Cloud Computing

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					     Cloud Computing:
Informal Presentation to the
Enterprise Architecture WG
        Brand Niemann
   Senior Enterprise Architect
        August 27, 2009

                                 1
     Cloud Computing in the
  EPA Target Architecture: History
• December 2007: Web 2.0 Team Formed.
• January 2008: Suggested Matrix of Web 2.0 Technology
  Potential @ EPA – adopted for White Paper and
  eventually by the Federal Web Content Managers
  Forum.
• February 2008: Web 2.0 Team delivered White Paper to
  EPA Senior Management at the Web Workgroup
  Meeting where it was enthusiastically accepted.
• March 2008: Web 2.0 Team and Work Group continued
  to meet, test, and discuss Web 2.0 tools. Realized that
  these tools were delivered by “cloud computing” and
  GSA started to enter into service agreements to deliver
  new media providers government-wide.

                                                            2
       Cloud Computing in the
    EPA Target Architecture: History
•    June 2008: MISD Collaboration Tools Team
     formed out of MISD Retreat that collaborated
     with the Web 2.0 Team and Web 2.0
     Knowledge Action Team (David Eng, Lead) on
     meetings, testing, and discussion of Web 2.0
     tools and delivered a recommendation to
     support Telework, etc. (Fall 2008).
•    October 2008: Started Work on Target
     Architecture White Paper on SOA, Web
     2.0/3.0, and Cloud Computing (see Reference
     1 in Target Architecture).
                                                    3
       Cloud Computing in the
    EPA Target Architecture: History
•       October 2008 to present: Series of Cloud Computing
        Camps, Meetings, Workshops, Symposiums, etc. (e.g.
        July 15, 2009, Federal Symposium featuring Federal
        CIO Vivek Kundra)
    –     See http://federalcloudcomputing.wik.is
•       February 2009: Delivered version 1.0 of the Target
        Architecture White Paper (SOA, Web 2.0/3.0, and
        Cloud Computing) (at the request of the Acting Chief
        Architect, Lisa Jenkins) and series of pilot examples
        (at the request of David Eng and others).
•       July 2009: Request by Tony Studer to present informal
        briefing on cloud computing to ITSPB staff with David
        Michael.
                                                             4
        Cloud Computing in the
Federal Enterprise Architecture: History
• May 7, 2009: Improving Innovation, Efficiency, and
  Effectiveness in Federal IT .
   – President's FY2010 Budget includes cloud computing.
• May 21, 2009: When Cloud Computing Comes Down to
  Earth: A Discussion with Peter Tseronis, DoE Deputy
  CIO and Chair of the Federal CIOC Cloud Computing
  Advisory Council.
   – Mentions http://federalcloudcomputing.wik.is.
• July 13, 2009: Cloud Standards Summit.
   – Provided recommendations to the July 15th Symposium.
• July 15, 2009: Federal Cloud Computing Symposium
  featuring Federal CIO Vivek Kundra.
   – See next slide and news story: The Federal GSA
     Cloud Storefront may open on Sept 9 .

                                                            5
    Potential Cloud Computing Offering:
   Access to Services via GSA Storefront
• Simplify the customer experience – web application “storefront”
     – Agencies identify their infrastructure and web application requirements
       using a menu-type screen
     – Payment is by credit card or requisition
     – Delivery of a secure environment supported by the selected
       applications configured for their
       slice of the cloud.

Front-end user interface
based on simple commercial
hosting model
Provides access to service
agreements negotiated by
GSA for free Social Media
Limited one-stop shop site for
agencies to: request
services, make selection
from several vendor options,
resulting in auto-provisioned
fully functional service IaaS    Source: Vivek Kundra, July 15, 2009, slide 3.   6
        Cloud Computing in the
Federal Enterprise Architecture: History
• August 13, 2009: ArchitecturePlus Seminar- Cloud
  Computing, Web 2.0 and Beyond: A Vision of Future
  Government Operations.
   – Federal Enterprise Architects should become involved.
• August 21, 2009: Draft NIST Working Definition of Cloud
  Computing (version 15):
   – Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand
     network access to a shared pool of configurable computing
     resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and
     services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with
     minimal management effort or service provider interaction. This
     cloud model promotes availability and is composed of five
     essential characteristics, three service models, and four
     deployment models.
      • Note: Cloud software takes full advantage of the cloud paradigm by
        being service oriented with a focus on statelessness, low coupling,
        modularity, and semantic interoperability.
                                                                              7
           New eGov Cloud Computing
        Enterprise Architecture Based on
    ArchitecturePlus Seminar, August 13, 2009
                                       Semantic
Objective            Product             Technology/      Example
                                         Semantic Web
Transparency,
                     New Web Sites     Semantic Search   http://semanticgove
   Openness, &
                       (1)               (2)                 rnment.org (3)
   Collaboration
                                                         http://www.oegov.or
Better Data          Data Models (4)   Ontologies (5)
                                                             g & DRM 3.0 (6)
Better Process       Business Process Open Linked Data   http://linkeddata.org
   Integration          Models (7)      (8)                  (9)
                                       Semantic Search
                                                         http://www.cambrid
Better               Cloud Computing     and Open
                                                             gesemantics.co
   Infrastructure       (10)             Linked Data
                                                             m/ (12)
                                         (11)

See next slide for footnotes.                                             8
         New eGov Cloud Computing
      Enterprise Architecture Based on
  ArchitecturePlus Seminar, August 13, 2009
• Footnotes:
   – (1) http://www.usaspending.gov, http://www.recovery.gov,
     http://www.data.gov, etc.
   – (2) http://expert1.expertsystem.us.com/semgov/,
   – (3) http://semanticgovernment.org (in process - see (2)),
   – (4) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_model,
   – (5) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontology_(information_science) ,
   – (6) http://www.oegov.org/ and DRM 3.0,
   – (7) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Business_process_modeling,
   – (8) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linked_Data,
   – (9) http://linkeddata.org/,
   – (10) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing,
   – (11) http://semanticommunity.net/, and
   – (12) http://www.cambridgesemantics.com/ .

                                                                         9
Suggestions for Implementing IMPART
       with Cloud Computing
• Suggest Three Basic Steps:
  – 1. See Marine Corp Troux Best Practice
  – 2. Do quick EPA EA Place-mat implementation in
    Troux
  – 3. Show both to Senior EPA Management
• Suggest Adding Two Use Cases:
  – Use Case 0. Do quick EPA EA Place-mat
    implementation in Troux (dashboard interface, basic
    hierarchy, and basic relationships of terms to their
    definitions and items to one another (like in Deki Wiki
    last year)
  – Use Case 00. Do quick EPA Land Management
    Segment implementation in Troux (EPA's best
    practice segment)
                                                          10
    Note: Meeting to Discuss on August 31st @ 10 am.

				
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