Strategic Framework for Research Infrastructure Investment Discussion Paper

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\par
\par
\par
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs48 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs48\ulnone\insrsid11762179\charrsid16331818 Strategic Framework for
Research Infrastructure Investment
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs48 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs48\ulnone\insrsid6057821\charrsid16331818
\par
\par Discussion Paper
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ulnone\insrsid11762179
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ulnone\insrsid16331818\charrsid16331818
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\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
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art\pgnlcrm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid36
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Other sources of funding}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
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{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700350039000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 14}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798760"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360030000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025 Continuity of funding
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 \tab
}{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 PAGEREF
_Toc280798760 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360030000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 15}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798761"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360031000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025 Holistic funding}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 \tab
}{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 PAGEREF
_Toc280798761 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360031000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 17}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798762"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360032000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025 Prioritisation}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 \tab
}{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 PAGEREF
_Toc280798762 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360032000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 20}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798763"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360033000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025
Excellence in research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 \tab
}{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264
 PAGEREF _Toc280798763 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360033000000}}}{\fldrslt {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 24}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798764"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360034000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025 Collaboration}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 \tab
}{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 PAGEREF
_Toc280798764 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360034000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 26}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798765"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360035000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025 Co-investment}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 \tab
}{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 PAGEREF
_Toc280798765 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360035000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 27}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798766"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360036000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025 Access}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264
\tab }{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 PAGEREF
_Toc280798766 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360036000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 28}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 HYPERLINK \\l
"_Toc280798767"}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386025
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid15674264
{\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360037000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264\charrsid16386
025 Pricing}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264
\tab }{\field{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid15674264 PAGEREF
_Toc280798767 \\h }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\insrsid15674264 {\*\datafield
08d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b02000000080000000e0000005f0054006f00630
03200380030003700390038003700360037000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\noproof\webhidden\insrsid11679916 31}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj }}\sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\lang1024\langfe1024\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\af11\noproof\langfenp1041\ins
rsid15674264
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid21698 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 }}\pard\plain
\ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid21698 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 \sectd
\marglsxn1134\margrsxn1134\margtsxn1077\margbsxn1077\psz9\pgnrestart\pgnl
crm\linex0\headery709\footery709\colsx708\endnhere\sectlinegrid360\sectde
faultcl\sectrsid14310400\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13642001\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s1\ql
\li0\ri0\pagebb\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw10\brsp20
\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel0\adjustright\rin0\lin0\i
tap0\pararsid13642001 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs32\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f89\fs32\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14310400\charrsid7952576 \sect
}\sectd \ltrsect
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\headerl \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s21\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar
\tqc\tx4153\tqr\tx8306\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin
0\lin0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
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It is widely accepted that investment in innovation, including research,
drives productivity, and that excellent research infrastructure is
necessary to facilitat
e the delivery of high quality scientific research. It is important to
ensure that the approach used to plan, fund and develop research
infrastructure delivers the maximum scientific outcome for the nation,
for the money invested.\'94}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16331818
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\pnrauth1\pnrdate172
6759574\pnrnot1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid12326728 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16331818\charrsid12326728
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid12326728 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid16331818\charrsid14449991 NCRIS Evaluation Report 2010
\par
}}}{\shprslt{\*\do\dobxcolumn\dobypara\dodhgt8192\dptxbx\dptxlrtb{\dptxbx
text\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid12326728 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16331818\charrsid12326728 \'93
It is widely accepted that investment in innovation, including research,
drives productivity, and that excellent research infrastructure is
necessary to facilitat
e the delivery of high quality scientific research. It is important to
ensure that the approach used to plan, fund and develop research
infrastructure delivers the maximum scientific outcome for the nation,
for the money invested.\'94}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16331818
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\pnrauth1\pnrdate172
6759574\pnrnot1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid12326728 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16331818\charrsid12326728
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid12326728 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid16331818\charrsid14449991 NCRIS Evaluation Report 2010
\par
}}\dpx720\dpy226\dpxsize7712\dpysize2400\dpfillfgcr255\dpfillfgcg255\dpfi
llfgcb255\dpfillbgcr255\dpfillbgcg255\dpfillbgcb255\dpfillpat1\dplinew15\
dplinecor0\dplinecog0\dplinecob0}}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7288585\charrsid12326728
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid12326728 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12326728\charrsid12326728
\par
\par
\par
\par
\par
\par
\par
\par
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid7164579 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579\charrsid7164579
Access to world class research infrastructure, either in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose} or
overseas, is vital if {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Australia
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} is to remain a leading research and innovation
nation so that we prosper sustainably and improve our quality of life.
The Australian Government }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7164579\charrsid2174029 recognises}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579\charrsid7164579 that
resources to invest in research infrastructure are finite and, hence,
sensible choices need to be made. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579\charrsid7164579 The
National Research Infrastructure Council ({\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
) was established by the Government to provide strategic advice on
research infrastructure investment. Its terms of reference specificall
y asked the Council to provide advice to the Government in the form of a
Strategic Framework for Research Infrastructure Investment. The Framework
will help guide future policy with respect to research infrastructure and
the design of future funding progr
ams. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579\charrsid7164579
The Council has considered a broad range of issues which cover the whole
Australian research sector. In many cases the principles that should
apply seem clear. In some cases it is less clear and judgments need to be
made. The issues were canvassed at
the recent Research Infrastructure Forum which provided valuable
feedback. The Council is seeking comment on this }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid4605450 discussion
paper }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579\charrsid7164579 to help
refine the Framework }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid13267770 before submitting its
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579\charrsid7164579 advice
to the Minister and the Government. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang1033\langfe3081\langnp1033\insrsid7164579\charrsid7164579 The
Council appreciates the as
sistance it has received from the Department of Innovation, Industry,
Science and Research in the preparation of this document and looks
forward to receiving your comments.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12326728\charrsid12326728
On behalf of the Council
\par
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12326728\charrsid12326728 John Ryan
\par Chair
\par National Research }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12326728
I}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12326728\charrsid12326728
nfrastructure Council
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s1\ql
\li0\ri0\pagebb\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw10\brsp20
\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel0\adjustright\rin0\lin0\i
tap0\pararsid1986486 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs32\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f89\fs32\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1986486\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789314}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798751}{\*\bkmkend
OLE_LINK9}Introduction{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798751}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid11429952 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11429952\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576 Powering Ideas,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13267770 the Australian Government\rquote s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13267770\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3152261\charrsid7952576
blueprint for the future development of}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576 the national innovation
system}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid3152261\charrsid7952576
,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2499566\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 announced }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2499566\charrsid7952576 the creation of the National Research
Infrastructure Council (
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}) to provide
strategic advice on future research infrastructure investments.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK3}{\*\bkmkstart
OLE_LINK4}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose} has been
established to:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls12\adjustright\rin0
\lin714\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 Develop a strategic framework for
investment in research infrastructure in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Australia}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose};}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}Provide advice to the Minister on research infrastructure
investment issues including national and landmark prio
rities, funding needs, improved progra}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576 m linkages and delivery methods;
and}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls12\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
Assess funding proposals for specific research infrastructure investments
and monitor Australian }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487
Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
 investments in research infrastructure.{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK3}{\*\bkmkend
OLE_LINK4}
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576 The Council is chaired by Mr John
Ryan, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13267770 Executive Director, Cloon Economics and
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576 former
Deputy Secretary of the Department of Resources, Energy and Tourism. The
members}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 of
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576
include}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5244966\charrsid7952576 a
number of ex-officio members such as the CEOs of the Australian Research
Council, the National Health a
nd Medical Research Council and the CSIRO, as well as research leaders
from across a wide range of research disciplines. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2889196\charrsid7952576 Two members of
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC
{\*\xmlclose} are also on the Education Investment Fund Advisory (EIF)
Board.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6057821\charrsid7952576
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 terms of reference and membership can
be found at}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6057821
:}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf2\insrsid6057821 HYPERLINK "}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf2\insrsid6057821\charrsid6057821
http://www.innovation.gov.au/Section/science/Pages/nric.aspx}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf2\insrsid6057821 " }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
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\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
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14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf2\insrsid6057821
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2889196\charrsid7952576
The development of a strategic framework to guide future research
i}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12133466\charrsid7952576
nvestment is a key task for
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose} to meet the
expectations of }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7672263\charrsid7952576 the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12133466\charrsid7952576 and the sector.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12133466\charrsid7952576
The Strategic Framework is intended to encompass the current research
infrastructure system, and provide a high-level }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7672263\charrsid7952576
framework }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12133466\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK6}{\*\bkmkstart
OLE_LINK7}to guide the development of policy advice and the design of
programs related to the funding of research infrastructur}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11102288\charrsid7952576
e{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK6}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK7} by the Australian
Government.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12133466\charrsid7952576
It is intended that the Strategic Framework will be sufficiently broad
and flexible that it will also be able to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576
be used by }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12133466\charrsid7952576 other agencies involved in research
infrastructure funding,
 and provide the basis for a more coordinated and integrated approach to
investment across the sector. It is hoped that the Strategic Framework
will provide the basis for new policy approaches to the funding of
research infrastructure across the system.

\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
This }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576
discussion }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 paper is the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576 result}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 of research and
discussion undertaken by {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
PersonName}}NRIC}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576 {\*\xmlclose} and the }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7672263\charrsid7952576 D}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 epartment }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7672263\charrsid7952576 of Innovation, Industry, Science and
Research. It}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 draws heavily on the work and
consultation undertaken in the development of }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576 a number of }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 earlier policy and
review documents, which are described briefly in the background section.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 It
also draws on the recent consultation conducted by
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3868273\charrsid7952576
with key stakeholders }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 on a proposed process for identifying
and prioritising landmark infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576 , and on discussions a
t the Research Infrastructure Forum held with a number of key
stakeholders in early October 2010}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 .
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose} is seeking
stakeholders}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576 \rquote }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 input into the
development of the strategic framework}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 through this discussion
paper}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16606348\charrsid7952576 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK21}{\*\bkmkstart
OLE_LINK22}The paper outlines the possible key compon
ents of a proposed strategic framework with questions and options for
consideration. {\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK21}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK22}It also
briefly describes aspects of the current research infrastructure
landscape in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}, and notes some of the key
issues to be addressed}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6967962\charrsid7952576 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576
\par Stakeholders wishing to raise issues not }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7672263\charrsid7952576 covered }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 in this paper are
encouraged to put them forward for consideration.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2499566\charrsid7952576
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576
Responses to the Discussion Paper should be sent to the
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose} Secretariat
by }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5470476
COB Friday}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2059879
,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12483891\charrsid7952576
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5470476 11}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1135208 February}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12483891\charrsid4344224 201}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10830694\charrsid4344224 1}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid4344224 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid14315238
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576
Contact details
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose} Secretariat

\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 Research Infrastructure and Science
Policy Branch
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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n0\itap0\pararsid6161163 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 Department of Innovation, Industry,
Science and Research
\par GPO {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
address}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname Street}}Box{\*\xmlclose}
9839{\*\xmlclose}
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname City}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}CANBERRA{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
ACT 2600
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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n0\itap0\pararsid6161163 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7801635\charrsid7952576 Email: }{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 HYPERLINK
"mailto:nric@innovation.gov.au" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576 {\*\datafield
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nric@innovation.gov.au}}}\sectd
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14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6161163\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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n0\itap0\pararsid11429952 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12483891\charrsid7952576 Phone: 02 6213 7253 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15861239\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
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\par
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\b\f89\fs32\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15484308\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798752}Background}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11160255\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkend _Toc275789314}{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798752}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid6047066 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6047066\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The need for a more strateg
ic approach to providing the high-quality infrastructure necessary for
world-class research was identified in 2000 in the Chief Scientist of
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}
{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s discussion paper }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The Chance to Change}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087
\chftn {\footnote \ltrpar
\pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 The Chance to
Change}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 Discussion Paper by the Chief
Scientist, 2000.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
 and in the final report of the Innovation Summit Implementation Group,
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
Innovation: Unlocking the Future}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Innovation: Unlocking the Future}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2000,
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK "http://www.the-
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\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
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\sectd
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otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 .}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 .
\par In August 2003, the Australian Government established the National
Research Infrastructure Taskforce (NRIT) to develop a nationally
integrated research infrastructure strategy to apply to all publicly
funded highe
r education institutions and research agencies. It was also charged with
examining existing programs and making recommendations on the best
approach to providing funds for major research infrastructure.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 In its final report}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
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\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 Final
Report of the National Research Infrastructure Taskforce}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2004,
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK
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\sectd
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otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 .}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 ,
released in March 2004, NRIT r
ecommended a set of principles and a national process to identify,
prioritise and fund research infrastructure needs. One of the key
findings of the NRIT report was that {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place
}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} needed to strengthen, plan and
prioritise research infrastructure. It also h
ighlighted concerns with the ad hoc nature of the Major National Research
Facilities Program (MNRF) and the Systemic Infrastructure Initiative
(SII), such as:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
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\lin720\itap0\pararsid1854154 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
the competitive process not encouraging submissions that reflected
overall infrastructure priorities and provided the best potential
collaboration and co-investment; and
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls12\adjustright\rin0
\lin714\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
the limited ability to keep skilled staff to operate research
infrastructure, leading to issues with maximising use.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 In response to the NRIT report, the
Australian Government announ
ced the National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS)
in the}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14766995 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 2004-05
Budget.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 This program was allocated $542
million from 2004-05 through to 2010-11 to provide researchers with
access to major research facilities and the supporting infras
tructure and networks necessary to undertake world-class research.
\par NCRIS introduced significant changes in the approach to
prioritising, planning and investing in research infrastructure compared
with previous research infrastructure funding programs, in
particular strengthening the focus on collaboration. Some of the key
characteristics of the NCRIS program are the consultative roadmapping of
strategic priorities, a strategic process as opposed to a simple
competition to determine funding allocation, a f
undamental focus on collaboration and the ability to fund operating
costs.
\par The recently released NCRIS Evaluation Report}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087
\chftn {\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
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\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy Evaluation
Report}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2010, pg 1.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
, (June 2010) stated that incorporation of the key features of NCRIS
should be considered in the development of policy for future research
infrastructure programs.
\par The 2{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK14}{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK15}008 Review of
the National Innovation System }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 (Venturous
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} \endash building strength
through innovation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid6357087\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid6357087 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 Venturous Australia \endash b
uilding strength in innovation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2008,
}{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 HYPERLINK
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\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 )}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6357087\charrsid6357087 {\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK14}{\*\bkmkend
OLE_LINK15} a}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 lso hi}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
ghlighted the need for a coordinated, collaborative and strategic
approach to research infrastructure invest
ment. While the review recognised such an approach is emerging, for
example through NCRIS, it articulated a requirement for national
coordination across different levels of investments, and the institutions
managing those investments. The review recommend
ed funding for a successor program to NCRIS for 10 years including
capital and operational support of $150}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid794725 million}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
 to $200 million per annum. It also recommended the creation of a
National Research Infrastructure Committee to advise }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8142285 the Government }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
on strategic directions in funding of national research infrastructure,
including landmark infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 In
May 2009, the Australian Government released }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Powering
Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Powering Ideas: an innovation agenda for the 21}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
st}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 century}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2009,
}{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERL
INK "http://www.innovation.gov.au/innovationreview/Pages/home.aspx"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://www.innovation.gov.au/innovationreview/Pages/home.aspx}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 .}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 , }{\rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
its innovation policy agenda to 2020. The Government committed to
continuing investment in research infrastructure to support collaboration
and give Australian researchers access to the latest technology. As part
of}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 the policy agenda, the Government
announced the creation of the National Research Infrastructure Council
({\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}) to
provide strategic
advice on future research infrastructure investments.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315
238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
The Australian Government is not alone in committing to a more strategic
approach to research infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid813934 investment. A strategic approach recognises the need to
consider investment in an internation
al context, taking account of the reality of the international nature of
research. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8912981 Many countries are
actively engaged in }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4267917
strategic }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8912981 research and
science }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4267917 priority setting across the globe}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002\charrsid3227002 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002\charrsid7952576 and are }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002 also }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002\charrsid7952576
undertaking strategic, long-range planning exercises}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4267917 . In countries where a top-down approach
dominates, the central }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 g}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 overnment}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4267917 adopts explicit strategies, policies or plans that
specify priority areas of research (e.g.
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Austria{\*\xmlclose},
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13197562
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}China{\*\xmlclose},
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4267917
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Japan{\*\xmlclose} and
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Norway{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}). Most of these }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16670289 countries, as well as some others (e.g.
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Netherlands{\*\xmlclose},
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Denmark{\*\xmlclose},
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
Germany{\*\xmlclose} and {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Korea{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}) have some kind of central
advisory body that makes recommendations about priorities}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid16670289\charrsid6357087 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289 OECD
\endash }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289 Policy Setting for Public
Research: Challenges and Opportunities 2010.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289
 Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 :}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289 Committee for
Scientific and Technological Policy}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 .}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16670289 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13197562
 A summary of the current revised or new national plans for science,
technology and innovation policy }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13197562\charrsid13197562 in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}
 and similarly sized GDP investment economies}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13197562 , }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10103295 as well as the {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
United States{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}, is}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13197562 provided in Table 1. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15366905
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002 T}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002\charrsid7952576 he European Strategy
Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3227002 2008}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002 R}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3227002\charrsid7952576 oadmap}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3227002\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3227002 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
European Roadmap for Research Infrastructures}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \endash Roadmap
2008, }{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289
HYPERLINK
"http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures/index_en.cfm?pg=esfri-
roadmap&section=update-2008" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289
{\*\datafield
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}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
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http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures/index_en.cfm?pg=esfri-
roadmap&section=update-2008}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
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14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid16670289 . }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002 is an }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid7952576 example}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002
 of the kinds of strategic planning activities being undertaken directly
related to research infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7096145 The 2008 Roadmap}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid7952576 aim}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002 s }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid7952576 to integrate national
resources into a common, pan-European effort. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid7952576
The mission of ESFRI is to support a coherent and strategy-led approach
to policy-making on new and existing pan-European and global research
infrastructures. Th}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002 e activities of ESFRI}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid7952576 ha}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3227002 ve}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid7952576
 led to a number of benefits, including the emergence of national
roadmaps to guide investment and the mobilisation of scientific
communities to create their own thematic roadmaps where the needs of
their di
sciplines in the short, medium and long term are clearly identified.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1714427 Consistent with
international practice, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid338000
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
consider}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1714427 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid338000
that the development of a }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2174029 strategic framework }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid338000 is a key step in fostering a strategic}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4720560 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid338000 coordinated approach and }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2174029 should }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid813934 provide}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2174029 the guiding principles for research
infrastructure investment }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10103295 for {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Australia
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2174029 through to 2020}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid2174029\charrsid2174029 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid6579657\charrsid2174029
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315
238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid10182144 \page
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid6579657\charrsid6579657 Table
1}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3802120 :}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid6579657\charrsid6579657 Current revised or new national
plans for science, technology and innovation policy
{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK17}{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK18}in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}
and similarly sized GDP investment economies{\*\bkmkend
OLE_LINK17}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK18} and the
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}United
States}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid6579657\charrsid6357087
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\chftn {\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid3802120 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3802120 OECD
\endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3802120
Priority Setting for Public Research: Challenges and Opportunities
2010}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3802120 . Directorate for Science,
Technology and Industry}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 :}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3802120 Committee for Scientific and
Technological Policy.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid6579657\charrsid6579657 .
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 Country\cell National
Plan\cell Period\cell Main objectives\cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth1800\clshdrawnil
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\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
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\cellx3780\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
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\ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\pararsid16670289
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\cell Powering Ideas: An
Innovation
\par Agenda for the 21}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\super\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 st}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 Century\cell 2009-
20\cell
Integration of innovation across the economy, supported by a substantial
boost in funding to: improve}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185 high-quality research; r
einforce the base of skilled researchers; foster industries of the future
and secure value from R&D commercialisation; improve dissemination of new
technologies, processes and ideas; encourage a culture of research;
increase sectoral and international col
laborations on R&D; and improve policy development and service
delivery.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
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\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth1080\clshdrawnil
\cellx3780\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
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\ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
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{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Canada{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\cell Mobilizing Science and
\par Technology to {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Canada{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s
\par Advantage\cell 2007
\par Onwards\cell The strategy is based on four guiding principles:
promoting world-class excellence; focussing on prioritie
s; fostering partnerships; and enhancing accountability. In June 2009,
the government released a progress report on the implementation of the
strategy, and expressed its commitment to bring forward investments to
make {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Canada{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} a world leader in science and
technology.\cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
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\cellx3780\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
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\ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\pararsid16670289
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}China}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\cell }
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185 Medium- and Long-term Programme
for Science and Technology Development}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185 2006-20}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185 Enhance
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}China{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote
s S&T and innovation capabilities; use innovation as a tool for
restructuring Chinese industry; shift growth modes from investment-driven
to inno
vation-driven; build a conservation-minded and environmentally friendly
society; and enhance independent innovation capabilities as a national
priority. Raise R&D investment to 2.5% of GDP by 2020; rank in the world
top five in patenting and international
 citations.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
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\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
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\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth1440\clshdrawnil
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\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth1800\clshdrawnil
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\cellx3780\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
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\ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\pararsid16670289
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Sweden}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\cell
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185 {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Sweden{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} Research and Innovation
Bill}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185 2009-
12}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185 Successive increased
in central government support during 2009-12, to reach a permanent
increase of SEK 5 billion to 2012 (Euro 500 million) \endash total
addition of SEK 15 billion. The bill impleme
nts the largest reform of funding system for basic research in over 60
years (introduction of appropriations by strategic areas). Strengthening
quality relevance and competitiveness with a view to maintaining
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region
}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Sweden}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid2319898\charrsid3361185
place in the international research arena.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }\pard
\ltrpar\ql
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\ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\pararsid16670289
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Switzerland}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
\cell }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185 Education, Research and
Innovation (ERI) Dispatch}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185 2008-11}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185
The goal of all planned measures is to enable the players and
institutions of the ERI sector to extend {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Switzerland{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote
s capacities as a location for thought and work. Education is guided by
the principle of securing and improving quality, and the goal in research
and innovation is increased competitiveness and growth.}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873\charrsid3361185 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
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\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
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\ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}United States}{\rtlch\fcs1
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{\*\xmlclose}
{\*\xmlclose}\cell }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185 A Strategy for American
Innovation: Driving Towards Sustainable Growth and Quality}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15353873
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid467321
\par American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARR)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid467321\charrsid3361185 \cell }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185 From
2009}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid467321
\par
\par
\par
\par
\par
\par 2009-13}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid467321\charrsid3361185 \cell }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185
The US Innovation Strategy is organised around three pillars: invest in
the building blocks of American Innovation, including R&D and human,
physical and technological capital; promote competitive markets th
at spur productive entrepreneurship; and catalyse breakthroughs for
national priorities such as developing alternative energy sources and
improving health outcomes.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid15353873
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid13700771
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185 Out of
the USD 787 billion allocated under the A}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid1714427 R}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid3361185
R, USD 100 billion will be used to suppor
t investment in innovative and transformative programmes. In this
context, four areas are targeted: modernisation of transport, including
advanced vehicle technology and high-speed rail; renewable energies (wind
and solar); broadband, Smart Grid, and heal
th IT; and ground breaking medical research.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid3361185\charrsid3361185 \cell }\pard
\ltrpar\ql
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\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth3\trwWidth10080\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trpaddl108\trpaddr10
8\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid13700771\tbllkhdrrows\tb
llklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind-432\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth1440\clshdrawnil
\cellx900\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth1800\clshdrawnil
\cellx2700\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth1080\clshdrawnil
\cellx3780\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth5760\clshdrawnil \cellx9540\row }\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16670289
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16670289\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s1\ql
\li0\ri0\pagebb\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw10\brsp20
\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel0\adjustright\rin0\lin0\i
tap0\pararsid15484308 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs32\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f89\fs32\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15484308\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkstart _Ref261872583}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789320}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798753}Current arrangements
{\*\bkmkend _Toc275789320}{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798753}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid12658986 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12658986\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkstart
_Ref262135575}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789322}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc275789316}{\*\bkmkend _Ref261872583}
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4390926\charrsid7952576
F}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12658986\charrsid7952576
unding sources for research infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15162699\charrsid7952576 in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12658986\charrsid7952576 are diverse and include not only
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317 the Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317 Government,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4390926\charrsid7952576 State }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 and Territory }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12658986\charrsid7952576 s and research institutions, but also
the philanthropic sector. }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2495740\charrsid7952576 Each of
these providers has }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4681976\charrsid7952576 its}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2495740\charrsid7952576
 own criteria and priorities for investing in research infrastructure.
The key characteristics of current funding programs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11564515\charrsid7952576 in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Australia}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2495740\charrsid7952576 {\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
and the different approaches taken }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4681976\charrsid7952576 in each }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2495740\charrsid7952576 are
important to consider in developing the strategic framework.}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12658986\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14366213 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid4153835\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798754}Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid16596953\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 Government
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid11564515\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkend _Toc275789316}Programs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798754}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4153835\charrsid7952576 Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16596953\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 Government is the dominant provider
of funds for public research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12002875 and facilities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576
, particularly }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9175833\charrsid7952576 in the}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 national and landmark }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9175833\charrsid7952576 categories}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 .
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5272995\charrsid7952576
F}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10291967\charrsid7952576
unding is provide
d through a range of programs administered by }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10881721\charrsid7952576 d}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5272995\charrsid7952576
epartments, the Australian Research Council (ARC) and the National Health
and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) and through direct budget
allocations. Each of the programs }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12418542\charrsid7952576 has}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5272995\charrsid7952576 different
characteristics depending on the scale, intended impact and allocation
mechanism. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14047031\charrsid7952576
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16667768\charrsid7952576 A
brief description of the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5272995\charrsid7952576 exist}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10291967\charrsid7952576 ing }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16667768\charrsid7952576 programs and their key
characteristics is provided below.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 National Collaborative
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid2698097 Research }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS)
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Announced in the 2004-05 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10815241 B}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 udget, NCRIS}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 HYPERLINK "http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
00d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b020000001700000020000000680074007400700
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6e002e0067006f0076002e00610075002f000000e0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b5
800000068007400740070003a002f002f00
6e0063007200690073002e0069006e006e006f0076006100740069006f006e002e0067006
f0076002e00610075002f000000795881f43b1d7f48af2c825dc485276300000000a5ab00
00}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 is providing $542 million
from 2004-05 to 2010-11 to develop and fund national research
infrastructure projects.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
The key characteristics of NCRIS that differed from previous programs
such as MNRF and SII are:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls12\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 an emphasis on collaboration from the
outset;
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}the
strategic identification of capabilities through a consultative
roadmapping process;
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}the
strategic rather than competitive process for funding allocation;
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}use
of a facilitation process to develop capability plans; and
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls12\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 the provision of funding for skilled
staff and operating costs.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK13}{\*\bkmkstart
OLE_LINK16}
Funding being provided to individual projects under this program ranges
from $20}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725 \~}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725 illion}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 to
$75}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725 illion}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 over
five years.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
\par {\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK13}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK16}The 2006 Strategic
Roadmap}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 HYPERLINK "http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Pages/SRARI.aspx"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
00d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b020000001700000030000000680074007400700
03a002f002f006e0063007200690073002e0069006e006e006f0076006100740069006f00
6e002e0067006f0076002e00610075002f00500061006700650073002f005300520041005
20049002e0061007300700078000000e0c9
ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b7800000068007400740070003a002f002f006e0063007
200690073002e0069006e006e006f0076006100740069006f006e002e0067006f0076002e
00610075002f00500061006700650073002f00530052004100520049002e0061007300700
078000000795881f43b1d7f48af2c825dc4
85276300000000a5ab0000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Pages/SRARI.aspx}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
developed as part of NCRIS was subsequently reviewed and updated. In the
con
text of the Review of the National Innovation System in 2007-08, there
was a need to reconsider future priorities for research infrastructure
investment and therefore another roadmapping process was
initiated.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The 2008 Strategic
Roadmap}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 HYPERLINK "http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Pages/SRARI.aspx"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
00d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b020000001700000030000000680074007400700
03a002f002f006e0063007200690073002e0069006e006e006f0076006100740069006f00
6e002e0067006f0076002e00610075002f00500061006700650073002f005300520041005
20049002e0061007300700078000000e0c9
ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b7800000068007400740070003a002f002f006e0063007
200690073002e0069006e006e006f0076006100740069006f006e002e0067006f0076002e
00610075002f00500061006700650073002f00530052004100520049002e0061007300700
078000000795881f43b1d7f48af2c825dc4
85276300000000a5ab0000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Pages/SRARI.aspx}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 built on
the 2006 Roadmap and presented a renewed view of where strategic
infrastructure investments should be made over the following five to 10
years.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\a
djustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Education Investment Fund (EIF)
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The Education Investment Fund
(EIF)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid6357087 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }
{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK
"http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Programs/EIF/Pages/default.aspx"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://www.deewr.gov.au/HigherEducation/Programs/EIF/Pages/default.aspx}}
}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 was
announced in the 2008-09 Budget.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The role of the
 EIF is to build a modern, productive, internationally competitive
Australian economy by supporting world-leading, strategically-focused
infrastructure investments that will transform Australian tertiary
education and research.
\par The EIF is one of three Nation-building funds established by the
Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7105415 to provide
investment in infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
, along with the Building Australia Fund and the Health and Hospitals
Fund.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 All three funds are
governed by the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Nation-building Funds
Act 2008}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The key characteristics of the EIF
are:}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6623334\charrsid7952576
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid6623334\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls12\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6623334\charrsid7952576
Funding is only available for the creation and development of
infrastructure and is therefore not available for operational costs or
the facilitation of collaborative projects}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14449991 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6623334
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid6623334 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}Projects must meet a
set of evaluation criteria, including the e
xtent to which the project will address national priorities (such as the
National Research Priorities and those outlined in the Strategic Roadmap
for Australian Research Infrastructure); and
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid6623334 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls12\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6623334 Collaborative, multi-disciplinary and/or cross
sectoral projects are encouraged.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315
238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
Processes for the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14449991 each
of the three}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 funding
rounds }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14449991 conducted
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 under
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9310044 the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 EIF }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14449991 to date }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \endash
  and the fund it superseded (the Higher Education Endowment Fund) \endash
have varied between rounds, particularly in terms of the timeframes
available to submit applications. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2174029
The total funding committed under the three rounds }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid731183 to date }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2174029 is over $}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid731183 2\~}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2174029 billion, of which $}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12868165 746}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2174029
million has been provided for research infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
The amount of funding provided for research infrastructure projects
across the EIF rounds has ranged from $1}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8289533 8}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725
million}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 to $}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8289533 90}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid794725 illion}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 .
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\a
djustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid3091926\charrsid3091926 Health and Hospitals
Fund}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid12855313 (HHF)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid3091926
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16071822 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3091926 The Health and Hospitals Fund (HHF)}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3091926\charrsid6357087 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid7105415 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid7105415 }
{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid7105415 HYPERLINK
"http://www.health.gov.au/hhf" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid7105415 {\*\datafield
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid7105415
http://www.health.gov.au/hhf}
}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid7105415 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3091926 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16071822 is another of the three Nation-building
funds established by the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16071822 and governed by the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid16071822\charrsid7952576 Nation-building Funds
Act 2008}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16071822\charrsid7952576 .
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3676775 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3091926
The objectives of the HHF are to:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid3091926 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls40\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid3676775 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3091926
Invest in major health infrastructure programs that will make significant
progress towards achieving the Commonwealth\rquote s health reform
targets; and
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid3091926 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls40\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3091926 Make strategic investments in the health system that
will underpin major improvements in effic
iency, access or outcomes of health care.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16071822
The HHF has invested in significant medical research infrastructure,
including projects such as the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16071822\charrsid16071822 Hunter Medical Research
Institute}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3676775
 (NSW)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16071822 , the
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16071822\charrsid16071822
Translational Research Institute}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3676775 (Qld)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16071822 and the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16071822\charrsid16071822 Health and Medical Research
Institute}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3676775
(SA)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16071822 .
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12737939 Two rounds of the
HHF have been undertaken and a third round, with a focus on regional
health infrastructure, closed in early December 2010.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2174029
 The first two rounds have allocated funding of $3.2 billion}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 , of which over $430 million has
been directed }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid14421204
towards medical research and workforce infrastructure to improve the
transfer of research outcomes into patient care}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2174029 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12737939
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\a
djustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Super Science
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The Super Science
Initiative}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid2234443 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }
{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK
"http://www.innovation.gov.au/Section/science/Pages/superscienceinitiativ
e.aspx" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://www.innovation.gov.au/Section/science/Pages/superscienceinitiative
.aspx}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 was
announced in the 2009-10 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5788222 B}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 udget as part of the Government\rquote
s }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 policy agenda and is providing
$901}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid794725 illion}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 from }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid794725 \line }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 2009-10 to 2012-13 for
cutting edge research infrastructure. The funding for the Super Science
Initiative is provided from the EIF. The Super Science Initiative itself
is not an ongoing program.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14421204 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576 Funding being provided to individual
projects under this }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 initiative}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576 ranges from
$}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12868165 10}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 \~}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576
m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 illion}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576 to $}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12868165 120}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576 m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 illion}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576 over }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12868165 five}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576 years.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Strategic Roadmap for Australian
Research Infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid2234443 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 HYPERLINK "http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Pages/SRARI.aspx"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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85276300000000a5ab0000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Pages/SRARI.aspx}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 released
in 2008 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2234443
formed}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
 the evidence base for the funding of the Super Science Initiative.
\par While Super Science shared some characteristics with NCRIS, such as
the use of the consultative roadmapping and a focus on implementing
national, collaborative infrastructure with supporting access and pricing
regimes, other important features w
ere not able to be included because of the constraints on the use of EIF
funding}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2234443 , particularly
the inability to fund operating costs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 .

\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\a
djustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF)
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The Australian Research Council (ARC)
provides funding for LIEF}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid2035547 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK
"http://www.arc.gov.au/ncgp/lief/lief_default.htm" }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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0680074006d000000795881f43b1d7f48af
2c825dc485276300000000a5ab0000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
http://www.arc.gov.au/ncgp/lief/lief_default.htm}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
through the National Competitive Grants Program (NCGP). The LIEF scheme
fosters collaboration through its support of the cooperative use of
national and international research facilities. It provides funding for
cooperative initiatives so that expensive i
nfrastructure, equipment and facilities can be shared by researchers in
partnered organisations. However, the ARC fund}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13123257 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 single-}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8984351 eligible }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 organisation
proposals }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13123257 where the
case is well justified}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 .
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb100\sa100\sbauto1\saauto1\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnu
m\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid8984351 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8984351\charrsid7952576 LIEF is targeted at
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13123257 infrastructure to support ARC funded
research, which is typically of a smaller scale relative to NCRIS, EIF
and Super Science}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8984351\charrsid7952576 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 LIEF funding is awarded
through a }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8984351 rigorous
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
competitive}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8984351 process}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 with a high level of consistency
between the process and timeframes for each round. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8984351\charrsid8984351
The competitiveness of LIEF proposals is enhanced where there is a strong
\'93need for excellent Australian researchers to access the proposed
infrastructure, equipment and facilities\'94. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13123257
LIEF has provided funds for access to a limited number of national and
international facilities, where the annual investment is small (< $1 M
pa) and there has generally been a historical element to the
funding.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8984351\charrsid8984351
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8984351\charrsid8984351
For LIEF projects commencing in 2011, an ARC investment of $30.9 million
will fund 78 projects, of which 7 are single-eligible organisation
projects}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid10885322\charrsid8984351 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid10885322 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\super\insrsid16331818 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid8984351
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid10885322
 HYPERLINK "http://www.arc.gov.au/ncgp/lief/LIEF11_selrpt.htm"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid10885322 {\*\datafield
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1d7f48af2c825dc485276300000000a5ab0000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid10885322
http://www.arc.gov.au/ncgp/lief/LIEF11_selrpt.htm}}}\sectd
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otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj }}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8984351\charrsid8984351 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322\charrsid7952576 The amount of funding
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322 grante}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322\charrsid7952576 d for }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322 LlEF
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322\charrsid7952576
projects }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322
c}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322\charrsid8984351
ommencing in 2011}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10885322 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10885322\charrsid7952576 ranged from $}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322 140,000}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10885322\charrsid7952576 to $}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10885322 1.3\~}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10885322\charrsid7952576 m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10885322 illion.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\a
djustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
National Health Research Enabling Capabilities (NHREC)
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang9\langfe3081\langnp9\insrsid11235556\charrsid11235556
The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) has developed
the National Health Research Enabling Capabilities (NHREC)
scheme}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\lang9\langfe3081\super\langnp9\insrsid11235556\charrsid2035
547
\chftn {\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid11235556 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }
{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK
"http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/grants/apply/infrastructure.htm" }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
{\*\datafield
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otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang9\langfe3081\langnp9\insrsid11235556\charrsid11235556
 to replace its Enabling Grants scheme. The aim of the NHREC scheme is to
support high quality, world-class research capabilities and facilities
that will enhance the national health and medical research effort in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
, be accessible to researchers nationwide and which are essential for
NHMRC-funded research. It seeks to add value to current NHMRC research
funding by creating a more strategic approach to the identification of
national health research needs.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\lang9\langfe3081\langnp9\insrsid4605450
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang9\langfe3081\langnp9\insrsid11235556\charrsid11235556
The scheme is designed to fund smaller scale facilities (currently up to
$1-2 million per year) and support is available for a maximum period of
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang9\langfe3081\langnp9\insrsid11235556 five}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\lang9\langfe3081\langnp9\insrsid11235556\charrsid11235556
years.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\lang9\langfe3081\langnp9\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\a
djustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 Block Grants
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\tx2340\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjust
right\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
A variety of Australian Government programs provide funding to
organisations to support the indirect costs of research \endash such as
infrastructure \endash
 not covered by the competitive grants schemes. These grants are
allocated using performance based formula. Block Grants do not require
the organisation to use the funds on specific projects
or areas of intent. Such grants provide the flexibility for organisations
to make investments based on their own priorities, which might include
developing capacity to undertake research in emerging research areas.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The formula for grants such as the
Resea
rch Infrastructure Block Grant Scheme (RIBG)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid3174382 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1854154 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 HYPERLINK
"http://www.innovation.gov.au/Section/Research/Pages/ResearchInfrastructu
reBlockGrantsScheme.aspx" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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eBlockGrantsScheme.aspx}}}\sectd
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\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 , and the
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\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 and the
Independent Research Institute Infrastructure Support Scheme
(IRIISS)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid2035547 \chftn {\footnote
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\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 is based
on a calculation of the}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 relative success of an
organisation in attracting research inco
me from competitive funding schemes.
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The Sustainable Research Excellence
(SRE)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid1854154\charrsid2035547 \chftn {\footnote
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}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
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cellence(SRE).aspx}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj }}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 program announced in }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
 will augment RIBG and provide additional support to universities in
meeting the indirect costs of their research activities. Its other obje
ctive is to support universities to build and maintain research
excellence through the implementation of best practice financial
management, performance and reporting frameworks.
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid14766995 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 The future funding
formula is still being considered, but the most recent consultation
document outlined options using a combination of:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
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\lin720\itap0\pararsid14766995 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 the level of Australian Competitive
Grant Income}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3676775 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}the
results of the Transparent Costing exercise; and
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
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\lin720\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1854154\charrsid7952576 the results of the Excellence in
Research for Australia (ERA) process.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\a
djustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid11564515\charrsid7952576 Direct budget allocations
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14315238 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10246014\charrsid7952576 Some support for research
infrastructure is provided through }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14047031\charrsid7952576 budget
allocations }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10246014\charrsid7952576 of funding for}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14047031\charrsid7952576
 publicly funded research agencies}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16533219\charrsid7952576 and other research
organisations}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13383615\charrsid7952576 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14047031\charrsid7952576
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16533219\charrsid7952576
Direct budget allocations are also the primary source of funding for
landmark research infrastructure, such as the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5195042\charrsid7952576
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16533219\charrsid7952576 research reactor.
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10246014\charrsid7952576 There
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13383615\charrsid7952576 has not been an agreed }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10246014\charrsid7952576 process to identify
and prioritise landmark research infrastructure investment}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13383615\charrsid7952576 to date; }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8352964\charrsid7952576 however }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10246014\charrsid7952576
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose} has }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13383615\charrsid7952576
developed a proposed process in consultation with key stakeholders for
the Minister\rquote s consideration.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10246014\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16533219\charrsid7952576
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14366213 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid12152738\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789317}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798755}State and
Territory Government Programs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc280798755}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc275789317}The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317
Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 Government is not the only
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} investing in research
infrastructure. State and Territory }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 s also provide significant funds for
research infrastructure and are likely to invest with a view to the
interests of their jurisdictions. They may also make investment decisions
to leverage the advantages of }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11028950\charrsid7952576 funding
from the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317
Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 Government and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16596953\charrsid7952576 other }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11028950\charrsid7952576 sources}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid11679236 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4809502
State Government programs in this area include the Science Leveraging
Fund and TechVouchers programs in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
State}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}New South
Wales{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2234443 The Victorian and Queensland Governments
have previously funded programs in this area: the Science Technology and
Innovation Initiative and the Smart State Strategy respectively.
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11679236\charrsid11679236 The South Australian Government,
through its Science and Information Economy Directorate,\~facilitates the
identification and coordination of relevant local research
communities\~to engage and contribute to\~
national research infrastructure of relevance to
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
State}}South Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11679236 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4809502 Whilst NSW is the only State with a }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3697746 current }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4809502 program }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4553860 specifically targeted}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3697746 to research
infrastructure investment, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4809502 other States and Territories }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7765054 have indicated}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3697746 interest in }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4809502 new programs being implemented in the
future.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6645394
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14366213 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid2190494\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798756}Other }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid16596953\charrsid7952576 sources of funding}
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid14047031\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798756}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 Philanthropic
organisations are increasingly important in providing funding for
research infrastructure. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6623334
This is particularly true in the medical research sector where
philanthropic organisations have supported such facilities as the Clive
Berghoffer Cancer Research Facility and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16218955
the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 Such organisations are }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9918553 usually }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576
guided by their own missions and goals}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9918553 rather than}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 priorities identified by
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 g}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 overnment}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 s. }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11411739
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1064788\charrsid7952576
The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8869511\charrsid7952576
private}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1064788\charrsid7952576
sector is
a large source of funding for research and development }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8869511\charrsid7952576 in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}. }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12134640\charrsid7952576
A}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8869511\charrsid7952576
lthough private firms invest in their own r}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12134640\charrsid7952576
esearch infrastructure, this investment is to meet their }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3880883\charrsid7952576 specific
needs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12134640\charrsid7952576
 and is not usually accessible by public researchers}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13976381\charrsid7952576 .
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid14366213 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid4665617\charrsid7952576
{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK1}{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK2}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798757}International }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid1986170\charrsid7952576 dimension}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid11411739\charrsid7952576 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc280798757}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10970433 {\*\bkmkstart
CursorPositionBM}{\*\bkmkend _Ref262135575}{\*\bkmkend
_Toc275789322}Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10970433\charrsid7952576 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7829632\charrsid7952576 investment in research infrastructure
is not limited to Australian based facilities.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8268390 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16148072 In some }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3879288 instances,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16148072 it is more appropriate for
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
 to contribute to multinational facilities to gain the best benefit for
Australian science. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9918553
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10900883
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} is a direct investor in
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7761073 some }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16148072 i}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10900883 nternational research infrastructure,
such as the Giant Magellan Telescope}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3676775 (GMT)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16148072 and CERN}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10900883 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16148072
There are clear benefits in contributing to}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10900883
 an international collaboration to create global
infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16148072 . Such
infrastructure is unlikely to be able to be built by
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} alone and}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3879288 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16148072 by being part of a global }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3879288 collaboration,}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16148072 we ensure Australian
researchers are able to access the best kit in the world. }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10900883
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3676775
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} also }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10225675 subscribes}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3676775 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16148072 to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10225675
international }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16148072
facilities, such as the Gemini Obser
vatory and the Global Biodiversity Information Facility}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3870856 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid16148072 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2753979 By
becoming a subscriber or member}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3870856 , }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2753979 {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3870856 purchase}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10225675 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3870856 a
\lquote seat at the table\rquote in an international field or
forum}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7761073
, which}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3870856 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2753979 in turn }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3870856 facilitate}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7761073 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3870856 access to international facilities, data
and learned institutes.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9918553
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7761073
\par Investment in international infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2753979 ensure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7761073 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2753979
that {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} has }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10695660 a }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2753979 high level of engagement with global science
community.}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9918553
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s1\ql
\li0\ri0\pagebb\widctlpar\brdrb\brdrs\brdrw10\brsp20
\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\outlinelevel0\adjustright\rin0\lin0\i
tap0\pararsid9244244 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs32\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f89\fs32\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8085681 {\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798758}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK1}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK2}{\*\bkmkend
CursorPositionBM}Proposed }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244 components of a strategic framework}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc280798758}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9244244 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid12977260 As described in the previous
section, there }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 are}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid12977260 currently }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 several}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid12977260 programs
to support different aspec}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 ts of research infrastructure. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid12977260 The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid12977260 is seeking advice
from {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 on how to create a
more cohesive and coordinated landscape,}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid12977260
particularly in terms of the development of future research
infrastructure funding programs.
\par The
 recent NCRIS Evaluation and the experience gained through implementing
the Super Science Initiative and the Education Investment Fund projects
have provided valuable insight into the strengths and weaknesses of
different approaches to research infrastruc
ture funding.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
\par The issues that have arisen from these experiences, }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 from discussions at {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
 and consultation with stakeholders}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
can be grouped under a number of broad headings.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid10695660 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10695660 This section seeks to articulate the questions and
importance of each of thes
e issues, leading to further discussion and possible responses to each.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid2389264 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2389264
The objective of the framework is to identify principles which will guide
the development of policy advice and design of future programs related to
the funding of research infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2389264\charrsid15347978

\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206
The paper also seeks to highlight that each of the principles can apply
to a relative extent, depending on the scale of the research
infrastructure investment. For the purpose of this paper, investment in
research infrastructure has been divided into
three groups:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid15410206\charrsid3877583 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls41\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid3877583 Local}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 \endash
 research infrastructure which could be expected to be }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10029856 owned }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 and operated within a single institution.
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid10029856\charrsid3877583 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid10029856\charrsid3877583 National}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 \endash research infrastructure on a scale not
a}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10029856 ppropriate to
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 be }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10029856
owned or operated}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 by a
single institution and which often supports collaborative research and is
generally regarded as part of the national research capability.
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid15410206\charrsid3877583 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid3877583 Landmark}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 \endash large-scale facilities (which may be
single-site or distributed) that serve large and diverse user
communities, are generally regarded as part of
the global research capability, and engage national and international
collaborators in investment and access protocols.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206
It is also a basic assumption of this discussion paper that ICT
infrastructure is a pervasive and underpinning requirement needed to
support all research and research collaboration.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13458737 The evolution in the recognition of the
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2389264 role}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13458737 of eResearch infrastructure has been
marked over recent years, particularly }
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12665881 in light of the fact
that almost a third of funding under }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13458737 the Super Science initiative was allocated to
eResearch infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13458737 Access to data, advanced networks, high performance
computing facilities and collaboration tools are }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15483813
now fundamental underpinning}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13458737 research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15483813 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7673893
 across a wide range of disciplines and research activities.}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid15341952 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid2389264 {\*\bkmkstart
_Ref261964953}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789332}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc275789330}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240236}\page }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182 {\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798759}Definition of infrastructure{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798759}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 A clear definition of research
infrastructure is required in order to have a shared understanding of the
scope of considerations in the Strategic Framework, and in any future
funding programs.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241 Different
countries and organisations define research infrastructure in different
ways.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241\charrsid15347978
 This arises from the various contexts in which the term is
used}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241 and the need to
encompass support }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10815241\charrsid15347978
for the full range of research endeavours including science and the
humanities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241
,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241\charrsid15347978 and
the broad range of infrastructure required includi}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241 ng major facilities,
equipment and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10815241\charrsid15347978 distributed infrastructure.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10252045 Definitions
differ}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241
slightly}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10815241\charrsid15347978 depending on the goals and
outcomes}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241 of each particular investment program.
While this provides flexibility, this has resulted in some
key elements of research infrastructure not being picked up in the
system, namely the provision of operating and maintenance costs.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid814551 NRIT}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid10290507 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 proposed the following }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid10290507 definition of research
infrastructure:
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li540\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin540\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid10290507 Research infrastructure comprises
the assets, facilities
and services, which support organised research across the innovation
cycle and which maintain capacity of researchers to undertake organised
research.
\par The Taskforce excludes academic personnel directly responsible for
research and the direct cost of their research (such as, travel and
consumables)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid3891816 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid11207830 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3891816 \rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 }{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
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http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Documents/NRIT_Report.pdf}
}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699
 (2004), p.5.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid10290507 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952
In addition to adopting the NRIT definition, the NCRIS Investment
Framework included the following advice for facilitators in developing
their investment plans:
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li539\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\
lin539\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 NCRIS funding may be applied to the
establishment, operation and}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 development of research
infrastructure facilities, including associated}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 staffing
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 c}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 osts. This may include a
mix of expenditure on:
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi541\li539\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin539\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 \u8722\'2d Operation of existing
facilities;
\par \u8722\'2d Enhancement of existing facilities;
\par \u8722\'2d Establishment and operation of new facilities; and
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi541\li540\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjus
tright\rin0\lin540\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 \u8722\'2d Gaining access to offshore
facilities.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li539\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin539\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 As the NCRIS programme is aimed at
the implementation and}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 development of research
infrastructure, NCRI}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 S
funds must not be }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 applied}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 to research activities
themselves}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid6828112 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3891816 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 }
{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 HYPERLINK
"http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Documents/Invest_Framewk.pdf"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
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\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699
http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Documents/Invest_Framewk.pdf}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 , (2006),
p.13}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112
.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 The NCRIS distinction between re
search infrastructure and research activities was provided in part to
differentiate NCRIS from some earlier programs which had included some
elements of research, such as the Systemic Infrastructure Initiative, and
to place research-related costs clearly
in the research funding sphere.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815241 There are
advantages to having an agreed definition including supporting a broader
understanding with respect to the role of funding programs.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 Definitions used
in other jurisdictions have sought to clarify slightly different
issues, particularly in terms of the place of collections and ICT
infrastructures in the broader research infrastructure context.
\par T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid12977260
he European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructure and the European
Commission both define research infrastructure by }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 providing }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid12977260
a}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 list of examples
that are explicitly included:
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li540\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin540\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \ai\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid15352859 \'85
facilities, resources and related services that are used by the
scientific community to conduct top-level research in their respective
fields. This definition covers: major scientific equipment or set
 of instruments; knowledge-based resources such as collections, archives
or structure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \ai\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8657468
d}{\rtlch\fcs1 \ai\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid15352859
 scientific information; enabling ICT-based e-Infrastructures such as
Grid, computing, software and communication networks; any other entity of
a unique nature essential to achieve excellence in research}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid15352859 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid11422406 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179
European Commission
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179
Framework Program 7 Capacities Work Programme:
Infrastructures}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179 }{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179
 HYPERLINK
"http://ec.europa.eu/research/infrastructures/pdf/n_wp_201001_en.pdf#view
=fit&pagemode=none" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179 {\*\datafield
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70065006d006f00640065003d006e006f006e0065000000}}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179 http://ec.europa.e
u/research/infrastructures/pdf/n_wp_201001_en.pdf#view=fit&pagemode=none}
}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 ,
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid12745179 July 2009}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 , pp 3 -
4.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid15352859 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952
However research infrastructure is defined, inclusion explicitly or
implicitly in a definition will not necessarily result in particular
types of infrastructure being funded.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10252045
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 A key issue that
has arisen in this respect, which was particularly pertinent in NCRIS
considerations, was that of the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid12977260
digitisation of research collections }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 and whether that }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid12977260 could be considered as an
infrastructure investment.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 It was the view of the NCRIS committee that
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid12977260
digitised collections}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid12977260 are in fact research
infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10252045 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc275789330}
{\*\bkmkend _Toc277240236}
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
It is therefore considered valuable to establish a definition of research
infrastructure within the Strategic Framework to ensure that it
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
captures an appropriately broad range of elements }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 while avoiding the
consideration}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 of that
which is properly }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15863821 identified as }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 research.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10515808
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10515808\charrsid10515808
It is also important to recognise }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid812434 at a fundamental level }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10515808\charrsid10515808
that research infrastructure located in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
 forms part of an international research community and that key research
infrastructure required and used by Australian researchers can include
facilities and instruments located in other parts of the
world.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10515808
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8289533
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
 also considers that the definition should explicitly reference the
excellent research and innovation outcomes expected from research
infrastructure investment}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15483382 \endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8289533 to deliver the maximum outcome for the nation for the
money invested.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15863821 The following is
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4282894
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname PersonName}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}'s proposed
definition:}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15863821

\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid2380280\charrsid2380280 Definition of Research
Infrastructure
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid16066023\charrsid6948902
Research infrastructure comprises the assets, facilities and services
which support researc
h across the innovation system and which maintain the capacity of
researchers to undertake excellent research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid7042447 and deliver innovation outcomes}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid16066023\charrsid6948902 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid16066023
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid7042447 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240237}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798760}Continuity of
funding}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid10506365\charrsid4328182 {\*\bkmkend _Toc280798760}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 There are two broad sets of concerns
within the issue of continuity of funding:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 1.\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls38\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 ongoing}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7042447 , predictable}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 funding for}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7042447 research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 programs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10029856 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 and
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7042447 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1 2.\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7042447 continuity of funding for individual
projects where they continue to be a priority}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 .
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid1926522 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3504120
The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522
first issue was highlighted in the NRIT }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11422406 r}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522
eport}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid8325665\charrsid8325665 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\super\insrsid16331818 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0
\insrsid16331818 }{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 HYPER
LINK "http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Documents/NRIT_Report.pdf"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
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http://ncris.innovation.gov.au/Documents/NRIT_Report.pdf}
}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 (2004), p 7}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11219699 .}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522 . During the consultations undertaken by
NRIT}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3631352 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522 concerns were expressed }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2389264 at}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1926522 the ad}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1926522 hoc nature of the S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204 ystemic }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3631352 I}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204
nfrastructure Initiative (SII)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522 and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204 the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522
M}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 ajor }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522 N}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14421204 ational }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522 R}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204 esearch }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1926522 F}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14421204 acilities Program (MNRF)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522 , which was said to:}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3504120
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid1926522 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls37\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid1926522 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1926522 undermine research institutions\rquote capacity to
plan and prioritise research infrastructure needs;}
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 and}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid1926522 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-357\li714\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls37\adjustright\rin0
\lin714\itap0\pararsid1051967 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1926522
encourage submissions that do not necessarily reflect overall
infrastructure priorities, do not provide the best potential
collaborations and co-investment a}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967 nd are not carefully costed.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1926522
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid467035 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967 The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11422406
2}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11422406\charrsid7952576 008 Review of the
National Innovation System }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid11422406\charrsid7952576 (Venturous Australia \endash
building strength through innovation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid11422406\charrsid6357087 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid11422406 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 Venturous Australia \endash
building strength in innovation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2008,
}{\field\fldedit{\*\fldinst {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK
"http://www.innovation.gov.au/innovationreview/Pages/home.aspx"
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
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http://www.innovation.gov.au/innovationreview/Pages/home.aspx}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11422406\charrsid6357087 )}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11422406 }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 also highlighted
the}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967\charrsid1051967
episodic and ad hoc approach to funding infrastructure for research in
Australia}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967 and recommended ongoing funding for a successor
program to NCRIS }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967\charrsid1051967 for 10 years}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967\charrsid1051967 including capital and operational
support}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967\charrsid1051967 of $150 to $200
million per annum.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid1051967 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967 The ad hoc nature and variable lead times of the EIF
funding rounds }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035 has }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13915500 affected}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967 the quality of submissions.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 In the second round of EIF, }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13915500 for example}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 , institutions had two weeks}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13915500 '}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 notice to submit funding
applications in what was an accelerated round to feed into the
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967
's fiscal stimulus program.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967
While the funding available in that round was widely welcomed, the lack
of notice meant that some project applications were clearly put together
very quickly and not of a sufficient quality.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967 Successful projects in that round
were likely to have been in development within the institutions for some
time, in case an opportunity arose to seek funding.
\par In more normal circumstances, greater notice of the opening of ro
unds should result in higher quality applications and level the playing
field somewhat, so that the best ideas have a better chance of success,
rather than those that happen to be ready at the time.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid467035 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid15347978 It will also encourage reasonable
beh}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035 aviour by those seek
ing funding in that proposals for investment would be more likely to come
forward when needed and mature rather than be rushed in response to
periodic and unpredictable funding rounds.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1051967
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967\charrsid467035 The
regular nature of funding opportunities and the ability to undertake long
term planning to best take advantage of these opportunities is one of the
highly valued features of the ARC
\rquote s LIEF program.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1051967
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035
The second issue is particularly relevant to national or landmark scale
research infrastructure. Thes}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073 e }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035
projects }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073 require}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978 long }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073 term investment, often with considerable}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978 planning and construction times,
and lifetimes that can be measured in decades. Commitment to
funding}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073
such}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978 infrastructure facilities in the
medium to long term is an element that has often been missing from
funding programs. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978 Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978
 recognised the importance of a commitment to long-term support for
innovation in general. It noted that groundbreaking innovation requires
sustained commitment, sometimes for decades. Translating new ideas
requires an innovation sy
stem that offers an unbroken path from vision to realisation.
\par Beyond running costs, expenses such as upgrades, routine
maintenance, replacement of }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073 components}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978
 and natural growth are not currently provided for,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073 which may result in shorter than optimal
viability for some infrastructure assets, with resultant impacts on
research capacity.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978 As noted in
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978
Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid14693073\charrsid3174382 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid14693073 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Powering Ideas: An Innovation Agenda for the 21}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
st}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 Century}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 2009}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 , p 53.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978 , when making investments in
research an}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073
d}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978
 innovation infrastructure, it is essential that we keep
thin}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073 king beyond the
needs of today.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid467035 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid467035 The absence of
 an identified successor program for NCRIS, for example, has raised
concerns within the sector that some research infrastructure that has
been developed through NCRIS will cease to be supported or available at
the end of that program's funding.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035\charrsid467035 This
raises
 serious issues for host institutions, where expectations of ongoing
operation and access exist beyond the life of a funding program but the
external funds to support access have ceased.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665\charrsid8325665
 There are also flo}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665 w-
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665\charrsid8325665 on
effects for researchers who rely upon the infrastructure as part of the
basis for their research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid467035
\par Similarly, the time and cost expended in establishing effective
sector-based governance structures, such as the company that implements
AuScope or the less formal collaborative arrangements underpinning the
Integrated Marine Observing System, }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8066570 are}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035\charrsid467035 such that a short or
undefined period of operation acts as a disincentive to establishing
effective collaborative structures such as these.
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978
Thus, commitment to continuity of funding should be a central
consideration for the provider of the funding. Continuity of funding
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035
for infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14693073
will facilitate effective}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14693073\charrsid15347978 strategic planning by institutions
and the research community. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665 In addition, there are e}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035\charrsid15347978 xamples where the
infrastructure requires ongoing custodianship (s
uch as collections and databases), or data streams that are of value only
when they are continuous. For landmark infrastructure, funding certainty
for the useful life of the project is likely to be desirable.
\par {\*\bkmkend _Toc275789332}{\*\bkmkend _Toc277240237}This commitment
to providing some measure of certainty around funding for }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665 ongoing operations of }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid15347978 research infrastructure must also
include a mechanism for terminating investments and concluding
projects.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid15347978 Therefore ongoing funding should only
be available for }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665
infrastructure that }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid15347978 continue}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8325665 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid467035\charrsid15347978 to be a national
priority.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid467035
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244
Principle}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid7351749
s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid11537606 \endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 Continuity of funding
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid7351749\charrsid7351749 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid7351749\charrsid7351749 Research infrastructure funding
programs should be ongoing and predictable.
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid15863186 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid7351749 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15863186 Infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid7351749\charrsid7351749 that continue}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid15863186 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid7351749\charrsid7351749 to be a
priority}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid7351749\delrsid7351749\charrsid7351749 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid7351749\charrsid7351749 should be able to access
fund}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid6173969 ing}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid7351749\charrsid7351749 for ongoing
operations.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid7351749\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow
\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard\plain \ltrpar
\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid5187956 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid5187956\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789334}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240241}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798761}{\*\bkmkend _Ref261964953}Holistic funding{\*\bkmkend
_Toc280798761}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15863186\charrsid15347978 In 2004, NRIT noted that
the funding of \'93whole-of-life\'94 costs was vital for the
sustainability of research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid15863186\charrsid3241795 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid15863186 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Recommendation 7
\endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid15146048 Final Report of the National
Research Infrastructure Taskforce}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2004.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs20\insrsid15863186\charrsid3241795
.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15863186\charrsid15347978
 This led to the decision to incorporate support for governance,
operating costs, maintenance and skilled technical support into the NCRIS
program. As noted in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid15863186\charrsid15347978
NCRIS Evaluation Report}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15863186\charrsid15347978 , this was one of the most
successful aspects of the program, and was overwhelmingly supported by
stakeholders.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15863186

\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 Amongst other key
findings}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid3753144
, the evaluation found that the NCRIS program is cost-effective; one of t
he particular outcomes that contributes to its cost-effectiveness is its
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \ab\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid3753144
willingness to invest in human capital and operating costs}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid3753144 , resulting in superior service
delivery and viability of facilities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3174382\charrsid3753144 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3174382 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 {\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK11}
{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK12}NCRIS Evaluation Report}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 , June 2010,
p}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK11}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK12} }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 30.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid3753144 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
\par The NCRIS evaluation also found that}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 :}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li540\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin540\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956 Current uncertai
nty about future funding for research infrastructure, particularly the
provision of funding for operating costs and specialist staff, creates
management difficulties for current capabilities and places
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} at risk of losing the highly-
skilled work-force required for the efficient operation of sophisticated
facilities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3174382\charrsid10501549 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3174382 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid10501549 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid10501549
}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 NCRIS
Evaluation Report}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 , June 2010, p}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\delrsid3891816\charrsid10501549 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid10501549
28.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 .}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6173969\charrsid3753144
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15863186
As the EIF can only fund the creation and development of research
infrastructure, key}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
aspects supported by NCRIS are not able to be funded from EIF, through
Super Science or competitive rounds.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956 These include:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls37\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691 Governance}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
 structures, payments to Boards, costs of maintaining company or other
corporate structures;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid5187956 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 O}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691 utreach}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 activities, which have been used in
NCRIS to ensure broad awareness of research infrastructure and to
maximise the effective uptake and use of that
infrastructure;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}O}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
perating costs, such as the significant power bills for high performance
computing facilities, essential to their operations; and}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls37\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691 Skilled technical staff to support
researchers' use of facilities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid1263691
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid12977260 In particular, the inability to fund
operational costs }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 and skilled technical and
specialist staff}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid12977260 have been seen by }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 many }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid12977260 sector participants as a
step backwards from the progre}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956 ss made in the design of NCRIS.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3408257
 Indeed, the NCRIS evaluation found that funding operational costs
produced a more efficient and productive use of facilities}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3408257\charrsid3408257
\chftn {\footnote \ltrpar
\pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid3408257 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3408257
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 NCRIS Evaluation
Report}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3277001 , June
2010, p}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\delrsid3891816\charrsid10501549 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 30.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3408257 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6173969 While
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 other participants
would be able to fund these aspects,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12194779 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956 the Super Science Initiative }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1714427 did not provide funding}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12194779 for}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956 a facilitation process.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 This meant that the kind of consultation
and neg
otiation that in the case of NCRIS would have preceded a decision as to
the location of a new facility was not able to occur.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956
In some cases, this has led to pressure on identified hosts of
infrastructure to find significant co-investment after the announcement
of the Super Science funding.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid12977260
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid4328182 Project Planning
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
Project planning involves putting in place the elements required for
successful completion of the project. Many }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956 elements are}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
 required before }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
a}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
project is }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 properly
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 commenced}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 , including}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 : verified project costing
estimates}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 setting up appropriate governance
and administrative support}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 planning }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 approvals}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
 and commitment to co-investment and ongoing support from host
institutions and others. Proper project preparation and planning
influences not only the establishment or construction phases of a
project, but also contributes to the project}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 '}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 s long-term outcomes. }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
Many excellent research infrastructure projects, particularly
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14623071 at the }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
national and landmark }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14623071
scale}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 may not come
forward in a project-ready state. The cre
ation of excellent research infrastructure facilities requires careful
and rigorous planning and consultation. This planning needs to be funded
somewhere in the system. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956
\par T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
he }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
Strategic Roadmap 2006}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
 identified priority capability areas where investment would
 benefit Australian science. Once a capability was identified and a
funding envelope agreed, a facilitator, paid for from NCRIS funds, was
engaged to consult with the relevant community and develop an investment
plan for the creation of a research infrast
ructure capability for consideration by the NCRIS committee.
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
Approved investment plans were developed into project plans that were
incorporated into funding agreements. These plans usually incorporated
the requirement for annual business plans to allow for
 some flexibility in the implementation of the project as it evolved over
time. This approach of roadmapping to determine priority areas for
development, followed by facilitation and consultation to achieve project
plan development was strongly endorsed i
n the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 NCRIS Evaluation
Report}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
.
\par A complementary approach could be to ensure that some research
infrastructure program funding is set aside for approved scoping and
project development costs. This is likely to be particularly valuable for
large or complex pro
jects, or those involving construction. In a collaborative environment,
it is unreasonable to expect a single institution to bear the project
development costs for research infrastructure that is national in scale
and scope.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid15145153 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956 Principle }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid6186477 Holistic Funding \endash
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid5187956 Project
Planning}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid15145153 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 Funding programs should consider
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956
setting aside some funding for project development costs, either for a
facilitation-based process or for project development and scoping
activities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15145153\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16071822 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16071822 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid4328182 Running costs
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16071822 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6228606 As identified in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid3877583\charrsid3877583 NCRIS Evaluation Report}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6228606 , p}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
rovision of support for skilled technicians to operate research
infrastructure is seen as critical to the success of research
infrastructure facilities. It allows facilities to provide a high quality
service to users, ensures that the infrastructure
 is used correctly and not damaged by inexperienced users and frees up
researchers to do research. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6228606
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 In addition, one
element of successful facilities is the capacity to promote the available
infrastructure in order to maximise uptake and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 move towards }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 full
utilisation, as well as articulate the value of the research it supports.
This outreach role is not covered within the scope of EIF funding but has
been a feature of a number of successful NCRIS projects.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 A
key concern for research infrastructure operators is }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6228606 the need}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
 to provide career paths and employment }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6228606 security}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6228606\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 for skilled staff}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6228606 , particularly where
there is un}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 certainty regarding provision of
operating costs.
\par For local infrastructure, provision of operational support may not
be an issue where }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 it
is}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
fund
ed by the host institution. However, the funding of governance and other
operational costs for national and landmark infrastructure is vital for
their future accessibility, utilisation, and viability. }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6228606

\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8414307 T}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6060584 he SRE }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8414307 initiative }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6060584 is providing }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8414307 significant }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6060584 additional support }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15498928 to cover}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6060584 the indirect costs of research}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8414307 . However}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6060584 it }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15498928 is only available to universities. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8414307
With respect to covering the operating costs of national, collaborative
infrastructure,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15498928
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6060584 it is problematic to
expect a host institution to allocate }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15498928 its }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6060584 SRE funding to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8414307 pay to operate}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6060584 infrastructu}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15498928 r}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6060584 e}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15498928 used by a range of institutions.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6060584
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 It is widely
recognised that travel costs are a direct cost of research rather than a
component of research infrastructure and as such these costs should not
be considered as part of a re
search infrastructure funding application nor a funding
model.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8414307\charrsid15347978
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid15145153 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956 Principle }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid6186477 Holistic Funding \endash
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid5187956 Running
Costs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid11683099 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 Funding programs }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956 should }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid14315238 be able to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956 support all aspects of research
infrastructure including, in addition to capital costs, funding for
governance,
 skilled technical support staff, operations and
maintenance.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \trowd
\irow0\irowband0\lastrow \ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-
108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrv
\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15145153\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16071822 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16071822 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid9450131 Depreciation
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid16071822 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6228606
In general, Australian research infrastructure funding programs have not
funded depreciation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10444208 .
The NCRIS Committee, for example, considered that where institutions
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15890103 such as }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317 Australian }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15890103 Government departments }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10444208 were required to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8220947 set aside cash to cover}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10444208 their depreciation expenses}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2957975 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10444208 they should }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15890103 have to}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8220947 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10444208 ensure they }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8220947 were able to}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10444208 meet }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8220947 those }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10444208 expenses before taking on ownership of NCRIS funded
assets.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6228606

\par Any proposal to provide funding support for depreciation would
impact negatively on the funding available for research infrastructure,
diluting the amount of funding available for the creation, development
and operation of new infrastructure.
\par It should be noted that depreciation is not an allowable indirect
cost in the context of the SRE initiative.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8017922 There is a
separate issue regarding the treatment of depreciation in Australian
Government agencies, as distinct from funding programs, which has not
been considered in this framework.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid15145153 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956 Principle }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid6186477 Holistic Funding \endash
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid5187956
Depreciation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid5187956 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid2957975 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956
Depreciation for research infrastructure facilities }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3408257
should}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956 not be funded
by Australian }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid4066487
Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956 funding
programs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid2957975 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid3768128 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5187956\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15145153\tbllk
hdrrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard\plain \ltrpar
\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid10252045 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798762}P}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid15145153\charrsid4328182 r}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182 ioritisation}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid8268390\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798762}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid12977260 As a mid-sized
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 econom}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1115091 y }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952
and in a tight fiscal environment,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1115091 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}
{\*\xmlclose} needs to prioritise its investment in research
infrastructure and consider its priorities in }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid143343 both a national and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 an international context.

\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid2896637 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 recognised the central role of
prioritisation in achieving}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 successful investment in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s innovation
system}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637 , suggesting that
this be a rigorous program undertaken in conjunction with careful
planning and close collaboration with stakeholders}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid2896637\charrsid14630482 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid2896637 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Powering Ideas: An Innovation Agenda for the 21}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
st}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 Century}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 2009, p
53.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637 .}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s capacity to invest in
research an}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637 d research
infrastructure must }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 be considered in the context of its
modest resource base. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637
\par The most commonly used measures of research capacity are gross
expenditure on research and development (GERD)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\super\insrsid2896637 \chftn {\footnote \ltrpar
\pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid2896637 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid3805418 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3805418 The most
commonly used measures of research capacity are
 gross expenditure on research and development (GERD) relative to GDP and
population. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid15100924 Australian Innovation System
Report 2010}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3805418 , p 30.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637 relative to}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 Gross Domestic Product
(GDP)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637 and population. {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s GERD is currently
2.06 per cent, ranking twelfth among the thirty OECD countries}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid2896637\charrsid14630482 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid2896637 \rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\bkmkstart
OLE_LINK19}{\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK20}Australian Innovation System Report
2010}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , p 30{\*\bkmkend
OLE_LINK19}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK20}.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637 .
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}Australia}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637 {\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote
s R&D expenditure directly funded by its governments at all levels stood
at only 0.77 per cent}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4720560 of }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 OECD R&D expenditure}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637 in 2006}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid2896637\charrsid14630482 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid2896637 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 The
general }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 sector comprises
all }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 units of the }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Government, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 tate and }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 erritory
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 G}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 overnments and each
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
L}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 ocal }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 G}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
overnment authority, as all resident non-market, non-profit institutes
(NPIs) that are controlled and mainly financed by those }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 s. The scope of the ABS R&D
survey in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 sector is based on the OECD definitions, including organisations such as
CSIRO, ANSTO and Geoscience {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978
Purely in terms of scale, {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
 cannot expect to match the research infrastructure capabilities of
larger countries.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Australia}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637 {\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
 should prioritise}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2896637\charrsid15347978 investments in research
infrastructure to ensure the needs of the nation and its best researchers
are met}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637
. This means prioritising investment based on excellent research, or
areas in which {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} seeks to develop leading
research capability.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11413930 Any }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8143820 consideration of research excellence}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10814749
 also needs to be balanced by a focus on innovation outcomes and the
contribution that research makes to productivity and
prosperity.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2896637
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 One of the principles underpinning the NCRIS program
was that:
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin720\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 Infrastructure resources should be
focussed in areas where
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} is,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112
or has the potential to be, world-class (in both discovery and
application}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid6828112 driven
research) and provide international leadership}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 .
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 Subsequent discussion regarding prioritisatio
n of requirements and investment in research infrastructure has
strengthened this principle, particularly in an environment where the ERA
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13123257 framework
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952
will provide significant new data with which to make objective
assessments of research quality and relative research
strength}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13123257 in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s higher education
institutions}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid5187956\charrsid14630482 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid5187956 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 The
Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) Initiative homepage
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
HYPERLINK "http://www.arc.gov.au/era" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
00d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b0200000017000000130000007700770077002e0
06100720063002e0067006f0076002e00610075002f006500720061000000e0c9ea79f9ba
ce118c8200aa004ba90b4c00000068007400740070003a002f002f007700770077002e006
100720063002e0067006f0076002e006100
75002f006500720061000000795881f43b1d7f48af2c825dc485276300000000a5ab0000}
}}{\fldrslt {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
www.arc.gov.au/era}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 .
\par ERA }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1714427 will
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956 not }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10229664 evaluate research undertaken within
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
CSIRO, other P}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11805545 ublicly
Funded Research Agencies}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
and industry.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1714427
 However some of these organisations have developed their own approaches
to evaluating research and priority setting.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5187956
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9123154 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc275789334}{\*\bkmkend _Toc277240241}There are important international
dimensions to national pr}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid878084
iority setting. First, priorities set }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9123154 by competitors or
partners }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid878084
have}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9123154
 direct and indirect impacts on national priority setting exercises. The
most direct impact is via the competition among }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8657468 researchers }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9123154
themselves in the creation and discovery of new knowledge. Strength in
knowledge production in one country \endash specialisation \endash can
influence the direction of specialisation in another country with
different financial
 and intellectual endowments}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11959861 .
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9123154
Foreign funding for research via multinational or public research
organisations may also have an indirect impact on the direction of
research in the receiving country by signalling user demand in a given
area}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid878084 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3891816 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9123154 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9123154 OECD Pr
iority Setting for Public Research Challenges and Opportunities, 26-27
October 2010, International dimensions of priority setting para 47 p
16}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818
.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9123154 .
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4677317 One }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15098455 example of our ability to attract
inward international investment is the CSIRO management of the USDA
laboratories in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} (part of their global
network). CSIRO is paid to undertake this role }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 which }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15098455 came about through {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s long term
relationship with}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 the
U
SDA}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15098455 as well as
research strengths in particular areas and experience in managing
facilities of this scale.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4677317 It is also
important, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11959861 when
identifying priority infrastructure requirements for Australian
researchers, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5117964
that }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11959861 access to
international infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5117964 is considered }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11959861 as }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4677317 an }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11959861
option for Australian researchers.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11959861
In some cases, this will be the only way Australian researchers can
access specific facilities; in others, it may be more cost-effective than
buying or building infrastructure in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid11413930 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4677317
This will fr
equently be the case where there is a relatively small number of
researchers in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose} who need access to particular facilities
and the cost of building the relevant infrastructure in
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} is high.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11413930 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4677317
Given the opportunity costs in such a scenario, enabling access to
overseas infrastructure needs to be considered as part of a process to
prioritise research infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9123154
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid70097 There has been some
criticism that the system of identifying research infrastructure
requirements to date has been biased towards ha
rd physical infrastructure as opposed to information infrastructure,
collections and the kinds of datasets that underpin much research in the
Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences (HASS) sector.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid70097\charrsid70097

\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid4328182
Roadmapping as a tool to determine priorities for research infrastructure
investment
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid5637328 The purpose of developing
a\~roadmap\~
is to inform decisions on where {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} should make strategic
infrastructure investments to further develop its research capacity.\~}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6107187 Specifically,
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6107187\charrsid5637328 what
infrastructure should be prioritised in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place}}Australia}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6107187
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} and what overseas infrastructure should be
prioritised for access}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6107187\charrsid5637328 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6107187
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid5637328
The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3029353 roadmapping
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid5637328
process involves structured and strategic consultations with stakeholders
across the research sector. Initially, expert working groups
are\~established\~to provide specialist advice. Following this there is\~
broad dissemination of a discussion paper seeking sector input with
responses feeding into the development and release of an exposure draft
of the roadmap for further comment.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid5637328
Extensive stakeholder consultations are und
ertaken throughout the process to ensure that the information obtained
clearly articulates what research is important and what capabilities are
needed to support that research. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6107187
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978
The investments made under NCRIS were informed by a consultative process
that resulted in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 National }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid10687795 Collaborative }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 Research
Infrastructure Strategy Strategic Roadmap 2006}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795 . This R}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 oadmap was revised
and updated }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795
through}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 renewed consultations that informed
the }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978
Strategic Roadmap for Australian Research }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid8657468 Infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid8657468\charrsid15347978 }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978
2008}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 .
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978
Both the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 Review of the NCRIS Roadmap and
Facilitation Processes 2007}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 and the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid5637328 NCRIS
Evaluation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid10687795
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978
strongly }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795 supported
roadmapping}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 . Some Australian jurisdictions
(such as {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}South
Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}) have undertaken roadmapping
exercises, demonstrating }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6107187 its}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 useful}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6107187 ness}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 in a range of settings. Roadmapping
has also been used extensively overseas to support }
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795 strategic }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 decision-making
around research infrastructure priorities.
\par It is therefore recognised that roadmapping is an integral part of
prioritisation of research infrastructure investment areas, and it is
proposed that regular revisions of the national strategic roadmap be
undertaken.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7104135
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978
However, the proposed framework principles do not intend to be
prescriptive regarding such activities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10687795
 in order to retain flexibility and to ensure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795\charrsid15347978 that priority-setting
tools can be tailored to specific situations and varied over time.
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10687795

\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid4328182
National Research Priorities and National Innovation Priorities
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 The National Research
Priorities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid7740461 (NRPs)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 were introduced in 2002 and were
designed to focus the Australian Government\rquote
s research effort into those areas that can deliver significant economic,
social and environmental benefits to {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}. }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid9244244
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid3233180 The NRPs were
last reviewed in 2007. Consideration is currently being given to the
scale and scope of a possible future review.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid7740461
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7740461
The current National Research Priorities are:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid7740461 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls31\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7740461 An environmentally sustainable
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose};
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid7740461 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}Promoting and
maintaining good health}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450
;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7740461

\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid7740461 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}Frontier
technologies for building and transforming Australian industries; and
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid7740461 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3 \'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls31\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7740461 Safeguarding {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 The Nati}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159
onal Innovation Priorities (NIPs) }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 identified in }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 Powering
Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159
 complement {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s NRPs}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9785898 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159 combined these help focus public-sector
research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid9785898 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3891816 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid3685438 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid3685438
Commonwealth Parliamentary Debates (Hansard), House of Representatives, 5
December 2002, pp. 9751-9752;
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s National Research Priorities: The
national Research Priorities and their Associated Priority Goals
({\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname City}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
place
}}Canberra{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}: Department of Education, Science
and Technology, 2003).}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159
.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978
The}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159 NIPs }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 are broad priorities aimed at
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159 promoting}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159 collaborative
relationships between research and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13526325 industry. The}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 prioritisation principles}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159 proposed in this
discussion paper would allow}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 current, applicable research
priorities }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159 to}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid410159\charrsid15347978 be used
to inform investment decisions. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid410159
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid410159 A full listing
of the NIPs }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid15484863 is
available }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid410159
at}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9785898 :}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid410159 }{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid8470257 HYPERLINK "}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid8470257\charrsid8470257
http://www.innovation.gov.au/AboutUs/KeyPublications/PortfolioFactSheets/
Documents/POWERING-IDEAS.pdf}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid8470257 " }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
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http://www.innovation.gov.au/AboutUs/KeyPublications/PortfolioFactSheets/
Documents/POWERING-IDEAS.pdf}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9785898\charrsid8470257
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14297025 The}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid5637328 NRPs }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14297025 were used }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid5637328
in the 2006 roadmapping exercise as an organising principle }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid8129633 on which to base }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid5637328 the Expert Working Groups.
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid8129633 E}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9244244\charrsid9463456 ach group examined the strategic
requirements related to each of the NRPs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid8129633 in}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9244244\charrsid9463456 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid8129633 the context of }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9244244\charrsid9463456 the advice received in
consultations and submissions.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid8129633
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\cf1\insrsid9244244\charrsid9463456 For the 2008 Roadmap, it was
decided to base the Expert Working Groups on the NRPs again and include
two additional areas identified for specific consideration \endash
HASS and Information and Communication Technology (ICT).}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\cf1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid5637328
Six expert working groups were therefore utilised for the 2008
roadmapping exercise.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid5637328 The
NRPs }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13526325 have been}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13526325\charrsid5637328 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid5637328 used in this way to enable s
ome focus on broad research areas without seeking to be prescriptive
about research that may cross multiple NRPs and be of inte}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5399987 rest to several working
groups.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid2645347\charrsid4328182
Moving from identifying capabilities to defined investments
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid3877583 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2645347 Once investments have been prioritise
d, particularly in the national, collaborative research infrastructure
category, it is important that a consultative process follows to
determine the best location}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid1714427 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2645347 operating and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5396103 governance arrangements to support the required
research infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1714427
Ther
e are a range of factors which could inform decisions in relation to
location. There are a number of potentially world-scale innovation
precincts emerging in the Australian environment which are built around
large numbers of researchers}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12849358 , significant infrastructure and access
to high speed communications and high end computing. Consideration could
be given to locating research infrastructure in these
precincts.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5396103
\par Th}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12849358 e
consultation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5396103 could take
the shape of a facilitation process, as was used in NCRIS, or some other
arrangement. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12412721 T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5396103
here is value in}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2645347
consultation and negotiation }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5396103 preceding a final }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2645347 decis}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid5396103 ion, to ensure co-investment is identified and taken
account of and suitable collaborative arrangements can be put in
place.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2645347\charrsid12977260
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri572\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
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\ltrpar\ql
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\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244 P}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 rinciples}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid5390947 {\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK5}{\*\bkmkstart
OLE_LINK8} }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid15687908 \endash }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 {\*\bkmkend
OLE_LINK5}{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK8}Prioritisation
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 Prioritisation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
of investment in research infrastructure is necessary to ensure
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
appropriate, effective and efficient investment}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3701206 and to support}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 strategic decision}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3701206 -making}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244
 with regard to national and landmark infrastructure.
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 Any proposed infrastructure
investment should ali
gn with }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 and support
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Australia
{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}\rquote s research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956 , }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 innovation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5187956 and infrastructure}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
priorities.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-357\li714\ri0\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid3408257 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
Funding for {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}\rquote
s research infrastructure should focus on areas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3408257 where {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 -\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li720\ri0\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx1080\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls44\adjustright\rin
0\lin720\pararsid3408257 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244 undertakes world-leading research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid13777266 or innovation}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3408257 ;
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 -\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 has demonstrated a particular strength
in international terms}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3408257 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid13777266 or}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3408257
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid3701206 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 -\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-360\li1080\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx1080\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls44\adjustright\rin
0\lin1080\pararsid13777266 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3701206 has reasons to seek to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 strengthen }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3701206 capacity in }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 an area of research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid13777266 or innovation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 .
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid5390947 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5390947
Processes for f}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 unding
research infra}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5390947 structure should be transparent,
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 provide
effect}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid5390947
ive}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
 use of funds and target intended outcomes.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid6907018 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpa
ddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkh
drcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3 \clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9854\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9450131\charrsid2119579
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkhdrrows\tbllkl
astrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid1729550 Question }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3148881 1}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 : }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid2961809 T
he proposition is to undertake a roadmapping exercise every }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid794725 three}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid2961809 years.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid2961809 Are there reasons why it should be more
or less frequent}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 ?\cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkhdrrows\tbllkl
astrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid2119579
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid1729550 Question }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3148881 2}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 : Are there other
prioritisation processes that should be included in the Strategic
Framework?\cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd
\irow0\irowband0\lastrow \ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-
108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv
\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9849555 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9849555\charrsid2119579
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid2688068 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789335}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240242}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798763}Excellence}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid11486496 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid12997622 in}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\ul\insrsid11486496 research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798763}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 As researchers}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2688068 increasingly}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 come to rely on research infrastructure,
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6647319
ever }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 higher
level}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6647319 s}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 of service will be }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6647319 expected.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15341952 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6647319 I}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952
n order to secure continued funding, facilities will need to demonstrate
high levels of professionalism \endash indeed, excellence \endash in
the delivery of their services.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
{\*\bkmkend _Toc275789335}{\*\bkmkend
_Toc277240242}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} has
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
demonstrated}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 that it can produce world-beating
innovations, but it is }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
becoming}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
increasingly difficult to compete international}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14951231 ly}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 . As recognised in }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 , a stronger innovation system is n
eeded to support jobs and growth and to build skills and research
capacity. As one of the key inputs aimed at generating a stronger
innovation system, research infrastructure must be developed so that it
supports and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244 enables}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 excellence. It should therefore
 aim to be world-class, if not world-leading, and it should aim to foster
excellent, world-class research for all scales of infrastructure
investment.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14951231 In addition to
supporting excellent research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid10557116 (as discussed in the previous section on
prioritisation)}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14951231
, research infrastructure also needs to be constructed, implemented and
operated in a }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10557116
professional }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14951231
manner. As research becomes more specialised and more dependent on high-
end equipment, from microscopes and sensors to databases and real-time
visualisation tools, such equipment needs to be reliable, predictable,
available and very high quality.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
An understanding of excellence may be achieved by community consultation
and through the development of a collaborative proposal that incorporates
and includes }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10557116 leading}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 re
search infrastructure providers, such as through the use of a
facilitation or collaborative strategic planning process like that used
to develop investment plans for medium to large-scale natio}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1212209
nal infrastructure under NCRIS.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Collaborative proposals could then be evaluated by an expert committee
such as {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose}
, perhaps assisted by external referees or expert panels where
appropriate. For smaller scale, local infrastructure, a competitive
process incorporating peer review to determine the relative merit of
proposals may be more appropriate.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par Given the potential breadth of research endeavour and the need to
try different approaches to the creation and development of research
infrastructure, it is proposed that the Strategic Framework does not
attempt to spell out
 criteria for the assessment of excellence for each approach or for each
catego}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1212209 ry of research
infrastructure.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
However, it is expected that any program for funding research
infrastructure will have well defined elements that ensure that
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid1212209
a commitment to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 excellence is a prerequisite for
investment.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid4328182 Reviews and evaluation of
investments
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2059879
Evaluation of programs is integral to the determination of successful
outcomes; an evaluation process needs to be built into any and all
research infrastructure investment programs in the future.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 Over
time}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid16134821 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
 research infrastructure facilities will be more or less successful in
terms of providing services to researchers.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 Th}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6647319 is}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 need}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6647319 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 to be documented to }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
capture and promulgate lessons for future activities. Proper
evaluation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 also he
lps determine whether an investment has delivered the desired outcomes,
achieved its objectives, and whether public funds have been used
effectively, as well as highlighting the value generated by the research
infrastructure and the resulting research ove
r the medium to long term. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
The recent }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 NCRIS Evaluation Report
2010}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 , for example,
}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 highlighted
performance evaluation and monitoring of research infrastructure
investments as a key area for improvement, and suggested regular web-
based reporting against agreed performance indicators.

\par For landmark infrastructure, it is appropriate to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 set}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
 out the appropriate evaluation and performance monitoring criteria and
this is addressed in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244 advice }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
relating to landmark research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 that {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}NRIC{\*\xmlclose} has provided to the
Minister}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9450131\charrsid15347978
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7944900\charrsid13379177
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\keepn\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\pararsid3891816 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Principle}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244
s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid12266763 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid1849516 \endash }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid12266763 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Excellence}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid6186477 in
research infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Proposals for investment in all scales of research infrastructure should
be evaluated on the basis of their ability to create excellent or world-
class infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}Research infrastructu
re funding programs should incorporate procedures for regular and
rigorous evaluation of funded infrastructure to determine whether the
infrastructure has delivered the desired outcomes and achieved its
objectives over the short and medium term,}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid8523609 as well as over its
whole life-}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 cycle.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid14366773 \cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard\plain \ltrpar
\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid15341952 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789336}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240243}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798764}Collaboration{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798764}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc275789336}{\*\bkmkend _Toc277240243}Collaboration is a key driver of
innovation}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 .
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 Collaboration stretches our research
dollars further, spreads risk, favours serendipity, propagates
skills}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815409 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 builds critical mass}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815409 and leads to outcomes that have
broad relevance}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid7493136 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4870671\charrsid7493136 In }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid4870671\charrsid8657468 Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4870671\charrsid7493136 , }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14055289 the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4870671\charrsid7493136 set a goal of doubling
the level of collaboration between publicly funded research agencies and
business over the next decade.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14055289 As Minister Carr
remarked at the recent research infrastructure forum, t}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4870671\charrsid7493136 his collabora
tion will be critical to ensure the research community can deliver the
knowledge and skil}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14055289 ls
our growing industries need.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4870671\charrsid7493136
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13718532 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
The need for and value of collaboration in research is increasingly
acknowledged. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532\charrsid13718532 The proportion of Australian
publications in the Science Citation Index with
international}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13718532 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532\charrsid13718532 co}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532 -}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532\charrsid13718532
authorship has increased from almost 21}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532 per cent }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532\charrsid13718532 in 1991 to over 44% of total
publications in 2005.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid13718532\charrsid13718532 The output of internationally
collaborative papers is growing at almost double the rate of
purely}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13718532 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13718532\charrsid13718532 domestic
papers}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\super\insrsid13718532
\chftn {\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid13718532 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid13718532
}{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 HYPERLINK "}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid13718532
http://www.feast.org/index/document/1}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 " }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid4064345 {\*\datafield
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{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid4064345
http://www.feast.org/index/document/1}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 , pg 4.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13718532\charrsid13718532 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid13718532
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Modern research is often complex, multidisciplinary and requires
collaborative effort.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
In many disciplines it is no longer the case that a single
research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12997992
er}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 can collect and
analyse all the data that relates to their research topic \endash
 collaborating with others to share data and bring different perspectives
to bear on complex problems is becoming necessary.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2059879
A key piece of feedback from participants in the NCRIS and Super Science
programs has been to reinforce the distinction between collaborative
\endash or shared \endash approaches to the provision of infrastructure
and research collaboration.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid10815409 For instance,
collaboration in the construction and operation of research
infrastructure \endash as in the case of the National Computation
Infrastructure based at the Australian Nation
al University (ANU) and operated by ANU and a range of partners including
CSIRO, Bureau of Meteorology, Intersect and others \endash
 is a separate and valuable proposition to collaborative research. One
can occur independently of the other and both generate advantages in the
research system.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2059879 They are not the
same, but they are both important.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2059879 And
in the context of finite resources, the }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2059879 has a stated preference for
promoting and enabling collaborative research, including international
collaborations.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2059879 On
this basis, future funding programs are likely to build in some
requirement for collaboration in one or both of these aspects.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
In addition, as noted in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 Strategic Roadmap for Australian
Research Infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid10816880 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3891816 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
 Australian Government, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 Strategic Roadmap for
Australian Research Infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , 2008.}}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid9244244 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 there are economic and
efficiency argumen
ts for taking collaborative approaches to establishing}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 and operating}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 research infrastructure
to enable world-class research. In }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 many cases}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 , single
institutions cannot achieve the levels of research infrastructure needed
to support such research}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5860432 on their own}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5860432 It m}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 akes }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5860432 economic }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 sense for the Australian
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 , universities, }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 tate and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 erritory }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 G}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
overnments, research institutions and business to cooperate in
implementing these research infrastructure investments. }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2059879 NCRIS was ground-
breaking in its requirements for a national collaborative focus on
research infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2059879 At a smaller scale, LIEF }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3287285 generally }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12997992 funds projects that}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2059879
 include multiple, collaborating parties with shared
requirements.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2059879 These approaches should
ensure greater effectiveness of investment an
d value for money for the research sector.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
For }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 research
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244 in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6488108 national}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244 and landmark categories }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
the expectation is that collaboration, in the development, operation
and}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5860432 /or }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
use of research infrastructure, would be an essential element of any
project.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts27\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpa
ddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkh
drcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3 \clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9854\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 Principle}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \endash Collaboration
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Funding should favour investments that demonstrate collaborative
approaches for the creation, development and operation of research
infrastructure and}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
/or}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 that foster a collaborative
research culture.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid14366773 \cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts27\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpa
ddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkh
drcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3 \clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9854\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2119579\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\tpvpara\tphmrg\tposy53\tdfrmtxtLeft180\tdfrmtxtRight180\trftsWidth1\trft
sWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft
3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15341952\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrc
ols\tbllklastcol
\tblind0\tblindtype3 \clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\pvpara\phmrg\posy53\dxfrtext180\dfrmtxtx180\dfrm
txty0\wraparound\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\pararsid924
4244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
Question}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid1729550 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881
3}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
:}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 Shou
ld }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid14630317 Australian
Government }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 investment
in }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3287285 r}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
esearch }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3287285
i}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
nfrastructure at the national and landmark scale favour collaboration in
establishment and operation of infrastructure or research
collaboration}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid14699116
,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244
 or both?}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow \ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-
108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\tpvpara\tphmrg\tposy53\tdfrmtxtLeft180\tdfrmtxtRight180\trftsWidth1\trft
sWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft
3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15341952\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrc
ols\tbllklastcol
\tblind0\tblindtype3 \clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\row
}\pard\plain \ltrpar
\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid15341952 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240244}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc280798765}Co-
investment{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798765}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid12655025 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 Current and past
research infrastructure funding programs hav}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025 e required differing levels of
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 co-investment as a condition of
Australian }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487
Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 funding. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025 Mandated r}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 equirements for co-investment have
ranged from zero (NCRIS and the Super Science Initiative), 25
per}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025 }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 cent
(ARC\rquote s Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities
program}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid12655025\charrsid13004618 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid12655025 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid11734023
Australian Research Council Act 2001}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 . }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities Funding Rules for
funding commencing in 2011}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818 Variation (No.1).}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 ), to 50}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025 per cent}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 and beyond (Major
National Research Facilities program}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid12655025\charrsid13004618 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid12655025 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 MNRF
Program FAQ. }
{\field\flddirty{\*\fldinst {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 HYPERLINK
"http://www.dest.gov.au" }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 {\*\datafield
00d0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa004ba90b0200000017000000100000007700770077002e0
064006500730074002e0067006f0076002e00610075000000e0c9ea79f9bace118c8200aa
004ba90b4800000068007400740070003a002f002f007700770077002e006400650073007
4002e0067006f0076002e00610075002f00
0000795881f43b1d7f48af2c825dc485276300000000a5ab0000}}}{\fldrslt
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs20\f1\fs16\ul\cf2\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
www.dest.gov.au}}}\sectd
\marglsxn1440\margrsxn1286\margtsxn1191\margbsxn1134\linex0\headery709\fo
otery709\colsx708\endnhere\titlepg\sectlinegrid360\sectdefaultcl\sectrsid
14634140\sftnbj {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 }}}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 ).
\par A requirement for matching funding was seen as one of the
l}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2634609 imitations of the MNRF
program.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978
Although the NCRIS }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317
program}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 carried no}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025 formal}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 requirement for co-investment, as
noted in the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 NCRIS Evaluation
Report}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978
, over the program as a whole 42}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025 per cent}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 of the funds were provided by NCRIS
while 30}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025 per
cent}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978
 were from cash co-investment and the balance from in-kind co-investment.
Thus, although there was no }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317 mandated }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978
requirement for co-investment, substantial leveraging of public money was
achieved and the benefit}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025 s}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025\charrsid15347978 maximised.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2634609 In some instances, the preparedness of
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2634609 tate }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 G}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2634609 overnments and institutions to co-invest
in NCRIS capabilities influenced their ultimate location and was a factor
in deciding how they would be implemented.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid12655025
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 {\*\bkmkend _Toc277240244}Co-
investment}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 shares the cost and risks of establishing
and operating infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6699941 and}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
 also represents a tangible demonstration of participants\rquote
priorities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6699941
.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid6699941 Even if the original
 source of an institution's co-investment was }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6699941 funds, it is still a significant indication of
commitment for}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244 discretionary monies }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid6699941 to be directed to support}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7036127 research i}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 nfrastructure.
\par Flexibility in requirements for co-investment over time has been
shown, in the case of NCRIS, to increase the capacity to leverage the
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 Australian
Government\rquote s }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244 investment. This is particularly the case where State
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 Government}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
 budget cycles enable State contributions in later years of a project but
not upfront.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 In}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7486346 any }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15882838 future}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid7486346
 research infrastructure funding programs}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15882838 , if }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838
tate or }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838
erritory }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 G}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838
overnment co-investment is likely to have an impact on decisions as to
which infrastructure to support or where to locate it, it would improve
transparency \endash and likely improve the level of co-investment on
offer \endash
 if that were understood by stakeholders and articulated clearly.
\par Such an approach would also be likely to improve}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838\charrsid932815 coordination between the
States and Territories and the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14630317 Australian Government}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317\charrsid932815
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838\charrsid932815 with
regard to research infrastructure investment}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838
, as would greater continuity and predictability of funding programs.
\par An important lesson from NCRIS was that allowing flexibility for
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 tate and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 erritory }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4066487 G}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838
overnments to deliver on their co-investment commitments over time
encouraged greater ov
erall leverage than would have been achieved by requiring co-investment
up-front.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15882838\charrsid15347978
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Principle}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid10843604
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\endash Co-investment
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Co-investment in research infrastructure is desirable as it demonstrates
a commitment by the investing party}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid13841651 /}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
ies to the project. Some co-investment is therefore desirable but no
specific requirement for co-}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9569017 investment should be stipulated at the framework
level.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow
\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard\plain \ltrpar
\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid15341952 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789337}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240245}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798766}Access}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid10815409
{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798766}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid10815409 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid15882838\charrsid10815409 Australian-
based infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid10815409
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\insrsid15341952\charrsid15541960 Powering Ideas}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15341952 noted that exposure of Australian firms to global
markets and supply chains increased
 both the necessity and the opportunities for innovation. The demands of
international competition have compelled outward-looking firms to achieve
high levels of creativity and productivity. Such concepts are equally
applicable to research and research in
frastructure.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244 {\*\bkmkend
_Toc275789337}{\*\bkmkend _Toc277240245}A}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
ccess regimes should provide for infrastructure to be broadly available
to researchers across {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} on the basis of merit. A}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11879094 benefit of direct
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 Australian Government
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid11879094
investment in national, collaborative infrastructure is that access
regimes are able to be built in as part of the conditions of funding.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 There are many
illustrations of the need for and benefits of globalisation of research
infrastructure: in sciences such as astronomy through the provision of
access for researchers to jointl
y operated international observatories requiring multinational
investments; via data sharing in sciences with global impact such as
marine and climate science; and in developing international excellence in
research outcomes via the fostering of internatio
nal collaboration.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
One of the challenges for Australian science is ensuring that all
available research }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12266763
infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4463267 is}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 put to optimum use, and that any
under-utilised infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4463267 is}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid4463267\charrsid15347978 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 made more widely available. Research
infrastructure established under
 NCRIS was required, as a key criterion for funding, to be made available
to public researchers at no more than marginal cost, and to private
researchers on a cost-recovery basis. The Super Science Initiative has
also applied this requirement. }{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15889442 Questions r
egarding access to data and knowledge infrastructure also need to be
taken into account, as more of the inputs to research are the outputs of
other research, and of broader data-gathering exercises for }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14630317 g}
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4066487 overnment}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15889442 or private purposes.}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15889442 Addressing barriers to
 the access, sharing and re-use of data, including intellectual property
regimes and institutional firewalls, is important when considering access
to research infrastructure, just as physical access to facilities is
important.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15889442\charrsid15347978
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
While accessibility to nation
al and landmark research infrastructure to public researchers on the
basis of merit is a key element that should be maintained, there are some
instances, for example in local infrastructure, where universal access
may not be possible or desirable. However
, the overall availability of similar types of research infrastructure
should be considered when determining the most appropriate access
regimes.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 Given the
expectation of wide access for researchers of merit, NCRIS capabilities
have needed to put in place processes to ensure their infrastructure is
accessible.
\par Different capabilities have taken slightly different approaches to
this issue, depending on the nature of their infrastructure.}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2564170 The }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 I}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2564170 ntegrated }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15882838 M}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2564170
arine }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 O}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2564170 bserving }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15882838 S}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2564170 ystem}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15882838 , for example, has agreements in p
lace about the access to and use of the data being collected from the
various instruments, for example, whereas in the case of the
characterisation capabilities, access means using an instrument, rather
than rules for the use of data.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4463267 In some cases, the
use of research infrastructure has a clear cost for a particular use and
that cost cannot be absorbed by the operators of the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12327001
infrastructure}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4463267
.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4463267 In these instances, th}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
e}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12266763 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 cost of access for public
researchers must be met somewhere in the system. Options include p
rovision of funding to the research infrastructure facility to subsidise
free access, or provision for funding access as part of research
grants.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid12678510
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4463267 In NSW, for
example, a system of }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9125126
T}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4463267 ech}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9125126 V}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4463267 ouchers is providing a direct subsidy
to encourage use of infrastructure and participation by researchers in
the broader innovation system.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid8078034
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid6892047 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 {\*\bkmkstart OLE_LINK10}NSW Case
Study
\par
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9125126 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 TechVouchers}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154
\par Announced in late 2009, the TechVouchers program is a $1.6 million
NSW Government pilot project designed to encourage collaboration between
NSW small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs) and public sector research
organisations (PSROs) located in NSW.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154
\par
\par The TechVoucher program has two funding components:
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1
1.\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls34\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\pararsid9125126 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 TechVouchers}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 \endash
 a voucher system that provides eligible SMEs with up to $15,000 to fund
access technical expertise or equipment and support collaboration with
PSROs in NSW; and
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li360\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin360\pararsid9125126 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 \hich\af1\dbch\af0\loch\f1
2.\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls34\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\pararsid9125126 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 Connectors}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154 \endash
 up to $50,000 in TechVoucher Connector funding to NSW PSROs to fund part
of the salary of a suitable experience person to manage the relationship
between the research organisations
and SMEs, and increase industry access to the research capabilities and
infrastructure on offer
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9125126 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9123154
\par Nine Connectors have been appointed through the program including
the {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}University{\*\xmlclose} of {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}Sydney{\*\xmlclose}, CSIRO,
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}University{\*\xmlclose} of
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Newcastle{\*\xmlclose},
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Macquarie{\*\xmlclose}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}University
{\*\xmlclose}, {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}University{\*\xmlclose} of {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}Wollongong{\*\xmlclose}, {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}University{\*\xmlclose} of
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}Technology{\*\xmlclose},
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Sydney{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
, Southern Cross University, NSW Institute of Sport and the Australian
Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO).}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid9125126 \cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9125126\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid6892047\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9244244 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
{\*\bkmkend OLE_LINK10}
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid7799370 Principle}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid12266763 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \endash Access
to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244
Australian}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 -based infrastructure
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid4267210 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid4267210
R}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244 esearch
infrastructure at the
 national and landmark scale should be made widely accessible to publicly
funded researchers on the basis of merit at no more than marginal
cost}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid4267210 .}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid9244244

\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid4267210 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid4267210
Research infrastructure in the externally supported or local category
should be made accessible to the extent possible in order to maximise use
and support collaboration between institutions.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid4267210\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow
\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108
\trpaddr108\trpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkh
drrows\tbllklastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\sb240\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustr
ight\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid4328182 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid10815409 O}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid4328182
verseas-based infrastructure
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Provision of the most appropriate research infrastructure may not always
require the construction of facilities in {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname
country-region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
. In some instances, the most appropriate way to support researchers is
to support their access to large, sophisticated facilities that are
located overseas. In some cases it may be appropriate for
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-region}}
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose} to contribute to these
multinational facilities to gain benefit for Australian science.
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2769907 Given that upwards
of 9}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15100924 7}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2769907 % of global research
output}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15100924
, in the form of research publications,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2769907 }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15100924 is
produced }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2769907 in other
countries}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid7884545\charrsid7884545 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid7884545 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid7884545
}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555
Australian Innovation System Report 2010}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid9849555 , p
30}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs20\insrsid2769907\charrsid7884545 ,}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid2769907 {\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname country-
region}}Australia{\*\xmlclose}{\*\xmlclose}
 cannot afford to isolate itself from access to that research, and
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid5979673 use of overseas
research infrastru
cture is one way to establish communities of interest, research
collaborations and mutually beneficial arrangements.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2769907\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid7799370 Principle}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid12266763 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \endash Access
to overseas-based infrastructure
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid2889936 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid2889936
Research infrastructure f}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
unding programs should consider requests for funding Australian
researcher access to overseas facilities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid2889936
, and, where appropriate, Australian membership of or contribution to the
construction of overseas facilities}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 .}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid2889936
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
Where possible, research infrastructure facilities should be encouraged
to provide overseas access to Australian research infrastructure to
foster international links and collaborations and build local
skills.\cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid9244244\tbllkhdrrows\tbllkl
astrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9244244 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15341952\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid9244244 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid1729550 Question }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881 4}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978
: Where in the system should the costs of access to research
infrastructure for public researchers be met? How should this be
implemented? \cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid9244244\charrsid15347978 \trowd
\irow0\irowband0\lastrow \ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-
108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv
\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15341952\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\row
}\pard\plain \ltrpar
\s2\ql
\li0\ri0\sb360\sa240\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\o
utlinelevel1\adjustright\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid15341952 \rtlch\fcs1
\ab\ai\af1\afs28\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f89\fs28\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\ul\insrsid15341952\charrsid4328182
{\*\bkmkstart _Toc275789338}{\*\bkmkstart _Toc277240246}{\*\bkmkstart
_Toc280798767}Pricing{\*\bkmkend _Toc280798767}
\par }\pard\plain \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs24\alang1025
\ltrch\fcs0 \f89\fs24\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081
{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2564170 The cost of using research infrastructure
is a separate though related issue to who should be able to access the
infrastructure. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7418485
There is also a strong relationship between pricing and holistic funding
principles.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid10750603
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
The Major National Research Facilities (MNRF) program required funding
recipients to develop a plan to become self-sustaining by the end of
the}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 ir}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 funding allocation. However, most
recipients of MNRF funding did not successfully make the transition from
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 being
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
publicly funded to self-supporting. While it may be possible for a
research infrastructure facility to become self-supporting in the long-
term, in the short to medium }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 term, this goal has been seen to be
unrealistic.
\par There can also be negative consequences in terms of usage, viabil
ity of facilities and accessibility if too much emphasis is placed on
financial independence. In general, the measure of success for research
infrastructure should be the research outcomes, not the ability to move
to a self sustaining pricing model.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af0 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\tpvpara\tphmrg\tposy1\tdfrmtxtLeft180\tdfrmtxtRight180\trftsWidth2\trwWi
dth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpadd
fl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastr
ow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol
\tblind0\tblindtype3 \clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\pvpara\phmrg\posy1\dxfrtext180\dfrmtxtx180\dfrmt
xty0\wraparound\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\lin0\pararsid1541
0206 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid5979673 Case
Study}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid15410206
\par
\par Cost (Non)-Recovery by Platform Technology Facilities in the Bio21
Cluster}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\i\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid9123154
\par
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 Platform
technologies (PT) are techniques or tools that enable a range of
scientific investigations and are critical to today\rquote s advanced
technology research environment. Once
  installed, they require specialised staff for their operations, who in
turn provide expertise to researchers in designing appropriate
experiments. Through this pipeline, research outputs are raised to the
benefit of the researcher and the host institutio
n}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid13700771 \chftn {\footnote
\ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3891816 \rtlch\fcs1
\af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954
\chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954 Angeletti RH, Bonewald LF, De
Jongh K, Niece R, Rush J, Stults J. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954 Research technologies:
fulfilling the promise}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954 . FASEB J 1999;
13:595-601.}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
. Platform facilities provide access to instrumentation and expertise for
a wide range of users beyond the host institution, including other
academic and industry users. To maximise return on these substantial
public investments, this wider access needs t
o be supported. The question of support and the mechanisms through which
this occurs need to be established based on greater understanding of how
PT facilities operate. This investigation was aimed at understanding if
and how platform facilities across th
e
  Bio21 Cluster meet operating costs. Our investigation found: 74 per cent
of platforms do not recover 100 per cent of direct operating costs and
are heavily subsidised by their home institution, which has a vested
interest in maintaining the technology pl
a
tform; platform managers play a major role in establishing the costs and
pricing of the facility, normally in a collaborative process with a
management committee or institutional accountant; and most facilities
have a three-tier pricing structure recognis
ing internal academic, and commercial clients}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20
\ltrch\fcs0 \cs23\f1\fs20\super\insrsid3891816\charrsid1054537 \chftn
{\footnote \ltrpar \pard\plain \ltrpar
\s15\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3891816 \rtlch\fcs1 \af0\afs20\alang1025 \ltrch\fcs0
\f89\fs20\lang3081\langfe3081\cgrid\langnp3081\langfenp3081 {\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0
\cs23\f1\fs16\super\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954 \chftn }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954 Gibbs G,
{\*\xmlopen\xmlns2{\factoidname place}}Clark{\*\xmlclose} S, Quinn JA,
Gleeson MJ. }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs16
\ltrch\fcs0 \i\f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954 Cost (Non)-Recovery
by Platform Technology Facilities in the Bio21 Cluster}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1\afs16 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs16\insrsid16331818\charrsid531954
. Journal of Biomolecular Techniques 2010 21:29-34}}}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 .
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid937632
\cell }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow \ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-
108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\tpvpara\tphmrg\tposy1\tdfrmtxtLeft180\tdfrmtxtRight180\trftsWidth2\trwWi
dth5000\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\trpadd
fl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastr
ow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol
\tblind0\tblindtype3 \clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\clbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid9125126
Australian research facilities aspire to conduct research that is the
equal of the best in the world. This implies that the facilities must
commit to providing the highest standards of service, and must ens
ure that these facilities are adequately resourced. Any attempt by a
facility to deliver the highest quality facility and research at \lquote
bargain basement}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 '
prices}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid9125126 is flawed in both economic and
policy terms.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
\par Pricing}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 is an important issue for
researchers, particularly where access to a particular facility is not
available for free, regardless of merit. The 2010 NCRIS Evaluation noted
that the
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 responsibility for
covering the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 cost of access to research
infrastructure for public researchers }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 is unclear and }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 needs to be resolved.}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 There are at least two ways of
approaching this issue:
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls26\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 Provision of funding to research
infrastructure facilities to subsidise free}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 or marginal
cost}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
access}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450 ;}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 or
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f3\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 \loch\af3\dbch\af0\hich\f3
\'b7\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-360\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls26\adjustright\rin0
\lin720\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 Provision for funding access as part
of research grants.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 Research }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 i}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
nfrastructure projects established under NCRIS were required, as a key
criterion }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
of}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 the funding, to be made available
to public researchers at no more than marginal cost, and to private
researchers on a cost-recovery basis. The Super Science Initiative has
also applied this requirement}{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 .
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\keepn\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206
In advice to the facilitators for the NCRIS capabilities, the department
defined marginal cost in the following way:
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li720\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright
\rin0\lin720\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid13379177
Marginal cost represents the cost of accommodating one additional user at
the facility.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid4605450
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid13379177 In
most instances, this will equa
te to the avoidable costs related to that extra user, such as consumables
and any additional support staff.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 A key feature of NCRIS that enabled this requirement
is the }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid7418485 program\rquote s }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 ability to fund the fixed operating
costs.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid6169911
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\faauto\rin0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379
177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 The price for
access to a research
facility should be transparent and take into account a comprehensive
analysis of direct and indirect costs to unsure these are
understood}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid2564170 and
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206
a full understanding of what price would represent acceptable value to
the researcher}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15145153
.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15145153\delrsid15145153
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15145153 Pricing policies should recognise that the objective
for most publicly funded research infrastructure is to maximise the
public benefit.
\par }\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\sa160\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\itap0\pararsid13379177 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 The most appropriate pricing model will vary from
}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid14049854 facility }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206 to }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid14049854
facility}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid786535
 based on a number of factors including the cost of consumables, the
actual cost of using the infrastructure and the level of government
funding.}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid786535
The pricing policy for a facility should also be able to accommodate
different pricing structures for different users, such as being able to
charge commercial users the full cost of using the infrastructure.
\par Above all, pricing policies adopted for publicly funded research
infrastructure }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206 should
ensure meritorious research is not priced out of the market.
\par }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid15410206 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\i\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid14766310
Principle \endash Pricing
\par
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid15410206\charrsid14766310 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2
o\tab}}\pard \ltrpar\ql \fi-357\li714\ri0\sa120\widctlpar\intbl
\jclisttab\tx720\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\ls8\adjustright\rin0\
lin714\pararsid15410206 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid14766310 Pricing policies for research
infrastructure should }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206 be transparent and allow for}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid14049854 flexibility in the charging model,
while still}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid15410206
maximis}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid14049854 ing}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206 the public benefit.
\par {\listtext\pard\plain\ltrpar \intbl\rtlch\fcs1 \af2 \ltrch\fcs0
\f2\insrsid15410206 \hich\af2\dbch\af0\loch\f2 o\tab}Publicly funded
researchers should be charged no more than the marginal costs of using
publicly funded research infrastructure.}{
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 \cell
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow \ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-
108\trkeep\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth2\trwWidth5000\trftsWidthB3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid15410206 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid15410206 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid15410206 Question }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881 5}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 : }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206 How should the p
ricing regime for research infrastructure be structured? Should there be
different models for financial contributors to the facility, merit-based
researchers and industry?}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 \cell
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3148881 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978
{\*\bkmkend _Toc275789338}{\*\bkmkend _Toc277240246}
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid16218955 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3148881 Question 6}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978
: }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881 How should the cost
of access by publicly funded researchers be funded?}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid16218955\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid9244244 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1\afs6 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\fs6\insrsid3148881\charrsid1189148
\par
}}dft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllklastrow\tbll
khdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat18\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth2\clwWidth5000\clcbpatraw18 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid15410206 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978
\par \ltrrow}\trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\pard
\ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid15410206 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid15410206 Question }{\rtlch\fcs1
\af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881 5}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 : }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206 How should the p
ricing regime for research infrastructure be structured? Should there be
different models for financial contributors to the facility, merit-based
researchers and industry?}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 \cell
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid15410206\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrl\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid15410206\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrcols\tbllklastcol\tblind0\tblindtype3
\clvertalt\clbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \clbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\clcbpat19\cltxlrtb\clftsWidth3\clwWidth9396\clcbpatraw19 \cellx9288\row
}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\rin0\li
n0\itap0\pararsid3148881 {
\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978
{\*\bkmkend _Toc275789338}{\*\bkmkend _Toc277240246}
\par \ltrrow}\pard \ltrpar\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0\pararsid16218955 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3148881 Question 6}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\b\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978
: }{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881 How should the cost
of access by publicly funded researchers be funded?}{\rtlch\fcs1 \af1
\ltrch\fcs0 \b\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978 \cell }\pard \ltrpar
\ql
\li0\ri0\widctlpar\intbl\wrapdefault\aspalpha\aspnum\faauto\adjustright\r
in0\lin0 {\rtlch\fcs1 \af1 \ltrch\fcs0
\f1\insrsid3148881\charrsid15347978 \trowd \irow0\irowband0\lastrow
\ltrrow\ts11\trgaph108\trleft-108\trbrdrt\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrl
\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrb\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrr\brdrs\brdrw10
\trbrdrh\brdrs\brdrw10 \trbrdrv\brdrs\brdrw10
\trftsWidth1\trftsWidthB3\trftsWidthA3\trautofit1\trpaddl108\trpaddr108\t
rpaddfl3\trpaddft3\trpaddfb3\trpaddfr3\tblrsid16218955\tbllkhdrrows\tbllk
lastrow\tbllkhdrc

				
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