The Open Library PPT by C9Jd1Z2

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									Libraries and the Creative Economy


Charles Leadbeater
The Creative Economy

   What is creativity and where does it come from?

   Is it the creative class, industries, economy or society ?

   Two different stories of creativity…




Open Innovation
Closed Innovation: Organisations

   Hire bright people
   Put them in special conditions
   Free from market pressures
   Pipeline of ideas to products
   Delivered to passive waiting consumers




Open Innovation
Closed Innovation: Assumptions

   Knowledge is created, codified, sent and received
   Authors of inventions can define their use
   Intellectual property should be protected to create incentives
   Consumption is passive - a yes/no choice
   Innovation comes from within, self-reflective process




Open Innovation
Closed Innovation: Applications

   The R & D Lab: Thomas J Watson, Bell Labs
   Specialist creative activities in companies
   Professional disciplines of architecture and design
   Elite university education
   The knowledge value chain




Open Innovation
Closed Innovation: Breaking Down?

   Rise and spread of new sources of ideas and know-how
   Able to connect more easily outside large organisations
   Professional knowledge challenged by Pro-Ams
   Consumers become participants through innovation in use
   Old organisational forms outmoded




Open Innovation
Open Innovation: Generation

   Multiplying sources of ideas
   Technology costs down
   Combining ideas in networks easier
   Skilled labour more mobile, independent
   End of knowledge monopolies




Open Innovation
Open Innovation: Propagation

   Consumers are increasingly innovators
   Radical innovations: the users work out what innovation is for
   Disruptive innovation: passionate users innovate, producers follow
   New markets and business models start in marginal markets
   Service innovation requires users to rewrite scripts
   Leisure economy: Pro-Am users and serious leisure




Open Innovation
Open Innovation: Assumptions

   Innovation essential social and dynamic
   Authorship joint, complex and evolutionary
   Knowledge created by interaction
   Innovation as a mass activity
   The audience wants to take to the stage




Open Innovation
Open Innovation: Applications

   Open source communities
   Community/commons based production
   Byond blogging: citizen journalists, scientists, innovators
   Networked companies/platform innovators
   Clusters and networks in regions
   Cities as open innovation systems
   Structured communities of co-creation: achieve complex tasks



Open Innovation
The library and creativity ?

   Public libraries as precursors of open innovation
   Ease of access
   Ready to use tools
   Common resource for private use
   Public platform for cumulative innovation
   Peer to peer lending




Open Innovation
The library and creativity ?

   Public libraries : special people in special places
   Defined by peculiar rituals
   Off putting for outsiders
   Defined and organised by and perhaps for professionals
   Limited opportunities for co-creation, rule bound
   Inflexible fixed assets




Open Innovation
Institutions and professions in the middle

   The BBC and Big J journalism
   Traditional research institutions public and private
   Knowledge based professionals: doctors, teachers




Open Innovation
The library and creativity: the future?

   Reform of the traditional model:
    new services, technology, attractions, architecture, locations, names

   Searching for new hybrids:
    decentralised, jointly located services, more collaborative self help ethos

   But mainly about saving incumbents, reforming current institutions



Open Innovation
The library and creativity: the future?

   New open models of public services:

    radical new ways to enact basic library principles and values
    new organisational models, new relations professionals and users




Open Innovation
The library and creativity: the future?

   Design principles for future public services
   Co-created: users as co-producers, contributors
   Distributed tools, finance and resources, following choices
   Collaborative, peer-to-peer
   New roles for professionals
   Personalised
   Conversational
   Designed to evolve, modular, evolutionary


Open Innovation

								
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