Policy Implementation by gUK8Me


									Modification of Interagency Strategy for
the Implementation of Federal Wildland
         Fire Management Policy

              February 2009

      Evolving Fire Management Opportunities
   Purpose & Objectives
• Review fire policy evolution and
  the 2001 Federal Wildland Fire
  Management Policy
• Examine the Federal Wildland
  Fire Management Policy
  Implementation Strategy
      Wildland Fire Policy
• Evolving Process
  – Fire control
  – Fire management
• Recent Policy Reviews
  –   1989
  –   1995
  –   2001
  –   2003
  –   2008
National Fire Policy Evolution
• Agency Directors for NPS, FWS,
• Under Secretary USDA
• Chief, USFS
• Associate Deputy Secretary, DOI
• US Fire Administrator
• Designated tribal representative
• Western Governors
• National county representative
• National Fire District representative
    Wildland Fire Policy
• Why review the policy
  – Interagency cooperation and
  – Escalating fire suppression costs
  – Confusion about policy
  – Issues where policy
    implementation conflicted with
    Wildland Fire Policy
• What is it all about
  – Nine guiding principles important
    to success
  – Seventeen Federal Wildland Fire
    Management Policies
    • Qualifying statements
  Guiding Principles
1. Firefighter and public safety is
   the first priority in every fire
   management activity.
2. The role of wildland fire as an
   essential ecological process and
   natural agent of change will be
   incorporated into the planning
3. Fire Management Plans, programs,
   and activities support land and
   resource management plans and
   their implementation.
Guiding Principles (cont.)
 4. Sound risk management is a
    foundation for all fire
    management activities.
 5. Fire management programs
    and activities are
    economically viable, based
    on values to be protected,
    costs, and land and
    resource management
Guiding Principles (cont.)
 6. Fire Management Plans¹
    are based on the best
    available science.
 7. Fire Management Plans¹
    incorporate public health
    and environmental quality

¹Fire Management Plans is a generic term referring to
unit level strategic plans for wildland fire and known by
the names of Land, Resource and Fire Management Plans
Guiding Principles (cont.)
 8. Federal, state, tribal, and
    local interagency
    coordination and
    cooperation are essential.
 9. Standardization of policies
    and procedures among
    federal agencies is an
    ongoing objective.
     Policy Statements
1. Safety
2. Fire Management and
   Ecosystem Sustainability
3. Response to Wildland Fire
4. Use of Wildland Fire
5. Rehabilitation and Restoration
6. Protection Priorities
Policy Statements (cont.)
7. Wildland Urban Interface
8. Planning
9. Science
Policy Statements (cont.)
14.Interagency Cooperation
15.Communication and Education
16.Agency Administrator and
  Employee Roles
National Fire Policy Evolution
• Modification of Federal Wildland Fire
  Policy Implementation:
• “Wildland fires can be managed for
  one or more objective(s) based on
  Land/Resource Management Plan
• “When 2 or more wildland fires burn
  together they will be handled as a
  single wildland fire & may be managed
  for one or more objectives based on
  the Land/Resource Management Plan
  direction as an event moves across the
  landscape and fuels and weather
  conditions change.”
National Fire Policy Evolution
• “Every wildland fire will be assessed
  following a decision support process that
  examines the full range of responses.
  The system currently being developed
  and prototyped is known as the Wildland
  Fire Decision Support System (WFDSS)
• Once a Rx fire no longer meets resource
  objectives stated specifically in the Rx
  Fire Plan/project level NEPA & declared
  a wildfire, it receives the same
  reassessment & selection of response
• Initial response to human-
  caused wildfire will continue to
  be suppressed at the lowest
  cost with the fewest negative
  consequences with respect to
  firefighter and public safety
   Understanding the
 Implementation Changes
     What the changes ARE:
• a more cohesive way of
  approaching wildland fire
• a foundation to facilitate more
  efficient operations
• a program of action that prompts
  concurrent use of all viable
  management strategies
    Understanding the
  Implementation Changes
      What the changes ARE:

• a means to greater balance in
  the wildland fire program
• a means to greater efficiency
• a means to greater attention
  to ecological concerns
   Understanding the
 Implementation Changes
      What the changes ARE:
• a program of action that does
  not automatically place priority
  on one strategy over another
  without analysis of specific
• a common planning process for
  all agencies, resulting in one
  plan across agency boundaries
     Understanding the
   Implementation Changes
 What the new implementation of policy
              IS NOT:

• a less safe method of managing
  wildland fires
• a significant change in what we do
• a wholesale shift to “let burn”
• a change in policy
                   Next Steps
• Development of implementation
  – Issue in early CY 2009
  – Incorporate into “Red Book” & “Blue Book” in

• Each agency to implement as capability
  allows – land management plans and
  management capacity

• Begin use of WDFSS as tools, data, and
  training allow
  – Continue use of stand alone Wildland Fire
    Situation Analysis (WFSA) and Wildland Fire
    Implementation Plan (WFIP) as needed
         Implementation Strategy
            Changes for 2009
• Eliminate the distinction between wildland
  fire use and wildfire.
   – Wildland fires will be differentiated by
     whether the ignition is planned or
   – Wildfire = unplanned
   – Prescribed Fire = planned
• Recommendations from 2008 “test” will be
  included in new implementation strategy
• Changes will be consistent with the 2001
  Federal Wildland Policy language
• Implementation strategy will clarify
        Outcomes of the Test
• Test forests and DOI units indicated that
  the increased flexibility in managing
  unplanned ignitions was very helpful.
  – More fire on the landscape achieving benefits
  – Opportunities to be more transparent with
    cooperators, stakeholders and the public

• Lessons learned for implementation
  – Need simple terms
  – Need aggressive communication and education
    program – both internal and external

• Recommendations to go further in modifying
  – Eliminate Wildland Fire Use as a category
• WFLC Memo - 5/2008
• NWCG Memo - 1/2009
• Policy Implementation Strategy
  released mid to late February
• Include Communication Plan
• Agency specific guidance for
  rollout to their units
Issues Needing Resolution

Terminology                  Select terms which are
                             transparent, avoid
                             development of many new

Internal Communication and   Ensure agency employees
Education                    understand accept and
                             support changes to
                             implementation strategy

External Communication and   Develop “campaign’ to
Education                    ensure understanding by
                             cooperators and the public
 Issues Needing Resolution
Training requirements         Evaluate S 580 as a
                              requirement; evaluate
                              additions/amendments to
                              other skill position training
Skill position requirements   Evaluate FUMAs, FEMOs,
                              LTANs, FBANs, FUMTs,
                              FUMs for required versus
                              optional staffing on wildfires
                              of differing complexities
Smoke management              Work with agency air quality
requirements                  specialists and regulatory
                              agencies to develop
Wildfires with “resource      Linkages to LRMPs/FMPs;
benefit” objectives           other requirements???
   “We have never been
limited by policy, only by
       our ability”
   – old fire dog, 2008


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