Chapter 21 Test
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
1) Most residents of New York City's Lower East side were immigrants from:
A) Latin America.
B) Eastern Asia.
C) Southern and Eastern Europe.
2) Most residents of settlement houses were:
A) young Christian missionaries who sought to convert and uplift the immigrant poor.
B) poor women and children who sought refuge from a world of poverty and despair.
C) government workers who sought to deal with the problems of assimilating immigrants into American
D) college-educated women who sought to improve the health and welfare of residents in poor
E) dressmakers and domestic servants.
3) Progressivism is best described as:
A) a diverse group of individuals working for a wide variety of reform causes.
B) a national crusade to enact a set of principles designed to end the evils besetting Americans.
C) a unified movement focused on a well-thought-out list of reform objectives.
D) an established group of reformers who organized campaigns for national reform.
E) an effort to enact a clear-cut set of principles designed to perfect American society.
4) Progressives sought all of the following political reforms EXCEPT:
A) an end to political corruption.
B) an expansion of state and federal regulation of private business.
C) more businesslike methods of governing.
D) more legislation to combat the excesses of industrialism.
E) a restructuring of the American system to bring true equality to all.
A) thought citizens, as a group, should work to improve social and economic conditions.
B) supported the concepts of Social Darwinism, especially the struggle for survival of the fittest.
C) pushed for less government involvement in regulating the economy.
D) believed in individualism and hence the responsibility of each person to improve his own lot in life.
E) felt that social and economic conditions in the United States had deteriorated to such an extent that
only revolutionary action could right the wrongs.
6) According to the Overview on the Currents of Progressivism, progressives at the local level focused on all of
the following EXCEPT:
A) providing for municipal ownership and regulation of utilities.
B) reforming the health, education, and welfare of immigrants.
C) providing an eight-hour day for workers.
D) banning further immigration and urging immigrant populations to abandon their traditional cultural
E) enacting legislation banning child labor.
7) Keys to the success of urban political machines included all of the following EXCEPT:
A) efficient organization.
B) intimidation of small business owners.
C) delivery of essential services to immigrants.
D) close ties to organized prostitution and gambling, as well as legitimate business.
E) provision of franchises and city contracts to businessmen.
8) Among the programs sponsored by Governor Robert La Follette of Wisconsin were all of the following
A) tougher corporate tax rates.
B) a direct primary.
C) a railroad commission to regulate freight charges.
D) a reduction in protective tariff rates.
E) an improved civil service code.
9) All of the following were successful journalists in the Progressive Era EXCEPT:
A) Lester Frank Ward.
B) Upton Sinclair.
C) Ida Tarbell.
D) Ray Stannard Baker.
E) Lincoln Steffens.
10) John Dewey:
A) advocated a program promoting creativity and curiosity.
B) thought education should be about learning information.
C) believed that schools should be kept unconnected to society.
D) said society should mimic the dynamic of schools.
E) wanted schools to be neutral on issues of social progress.
11) The Court's decision in Muller v. Oregon did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) uphold a law limiting women to a ten-hour day.
B) maintain that social and physical conditions should influence policy.
C) argue that the liberty of contract is "not absolute."
D) found that the physical well-being of women was a matter of public interest.
E) contend that women should always be treated as equals to men.
12) The Progressives advocating social control generally wanted all of the following EXCEPT:
A) immigration reform.
B) civilizing leisure activities.
C) schools teaching cultural diversity.
D) regulations against prostitution.
13) The WCTU:
A) no longer emphasized prohibition during the Progressive Era.
B) limited its attention and resources to one issue.
C) combined women's role as moral exemplar with public reform efforts.
D) was eclipsed by the Anti-Saloon League.
E) was losing members by 1911.
14) Progressive efforts to improve society:
A) generally were a case of simply imposing social control.
B) rarely had support for economic reasons.
C) were driven almost exclusively by moral concerns.
D) usually had mixed motives from a wide range of people.
E) decreased with population growth in big cities.
15) Trends in education during the Progressive Era:
A) sought to plant an appreciation for cultural diversity.
B) did not include the formation of kindergartens.
C) extended the time and the activities covered by schools.
D) were designed to promote individualism.
E) decentralized schools to allow greater local control.
16) Unskilled workers in industry had difficulty organizing unions for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
A) in the early years, they lacked the political clout of large corporations.
B) they came from many different backgrounds.
C) they worked in a wide variety of settings.
D) they had far less wealth than the corporations.
E) they had nothing in common.
17) All of the following are true of the "new immigrants" EXCEPT:
A) some fled from religious and political persecution.
B) the vast majority intended to stay permanently.
C) most lacked critical labor skills.
D) the majority had their passage arranged by others in the United States.
E) many were "victims" of better health and longer lives.
18) The Uprising of the 20,000:
A) led to more women's involvement in the labor movement.
B) lasted for five months.
C) forced the garment companies to recognize the union.
D) ended in the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire.
E) was a successful strike.
19) The Triangle Shirtwaist fire:
A) produced almost no changes because of the belief in laissez faire.
B) showed that workers' well being depended on their moral character.
C) was an example of how radical and destructive workers were.
D) resulted in the deaths of 146, primarily Italian workers.
E) led to a New York State Factory Investigation Commission and state laws to regulate conditions.
20) Immigrant workers in the Progressive Era:
A) had few injuries because they were doing simple, basic jobs.
B) eschewed involvement in local politics and union activity.
C) caused their families' poverty by drinking up their paychecks.
D) were most concerned about assimilating and becoming "American."
E) had difficulty because of different customs and job insecurity.
21) The Ludlow Massacre:
A) was the result of a ten-day rebellion by strikers.
B) refers to the killing of strikers' families by troops and guards.
C) resulted in the death of 14 state troops.
D) brought severe punishment of John D. Rockefeller Jr.
E) occurred when the miners went out on strike.
22) In the Danbury Hatters' Case (Loewe v. Lawler, 1908) the:
A) Supreme Court ruled in favor of secondary boycotts.
B) Supreme Court issued a permanent injunction in the case.
C) unions discovered the technique of secondary boycotts.
D) decision was a step in the direction of legal support for collective bargaining.
E) Supreme Court turned the Sherman Antitrust Act against the unions.
23) All of the following were used against unions EXCEPT:
A) the practice of secondary boycotts.
B) the Sherman Antitrust Act.
C) the "open shop" campaign.
D) trade association efficiency drives.
E) ruling against secondary boycotts.
24) The IWW:
A) led violent, unwarranted strikes.
B) focused on bringing about a revolution.
C) sought practical gains for the most disadvantaged.
D) practiced exclusionary tactics in recruiting members.
E) organized workers by trade and craft.
25) All of the following were true of the "new woman" at the turn of the 20th century EXCEPT:
A) she joined clubs that combined self-improvement and social benefits.
B) she was more often a member of the working class than of the middle class.
C) she accounted for 40 percent of those attending college by 1910.
D) she was usually an educated women.
E) she identified a women's culture of cooperation and uplift.
26) During the Progressive Era:
A) Washington appealed in vain for support from Andrew Carnegie.
B) racism became less intense.
C) whites generally accepted the idea that blacks were innately inferior.
D) Booker T. Washington led a movement for immediate equality.
E) Southern Progressives advocated equality for blacks.
27) Booker T. Washington:
A) was popular with whites for advocating accommodation.
B) called for immediate equality for African Americans.
C) founded Hampton Institute in Virginia.
D) promoted education, especially a liberal arts education.
E) had many advantages as a youth most blacks lacked.
28) The "Niagara movement":
A) advocated a philosophy of self-help for blacks.
B) called for an immediate end to segregation.
C) was a product of the NAACP.
D) founded the National Negro Business League.
E) focused completely on black suffrage.
29) W. E. B. Du Bois:
A) became the editor of the magazine, The Masses.
B) said blacks would always feel the tension in being black and American.
C) had a philosophical split with the NAACP.
D) put together the original all-black leadership of the NAACP.
E) had a background similar to that of Booker T. Washington.
30) Theodore Roosevelt's intervention in the anthracite coal strike of 1902 led to a settlement that was a:
A) clear victory for the mine owners, as miners went back to work and their union was not recognized.
B) compromise that gave the miners better pay and working conditions but no recognition of their union.
C) defeat for the labor movement.
D) victory for the people as it showed that in the future the government would decide labor disputes.
E) clear victory for the miners, bringing them better pay and better working conditions.
31) All of the following measures expanded the federal government's regulatory powers EXCEPT:
A) the Meat Inspection Act.
B) the Pure Food and Drug Act.
C) the Hepburn Act.
D) the Underwood-Simmons Act.
E) the Newlands Reclamation Act.
32) Gifford Pinchot and Theodore Roosevelt believed in the:
A) managed use of the nation's resources to balance the demands of business with wilderness
B) preservation of wilderness lands against the encroachment of commercial expansion.
C) unlimited use of the nation's resources but only by businesses that pursued restoration policies.
D) spiritual approach to the preservation of open lands.
E) unlimited use of the nation's resources to further the interests of business and bring economic
33) During his administration, William Howard Taft supported progressive measures and programs that did all
of the following EXCEPT:
A) create a federal Children's Bureau.
B) abolish the protective tariff.
C) provide safety codes for mines and railroads.
D) bring a more restrained concept of the presidency to the White House.
E) legalize a federal graduated income tax.
34) The New Freedom program called for all of the following EXCEPT:
A) states' rights.
B) restoring free competition and equality of economic opportunity.
C) progressive reforms benefiting farmers, workers, and consumers.
D) increased government regulation of the economy.
E) a small federal government.
35) In the 1912 election, the Socialist Party and Eugene V. Debs:
A) had the greatest following in states of the Old Northwest such as Indiana, Ohio, and Michigan.
B) gained support in the states along the Atlantic Coast.
C) found the most support in northeastern urban areas.
D) held the most power in the Southeast.
E) ran strongest in the West and Southwest.
36) The Underwood-Simmons Act of 1913:
A) reduced the tariff duties and set the first federal income tax schedules.
B) established a national banking system.
C) formed the Reclamation Bureau within the Department of the Interior.
D) created a Federal Trade Commission.
E) prohibited child labor in companies engaged in interstate commerce.
37) The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) diminished the power of private banks.
B) create twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks.
C) abolish private control of the nation's banks.
D) restructure the nation's banking and currency system.
E) establish a central Federal Reserve Board that regulated the amount of money in circulation.
38) Wilson did all of the following EXCEPT:
A) sanction the spread of racial segregation in the federal service.
B) seek federal regulation of corporations to check the abuses of big business.
C) support a measure providing for federal worker's compensation.
D) bring about labor reform for children.
E) oppose the setting of graduated federal income tax rates.
39) Leaders of the settlement house movement included all of the following EXCEPT:
A) Alice Roosevelt.
B) Lillian Wald.
C) Jane Addams.
D) Mary Brewster.
E) Florence Kelley.
40) Among the projects of Henry Street Settlement founder Lillian Wald were all of the following EXCEPT:
A) school lunch programs.
B) municipal milk stations.
C) stricter immigrant restrictions.
D) tougher housing inspection.
E) improved street cleaning.