Principles of Teaching by MNNn61


									Principles of

     Session 4
Effective Teachers:
   The Naturals
BOARDWORK –                 Think-Pair-Square

   In what ways is the teaching
    profession an art?

   In what ways is the teaching
    profession a science?
      Enjoying Learning
 Learning by Doing
 “Goofing Off”
    – Passing notes
    – Whispering
    – Sharpening pencils
    – Doodling
    – Gazing out the window
Pair Partner Discussion
   Describe to your partner a memorable
    time in which you and/or others in your
    class were “goofing off.”

   Describe the reaction of a teacher you
    had when students were “goofing off”
    in class.
Working Yourself to Death
   Hand papers in
   Pass papers back
   Get into groups
   Line up
   Sit up
   Sit down
   Shut up
   Pay attention
   Helpless hand-raising
   Parent conferences
   Faculty/committee
   Grading papers
   Lesson planning
      “Natural” Teachers
   Natural teachers find the profession
    exhilarating. They do not work
    themselves to death.

      Characteristics of
      Natural Teachers-
   Good Instincts
    – Don’t have a clue
    – Common Sense
 Make Management Affordable
 Make Management Look Easy

 Make Method Out of Magic
        Partner Teach
 Stand and teach the four
  characteristics of natural teachers to
  your partner.
 One minute.

 Switch.

 One minute.
    Beyond the Naturals
   Accumulation of many “natural”
    teachers, not just one
     Positive Classroom
 Classroom Structure
 Limit-Setting

 Responsibility Training
    – Omission Training
   Back-up System
         Management Is
 Management means getting things
  done through people.
 Fundamentals are the same in
  parenting, teaching, business, industry
 How to get people to do what you want
  them to do:
    – Correctly,
    – On time,
    – With a good attitude.
  The Three Areas of
Classroom Management
 Discipline

          Instruction

                   Motivation
5 Elements to Discipline
 Get students on task
 Keep students on task

 Suppression of disruption

 Building patterns of cooperation

 Mutual respect within the classroom
           You Teach
 Turn to your partner and teach the five
  elements to classroom discipline.
 Switch!
        Classroom Rules
 Based on what you have read and
  learned about classroom management
  thus far, create a list of rules that you
  will post in your classroom.
 Remember that rules should be:
    – Brief
    – Stated in the positive
    – Something you are willing to enforce
   Due: Tuesday, June 22, 2004
 How do you produce mastery and
  independent learning in all students
  without working yourself to death?
 Effective instruction requires the
  integration of all modalities of learning
  at every step of performance:
    – The Verbal (Say)
    – The Visual (See)
    – The Physical (Do)
        Partner Teach
 Turn to your partner and teach your
  partner how to produce mastery and
  independent learning in all students.
 Switch.
 How do you get conscientiousness
  and hard work from all of your
 Quality control to classroom work

 Incentives for diligence
               Your Turn
   Turn to your partner and teach him/her
    everything you have just learned about
    the three areas of classroom
    – Discipline
    – Instruction
    – Motivation
   Switch.
Metaphor of the Effective Teacher
   Metaphor - the process             Word processed.
    of describing one thing as if
    it were another; figurative        One page minimum
    language using literal             Two page maximum
    language to suggest an
    analogy (i.e. the world is a       Criteria for Evaluation
    stage; the effective teacher        – Explicit identification of
    is an oak tree)                       a metaphor
   Write a metaphor for                – Explanation of the
                                          meaning of the
    effective teaching                    metaphor (multiple
    using what you have                   facets required)
    learned from:                       – Connections to the six
     – Class Discussion                   areas in the left column
     – Education, chapter 1             – Word processed
     – Borich, chapter 1                – Adequate length
     – Martin, chapter 1                  (meaningful prose, not
     – Dimensions of Learning             fluff)
       (Dimension 1) and
     – Personal Experience
   Work as a team to WRITE a SUMMARY of
    the important aspects of Borich, chapter 1.
    – Divide sections of the chapter equally among
      team members
    – Have each member write a two-sentence
      summary of the section s/he was assigned
    – Combine each summary (in order), to make up a
      complete chapter summary
    – Have each member find a person from another
      team and compare group summaries.
Principles of

  Introduction to
Positive Classroom
   How do you get people to do what you
    want them to do:
    – Correctly?
    – On time?
    – With a good attitude?
       Students Manage
         Teachers Too
 Students have a head start
 Switching the Agenda
    – Instruction
    – Motivation
     Positive Classroom
 Classroom Structure
 Limit-Setting

 Responsibility Training
    – Omission Training
   Back-up System
    Classroom Structure
 Focuses upon arranging every aspect
  of the classroom environment so that
  learning becomes more likely and
  “goofing off” becomes less likely.
 The cheapest way to manage any
  problem is to prevent its occurrence.
 Classroom structure aims to do just
 Typically referred to as “meaning
 Limit setting is the body language by
  which teachers convey their control of
  classroom situations in a relaxed, yet
  powerful manner.
Responsibility Training
 Responsibility Training focuses upon
  the central issue of discipline
  management in the classroom –
 The idea is to train the class to be
  responsible for their actions in order to
  maximize learning time while building
  group cohesion and mutual respect.
      Back-up System
 A back-up system utilizes negative
  sanctions to suppress severe behavior
 The school discipline code.

 The most expensive and failure-prone
  portion of any discipline management
             Partner Teach
   Stand-up, walk around the room and find a
    partner who you have not worked with yet
    this semester.
   Teach the four parts of Positive Classroom
    Management to your partner:
    –   Classroom Structure
    –   Limit-Setting
    –   Responsibility Training
    –   Back-Up System
   One minute. Switch. One minute.
  Summary of Positive
Classroom Management
 Clarifying goals;
 Structuring the environment for success;

 Imparting necessary skills;

 Setting limits;

 Building cooperation; and

 Creating a sense of shared purpose.

These are the basics of leadership.
These are the basics of positive classroom
        Two More Points
   Keep It Positive
    – Traditional Wisdom
        Discipline equals punishment
        Putting the lid on it

    – Self Discipline and Cooperation
        Lessons  from rough kids
        Building patterns of cooperation
       Two More Points
   Keep It Cheap
    – Basic Objectives
       Reducing  Your Work Load and Stress
       Adding to Your Repertoire

    – Choosing the Right Procedure
       Positive Classroom Discipline Is a System
       Criteria For Choosing
         – Always choose the cheapest remedy
         – If a discipline procedure is working, it will self-
   Discuss the following questions with
    your partner
    – In what ways is the teaching profession
      both an art and a science?
    – How does the chapter on “The Master
      Teacher” in the book Education relate to
      today’s lesson and the lesson on “The

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