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Policy Issues and Priorities for Kentucky Adult Education

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					                       5 Questions –
                       One Mission
                      Better Lives for
                        Kentucky’s
                          People

                       Policy Issues and
                    Priorities for 2005-2010

                     A presentation to Kentucky Adult
                           Education Providers,
                    November, 2005 - Lee Nimocks, CPE



http://cpe.ky.gov
“Kentucky’s reality is that we will sink or swim
not on how well we educate our youth, but on
how well we educate our entire population,
whether age 15, 25, 55 or 75.”

                Ron Crouch, Director, Kentucky State Data Center
 Part I: The Council on
Postsecondary Education
Who We Are
   The Council on Postsecondary
    Education is a statewide agency
    comprised of fifteen members from
    all regions of the state.
   Thirteen are lay members – citizens
    appointed by the Governor – who
    share a commitment to educational
    improvement and service to the
    state.
   One faculty member and one student
                                          Not pictured: Alois M. Moore
    also serve a members of the
    Council. The Commissioner of
    Education is an ex-officio member.
              What We Do
The Council coordinates change and
improvement in Kentucky’s postsecondary
education and adult education systems as
directed by the Kentucky Postsecondary
Education Improvement Act of 1997 and the
Adult Education Act of 2000.

Other Key Areas of Responsibility:
–   Kentucky Virtual University
–   Kentucky Virtual Library
–   GEAR UP Kentucky
The Kentucky Postsecondary Education
      Improvement Act of 1997

     Ties the future well-being of Kentucky citizens
      to the development of a well-educated and
      highly-trained workforce

     Establishes a long-term goal of raising the
      standard of living and the quality of life in the
      Commonwealth above the national average by
      the year 2020
The Adult Education Act of 2000

•   Identifies adult literacy as a fundamental barrier
    to every major challenge facing Kentucky

•   Calls for a multi-faceted strategy to address the
    diverse needs of undereducated adult
    population in all counties and regions of the
    state.
Part II:   The Public Agenda
        The 2005-2010 Public Agenda
                     The Process
        Analyses of key data
        Forums and meetings
        Public review and comment

               What We Learned
More emphasis needed on:
     Addressing needs of Adult Learners
     Affordability
     Degree production
     Role of institutions as community leaders
     Economic development
     Closing achievement gaps
The Five Questions that
Guide our Work
1.   Are more Kentuckians ready for
     postsecondary education?
2.   Is Kentucky postsecondary education
     affordable for its citizens?
3.   Do more Kentuckians have certificates and
     degrees?
4.   Are college graduates prepared for life and
     work in Kentucky?
5.   Are Kentucky’s people, communities, and
     economy benefiting?
Our Goal
   To reach the national average in educational
    attainment by 2020.
   Ultimately, Kentucky must Double the number of
    Kentucky’s working age people with a Bachelor’s
    degree or higher from 400,000 to 800,000 if we are to
    achieve this goal.
   How?
    –   Ensure more of our students graduate from high school or earn
        their GEDs
    –   Increase our college enrollment, retention and graduation rates
        to match the best states in the nation
    –   Keep our college graduates in state, and encourage more
        college graduates to come to Kentucky to live, work and
        contribute to our communities and economy
Part III: If We Succeed?
We Can Expect

      Competitiveness in the global economy
      Higher incomes
      More high value jobs
      Increased tax revenues
      Involved citizens
      Talent force development
      Less poverty
      Healthier citizens
Rate of Voter Participation by
Educational Attainment
 90%                                                                                                   82%     82%
                                                                                    75%
 80%

 70%                                                               63%
 60%
                                                 52%
 50%
                                38%
              35%
 40%

 30%

 20%

 10%

 0%
         Less than        HS Degree            Some          Associates        Bachelors          Masters    Doctoral
            HS                                College

  Source: Postsecondary Opportunities, June. 2002,# 120: p.11 - With thanks to Patrick Kelly, NCHEMS
Unemployment Rate by Educational
Attainment
10%

9%        8.50%

8%

7%

6%                          5.30%
                                             4.80%
5%
                                                               4.00%
4%                                                                              3.10%
                                                                                                     2.80%
3%
                                                                                                              1.60%
2%

1%

0%
       Less than        HS Degree           Some           Associates        Bachelors         Masters       Doctoral
          HS                               College


 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Current Population Survey - With thanks to Patrick Kelly, NCHEMS
Lifetime Earnings by Educational Attainment
(in millions of 1999 dollars)
   $5
                                                                                                                   $4.4


   $4
                                                                                                      $3.4


   $3
                                                                                     $2.5

                                                                    $2.1
   $2                                            $1.6
                                 $1.2
                $1.0
   $1



   $0
          Less than        HS Degree         Associates        Bachelors         Masters            Doctoral   Professional
             HS


Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Current Population Survey - With thanks to Patrick Kelly, NCHEMS
      Relationship Between Educational Attainment
      and Personal Income by State, 2000

                                                                                                           CT
   28,766

                                                                                                      NJ

                                                                                                                 MA
                                                                                                           MD
   Per Capita Income




                                                                                                  NH VA         CO
                                                                             DE             NY
                                                                                            MN
                                                                                  IL         WA
                                                                            AK         CA
                                     NV                       MI
                                                                   FL         RI HI
                                                                   WI    GA OR
                                                         OH        PA
                                                                               KS                   VT
                                               IN                  NC    AZ
                                                      MO
                                                     IA              TX
                                                                    ME NE
                                               TN SC
                                                        WY

                               KY          AL                                     UT
                                                    OK     ID
                                                            ND
                                                          SD
                                                                        NM MT
                              AR          LA
                       WV
                              MS
   15,853
                       14.8                                                                                      33.2
                                   Percent with Bachelor’s Degree or Higher

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census, Analysis by Aimes McGinness, NCHEMS
If we reach the national average in the
level of educational attainment by 2020,
Kentucky could see
a cumulative increase
of…


$5.3 Billion
in state revenue

 $71 Billion
in personal income

Note. Cumulative increase represents a gross revenue increase.
Source: Kentucky Long-term Policy Research Center
Part IV: Our Challenge
The National Picture
   Sixty percent of jobs today require some postsecondary
    education
   Almost one-third of students who enroll are not college
    ready
   Only 71% of 9th grade students graduate from high
    school on time, and only slightly more than 50% of black
    and Latino students graduate on time.
   Only 18% of 9th graders will make it through high school,
    enter college and earn a two- or four-year degree on
    time.
   In Kentucky…

Source: 2005 National Education Summit on High Schools
Out of every 100 Kentucky ninth graders….
….65 graduate from high school….
….39 enter college….
….26 are still enrolled in the sophomore year….
…and 15 graduate from college.
                                 With thanks to Tom Welch, KDE, for graphics
Changes in Workforce Needs
            1950                                                                                1997


               20%                                                                      15%

                                                                                            Unskilled
                   Skilled
                                                                                20%
 60%
                             20%                                                                              65%
                                                                                 Professional
Unskilled
                     Professional
                                                                                                        Skilled




                         National Summit on 21st Century Skills for 21st Century Jobs
Percent of Adults with a Baccalaureate
Degree or Higher, by State, 2000

Washington                                         North Dakota
                              Montana                              Minnesota

                                                                                                                                              Maine
                 Idaho                                                         Wisconsin                                                                   Vermont
Oregon                                             South Dakota
                                                                                                                                                       New Hampshire
                                   Wyoming                                                          Michigan                   New York
                                                                                                                                                     Massachusetts
                                                                        Iowa                                                                       Connecticut
                                                      Nebraska
                                                                                                Indiana                  Pennsylvania
                                                                                                            Ohio                                   Rhode Island
              Nevada                                                                Illinois                                              New Jersey
                          Utah                                                                                                            Maryland
                                        Colorado                                                                West Virginia             Delaware
                                                          Kansas        Missouri
                                                                                                 Kentucky                Virginia
 California

                                                            Oklahoma                           Tennessee            North Carolina
                         Arizona                                         Arkansas
                                     New Mexico                                                              South Carolina
                                                                                           Alabama
                                                                                                          Georgia
                                                                                Mississippi
                                                         Texas
                                                                          Louisiana
                                                                                                                                           31.4% to 33.2.%
                                                                                                                                           25.7% to 31.4%
                                                                                                                                           21.9% to 25.7%
                                                                                                               Florida                     18.7% to 21.9%
                                                                                                                                           14.8% to 18.7%
 Alaska = 24.7%
 Hawaii = 26.2%

 Data Source: 2000 Census
Baccalaureate Attainment by County,
2000




Sources: Kentucky Data Center, US Census, CPE Staff
 Part V: Are We
Making Progress?
The answer is…

              YES                                     BUT
Adulteducation enrollment increase    Stillonly serving 10 percent of
of 135% in four years                  adults with low literacy levels

Highest  increase in nation between   Ranked   39th in the percent of the
1990 and 2000 in percent of adults     population with a high school
with a high school credential          credential

                                       Many   students do not advance
Postsecondary enrollment              through the system – only 15 out of
increased by 25%                       every 100 9th graders graduate from
                                       college on time
                                       Not enough students perform well
College going rate of high school
graduates now exceeds national         on college entrance and advanced
average                                placement exams
The answer is…

               YES                                   BUT
Greater proportion of African        Six-yeargraduation rate of African
Americans and low income              American students is, on average,
Kentuckians going to college than a   15% below White, Nonhispanic
decade ago                            students

Increase of 44% in certificates,     Too  few students transfer to four-
diplomas, and associates in last      year institutions
three years

Graduation  rates for bachelor’s     Rank  47th in nation in percent of
students increased from 36% to 45%    adults with baccalaureate degree or
                                      higher
The answer is…

                YES                                          BUT
Increase  in federal research and          Rank  41st in federal research and
development expenditures per capita         development expenditures per capita
was 6th highest in nation between           in 2002
1996 and 2002

Kentucky    institutions remain                         remains a major
                                            Affordability
relatively affordable compared to           concern in both the nation and
other states                                Kentucky

Kentucky   is one of only five states in   We   still have a long way to go!
the nation to improve performance
over the decade in college student
preparation, participation, completion,
and economic and civic benefits to
the state
Part VI: 2006 General Assembly
      Issues and Priorities
Kentucky General Assembly,
Preview for 2006

    Main Responsibility – Pass a Budget
    Some short term revenue tax relief,
     but…
        Medicaid - $600 million shortfall
        Health Insurance, estimated 20% increase
        State Pensions
        Corrections
    Relatively strong postsecondary/adult
     education session in 2005
  Medicaid’s Increasing Share of
  General Fund
20.00%
18.00%
16.00%
14.00%
12.00%
10.00%
8.00%
6.00%
4.00%
2.00%
0.00%
         FY01 FY02 FY03 FY04 FY05 FY06 FY07 FY08 FY09 FY10


                Office of the Kentucky State Budget Director
The Council’s Priorities for 2006

Priority       Description         FY 2006-07    FY 2007-08     Biennium


   1         Base Funding          $76,030,900   $74,590,200   $150,621,100

            Strategic Trust
   2       Funds / Incentive        40,801,600   19,850,000     60,651,600
              Programs
           Special Initiatives /
   4         Pass Through           2,160,700    10,135,500     12,296,200
               Programs

   3             Capital            7,600,000    55,597,900     63,197,900
Adult Education Funding Initiatives
   A key part of the Council’s 1st priority
     – $6 million (27.2%) requested increase in program
       funding to expand and enhance program services,
       and to improve per student funding levels.
     – Additional funding requested to support adult
       education administrative services
   Other Important CPE budget requests for Adult Ed:
     – Regional Stewardship Funding
     – College Access Initiative
     – Retention/Affordability Initiative and Student Aid
       Programs
     – Joint P-16 Budget Request
                       Kentucky Adult Education
                         Funding Per Student
$500
                                                                General Fund
                                                                Federal Funds
$400


            $286          $283
$300                                $261

                                               $205                           $192
                                                                       $168
$200                                                         $174
                 $142
                           $133
                                     $108
                                               $92
$100                                                                   $71    $71
                                                         $76


  $0
   2000                 2001      2002      2003      2004          2005        2006


 Analysis, CPE staff
Bottom Line …
   We have made great progress – the success
    in adult education has been outstanding:
    –   Doubling of enrollment in all programs
    –   Family literacy programs in every county
    –   Many more GED recipients going on to college
   BUT, If Kentucky is going to “stay in the game”
    we must renew our commitment to the goals of
    HB 1 and SB 1, and provide adequate and
    sustained funding for adult and postsecondary
    education.
Part VII: Communicating
      the Message
            Core Message

   Support for postsecondary and adult
    education represents an investment of public
    dollars, not an expense, and the returns –
    tangible and intangible – far exceed the
    investment.
   Without lack a sustained, adequate
    investment, Kentucky risks falling even
    further behind its national and international
    competitors in terms of educational
    attainment, personal income, and economic
    success.
What can you do?
    Be a leader in your community and become
     part of a grassroots call for a better educated
     Kentucky population
    Communicate to policy makers the need for
     resources and support for postsecondary
     and adult education.
    Push our education systems to pursue
     higher quality and better use of resources.
    Stay informed and inform others about
     Kentucky’s progress and challenges in
     education.
         Making Your Message Count
   Help policy makers understand how funding is being
    spent – let them know what the return is on the
    public’s investment
   Use tangible/quantifiable examples of successes
   Put a “human face” on efforts to address Kentucky’s
    adult literacy problem.
   Invite policy makers to your programs to see them in
    action.
   “All Politics is Local” - Help policy makers understand
    local and regional challenges and the current unmet
    adult education needs in your communities.
Resources to Help Stay Informed
     For weekly legislative updates, or
      to get adult and postsecondary
      information, CPE Website –
      www.cpe.ky.gov
     To check the legislative meeting
      calendar, contact your legislator,
      or get more information about a
      bill - Legislative Research
      Commission Website -
      www.lrc.ky.gov
http://cpe.ky.gov

				
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