive Case Plans August 2010 Anne Precythe and Karen Buck Today’s Objectives Overview Using the Summary Report To identify criminogenic needs To prioritize To begin case planning Using the case plan to track interventions and strategies Group Exercise Sharing the case plan 2010 and Beyond Where are WE going… Vision: Return to the Basics of Supervision It’s a Human Behavior and Relationship Business Culture of Respect in ALL of our Divisions Instill and Sustain a Customer Service Approach Intervene in the Cycle of Failure Empower the PPO and CPPO How do we do this? Implementing a common sense risk management approach to supervision…called EBP Thoughts = Actions = Behavior & Habits = Character 8 Principles of Evidence Based Practices Assess Actuarial Risk Enhance Intrinsic Motivation Target Interventions Skill Train with Directed Practice Increase Positive Reinforcement Engage ongoing Support in Natural Communities Measure Relevant Processes/Practices Provide Measurement Feedback Evidence-based Practices Major Issues Risk Assessment Needs Assessment Supervision Levels Based on Risk and Needs Minimum Contact Standards Addressing Noncompliance Verification of OTI Scores An Overview Research/Best Practice suggest re-arrest is most appropriate risk measure Offender Traits Inventory – Subset of Wisconsin Risk Instrument; used since 1974; widely validated Offenders were most likely to be rearrested in first 150 days of supervision. Risk Scores Recommended Supervision Levels Level Average Risk OTI Range Minimum 9% 00-15 Low 14% 16-25 Moderate 23% 26-35 High 31% 36+ Determining Offender Needs Offender Self Report and Officer Interview and Impressions measure needs Big Four Antisocial Values: Offender Self Report Criminal Peers: Offender Self Report and Officer Interview Antisocial Personality: Offender Self Report Dysfunctional Family: Offender Self Report and Officer Interview Lesser Two Substance Abuse: Offender Self Report and Officer Interview Self-Control: Offender Self Report and Officer Interview Determining Offender Needs Other Important Case Plan Information Motivation: Offender Self Report Employment: Offender Self Report and Officer Interview School: Offender Self Report and Officer Interview Financial: Offender Self Report and Officer Interview Determining Offender Needs Level of Need Level 1: Extreme Need Both Criminal Peers and Dysfunctional Family or Juvenile Record Level 2: High Need Two or more of Big Four criminogenic needs (antisocial values, criminal peers, antisocial personality, or dysfunctional family) or Mental Health Level 1 (potential suicide) Level 3: Moderate Need One of the Big Four criminogenic needs and both of the lesser criminogenic needs (substance abuse or low self-control) or Mental Health Level 2 (potential for serious mental health illness) Level 4: Low Need One of the non-criminogenic needs associated with criminal behavior (employment, school, financial) or either of the lesser criminogenic needs (substance abuse, low self-control) or only one Big Four need or Mental Health Level 3 (potential for mental health disorder) Level 5: Minimal Need No criminogenic needs identified Determining Supervision Level Combining Risk and Needs Supervision Level L1 L2 L3 L4 L5 Estimated Offenders 9,054 33,218 33,109 31,249 6,989 Percent 8.0% 29.2% 29.1% 27.5% 6.2% RISK HIGH MODERATE LOW MINIMAL EXTREME 7.7% 8.3% 5.8% 1.7% 23.4% HIGH 1 19.4% NEEDS 7,37 3, 38.8% MODERATE LOW 1,017 14.7% MINIMAL 333 3.6% 20.9% 32.3% 32.2% 14.6% Statewide DTC Population by New Supervision Levels (as of 7/10/10) 250 227 200 151 Offenders 150 93 100 81 50 18 0 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Supervision Level Contact Definitions Purposes/Types of Contacts An offender management contact is conducted in order to address compliance with the conditions of supervision and any needs identified in the case plan, and engages the offender with effective and meaningful supervision practices. A curfew contact is used to monitor and control an offender’s activities and behavior by requiring the offender to remain in a specified place for a specified period each day. A home contact is conducted in order to assess the offender’s living conditions, to address compliance with the conditions of supervision and any needs identified in the case plan, and encourages household involvement and support during the period of supervision. Tools of the Trade Supervision Plan Treatment Plan Behavioral Contract “The best way to monitor progress is to use the Case Plan as your guide. The Case Plan gives the Probation Officers a template to ensure that an emphasis is placed on reducing criminogenic targets and the probationers adhere to the court order” Revised from-Cite ORBIS inc. (Motivation Interviewing, Hampton-Newport News Criminal Justice Agency Lesson Plan, ibid. p. 25) Case Planning What is it all about? Cornerstone of offender supervision “Road map” to completing supervision Provides offender and officer accountability Completing tasks from appt. to appt. Documents Achievements, Incentives and Consequences Better outcome measures Case Planning What are the Benefits? More cordial, productive offender- officer conversation. Provides evidence of successful strategies, includes overall picture and summary of the offender. Provides proof of DTC Team’s efforts to assist offender complete supervision. Group Exercise Review the criminogenic need Discuss as a team and decide what are the action steps required to address the need and prioritize the first two Is there a time frame required 10 minutes Refer to Handout – pages 5 & 6 Report out QUESTIONS?
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