The Renewable Energy Electric Vehicle Initiative

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The Renewable Energy Electric Vehicle Initiative Powered By Docstoc
					     The Sustainable
  Transportation Initiative


Stanton Ireland, NBEAA Public Relations Director
         Chris Jones, NBEAA President
                 www.nbeaa.org
                February 7, 2008
     What Do We Need to Do?


Transition to a sustainable form of transportation by:

1.    Increasing the use of Electric Vehicles (EVs)

2.    Increasing the use of renewable energy
   Why Do We Need to Do This?
1. Climate Stabilization
   • Over 40% of our greenhouse gas emissions come
      from transportation1

2. Energy Independence
   • 60% of our transportation energy is imported2

3. Asthma Reduction
   • Transportation emissions can trigger asthma, which is
     a leading cause of chronic work and school absence3

4. Job Creation
   • We are losing jobs to countries who are creating more
     efficient vehicles4, but we can leapfrog them

Our current mode of transportation is not sustainable.
      How Should We Do This?
1)   Provide incentives for people who consume the least
     non-renewable fuels, and to those who provide the
     products that enable them to do so.

•    Provide incentives for electric vehicles; California
     Assembly Bill 493 is an example of a greenhouse gas
     based vehicle tax incentive

•    Provide incentives for renewable energy generators --
     such as solar and wind -- and compensate end users
     when they produce more than they use

•    Provide incentives for renewable energy utility bills
      Examples of Current Production EVs




AC Propulsion eBox (Toyota Scion xB EV):    Tesla Motors Roadster: 220 mile range, 3.5
120 mile range, 2 hour charge time with     hour charge time with Lithium Ion batteries;
Lithium Ion batteries; $55K plus Scion xB   $98K
Examples of past production EVs that were sold
       and can still be found for sale used




 Chevrolet S10 EV: 95 mile range, 9 hour        Ford Ranger EV: 82 mile range, 9 hour charge
 charge time with NiMH batteries                time with NiMH batteries




Solectria Force (Chevrolet Metro EV): 84 mile   Toyota RAV4 EV: 94 mile range, 5 hour charge
range, 9 hour charge time with NiMH batteries   time (2002 model) with NiMH batteries
Examples of past production EVs that were leased
          only and can not be found used




  Chrysler EPIC (Caravan EV): 79 mile range, 9   General Motors EV1: 140 mile range, 7 hour
  hour charge time with NiMH batteries           charge time with NiMH batteries




                            Honda EV Plus: 80 mile range, 8 hour charge
                            time with NiMH batteries
                    Examples of Prototype EVs




AC Propulsion tZero: 302+ mile range, 3.5     Phoenix Motorcars SUT: 130 mile range, 10
hour charge time with Lithium Ion batteries   minute charge time with Lithium Ion batteries
             Examples of EV Conversions




Hundreds more with specifications can be seen on the EV Discussion List Photo Album.
      How Should We Do This?

2)   Install public EV charging stations that are powered by
     renewable energy.

•    Install slow charge stations in locations that attract
     people from other towns who stay for a while

•    Install fast charge stations along freeways for people
     who are trying to get somewhere

•    Cover charging stations with photovoltaic panels
Example of PV Covered EV Public Charging




             Vacaville, CA
      How Should We Do This?

3)   Require all government vehicles to maximize their
     renewable energy use.

•    Applicable laws may already be in effect, but
     implementation could be increased by utilizing new
     and emerging battery technologies

•    Applies to Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) as well as
     Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

•    Applies to mass-produced EVs as well as EV
     conversions
                     Next Steps
1.    Lobby for the following:
     a. Renewable energy vehicle purchase incentives
     b. Renewable energy generator purchase incentives
     c. Renewable energy utility bill incentives

2.    Work with government fleets to purchase EVs and
      convert their vehicles to EVs using new and emerging
      battery technologies.

3.    Work with governments and businesses to install public
      EV charging stations.

4.    Work with schools and businesses to train people how to
      convert and maintain EVs.
Appendix
                                           Links
1.      EV manufacturers:
      •     AC Propulsion eBox and tZero, www.acpropulsion.com
      •     Tesla Motors Roadster, www.teslamotors.com
2.      Advanced EV battery manufacturer (thermally stable, high capacity, quick charge): A123
          Systems nanotechnology lithium iron phosphate cathode planned for GM Volt PHEV,
          www.a123racing.com
3.        Fast charger manufacturer: AeroVironment, www.avinc.com/PosiCharge.asp
4.        EV Prototype: Phoenix Motorcars SUT, www.phoenixmotorcars.com
5.        Advanced EV battery prototype: Altairnano nanotechnology lithium titanate anode
          exclusively used in Phoenix Motorcars SUT,
          www.altairnano.com/markets_energy_systems.html
6.        EV energy storage research:
      •        Stanford silicon nanowire lithium battery electrodes, news-
               service.stanford.edu/news/2008/january9/nanowire-010908.html
      •        MIT nanotube ultracapacitors, web.mit.edu/erc/spotlights/ultracapacitor.html
      •        EEStor barium titanate ultracapacitors, patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-
               Parser?Sect1=PTO1&Sect2=HITOFF&d=PALL&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsrchnum
               .htm&r=1&f=G&l=50&s1=7033406.PN.&OS=PN/7033406&RS=PN/7033406
7.        EV initiatives:
      •        Vacaville PV EV incentives and charging stations:
               www.cityofvacaville.com/departments/public_works/evprogram.php
      •        Israel: www.businessweek.com/bwdaily/dnflash/content/jan2008/db20080121_944683.htm
8.        PV incentives in Germany, Japan and Spain: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PV_financial_incentives
9.        Electric Auto Association: general EV information, www.eaaev.org
10.       Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Vehicle EV Testing Results: avt.inel.gov/fsev.shtml
11.       EV Discussion List Album: EV conversion information, www.evalbum.com
                                References
1.   Transportation accounted for 42% of greenhouse gas in Sonoma County in 2000, according to
     page 12 of the Climate Protection Campaign’s January 2005 report “Greenhouse Gas Emission
     Inventory for all sectors of Sonoma County, California”, posted at
     http://www.climateprotectioncampaign.org/news/documents/AP_INVEN.PDF.

2.   60% of US oil consumption in 2006 came from imports, according to the US Government Energy
     Information Administration Basic Petroleum Statistics, posted at
     http://www.eia.doe.gov/neic/quickfacts/quickoil.html.

3.   Asthma cost $12.7B in 1998 and can be caused by vehicle exhaust, according to the Center for
     Disease Control “Asthma Speaker’s Kit”, posted at
     http://www.cdc.gov/asthma/speakit/default.htm.

4.   Domestic auto jobs dropped 16% between 2000 and 2005, according to the US Department of
     Commerce Office of Aerospace and Automotive Industries March 2005 report “US Automotive
     Industry Employment Trends”, posted at
     http://www.ita.doc.gov/td/auto/domestic/staffreports/Jobloss.pdf.

     All of the most fuel efficient cars are made by Asian and European manufacturers, according to
     the US Department of Energy 2008 report, “2008 Fuel Economy Guide”, posted at
     http://www.fueleconomy.gov/feg/FEG2008.pdf

				
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