The Main Title of Paper: Written in Bold Font
First Author’s Name (Example University, Country)
Second Author’s Name (Example University, Country)
Place the abstract of the paper here. The abstract should be a very short summary of your paper,
helping the reader understand the purpose of the paper, the methodologies used, and the key findings
along with their relevance in the wider context. Even though the abstract is meant to be brief, it should
be written in full sentences, consisting of subject, verb, and object.
Key words: paper template, grammar, formatting, example
Introduction (A-level heading)
The introduction sets the stage for your research paper, and it also provides the reader with a structural
preview of the paper, outlining what will be discussed in the subsequent sections.
Example Section 1 (A-level heading)
The main body of the paper may contain multiple sections with A-level headings. The sections should
be logically arranged and may include sections about existing literature, data, methodologies,
discussion, and results. Authors may choose to include other sections as well. Remember that one of
the keys to a successful paper is the ability to arrange the information in a way that makes it easy for
the reader to follow your thoughts. Choosing headings and subheadings wisely is instrumental in
achieving that goal. As a side note, remember to leave two lines empty before each heading and one
line empty after each heading.
Example Section 2 (A-level heading)
Notice that this sample section actually has two sub-sections to demonstrate the use of subheadings.
Section Number One (B-level subheading, which is not underlined)
This is a section under a B-level subheading that is incorporated into section under A-level heading
“Example Section 2.”
Section Number Two (another B-level subheading) and Demonstration of In-Text Citations
The next sentences demonstrate the use of the various types of in-text citations. Mayer (1995)
established that scientific research is good. Or you might choose to not directly mention the author’s
name in the sentence itself, so you may synthesize a finding from the paper and simply cite the paper
in parentheses at the end of the sentence (Mayer 1995). If you cite a paper that has more than one
author, you should cite the first author and indicate though the remark “et al” that there are additional
co-authors (McCain et al. 2000). However, if the authors’ names appear directly in the text, you may
mention them: McCain and Breyer (2000) would really appreciate that.
Sometimes it is useful to take a short quotation directly from the paper if “this helps add credibility to
your paper” (Mayer 1995, p. 250). Or you might want to state that Mayer (1995) found that “research
is great and intrinsically rewarding” (p. 245). If you include a direct quotation it should be very short
to avoid breaching generally accepted fair use standards. Always cite your sources properly to give
well-deserved credit to the original authors, just like you want authors in the future to give credit to
your own work.
Conclusion (A-level heading)
The conclusion wraps up your paper by reviewing the main findings and how they were derived. The
conclusion might also add some final thoughts that place your research findings into a wider context.
Mayer, P. (1995). Marketing Research in the Case of East Asian Companies. Journal of Example of
Business Research, 41(2), 235-251.
McCain, S. & Breyer, A. (2002). Basics of Managerial Theory. Munich. Publishing House Company.
Wolf, C. (2000). The Role of Crises in Renewing Companies. In Rice, E. (Ed.), Essays in Crisis
Management (345-356). Munich. Publishing House Company.
Wolf, C. (2009). Publishing Guidelines for Publications. Lupcon Center for Business Research.
www.lcbr-online.com (accessed on January 5, 2009).