The Cold War in Asia Part 2

Document Sample
The Cold War in Asia Part 2 Powered By Docstoc
					The Cold War in Asia: Part 2



       The Korean War 1950 - 53
  Significant US Background
NSC-68 is new definition of US policy
  Containment is no longer enough
Red Scare at home encourages and
 allows political leaders to pursue
 stringent anti-communist policies
Mao’s victory in 1949
  US’ China Lobby miffed at Truman
          Stalin’s Refusal turns to
                  Approval
 Stalin initially worried
  the US would respond,
  BUT
 Dean Acheson’s
  “Defense Perimeter”
  speech
 US pulls out of S. Korea
  1949
 Stalin worried that Mao
  would support Kim;
  become more influential
  in Asia                        Sino-Soviet
                                 Pact 1950
 Sino-Soviet Pact ensures
  cooperation in Asia

                                 Dean Acheson
Mao is Ready to Support
             Mao gives approval to
              North’s Kim when asked
             Is also concerned about
              possible action in
              Formosa

             Willing to get involved
              b/c don’t want US to
              have control over all of
              Korea – fear imperialism
The War
    June 25, 1950 – July 37,
     1953
    Initially N. Korea vs. S.
     Korea & UN
    China gets involved
     when UN forces push
     back to the Yalu R.
     (Chinese border)
    USSR provides aid; few
     secret air missions
    Battle of Inchon is most
     significant battle
           Gains & Losses
2.5 million civilians (both N. & S) died
1million soldiers
No territory was ulitmately gained or lost
A demilitarized zone at the 38th parallel
 still exists today
              Political Fallout
 Inability to win war
  decisively hurts him
    1951 56% of US see war
     as “useless”
 Eisenhower wins the 52
  election – brings
  armistice

 MacArthur loses his post
  – fired by Truman for
  insubordination in
  wanting a wider war
  (nukes)
                       Armistice
 July 1953 – after 2 years of
  negotiation
 5 articles involving:
    Demarcation line
    Cessation of hostilities
    POW’s
    Recommendations to both gov’ts
    Misc
 Signed by UN & commanding
  officers of North & South
  Korea
 Rhee refused to sign
 No formal Peace Treaty ever
  signed
             US Reactions
Treaty of San Francisco 1952 allowed for US
 bases in Japan
US continues to support Chiang in Taiwan w/
 economic & military support
China remains isolated from US
US becomed committed to other Asian nations
 battling Communism (I.e. Vietnam)
SEATO
   Your Turn: Use your critical
 thinking to analyze the outcome
      of the Korean War on:
China
USSR
Korea


 Then: Analyze the effects of the
 Korean War on the Cold War

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:1
posted:7/4/2012
language:English
pages:10