LRF Final Compliation Report issue2 by lwIAX807

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									A REPORT BY ENVIROS CONSULTING LIMITED: JULY 2012



                     GLA
COMPILATION OF LONDON RECYCLING FUND
             SUMMARIES
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Publication title            Compilation of London Recycling Fund Summaries
CAN                          GR07700016a
Volume number                Volume 1 of 1
Version                      Final Report
Date                         July 2012
File Reference               Final Compliation Report 01-04-04.Doc

Prepared under the management of:


Lorna Pannett – Project Manager

Directed, reviewed and approved by:


Nigel Naisbitt – Project Director

Client Address:              Greater London Authority
                             City Hall
                             The Queen's Walk
                             London
                             SE1 2AA


                             Katherine Higgins, Principal Policy Adviser (Waste)

                             Email    katherine.higgins@london.gov.uk

Enviros Contact Details:     Enviros Consulting Ltd
                             22-23 Greville Street
                             London
                             EC1N 8SS

                             Lorna Pannett, Consultant

                             Tel      020 7421 6398
                             Fax      020 7430 2210
                             Email    lorna.pannett@enviros.com

                             Web      www.enviros.com
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                 LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION                                                               1
  Background                                                                  1
  Objective                                                                   1
  Report Structure                                                            2

2. AWARENESS/EDUCATION                                                        4
  Bromley
  Waste Reduction And Recycling Promotional Vehicle (Ref: 7.65)               6
  Croydon
  Community Recycling Officer (Ref: 6.51)                                     8
  Greater London Authority
  Recycle For London (Ref: 3.23/5.49/7.74)                                    10
  Greenwich
  Blue Top Recycling Education Officers (Ref: 7.75)                           14
  Kensington & Chelsea
  Increasing Domestic Recycling Participation Rates (Ref: 3.21)               16
  Kingston
  Waste Awareness And Reduction Initiatives (Ref: 7.84)                       18
  Newham
  Education / Promotions Officer (Ref: 3.16)                                  20
  Tower Hamlets
  Developing London’s Community Initiatives (Ref: 3.20)                       22

3. BRING                                                                      24
  Croydon
  Recycling Collections From Schools (Ref: 6.53)                              26

4. RE-USE AND RECYCLING CENTRES (CIVIC AMENITY SITES)                         28
  Croydon
  Purley Oaks Civic Amenity Improvements (Ref: 6.50/7.67)                     30
  Ealing
  Greenford Road Civic Amenity Site Transformation Project (Ref: 3.14/7.69)   32
  Enfield
  Development Of Reuse And Recycling Centres (Ref: 4.27/6.55)                 34
  Harrow
  Separation Of Green Waste At Civic Amenity Site (Ref: 2.7)                  38
  Hounslow
  Space Waye Civic Amenity Site Redevelopment (Ref: 5.39)         40
  Southwark
  Manor Place Depot Refurbishment (Ref: 4.32)                                 42
  Tower Hamlets
  Northumberland Wharf Civic Amenity Site Plan (Ref: 5.44)                    44
                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

5. ESTATES                                                             46
  Bexley
  The Expansion Of Recycling Initiatives For Flats (Ref: 7.64)         48
  Hackney
  Estates Recycling Scheme (Ref: 3.12)                                 50
  Hounslow
  Recycling Facilities For Low Rise Mops (Ref: 7.82)                   52
  Islington
  North London Joint Bid; Estates Recycling (Ref: 3.18)                54
  Kensington And Chelsea
  Estates (Ref: 3.22)                                                  58
  Kingston Upon Thames
  Estates & Flats Recycling Service (Ref: 5.37)                        60
  Lewisham
  Borough Wide Estate Recycling (Ref: 3.13)                            62
  Merton
  Estates Recycling (Ref: 7.88)                                        66
  Redbridge
  Flats And Estates Recycling Development (Ref: 7.91)                  68
  Richmond
  Estates Recycling Expansion (Ref: 7.92)                              71
  Southwark
  Estates And Street Recycling (Ref: 5.40)                             72
  Tower Hamlets
  Community Recycling (Ref: 3.19)                                      74
  Westminster
  Streets And Estates (Ref: 4.35)                                      76

6. INFRASTRUCTURE                                                      78
  Bexley
  Separate Collection And Treatment Of Household And Commercial Bio-
  Waste (Ref: 6.63)                                                    80
  Greenwich
  South East London Regional Recycling Centre (Ref: 2.5)               82
  Hackney
  Millfields Waste Facilities Feasibility Study (Ref: 7.76)            84
  Kingston Upon Thames
  Plastics Baler (Ref: 6.59)                                           86
  Sutton
  Green Waste Composting Facility (Ref: 4.33)                          88
  West London Waste Authority
  Organics Waste (Ref: 2.9)                                            90
                 LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004


7. KERBSIDE                                                                94
  Brent
  Collection Of Compostable Garden Waste (Ref: 5.41)                       96
  Croydon
  Procurement Of Kerbside Recycling Boxes (Ref:7.66)                       98
  Croydon
  Green Door (Ref: 7.68)                                                  100
  East London Waste Authority
  Multi Material Kerbside Collection (Ref: 5.38/7.71)                     102
  Enfield
  Wipe Out Waste, Kerbside Expansion (Ref: 7.72)                          104
  Hammersith & Fulham
  Multi Material Kerbside Collection Scheme (Ref: 2.10/7.77)              106
  Haringey
  Extension Of Kerbside Recycling (Ref: 4.28)                             110
  Harrow
  Collection Of Organic Waste From 36,000 Households
  (Ref: 4.29/7.79)                                                        112
  Hillingdon
  Borough Wide Kerbside Collection Of Compostable Garden Wastes
  (Ref: 3.11)                                                             114
  Hounslow
  Increasing Kerbside Participation (Ref: 7.81)                           117
  Kingston
  Extension To Door To Door Glass Recycling (Ref: 7.83)                   118
  Lambeth
  Kerbside Made Easy (Ref: 7.86)                                          120
  Merton
  Expansion Of Multi Material Kerbside Collection (Ref: 4.31)             122
  North London Boroughs
  Green Garden Waste Collection Service - Waltham Forest (Ref: 5.46/7.95) 124
  Redbridge
  Multi Material Door-To-Door Recycling Collections (Ref: 2.8)            128
  Richmond Upon Thames
  Multi Material Kerbside Expansion (Ref: 1.1)                            130
  Southwark
  Introduction Of Multi-Material Kerbside Collection Scheme (Ref: 7.93)   132
  Wandsworth
  Over The Rainbow (Ref: 3.17)                                            134
               LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004


8. WASTE MINIMISATION                                         136
  Croydon
  Home Composting (Ref: 6.54)                                 138
  Newham
  Home Composting And Environmental Researchers (Ref: 7.89)   140
  North London Waste Authority
  Chaps Reuse And Recycling Good Practice Model (Ref: 7.90)   142

9. OVERALL SUCCESS FACTORS AND LESSONS LEARNT                 146
  Success                                                     146
  Lessons Learnt                                              146

10. GLOSSARY                                                  148

11. INDEX BY LONDON BOROUGH                                   154
                      LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

1.       INTRODUCTION

Background
The Mayor’s Municipal Waste Management Strategy, which was launched in
September 2003, contains a number of policies and targets for the London Waste
Authorities. In order to achieve these aims the authorities need to draw on existing
local and national good practice. The Mayor’s Waste Strategy contains a number of
proposals regarding the identification and dissemination of best practice to support
this work.
A review was carried out for the GLA by Enviros during September 2003 to assess
the availability and applicability of existing best practice. The report made a number
of recommendations for further work to address the gaps in the existing guidance.
One of the priorities identified by this report was a need to better share existing best
practice being carried out in London.
The GLA is one of the key partners in the London Recycling Fund (LRF), which was
set up in March 2002 to administer London’s core funding allocation from the
national Waste Minimisation and Recycling Fund. As such the GLA is well placed
to promote the dissemination of current recycling practice by publishing the results
of the projects funded through the London Recycling Fund. The lessons learnt and
success factors identified by these projects should enable other authorities to
develop efficient schemes.

Objective
The objectives of this report are:
         to review all of the projects funded by the London Recycling Fund during
          2002/03 and 2003/04; and
         to provide a reference document summarising the methodologies and
          outcomes from each London Recycling Fund project, which waste authorities
          can use to support decision making when considering recycling service
          improvements.
Table 1 shows the number of projects under the different LRF categories that were
funded between 2002 and 2004 in funding Rounds 1 to 7. These projects are
summarised in Chapters 2 – 8.

 Table 1 Projects funded by the London Recycling Fund in Rounds 1 - 7
     Category                  Number of Projects Funded
     Awareness/Education                  10
     Bring                                 1
     Civic Amenity                        10
     Estates                              13
     Infrastructure                        6
     Kerbside                             22
     Waste Minimisation                    3
     Total Projects Funded                65
The first round of applications to the fund were made in May 2002 and the most
recent round of applications, at the time of writing, were the Round 7 applications

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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

placed in September 2003. Table 2 sets out the closing dates for applications to
each round.

Table 2 Closing dates for Bidding Rounds 1 - 7

 Bidding Round                           Closing Date
                                    st
 Round 1                          31 May 2002
 Round 2                          14th July 2002
 Round 3                          15th September 2002
 Round 4                          27th October 2002
 Round 5                          15th December 2002
 Round 6                          19th January 2003
 Round 7                          15th September 2003

Report Structure
The projects are grouped into chapters based on each of the fund categories:
     Chapter 2: Awareness/Education
     Chapter 3: Bring
     Chapter 4: Re-use and Recycling Centres (Civic Amenity Sites)
     Chapter 5: Estates
     Chapter 6: Infrastructure
     Chapter 7: Kerbside
     Chapter 8: Waste Minimisation
     Chapter 9: Overall Lessons Learnt
A project summary for each project is provided in a standard format providing the
following information:
     Project Name
     LRF Category
     Project Date: the date given is based on the information provided by the
      funded organisation. The ‘Funding Date’ is the date that the first LRF funding
      was granted to the project, the ‘Completion Date’ is the date that the funded
      element of the project was completed, the ‘Operational Date’ is the date that
      the scheme became operational.
     Project Cost: the total project cost and total amount of LRF funding granted
      in Rounds 1 – 7 is given as set out in the funded organisation’s Project Plan.
     Number of Households: the total number of households in the borough or
      boroughs granted funding and the number of households benefiting from the
      funding is presented for each project.
     Project Aim: the aim presented is that stated by the funded organisation.
     Key Characteristics: such as the number of households covered,
      infrastructure required, operational elements and promotional activities are
      summarised.
     Project Partners: financial and non-financial partners are listed.


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                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

     Success Factors: as reported by the funded organisation are presented
      where this information has been supplied.
     Lessons Learnt: as reported by the funded organisation are presented
      where this information has been supplied.
     Resources – Financial and Non-Financial: a summary of overall project
      costs and the items included (such as personnel, containers and vehicles) are
      presented. Any additional resources not covered by the stated costs are also
      listed.
     Project Outputs: Where available the tonnages recycled through the project
      and householder participation levels, up to Quarter 3 2003/04, are presented.
      Alternatively, infrastructure, promotional materials or assessments carried out
      in each quarter are listed. It should be noted that in some cases the projects
      have not yet produced any quantifiable outputs or quarterly monitoring
      reports. Where applicable the borough’s statutory recycling and composting
      Best Value Performance Indicators (BVPIs) for 2001/02 and 2002/03 are
      given. The target BVPI for 2003/04 is also given.
     Authority Contact Details: This report provides only a brief summary of
      each project and the project manger should be contacted directly for further
      detail.
An example project summary is shown in Figure 1
All information given in the summaries was supplied by the waste authorities in
submissions presented alongside the LRF funding bids. The information was
supplied in the form of the initial application for the LRF funding, a Project Plan
setting out the proposed project following confirmation of funding and quarterly
monitoring reports which were provided alongside each funding request.

Figure 1    Project Summary Content


A number of symbols and formats are used in the project summaries and these are
explained in Table 3.

Table 3    Explanation of symbols and formatting used in the Project Summaries.
            Symbol/Formatting                           Meaning
                                                 Project Not Yet Started
                     -                              No Costs/Outputs
                    NA                           No Information Provided
                    Ref                       Fund project reference number




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                      LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

2.     AWARENESS/EDUCATION

 Table 4 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category
         “ Awareness/Education ”
                                                                      Project




                                                                                   Kensington & Chelsea




                                                                                                                              Tower Hamlets
                                                                       Greenwich



                                                                                                          Kingston

                                                                                                                     Newham
                                                      Croydon
                                        Bromley



                                                                GLA
      Scale  London wide                                          ♦                                                             ♦
             Borough                     ♦             ♦                ♦             ♦                    ♦          ♦
             Community                                                                                                          ♦
     Methods Interactive (i.e. staff)    ♦              ♦               ♦             ♦                    ♦          ♦
             Promotion Material                                   ♦                                                   ♦         ♦
             Events                      ♦                                                                            ♦         ♦
             PR                                                   ♦
             Kerbside Collection                                                      ♦
             Partnership Working                                                                                                ♦
      Output Qualitative                 ♦            ♦                                                    ♦          ♦
             Quantitative                                         ♦     ♦             ♦                    ♦                    ♦
             Measured impact on
             recycling
     Funding <£200,000                   ♦             ♦                ♦                                 ♦           ♦         ♦
             £200,000 - £500,000                                                      ♦
             >£500,000                                            ♦




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LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004




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                        5
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

BROMLEY
WASTE REDUCTION AND RECYCLING PROMOTIONAL VEHICLE (Ref: 7.65)

Category: Awareness/Education          Project Date: Funding: October 2003
                                                     Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £90,368            Total LRF Funding: £70,368
Households in Borough: 129,561         Households in Scheme: 129,561
Project Aim
To purchase and commission a 7.5 tonne custom-made promotional vehicle (Waste
and Recycling Mobile Information centre) to increase recycling participation and
minimise waste throughout the Borough by communicating specific messages to
targeted audiences around the Borough.
Key Characteristics
The Waste and Recycling Mobile Information centre was delivered to the Council in
April 2004 and will be used in awareness raising campaigns linked to the borough’s
waste minimisation and recycling strategy by:
     Promoting the borough’s kerbside recycling schemes; estates recycling
      schemes; on street recycling banks; redevelopment of the civic amenity site
      and other waste facilities;
     Providing coverage at high profile events such as The Biggin Hill Air Show
      and The Bromley and Bexley Pageant of Motoring.
     To target those areas where recycling participation is below average within
      the Borough with specific messages and appropriate methods of
      communication.
     Support messages being put out by the GLA-led London-wide promotional
      campaign – Recycle For London.
Project Partners
     Onyx – Provision of display materials for the vehicle
     London Community Recycling Network
Success Factors
     To be reported in 2004/05.
Lessons Learnt
     To be reported in 2004/05.




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: capital cost of vehicle. (Funding from the
waste authority and the private sector will be used for the operation of the vehicle
on an ongoing basis and the provision of promotional materials for the vehicle
respectively.)
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03         2003/04                      Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
     LRF Capital             £70,368            -           -           £70,368
    LRF Revenue                 -               -           -              -
      Total LRF              £70,368            -           -           £70,368
   Non-LRF funding
                                                        Ongoing         £15, 000
Waste Authority Funding      £15,000            -
                                                         costs            (min)
 Other Public Funding           -               -          -                -
 Private Sector funding      £2,500          £2,500        -             £5,000
                                                        Ongoing         £20, 000
 Total Non LRF Funding       £17,500         £2,500
                                                         costs            (min)
 Total project funding       £87,868         £2,500        -            £90,368
Non-financial Resources
     The project is staffed by the Council’s sustainability team supported by their
      waste contractor, Onyx, and the London Community Recycling Network.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year   Quarter                                Output
2003/0      Q3     Project yet to start
  4         Q4     Project yet to start
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               14.3%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               15.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                       14%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Bromley
Project Manager: Andrew Bale
Address: Environmental Services Department, Civic Centre, Stockwell Close,
         Bromley, BR1 3UH
Telephone: 020 8461 7624               E-Mail: andrew.bale@bramley.gn.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

CROYDON
COMMUNITY RECYCLING OFFICER (Ref: 6.51)

Category: Awareness/Education         Project Date: Funding: February 2003
                                                     Completion: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £289,000          Total LRF Funding: £39,000
Households in Borough: 137,980        Households in Scheme: 137,980
Project Aim
To maximise the amount of waste diverted from landfill through recycling and waste
minimisation activities by providing funding for a Community Recycling Officer to
deliver waste minimisation and recycling initiatives.
Key Characteristics
A Community Recycling Officer was employed to deliver the following specific
projects:
     “We believe in recycling” scheme, encouraging faith groups to collect a range
      of items such as mobile phones and stamps to send to charity.
     Croydon Real Nappy Network and Washable Nappies Trial.
     Waste reduction and recycling in schools.
     Junk Swaps, to promote and encourage junk swaps.
     Furniture and household goods recycling, working with existing local groups
      involved with furniture and white goods re-use and recycling.
     To work with the London Community Recycling Network (LCRN) to assess
      community recycling activities within the borough and to and advise on future
      direction.
Project Partners
     London Community Recycling Network have been funded to provide an
      overview of community recycling activities within Croydon.
Success Factors
     Use of existing and new networks within public, private and community
      sectors allowed fast development of promotional schemes and work with
      schools.
     Links with the Recycling For London Campaign were developed through the
      provision of local promotion.
Lessons Learnt
     The recruitment process took longer than anticipated.
     The letting of a new waste collection and street cleaning contract delayed the
      implementation of some community focused initiatives and promotion
      schemes.
     Although schemes have been implemented and groups have expressed a lot
      of interest, the take up of those schemes has been slower than expected so
      measurable outputs have been difficult to obtain.

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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: employment of the Community Recycling
Officer; consultants fees (LCRN) for recycling activity report; consumables;
communications and PR work.
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03         2003/04                     Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -               -           -              -
     LRF Revenue                -            £39,000        -           £39,000
       Total LRF                -            £39,000        -           £39,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding      £3,000             -       £250,000       £253,000
 Other Public Funding           -               -          -              -
 Private Sector funding         -               -          -              -
Total Non LRF Funding        £3,000             -       £250,000       £253,000
 Total project funding       £3,000          £39,000    £250,000       £289,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
Non-financial resources
     Support provided to the Community Recycling Officer by other members of
      the Croydon waste team.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
   Year       Quarter                             Output
                Q2     Preparatory work by team lead to some paper recycling
                       and junk swaps being put in place.
                 Q3    Community Recycling Officer in post, 500 ‘waste
                       minimisation and recycling’ guides distributed to schools,
                       fridge magnets and postcards distributed, 4 junk swaps
                       held, 10 schools with paper recycling facilities (14 more
 2003/04
                       expressed interest), London Community Recycling
                       Network report on community recycling in Croydon.60
                       Faith Groups expressing interest in “We Believe in
                       Recycling” programme.
                 Q4    Major furniture warehouse project prepared.
                       Assistance with ‘Green Door’ doorknocking campaign.
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                 15.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                 13.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Croydon
Project Manager: Peter McDonald
Address: Room 18.07, Taberner House, Park Lane, Croydon, CR9 3RN
Telephone: 020 8670 5640               E-Mail: peter_mcdonald@croydon.gov.uk
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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

GREATER LONDON AUTHORITY
RECYCLE FOR LONDON (Ref: 3.23/5.49/7.74)

Category: Awareness/Education          Project Date: Funding: November 2002
Total Project Cost: £2,874,833         Total LRF Funding: £444,607 [Round 3]
                                                              £100,0000 [Round 5]
                                                              £388,000 [Round 6]
                                                              £110,000 [Round 7]
Project Aim
To develop and implement a waste awareness campaign across London in order to
motivate and encourage people to change their behaviour with regards to waste
disposal and recycling. The project covered all 33 London Boroughs and 4 waste
disposal authorities.
Key Characteristics
     The project involved the development of a Communications Plan and the use
      of professional design, advertising, research, PR and website agencies to
      deliver a London wide waste awareness campaign. A ‘Recycle for London’
      logo was developed to support the campaign.
     A high level advertising campaign across the whole of London using a variety
      of media, including busbacks, poster sites, radio and printed media was
      implemented.
     The campaign was supported by a website and helpline to enable residents to
      access information on how to take action to reduce, reuse and recycle waste.
      The website also provided a tool for identifying the nearest recycling facilities
      by postcode.
     The programme ran a more locally focussed campaign over the Christmas
      and New Year period targeting Christmas tree, paper and glass recycling.
     Borough branded notepads were supplied to encourage a ‘lead by example’
      culture in corporate green purchasing.     Other Recycle for London
      merchandise was also produced.
     Livery for ‘Recycle for London’ collection vehicles were produced where
      requested.
Project Partners
     National Waste Awareness Initiative (research and advice); Cory
      Environmental Ltd (funding 5 year awareness programme in the Western
      Riverside Waste Authority area); London Remade (development of internet
      based teaching tool, support and advice); Waste Watch (helpline, training of
      waste authority officers, support and advice); Local Authorities and WDAs
      (support, advice, feedback and use of promotional material); London
      Recycling Officer’s Group, Association of London Government, Association of
      London Cleansing Officers (representatives provide support and advice for
      development of campaign)



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                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

Success Factors
     A third of Londoners had seen or heard the advertising.
     One simple message with consistent branding ensured that the campaign
      communicated its message effectively.
     The large scale campaign achieved a much greater impact than would be
      possible by individual local campaigns, but complemented local promotions
      and initiatives, thereby making them more effective.
     Residents are able to use the website to enter their postcode and see what
      recycling facilities are locally available. This facility included kerbside service
      information.
Lessons Learnt
     It was determined that, as most Local Authorities were planning targeted
      promotional activities over the Christmas period, economies of scale could be
      achieved by centralising this activity whilst retaining the localised messages.
     More time was needed to plan effectively with the waste authorities and to
      deliver their requirements.
RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: Campaign development, campaign poster
sites, busbacks, radio, awareness leaflets, promotional material and merchandise
for Local Authorities, training waste officers, development of website, helpline, PR,
copywriters, marketing costs for borough specific information and ethnic media.
Detailed Costs
                                                         Subsequent
                             2002/03        2003/04                           Total
                                                           Years
      LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -          £40,238                         £40,238
                                                                -
      LRF Revenue            £90,237      £1,812,132            -          £1,902,369

       Total LRF             £90,237      £1,852,370                       £1,942,607
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding       £25,080      £105,315             -           £96,645
 Other Public Funding         £30,846      £257,985             -           £254,517
 Private Sector funding      £246,000      £267,000             -           £513,000
Total Non LRF Funding        £301,926      £630,300             -           £864,162
 Total project funding       £392,163     £2,482,670            -          £2,874,833




                                          11
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

PROJECT OUTPUTS
   Year       Quarter                              Output
                       Media and communications plan developed, 2 stakeholder
                 Q1
                       events held, website and helpline launched, info pack
                       produced, communications support for boroughs
                       completed, campaign launched, 1000 busbacks, 526
                       poster sites, breakfast time radio advertising, 27 borough
                 Q2
                       specific leaflets, 27 advertorials, 3000 A4 posters, 300
                       large format posters in 3 boroughs, 385 helpline calls,
 2003/04
                       20,000 hits on website
                       1000 bus backs for the Christmas Campaign, 17 boroughs
                       had specific leaflets produced, 400 large format posters in
                 Q3
                       4 boroughs, 29 boroughs took up advertorial, 4 ads placed,
                       200-300 helpline calls, 3000 A4 & A3 posters
                       Generic advertorials in over 70 local papers, ads in
                 Q4
                       Evening Standard and Metro.
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                 -
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                 -
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                        -
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: The Greater London Authority
Project Manager: Hannah Collings, Senior Policy Officer – Waste Minimisation and
Recycling
Address: City Hall, The Queen’s Walk, London, SE1 2AA
Telephone: 020 7983 4279             E-Mail: hannah.collings@london.gov.uk




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                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

GREENWICH
BLUE TOP RECYCLING EDUCATION OFFICERS (Ref: 7.75)

Category: Awareness/Education           Project Date:      Funding: October 2003
                                                        Completion: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £69,670             Total LRF Funding: £69,670
Households in Borough: 94,461           Households in Scheme: 94,461
Project Aim
To increase participation and decrease the amount of contamination in the
collection of materials sent for separation at the Greenwich Materials Recycling
Facility.
Key Characteristics
The project involved the recruitment of 5 waste awareness and education officers
whose roles were:
     To encourage and promote public participation in the materials recycling
      facility initiative.
     To engage with residents associations and community housing initiatives to
      encourage participation in the mixed dry recycling scheme specifically on
      housing estates and all multi-occupancy housing areas.
     To provide a face-to-face education and information function to residents who
      had not joined the recycling initiative.
     To develop and distribute literature and to carry out satisfaction surveys for
      participants of the recycling initiative.
     To carry out specific surveys for non-participants of the recycling initiative.
     To develop and maintain communications with other local authorities in order
      to effectively distribute the findings of each specific survey plus any remedial
      action taken.
     To investigate all reports of non-compliance in the usage of the scheme.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                           14
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 5 recycling awareness/education officers.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -         £69,670           -          £69,670
     LRF Revenue                -            -              -             -
       Total LRF                -         £69,670           -          £69,670
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -            -              -             -
 Other Public Funding           -            -              -             -
 Private Sector funding         -            -              -             -
Total Non LRF Funding           -            -              -             -
 Total project funding          -         £69,670           -          £69,670
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £ NA
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
            Q3      No outputs recorded
                    20,000 satisfaction surveys, 15,000 non-participation surveys
2003/04
             Q4     carried out, 50,000 pieces of new literature created and
                    distributed
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                11.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                 9.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                        10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Greenwich
Project Manager: Jim Perkins
Address: Waste Services, Birchmere Depot, Eastern Way, Thamesmead, SE28 8BF
Telephone: 020 8521 4598              E-Mail: jim.perkins@greenwich.gov.uk




                                        15
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

KENSINGTON & CHELSEA
INCREASING DOMESTIC RECYCLING PARTICIPATION RATES (Ref: 3.21)

Category: Awareness/Education         Project Date:   Funding: October 2002
                                              Fully operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total project cost: £382,750          Total LRF Funding: £382,750
Households in Borough: 83,880         Households in Scheme: 15,000
Project Aim
Increased domestic recycling participation through the provision of an increased
kerbside collection.
Key Characteristics
     Provision of 15,000 green wheeled bins rolled out through a phased approach
      for the collection of recyclables.
     The roll out of bins was accompanied                  by   roadshows     and
      education/awareness raising initiatives.
     A recycling warden service was put in to operation to support the scheme.
      The 10 wardens visit households at all times of day. Wardens educate
      residents as to how and why they should recycle and ensure that collection
      crews are collecting as required. This provided an opportunity to promote the
      new bin scheme and offered feedback from householders to the Authority.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     The use of Wardens has increased the consistency of the recyclables
      collected.
Lessons Learnt
     Survey results from the households visited were thought to over estimate
      participation rates as recycling rates have not increased.
     The borough experienced significant problems with their bin supplier.
      Deliveries were not made according to schedule and factory breakdowns
      resulted in considerable waiting times. This delayed the roll out of the
      scheme whilst a new supplier was identified.




                                        16
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: wheeled bins, 10 recycling wardens.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                       Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -        £102,750           -         £102,750
     LRF Revenue                -        £280,000           -         £280,000
       Total LRF                -        £382,750           -         £382,750
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -           -               -            -
 Other Public Funding           -           -               -            -
 Private Sector funding         -           -               -            -
Total Non LRF Funding           -           -               -            -
 Total project funding          -        £382,750           -         £382,750
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £ NA
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year        Quarter                              Output
 2002/03        Q4     No outputs recorded
                Q1     1,300 bins ordered, 1,000 bins received,1,000 bins
                       distributed, participation measured by Recycling Wardens
                       stands at 64%
                 Q2    3,000 bins ordered, 3,300 bins received, 3,300 bins
                       distributed, participation measured by Recycling Wardens
 2003/04
                       stands at 62%
                 Q3    2,125 bins ordered, received and 2,125 distributed,
                       participation measured by Recycling Wardens stands at
                       60%
                 Q4    NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               8.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               7.9%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      22%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Project Manager: Mr. Jay Amies, Waste & Recycling Manager
Address: Dept. of Waste Management & Leisure, Council Offices, 37 Pembroke
         Road, London, W8 6PW
Telephone: 020 7341 5199              E-Mail: jay.amies@rbkc.gov.uk




                                       17
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

KINGSTON
WASTE AWARENESS AND REDUCTION INITIATIVES (Ref: 7.84)

Category: Awareness/Education          Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                       Completion: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £42,500            Total LRF Funding: £42,500
Households in Borough: 61,150          Households in Scheme: 61,150
Project Aim
To increase recycling through education and awareness campaigns at schools,
recycling sites and with promotional leaflets.
Key Characteristics
     A schools recycling service was introduced in which 50 schools were provided
      with paper and can recycling banks to make recycling available to children
      and their parents and to form part of an education campaign, teaching about
      recycling.
     Recycling site signs were provided giving information and directional signs put
      in place to increase the use of recycling sites.
     Promotional recycling leaflets were designed, produced and distributed to
      promote the use of the multi-material kerbside collection scheme with the aim
      of increasing set out rate from 30% to 50%.
Project Partners
     Local Schools
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     The timescales set initially were very tight so the delivery of leaflets was
      postponed until after Christmas.




                                         18
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 50 paper and 50 can recycling banks at
schools, purchase and installation of signs at recycling sites and design, production
and distribution of kerbside recycling promotion leaflets.
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03      2003/04                         Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -        £44,000            -           £44,000
     LRF Revenue                 -           -               -              -
       Total LRF                 -        £44,000            -           £44,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding          -           -               -              -
 Other Public Funding            -           -               -              -
 Private Sector funding          -           -               -              -
Total Non LRF Funding            -           -               -              -
 Total project funding           -        £44,000            -           £44,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year     Quarter                              Output
                     leaflets designed, 100 recycling banks received and
              Q3
 2003/04             distribution started
              Q4     NA
 BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                              17.8%
 BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               19%
 BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      30%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Project Manager: Ken Lawson
Address: Neighbourhood Services, Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames,
         Guildhall 2, Kingston upon Thames, KT1 1EU
Telephone: 020 8547 5861               E-Mail: ken.lawson@rbk.kingston.gov.uk




                                         19
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

NEWHAM
EDUCATION / PROMOTIONS OFFICER (Ref: 3.16)

Category: Awareness/Education          Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Completion: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £58,100            Total LRF Funding: £58,100
Households in Borough: 93,000          Households in Scheme: 93,000
Project Aim
To recruit an Education/Promotion Officer to encourage local people to play their
part in recycling, re-use and waste minimisation by ensuring that relevant and
meaningful information regarding schemes is provided and participation is open and
easily accessible to all.
Key Characteristics
     After an initial delay, an Education/Promotion Officer was employed in
      November 2003. Agency staff were used on a temporary basis from August
      2003.
     The Education/Promotion Officer focused upon building links with educational
      establishments, community groups and Newham’s 10 community forums.
     Four temporary staff were recruited with community language skills for a 4
      week doorstepping campaign to visit households and encourage recycling.
     Monitoring was put in place to measure public participation in recycling and
      recycling rates.
     A number of resources were developed to promote the various sustainable
      waste management options. These included education packs for local
      schools and leaflets for distribution through a range of locations and sources.
     Various promotional events were supported including a schools Green Days
      and Bring and Take events where people donated unwanted items to a fete
      so others could take them away free of charge.
Project Partners
     Newham Community Recycling, local educational establishments, community
      forums, holiday clubs, youth groups and Shanks Waste Services.
Success Factors
     The doorstepping programme was reported to succeed in increasing levels of
      participation and tonnages collected in the Orange Bag Recycling Scheme.
      This may be because the doorstepping programme reached residents who
      may not see Council literature or read leaflets placed through their doors. It
      also enabled non-English speakers who are normally excluded to be reached.
Lessons Learnt
     Complications were experienced when advertising the new post which led to
      a delay in implementation.
     The doorstepping activities need to be ongoing to maintain impact on
      behaviour.

                                         20
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004


RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: Four agency staff for doorstepping
exercise, Education/Promotion Officer, an education resource pack, new exhibition
materials, leaflets, merchandise for school visits and fun days, funding for further
Bring and Take Days.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -          £2,000           -            £2,000
     LRF Revenue                -         £56,100           -           £56,100
       Total LRF                -         £58,100           -           £58,100
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -            -              -              -
 Other Public Funding           -            -              -              -
 Private Sector funding         -            -              -              -
Total Non LRF Funding           -            -              -              -
 Total project funding          -         £58,100           -           £58,100


PROJECT OUTPUTS
   Year       Quarter                             Output
                       Temporary promotions officer in place, 4 agency staff hired
                 Q2
                       for doorknocking campaign.
                       Permanent Education/Promotions Officer recruited,
 2003/04
                 Q3    schools Green Day held, increased recycling rates and
                       participation reported by Borough.
                 Q4    Education packs created and delivered to the schools.
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                             2.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                             4.2%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                     10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Newham
Project Manager: Sally Cracknell, Waste Management Officer
Address: Central Depot, Folkestone Road, London, E6 6BX
Telephone: 020 8430 3960              E-Mail:Sally.Cracknell@newham.gov.uk




                                        21
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

TOWER HAMLETS
DEVELOPING LONDON’S COMMUNITY INITIATIVES (Ref: 3.20)

Category: Awareness/Education           Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                        Completion: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £189,778            Total LRF Funding: £138,778
Households in Borough: 3,148,456 Households in Scheme: 3,148,456
Project Aim
To support and enhance the capacity of London’s Local Authorities to interact with
Community Recyclers and build successful partnerships enabling them to secure
significant additional funds to deliver recycling services – in particular from the New
Opportunities Fund’s Transforming Waste programme.
Key Characteristics
Funding was provided to the London Community Recycling Network (LCRN) to
provide support to Local Authorities across London to develop partnerships with the
community sector. Activities included:
     A fortnightly Local Authority e-news and quarterly newsletter distributed to all
      London Local Authority Waste Management Officers.
     Seminars and events for Local Authorities and Community Recyclers.
     Local Authorities obtained support for partnership working with community
      groups including estates recycling and bulky waste uplifts.
     Local Authority/community sector partnerships were supported in bids for new
      project funding. Over 34 groups had support with bids to the Community
      Recycling and Economic Development (CRED) programme funded by the
      New Opportunities Fund. Funding was also obtained from the LRF.
     Research support was provided including: mapping exercises investigating
      the potential of green waste schemes; modelling community sector door-to-
      door estates recycling; modelling waste management systems including
      composting and estates recycling; and developing a central GIS database.
     The Building Partnerships section of the LCRN website was updated to
      include case studies of successful projects, recent newsletters and templates
      to help support funding applications
Project Partners
     Association of London Government, GLA, London Borough Greenwich,
      London Borough Lewisham, London Borough Southwark, London Community
      Recycling Network, North London Waste Disposal Authority
Success Factors
     The project provided support to a large number of Local Authorities and
      promoted partnership working with a range of community groups.
Lessons Learnt
     Some lack of project reporting was seen in the early part of the project prior to
      recruitment of staff and establishment of steering group.

                                          22
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: staff, premises, computer equipment,
running seminars and other events.
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital            38,778          94,000         -           132,778
     LRF Revenue              6,000             -           -            6,000
       Total LRF             44,778          94,000         -           138,778
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -             -             -               -
 Other Public Funding         5,000        40,000           -            45,000
 Private Sector funding       3,000         3,000           -             6,000
Total Non LRF Funding         8,000        43,000           -            51,000
 Total project funding       52,778       137,000           -           189,778
PROJECT OUTPUTS
   Year       Quarter                             Output
  2002/03       Q4     No outputs recorded
                Q1     7 e-newsletters, 2 Local Authority newsletters, 2
                       seminars/social events, communications strategy, display
                       stand
                 Q2    6 e-newsletters, 1 Local Authority newsletter, 4
                       seminars/social events, direct support for at least 13 Local
 2003/04               Authorities, model development
                 Q3    6 e-newsletters, 2 Local Authority newsletters, 3
                       seminars/social events, 7 CRED applications, direct
                       support for at least 13 Local Authorities, model
                       development
                 Q4    NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                      NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                      NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)             NA
CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: Tower Hamlets / London CRN
Project Manager: Ben Metz – Director, London CRN
Address: Bethnal Green Training Centre, Hanbury Street, London E1 5HZ
Telephone: 020 7375 3575                     E-Mail: ben@lcrn.org.uk
Website: http://www.lcrn.org.uk/programmes/building_partnerships_/




                                        23
                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

3.    BRING

 Table 5 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category “Bring”

                                           Project




                                             Croydon
      Scale  London wide
             Borough                         ♦
             Community
     Methods New sites                       ♦
             Expanding existing
             Improve existing
             Promotion
      Output Qualitative                     ♦
             Quantitative
             Measured impact on
             recycling
     Funding <£200,000                       ♦
             £200,000 - £500,000
             >£500,000




                                      24
LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004



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                     25
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

CROYDON
RECYCLING COLLECTIONS FROM SCHOOLS (Ref: 6.53)

Category: Bring                       Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                    Completion: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £NA               Total LRF Funding: £11,998
Households in Borough: 137,980        Households in Scheme: 2500
Project Aim
To supplement waste and recycling education in schools by providing easy to use
facilities for the recycling of paper, cans and glass (senior schools only). The
objective of doing this is to help instil the need to recycle in future generations.
Key Characteristics
The project had a number of key elements:
     Identification of schools capable of having a recycling site.
     Sending newsletters to schools inviting them to ask for information and
      educational material, as well as, host an assembly to consider having a
      recycling site at the school.
     Deliver containers and set up sites.
     Provide promotion for the scheme.
Project Partners
     Although there were no full partners in the project, the borough worked
      closely with local schools.
Success Factors
     Schools keen on recycling, especially internal paper, although it has to be
      made easy for them.
Lessons Learnt
     Interest in the scheme was lower than anticipated with only 2 (secondary)
      schools accepting full neighbourhood recycling sites and 2 (primary) schools
      opting for “parent only” sites. An additional 20 schools were considering
      recycling internal paper.
     Schools’ concerns over security and health & safety override desire to
      recycle.
     A lack of revenue funding for collection has prevented the earlier or further roll
      out of this scheme.




                                          26
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: recycling containers.
Detailed Costs
                                                          Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                         Total
                                                            Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -             4,420            -          4,420
     LRF Revenue                 -             7,578            -          7,578
       Total LRF                 -            11,998            -         11,998
   Non-LRF funding               -               -              -            -
Waste Authority Funding          -               -              -            -
 Other Public Funding            -               -              -            -
 Private Sector funding          -               -              -            -
Total Non LRF Funding            -               -              -            -
 Total project funding           -            11,998            -         11,998
      Cost per tonne material recycled: £ NA
      Cost per household served per week: £ NA
Non-financial resources
      Community Recycling Officer providing liaison and support for schools.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
   Year        Quarter                                 Output
  2002/03        Q4    No outputs recorded
                 Q1    No outputs recorded
                 Q2    No outputs recorded
                       Identified 4 potential sites (2 “parent only” access), schools
 2003/04         Q3
                       recycling report
                       Provided paper and textiles banks to 4 schools, and
                 Q4
                       arranging glass and can banks to 1 of these.
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                 15.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                 13.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Croydon
Project Manager: Peter McDonald, Community Officer
Address: Room 18.07, Taberner House, Park Lane, Croydon CR9 3BT
Telephone: 020 8760 2765               E-Mail: peter_mcdonald@croydon.gov.uk




                                         27
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

4.   RE-USE AND RECYCLING CENTRES (CIVIC AMENITY SITES)



 Table 6 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category “Re -Use And
         Recycling Centres (Civic Amenity Sites)”

                                                                   Project




                                                                                                     Tower Hamlets
                                                                                         Southwark
                                                                              Hounslow
                                      Croydon




                                                                     Harrow
                                                         Enfield
                                                Ealing
      Scale    London wide
               Borough                  ♦         ♦                    ♦         ♦          ♦           ♦
               Multiple Boroughs                           ♦
               Community
     Methods   New site                                                                     ♦
               Re design
                                                  ♦        ♦           ♦
               (construction)
               Re design (layout)                          ♦                     ♦
               New Containers/
               equipment
                                        ♦         ♦        ♦                     ♦                      ♦
               Additional materials     ♦                  ♦           ♦        ♦                       ♦
               Staffing levels                    ♦                             ♦
               Signage                            ♦        ♦           ♦        ♦           ♦           ♦
               Education                          ♦        ♦                                ♦
     Output    Qualitative              ♦         ♦        ♦                    ♦           ♦          ♦
               Quantitative                                ♦                                ♦
               Measured impact on
               recycling                          ♦        ♦           ♦                    ♦

     Funding   <£200,000                ♦                              ♦                               ♦
               £200,000 - £500,000                         ♦                    ♦           ♦
                >£500,000                         ♦




                                      28
LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004




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                      29
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

CROYDON
PURLEY OAKS CIVIC AMENITY IMPROVEMENTS (Ref: 6.50/7.67)

Category: Civic Amenity Sites           Project Date:   Funding: February 2003
                                                    Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £315,000            Total LRF Funding: £105,000 [Round 6]
                                                              £27,000 [Round 7]
Households in Borough: 137,980          Households in Scheme: 137,980
Project Aim
To increase the practical capacity of Purley Oaks Civic Amenity Site through the
use of compaction equipment. The project had the following objectives:
     Change the emphasis on the site from disposal to recycling;
     Improve bring facilities and performance;
     Increase recycling at the site;
     Remove the public’s frustration at the site reaching capacity too soon.
Key Characteristics
     Purley Oaks was a well used and compact site which, especially at peak
      times, reached capacity early in the day. This problem was compounded by
      the need to shut the site for the replacement of containers for health and
      safety reasons.
     Complaints from the public about recycling containers becoming full too
      quickly could have lead to disillusionment about recycling hindering any
      efforts to increase landfill diversion through recycling.
     The use of compaction equipment on the mixed waste containers reduced the
      number of containers required for mixed waste. This allowed more containers
      to be dedicated to recycling.
     The use of compactors on the recycling containers increased the capacity of
      those containers and in conjunction with the increase in recycling container
      numbers decreased the likelihood of the site reaching capacity over the
      period of a day.
     The London Recycling Fund provided capital for the purchase of compactors
      whilst any increases in civic amenity operational costs were borne by Croydon
      Council.
Project Partners
     SITA Ltd was the only partner in the project and their role was as the waste
      disposal contractor who operates the site.
Success Factors
     These will become measurable in 2004/05.
Lessons Learnt
     It is very important to ensure that residents are kept informed of planned
      changes and are updated on the results of their recycling efforts.

                                         30
                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: The capital funding was used for the
purchase of 3 compactors and some civil work. The revenue funding provided by
the borough was to cover increased costs of operating the site.
Detailed Costs
                                                   Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                      Total
                                                     Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital
        Round 6                 -        £105,00        -            £105,00
        Round 7                 -        £27,000        -            £27,000
     LRF Revenue                -           -           -               -
       Total LRF                -        £132,00        -            £132,00
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -       £30,000     £150,000      £180,000
 Other Public Funding           -          -           -             -
 Private Sector funding         -          -           -             -
Total Non LRF Funding           -       £30,000     £150,000      £180,000
 Total project funding          -       £165,000    £150,000      £315,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
Non-financial resources
     The monitoring and increased management for the project provided by
      Croydon Council and SITA.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year      Quarter                              Output
              Q1     - No outputs Recorded
              Q2     Planning Permission and Environment Agency Licensing
2003/04
              Q3     Civil works completion
              Q4     Installation of compactors - completion
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                        15.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                        13.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                 28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Croydon
Project Manager: Rod Lu Lu, Contracts Operations Manager, Waste Disposal
Address: Factory Lane Waste Transfer Station, Croydon, CR9 3RL
Telephone: 020 8288 8700           E-Mail: rod_lulu@croydon.gov.uk




                                       31
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

EALING
GREENFORD ROAD CIVIC AMENITY SITE TRANSFORMATION PROJECT
(Ref: 3.14/7.69)

Category: Civic Amenity Sites          Project Date:       Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £1,165,820         Total LRF Funding: £464,000 [Round 3]
                                                               £294,000 [Round 7]
Households in Borough: 119,132         Households in Scheme: 119,132
Project Aim
To increase recycling at the Greenford Road Civic Amenity Site through site
improvements, education and re-branding.
Key Characteristics
     The project involved the transformation of an out dated civic amenity site,
      which handles a large amount of waste (60,000 tonnes annually), into a
      modern Reuse and Recycling Centre.
     The project wanted to change the perception of the site by creating a user-
      friendly facility whose main purpose was recycling a variety of waste streams.
      A ‘re-branding’ of the site was also included in the project.
     Improvements included: resurfacing, level changes, new containers, surface-
      level and raised signage, and banning loose tipping.
     New resources included a new team of 6 waste segregation staff employed to
      assist the public and encourage recycling.
Project Partners
     West London Waste Disposal Authority – working with the borough on waste
      haulage arrangements and on future plans to treat residual waste.
     First bus company – to facilitate expanding the existing site boundary.
     Waste Reprocessors – co-operating             with    new   collection-from-site
      arrangements after the redevelopment.
     Cardinal – co-operating with new ways of managing and staffing the site
Success Factors
     The users ‘experience’ when visiting the civic amenity site was improved.
     The site was re-branded as an improved, well signed, organised and
      managed site.
     Prior to full site closure in order to redevelop the site, an impact mitigation
      plan was put in place, including borough-wide publicity for residents, and a
      wide range of information for commercial users.
Lessons Learnt
     It was recognised that behavioural change was needed before improvements
      at the site were seen. Therefore, education and awareness raising included
      changing the civic amenity site user’s behaviour.

                                         32
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: consultancy services, further on-site
management expertise, civil engineering.
Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                            2002/03         2003/04                      Total
                                                          Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital
        Round 3             £11,674      £377,326            -         £389,000
        Round 7                -         £294,000            -         £294,000
     LRF Revenue
        Round 3             £75,000            -             -          £75,000
        Round 7                -               -             -             -
       Total LRF
        Round 3             £86,674      £377,326            -         £464,000
        Round 7                -         £294,000            -         £294,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding      £51,064     £356,756       £118,256 pa    £407,820
 Other Public Funding           -            -               -             -
 Private Sector funding         -            -               -             -
Total Non LRF Funding        £51,064     £356,756       £118,256 pa    £407,820
 Total project funding      £137,738    £1,028,082      £118,256 pa   £1,165,820
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £11.85 (predicted by Borough for every
      extra tonne recycled in the 5 years following launch)
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
Non-financial resources
     Partnership working enabled use of other sites during redevelopment.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year      Quarter                               Output
2002/03      Q4      No outputs recorded
             Q1      Discussions with Environment Agency
             Q2      Site clearance completed, closure publicised, principal
2003/04              groundworks completed, containers procured
              Q3     Re-opening strategy prepared, ancillary equipment purchased
              Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               10.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               10.7%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                       20%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Ealing
Project Manager: Earl McKenzie, Manager – Contracts and Strategy
Address: Environmental Services, 22/24 Uxbridge Road, Ealing, London, W5 2BP
Telephone: 020 8825 5194                    E-Mail: earl.mckenzie@ealing.gov.uk


                                       33
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

ENFIELD
DEVELOPMENT OF REUSE AND RECYCLING CENTRES (REF: 4.27/6.55)

Category: Civic Amenity Sites           Project Date: Funding from: December 2002
                                                          Completion: Quarter 4 03/04
Total project cost: £2,429,440          Total LRF funding: £72,000 [Round 3]
                                                              £300,000 [Round 6]
Households in Boroughs: 720,962         Households in Scheme: 720,962
Project aim
To develop the north London boroughs’ reuse and recycling centres in line with
previous developments in north London with the objective of maximising diversion
through reuse, recycling and composting. This project was an amalgamation of
monies awarded from round four and round six of the London Recycling Fund
(LRF).
Key characteristics
The project was spilt into 4 sub-projects:
     The Reuse Project was concerned with the expansion of an existing
      voluntary sector furniture reuse project from it’s origin in Barnet (Collindale) to
      4 other north London boroughs: Camden, Hackney, Enfield and Islington.
      The furniture, collected at civic amenity sites or through bulky waste collection
      services, was sent for refurbishment and then sold on to members of the
      public who had social needs and had been referred to the service, providing
      affordable furniture.
     The Reuse Project activities included the purchase of a collection vehicle,
      staff training and the delivery of containers to sites where collection of
      furniture was to take place. Total expenditure on this project was £140,030,
      of which £72,000 was provided by LRF.
     The aim of the Barrowell Green Project in Enfield was to increase the reuse,
      recycling and composting from the civic amenity site by: installing safety
      barriers, height restrictions and parking areas; improving signage; adding
      gantry platforms to green containers; improving access and size of textile and
      glass recycling facilities; and installing a re-use container and timber
      recycling. Total expenditure on this project was £125,000, of which £88,000
      was provided by LRF.
     The aim of the Haringey Project was to increase the reuse, recycling and
      composting from the civic amenity site by making improvements to the site.
      Total expenditure on this project was £410,000, of which £147,000 was
      provided by LRF.
     The aim of the Waltham Forrest Project was to increase the reuse, recycling
      and composting from the site by: installing bulking bays for recyclables and
      other improvements. Total expenditure on this project was £148,000, of
      which £65,000 was provided by LRF.




                                             34
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

Project partners
     London Boroughs of Enfield, Haringey and Waltham Forest (civic amenity site
      redevelopment); London Boroughs of Camden, Enfield, Hackney, Islington
      (provision of re-use areas at council sites); North London Waste Authority
      (contract management); Kings Cross Furniture Project (furniture collection
      and reuse / refurbishment); CREATE (reuse of electrical equipment); ECT
      Recycling Limited
Success Factors
     Seven sites successfully achieved the operation of reuse collections and
      three new partners commenced furniture re-use schemes.
Lessons Learnt
     The success of referrals to the furniture reuse project was dependant upon
      staff commitment and the level of environmental awareness. Greater liaison
      was required between housing and social service departments.
     Integrating reuse on existing civic amenity sites was problematic due to the
      space requirements.
     Output was found to come on line much slower at existing sites than at new
      sites and maintaining output required significant supervision.
RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: collection vehicle, staff training, collection
containers, civil works, publicity information.
Detailed Costs (Entire Project)
                                                         Subsequent
                             2002/03          2003/04                       Total
                                                           Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital
        Round 4                   -           -                -             -
        Round 6                   -        £300,000            -          £300,000
     LRF Revenue
        Round 4              £14,400        £57,600            -           £72,000
        Round 6                 -              -               -              -
       Total LRF             £14,400       £357,600            -          £372,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding      £744,550     £1,292,890       £907,000      £2,037,440
 Other Public Funding            -             -              -               -
 Private Sector funding        £260        £19,740            -           £20,000
Total Non LRF Funding        £744,810     £1,312,630          -          £2,057,440
 Total project funding       £759,210     £1,670,230          -          £2,429,440
     Cost per tonne material recycled/reused (predicted by Boroughs):
            Reuse Project:                    £505.26
            Barrowell Green Project:          £13.00
            Haringey Project:                 £23.70
            Waltham Forrest Project:          £11.20


                                         35
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 PROJECT OUTPUTS
                       Q1            Q2            Q3             Q4           Total
2002/03
Reuse                                                          16 tonnes     16 tonnes
                                                                (reuse)       (reuse)
2003/04
Reuse               21 tonnes     23 tonnes     15 tonnes      27 tonnes     86 tonnes
                     (reuse)       (reuse)       (reuse)        (reuse)       (reuse)
Barrowell Green
                                     NA            NA             NA             NA
Barnet
Haringey                            NA            NA              NA             NA
Waltham Forrest                  800 tonnes    633 tonnes         NA             NA

 Year     Quarter                               Output
                   Reuse Project: Vehicle procured, staff trained, collection containers
                   introduced, 56 households & 111 individuals benefit from reuse
2002/03      Q4    Barrowell Green Project: NA
                   Haringey Project: NA
                   Waltham Forrest Project: Civil works commenced
                   Reuse Project: 77 households & 134 individuals benefit from reuse
                   Barrowell Green Project: NA
             Q1
                   Haringey Project: NA
                   Waltham Forrest Project: Planning permission / licensing obtained
                   Reuse Project: 81 households & 163 individuals benefit from reuse
                   Barrowell Green Project: NA
             Q2
                   Haringey Project: NA
                   Waltham Forrest Project: NA
2003/04
                   Reuse Project: 55 households & 109 individuals benefit from reuse
                   Barrowell Green Project: NA
             Q3
                   Haringey Project: NA
                   Waltham Forrest Project: New site opens
                   Reuse Project: 96 households & 193 individuals benefit from reuse
                   Barrowell Green Project: NA
             Q4
                   Haringey Project: NA
                   Waltham Forrest Project: NA
                                        Reuse                                  Waltham
                                                    Enfield      Haringey
                                        Project                                 Forrest
BVPI recycling/composting rate 01/02      NA          8.7%         4.6%           8.2%
BVPI recycling/composting rate 02/03      NA         11.7%         4.4%          10.2%
BVPI recycling/composting target 03/04    NA          18%           10%           12%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Enfield
 Project Manager:     Will Gardiner – Principal Strategy and Projects Officer, North
                      London Waste Authority
 Address: Contract House, Park View Road, London, N17 9AY
 Telephone: 020 8489 5798           E-Mail: will.gardiner@nlondon-waste.gov.uk


                                          36
LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004



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                      37
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HARROW
SEPARATION OF GREEN WASTE AT CIVIC AMENITY SITE (Ref: 2.7)

Category: Civic Amenity Site           Project Date:      Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 02/03
Total Project Cost: £390,000           Total LRF Funding: £190,000
Households in Borough: 81,572          Households in Scheme: 81,572
Project Aim
To improve facilities at the existing civic amenity site and divert waste to a
composting facility and Materials Recycling Facility to improve the borough’s
recycling rate. To re-brand the site as a “Waste Reuse and Recycling Centre”.
Key Characteristics
The project entailed changing the arrangements at the civic amenity site, which
serves the 81,572 households in the London Borough of Harrow, from tipping in
open bays, packing waste into containers and transporting the waste by train to
landfill to a scheme which allowed:
     Segregation of garden waste into open top skips for delivery to a composting
      facility.
     Segregation of cardboard waste into open top skips for delivery to a recycling
      facility.
     Deposit of all other waste into open top skips for transport to a Materials
      Recycling Facility for separation of additional materials for recycling and reuse
      (e.g. construction and demolition waste, wood etc.)
     Re-branding of the site as a Waste Reuse and Recycling Centre.
     The proposed project was designed to be supported by ‘parallel’ investment
      made by West London Waste Authority in sorting, bulking and transporting
      capacity.
Project Partners
     West London Waste Authority (WLWA)
     Eq Waste Management, St Albans (composting)
Success Factors
     Site reconstructed and chutes installed over open top skips by March 2003.
Lessons Learnt
     The arrangements for the new transport and processing facilities were
      delayed by regulatory and planning permission difficulties. Transportation
      from start of April 2003 was, therefore, provided by a temporary contract.
     The tonnages of green waste recovered from the site were less than
      anticipated. This may have been partly due to the dry summer.
     The tonnage of other materials recovered was also less than anticipated due
      to the delay in commissioning the processing facilities.



                                         38
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: removal of compactor and reconstruction
 of floor; construction of new floors to tipping areas; demolition of redundant
 walls/construction of new walls; removal of existing barriers and provision of new
 chute system; improvements to the entrance (to improve vehicle flow); new signs for
 tipping areas and to re-brand site. New skips and vehicles to service the skips
 covered by private sector funding.
 Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                             2002/03      2003/04                          Total
                                                          Years
      LRF Funding
       LRF Capital           £190,000          -                   -     £190,000
      LRF Revenue               -              -                   -        -
        Total LRF            £190,000          -                   -     £190,000
   Additional non-LRF
         funding
 Waste Authority Funding        -               -              -            -
  Other Public Funding          -               -              -            -
  Private Sector funding     £200,000           -              -            -
 Total Non LRF Funding       £200,000           -              -         £200,000
  Total project funding      £390,000           -              -         £390,000
      Private Sector funding had not been spent by December 2003 due to the
       delays in permitting.
 PROJECT OUTPUTS
               Q1         Q2               Q3             Q4             Total
2003/04     758 tonnes 742 tonnes       669 tonnes        NA              NA


  Year      Quarter                              Output
 2002/03      Q3     Site construction commences
              Q4     First compactor installed and chutes constructed,
                     construction completed
              Q1     No outputs recorded
              Q2     No outputs recorded
2003/04
              Q3     No outputs recorded
              Q4     No outputs recorded
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               10.3%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                9.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                       16%

 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Harrow
 Project Manager: Andrew Baker – Waste Management Policy Officer
 Address: PO Box 38, Station Road, Harrow, Middlesex, HA1 2JX
 Telephone: 020 8424 1779                     E-Mail: andrew.baker@harrow.gov.uk

                                         39
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HOUNSLOW
SPACE WAYE CIVIC AMENITY SITE REDEVELOPMENT (Ref: 5.39)

Category: Civic Amenity Site            Project Date:         Funding: February 2003
                                                        Completion: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £227,700            Total LRF Funding: £214,200
Households in Borough: 87,555           Households in Scheme: 87,555
Project Aim
Following an upgrade of the Space Waye civic amenity site in 2001, a review of the
site was undertaken on behalf of Hounslow which made a number of
recommendations for further improvements. The aim of this project was to
implement the identified improvement options and to link the reuse at the site with
the existing bulky waste collection service in the borough.
Key Characteristics
In order to achieve the aim of enhancing the recycling performance and reuse
potential at the site the following changes were implemented:
     The introduction of plastics recycling from the site.
     Enhanced signage and container refurbishment.
     The introduction of facilities for the deposit of goods for reuse (such as Waste
      Electrical and Electronic Equipment [WEEE] furniture and paint). This
      included a walk-in reuse centre for the public to use.
     Upgrade to the waste segregation bays.
     Providing funding for a “Recycling Promotions Officer” (DSO).
Project Partners
     None, the operation and management of the civic amenity site was carried out
      by the department’s Direct Service Organisation.
Success Factors
     The introduction of a recycling promotions officer at the site made it
      significantly easier for the public to segregate materials for recycling.
Lessons Learnt
     Delays were encountered with the procurement and delivery of equipment
      and vehicles and with staff recruitment. This did not adversely affect overall
      timescales.




                                          40
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: construction costs associated with the
refurbishment; caged tipper vehicles for the harmonisation of reuse from the site
with existing bulky waste collections; containers; plastics baling equipment; signage
and road markings; and a recycling promotions officer.
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                          Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -        £185,000           -             £185,000
     LRF Revenue                 -        £29,200            -             £29,200
       Total LRF                 -        £214,200           -             £214,200
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding       £2,000      £11,500            -              13,500
 Other Public Funding            -           -               -                 -
 Private Sector funding          -           -               -                 -
Total Non LRF Funding         £2,000      £11,500            -              13,500
 Total project funding        £2,000      £225,700           -             £227,700
      Cost per tonne material recycled: £ £45.30 (predicted by Borough)
      Cost per household served per week: £ NA
Non-financial resources
      The main non-financial resource was the management of the project.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year       Quarter                                Output
2002/03       Q3     Production of a feasibility report
              Q4     Recruitment of Recycling Promotions Officer
              Q1     Purchase containers; start relocating containers on site; start
                     bin refurbishment; order signs, vehicles; start Tidy Town
                     bulky waste collections; collection review
              Q2     Complete relocation of containers and install reuse centre;
2003/04              start construction of reinforced wall; install and implement
                     plastic baler; take delivery of vehicles; complete bin
                     refurbishment; have signage and road markings in place
              Q3     Complete wall construction
              Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                 12.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                 15.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Hounslow
Project Manager: Richard Wood
Address: Civic Centre, Lampton Road, Hounslow, TW3 4DN
Telephone: 020 8583 5065               E-Mail: richard.wood@hounslow.gov.uk


                                         41
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

SOUTHWARK
MANOR PLACE DEPOT REFURBISHMENT (Ref: 4.32)

Category: Civic Amenity Site          Project Date:      Funding: December 2002
                                                      Completion: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £714,000          Total LRF Funding: £364,000
Households in Borough: 115,083        Households in Scheme: 115,083
Project Aim
To refurbish the existing Manor Place Depot in Southwark with a view to: improving
the previously low usage of the site by Southwark residents; increasing recycling
rates; improving site layout and appearance; and improving safety measures to
protect the public and site staff.
Key Characteristics
     Prior to this project there were no existing bulking facilities for recyclables in
      the borough and the civic amenity site was underused and required improved
      health and safety controls.
     The existing civic amenity site, which served the 115,000 households in
      Southwark, was relocated, redesigned and expanded into a Reuse &
      Recycling Centre including improved signage, traffic movements and layout
      with the recycling areas arranged so that they are passed before the waste
      areas.
     Bulking bays for wood, metal, green waste and mixed glass were established
      to support throughput from collection schemes.
     The existing swimming pool on the site was converted into a mini MRF
      (Materials Recycling Facility) in order to ensure the viability of Southwark’s
      kerbside paper collection service and underpin future collection options.
     A railway arch was converted to create an interactive education/seminar
      facility which enables on-site tours and presentations.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     Construction was completed to programme.
     The Reuse and Recycling Centre and bulking bays overachieved against
      predicted recycling levels and has the potential to trial green waste
      segregation.
Lessons Learnt
     Operations were slightly delayed due to Health and Safety and insurance
      issues.
     The borough found that there was a need to publicise the re-branded service
      and to fully integrate this into the borough’s other schemes.



                                          42
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: mini materials recycling facility for paper
bulking; relocation, expansion, redesign and rebranding of civic amenity site;
bulking bays and education facility.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                             2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital            £32,100      £19,000             -        £340,000
     LRF Revenue             £15,000       £9,000             -        £24,000
       Total LRF            £336,000      £28,000             -        £364,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding     £150,000     £75,000        £75,000        £300,000
 Other Public Funding           -           -              -               -
 Private Sector funding        -         £25,000        £25,000        £50,000
Total Non LRF Funding       £150,000     £100,000       £100,000       £350,000
 Total project funding      £486,000     £128,000       £100,000       £714,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £42.80 (predicted by Borough based on
      8500 tonnes throughput and LRF funding)
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1         Q2           Q3                Q4              Total
2002/03                                                   -               -
2003/04         -           1,840 tonnes                NA               NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start                NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end                  NA


 Year       Quarter                              Output
2002/03       Q4     Reuse & Recycling Centre and bulking bays operational
              Q1     -
              Q2     Support staff in place
2003/04       Q3     Mini-materials recycling facility refurbishment completed
                     awaiting health and safety clearance
              Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               3.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               4.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Southwark
Project Manager: Phil Davies, Head of Waste Management & Transport Division
Address: Manor Place Depot, 30-34 Penrose St, London, SE17 3DW
Telephone: 0207 525 2387 E-Mail: philip.davies@southwark.gov.uk



                                        43
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

TOWER HAMLETS
NORTHUMBERLAND WHARF CIVIC AMENITY SITE PLAN (Ref: 5.44)

Category: Civic Amenity Sites           Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                        Completion: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £33,700             Total LRF Funding: £28,563
Households in Borough: 84,233           Households in Scheme: 84,233
Project Aim
The Northumberland Wharf Civic Amenity Site was a small site with little scope for
recycling and no segregation between areas used for household and commercial
waste. The aim of this project was to redesign and refit the site to enable it to
conform with the Mayor’s strategy policy by providing easier access, more space
and facilities for material recycling and segregation of household and trade waste in
order that misuse of the site could be kept to a minimum.
Key Characteristics
Elements of the site redevelopment included:
     New Paint store
     Additional recycling containers
     Barriers and separation cones
     Covered reuse centre
     New signage and road markings
Project Partners
     Cleanaway (non financial partner)
Success Factors
     Redevelopment was achieved as set out in the initial project plan.
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                           44
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: paint store; barriers & cones; recycling
containers; re-use centre; storage area; signage; fire precautions; road markings,
mobile weighbridge.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -         £28,500           -          £28,500
     LRF Revenue                -            -              -             -
       Total LRF                -         £28,500           -          £28,500
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -          £5,200           -              -
 Other Public Funding           -             -             -              -
 Private Sector funding         -             -             -              -
Total Non LRF Funding           -          £5,200           -           £5,200
 Total project funding          -         £33,700           -          £33,700
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £ NA
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year      Quarter                               Output
2002/03      Q4      No outputs recorded
             Q1      No outputs recorded
             Q2      Paint store; barriers and cones; recycling containers
             Q3      Re-use centre; storage area; signage; fire precautions; road
2003/04
                     markings; mobile weighbridge; the site development
                     completed
              Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               2.8%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               3.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Tower Hamlets
Project Manager: David Hiscock
Address: Council Offices, Room G08, Southern Grove, E3 4PN
Telephone: 020 7364 6932              E-Mail: david.hiscock@towerhamlets.gov.uk




                                        45
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

5.    ESTATES


 Table 7 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category “Estates”

                                                                                                          Project




                                                                                                    Kingston Upon Thames
                                                                             Kensington & Chelsea




                                                                                                                                                                                  Tower Hamlets
                                                                                                                                                                                                  Westminster
                                                                                                                                                                      Southwark
                                                                                                                                               Redbridge
                                                                                                                                                           Richmond
                                                                                                                           Lewisham
                                                      Hounslow
                                                                 Islington
                                            Hackney




                                                                                                                                      Merton
                                   Bexley


      Scale    London wide
               Borough             ♦        ♦         ♦                      ♦                      ♦                      ♦          ♦        ♦           ♦          ♦           ♦               ♦
               Multiple Borough                                  ♦
               Community
     Methods   Near Entry Sites    ♦        ♦         ♦          ♦           ♦                      ♦                      ♦                   ♦           ♦          ♦                           ♦
               Householder         ♦
               Containers
               Door Step                                                                            ♦                                 ♦                                           ♦
               Collection
               On-street/Bring                                   ♦                                                                                                    ♦                           ♦
               systems
               Litter (including                                                                                                                                                                  ♦
               leaves)
               Schools                                                                              ♦
               Wardens                                                       ♦                                                                                        ♦
               New scheme          ♦        ♦                    ♦                                  ♦                                          ♦                      ♦           ♦
     Status    Improvement                                                                                                 ♦                                          ♦
               Expansion                              ♦                      ♦                                                        ♦                    ♦                                      ♦
     Output    Qualitative         ♦        ♦                                                                              ♦                   ♦
               Quantitative                 ♦                    ♦           ♦                      ♦                      ♦          ♦                    ♦          ♦           ♦               ♦
               Measured impact                                   ♦           ♦                      ♦                      ♦          ♦                    ♦                      ♦               ♦
               on recycling
     Funding   <£200,000                              ♦                       ♦                     ♦                                 ♦        ♦           ♦                                      ♦
               £200,000 -          ♦        ♦                    ♦                                                                                                    ♦
               £500,000
                >£500,000                                                                                                  ♦                                                      ♦




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                     47
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

BEXLEY
THE EXPANSION OF RECYCLING INITIATIVES FOR FLATS (Ref: 7.64)

Category: Estates                       Project Date:      Funding: October 2003
                                                        Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total project cost: £567,000            Total LRF funding: £391,000
Households in Borough: 92,374           Households in Scheme: 6,980
Project aim
To expand the existing recycling facilities to flats across the borough (10% of the
borough’s households) in order to increase kerbside recycling coverage in Bexley.
Key characteristics
     A set of three ‘box-bags’ were provided to residents in flats so that they could
      carry their recyclable materials to near-entrance collection points.
     The collection point containers were located as near to the entrance of the
      flats as possible to make the process of carrying recyclables to the collection
      point as easy as possible.
     The materials collected were paper, cardboard, glass (all colours), plastics
      and cans.
     Prior to siting a collection point, consultation was carried out with the relevant
      housing association or residents’ group in order to provide the most
      appropriate facilities for each individual area.
     In areas which have schools in their locality, recycling was promoted in
      conjunction with the Bexley SWAC (Schools Waste Action Club) Officer.
     Prior to the project the scheme was rolled out to 3,000 properties and the
      London Recycling Fund funding covered the increased coverage of ‘box bags’
      and near entry containers to the remaining 698 properties.
Project partners
     None
Success Factors
     Over the course of the roll out of the project, surveys were carried out so that
      any input that residents could provide into improving the service could be
      reviewed and then implemented.
     Bexley worked in partnership with housing associations/land owners to
      promote the project and ensure that where possible, this limited problems
      regarding siting recycling containers.
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date.




                                          48
                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: 3 ‘box-bags’ per household, collection
 point containers, leaflets.
 Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                              2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                          Years
      LRF funding
       LRF Capital                -        £333,000           -         £333,000
      LRF Revenue                 -        £58,000            -         £58,000
        Total LRF                 -        £391,000           -         £391,000
    Non-LRF funding
 Waste Authority Funding          -        £60,000       £116,000       £176,000
  Other Public Funding            -           -             -              -
  Private Sector funding          -           -             -              -
 Total Non LRF Funding            -        £60,000       £116,000       £176,000
  Total project funding           -        £451,000      £116,000       £567,000
       LRF Capital Cost per tonne: £55.5 (predicted by Borough over 5 years)
       LRF Revenue Cost per tonne: £9.66 (predicted by Borough over 5 years)
       Cost per household served per week: £NA
 Non-financial resources
       Waste Projects Officer and Waste Minimisation and Recycling Officer.
 PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                                    Output
2003/04      Q3     NA
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                  20.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                   22%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                          33%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Bexley
 Project Manager: Stephen Didsbury, Waste and Recycling Manager
 Address: Highways & Amenities Department, Crayford Town Hall, 112 Crayford
          Road, Crayford, Dartford, Kent, DA1 4ER
 Telephone: 020 8303 7777 ext 3600 E-Mail: steve.didsbury@bexley.gov.uk




                                         49
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HACKNEY
ESTATES RECYCLING SCHEME (Ref: 3.12)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £1,022,500        Total LRF Funding: £310,000
Households in Borough: 90,547          Households in Scheme: 35,000
Project Aim
To establish a dry recyclables collection system for domestic premises on housing
estates.
Key Characteristics
     The project provided near entry recycling facilities at a density of
      approximately 1 site to 70 properties for residents on estates. The target was
      to set up a total of 500 sites across the borough to serve 35,000 properties.
     Each collection site comprised a bank of five 240 litre wheeled bins, for clear,
      brown and green glass, paper and mixed cans. The wheeled bins were held
      in position by a steel frame, which was free standing, but secured by paving
      slabs, which slot in the base of the frame under each bin. A locking bar
      droped down over the bin lids to keep the bins in place and to prevent
      opening.
     Each site receives a scheduled collection on a weekly basis (or more
      frequently if required), using a 5 compartment split body recycling vehicle.
     The recycling contract requires the recycling contractor to market the
      materials collected. The income generated from the sale of the materials off-
      sets part of the collection costs.
Project Partners
     ECT Recycling Ltd operate the recycling contract. LCRN manage the EQUAL
      Project. The objective of the EQUAL Project is the development of 3 social
      enterprises undertaking sustainable waste management activities for
      residents of estates. The London Borough of Greenwich is the co-ordinating
      borough of the wider regional EQUAL funding.
Success Factors
     The service should provide a stepping stone to improve recycling service
      delivery, allowing additional materials to be collected using the same
      infrastructure, such as the introduction of green/kitchen waste collections.
     To encourage participation in the scheme and achieve maximum tonnages
      collected, the Council return the Recycling Credits gained from the material
      collected to the individual Estates.
Lessons Learnt
     The timetable slipped due to problems with the specification of the frames
      which had not been galvanised and, therefore, rusted. The extra work
      resulted in a longer delivery time and further expenditure. However, improved
      installation arrangements with ECT Recycling meant the timetable recovered.

                                         50
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 500 steel frames, 2500 x 240 litre bins,
500 signs, 2 vehicles, staff costs, vehicle lease, vehicle on costs, leaflets,
developing social enterprise
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                         Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital           £230,000      £80,000            -         £310,000
     LRF Revenue               -             -               -            -
       Total LRF            £230,000      £80,000            -         £310,000
  Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding     £125,000     £165,000        £160,000      £450,000
 Other Public Funding
     NRF                    £137,500         -              -           £137,500
     EQUAL                   £50,000     £50,000         £25,000        £125,000
 Private Sector funding         -            -              -              -
Total Non LRF Funding       £312,500     £215,000        £185,000       £712,500
 Total project funding      £542,500       £295          £185,000      £1022,500
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £110 from 2002/3 to 2004/5 reducing after
      the funding expires e.g. £82 after 5 years. (predicted by Borough)
     Capital cost per household served per week: £12.50 (predicted by Borough)
     Revenue cost per property per annum: £4.71 (predicted by Borough)
Non-financial resources
     The project works alongside the sustainability project run by EQUAL.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year     Quarter                                Output
             Q3      No outputs recorded
                     135 steel frames & 2000 wheeled bins purchased, 1 Social
2002/03
              Q4     Enterprise developed and undertaking trial door to door
                     collections
              Q1     Officer in-place
              Q2     One of the two vehicles arrived, 50 frames galvanised
2003/04
              Q3     NA
              Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                     1.2%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                     2.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)            10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Hackney
Project Manager: Mark Griffin, Head of Waste Services
Address: Dorothy Hodgkin House, 12 Reading Lane, Hackney, E8 1HJ
Telephone: 020 8356 2081                     E-Mail: mgriffin@gw.hackney.gov.uk

                                        51
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HOUNSLOW
RECYCLING FACILITIES FOR LOW RISE MOPS (Ref: 7.82)

Category: Estates                       Project Date:      Funding: October 2003
                                                        Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total project cost: £105,555            Total LRF funding: £51,500
Households in Borough: 87,555           Households in Scheme: 2,500
Project aim
The London Borough of Hounslow has identified 103 locations where multi
occupancy properties (MOPs) exist which have between 16 and 29 individual
dwellings yet have insufficient space for a near entrance estate frame recycling
facility as seen across estates in the borough. The aim of this project was to enable
the 2,500 households which fall into this category to have convenient on site
recycling facilities from which they were previously excluded.
Key characteristics
     A variant of the near entrance estate frames used on larger estates was
      developed with Media Lunar for the project. These consisted of a frame
      secured by paving slabs into which wheeled bins are locked.
     The project aimed to install systems at all 103 identified sites, with the first 35
      sites being installed in quarter 4 of 2003/04.
     The materials collected included paper, card, yellow pages, glass, cans, foil,
      aerosols, textiles, and household batteries.
     There was no extra collection cost as the sites could be added to existing
      collection rounds.
Project partners
     Media Lunar (Recycling container frame design)
     ECT Recycling (Collection)
Success Factors
     The design phase was carried out in consultation with the collection
      contractor to ensure operational issues were not overlooked.
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date.




                                          52
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: development costs (Media Lunar),
purchase of bin systems and staff costs for managing and carrying out the project.
Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                              2002/03       2003/04                       Total
                                                          Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                 -         £51,500             -        £51,500
     LRF Revenue                  -            -                -           -
       Total LRF                  -         £51,500             -        £51,500
   Non-LRF funding                -
Waste Authority Funding                     £18,235          £16,320     £34,555
 Other Public Funding             -            -                -           -
 Private Sector funding           -         £20,000             -        £20,000
Total Non LRF Funding             -         £38,235             -        £54,555
 Total project funding            -         £89,735          £16,320     £105,555
      Cost per tonne material recycled: £17.60 (predicted by Borough)
      Cost per household served per week: £NA
Non-financial resources
      Time spent by waste authority staff on the project.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                                  Output
2003/04      Q3     Complete design
             Q4     Order and install first 35 sites
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                 12.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                 15.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Hounslow
Project Manager: Trevor Watkins
Address: Street Management & Public Protection, The Civic Centre, Lampton
         Road, Hounslow, TW3 4DN
Telephone: 020 8583 5061                E-Mail: trevor.watkins@hounslow.gov.uk




                                          53
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

ISLINGTON
NORTH LONDON JOINT BID; ESTATES RECYCLING (Ref: 3.18)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £3,157,062         Total LRF Funding: £2,562,366
Households in Boroughs: 500,415        Households in Scheme: 133,000
Project Aim
To introduce a recycling collection scheme to the 133,000 households in 5 London
Boroughs who were not receiving a direct service and include the necessary
infrastructure for mini bring recycling centres at 602 locations.
Key Characteristics
     The project provided a recycling service to residents residing on estates or in
      multi-occupancy flats in the five boroughs of Islington, Camden, Waltham
      Forest, Enfield, and Haringey
     The project introduced a range of point of entry/exist (and on-street) mini
      recycling centres at 602 locations throughout the five boroughs.
     The project linked together five boroughs through the co-ordination of
      procurement, project management and service delivery.
Project Partners
     Islington, Camden, Waltham Forest, Enfield, and Haringey (Provision of
      Recycling Services)
Success Factors
     Joint working minimised duplication and allowed for co-ordination of projects,
      procurement and service delivery to provide an efficient service.
     Communal facilities offered value for money as there was a lower unit cost to
      collect the materials.
Lessons Learnt
     Consultation was found to take considerably longer than anticipated in
      Islington.
     The container suppliers were unable to meet the tight implementation
      deadline and the project was almost entirely reliant on the supplier being able
      to meet demand.
     Two Boroughs altered the size of containers used after the first phase roll out.
     Residents have opposed some sites.




                                         54
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: recycling vehicles and crews; containers;
publicity leaflets and posters.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                           2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital          £572,599     £1,675,713          -        £2,248,366
     LRF Revenue           £44,000       £270,000           -         £314,000
       Total LRF           £616,599     £1,945,713          -        £2,562,366
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding    £17,500       £456,000     £456,000pa      £473,500
 Other Public Funding      £30,000       £60,000           -          £90,000
 Private Sector funding    £17,750        £13,500     £13,500pa       £31,250
Total Non LRF Funding      £65,250       £529,500     £469,500pa      £594,750
 Total project funding     £681,849     £2,475,213    £925,500pa     £3,157,062
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £ NA
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
Non-financial resources
     Housing Department Estates Services Officers were used as the first point of
      contact for householders.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1           Q2               Q3           Q4           Total
2002/03                                             360 tonnes      360 tonnes
2003/04 428 tonnes 651 tonnes       528 tonnes           NA             NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start   NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end     NA




                                       55
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004



 Year     Quarter                                Output
            Q1       Waltham Forrest: Install first phase sites
            Q3       Waltham Forrest: Bring banks exchanged
                     Camden: 16 sites implemented
2002/03
                     Enfield: 348 containers received
            Q4
                     Islington: 249 containers received, 37 sites completed
                     Waltham Forrest: 1 vehicle and 1236 containers procured,
            Q1       Camden: 19 sites implemented
                     Enfield: 292 containers received, 26 sites started
                     Islington: 50 containers received, 19 sites completed
                     Waltham Forrest: 2 bring sites and 32 estates sites complete
2003/04     Q2       Camden: 19 sites implemented
                     Enfield: 146 containers received, 30 sites complete, 20
                     started
                     Islington: 300 containers received, 14 sites completed
                     Waltham Forrest: 1 bring site and 56 estates sites complete
            Q3       Camden: 19 sites implemented
                     Enfield: 202 containers received, 80 sites complete, 46
                     started
2003/04              Islington: 71 containers received, 22 sites completed
                     Waltham Forrest: vehicle received and 71 estates sites
                     complete
            Q4       NA




                                                                                            Haringey
                                                                     Islington


                                                                                 Waltham
                                              Camden




                                                                                 Forrest
                                                          Enfield




BVPI recycling/composting rate 01/02   14.5%            8.7%        5.5%          8.2%     4.6%
BVPI recycling/composting rate 02/03   16.1%           11.7%        5.8%         10.2%     4.4%
BVPI recycling/composting target 03/04 22%              18%         10%           12%      10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Islington
Project Manager: Neil Isaac, Waste and Enforcement Manager
Address: Clock Tower Office, 36 North Road, London, N7 9TU
Telephone: 020 7527 4934              E-Mail:          neil.isaac@islington.gov.uk




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                     57
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

KENSINGTON AND CHELSEA
ESTATES (Ref: 3.22)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £16,000            Total LRF Funding: £16,000
Households in Borough: 83,880          Households in Scheme: 80 sites
Project Aim
To increase recycling levels in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
through provision of bulk recycling bins for estates.
Key Characteristics
     The Council had an established network of “mini-recycling centres” and twice-
      weekly kerbside recycling collections from 77% of households (63,000 in
      number). A system had also been established to make recycling as easy as
      possible for the remaining 23% of households – principally in blocks of flats –
      with communal waste systems (bulk bins). This initiative, the “Blue Bin”
      service, was on offer to all communal bin users.
     Funding was awarded for 80 Blue Bin containers, 20 per quarter. These are
      1100L containers with lid & padlock.
     Recycling wardens were trained to identify potential sites for the containers.
      The assessments carried out identified 411 potential sites of which 172 were
      being used prior to project commencement.
Project Partners
     SITA carried out the collections; Recyclate goes to Grovesner and is handled
      by the contractor Corys.
Success Factors
     Overall, waste was found to be decreasing and recycling was increasing,
      therefore, the recycling rate was also increasing.
Lessons Learnt
     Problems were experienced with the two vehicles suitable for collections, in
      the form of technical problems with the lifting equipment on the new vehicle
      and regular mechanical failures on the older vehicle.
     Staffing problems also meant that collections were not carried out according
      to schedule and it was therefore difficult to monitor usage at the sites.
     A lack of weighing facilities also meant that tonnages from individual sites
      could not be monitored.




                                        58
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 80 blue bins
Detailed Costs
                                                          Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                            Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -         £16,000            -         £16,000
     LRF Revenue                 -            -               -            -
       Total LRF                 -         £16,000            -         £16,000
   Non-LRF funding               -            -               -            -
Waste Authority Funding          -            -               -            -
 Other Public Funding            -            -               -            -
 Private Sector funding          -            -               -            -
Total Non LRF Funding            -            -               -            -
 Total project funding           -         £16,000            -         £16,000
     Cost per additional tonne material recycled by the scheme: £133.33
      (estimated by Borough)
Non-financial resources
     Wardens were trained to identify potential sites.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1           Q2           Q3              Q4              Total
2003/04 30 tonnes       0 tonnes     0 tonnes           NA               NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start         NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end           NA


 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q1     Purchase and siting of 20 Blue Bins
             Q2     - No outputs recorded
2003/04
             Q3     Purchase of 50 Blue Bins, siting of 19
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate /02                                      8.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                  7.9%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         22%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: Royal Borough of Kensington & Chelsea
Project Manager: Mr. Jay Amies, Waste & Recycling Manager
Address: Council Offices, 37 Pembroke Road, London, W8 6PW
Telephone: 020 7341 5199                      E-Mail: jay.amies@rbkc.gov.uk




                                         59
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

KINGSTON UPON THAMES
ESTATES & FLATS RECYCLING SERVICE (Ref: 5.37)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £107,105           Total LRF Funding: £107,105
Households in Borough: 61,150          Households in Scheme: 10,000
Project Aim
To provide complete borough-wide recycling. Kingston have provided a borough-
wide kerbside recycling service since 2001, however, this did not included estates
and flats which constitute approximately 10,000 households. This projects aim was
to make available a household recycling service to the entire borough.
Key Characteristics
     A paper recycling collection service was provided to 95% of the estates and
      flats in the borough.
     Services included recycling collections from homes using green boxes,
      wheelie bins and eurobins depending upon the properties.
     Properties not being directly serviced by the scheme had access to static
      recycling sites not more than 500m away.
     Recycling collections from school sites were also included which is linked to
      recycling education in schools.
Project Partners
     SITA
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     The project fell slightly behind schedule as the supplier of recycling bins was
      overstretched and unable to fulfil orders on time.




                                         60
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: capital expenditure included purchase of
recycling bins and padlocks. Revenue expenditure was used to pay for the
collection service (payments to SITA).
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                      Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -        £27,105           -        £27,105
     LRF Revenue                -        £80,000           -        £80,000
       Total LRF                -        £107,105          -        £107,105
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -           -              -           -
 Other Public Funding           -           -              -           -
 Private Sector funding         -           -              -           -
Total Non LRF Funding           -           -              -           -
 Total project funding          -        £107,105          -        £107,105
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1            Q2           Q3               Q4         Total
2003/04                31.74 tonnes      NA               NA          NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start             NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end               NA


 Year     Quarter                               Output
            Q1      - No Outputs recorded
            Q2      130 paper banks received, 110 paper banks delivered to
2003/04             householders
             Q3     NA
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                             17.8%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                              19%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                     30%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Project Manager: Ken Lawson
Address: Guildhall 2, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 1EU
Telephone: 020 8547 5861              E-Mail: ken.lawson@rbk.kingston.gov.uk




                                        61
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

LEWISHAM
BOROUGH WIDE ESTATE RECYCLING (Ref: 3.13)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:      Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £1,227,185         Total LRF Funding: £1,136,843
Households in Borough: 110,698         Households in Scheme: 37,000
Project Aim
To increase the recycling rate in Lewisham in a cost effective manner through the
expansion of kerbside collection services to near-entry sites serving approximately
40,000 purpose built flats on 76 housing estates in the borough, including small
private blocks and housing association properties.
Key Characteristics
     The existing paper recycling scheme was expanded to include additional
      materials (paper, card, mixed glass, plastic bottles and tins/cans) and to cover
      approximately 40,000 flats. Containers were located at visible near entry
      locations on estates, although doorstep containers were required in some
      situations, e.g. elderly people (as yet this has not been requested).
     Co-mingled materials were separated at a Materials Recycling Facility and
      glass, which was collected separately, was bulked up.
     The scheme was promoted with the aid of funding from Valpak and New Deal
      for Communities.      Consultation and education was achieved through
      questionnaires, door knocking, interviews, community meetings and leaflets.
     Once in place the scheme was monitored and evaluated every quarter.
Project Partners
     London Borough of Southwark (cross boundary estates share resources),
      London Borough of Greenwich (MRF), Valpak (glass reprocessing and
      publicity), Grovesnor Waste Management (materials separation), and
      Aylesford Newsprint (paper reprocessing).
Success Factors
     95% of the returned consultation questionnaires showed that the residents
      were in favour of the scheme and wanted to take part in recycling.
     Meeting with residents associations achieved a positive approach to the
      scheme. Publicity was reported to have improved the participation rate.
Lessons Learnt
     Temporary vehicles were hired due to delays in vehicle and bin delivery.
     The containers for cans were expanded to include plastics, at an additional
      cost, following heavy contamination from plastic bottles.
     Ideally ‘recycling centre’ signs should not be installed for at least 4 weeks, to
      ensure the locations are acceptable operationally, visibly and with the
      community.
     Consult and involve local tenants and residents whenever possible.

                                         62
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

      Problems were reported with vandalism and theft of containers: Suggested
       that lettering which can be peeled off is avoided. Locking mechanisms need
       to be fitted to prevent theft. Placing containers in sight of domestic properties
       deters vandalism.
      If possible, build attractive ‘recycling bays’ to make recycling more attractive,
       including using informative signage.
      Ensure a regular, reliable collection service is maintained.            Residents
       recognise and appreciate a regular pattern of collections.


 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: 2 collection vehicles and crews, up to
 2,523 collection containers, signs and posts, leaflet production, operational staff.
 Detailed Costs
                                                           Subsequent
                            2002/03            2003/04                          Total
                                                             Years
    LRF funding
     LRF Capital             £26,381        £947,706             -           £974,087
    LRF Revenue               £789          £161,967             -           £162,756
      Total LRF              £27,170       £ 1,109,673           -          £1,136,843
  Non-LRF funding
   Waste Authority
                             £16,784           £36,779        £36,779          £90,342
       Funding
 Other Public Funding           -                -               -               -
Private Sector funding          -                -               -               -
Total Non LRF Funding        £16,784         £36,779          £36,779        £90,342
Total project funding        £43,954        £1,145,664        £36,779       £1,227,185
      Cost per tonne material recycled: £ 31.75 (predicted by Borough)
      Cost per household served per week: £ NA


 PROJECT OUTPUTS
               Q1             Q2              Q3                 Q4             Total
2002/03 153.56 tonnes 432.12 tonnes 442 tonnes                    -               -
2003/04 207.4 tonnes      404.7 tonnes 607.2 tonnes              NA              NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start           NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end             54.83 Kg




                                          63
                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004



 Year     Quarter                                 Output
            Q3      Vehicles and containers ordered
2002/03             Consultation 50% complete, leaflets delivered, bin sites
             Q4
                    surveyed, received first half of containers & posts, recruitment
             Q1     Second half of containers & posts received
             Q2     Received 1st collection vehicle
2003/04
             Q3     NA
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                     5.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                     7.3%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                            10%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Lewisham
 Project Manager: Paddy Swift, Recycling and Environment Manager,
 Address: Wearside Service Centre, Wearside Road, London, SE13 7EZ
 Telephone: 020 8314 2017                      E-Mail: Patrick.Swift@lewisham.gov.uk




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                     65
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

MERTON
ESTATES RECYCLING (REF: 7.88)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:      Funding: October 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £589,395           Total LRF Funding: £147,500
Households in Borough: 76,741          Households in Scheme: 3,500
Project Aim
To expand the “Merton Recycle from Home” kerbside recycling scheme to include
up to 3,500 flatted properties within the borough.
Key Characteristics
The project included the following elements:
     Purchase of bins and boxes for recycling collections from flats.
     Provision of a specialised recycling vehicle for use on estates and bring sites.
     The properties included in the project were mainly low rise flatted properties.
     Residents were consulted about the collections.
     The collection scheme was publicised to those affected.
     The project was designed to enable the integration of the kerbside collection,
      the estates and the ‘bring’ collection schemes at an operational level.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                         66
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: bins and boxes, specification and
purchase of recycling collection vehicle, production of promotional literature and the
cost of providing the collection rounds.
Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                         Total
                                                          Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -        £145,000            -          £145,000
     LRF Revenue                 -         £2,500             -           £2,500
       Total LRF                 -        £147,500            -          £147,500
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding          -        £67,445       £74,890 pa       £441,895
 Other Public Funding            -           -               -              -
 Private Sector funding          -           -               -              -
Total Non LRF Funding            -        £67,445       £74,890 pa       £441,895
 Total project funding           -        £214,945      £74,890 pa       £589,395
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £68.08 (predicted by Borough based on
      1,100 tonnes per annum)
     Cost per household served per week: NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year      Quarter                               Output
               Q3     Vehicles and boxes ordered
2003/04
               Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                 16.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                  15%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         18%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Merton
Project Manager: Cormac Stokes, Acting Environmental Development Manager
Address: 63 – 69 Amenity Way, Morden, SM4 4AX
Telephone: 020 8545 3131               E-Mail: cormac.stokes@merton.gov.uk




                                         67
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

REDBRIDGE
FLATS AND ESTATES RECYCLING DEVELOPMENT (Ref: 7.91)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 1 04/05
Total Project Cost: £220,660           Total LRF Funding: £102,760
Households in Borough: 92,400          Households in Scheme: 24,000 (estimated)
Project Aim
To support the borough’s aim to provide recycling collections to every household in
the borough. To do this there was a need to provide recycling from estates and
provide a vehicle for the dedicated collection of recyclables from the existing flats
recycling service.
Key Characteristics
     The project provided paper, glass and cans collection from communal estate
      recycling sites.
     Consultancy services where used to identify locations which were not
      included in kerbside recycling schemes and which could accommodate
      communal recycling facilities.
     The consultancy was also to aid in the early stages of implementation.
     Templates were developed for promotional materials which could be used for
      all promotions over the life of the scheme.
     A vehicle was purchased for the scheme in line with those used for the
      existing flats recycling service. Bins and equipment required to set up the
      estate recycling sites were also identified.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     The Borough reported that it took longer than anticipated to obtain agreement
      to the installation of new sites.




                                         68
                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: collection vehicle for flats recycling
service bins for estates recycling service, consultancy services, and collection
contractor costs.
Detailed Costs
                                                    Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                       Total
                                                      Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital              -         £94,760          -          £94,760
     LRF Revenue               -          £8,000          -           £8,000
       Total LRF               -         £102,760         -          £102,760
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding        -         £26,000       £92,000       £92,000
 Other Public Funding          -            -             -             -
 Private Sector funding        -            -             -             -
Total Non LRF Funding          -         £26,000          -             -
 Total project funding         -         £128,760      £92,000       £220,660
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3     Research and survey work commenced, flats sites identified
2003/04
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                             8.2%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                             10%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                    14%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Redbridge
Project Manager: Matthew Homer, Recycling Officer
Address: Cleansing Services, Ley Street House, 497-499 Ley Street
Telephone: 020 8708 5007              E-Mail: matthew.homer@redbridge.gov.uk




                                       69
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RICHMOND
ESTATES RECYCLING EXPANSION (Ref: 7.92)

Category: Estates                     Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                      Operational: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £95,000           Total LRF Funding: £60,000
Households in Borough: 78,600         Households in Scheme: 25 estates
Project Aim
In 2000, Richmond set up an estates recycling service with funding received from
London Remade. The aim of this LRF funded project was to offer the service to a
greater number of multi-occupancy dwellings.
Key Characteristics
     This project offered an extended estates recycling service to an additional 25
      estates by March 2004.
     The scheme collected and recycled three different materials - paper, cans and
      glass - from locations agreed with local residents associations and managing
      agents.
     The borough aimed to offer the service to other London Boroughs and other
      local authorities close to West London in the short-medium term.
     The borough planned to dramatically increase the service in 2004/5 with
      additional revenue funding from the Government.
Project Partners
     Cheshire Recycling Ltd oversaw the purchase of the vehicle and operation of
      the collection scheme.
Success Factors
     The scheme was rolled out ahead of schedule and the tonnage collected for
      recycling was higher than anticipated.
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date.




                                        70
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: recycling containers, collection vehicle,
cost of collection services and staff time.
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                         Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -        £55,000             -          £55,000
     LRF Revenue                -         £5,000             -           £5,000
       Total LRF                -        £60,000             -          £60,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -        £15,000       £15,000          £15,000
 Other Public Funding           -        £15,000       £150,000         £15,000
 Private Sector funding         -        £15,000       £10,000          £15,000
Total Non LRF Funding           -        £35,000       £175,000         £35,000
 Total project funding          -        £95,000       £175,000         £95,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £246 (predicted by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1          Q2           Q3               Q4              Total
2003/04                            1.3 tonnes
                                                        NA               NA
                                   per round
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start                NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end                  NA


 Year     Quarter                               Output
            Q3      125 containers purchased, 18 sites signed up and installed,
2003/04             1,000 promotional leaflets printed
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                              17.3%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                              20.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Project Manager: Esther Lewis
Address: Recycling Office, Central Depot, Langhorn Drive, Twickenham, TW2 7SG
Telephone: 020 8891 7048              E-Mail: e.lewis@richmond.gov.uk




                                        71
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

SOUTHWARK
ESTATES AND STREET RECYCLING (Ref: 5.40)

Category: Estates                      Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £1,699,099         Total LRF Funding: £430,279
Households in Borough: 115,083         Households in Scheme: 64,000
Project Aim
To introduce a series of mini recycling centres on housing estates across
Southwark to collect paper, glass and cans and to upgrade the existing bring
facilities across the borough.
Key Characteristics
     The project involved the introduction of high-density mini recycling centres for
      64,000 estate-based properties. The project aimed to achieve a ratio of
      around 1 site per 350 properties collecting three material streams establishing
      549 recycling banks for paper, glass and cans over 183 sites.
     The scheme was designed to be implemented using a six-stage process.
     For each site potential locations were identified and then a consultation pack
      developed containing descriptions, maps and photographs to ensure that at
      the consultation stage there was sufficient information.             Resident
      representatives were consulted on the proposed location. This was altered if
      concerns were raised.
     Each site was monitored daily under the borough’s cleansing contract. Each
      site was cleaned, litter bins emptied, containers checked for contaminants
      and any found removed, full containers reported if they needed emptying
      ahead of schedule and any vandalism reported.
     The project also upgraded 50 of Southwark’s existing bring sites, across the
      borough, to include the collection of paper, glass, cardboard and cans, as well
      as other materials (such as textiles) at selected strategic locations which have
      been identified as high performing sites. Replacement containers were
      carefully planned to avoid interruptions in service.
Project Partners
     London Borough of Lewisham, Southwark Community Recycling (manage
      bring recycling), Housing Department.
Success Factors
     Concerns raised during consultation led to the implementation of daily checks
      on all sites and this has resulted in a low complaint level.
Lessons Learnt
     Consultation with resident groups and landlords initially took longer than
      anticipated. Stricter control by the Housing Department, in terms of specifying
      response times and reporting channels, brought this process back on track.
     Sites causing particular problems were rescheduled to the end of the project
      to avoid delaying other sites.
                                         72
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: vehicles, containers and site engineering.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                             2002/03      2003/04                       Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -         355,146             -        355,146
     LRF Revenue                -          75,133             -         75,133
       Total LRF                -         430,279             -        430,279
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -         767,081          411,739    1,178,820
 Other Public Funding           -          45,000           45,000     90,000
 Private Sector funding         -             -                -          -
Total Non LRF Funding           -         812,081          456,739    1,268,820
 Total project funding          -        1,242,350         456,739    1,699,099
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £783.82 (predicted by Borough reducing
      over time)
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                                 Output
2002/03      Q4     No outputs recorded
             Q1     No outputs recorded
             Q2     55 estates sites, 5 street sites
2003/04
             Q3     66 estates sites, 24 street sites
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               3.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               4.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Southwark
Project Manager: Phil Davies, Head of Waste Management & Transport Division
Address: Manor Place Depot, 30-34 Penrose St, London, SE17 3DW
Telephone: 0207 525 2387               E-Mail: phil.davies@southwark.gov.uk




                                        73
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

TOWER HAMLETS
COMMUNITY RECYCLING (Ref: 3.19)

Category: Estates                     Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                      Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total Project Cost: £2,025,499        Total LRF Funding: £1,095,189
Households in Borough: 84,233         Households in Scheme: 32,000
Project Aim
To provide a framework for delivering quality, cost-effective and informative
recycling services to at least 32,000 homes located in high-rise buildings in Tower
Hamlets, thereby reaching some 45% of the high-rise housing stock.
Key Characteristics
     The project entered into a five year contract with a Community Sector
      Consortium made up of several organisations each having different skills to
      provide recycling collections from homes in high-rise buildings.
     The Consortium provided weekly door-to-door collections of recyclables from
      homes with boxes placed by residents at their door. The materials were then
      transferred by the collection crew to mini-bulking facilities located near the
      buildings.
     The scheme was evaluated every quarter and feedback on the success of the
      project received. The boxes provided to householders contained micro-chips
      and barcodes to enable continuous monitoring of participation and recycling
      rates. This information was used by the consortium to give prizes to
      households with the best performance.
     The project uses specially designed vehicles which can be used in the lifts of
      the high-rise buildings enabling materials to be sorted at the door-step. A
      recycling winch was used for removing bulk bags from buildings without lifts.
     The project also plans to use a network of ‘Friends’ or local householders to
      champion recycling within individual estates and high rise buildings.
     A dedicated website was set up to provide householders with information
      about the scheme. The project planned to use this site to provide
      householders with feedback on how much material they were recycling.
     A promotion and publicity campaign on waste minimisation, re-use and
      recycling was also put in place.
Project Partners
     Tower Hamlets Community Recycling Consortium
Success Factors
     Initial participation rates were higher than expected, although the amount of
      material presented per household was lower than anticipated.
Lessons Learnt
     Awarding the recycling contract took longer than anticipated and delays were
      also experienced with the delivery of boxes by the supplier. The need to train
      the collection operatives and call centre operators also delayed the project
      start.
                                         74
                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: bulk containers, green boxes, vehicles,
protective clothing, collection operatives.
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital            £651,470      £242,864          -           £894,334
     LRF Revenue                           £200,855          -           £200,855
       Total LRF             £651,470      £443,719          -          £1,095,189
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding       £30,000      £620,310          -           £650,310
 Other Public Funding            -         £280,000          -           £280,000
 Private Sector funding          -            -              -              -
Total Non LRF Funding         £30,000      £900,310          -           £930,310
  Total project funding      £681,470     £1,344,029         -          £2,025,499
      Cost per tonne material recycled: £124.36 (predicted by Borough)
      Cost per household served per week: £9.40 (predicted by Borough)
Non-financial resources
      A network of ‘Friends’ used to promote the scheme.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1         Q2            Q3               Q4           Total
2003/04        -     5.22 tonnes    163 tonnes          NA             NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start  NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end    NA
Participation    Achievement is around 60% on average with a range of 40 – 80%

 Year      Quarter                               Output
                    Contractor pre-qualification & invitation to tender, equipment
2002/03      Q4
                    purchase
             Q1     Complete tender process and award contract
             Q2     Collection service offered to 4,000 homes
2003/04
             Q3     Collection service offered to 10,000 homes
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                    2.8%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                    3.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                            10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Tower Hamlets
Project Manager: Mike Colyer, Team Leader Waste Management
Address: Council Offices, Southern Grove, London, E3 4PN
Telephone: 020 7364 6689                E-Mail:Mike.colyer@towerhamlets.gov.uk
                                        Website: http://www.thcrc.co.uk/index.html


                                         75
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

WESTMINSTER
STREETS AND ESTATES (Ref: 4.35)

Category: Estates                       Project Date:      Funding: December 2002
                                                        Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £518,240            Total LRF Funding: £145,340
Households in Borough: 113,044          Households in Scheme: NA
Project Aim
To develop a “family” of high quality recycling containers that can be sited at
transport interchanges/tourist attractions and at on-street and visible off-street sites
where traditional ‘industrial style’ recycling containers would be aesthetically
unacceptable or too large for the available space.
Key Characteristics
     A new contract was let for the installation of 300 paper recycling bins for use
      by commuters across the City. The paper recycling containers were located
      outside tube stations, bus-stops, coffee shops, newsagents and other sites
      where litter bins are regularly filled with newspapers/leaflets.
     In conjunction with paper recycling bins, 260 lockable street sweepers bins
      were purchased for storing paper collected by street sweepers (including
      unsold newspaper bundles).
     The project also included the purchase of 35,000 biodegradable and
      compostable bags for the collection of street leaves for composting.
     Wheeled bins of various sizes were also purchased for providing ‘mini
      recycling centres’ in estates and outside mansion blocks.
Project Partners
     City West Homes, Arms Length Management Organisation responsible for
      managing the City Council’s housing stock, allocated staff for the identification
      and development of recycling sites on housing estates and to lead
      consultation with residents/tenants.
     Managing agents responsible for large numbers of Westminster mansion
      block sites (i.e. Peabody Trust, Grosvenor Estates, Land Securities, Portman
      Estates, Howard De Walden Estates)
Success Factors
     Using the 35,000 biodegradable and compostable bags the City Council
      collected 85 tonnes of street leaves for composting during October and
      November 2003.
     Potential security issues regarding the installation of paper bins outside tube
      stations was resolved following liaison with the British Transport Police (BTP).
Lessons Learnt
     The project was delayed due to a freeze in Council capital funding in 2003/04.
      The City Council received permission in December 2003 from the LRF to
      spend the remaining £82,840 without capital match funding enabling the
      remaining bins to be purchased.
                                          76
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 300 paper recycling bins, 35,000
biodegradable composting bags, lockable sweeper sack bins.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -       £145,340            -         £145,340
     LRF Revenue                 -          -                -            -
       Total LRF                 -       £145,340            -         £145,340
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding     £50,000      £322,900            -        £372,900
 Other Public Funding          -             -               -            -
 Private Sector funding        -             -               -            -
Total Non LRF Funding          -         £322,900            -        £372,900
 Total project funding      £50,000      £468,240            -        £518,240
     Linpac sweepers sack bin: £132/unit
         o Cost of capital equipment per tonne of material collected: £8.25
            (Borough estimate assuming four year lifespan)
     Linpac 140 litre Envirobin – paper recycling: £338/bin
         o Cost of capital equipment per tonne of material collected: £10.8
            (Borough estimate assuming six year lifespan)
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1         Q2           Q3                Q4             Total
2003/04         -          -      157 tonnes            NA              NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start        NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end          NA

 Year     Quarter                               Output
            Q1      300 paper recycling bins ordered.
            Q2      300 paper recycling units received, 35,000 sacks for leaves
                    ordered
2003/04      Q3     85 tonnes of street leaves collected for composting, 72 tonnes
                    of co-mingled waste collected from estates.
             Q4     121 Eurobins received, 300 360 litre bins received, 260
                    Sweeper sack bins received.
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                          8.7%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                          11.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                 12%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: City of Westminster
Project Manager: Phil Robson, Recycling Manager
Address: Environmental Services, City Hall, 64 Victoria Street, London, SW1E 6QP
Telephone: 020 7641 7956              E-Mail: probson@westminster.gov.uk

                                        77
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

6.   INFRASTRUCTURE


 Table 8 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category “Infrastructure”

                                                                      Project




                                                                            KINGSTON UPON




                                                                                                     WEST LONDON
                                                      GREENWICH

                                                                  HACKNEY


                                                                               THAMES

                                                                                            SUTTON
                                             BEXLEY
      Scale    London wide
               Multiple Boroughs             ♦        ♦           ♦                         ♦
               Borough                                                           ♦
     Methods   MRF                           ♦
               Transfer Station                       ♦
               Composting Facility                                ♦                         ♦
               Plastic Baler                                                     ♦
               Green waste collection                 ♦                                     ♦
     Output    Qualitative                            ♦           ♦              ♦          ♦         ♦
               Quantitative
               Measured impact on
               recycling
     Funding   <£200,000                                                                    ♦
               £200,000 - £500,000                                                                    ♦
                >£500,000                               ♦          ♦              ♦




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                     79
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

BEXLEY
SEPARATE COLLECTION AND TREATMENT OF HOUSEHOLD AND
COMMERCIAL BIO-WASTE (Ref: 6.63)

Category: Infrastructure               Project Date:       Funding: February 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 1 04/05
Total Project Cost: £8,670,000         Total LRF Funding: £300,000
Households in Borough: 92,374          Households in Scheme: 84,500 min
Project Aim
To develop a regional Bio-Waste composting facility as part of a larger project for
the separate collection and treatment of Bio-waste to produce compost.
Key Characteristics
     A regional bio-waste composting facility for East & South East London, with a
      capacity of up to 30,000 tonnes - operational in April 2004 with a view to
      extending capacity to 50,000 tpa.
     The compost facility meets the standards in the Animal by-products
      Regulations and demonstrates innovative best practice by the use tunnel
      static pile composting system with bio filtration.
     The facility is at Cleanaway’s Rainham Landfill Site. The project is able to
      offer a composting facility at this location for a minimum period of thirteen
      years.
     The total project involved separate collection of organic waste from a
      minimum of 84,500 households in Bexley developing on from a pilot scheme
      that has been in operation since June 2001.
     Bio-waste includes kitchen waste (meat, fish, vegetable & fruit) garden waste,
      and soiled cardboard & paper.
     Each household is issued with a brown-wheeled bin for their kitchen waste
      only (collected weekly), a kitchen bucket and an information pack.
Project Partners
     Project Partner (Composting): Cleanaway Ltd
     Project Partner (Collection): Subject to the outcome tendering process
     Project supporters: London Boroughs of Greenwich, Havering, Redbridge,
      Tower Hamlets and Lewisham and the Western Riverside Waste Authority.
Success Factors
     The project is well supported both through the projects partners and also
      significant support is offered by the co-ordination of the project with other
      similar projects in neighbouring boroughs.
     A trial was undertaken before the project started.
Lessons Learnt
     Planning and licensing are time consuming and delayed plant installation and
      commissioning.


                                         80
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: construction costs, vehicles, equipment.
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                          Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -        £300,000            -        £300,000
     LRF Revenue                -           -                -           -
       Total LRF                -        £300,000            -        £300,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -        £320,000     £4,850,000     £5,170,000
 Other Public Funding           -            -             -              -
 Private Sector funding         -       £3,200,000         -         £3,200,000
Total Non LRF Funding           -       £3,520,000    £4,850,000     £8,370,000
 Total project funding          -       £3,820,000    £4,850,000     £8,670,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £55 (predicted by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
Non-financial resources
     Provision of brown wheeled bins and kitchen bins to householders.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1             Q2          Q3             Q4                Total
2003/04                280.78 tonnes
                -                        NA             NA                 NA
                           (trial)
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start                  NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end                    NA


 Year     Quarter                               Output
2002/03      Q4     No outputs recorded
             Q1     No outputs recorded
             Q2     Licensing and planning applications
2003/04
             Q3     NA
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                              20.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               22%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      33%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Bexley
Project Manager: Stephen Didsbury, Waste and Recycling Manager
Address: Highways & Amenities Department, Crayford Town Hall, 112 Crayford
         Road, Crayford, Dartford, Kent, DA1 4ER
Telephone: 020 8303 7777 ext 3600 E-Mail: steve.didsbury@bexley.gov.uk



                                       81
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

GREENWICH
SOUTH EAST LONDON REGIONAL RECYCLING CENTRE (Ref: 2.5)

Category: Infrastructure                 Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                         Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £4,765,000           Total LRF Funding: £1,500,000
Households in Borough: 318,155           Households in Scheme: NA
Project Aim
To construct a Materials Recycling Facility located in the South East of London for
use of nearby boroughs.
Key Characteristics
     The project aimed to bring together both low and high performing authorities
      to mutually benefit from a new facility.
     Cleanaway provided direct input in relation to the Materials Recycling Facility
      building design and played the lead role in defining and installing the
      necessary and agreed Materials Recycling Facility technologies.
     Promotion and advertising of the service were included in the project.
Project Partners
     Cleanaway Ltd (partner and investment)
     Tilfen Ltd (Land owner, construction of Materials Recycling Facility)
     Bexley Council (Use of facility)
     Southwark Council (Use of facility)
     Lewisham Council (Use of facility)
     Respond (Thamesmead) Ltd (Extract and re-use recyclable items)
Success Factors
     The use of a Materials Recycling Facility was anticipated to be cost effective
      because fewer vehicles were required than for segregated collection service.
     Investment in automatic sorting equipment allows higher volumes of material
      to be handled, improves the reliability and extends the life of the plant.
     Closer working links with other Local Authorities and London Remade should
      develop from the project.
Lessons Learnt
     Time delays were caused by contract negotiations associated with the land
      lease and agreements between partners.




                                            82
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: civil engineering, buildings, sorting
 equipment, 4 vehicles and crews, dedicated media officer to promote and increase
 awareness.
 Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                         Years
      LRF funding
       LRF Capital           £665,000      £835,000          -          £1,500,000
      LRF Revenue               -              -             -               -
        Total LRF            £665,000      £835,000          -          £1,500,000
    Non-LRF funding             -             -              -              -
 Waste Authority Funding        -             -              -              -
  Other Public Funding          -             -              -              -
  Private Sector funding     £330,000     £2,935,000         -          £3,265,000
 Total Non LRF Funding       £330,000     £2,935,000         -          £3,265,000
  Total project funding      £995,000     £3,770,000         -          £4,765,000
      Cost per tonne material recycled: £ 35 (gate fee) (predicted by Borough)
 PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
2002/03     Q4      Final Council Committee and Cleanaway approval
            Q1      No outputs recorded
            Q2      Sign land lease and partnership agreement, design & tender
2003/04             construction works
             Q3     NA
             Q4     NA
                                              Bexley     Southwark Lewisham
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02       20.5%        3.6%          5.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03        22%         4.6%          7.3%
BVPI recycling & composting target 2003/04      33%         10%            10%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Greenwich
 Project Manager: Peter Dalley, Operations Manager
 Address: Direct, Services Division, Public Services, Birchmere depot, Birchmere
          Business Site, Eastern Way, Thamesmead, London SE28 8BF
 Telephone: 020 8921 4641               E-Mail: peter.dalley@greenwich.gov.uk




                                         83
                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HACKNEY
MILLFIELDS WASTE FACILITIES FEASIBILITY STUDY (Ref: 7.76)

Category: Infrastructure                 Project Date:       Funding: October 2003
                                                         Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £25,000             Total LRF Funding: £20,000
Households in Borough: 720,962          Households in Scheme: NA
Project Aim
To investigate the feasibility of potential options for a waste facility at a 4.2 acre site
at Millfields Road in Hackney which had been purchased by the borough.
Key Characteristics
The study confirmed the extent to which each potential waste facility or combination
of facilities could be accommodated on the site. The possible options included:
     a civic amenity site with extensive recycling facilities, additional bulking and
      transfer facilities for Hackney’s municipal waste;
     a materials recycling facility or a waste treatment facility based on new and
      emerging technologies for sustainable waste management.
Project Partners
     North London Waste Authority
     London Borough of Barnet
     London Borough of Camden
     London Borough of Enfield
     London Borough of Haringey
     London Borough of Islington
     London Borough of Waltham Forest
Success Factors
     None reported to date.
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date.




                                            84
                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: consultant to undertake the feasibility
study.
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                       Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -           -              -             -
     LRF Revenue                -        £20,000           -          £20,000
       Total LRF                -        £20,000           -          £20,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -         £5,000           -          £5,000
 Other Public Funding           -            -             -             -
 Private Sector funding         -            -             -             -
Total Non LRF Funding           -         £5,000           -          £5,000
 Total project funding          -        £25,000           -          £25,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
   Year       Quarter                             Output
                 Q3    Feasibility Study Brief Confirmed
 2003/04
                 Q4    Completion of Feasibility Study
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                            1.2%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                            2.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                   10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Hackney
Project Manager: Mark Griffin
Address: Waste Services, Dorothy Hodgkin House, Reading Lane, London E8 1HJ
Telephone: 020 8356 3680              E-Mail: mark.griffin@hackney.gov.uk




                                       85
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

KINGSTON UPON THAMES
PLASTICS BALER (Ref: 6.59)

Category: Infrastructure                Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                        Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £49,895             Total LRF Funding: £49,895
Households in Borough: 61,150           Households in Scheme: NA
Project Aim
To purchase a plastics baler for on site baling of plastic bottles collected via the
borough’s kerbside collection scheme.
Key Characteristics
     The potential markets for plastics baled by the scheme were examined.
     Research was carried out into the plastics balers available.
     A suitable baler was purchased.
Project Partners
     SITA
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                         86
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: plastic baler
Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                      Total
                                                          Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -        £49,895            -        £49,895
     LRF Revenue                -           -               -           -
       Total LRF                -        £49,895            -        £49,895
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -           -               -           -
 Other Public Funding           -           -               -           -
 Private Sector funding         -           -               -           -
Total Non LRF Funding           -           -               -           -
 Total project funding          -        £49,895            -        £49,895
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q2     No outputs recorded
2003/04      Q3     No outputs recorded
             Q4     Purchase baler
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                             17.8%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                              19%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                     30%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Project Manager: Ken Lawson
Address:    Waste Management, Guildhall 2, Kingston upon Thames
            Surrey, KT1 1EU
Telephone: 020 8547 5861              E-Mail: ken.lawson@rbk.kingston.gov.uk




                                       87
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

SUTTON
GREEN WASTE COMPOSTING FACILITY (Ref: 4.33)

Category: Infrastructure               Project Date:     Funding: December 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £4,119,653         Total LRF Funding: £2,000,000
Households in Borough: 547,815         Households in Scheme: NA
Project Aim
To build a composting facility which will be capable of processing up to 30,000
tonnes of green garden waste from London boroughs.
Key Characteristics
     Construction of a composting facility on Thames Waste Management land at
      Beddington Lane which is easily accessible for neighbouring boroughs.
     The composting plant uses a fully enclosed static pile composting system with
      bio filtration, capable of processing up to 30,000 tonnes of green garden
      waste per annum.
     Additional funding was provided by Thames Waste Management for design
      and building works.
     The project planned to distribute the product to local authorities or civic
      amenity sites or to bag and sell the product to customers and landscape
      contractors.
     The composting facility was planned to be operational for minimum of 12
      years.
Project Partners
     Thames Waste Management (Provide land)
     London Boroughs of Merton and Croydon ,
Success Factors
     The location of the site led to a reduction in the overall distance travelled by
      green waste collected by the authorities and a reduction in the waste that was
      exported from London
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                         88
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: civil engineering, plant and buildings
including unshredded feedstock area, shredder, enclosed composting tunnels, bio-
filtration plant, maturation area and screener and screened product storage area.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding                -           -             -               -
      LRF Capital               -        £660,000         -            £660,000
    LRF Revenue                 -       £1,340,000        -           £1,340,000
       Total LRF                -       £2,000,000        -           £2,000,000
  Non-LRF funding               -           -             -               -
Waste Authority Funding         -           -             -               -
 Other Public Funding           -           -             -               -
Private Sector funding:
    Thames Waste                -       £1,662,638     £457,015       £2,119,653
     Management
Total Non LRF Funding           -       £1,662,638     £457,015       £2,119,653
 Total project funding          -       £3,662,638     £457,015       £4,119,653
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £20 (gate fee predicted by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £ NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
            Q2      Contract agreed, planning permission finalised, waste
                    management licence obtained
2003/04
             Q3     Plant construction commenced
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                       NA
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Sutton
Project Manager: Peter O’Connell, Executive Head Waste Management and
                Transport
Address: Environment and Leisure, 24 Denmark Road, Carshalton, Surrey,
         SM5 2JD
Telephone: 020 8770 6400              E-Mail: Peter.O’connell@sutton.gov.uk




                                        89
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

WEST LONDON WASTE AUTHORITY
ORGANICS WASTE (Ref: 2.9)

Category: Infrastructure               Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £1,714,601         Total LRF Funding: £1,027,253
Households in Borough: 285,287         Households in Scheme: 242,000
Project Aim
To introduce or enhance the existing collection of household green garden waste
throughout the London Boroughs of Ealing, Hounslow and Richmond upon Thames,
by providing a regional facility for the storage, bulking up and transfer of organic
waste for reprocessing.
Key Characteristics
     An existing waste transfer station was developed to provide a regional waste
      transfer facility for green waste collected by West London Waste Authority
      Boroughs and civic amenity sites for transport by rail to a composting facility.
     Richmond upon Thames introduced a ‘by appointment’, year round kerbside
      recycling service for green garden waste. Users purchase collection sacks for
      £1 each. The scheme covered 78,000 households in the borough.
     Hounslow re-launched their seasonal weekly garden waste collection as a
      ‘Garden Waste Club’, offering residents the chance to receive a reusable
      garden waste sack, a seasonal newsletter, workshops and advice. This
      scheme covered the entire borough (72,000 households with gardens).
     Ealing introduced a weekly kerbside recycling service for green garden waste
      over an 8 month collection season. Users purchase collection sacks for £0.50
      each. This scheme covered 92,000 households in the borough.
Project Partners
     Waste Recycling Group plc (providing composting facility), London Boroughs
      of Ealing, Hounslow, Richmond upon Thames
Success Factors
     The colour of the bags used for the green waste collections was standardised
      across the boroughs following complications arising from different coloured
      bags being used by the boroughs for other purposes.
     The project made effective use of rail transport minimising road usage.
     The project could be expanded to other boroughs but transport issues would
      need to be assessed.
Lessons Learnt
     The size of the facility and the fact that the Environment Agency considers
      shredding as treatment may mean that a Pollution Prevention and Control
      Permit is required for the site.
     High levels of complaints caused by changes in collection schemes, can be
      relieved by responding to complaints quickly and effectively communicating
      the reasons and impacts of the changes to those affected.
                                         90
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: site equipment (containers, shredder),
 drainage, site works, staff, collection sacks, collection vehicles, operatives and
 vehicle drivers, publicity (leaflets, education workshops).
 Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                              2002/03      2003/04                       Total
                                                          Years
      LRF funding
       LRF Capital            £475,000    £350,000           -          £825,000
      LRF Revenue              £56,676    £145,577           -          £202,253
        Total LRF             £531,676    £495,577           -         £1,027,253
    Non-LRF funding
 Waste Authority Funding       £22,500    £435,792       £229,056       £687,348
  Other Public Funding            -          -              -              -
  Private Sector funding          -          -              -              -
 Total Non LRF Funding         £22,500    £435,792       £229,056       £687,348
  Total project funding       £554,176    £931,369       £229,056      £1,714,601
       Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
       Cost per household served per week: £NA


 PROJECT OUTPUTS
                    Q1             Q2              Q3            Q4        Total
 2003/04
 Transfer
                    NA             NA              NA            NA          NA
  Station
  Ealing           NA             NA               NA            NA          NA
Hounslow           NA             NA            400 tonnes       NA          NA
Richmond       16.02 tonnes   26.58 tonnes      153 tonnes       NA          NA


 Year     Quarter    Output
                     West London Waste Authority: complete tenders for drainage &
2002/03      Q4
                     site works at Transport Avenue.
             Q1      West London Waste Authority: shredder and dump truck
                     received and in operation.
                     Ealing: distribute literature and calendars to 92,000 homes
                     Hounslow: launched service, leafleting campaign, newsletter,
                     workshop.
             Q2      West London Waste Authority: green waste bay completed,
                     associated site works almost complete.
2003/04
                     Ealing: take delivery of vehicle fleet.
                     Hounslow: service/ participation monitored, workshop,
                     information campaign.
             Q3      Ealing: 10,000 bags ordered and leaflets ordered.
                     Hounslow: participation monitored, workshop, information
                     campaign.
             Q4      Ealing: prepare season end publicity and planned winter service.

                                         91
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004




                                                   Ealing    Hounslow    Richmond
BVPI recycling/composting rate 2001/02             10.5%      12.5%        17.3%
BVPI recycling/composting rate 2002/03             10.7%       15.1%        20.5%
BVPI recycling/composting rate 2003/04 (target)     20%         28%          28%


 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: West London Waste Authority
 Project Manager: Mike Nicholls, General Manager
 Address: Mogden Works, Mogden Lane, Isleworth, Middlesex, TW77LP
 Telephone: 0208 8847 5555          E-Mail: mikenicholls@westlondonwaste.gov.uk




                                         92
LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

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                     93
                        LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004



7.        KERBSIDE

  Table 9 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category “Kerbside”

                                                                                          Project




                                                  CROYDON GREEN




                                                                                            HAMMERSITH &
                                                                  EAST LONDON




                                                                                                                               HILLINGDON

                                                                                                                                            HOUNSLOW

                                                                                                                                                       KINGSTON
                                                                                                           HARINGEY
                                       KERBSIDE
                                       CROYDON




                                                                                                                      HARROW
                                                                                ENFIELD


                                                                                              FULHAM
                               BRENT




          London wide                                 DOOR
Scale




          Multiple Boroughs                                        ♦
          Borough              ♦        ♦                                       ♦             ♦            ♦          ♦           ♦          ♦          ♦
          Kerbside Sort                                                                                    ♦
          Single Stream                                                                                                                                 ♦
          Co-mingled           ♦                                    ♦            ♦             ♦
          collection
          Green waste                                                           ♦             ♦                       ♦           ♦
          collection
          Sack                                                     ♦                          ♦                                   ♦                     ♦
          Box                           ♦                                                                  ♦
Methods




          Bin                                                                   ♦                                     ♦
          Weekly collection                                        ♦                          ♦
          Fortnightly          ♦        ♦                                                                             ♦           ♦
          collection
          Promotion            ♦                                   ♦                          ♦                                                         ♦
          Recycling Officers   ♦                     ♦             ♦                                       ♦          ♦                      ♦
          Composition          ♦
          Analysis
          Materials                                                ♦                          ♦
          Recycling Facility
          New scheme                    ♦                          ♦            ♦             ♦                       ♦           ♦
Status




          Expansion            ♦                                                                           ♦                                            ♦
          Improvement                                                                                      ♦                                 ♦
          Qualitative          ♦                                   ♦            ♦             ♦            ♦          ♦           ♦          ♦          ♦
Output




          Quantitative         ♦                                   ♦                          ♦            ♦          ♦           ♦          ♦          ♦
          Measured impact      ♦                                   ♦            ♦             ♦            ♦          ♦           ♦          ♦          ♦
          on recycling
          <£200,000                     ♦                                       ♦                                                           ♦          ♦
Funding




          £200,000 -                                                                                       ♦                      ♦
          £500,000
           >£500,000           ♦                                     ♦                         ♦                      ♦



                                                         94
                        LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004



 Table 9 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category “Kerbside” continued

                                                                  Project




                                                                                RICHMOND UPON
                                                   NORTH LONDON




                                                                                                            WANDSWORTH
                                                                                                SOUTHWARK
                                                                    REDBRIDGE
                                LAMBETH

                                          MERTON




                                                                                    THAMES
          London wide
Scale




          Multiple Boroughs                        ♦
          Borough               ♦         ♦                         ♦              ♦            ♦           ♦
          Kerbside Sort                   ♦                                                     ♦
          Co-mingled            ♦                                   ♦               ♦                        ♦
          collection
          Green waste                              ♦
          collection
          Sack                  ♦                                                               ♦           ♦
          Box                             ♦                         ♦                           ♦
Methods




          Bin                   ♦                  ♦
          Weekly collection     ♦         ♦                                                     ♦
          Fortnightly                                               ♦              ♦
          collection
          Promotion                       ♦                                        ♦            ♦           ♦
          Recycling Officers
          Composition
          Analysis
          Materials Recycling                                       ♦              ♦                        ♦
          Facility
          New scheme                               ♦
Status




          Expansion                       ♦                         ♦
          Improvement           ♦         ♦                         ♦              ♦            ♦           ♦
          Qualitative                     ♦                         ♦              ♦                        ♦
Output




          Quantitative          ♦         ♦        ♦                ♦              ♦                        ♦
          Measured impact                 ♦        ♦                ♦              ♦                        ♦
          on recycling
          <£200,000                                                 ♦
Funding




          £200,000 -            ♦                                                               ♦
          £500,000
           >£500,000                      ♦        ♦                               ♦                        ♦




                                                       95
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

BRENT
COLLECTION OF COMPOSTABLE GARDEN WASTE (Ref: 5.41)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:      Funding: February 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £1,749,000         Total LRF Funding: £490,000
Households in Borough: 100,000         Households in Scheme: 100,000
Project Aim
To provide collection of compostable garden waste from all householders in Brent
through a regular wheeled bin collection or an ad-hoc sack collection.
Key Characteristics
     The principal scheme comprised of a wheeled bin collection from 15,000
      households. Each household was issued with a brown, 240 litre, wheeled bin
      and an information pack. The bin was collected once a fortnight.
     In addition a ‘by appointment’ degradable sack collection from 85,000
      households was provided. The degradable sacks were provided, free of
      charge, on request. Collections were made on a weekly rotation and
      arranged on a geographical basis.
     The compostable waste from the wheeled bin collection was collected by a
      refuse collection vehicle (RCV) and the waste from the sack collection was
      collected by three ‘caged-type’ vehicles and delivered to a composting facility
      provided by West London Waste Authority.
     A publicity campaign using the local press and distribution of information
      leaflets to residents was used to improve participation in the scheme.
Project Partners
     West London Waste Authority (new organic waste transfer/processing
      arrangements for the West London Boroughs)
     The private sector (construction and operation of new facilities and collection)
Success Factors
     The scheme offered flexibility with the possibility that cardboard and animal
      by-products could be collected at a later date.
     Good partnership working was achieved between Brent, West London Waste
      Authority and the other boroughs involved in the composting collection. An
      officer Recycling Group, made up of the constituent authorities and West
      London Waste Authority, met monthly to develop joint working on publicity
      and projects such as the separate collection of organic waste.
     A recent waste analysis in West London Waste Authority showed that 288 kgs
      per household per year could be collected in Brent for composting, equating
      to 28,800 tonnes a year from all 100,000 properties.
Lessons Learnt
     There was a slight delay in the appointment of a service provider due to a
      delay in the return of quotes.

                                         96
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: The first year of operation, wheeled bins
and collection vehicles.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                             2002/03      2003/04                         Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -         £414,000          -          £414,000
     LRF Revenue                -         £76,000           -          £76,000
       Total LRF                -         £490,000          -          £490,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -         £144,000     £1,115,000     £1,259,000
 Other Public Funding           -            -              -              -
 Private Sector funding         -            -              -              -
Total Non LRF Funding           -         £144,000     £1,115,000     £1,259,000
 Total project funding          -         £634,000     £1,115,000     £1,749,000
     Capital cost per tonne recycled: £23.80 (over 5 years predicted by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £0.09 (predicted by Borough based on
      100,00 properties, LRF funding in 1st year)
Non-financial resources
     Brent’s Waste Management Team: four permanent & 1 temporary officer
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q1     Procurement for collection service started
             Q2     Vehicles and bags ordered
2003/04
             Q3     NA
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               6.2%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                               6.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Brent
Project Manager: Chris Whyte, Waste Management and Recycling Manager
Address: StreetCare, Brent Council, 1st Floor (West), Brent House, 349-357 High
         Road, Wembley, Middlesex, HA9 6BZ
Telephone: 020 8937 5342               E-Mail: chris.whyte@brent.gov.uk




                                        97
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

CROYDON
PROCUREMENT OF KERBSIDE RECYCLING BOXES (Ref:7.66)

Category: Kerbside                   Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                     Operational: Quarter 1 04/05
Total Project Cost: £1,677,800       Total LRF Funding: £140,000
Households in Borough: 137,980       Households in Scheme: 42,000
Project Aim
To increase Croydon’s recycling and landfill diversion performance by increasing
the number of properties to which a kerbside recycling service is offered.
Key Characteristics
     Purchase of 50,000 kerbside boxes and lids.
     Provision of boxes to 42,000 of the 137,980 households for the collection of
      newspapers, magazines, mixed glass, food and drink cans, textiles and
      shoes.
     Excess recycling materials were collected if they were put out in old carrier
      bags or boxes close to the recycling box.
     The collections were undertaken fortnightly by Cleanaway.
Project Partners
     Cleanaway Ltd - Waste collection contactors who operate the kerbside
      collection service
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                       98
                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 50,000 kerbisde boxes and lids. (Private
sector funding provided stickers for boxes and Waste Authority Funding provided
the revenue for the provision of the service and promotion).
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                       Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -      £140,000          -          £140,000
     LRF Revenue                 -         -              -
       Total LRF                 -      £140,000          -          £140,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding          -          -        £1,528,800     £1,528,800
 Other Public Funding            -       £1,000        £5,000         £6,000
 Private Sector funding          -       £3,000           -           £3,000
Total Non LRF Funding            -       £4,000      £1,533,800     £1,537,800
 Total project funding           -      £144,000     £1,533,800     £1,677,800
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3     No outputs recorded
2003/04
             Q4     Purchase of 50,000 kerbside boxes
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                             15.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                             13.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                     28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Croydon
Project Manager: Alan Mitchell
Address: Room 1807, Taberner House, Park Lane, Croydon, Surrey, CR9 3RN
Telephone: 020 8760 5762              E-Mail: alan-mitchell@croydon.gov.uk




                                       99
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

CROYDON
GREEN DOOR (Ref: 7.68)

Category: Kerbside                    Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                      Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total project cost: £49,000           Total LRF funding: £44,000
Households in Borough: 137,980        Households in Scheme: 16,000
Project aim
To increase participation in the kerbside recycling scheme which at the time of the
project covered 33,000 households.
Key characteristics
     The main objective of the project was to achieve the highest possible
      participation rates in the borough’s ‘green box’ kerbside scheme. This was to
      be achieved by obtaining the services of an established community group to
      provide a ‘doorstepping’ service.
     The context of the visits was arranged with Cleanaway following advice from
      the community group. Each visit provided informative discussion and a
      feedback questionnaire was issued for future evaluation.
     The doorstepping service addressed any barriers to using the service, as
      perceived by the residents, and offered clarification of the kerbside scheme.
     The service gathered information to benefit the operation and promotion of
      the rest of the borough’s kerbside recycling programme.
     The scheme initially covered 16,000 households in the borough, targeting
      areas with low participation rate.
Project partners
     Magpie Recycling – Provision of kerbside experience and doorsteppers.
     Cleanaway Ltd – Responsible for the provision of data on green box
      collections and the delivery of boxes to households who decide to opt in to
      the scheme following a visit from Magpie.
Success Factors
     Doorstepping provided a personal approach and allowed more in depth and
      specific concerns and interests to be tackled. It gave the scheme a friendlier
      persona that residents could feel a part of.
     The project provided an increased understanding of the participation rates
      achieved.
Lessons Learnt
     The borough reported that winter was a difficult time to undertake this form of
      project.




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                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: doorstepping staff and training. (Non-
LRF funding covered the production and distribution of promotional material)
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                           2002/03       2003/04                         Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital              -            -              -               -
     LRF Revenue               -         £44,000           -            £44,000
       Total LRF               -         £44,000           -            £44,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding        -          £1,000           -             £1,000
 Other Public Funding          -          £2,000           -             £2,000
 Private Sector funding        -          £1,000           -             £1,000
Total Non LRF Funding          -          £5,000           -             £5,000
 Total project funding         -         £49,000           -            £49,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £16.47 (predicted by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £0.06p (over a whole year – predicted
      by Borough)
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year      Quarter                              Output
              Q3     Project planning
2003/04
              Q4     16000 households visited, of which 7500 talked with
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                            15.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                            13.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                    28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Croydon
Project Manager: Eddy Taylor
Address: Room 18.07, Taberner House, Park Lane, Croydon, CR9 3RN
Telephone: 020 8760 5791             E-Mail: eddy_taylor@croydon.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

EAST LONDON WASTE AUTHORITY
MULTI MATERIAL KERBSIDE COLLECTION (Ref: 5.38/7.71)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total Project Cost: £2,472,200         Total LRF Funding: £782,600 [Round 5]
                                                             £336,200 [Round 7]
Households in Borough: 157,243         Households in Scheme: 44,000
Project Aim
To introduce a multi material kerbside collection service to areas of London
Borough of Barking & Dagenham and London Borough of Newham to increase the
combined weekly coverage from 23,000 to 67,000 households.
Key Characteristics
     This was a pilot scheme to evaluate the effectiveness of a source separated
      co-mingled recycling scheme against blue box and survival bag schemes
      already in operation in the East London Waste Authority area.
     The project was designed to enable the authority to learn how to best
      publicise the scheme and encourage participation and to provide a guideline
      for future predictions on recycling schemes.
     The scheme involved door to door bag collection for paper, card, cans,
      plastics and textiles. The frequency of the existing fortnightly collections was
      increased to a weekly collection and overall coverage across the two
      boroughs was increased from 23,000 to 67,000 households.
     The project focused on areas with strong ethnic minority populations and
      lower socio-economic groups. The areas covered contained a range of
      different housing stock.
     The Ilford Recycling Centre was upgraded to provide additional bulking
      facilities to handle materials generated by the project.
     A publicity and educational campaign was used to promote the pilot.
Project Partners
     Shanks Waste Services Ltd (Design & Build Storage Facility, handling of
      materials and processing / sale of recyclables and final disposal of residues.
Success Factors
     Recycling in the scheme areas was met with enthusiasm and is increasing.
Lessons Learnt
     Delays were encountered due to reduced funding and late delivery of
      vehicles. It was necessary to hire vehicles in the early stages of the project
      which increased the costs.
     Newham have employed multi lingual staff to doorknock and investigate low
      response rates and to encourage participation but the effect was reported as
      minimal.


                                        102
                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: upgrade Ilford Recycling Centre, 6
 collection vehicles and associated operators, recycling sacks, publicity material.
 Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                              2002/03      2003/04                           Total
                                                          Years
      LRF funding
       LRF Capital
         Round 5              £65,000      £283,600           -             £348,600
         Round 7                 -         £142,600           -             £142,600
      LRF Revenue
         Round 5              £83,800      £350,200           -             £434,000
         Round 7                 -         £193,600           -             £193,600
        Total LRF                -         £970,000           -             £970,000
    Non-LRF funding
 Waste Authority Funding        -          £73,800       £1,279,600     £1,353,400
  Other Public Funding          -             -               -              -
  Private Sector funding        -             -               -              -
 Total Non LRF Funding          -          £73,800       £1,279,600     £1,353,400
  Total project funding      £148,800     £1,043,800     £1,279,600     £2,472,200
       Cost per tonne material recycled: £138 (predicted by Borough)
       Cost per household served per week: £0.08 (predicted by Borough)
 PROJECT OUTPUTS
               Q1            Q2              Q3              Q4              Total
2003/04    180 tonnes    691.1 tonnes 1024 tonnes            NA               NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start          NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end            NA


 Year     Quarter                                  Output
2002/03     Q4      Collection rounds finalised, recycling bags purchased
            Q1      Scheme started
            Q2      2 vehicles received by Barking
2003/04
            Q3      2 vehicles received by Barking
            Q4      NA
                                                    Barking & Dagenham        Newham
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                     2.1%              2.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                     2.2%              4.2%
BVPI recycling & composting target 2003/04                   10%                10%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: East London Waste Authority
 Project Manager: John Wilson, General Manager
 Address: Arden House, 198 Longbridge Road, Barking, Essex 1G11 8SY
 Telephone: 0208 270 4997                   E-Mail:jwwilson@lbbd.gov.uk


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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

ENFIELD
WIPE OUT WASTE, KERBSIDE EXPANSION (Ref: 7.72)

Category: Kerbside                   Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                     Operational: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £1,975,000       Total LRF Funding: £180,000
Households in Borough: 116,000       Households in Scheme: 116,000
Project Aim
To expand the existing kerbside wet organics and dry multi-material collection
scheme to cover the entire borough.
Key Characteristics
     Two bins were provided to each household, one for organic waste and the
      other for dry recyclables. The dry multi-material collections included paper,
      card, plastics, cans, foil and textiles and the wet organic waste collection
      comprised of kitchen and garden waste.
     The materials were collected using a fleet of split body refuse collection
      vehicles.
     The collected material was bulked at the Chas Storer site which was adapted
      for both dry recyclables and organic waste.
     The multi-materials were sorted at Grovenor Waste Management materials
      recycling facility at Crayford.
     Customer awareness leaflets were distributed to households.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     Roll out of the expansion went to plan and participation was higher than
      expected resulting in higher tonnages being collected than originally
      anticipated.
Lessons Learnt
     This expansion was carried out in the same way as the previous successful
      kerbside scheme and no new lessons were learnt.




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                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: bins for the expansion of the collection
rounds. (The waste authority funding covered the collection rounds).
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                       Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -        £180,000           -         £180,000
     LRF Revenue                 -           -               -            -
       Total LRF                 -        £180,000           -         £180,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding     £730,000     £1,795,000     £1,795,000    £1,795,000
 Other Public Funding           -             -              -             -
 Private Sector funding         -             -              -             -
Total Non LRF Funding       £730,000     £1,795,000     £1,795,000    £1,795,000
 Total project funding      £730,000     £1,975,000     £1,795,000    £1,975,000
       Cost per tonne material recycled: £103.75 (predicted by Borough based on
        total scheme cost divided by 20,000 tonnes recycled or composted per year)
       Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
             Q1       Q2             Q3                   Q4           Total
                               Dry Recyclables
                            95 tonnes/round/week
2003/04                                                   NA            NA
                                  Organics
                            70 tonnes/round/week
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start               NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end                 NA

 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3     24,000 additional households served
2003/04
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                               8.7%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                              11.7%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      18%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Enfield
Project Manager: Terry Ransome
Address: Waste Services, Carterhatch Depot, 7 Melling Drive, Enfield, EN1 4BS
Telephone: 020 8379 1781               E-Mail: terry.ransome@enfield.gov.uk




                                        105
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HAMMERSITH & FULHAM
MULTI MATERIAL KERBSIDE COLLECTION SCHEME (Ref: 2.10/7.77)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total Project Cost: £919,610              Total LRF Funding: £853,612 [Round 2]
                                                                  £42,000 [Round 7]
Households in Borough: 77,000          Households in Scheme: 47,000
Project Aim
To introduce an integrated single pass multi-material kerbside collection to all
households in the borough with direct access to the street.
Key Characteristics
     The scheme covered 47,000 households and used a 2 bag model with one
      orange coloured bag for paper, card, mixed glass, mixed cans, aerosols and
      mixed plastic bottles and a clear bag for segregated green garden waste.
     The scheme consisted of weekly collections with co-mingled recyclables
      being collected on Monday to Saturday, and green waste collected every
      Sunday during the growing season (approx 31 weeks). The orange sack
      recycling service covering 11 collection rounds each week used 2 refuse
      collection vehicles equipped with a “soft compaction” facility. The garden
      waste was collected using up to 7 double-shifted standard refuse vehicles
      across the borough each Sunday morning.
     Prior to construction of the Cory Materials Recycling Facility it was planned to
      take the co-mingled materials to Grosvenor Waste.
     A promotional and education campaign was used to augment the scheme.
     Once in place the scheme was monitored and evaluated every quarter with
      analyses of materials collected and participation.
Project Partners
     Cory Environmental Ltd (publicity campaign funding);           Waste Watch
      (education, communications and publicity campaign); London Remade
      (development of markets for materials collected and technical advise).
Success Factors
     The Materials Recycling Facility handled co-mingled dry recyclables in a
      single stream, rather than in 2 streams as originally proposed. This reduced
      the number of bags needed and made the scheme easier to use and cheaper.
     Operations were monitored and operators interviewed to minimise problems.
     Continual promotion of the service ensured that the scheme remained
      credible and participation remained high, particularly since this borough sees
      a 30% annual turnover of residents.




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

Lessons Learnt
     Delays in procurement of the chassis for one collection vehicle and the need
      for 3 additional vehicles to collect garden waste delayed the project.
     Initially, residents received 3 regular sack deliveries and further ad-hoc
      deliveries on demand. Due to the cost of the ad-hoc deliveries, these were
      stopped, other than for the housebound, disabled and infirm. Residents are
      now asked to collect additional sacks from one of 10 collection points
      including the main depot, library and information centre.
     The popularity of service and the resources necessary to deal with enquiries
      was under-estimated. The promotion and advertising costs were also higher
      than expected.
RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: leaflets; vehicles and crews; bags;
newsletters; participation surveys; waste composition analyses; recycling officer
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                          Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -            -              -                -
     LRF Revenue
        Round 2             £102,182     £751,429           -            £853,610
        Round 7                           £46,000           -             £46,000
       Total LRF            £102,182     £797,429           -            £899,610
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding        -         £20,000            -            £20,000
 Other Public Funding          -            -               -               -
 Private Sector funding        -            -               -               -
Total Non LRF Funding          -            -               -               -
 Total project funding     £102,182      £817,429           -            £919,610
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £ 43.40 (predicted by Borough)
     Cost per household: £ 12.61 (predicted by Borough)
Non-financial resources
     Team of 7 “Recycling Champions” employed to knock on doors through the
      Rethink Rubbish Western Riverside campaign.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1          Q2          Q3                Q4       Total
2003/04        2,563 tonnes       2003 tonnes     1992 tonnes  6566 tonnes
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start  NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end    NA
Participation    London Remade estimated to be between 32% and 56%




                                       107
                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004


 Year     Quarter                                  Output
2002/03     Q3      No outputs recorded
            Q1      Participation surveys, magazine publicity, scheme launch
            Q2      Participation survey, magazine publicity, phase 2 launch, leaflets &
2003/04             sacks distributed, doorstepping, roadshow and promotional events
             Q3     NA
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                   8.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                   8.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                          16%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham
 Project Manager: David Newman, Waste Development Officer
 Address: 4th Floor, Riverview House, Beavor Lane, Hammersmith, London, W6 9AR
 Telephone: 020 8753 1191               E-Mail:    Dave.Newman@lbhf.gov.uk




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                     109
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HARINGEY
EXTENSION OF KERBSIDE RECYCLING (Ref: 4.28)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:     Funding: December 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 1 04/05
Total Project Cost: £669,300           Total LRF Funding: £302,000
Households in Borough: 95,000          Households in Scheme: 59,000
Project Aim
To provide a kerbside collection for recyclables to all applicable households in the
borough.
Key Characteristics
     Prior to the expansion of the kerbside recycling scheme 21,000 households
      received a multi-material kerbside collection and 9,700 a paper only
      collection. The project increased the number of households receiving the
      multi-material scheme to approximately 80,000 households through the
      upgrade of the 9,700 households previously on the paper only scheme and
      inclusion of additional households.
     The Multi-Material Kerbside Collection included paper, aluminium and steel
      cans, glass, textiles, foil, books, shoes and white telephone directories.
     Collection was via a multi-compartmental stillage recycling vehicle and a fleet
      of Pedestrian Controlled Vehicles (PCVs) that sort recyclables from the green
      boxes at the kerbside.
     A community recycling officer was used to address issues of low participation
      in areas with very mobile populations.
Project Partners
     The project required support from the recyclables collection contractor,
      Finsbury Park Community Trust (FPCT), a ‘not for profit’ community
      organisation.
Success Factors
     FPCT source staff through an Intermediate Labour Market scheme, which
      have provided training to date for 70 people over two years of operating
      Haringey’s recycling service.
     The rollout of the borough-wide kerbside-recycling scheme has been very
      successful. The scheme has exceeded the 65,000 previously targeted by the
      scheme and now covers approximately 80,000 households.
Lessons Learnt
     A canvassing exercise has contributed to maintaining high participation rates
      of 50%, however, it is very labour intensive. The pace of the roll-out has been
      slower than previously anticipated as each household is canvassed prior to
      collection. The increased participation rate has resulted in the creation of
      additional rounds to cope with the increased demand.




                                        110
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: green boxes, collection vehicles,
operational costs and publicity.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03       2003/04                        Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -        £299,500           -          £299,500
     LRF Revenue                -         £2,500            -           £2,500
       Total LRF                -        £302,000           -          £302,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -        £367,300       £367,300       £367,300
 Other Public Funding           -           -              -              -
 Private Sector funding         -           -              -              -
Total Non LRF Funding           -        £367,300       £367,300       £367,300
 Total project funding          -        £669,300       £367,300       £669,300
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £85 (calculated by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £0.05 (calculated by Borough based on
      LRF funding element only).
Non-financial resources
     Community recycling officer.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
                Q1           Q2                Q3            Q4           Total
2003/04      75 tonnes    186 tonnes      431 tonnes      908 tonnes    1600 tonnes
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start       NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end         NA
Participation     Observed participation rate in 2003 of 30% across the borough


 Year     Quarter                               Output
            Q1      Vehicles/boxes ordered, paper round upgrade started
                    Vehicles and 35,000 boxes delivered, upgrade of rounds
             Q2
2003/04             completed
             Q3     15,000 boxes delivered, official launch
             Q4     30,000 boxes delivered (additional boxes funded by Haringey)
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                4.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                4.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                       10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Haringey
Project Manager: Jon Le Mottee, Recycling Officer
Address: Environmental Services, Waste Management Service, Contract House,
           Park View Road, Tottenham, N17 9AY
Telephone: 020 8489 5682            E-Mail: jon.lemottee@haringey.gov.uk

                                       111
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HARROW
COLLECTION OF ORGANIC WASTE FROM 36,000 HOUSEHOLDS
(Ref: 4.29/7.79)

Category: Kerbside                    Project Date:     Funding: December 2002
                                                      Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total Project Cost: £2,096,000        Total LRF Funding: £481,000 [Round 4]
                                                            £310,000 [Round 7]
Households in Borough: 81,572         Households in Scheme: 36,000
Project Aim
To provide separate collection of garden waste, kitchen vegetable waste and
cardboard to 30% of households in Harrow.
Key Characteristics
     The project comprised the introduction of a separate collection of organic
      waste from 36,000 households in Harrow.
     Organic waste includes green waste, kitchen vegetable/fruit waste and
      cardboard. Animal by-products were not collected at project inception,
      however, could be added to the collection at a later date.
     Each household was issued with a brown wheeled bin, a kitchen bucket
      (delayed until kitchen waste included in scheme) and an information pack.
      The organic waste was collected once a fortnight in addition to the weekly
      collection of residual waste.
     Two Rotopress collection vehicles were purchased to service the scheme.
     Collected organic waste was delivered to a facility provided by West London
      Waste Authority for composting.
     Implementation of the scheme was assisted by two Community Recycling
      Officers (funded by landfill tax credit scheme) and a temporary post for six
      months to advise the public.
Project Partners
     This application is a constituent part of the West London Waste Authority
      (WLWA) Organic Waste Project (2nd phase) application. This involves 4
      linked project applications from the following partners: West London Waste
      Authority; London Boroughs of Brent, Hillingdon; Ealing, Hounslow and
      Richmond.
Success Factors
     Working in partnership with adjacent authorities to provide good coverage and
      share facilities.
Lessons Learnt
     London Borough of Harrow recognised that a lower than anticipated collection
      tonnage was likely to result from an exceptionally hot/dry summer leading to
      less production of organic garden waste.


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                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: wheeled bins; collection vehicles;
composting infrastructure; kitchen bins; leaflets
Detailed Costs
                                                          Subsequent
                              2002/03     2003/04                               Total
                                                            Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital
        Round 4                  -        £358,000              -             £358,000
        Round 7                  -        £280,000              -             £280,000
     LRF Revenue
        Round 4                  -        £123,000              -             £123,000
        Round 7                  -        £30,000               -             £30,000
       Total LRF                 -        £791,000              -             £791,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding          -         £5,000         £1,275,000         £1,280,000
 Other Public Funding            -        £25,000              -              £25,000
 Private Sector funding          -            -                -                  -
Total Non LRF Funding            -        £30,000         £1,275,000         £1,305,000
 Total project funding           -        £511,000        £1,275,000         £2,096,000
      Cost per tonne collected by scheme: £65 (predicted by Borough)
      Cost per household served per week: £0.73 (predicted by Borough)
Non-financial resources
      Employment of two permanent officers.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
                Q1           Q2           Q3              Q4                   Total
2003/04 97 tonnes      424 tonnes   308 tonnes      200 tonnes            1029 tonnes
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start                NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end                  103 Kg


 Year     Quarter                                    Output
2002/03      Q4     Purchase vehicle, purchase and deliver wheeled/kitchen bins
             Q1     Print leaflets, recruit officer, deliver 12,000 bins, start collections
             Q2     No outputs recorded
2003/04
             Q3     No outputs recorded
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                        10.3%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                         9.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                                16%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Harrow
Project Manager: Andrew Baker, Waste Management Policy Officer
Address: PO Box 38, Station Road, Harrow, Middx, HA1 2UZ
Telephone: 020 8424 1779            E-Mail: andrew.baker@harrow.gov.uk
                                           113
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HILLINGDON
BOROUGH WIDE KERBSIDE COLLECTION OF COMPOSTABLE GARDEN
WASTES (Ref: 3.11)

Category: Kerbside                    Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                      Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total Project Cost: £594,250          Total LRF Funding: £402,250
Households in Borough: 100,000        Households in Scheme: 80,000 min
Project Aim
Implementation of a borough-wide kerbside collection service for compostable
garden wastes.
Key Characteristics
     A fortnightly collection of garden waste was provided on the same day as
      refuse and recyclables were collected.
     Garden waste was collected in reusable, heavy duty white polypropylene
      sacks.
     The collection of sacks means the Waste Division were able to eliminate the
      costs associated with having to equip the collection vehicles to handle
      wheeled bins.
     3 bags were used to give a storage capacity equivalent to a 240 litre wheeled
      bin and could be folded away when not in use.
     A charge of £5 per bag was made if extra bags were required.
     Seasonal variations were made to the collection crews to improve efficiency.
Project Partners
     None – but linked to West London Waste Authority, private sector
      development of composting facilities and with neighbouring boroughs’ green
      waste plans.
Success Factors
     More households than expected were included in the scheme.
     The scheme was based on a trial undertaken in 2000/1, therefore, risk of
      under achievement was considered to be low.
     Once the scheme was fully operational, the borough no longer accepted other
      bagged garden waste from residents covered by the new service.
Lessons Learnt
     The Borough achieved a reduction in the budgeted cost of the collection bags
      as a result of further market testing.
     The scheme extended to 8,000 more households than first projected, thus
      reducing the cost per household.




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                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: purchase of 250,000 polypropylene bags
for collection, leaflet printing and distribution and revenue support for the operation
of 3 full time plus 1 part time green waste collection crews.
Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                          Total
                                                          Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital            £172,500       £29,750           -           £202,250
     LRF Revenue                -          £200,000           -           £200,000
       Total LRF             £172,500      £229,750           -           £402,250
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -          £192,000           -           £192,000
 Other Public Funding           -             -               -              -
 Private Sector funding         -             -               -              -
Total Non LRF Funding           -          £192,000           -           £192,000
 Total project funding       £172,500      £421,750           -           £594,250
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £20.26 (predicted by Borough based on
      LRF funding).
     Cost per household served per week: £0.09 (based on LRF funding).
PROJECT OUTPUTS
               Q1           Q2            Q3              Q4               Total
2003/04 2593 tonnes 2341 tonnes 1400 tonnes               NA                NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start    NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end      82 Kg


 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3     Bags purchased
2002/03
             Q4     Leaflet and bag drops completed
             Q1     Collections commence
             Q2     No outputs recorded
2003/04
             Q3     No outputs recorded
             Q4     No outputs recorded
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                    15.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                    19.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                            14%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Hillingdon
Project Manager: Mr Duncan Jones, Waste management development officer
Address: Central Depot, 128 Harlington Road, Hillingdon, Middlesex, UB8 3EY
Telephone: 01895 277507                 E-Mail:    dmjones@hillingdon.gov.uk




                                         115
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

HOUNSLOW
INCREASING KERBSIDE PARTICIPATION (Ref: 7.81)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:      Funding: October 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £85,774            Total LRF Funding: £66,000
Households in Borough: 87,555          Households in Scheme: 43,000
Project Aim
To increase participation in Hounslow’s multi-material kerbside collection scheme
through face to face contact with the public.
Key Characteristics
     The community group, Waste Watch were used to recruit and manage 16
      ‘Recycling Champions’.
     43,000 properties were targeted over an 8 week period in February and
      March 2004.
     Baseline participation data was gathered over three weeks and reviewed after
      the kerbside promotion campaign.
     The primary aim was to get non-participating households to sign up to the
      scheme and these households were targeted first.
     The secondary aim was to increase the frequency and range of materials
      recycled from participating households.
     Tonnage data by round was made available to assess any increases in
      material collected in different areas.
Project Partners
     Waste Watch
Success Factors
     Gained access to 40% of households called at, of which 25% agreed to sign
      up for the Green Box Service. Estimated that this will add 10%, 900 tonnes to
      kerbside collections. Early indications are that estimate is accurate with a 5%
      increase in Feb (campaign started in 9/02) with a 12% increase in March.
Lessons Learnt
     Be clear about the objectives. Reflect this in specification to service provider.
      Clarity on who is providing or doing what is essential when obtaining prices.
     It is important to determine whether time needs to be taken to assess the
      factors affecting householder behaviour using questionnaires prior to
      implementing any initiative.
     Ensure green box requests are fed to box deliverer quickly so the deliverers
      are aware of expected uptake and can plan stock levels and delivery
      resources.




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: staff for participation surveys before and
after the initiative, 16 recycling champions for 8 week doorstepping exercise
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -           -              -             -
     LRF Revenue                -        £66,000           -          £66,000
       Total LRF                -        £66,000           -          £66,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -        £15,774           -          £15,774
 Other Public Funding           -           -              -             -
 Private Sector funding         -           -              -             -
Total Non LRF Funding           -        £15,774           -          £15,774
 Total project funding          -        £81,774           -          £81,774
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3      No outputs recorded
2003/04              Participation survey carried out covering 15,000 households
              Q4
                     over three weeks, kerbside promotion campaign carried out
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                             12.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                             15.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                     28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Hounslow
Project Manager: Natasha Epstein
Address: The Recycling Team, Street Management & Public Protection, The Civic
Centre, Lampton Road, Hounslow, TW3 4DN
Telephone: 020 8538 5060              E-Mail: Natasha.epstein@hounslow.gov.uk




                                       117
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

KINGSTON
EXTENSION TO DOOR TO DOOR GLASS RECYCLING (Ref: 7.83)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:      Funding: October 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £21,500            Total LRF Funding: £21,500
Households in Borough: 61,150          Households in Scheme: 1,500
Project Aim
To extend the collection of mixed glass from households, increasing the number of
households served from 1,000 to 2,500.
Key Characteristics
The main objectives of the project were to:
     Increase the fortnightly collection using plastic Hessian bags to cover 2,500
      households in total.
     Improve promotion of the glass collection scheme.
     Identify how best to implement a borough-wide mixed glass collection scheme
      to 50,000 households.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     The project ran to schedule.
Lessons Learnt
     Take up of the scheme by householders in the new area was lower than
      anticipated.




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                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: purchase of Hessian sacks and revenue
funding for maintaining, promoting and monitoring the service.
Detailed Costs
                                                    Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                      Total
                                                      Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital              -          £3.500             -        £3.500
     LRF Revenue               -         £18,000             -       £18,000
       Total LRF               -         £21,500             -       £21,500
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding        -            -                -          -
 Other Public Funding          -            -                -          -
 Private Sector funding        -            -                -          -
Total Non LRF Funding          -            -                -          -
 Total project funding         -         £21,500             -       £21,500
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1         Q2           Q3                Q4           Total
2003/04                           12.8 tonnes           NA            NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start             NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end               NA
Participation    NA


 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3     1,500 sacks delivered
2003/04
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                            17.8%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                             19%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                    30%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Kingston upon Thames
Project Manager: Ken Lawson
Address: Guildhall 2, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, KT1 1EU
Telephone: 020 8547 5861              E-Mail: ken.lawson@rbk.kingston.gov.uk




                                       119
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

LAMBETH
KERBSIDE MADE EASY (Ref: 7.86)

Category: Kerbside                      Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                        Operational: Quarter 1 04/05
Total Project Cost: £5,418,166          Total LRF Funding: £444,366
Households in Borough: 122,295          Households in Scheme: NA
Project aim
To improve the kerbside collection scheme to gain an increase in recovery levels of
at least 40% over tonnages prior to the scheme.
Key Characteristics
The project improved the weekly kerbside collection scheme for recyclables using
the existing Green box, as well as, a transparent orange bag. The orange bag used
was the same as that provided by the other boroughs in the Western Riverside
Waste Authority. The orange bag scheme:
     Provided residents with a more convenient method of storing and setting out
      all recyclables co-mingled into the bag.
     Increased storage and set out capacity to allow expansion of designated
      recyclables collected to include all plastic bottles and cardboard.
     Increased visibility of the recyclables on the collection day, thereby
      increasing neighbourhood “peer pressure” and participation.
     Increased collection productivity and improved collection costs.
Project Partners
     Cleanaway: (collection service)
     Western Riverside Waste Authority: (handling and control of recyclables)
     Cory Environmental: (technical, communications and market development
      support to the four Western Riverside Waste Authority Boroughs over a five
      year period)
     London Remade: (technical assistance and market development of the
      Rethink Rubbish Western Riverside campaign)
     Waste Watch: (education and awareness portions of the Rethink Rubbish
      Western Riverside campaign)
Success Factors
     The use of the same coloured bag as neighbouring boroughs should
      reinforce communication efforts as the brightly coloured bag is featured in
      local advertising, promotions and news stories.
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                         120
                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 6 refuse collection vehicles; 2 vans;
4,160,000 orange bags; 80,000 leaflets; contamination stickers (10% of
households)
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                       Years
    LRF funding
     LRF Capital               -        £403,000           -          £403,000
    LRF Revenue                -        £41,366            -          £41,366
      Total LRF                -        £444,366           -          £444,366
  Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding        -        £145,000      £843,000        £988,000
                                                     £3,845,640
  Other Public Funding         -               -                      £3,845,640
                                                      (3 years)
 Private Sector funding        -        £140,160          -            £140,160
 Total Non LRF Funding         -        £285,160     £4,688,640       £4,973,800
 Total project funding         -        £729,526     £4,688,640       £5,418,166
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £ NA
     Cost per household served per year: £11.31 (predicted by Borough)
PROJECT OUTPUTS
  Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3      6 refuse collection vehicles, 2 vans and 160,000 orange bags
2003/04              ordered
              Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                             8.9%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                              11%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                     14%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Lambeth
Project Manager: Luke Henry, Sustainable Waste Manager
Address: 5th Floor, Blue Star House, 234-244 Stockwell Road, London, SW9 9SP
Telephone: 020 7926 1253              E-Mail: lhenry@lambeth.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

MERTON
EXPANSION OF MULTI MATERIAL KERBSIDE COLLECTION (Ref: 4.31)

Category: Kerbside                    Project Date:     Funding: December 2002
                                                      Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total Project Cost: £4,946,093        Total LRF Funding: £640,787
Households in Borough: 76,741         Households in Scheme: 70,000
Project Aim
To increase the recycling rate in Merton through the expansion of kerbside
collection services to 70,000 households in the borough.
Key Characteristics
     Expansion of the weekly kerbside paper recycling scheme to include mixed
      glass, plastics, mixed cans, foil and cardboard to cover 70,000 households in
      Merton. Two boxes were provided per household: one for glass and paper
      and the other for the co-mingled collection of plastic bottles, cans and
      cardboard.
     The project made use of the newly developed bulking facilities at the Garth
      Road Waste Transfer and Recycling Centre
     A major publicity and promotional campaign was used to promote the scheme
      using leaflets, advertising, resident association workshops and media
      coverage.
     Once in place the scheme was then monitored and evaluated every quarter.
Project Partners
     The Council’s in-house partner MRCS (operation of the expanded service)
Success Factors
     The scheme showed increased tonnages collected after the introduction of
      the publicity and promotional campaigns. It was found to be particularly
      successful in areas where participation was low.
     Assisted collections were provided to elderly and disabled residents to
      encourage them to recycle
     The first pilot was set up on an “opt in” basis for the second box; this was
      changed to an “opt out” service for the remainder of the roll out.
     Success of early pilot of multi-material collection meant that all households
      rolled out later received a full collection from the outset rather than phased
      introduction of different materials to the scheme as originally planned.
Lessons Learnt
     Scheme roll out was slower than anticipated.




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                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: collection vehicles, collection boxes/sacks
 for each household, publicity campaign leaflets, six additional staff, new bulking and
 storage bays for materials collected
 Detailed Costs
                                                          Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                           Total
                                                            Years
      LRF funding
       LRF Capital           £41,000        559,000             -           £600,000
     LRF Revenue              £9,425        £31,362             -           £40,787
        Total LRF            £50,425       £590,362             -           £640,787
   Non-LRF funding
    Waste Authority
                             £172,370      £640,656       £640,000 pa      £4,016,306
         Funding
  Other Public Funding          -             -                -               -
 Private Sector funding         -             -                -               -
 Total Non LRF Funding       £172,370      £640,656       £640,000 pa      £4,016,306
 Total project funding       £222,795     £1,520,018      £640,000 pa      £4,946,093
       Cost per tonne material recycled: £66.93 (predicted by Borough)
       Cost per household served per week: £NA
 PROJECT OUTPUTS
               Q1             Q2               Q3             Q4              Total
2002/03                                                    Additional       Additional
                                              -
                                                          5.32 tonnes      5.32 tonnes
2003/04 85.32 tonnes 142.05 tonnes 505.96 tonnes              NA               NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start    NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end      NA


  Year     Quarter                                Output
 2002/03      Q4     No outputs recorded
              Q1     35,100 households receiving multi-material collection service
              Q2     Further service rollout
 2003/04
              Q3     Further service rollout
              Q4     NA
 BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                  16.5%
 BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                   15%
 BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                          18%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Merton
 Project Manager: Cormac Stokes, Acting Environmental Development Manager
 Address: Merton Civic Centre, London Road, Morden, Surrey, SM4 5DX
 Telephone: 020 8545 3131                    E-Mail: cormac.stokes@merton.gov.uk


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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

NORTH LONDON BOROUGHS
GREEN GARDEN WASTE COLLECTION SERVICE - WALTHAM FOREST
(Ref: 5.46/7.95)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total project cost: £1,122,400         Total LRF funding: £400,000 [Round 5]
                                                             £446,000 [Round 7]
Households in Borough: 314,547         Households in Scheme: 40,000
Project aim
The aim of this project was the collection of green garden refuse from 40,000
properties as part of a joint initiative between Barnet, Hackney and Waltham Forest.
Key characteristics
     The project enabled the London Boroughs of Barnet, Hackney and Waltham
      Forest to coordinate a green garden waste collection service.
     The scheme collected green garden waste from 40,000 properties in total
      over the three boroughs: Hackney – 11,700 households; Waltham Forest –
      11,700 households; Barnet – expansion of the existing scheme by 16,600
      households, the bins for 11,600 households paid for by the fund, the further
      5,000 paid for by the borough
     The service involved the provision of wheeled bins which were issued to
      residents. The bins were emptied by refuse collection vehicles which deliver
      the green garden material to a designated bay at the Edmonton Incinerator
      site, before being transported in bulk to a composting plant in Ongar, Essex.
     In Hackney and Waltham Forest a community business recycling service
      provider, ECT Recycling Ltd, undertook the collections. ECT Recycling Ltd
      also procured a refuse collection vehicle for Hackney and Waltham Forest.
Project partners
A project board was established to develop, implement and oversee the project and
included: London Borough of Waltham Forest, London Borough of Hackney,
London Borough of Barnet, ECT Recycling Ltd and North London Waste Authority
Success Factors
     Support for the project was provided internally using experienced officers on a
      consultative basis.
     The Barnet scheme was an opt in scheme and when householders phone for
      the service they are told about the dry recycling and home composting
      schemes. This is believed to have increased interest in these services.
Lessons Learnt
     Waltham Forrest suffered a delay in bin distribution due to problems with
      production. This was overcome by distributing sacks and an explanatory
      letter to the rounds effected, allowing collections to start as planned.
     Hackney experienced higher than anticipated levels of contamination.


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                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: Wheeled bins, vehicles
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                           2002/03        2003/04                       Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital
        Round 5                -         £332,900            -        £332,900
        Round 7                -         £430,000            -        £430,000
     LRF Revenue
                                                             -
        Round 5                -          £67,100                      £67,100
                                                             -
        Round 7                -          £16,000                      £16,000
       Total LRF
        Round 5                -         £400,000            -        £400,000
        Round 7                -         £446,000            -        £446,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding        -         £276,400            -         £276,400
 Other Public Funding          -             -               -             -
 Private Sector funding        -             -               -             -
Total Non LRF Funding          -         £276,400            -         £276,400
 Total project funding         -        £1,122,400           -        £1,122,400
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £103.55 (predicted by Boroughs based on
      1,800 tonnes collected by between Hackney and Waltham Forest).
     Cost per household served per week: £0.18 (predicted by Boroughs based on
      1,800 tonnes per year from 12,000 houses)


PROJECT OUTPUTS
   2003/04            Q1              Q2            Q3           Q4      Total
Waltham Forest     63 tonnes       270 tonnes   207 tonnes       NA       NA
   Hackney         48 tonnes       133 tonnes    92 tonnes       NA       NA
    Barnet            NA              NA            NA           NA       NA




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                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004


  Year     Quarter                                 Output
                      Waltham Forrest: Designate roads, order RCV and 6,000
                      bins
2002/03      Q4
                      Hackney: Designate roads, order RCV and 6,000 bins
                      Barnet: NA
                      Waltham Forrest: NA
                      Hackney: Receive RCV, distribute 4,500 bins and leaflets,
             Q1
                      start collections
                      Barnet: NA
                      Waltham Forrest: Receive RCV, distribute 950 bins, 5050
                      interim sacks and leaflets, start collections
             Q2
2003/04               Hackney: Distribute 1,000 bins
                      Barnet: NA
                      Waltham Forrest: Deliver remaining bins, designate roads,
                      order RCV and 5,700 bins
             Q3
                      Hackney: Designate roads, order RCV and 5,700 bins
                      Barnet: Designate roads, order RCV and 6,600 bins
             Q4       NA

                                              Waltham
                                                           Hackney           Barnet
                                               Forest
BVPI recycling rate 2001/02                     8.2%         1.2%             8.4%
BVPI recycling rate 2002/03                    10.2%         2.6%            12.1%
BVPI recycling rate 2003/04 (target)            12%          10%              18%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Waltham Forest
Project Manager: Robert Williams, Development & Standards Officer
Address: Low Hall Depot, 30, South Access Road, Walthamstow, London,
         E17 8BS
Telephone: 020 8496 2576               E-Mail: robert.williams@lbwf.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

REDBRIDGE
MULTI MATERIAL DOOR-TO-DOOR RECYCLING COLLECTIONS (Ref: 2.8)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:      Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £361,000           Total LRF Funding: £111,000
Households in Borough: 92,400          Households in Scheme: 30,000
Project Aim
To ensure that all suitable properties (i.e. excluding flats) receive a full multi-
material recycling service by expanding the existing multi-material collection to the
remaining 30,000 single story households, which are currently receiving a paper
only collection.
Key Characteristics
     Expansion of existing fortnightly door-to-door collection service for paper,
      glass, plastic bottles and cans, offered to approximately 50,000 households,
      to a further 30,000 households (all of the borough’s remaining suitable
      households) which received a paper only collection service.
     In parallel the Ilford Recycling Centre (IRC) was planned to be redeveloped
      during 2002/3 by Shanks Waste Services (SWS), involving a capital
      investment of some £200,000 by SWS, the new contractor to the East London
      Waste Authority. This will significantly increase capacity at the site and enable
      the paper only service to be converted to a full multi-material service.
Project Partners
     MRS Environmental Services Limited (the borough’s refuse and recycling
      contractor)
     Shanks Waste Services (East London Waste Authority’s waste disposal
      contractor)
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     Delays in the delivery of the new collection vehicles delayed scheme roll out.




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                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 4 recycling vehicles, recycling boxes,
promotional leaflets
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                         Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -         111,000           -           111,000
     LRF Revenue                 -            -              -              -
       Total LRF                 -         111,000           -           111,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding      250,000          -              -           250,000
 Other Public Funding           -             -              -              -
 Private Sector funding         -             -              -              -
Total Non LRF Funding        250,000          -              -           250,000
 Total project funding       250,000       111,000           -           361,000
      Cost per tonne material recycled: £133 (predicted by Borough based on 3,000
       tonnes per annum)
      Cost per household served per week: £NA
Non-financial resources
      Redevelopment of the Ilford Recycling Centre.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year      Quarter                               Output
             Q3     Order placed for collection vehicles
2002/03
             Q4     No outputs recorded
             Q1     Ilford Recycling Centre transferred to Shanks, 10,000 boxes
                    ordered
2003/04      Q2     No outputs recorded
             Q3     Recycling vehicles received, leaflets delivered, service started
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                 8.2%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                  10%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         14%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Redbridge
Project Manager: Fiona Dowson, Acting Recycling Officer
Address: Cleansing Services, Ley Street House, 497- 499 Ley Street,
         Ilford, IG2 7QX
Telephone: 020 8708 5007               E-Mail:    fiona.dowson@redbridge.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RICHMOND UPON THAMES
MULTI MATERIAL KERBSIDE EXPANSION (Ref: 1.1)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 3 02/03
Total Project Cost: £1,368,800         Total LRF Funding: £558,500
Households in Borough: 78,600          Households in Scheme: 52,000
Project Aim
To increase the recycling rate in Richmond upon Thames through the expansion of
kerbside collection services to over 52,000 households in the borough.
Key Characteristics
     The project involved expansion of the fortnightly kerbside paper recycling
      scheme to include glass, textiles, cans and foil. The scheme covered 52,500+
      households of 78,600 households in the borough.
     Sorting and bulking facilities at Twickenham Central Depot were expanded.
     A borough-wide waste minimisation and recycling awareness campaign was
      implemented to augment the expansion – based on a funding application to
      the Landfill Tax Credit Scheme via Business EcoNetwork.
     The borough worked with existing contractors and a range of reprocessors, to
      increase the recycling rate in the area in a cost effective manner.
     The scheme was rolled out across the borough between November 2002 and
      January 2003 and included an official press launch of the scheme.
     Once in place the scheme was monitored and evaluated every quarter, along
      with analyses of textile recycling and participation rate.
Project Partners
     Cheshire Recycling (Paper Recycling); Corus (Steel Recycling); LM Barry
      (Textile Recycling); British Glass (Glass Recycling); Alcan (Aluminium
      Recycling); R J Harris Ltd (Collection); Business Ecologic (Landfill Tax)
Success Factors
     The publicity and promotional campaigns appeared to show an increase in
      the tonnages collected as tonnages per quarter went up after the door-to-door
      and Recycle for London campaign.
     The Alcan sponsored Lucky Box Lottery, where householders putting their
      recycling boxes out for collection were entered into a prize draw, was shown
      to be a successful method of increasing participation.
Lessons Learnt
     The scheme was operated on a fortnightly basis, leading to some households
      only being served once a month over bank holiday periods. It was concluded
      that it might be beneficial to increase the frequency of collections to weekly.
     Continued monitoring of the scheme and close liaison with the contractors
      was found to be essential. Efficiency was improved by increasing the number
      of rounds and increased management input reduced missed collections.

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                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

 RESOURCES
 Key items included in the project cost: recycling awareness leaflets; fork lift
 truck; supervisor; press launch and PR support; 7 vehicles; containers; participation
 surveys; and waste composition analyses.
 Detailed Costs
                                                        Subsequent
                              2002/03      2003/04                         Total
                                                          Years
      LRF funding
       LRF Capital           £96,000          -               -          £96,000
      LRF Revenue            £154,200      £308,300           -          £462,500
        Total LRF            £250,200      £308,300           -          £558,500
    Non-LRF funding
 Waste Authority Funding     £53,800       £127,000       £87,800        £268,600
  Other Public Funding       £100,000      £100,000          -          £200,000+
  Private Sector funding     £629,000       £28,000          -               -
 Total Non LRF Funding       £468,300      £255,000       £87,800        £810,300
  Total project funding      £718,500      £563,300       £87,800       £1,368,800
       Cost per tonne material recycled: £89 (predicted by Borough)
       Cost per household served per week: £0.08 (predicted by Borough)
 PROJECT OUTPUTS
                Q1             Q2          Q3              Q4             Total
 2002/03                                   NA              NA              NA
 2003/04 597 tonnes      324 tonnes    564 tonnes          NA               NA
 Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start    NA
 Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end      38 Kg
 Participation    Borough estimate around 40% on average


 Year     Quarter                                Output
             Q3     Deliver bags & leaflets, commence new collections
2002/03
             Q4     No outputs recorded
             Q1     Textiles review
             Q2     No outputs recorded
2003/04
             Q3     Promotional campaign
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                              17.3%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                              20.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                      28%
 AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
 Authority: London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
 Project Manager: Sue Duckworth, Recycling and Environment Manager
 Address: Recycling Section, Central Depot, Langhorn Drive, Twickenham, TW2 7SG
 Telephone: 020 8831 6334               E-Mail:    s.duckworth@richmond.gov.uk



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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

SOUTHWARK
INTRODUCTION OF MULTI-MATERIAL KERBSIDE COLLECTION SCHEME
(Ref: 7.93)

Category: Kerbside                      Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                        Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £849,201            Total LRF Funding: £265,000
Households in Borough: 115,083          Households in Scheme: 50,000
Project Aim
To increase household recycling levels by introducing a multi-material kerbside
collection scheme to 50,000 households in the borough.
Key Characteristics
     The collection rounds were built on the existing door-to-door paper collection
      round which used a blue box system and covered 50,000 non-estate
      households.
     Reusable Hessian sacks were provided for the paper collection and each
      household was provided with a divider for the blue box to allow it to be used
      for storing glass and cans.
     The collection was carried out using 3 stillage vehicles purchased for the
      project.
     The materials were sorted at the kerbside into the vehicles and taken to the
      Manor Place depot for bulking (refurbished with a grant awarded by the
      London Recycling Fund in Round 4 (Ref: 4.32)).
     Collections are made every fortnight in line with the existing paper collections.
     Publicity materials were designed, printed and distributed to advertise the
      start of the scheme.
Project Partners
     None
Success Factors
     None reported to date
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




                                         132
                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: 3 vehicles, 50,000 Hessian sacks, 50,000
blue box dividers, 1 rotating arm forklift, staff input to project.
Detailed Costs
                                                       Subsequent
                              2002/03      2003/04                         Total
                                                         Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                 -        £265,000           -           £265,000
     LRF Revenue                  -           -               -              -
       Total LRF                  -        £265,000           -           £265,000
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding           -        £113,901      £470,300         £584,201
 Other Public Funding             -           -             -                -
 Private Sector funding           -           -             -                -
Total Non LRF Funding             -        £113,901      £470,300         £584,201
 Total project funding            -        £378,901      £470,300         £849,201
     Cost per tonne recycled: £233.48 (predicted by Borough for LRF contribution)
     Cost per tonne recycled: £333.83 (predicted by Borough for total project cost)
Non Financial Resources
       Borough-wide publicity campaign for all the borough’s services.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
             Q3     NA
2003/04
             Q4     NA
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                  3.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                  4.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                         10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Southwark
Project Manager: Phil Davies
Address: Manor Place Depot, 30-34 Penrose St, London, SE17 3DW
Telephone: 020 7525 1287                E-Mail: phil.davies@southwark.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

WANDSWORTH
OVER THE RAINBOW (Ref: 3.17)

Category: Kerbside                     Project Date:     Funding: October 2002
                                                       Operational: Quarter 1 03/04
Total Project Cost: £4,033,930         Total LRF Funding: £1,359,930
Households in Borough: 123,869         Households in Scheme: 82,926
Project Aim
To double the tonnage from the existing kerbside collection system in Wandsworth.
Key Characteristics
Lessons learnt from the Borough’s original opt-in rainbow recycling scheme, which
required householders to put materials into various different coloured sacks for
collection, led to the implementation of this simplified scheme. This project covering
83,000 households in the borough involved:
     Extending the range of materials collected.
     Changing to an ’opt-out’ system to encourage residents to participate.
     Using a one sack collection system to simplify scheme and providing a
      regular supply of sacks rather than asking residents to telephone for more.
     Five vehicles working a six day week (with one vehicle in reserve). The
      vehicles had 2 compartments. The smaller compartment was planned to allow
      regular compostable waste collections to be implemented at a later date.
     Sending materials to Western Riverside Waste Authority’s Materials
      Recycling Facility.
     Implementing a borough-wide waste minimisation and recycling awareness
      campaign was implemented to support the roll out of the collection scheme.
     Regular monitoring, evaluation and analyses of material collected and
      participation rates.
Project Partners
     Onyx UK Ltd (Vehicles and Staff); Western Riverside Waste Authority (Handle
      Recyclables); Waste Watch (Education and Awareness Campaign); Strategy
      Matters Inc (Planning and Monitoring Changes)
Success Factors
     The recruitment of extra monitoring staff was cancelled as existing Street
      Care and Waste Management Officers could undertake the necessary duties.
     The project exceeded expectations during 2003-04 in terms of tonnage output
      exceeding the proposed additional 5,000 tonnes figure by 50%.
     The single orange sack system for co-mingled recyclables has worked well
      and has now been adopted by the neighbouring London Boroughs of
      Hammersmith & Fulham and Lambeth.
Lessons Learnt
     The misuse of orange sacks was controlled and improved (e.g. not collecting
      misused sacks but returning them to the householder with advice and
      ultimately serving notice under section 46 of the EPA 1990).
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                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

      Publicity messages were refined in response to feed back from residents and
       analysis of incorrectly sorted recyclables.
RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: recycling awareness campaign-leaflets; 5
kerbside recycling vehicles and operatives; kerbside containers.
Detailed Costs
                                                         Subsequent
                             2002/03       2003/04                          Total
                                                           Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital                -         £639,930            -          £639,930
     LRF Revenue                 -         £720,000            -          £720,000
       Total LRF                 -        £1,359,930           -         £1,359,930
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding      £41,000       £731,000        £1,502,000    £2,274,000
 Other Public Funding           -          £200,000         £200,000      £400,000
 Private Sector funding         -              -                -             -
Total Non LRF Funding        £41,000       £931,000        £1,702,000    £2,674,000
 Total project funding       £41,000      £2,290,000       £1,702,000    £4,033,930
      Collection cost per tonne material recycled: £126 (calculated by Borough
       based on 03-04 tonnage and ongoing cost of service)
      Cost per household served per week: £0.39p (estimated by Borough)
PROJECT OUTPUTS
                Q1           Q2           Q3              Q4               Total
             Additional  Additional   Additional      Additional
                                                                         Additional
2003/04        1,692        1,692        2,380           2,443
                                                                        7,477 tonnes
              tonnes       tonnes       tonnes          tonnes
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start    20.4
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end      29.5
Participation     35-45%

 Year      Quarter                                Output
2002/03      Q4     No outputs recorded
             Q1     83,000 leaflets & rolls of sacks delivered, all vehicles received
             Q2     83,000 leaflets & rolls of sacks delivered
2003/04
             Q3     83,000 leaflets & rolls of sacks delivered
             Q4     83,000 leaflets & rolls of sacks delivered
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                                     9.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                                    10.5%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                             18%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Wandsworth
Project Manager: Richard Hobbs, Head of Waste Management
Address: The Town Hall, Wandsworth High Street, London, SW18 2PU
Telephone: 020 8871 6938               E-Mail:     rhobbs@wandsworth.gov.uk
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                  LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

8.   WASTE MINIMISATION

 Table 10 Summary of projects funded under the LRF Category “Waste Minimisation”

                                                      Project




                                            CROYDON


                                                         NEWHAM


                                                                  LONDON
                                                                   NORTH
                London wide
      Scale     Multiple Boroughs                                  ♦
                Borough                 ♦                ♦
                Home Composting         ♦                ♦
     Methods
                Charity Shop                                       ♦
                New scheme              ♦                ♦         ♦
      Status    Expansion
                Improvement
                Qualitative                 ♦            ♦         ♦
                Quantitative                ♦                      ♦
     Output
                Measured impact on                                 ♦
                recycling
                <£200,000                   ♦            ♦         ♦
      Cost      £200,000 - £500,000
                >500,000




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

LONDON BOROUGH OF CROYDON
HOME COMPOSTING (Ref: 6.54)

Category: Waste Minimisation           Project Date:     Funding: February 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £75,000            Total LRF Funding: £37,500
Households in Borough: 137,980         Households in Scheme: 7,500
Project Aim
To reduce the quantity of organic waste entering the municipal waste stream
through the provision and promotion of home composting bins.
Key Characteristics
     Straight Recycling were commissioned to take orders from residents and
      deliver 7,500 composting bins at a subsidised rate of £5 per bin.
      Householders could purchase additional bins at a cost of £12 per bin.
     Croydon advertised and promoted the use of the composting bins in the
      Council magazine, the local press and the newsletter for council tenants.
     The contractor maintains a list of all properties supplied with home compost
      bins and contact with residents who have the composting bins was planned in
      the second phase of work was to assess the usage.
Project Partners
     Straight Recycling
Success Factors
     First phase promotion in Council magazine gave a higher response, but was
      short-lived. Further promotion by flyer in the local newspaper gave higher
      and longer-lasting response.
Lessons Learnt
     Internal reorganisation of the recycling promotion work and a delay in
      recruiting a promotions officer meant that promotional activities were delayed.




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: home composting bins.
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                        Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital              -         £37,500           -           £37,500
     LRF Revenue               -            -              -              -
       Total LRF               -         £37,500           -           £37,500
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding        -             -             -               -
 Other Public Funding          -             -             -               -
 Private Sector funding
(Public purchasing bins        -         £37,500           -           £37,500
     at £5 per unit)
Total Non LRF Funding          -         £37,500           -           £37,500
 Total project funding         -         £75,000           -           £75,000
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £2.94 (estimated by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £0.11p (estimated by Borough)
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                              Output
             Q1     Promotion arranged in Croydon Reports, composters ordered
             Q2     No outputs recorded
2003/04
             Q3     200 composters delivered
             Q4     4500 composters delivered
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                            15.4%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                            13.1%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                    28%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Croydon
Project Manager: Eddy Taylor
Address: Environmental Services, Taberner House, Park Lane, Croydon, CR9 3BT
Telephone: 020 8760 5791              E-Mail: eddy_taylor@croydon.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

NEWHAM
HOME COMPOSTING AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCHERS (Ref: 7.89)

Category: Waste Minimisation          Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                      Operational: Quarter 4 03/04
Total Project Cost: £67,500           Total LRF Funding: £67,500
Households in Borough: 93,000         Households in Scheme: NA
Project Aim
To encourage diversion of organic waste through the provision of composting bins
to schools and households and the appointment of environmental researchers to
promote home composting and the borough’s other recycling services door to door.
Key Characteristics
     Obtained quotes for the provision of composting bins and associated literature
      from which supplier was chosen, Straight Recycling Ltd.
     Environmental researchers were employed through agencies.                The
      requirements for the researchers were that they had additional language skills
      to cater for the mixed community within Newham.
     Schools were offered composting bins free of charge for the use of children
      and parents and to contribute to recycling and composting education in
      schools. Additional work was undertaken in schools to raise the profile of
      home composting.
     Composters were offered to residents at a subsidised rate of £4.00 and £5.00
      on a first come first served basis.
     The scheme was advertised through the Newham Recorder, the Newham
      Magazine (delivered to all households) and the housing publication streetlife.
      The scheme was also advertised through the Newham webside from which
      orders could be placed for the composting bins.
     Money raised through the subsidised purchase of composters was ploughed
      back into the scheme.
Project Partners
     No financial partners but Straight Recycling Ltd provided and delivered the
      composters and 2 agencies were used to provide Environmental
      Researchers.
Success Factors
     The borough reported increased tonnages and participation levels resulting
      from the doorstepping exercise.
Lessons Learnt
     None reported to date




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                    LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: home composters for schools and
households and the employment of environmental researchers.
Detailed Costs
                                                     Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                       Total
                                                       Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -        £50,000           -          £50,000
     LRF Revenue                -        £17,500           -          £17,500
       Total LRF                -        £67,500           -          £67,500
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -           -              -             -
 Other Public Funding           -           -              -             -
 Private Sector funding         -           -              -             -
Total Non LRF Funding           -           -              -             -
 Total project funding          -        £67,500           -          £67,500
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £NA
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
PROJECT OUTPUTS
 Year     Quarter                               Output
            Q3      Home composter provider selected and bins on sale to
                    householders, 4 agency staff appointed
2003/04
             Q4     Distributed / sold composting bins and maximum visits by
                    environmental researchers
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2001/02                              2.6%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2002/03                              4.2%
BVPI recycling & composting rate 2003/04 (target)                     10%
AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
Authority: London Borough of Newham
Project Manager: Sally Cracknell
Address: Central Depot, Folkestone Road, London, E6 6BX
Telephone: 020 8430 3960              E-Mail: sally.cracknell@newham.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

NORTH LONDON WASTE AUTHORITY
CHAPS REUSE AND RECYCLING GOOD PRACTICE MODEL (Ref: 7.90)

Category: Waste Minimisation           Project Date:     Funding: October 2003
                                                       Operational: Quarter 3 03/04
Total Project Cost: £31,738           Total LRF Funding: £21,388
Households in Borough: 720,962         Households in Scheme: NA
Project Aim
To develop the North London CHAPS (Charity and Public Sector) Reuse and
Recycling Good Practice Model. This aimed to develop good working practice
between local authorities and shops across North London through the payment of
recycling and reuse credits to participating charity shops in return for contributions
to the authorities recycling rates.
Key Characteristics
     Charity shops were estimated to dispose of 10 - 15 tonnes of textiles per
      annum from each shop which was excluded from authority recycling figures
      before the project.
     A sample of charities was chosen to take part in the study who designated
      shops across North London to take part.
     The reprocessors used by the charities were contacted to provide information
      on tonnages collected for the study.
     Recycling credits were paid by North London Waste Authority and reuse
      credits of an equal value were contributed by the London Recycling Fund.
     A good practice model was produced which could be used by other
      authorities.
Project Partners
     Association of Charity Shops (ACS), London Community Recycling Network
      (London CRN), London Borough of Hackney, London Borough of Haringey,
      London Borough of Islington, London Borough of Waltham Forest, London
      Borough of Camden, London Borough of Enfield, London Borough of Barnet
Success Factors
     36 shops representing 8 charities and 6 textile reprocessors joined the trial in
      the first 3 months of operation.
Lessons Learnt
     Success required third parties to have considerable expertise and knowledge
      of waste legislation and the recycling credits payments regulations.
     In some cases the textile reprocessors needed to update waste carriers
      licences and waste management licences.
     Charity shops may need better control of duty of care for disposal of textiles
      or for control of income.
     Considerable time was required to persuade textile merchants to provide the
      necessary information but this may offer a competitive advantage.

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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

RESOURCES
Key items included in the project cost: North London Waste Authority funding for
recycling credits and LRF funding for reuse credits and administration.
Detailed Costs
                                                      Subsequent
                            2002/03      2003/04                         Total
                                                        Years
     LRF funding
      LRF Capital               -           -               -              -
     LRF Revenue                -        £21,388            -           £21,388
       Total LRF                -        £21,388            -           £21,388
   Non-LRF funding
Waste Authority Funding         -        £10,350            -           £10,350
 Other Public Funding           -           -               -              -
 Private Sector funding         -           -               -              -
Total Non LRF Funding           -        £10,350            -           £10,350
 Total project funding          -        £31,738            -           £31,738
     Cost per tonne material recycled: £86.83 (predicted by Borough)
     Cost per household served per week: £NA
Non-financial resources
     Management provided by North London Waste Authority, ACS and LCRN.
PROJECT OUTPUTS
              Q1          Q2              Q3                Q4          Total
                                  60 tonnes recycled
2003/04                                                     NA           NA
                                   28 tonnes reused
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project start                NA
Kg recycled by the scheme/household/year at project end                  NA




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                     LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004


    Year          Quarter                                 Output
                    Q3           ACS developed mechanism to co-ordinate recycling credit
                                 claims, 36 shops and 8 Charities taking part, 6 textile
  2003/04
                                 reprocessors taking part
                    Q4           NA




                                                                                          Haringey
                                                                   Islington


                                                                               Waltham




                                                                                                      Hackney
                                              Camden



                                                        Enfield
                                   Barnet




                                                                                Forest
BVPI recycling/composting rate
                                 8.4%       14.5%      8.7%       5.5%         8.2%      4.6%        1.2%
01/02
BVPI recycling/composting
                                 12.1%      16.1%      11.7%      5.8%         10.2%     4.4%        2.6%
rate 02/03
BVPI recycling/composting
                                  18%        22%       18%        10%          12%       10%         10%
target 03/04
  AUTHORITY CONTACT DETAILS
  Authority: North London Waste Authority
  Project Manager: Will Gardiner
  Address: Park View Road Depot, Ashley Road, Tottenham, London, N17 9AY
  Telephone: 020 8489 5798           E-Mail: will.gardiner@nlondon-waste.gov.uk




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                   LONDON RECYCLING FUND 2002 – 2004

9.   OVERALL SUCCESS FACTORS AND LESSONS LEARNT
Success Factors
Common success factors reported for the projects included partnership working and
the positive effects of promotional and education exercises especially those that
involve direct face to face contact with the householders.
Projects using co-mingled collections and then a Materials Recycling Facility to sort
materials reported increased efficiency.

Lessons Learnt
Most of the projects requiring the delivery of new vehicles or containers experienced
delays in delivery from the manufacturers. This may be partly due to the significant
increase in the number of new recycling schemes put in place across the country
between 2002 and 2004. However, these delays should be borne in mind when
implanting a new scheme.
Recruitment and contract letting was also found to take longer than anticipated in
many cases. Obtaining planning permission and Environment Agency licences also
caused delays.
Vandalism was reported as a common problem with Estates recycling projects.




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10. GLOSSARY
Association of London Government the Association representing all the
London boroughs and the Corporation of London.
Best Practicable Environmental Option (BPEO) a BPEO is the
outcome of a systematic and consultative decision making procedure that
emphasises the protection and conservation of the environment across land, air and
water. The BPEO procedure establishes, for a given set of objectives, the option
that provides the most benefits or the least damage to the environment as a whole,
at acceptable costs, in the long term as well as in the short term.
Best Value Government programme to seek continuous improvement in service
quality in the way in which authorities exercise their functions.
Best Value Performance Indicator (BVPI) is a national measure of
performance, set by central government. There are currently 97 BVPI’s (excluding
Fire), which cover many, but not all aspects of services provided by local councils.
BVPIs 82a and 82b relate to recycling and composting rates achieved by a local
council.
Biodegradable waste is defined in Council Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill
of waste as meaning any waste that is capable of undergoing anaerobic or aerobic
decomposition, such as food and garden waste, and paper and paperboard.
Biomass is defined in the Renewables Obligation Order 2002 as meaning fuel
used in a generating station of which at least 98 per cent of the energy content
(measured over a period of one month) is derived from plant or animal matter or
substances derived directly or indirectly therefrom (whether or not such matter or
substances are waste) and includes agricultural, forestry or wood wastes or
residues, sewage and energy crops (provided that such plant or animal matter is not
or is not derived directly or indirectly from fossil fuel).
Bring Recycling refers to a recycling site, see recycling site. Known as such,
as the recycler has to ‘bring’ their materials to the site.
Central Composting large-scale schemes which handle kitchen and garden
waste from households and which may also accept suitable waste from parks and
gardens.
Civic Amenity Sites sites operated by either the Waste Disposal Authority
(under the Environmental Protection Act 1990) or the local waste authority (under
the Refuse Disposal (Amenity) Act 1978) where residents within a specified area
can dispose of their household waste, in particular bulky waste, free of charge. The
focus of these sites is due to change to concentrate on reuse and recycling. Also
see Reuse and Recycling Centre.
Civic Amenity Waste a sub-group of household waste, normally delivered by
the public direct to sites provided by the local authority. Consists generally of bulky
items such as beds, cookers and garden waste as well as recyclables.
Commercial Waste waste arising from premises which are wholly or mainly for
trade, business, sport, recreation or entertainment as defined in Schedule 4 of the
Controlled Waste Regulations 1992.
Community Sector including charities, campaign organisations and notfor- profit
companies.

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Composting this is the biological degradation of organic materials, such as
garden and kitchen waste, in the presence of oxygen producing gas and residue
suitable for use as a soil improver (see anaerobic digestion, central composting and
home composting).
Controlled Waste household, industrial or commercial waste as set out in the
Controlled Waste Regulations 1992.
Construction and Demolition Waste waste arising from the construction,
repair, maintenance and demolition of buildings and structures, including roads. It
consists mostly of brick, concrete, hardcore, subsoil and topsoil, but it can contain
quantities of timber, metal, plastics and occasionally special (hazardous) waste
materials.
Environment Agency (England and Wales) The Environment Agency for
England and Wales was formed by the Environment Act 1995. It took over the
functions and responsibilities of its predecessor organisations, the National Rivers
Authority, Her Majesty’s Inspectorate of Pollution, the 83 Waste Regulators of
England and Wales and a number of smaller Waste Technical Departments from
the (former) Department for the Environment, Transport and the Regions. Amongst
other things the Agency’s functions and duties include the management of
radioactive waste, other forms of waste and industrial pollution control. The Agency
has been given a key role in implementing the National Waste Strategy and
undertook the National Commercial and Industrial survey of Waste Arisings. It also
regulates the waste industry through, amongst other things, the waste management
licensing regime.
Environmental Protection Act 1990 (EPA 90) a new regulatory regime
that came into force in 1990. It is designed to implement an approach to prevent
harm to human health and the environment by ensuring an integrated (air, land and
water) approach to environmental regulation and protection.
Fly-tipping the illegal deposit of waste on land.
Government Office for London GOL is one of the nine regional offices of
Central Government, which co-ordinates the work of Central Government
Departments in the Regions.
Greater London The geographical area encompassed by the 32 London
boroughs and the City of London, representing most of the continuous built-up area
of London and covering 1600 KM 2 .
Greater London Assembly The directly-elected London regional body
comprising 14 constituency members and 11 pan-London members. A component
of the Greater London Authority.
Greater London Authority The organisation responsible for carrying out the
functions set out in the Greater London Authority Act, including the Mayor,
Assembly and four functional bodies: the London Development Agency, Transport
for London, the Metropolitan Police Authority and the London Fire and Emergency
Planning Authority. There is a clear separation of powers within the GLA between
the Mayor – who has an executive role, making decisions on behalf of the GLA –
and the London Assembly, which has a scrutiny role.
Household Waste all waste collected by Waste Collection Authorities under
section 45(1) of the Environmental Protection Act 1990, plus all waste arisings from
Civic Amenity sites and waste collected by third parties for which collection or
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disposal credits are paid under Section 52 of the Environmental Protection Act
1990. Household waste includes waste from collection rounds of domestic
properties (including separate rounds for the collection of recyclables), street
cleansing and litter collection, beach cleansing, bulky household waste collections,
hazardous household waste collections, household clinical waste collections,
garden waste collections, Civic Amenity wastes, drop-off/’bring’ systems, clearance
of fly-tipped wastes, weekend skip services and any other household waste
collected by the waste authorities. Household waste accounts for approximately
four-fifths of London’s municipal waste.
Home Composting compost can be made at home using a traditional compost
heap, a purpose designed container, or a wormery.
Inert waste is defined in Council Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste
as waste that does not undergo any significant physical, chemical or biological
transformations. Inert waste will not dissolve, burn or otherwise physically or
chemically react, biodegrade or adversely affect other matter with which it comes
into contact in a way likely to give rise to environmental pollution or harm human
health. The total leachability and pollutant content of the waste and the ecotoxicity
of the leachate must be insignificant, and in particular not endanger the quality of
surface water and/or groundwater.
Integrated Waste Management involves a number of key elements, including:
recognising each step in the waste management process as part of a whole;
involving all key players in the decision-making process and utilising a mixture of
waste management options within the locally determined sustainable waste
management system.
Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) the Integrated
Pollution Prevention and Control Directive (96/61/EC Directive), as implemented in
the Pollution Prevention and Control Regulations 2000, is designated to prevent or,
where that is not possible, to reduce pollution from a range of industrial and other
installations, including some waste management facilities, by means of integrated
permitting processes based on the application of best available techniques.
Kerbside Collection any regular collection of recyclable from premises, which
can include collections from commercial or industrial premises as well as
households. Excludes collection services delivered on demand. Also see recycling
collections from homes
Land Use Planning the Town and Country Planning system regulates the
development and use of land in the public interest, and has an important role to play
in achieving sustainable waste management.
Landfill Sites are areas of land in which waste is deposited. Landfill sites are
often located in disused quarries or mines. In areas where there are limited, or no
ready-made voids, the practice of landraising is sometimes carried out, where some
or all of the waste is deposited above ground, and the landscape is contoured.
Landfill Tax landfill operators are liable for tax on all consignments of waste
disposed at landfill, except for certain exempt categories of waste. The rate of tax
for 2002/03 is £2 per tonne for inert waste and £13 per tonne for non-inert waste
(and set to rise to £1 per year to £15 per tonne by 2005).
Landfill Tax Credit Scheme the tax is paid quarterly to the Inland Revenue.
The Landfill Tax Credit scheme allows up to 20 per cent of the funds generated by
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the tax to be channelled into bodies with environmental objectives. The aim of the
scheme mirrors those of the tax, in that it aims to help projects which benefit
communities in the vicinity of landfill sites, therefore helping to compensate for the
local environmental impacts of landfilling. The system of registering Environmental
Bodies and approving projects is overseen by ENTRUST.
Licensed Site a waste disposal or treatment facility, which is licensed under the
Environmental Protection Act for that function.
Local Authority Waste Disposal Company (LAWDC) – s32. of the
Environmental Protection Act 1990 required that waste disposal functions be
discharged through waste disposal contractors. This could be either a private
business or arms length companies formed by the Waste Disposal Authority.
LAWDCs are the arms length companies formed from WDA's.
Mayoral Strategies the Mayor is required by the Greater London Authority Act
1999 to produce eight strategies that together will lay out a blueprint for the future of
London. These are Air Quality, Ambient Noise, Biodiversity, Cultural, Economic
Development, Spatial Development (the London Plan), Transport and Municipal
Waste Management. In addition to these eight statutory strategies, the Mayor (using
his general power to do anything which he considers will further one of his three
principal purposes) is developing policy initiatives across a wide range of other
areas important to Londoners’ lives. These include homelessness, domestic
violence, drug and alcohol abuse, children and others. There will also be an Energy
Strategy.
MRF (Material Reclamation Facility) a transfer station for the storage
and segregation of recyclable materials. Also sometimes known as Material
Recycling Facility or Materials Recovery Facility.
Multi-Material Kerbside Collection (MMKC) the collection from homes
of more than one type of material for recycling. The collection can be made using a
box, or boxes, from which materials are sorted into separate containers on a
collection vehicle or could be mixed together in a bag and sorted later at a MRF.
Municipal Waste – see Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) this includes all waste under the control of
local authorities or agents acting on their behalf. It includes all household waste,
street litter, waste delivered to council recycling points, municipal parks and gardens
wastes, council office waste, Civic Amenity waste, and some commercial waste
from shops and smaller trading estates where local authorities have waste
collection agreements in place. It can also include industrial waste collected by a
waste collection authority with authorisation of the waste disposal authority.
New Deal for Communities a central Government initiative that supports the
intensive regeneration schemes that deal with problems such as poor educational
attainment and poor job prospects in a small number of deprived local authorities.
Recycling involves the reprocessing of waste, either into the same product or a
different one. Many non-hazardous industrial wastes such as paper, glass,
cardboard, plastics and scrap metals can be recycled. Special wastes such as
solvents can also be recycled by specialist companies, or by in-house equipment.
Recycling collections from homes refers to any regular collection of
recyclables from households, often using a bag, separate wheeled bin or a box.

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Excludes collection services delivered on demand. Commonly referred to a
‘kerbside’ or ‘door to door’ collections.
Recycling Site a group of containers for the collection of a variety of materials
for recycling. Often located in supermarket or public building car parks or on street
corners. Commonly referred to as ‘bottle banks’ but usually collecting a variety of
materials. Also see bring site.
Reduction achieving as much waste reduction as possible is a priority action.
Reduction can be accomplished within a manufacturing process involving the
review of production processes to optimise utilisation of raw (and secondary)
materials and recirculation processes. It can be cost effective, both in terms of lower
disposal costs, reduced demand for raw materials and energy costs. It can be
carried out by householders through actions such as home composting, reusing
products and buying goods with reduced packaging.
Residual waste is that portion of the waste stream collected by local authorities
which is not re-used, recycled or composted and remains to be treated through the
recovery of energy and/or materials or through disposal to landfill.
Residues are secondary waste materials requiring further treatment or disposal
following a waste recycling, composting or treatment process. For example, bottom
ash following the incineration of waste or contaminated recyclable material from
Material Reclamation Facility.
Reuse can be practised by the commercial sector with the use of products
designed to be used a number of times, such as reusable packaging. Householders
can purchase products that use refillable containers, or reuse plastic bags. The
processes contribute to sustainable development and can save raw materials,
energy and transport costs.
Reuse and Recycling Centres are Civic Amenity sites which have changed
their emphasis in operation from disposal towards reuse and recycling. Also see
Civic Amenity sites.
Separate Collection recycling collection schemes from homes where
materials for recycling are collected either by different vehicle or at a different time
to the ordinary household waste collection.
Social Exclusion a shorthand term for what can happen when people or areas
suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills,
low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family
breakdown.
Sustainable Development development that is sustainable is that which can
meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations
to meet their own needs.
Sustainable Waste Management means using material resources efficiently,
to cut down on the amount of waste we produce. And where waste is generated,
dealing with it in a way that actively contributes to the economic, social and
environmental goals of sustainable development.
Treatment involves the chemical or biological processing of certain types of
waste for the purposes of rendering them harmless, reducing volumes before
landfilling, or recycling certain wastes.

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Unitary Authority a local authority, which has the responsibilities of both
Waste Collection and Waste Disposal Authorities.
Waste the strict legal definition of waste is extremely complex but it encompasses
most unwanted material which has fallen out of the commercial cycle or chain of
utility, which the holder discards, or intends to, or is required to discard.
Waste Arising the amount of waste generated in a given locality over a given
period of time.
Waste Collection Authority (WCA) the authority responsible for arranging
the collection of household waste in their area (in London this is on a boroughwide
basis) and commercial or industrial waste on request. They must also produce a
‘Recycling Plan’. (See recycling plans)
Waste Disposal this is defined by the list of operations that constitute disposal
(for under Part III of Schedule 4 of the Waste Management Licensing Regulations).
This includes landfill, land raising, incineration, permanent storage etc.
Waste Disposal Authority (WDA) the Authority responsible for arranging for
the disposal of waste collected in their area by the Waste Collection Authority. They
also provide sites where householders can deposit waste free of charge (Civic
Amenity sites). Waste Disposal Authorities are the county councils in non-
metropolitan areas. Special arrangements apply in some metropolitan areas and
unitary councils, including London and in other metropolitan areas the District
Councils are the WDA's. See Local Authority Waste Disposal Company (LAWDC).
Waste Hierarchy suggests that: the most effective environmental solution may
often be to reduce the amount of waste generated – reduction; where further
reduction is not practicable, products and materials can sometimes be used again,
either for the same or a different purpose – reuse; failing that, value should be
recovered from waste, through recycling, composting or energy recovery from
waste; only if none of the above offer an appropriate solution should waste be
disposed.
Waste Management Industry the businesses (and not-for-profit organisations)
involved in the collection, management and disposal of waste.
Waste Management Licensing a waste management licence (operated and
enforced by the Environment Agency) authorises the treatment, keeping or disposal
of waste. These are separate but complimentary to the Land Use Planning System.
See Exemptions from Licensing.
Waste Recycling Credits payments have to be made by a Waste Disposal
Authority to a Waste Collection Authority who retains waste for recycling. This
amount is intended to represent the net saving of expenditure on the disposal
should it have been disposed of. There is also provision to pass savings in both
collection and disposal costs to voluntary bodies or other who organise recycling
schemes.
Waste Transfer Station a site to which waste is delivered for sorting prior to
transfer to another place for recycling, treatment or disposal.




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11. INDEX BY LONDON BOROUGH

 Barnet .................. 43, 92, 132, 133, 134, 150, 151
 Bexley .................. 15, 55, 57, 58, 88, 89, 90, 91
 Brent .................... 104, 105, 120
 Bromley................ 13, 15, 16
 Camden ............... 43, 44, 63, 65, 92, 150, 151
 Chelsea................ 13, 26, 55, 67, 68
 Croydon ............... 13, 17, 18, 33, 36, 37, 39, 40, 96, 106, 107, 109, 146, 147
 Ealing ................... 37, 42, 98, 99, 100, 120
 Enfield .................. 37, 43, 44, 45, 63, 65, 92, 113, 150, 151
 Fulham ................. 116
 Greenwich ............ 13, 23, 24, 31, 59, 71, 88, 91
 Hackney ............... 43, 44, 55, 60, 92, 93, 132, 133, 134, 150
 Hammersmith....... 142
 Haringey .............. 43, 44, 45, 63, 65, 92, 118, 119, 150, 151
 Harrow ................. 37, 47, 48, 120, 121, 137
 Havering .............. 88
 Hillingdon ............. 120, 123
 Hounslow ............. 37, 49, 50, 55, 61, 62, 98, 99, 100, 120, 124, 125
 Islington ............... 43, 44, 55, 63, 65, 92, 150, 151
 Kensington ........... 13, 26, 55, 67, 68
 Kingston ............... 13, 28, 55, 69, 70, 95, 127
 Lambeth ............... 129, 142
 Lewisham ............. 31, 55, 71, 73, 80, 88, 90, 91
 Merton.................. 55, 74, 75, 96, 130, 131
 Newham ............... 13, 29, 30, 110, 111, 148, 149
 Redbridge ............ 55, 77, 88, 137
 Richmond ............. 55, 78, 79, 98, 99, 100, 120, 138, 139
 Southwark ............ 31, 37, 51, 52, 55, 71, 80, 81, 90, 91, 141
 Sutton .................. 97
 Tower Hamlets ..... 13, 32, 37, 54, 55, 82, 83, 88
 Waltham Forrest .. 43, 44, 45, 65, 132, 134, 151
 Wandsworth ......... 142, 143
 Westminster ......... 55, 84, 85




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