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					THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                        MANITOBA – GRADE 10
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas


             Resource Use – From Sustenance to Sustainability

Lesson Overview
Students will research how societies’ use of natural resources has changed over time with the past
being focussed on sustenance/survival to the present being centred on sustainability and survival.


Grade Level
Grade 10 – high school


Time Required
120 Minutes (2 x 60 minute periods)


Curriculum Connection (Province and course)
Manitoba Grade 10 – Cluster 2 (Natural Resources)


Link to Canadian Atlas Online
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas/


Additional Resources, Materials and Equipment Required
      Computers with Internet access
      LCD projector
      Microsoft Word
      Map of Natural Resources in Manitoba – attached
      Sustainable Development – attached
      Essay Assessment – attached
Main Objective
      To have students learn what natural resources are located in the province of Manitoba
      To have students do a historical comparison of natural resource use in the province over the
       years
      To have students realize why they should care about natural resource consumption
Learning Outcomes
By the end of the lesson, students will:
      Be able to access and navigate websites needed to undertake research
      Be more familiar with Manitoba’s use of natural resources over the years
      Know where natural resources in the province of Manitoba are primarily located
      Be able to justify why it is important for natural resource consumers to care about their use



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THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                     MANITOBA – GRADE 10
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas
The Lesson
                                The Lesson
                             Teacher Activity              Student Activity
Introduction              Brainstorm a list of what     Students respond to
                          students think natural        brainstorming question.
                          resources are.
                          Write their suggestions on
                          the board.
                          Note: it is common for
                          students to think of
                          minerals when referring to
                          natural resources, but
                          they should be aware that
                          resources include a variety
                          of other things including
                          soils, water, flora and
                          fauna.
Lesson Development        Distribute two copies of      Students use map
                          Manitoba maps to each         handouts and indicate
                          student [Appendix A. Map      major resources from the
                          of Manitoba].                 past on first one and from
                                                        the present on the second
                          Advise students they are
                                                        one using sites provided.
                          going to complete
                          research on natural
                          resources in the province
                                                        Students identify areas on
                          of Manitoba, from the
                                                        map where natural
                          present and in the past in
                                                        resources existed in the
                          order to make
                                                        past.
                          comparisons on use.
                          Identify major resources
                          from the province in the      Students identify areas on
                          past on map provided (use     map where natural
                          Canadian Atlas Online         resources exist in the
                          map).                         present.

                          Identify major resources
                          from the province at          Students participate in
                          present on map provided.      discussion.
                          Discuss how things have
                          changed with respect to
                          resource use from past to     Students respond orally to
                          present.                      question.

                          Introduce the notion of
                          sustainable development
                          to the class [Appendix B.
                          Handout on Sustainable

                                                                                                2
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                     MANITOBA – GRADE 10
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas
                            Development]
                            Teacher asks students
                            what sustainable
                            development means to
                            them.




Conclusion                  Teacher advises students      Students prepare their
                            they are going to write an    essays. [Teacher may wish
                            essay on sustainable          to give students Appendix
                            development and what it       C. Essay Assessment as a
                            means to them, describing     template]
                            the following:
                                -What is sustainable
                                development,
                                -what it means to you,
                                personally,
                                -why it is important to
                                consider sustainable
                                development,
                                -what is currently
                                being done in Manitoba
                                to ensure it, and
                                -possible personal
                                solutions.
                            Teacher uses handout to
                            assess essay.


Lesson Extension
      Invite speaker from the International Institute of Sustainable Development (IISD) to come and
       speak to the class on the topic
       6-161 Portage Avenue East
       Winnipeg, MB

                                                                                                       3
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                         MANITOBA – GRADE 10
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas
       R3B 2L6
       204-958-7700
      Take a field trip to a local mine, water treatment plant, pulp and paper mill
Assessment of Student Learning
      Evaluate essays using tool provided



Further Reading
http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php - create your own rubric for assessment
http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/esd/index.html - education for sustainable development website with
MECY
http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/socstud/frame_found_sr2/cluster2.pdf - MECY grade 10 Social
Studies curriculum
http://www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/forestry/forest-education/general.html - Manitoba forestry website
http://geology.com/canada/manitoba.shtml - Manitoba lakes, rivers and streams
http://www.gov.mb.ca/stem/mrd/min-ed/minfacts/mbhistory/aroundmb.html - mining in Manitoba
http://www.historicalatlas.ca/website/hacolp/browse.htm - resource development over the ages (not
uploaded yet)


Link to Canadian National Standards for Geography
Essential Element #2 – Places and Regions
      Changes in places and regions over time
      Critical issues and problems of places and regions
Essential Element #5 – Environment and Society
      Global effects of human modification of the physical environment
      World patterns of resource distribution and utilization
      Use and sustainability of resources
Geographic Skill #1 – Asking Geographic Information
      Plan and organize a geographic research project (eg. Specify a problem, pose a research
       question or hypothesis and identify data sources)
Geographic Skill #2 – Acquiring Geographic Information
      Locate and gather geographic information from a variety of primary and secondary resources
Geographic Skill #3 – Organizing Geographic Information
      Use a variety of media to develop and organize integrated summaries of geographic information
Geographic Skill #4 – Analyzing Geographic Information
      Make inferences and draw conclusions from maps and other geographic representations


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THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                               MANITOBA – GRADE 10
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas

Appendix A. Map of Manitoba




Retrieved from: http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/cur/socstud/frame_found_sr2/g_blms/g-30.doc



                                                                                           5
THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                          MANITOBA – GRADE 10
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas

Appendix B. Handout on Sustainable Development


Sustainability refers to the conservation, protection and regeneration of resources over an indefinite

period of time. Central to sustainability is the idea that today’s decisions affect the future of human

health and well-being, the environment, and the economy. Sustainability requires knowledge and

understanding of past events as well as the ability to make informed predictions of future events. From

an Aboriginal perspective, the concept of sustainability has historical roots and has traditionally guided

Aboriginal decision-making. Decisions must be sustainable now and in the future, for seven generations

to come. The aim of sustainability is to make equitable decisions and to conduct activities so that

human health and well-being, the environment and the economy can be improved and maintained for

future generations. Sustainability is a complex idea. It requires understanding not just of social,

environmental, and economic issues but also of their ongoing interrelationship and interdependence.

The process of sustainable decision making involves a critical examination of our priorities, habits,

beliefs, and values. The challenge of sustainability is that it must be a collaborative process — citizens

need to agree upon a vision as well as an action plan for the future. This requires collective and

conscious decision making, and is the heart of Education for a Sustainable Future.




“Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of
the present without compromising the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs.”
(World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987)




Taken from: http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/docs/support/future/sustaineducation.pdf



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THE CANADIAN ATLAS ONLINE                                                  MANITOBA – GRADE 10
www.canadiangeographic.ca/atlas



Appendix C. Essay Assessment


Name: _________________________________ Date: ________________________________


Topic: ____________________________ Assessed by: _______________________________


Criteria:                                                Rating:


Focus: Demonstrates that topic is understood             5   4     3   2     1
and clearly stated; remains focused


Organization: Follows logical sequence;                  5    4    3   2      1
includes introduction, body, and conclusion


Content: Uses appropriate and accurate factual           5   4     3   2     1
information, concepts, and ideas


Supporting Evidence: Provides examples, statistics,      5   4     3   2     1
proof, and may include appropriate illustrations


Writing skills: Uses appropriate formal language,        5   4     3   2     1
spelling, grammar, sentence structure, and punctuation


Additional Criteria:


_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________


Comments:
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________


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