Film and Video 12 by HC120704152311


									Film and Video 12
   For the purpose of the next project you will all
    assume individual roles. Some of you will have
    more than one role and some of the roles are
    combined. We will discuss roles in more detail
    as the course progresses.
   Writer/Producer
   Director
   Cinematographer (camera person)
   Sound Producer/Boom Operator
   Editor
                The writer
   The Writer writes the script, commentary
    and dialogue.
   The Producer would raise all the money and is
    responsible for the overall production. In
    particular you must make sure all of your workers
    are satisfied, all are participating, schedules are
    made and met etc.
   Producers organize the work of other people and
    usually find the story that they want to produce.
    They create advertisements so that people will
    want to see a film.
   Ultimately, you will decide what the film will be
    about and the director will then interpret that
                The Director
   The Director interprets the script or
    proposal into film, and directs actors and
    production crew.

   The director is in charge of the actors and
    he or she decides how each scene should
    be filmed. Often the main idea of the film
    is influenced by the director’s imagination.
             Camera “Person”
   The Cinematographer (or Director of
    Photography) sets up shots according to
    the wishes of the director.
 The Boom Operator manoeuvers
 The Sound Recorder records sounds
  and directs the boom operator.
   The Picture Editor arranges the shots
    together into the final form, according to
    the director's vision of the film.

   The editor is sometimes called the cutter
    because he or she selects the best scenes
    and puts together the individual pictures
    so that the whole story can be shown.
                The PLAN
 Think of a script as the backbone of your
 If you write before you shoot, a script will
  give your project structure, organization,
  direction, tone and attitude. Your videos
  won’t look like monotonous surveillance
           Keep planning…
 Writing a script also forces you to think
  about and visualize your project in
  advance, which is the best way to solve
  problems you would have encountered
  while shooting or editing.
 Most video production problems arise from
  the lack of structure, so organizing your
  thoughts before the fact becomes even
  more attractive.
 Having a script will make shooting and
  editing a snap, and your final product will
  have a smooth, natural flow.
 Even a short shot list or a few notes on
  how you want to organize something is a
  working script.
           Getting started…
 The hardest part of any writing project is
  the start.
 Write down any random thoughts and
  ideas, whatever comes to mind.
The Writing Process…just like English
 It is all about coming up with an idea
 Writing it down
 Transforming your idea into a working
 Then later into actual images and sounds
  on your television set
         The Idea and the Hook
   Once you’ve chosen a basic
    framework for your project (an
    event, activity, vacation and so
    on), try to come up with a unique
    and interesting hook that will
    make people want to watch.
 Once you have an idea in place, clear your
  mind of everything and visualize how you
  think you would like your project to look
  and sound.
 One of the most powerful tools in the
  world and your most valuable possession
  is your imagination.
                    Brainstorming con’t
   Brainstorming Rules:
   Collect as many ideas as possible from all participants with no criticisms or judgments
    made while ideas are being generated.

   All ideas are welcome no matter how silly or far out they seem. Be creative. The
    more ideas the better because at this point you don't know what might work.

   Absolutely no discussion takes place during the brainstorming activity. Talking about
    the ideas will take place after brainstorming is complete.

   Do not criticize or judge. Don't even groan, frown, or laugh. All ideas are equally valid
    at this point.

   Do build on others' ideas.

   Do write all ideas on a flipchart or board so the whole group can easily see them.

   Set a time limit (i.e., 30 minutes) for the brainstorming.
                    Brainstorm Con’t
   Brainstorming Sequence:
   One team member should review the topic of the brainstorm using
    "why", "how", or "what" questions. Example:
    Example: What should we focus on as the content?
   Everyone should think about the question silently for a few
    moments. Each person might want to jot down his/her ideas on a
    sheet of paper.
   Everyone suggests ideas by calling them out. Another way is to go
    around the room and have each person read an idea from his/her
    list until all ideas have been written on the board or flipchart. (Note:
    The team member in charge of the brainstorming session should be
    enforcing the rules.)

   One team member writes down all ideas on board or flipchart.
 Depending on the project you chose to
  tackle, you may find yourself with some
  research and pre-production legwork to
 On movie sets, Associate Producers and
  Production Assistants take care of this
You’ve heard it before…KNOW YOUR
   As creative videographers, sometimes we
    forget to do one very important thing:
    figure out who the audience is going to be
    and what they’ll get out of your program.

Handouts for your portfolio/notes to refer
 Do’s and Don’ts of Script Writing
 Do follow the format (spacing,
  capitalization etc)
 Don’t spell words wrong
 Do pay attention to punctuation and
 Don’t be too wordy with dialogue
 Do pay attention to short scenes
 Do leave some freedom for director and
                   Commercial Project
   Project:
   You and your group are to brainstorm, prepare, and produce a commercial. The
    commercial must sell a product. The product can be real or fake, but must be your
    own original idea and must meet the criteria for all FLV 12.
   Criteria:
   Absolutely no shorter or longer than 30 seconds! Planning, planning!
   Group must show evidence of group brainstorm
   Group must show evidence of research of effective commercial techniques
   Group must submit a proposal
   Group must submit shooting plan (props, actors, sets, scheduled shoots)
   Group must submit a DETAILED story board. See your check list
   Group must submit script (if required)
   Group must display effective use of class time
   Group must demonstrate daily organizational and note keeping strategies.
   Commercial must have credits (don’t forget to credit music if used)
   Group must complete edited film by _____________________


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