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THE VIETNAM WAR

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					THE VIETNAM WAR


   1968 TO 1975
The USA Gets Involved in Vietnam
• In the 1950s US President
  Eisenhower had begun
  sending “military advisors” to
  South Vietnam
• Their job was to train South
  Vietnamese soldiers
• By 1963 there were 16,000 US
  troops in South Vietnam
• After the Gulf of Tonkin
  incident in 1964, Congress
  gave LBJ power “to take all           Operation Rolling Thunder
  necessary measures” in
  Vietnam
• In 1965 LBJ began sending
  combat troops to South
  Vietnam (bombing of North
  Vietnam began also)
                                   Marines landing at Da Nang
                       1968
• January – Vietcong
  launch Tet offensive
• March – LBJ announces
  he won’t seek or accept
  nomination for President
• April – MLK assassinated
• June – RFK assassinated
• August – rioting at the
  Democratic Party
  convention in Chicago
• November – Nixon wins
  election
Tet
1969
  • Nixon announces
    Vietnamization
    strategy
  • My Lai massacre
    revealed in press
                    1970
• US troops invade
  Cambodia
• Kent State and
  Jackson State protest
  killings
• Congress repeals
  Gulf of Tonkin
  Resolution
• Tin soldiers and Nixon coming, We're finally on our own.
  This summer I hear the drumming, Four dead in Ohio.
  Gotta get down to it Soldiers are cutting us down Should
  have been done long ago. What if you knew her And
  found her dead on the ground How can you run when
  you know? Gotta get down to it Soldiers are cutting us
  down Should have been done long ago. What if you
  knew her And found her dead on the ground How can
  you run when you know? Tin soldiers and Nixon coming,
  We're finally on our own. This summer I hear the
  drumming, Four dead in Ohio.

• Got to #14 Billboard Top 100 charts June 1970
1971
  • Daniel Ellsberg leaks
    Pentagon Papers to
    the press
           1972
• North Vietnam
  launches biggest
  attack on South since
  Tet
• Nixon wins reelection
  in landslide
• Massive “Christmas
  bombing” of North
  Vietnam – 100,000
  bombs over 11 days!
             1973
               • Jan - US and N. Vietnam
                 sign agreement ending
                 the war – N. Vietnamese
                 troops stay in South,
                 Nixon promises response
                 in “full force” to any
                 violation
Hanoi Taxi     • March - last US combat
                 troops in South Vietnam
                 leave for home
               • POWs released -
                 Operation Homecoming
                       1975
• March – N. Vietnam
  launches full-scale
  offensive/invasion of
  South
• US sends economic aid
  to S. Vietnam but not
  troops
• April – Saigon falls to
  communist forces
• South Vietnam
  surrenders to North
  Vietnam
• The Vietnam War is over
       Vietnam’s Painful Legacy
• 58,000 Americans killed, 365,000 wounded
• Over 1.5 million Vietnamese (North and South)
  killed (??)
• Southeast Asia destabilized – Cambodia and the
  Khmer Rouge (over 2 million killed!)
• American citizens now more cautious about
  foreign affairs, and more cynical about their
  government
     Vietnam’s Painful Legacy
• About half a million South Vietnamese sent to
  harsh “reeducation” or labor camps
• Nearly 1.5 million fled Vietnam, many were “boat
  people”
• Draft abolished in the USA
• War Powers Act (1973) – Congress curbed the
  president’s war-making powers (???)
• The so-called Vietnam syndrome
• The USA extended full diplomatic recognition to
  Vietnam in 1995

				
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posted:7/4/2012
language:English
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