Wisconsin notes by HC12070413291

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									Improving student success in a
 time of constrained resources

        Jane Wellman
 IUPUI Assessment Conference
       October 26, 2009




                                 1
            Topics to cover
1. The challenge: attainment and costs
2. Conceptualizing “cost-effectiveness:
  language, models, and metrics
3. Assessing costs of first year programs:
     pilot study structure and findings
4. Connecting the dots: a financing strategy
  to support the attainment agenda
                                           2
          1. The Challenge

• More degrees – higher education
  attainment
• At higher quality
• With limited resources




Slide 3
                   The Expectation

“By 2020, America will once again have the
          highest proportion of college graduates
                      in the world”
                President Barack Obama, February 24, 2009




slide 4
      Associate and Bachelors Degrees Needed to Become the Most Educated Country by 2020
           4,500,000       Current Annual Degree Production          Additional Degrees Needed to Meet Goal
           4,000,000

           3,500,000

           3,000,000

           2,500,000                              Additional Annual Degree Production Needed – 150,528 per Year
           2,000,000

           1,500,000

           1,000,000                              Current Annual Degree Production – 2,252,212
            500,000

                  0
                   2009    2010     2011     2012      2013         2014         2015     2016     2017     2018       2019      2020



                           Increase in State and Local Funding at Current Cost per FTE
          50%


          40%                                                                                                            35%
                                                                                                                32%
                                                                                                      30%
          30%                                                                                25%
                                                                                    21%
          20%                                                              17%
                                                              14%
                                                    12%
                                           9%
          10%                     7%
                          5%
                  3%

          0%
                 2009     2010    2011     2012     2013      2014      2015    2016      2017        2018     2019       2020
                                                                      Note: Assumes private institutions will maintain current share
slide 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         165   Alaska
                                                                   Adjusting for Current Levels of Educational Attainment and Population Growth by State




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        270    Wyoming
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        343    Vermont
Annual Increase in Degree Production Required to Meet the Goal –




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        409    Montana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        430    North Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        433    Delaware
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        437    South Dakota
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       526     Maine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       563     Hawaii
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       601     DC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       669     New Hampshire
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      764      Idaho
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      803      New Mexico
                                                                                                                                                                             5.5%/annually over current production levels
             11.7 Million Additional Degrees by 2020




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      830      Rhode Island
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      879      Nevada
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1,064       Nebraska
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1,145       West Virginia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1,335        Connecticut
                                                                                                                                                                             Average increase in NEBHE states




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1,376        Arkansas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1,546         Kansas
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1,567         Mississippi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1,740          Oregon
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1,966           South Carolina
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               2,066           Louisiana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,097            Oklahoma
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,209            Alabama
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,233            Kentucky
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,262            Utah
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,265            Maryland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2,274            Iowa
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             2,489             Colorado
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2,684              Minnesota
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2,746              Wisconsin
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2,911               New Jersey
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           2,965               Tennessee
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          3,161                Washington
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3,346                 Massachusetts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3,382                 Missouri
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3,732                  Virginia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3,750                  Georgia
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        3,807                  Indiana
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     4,654                     North Carolina
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   5,023                       Arizona
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   5,044                       Michigan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  5,450                        Ohio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6,532                            Illinois
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              6,626                            Pennsylvania
                                                                                                                                                                                                             9,946                                                             New York
                                                                                                                                                                                                             9,961                                                             Florida
                                                                                                                                                                                                         10,838                                                                Texas
                                                                                                                                                           16,261                                                                                                              California




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               8,000

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       6,000




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       2,000
                                                                                                                                                                    16,000
                                                                                                                                                           18,000




                                                                                                                                                                             14,000

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            12,000

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10,000




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               -
Additional Degree-Holders Needed to Close Racial/Ethnic Gaps
            Between Whites & Minorities, 2005-07
                                  slide 8
                                                                                                 -8
                                                                                                              -6
                                                                                                                            -4
                                                                                                                                            -2
                                                                                                                                                 0




                                                                       -12
                                                                                   -10
                                                                                                                                     -2.1            Maryland
                                                                                                                                    -2.2             Maine
                                                                                                                                   -2.3              Vermont
                                                                                                                                   -2.3              New Jersey
                                                                                                                                  -2.4               Connecticut
                                                                                                                                 -2.6                New Hampshire
                                                                                                                                -2.7                 Rhode Island
                                                                                                                               -2.9                  North Dakota
                                                                                                                                -3                   Wisconsin
                                                                                                                            -3.3                     Massachusetts
                                                                                                                           -3.5                      Michigan
                                                                                                                           -3.5                      Wyoming
                                                                                                                         -3.8                        California
                                                                                                                       -4.1                          Ohio
                                                                                                                    -4.6                             Delaware
                                                                                                                   -4.7                              Kansas
                                                                                                                  -4.8                               Oregon
                                                                                                                 -4.9                                Virginia
                                                                                                                   -5                                New York
                                                                                                                -5.1                                 Minnesota
                                                                                                               -5.2                                  West Virginia
                                                                                                              -5.4                                   Pennsylvania
                                                                                                            -5.7                                     Illinois
                                                                                                            -5.7                                     Alaska
                                                                                                           -5.8                                      Nebraska
                                                                                                           -5.8                                      Montana
                                                                                                            -6                                       United States
                                                                                                         -6.2                                        Louisiana
                                                                                                        -6.3                                         Indiana
                                                                                                        -6.3                                         Hawaii
                                                                                                      -6.7                                           Oklahoma
                                                                                                      -6.7                                           New Mexico
                                                                                                     -6.8                                            Missouri
                                                                                                  -7.2                                               Kentucky
                                                                                                 -7.4                                                Iowa
                                                                                              -7.8                                                   South Dakota
                                                                                               -8                                                    Washington
                                                                                            -8.1                                                     Florida
                                                                                            -8.1                                                     South Carolina
                                                                                                                                                                                 Percent of Revenues, 2016




                                                                                         -8.5                                                        Arkansas
                                                                                         -8.5                                                        Georgia
                                                                                         -8.5                                                        Colorado
                                                                                        -8.7                                                         Tennessee
                                                                                      -8.9                                                           North Carolina
                                                                                     -9.1                                                            Idaho
                                                                                   -9.4                                                              Utah
                                                                                  -9.5                                                               Arizona
                                                                                 -9.7                                                                Nevada
                                                                         -10.6                                                                       Alabama
                                                                        -10.8                                                                        Texas
                                                                       -10.9                                                                         Mississippi
                                                                                                                                                                      Projected State & Local Budget Surplus (Gap) as a




Source: NCHEMS; Don Boyd (Rockefeller Institute of Government), 2009
               Expectations
• Maintain access – serve an increasing number
  of students
• Improve success – increase overall attainment
• Sustain quality – ensure learning and degree
  results appropriate to future needs
• Maintain affordability to both students and
  the state
  slide 9
   Financing strategies needed to
        support attainment
• Need returned investment from states
• AND federal support for student aid and
  research
• AND institutional attention to cost
  management and to productivity




                                            10
                Bottom line
• Cost management and increases in learning
  productivity have to be part of the equation
  – Not enough just to do this
  – We have to be able to be transparent within
    institutions and to public audiences
  – And able to show evidence that connects the dots
    between resource use, spending, and
    effectiveness


                                                   11
  2. Conceptualizing cost
management and productivity


•Language and concepts
•Metrics
•Examples

                              12
Clarifying language as it relates to
        assessment of costs

 –Costs = spending, not prices
 –Budget cuts
 –Cost shifts
 –Cost reductions
 –Productivity increases
   Cost management v. learning
          productivity
• Both are needed
• But they are different –
  –And require engagement from
    different audiences
  –And different strategies
Cost management: permanent       L. Productivity: increasing
changes to cost structures       learning output without
                                 changing inputs
Program mix                      Increase in student retention and
                                 graduation
Reduce growth in benefit costs   Reduce excess credits
                                 accumulated to the degree
Reduce energy costs              Increase credit-by-exam
Consolidate administrative       Increase proportion of graduates
functions                        who meet goals for critical
                                 learning
Reduce spending on merit-based   Increase proportion of students
aid                              who remain – and are employed–
                                 in state

                                                              15
3. Adding cost assessment to
 evaluations of effectiveness

The example of the ISS Pilot program
          Pilot design/method
• 13 institutions, mix of public/private, two-four
  year
• All with existing, previously evaluated
  programs
• Added assessment of spending onto existing
  metrics for evaluating effectiveness
• Used standard activity-based costing template


                                                 17
       Study design continued…
• Evaluated spending versus gains in retention
  that might be attributed to program
  – Spending versus revenues from increased
    retention


• Compared spending to average spending for
  institution as a whole


                                                 18
                  Findings…
• Costs – including indirect costs – averaged
  $1,167/FTE Student
  – Compared to average full costs in these
    institutions ranging from $6802 - $19,018
• 8 of 13 had retention data – and 7 of the 8
  showed increases in retention ranging from 4
  – 24%
• 6 of the 7 showed positive net revenues from
  increased tuition/state funds attributable to
  increased retention
                                                  19
           Other findings
–Spending is not normally part of
 assessment
–Getting unit cost data not that difficult
–Adding cost to evaluation changes the
 conversation
–The “compared to what” issue most
 difficult – since most institutions do not
 look at costs for other program areas
        4. Connecting the dots
• Financing patterns v. attainment goals
• Future financing strategies need to include
  institutional attention to cost management
  and productivity
  – With transparent metrics
  – Readily communicated inside and outside the
    institution
• Adding costs to existing assessments sharpens
  the focus of assessment – and increases the
  value of the results to decision-making
                                                  21
      Jane V. Wellman
     Executive Director
     Delta Cost Project
1250 H Street, NW, Suite 700
     Washington, DC 20005
 jane@deltacostproject.org




                               22

								
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