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									Truck Size & Weight Reform




Timothy Lynch                    Talking Freight
Senior Vice President            May 20, 2009
American Trucking Associations
 Need for Size and Weight Reform

Safety

Energy and environment

Meet customer demands

Insufficient infrastructure capacity
2002 Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic
2035 Annual Average Daily Truck Traffic
                Growth in Tonnage
            Total Increase from 2009 to 2020
 70%
                                        Rail Intermodal
 60%
                                         Air
 50%

 40%
                                        Trucking
 30%
                                        Rail Carload
 20%
                                         Waterborne
 10%
                                        Pipeline
  0%
                      2009            2020

Sources: IHS Global Insight and ATA
    Distribution of Tonnage by Mode: 2008 vs 2020
                       Rail Intermodal    Air                           Rail Intermodal    Air
                             1.1%        0.1%                                 1.5%        0.1%
            Pipeline                                            Pipeline
             9.9%                                                8.5%


                                                        Water
    Water                                               5.7%
    6.3%




                                                           Rail Carload
        Rail Carload                                         13.3%
          13.8%




                                                Truck
                                                68.8%                                            Truck
                                                                                                 70.9%




                          2008                                               2020

Source: U.S. Freight Transportation Forecast to…2020
                   Historical Tonnage by Mode
Billions of Tons

  11                                          JIT/Supply Chain
  10
                                                                 Truck
   9
   8         Interstate Highway
   7
   6
   5
   4
   3                                                             Rail
    2
    1
    0
          1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005

  Sources: ATA & U.S. Freight Transportation Forecast to…2020
           Growth in Truck Population
Millions of Trucks
 3.0
                           Class 8




 2.5                 Classes 6/7




 2.0                      Classes 3-5




 1.5
                 2008                        2014      2020
Source: U.S. Freight Transportation Forecast to…2020
  Environmental Requirements =
          More Weight
APU – 400 lbs
   Federal weight exemption
2002 engines – approx. 338 lbs
2007 engines – approx. 275 lbs
2010 engines – est. 400 lbs

TOTAL = 1,400+ lbs
California impact?
            More Productive Trucks Save Fuel
            Fuel Used to Deliver 1,000 Tons 500 Miles or
            100,000 cubic feet 1,000 miles

          4500
                    3,889
          4000

          3500
                                    3,215
          3000
Gallons




          2500
                                                  2,034
          2000
                                                                1,510
          1500

          1000

           500

             0
                 TST 80,000 lbs   RMD 120,000   Double 4,200   Triple 6,300
                                     lbs         Cubic Feet     cubic feet
   Truck Size and Weight Reform
Some Interstate weight limits in many states
frozen in time for more than 50 years.
No major weight increase in 35 years
   73,280 lbs to 80,000 lbs in 1974.
Weight increased 9% in 50 years.
1991 LCV freeze
Requests for Exemptions (Logging etc)
 Operating Equipment Productivity: Ocean Intermodal - Volume


       18,000    Percentage change in TEU
       16,000    capacity = 300%
       14,000
       12,000
       10,000
TEUs




        8,000
        6,000
        4,000
        2,000
            0
                    1980          1990          2000   2010

Source: Wilbur Smith Associates          Year
Operating Equipment Productivity: Rail Intermodal
- Volume
               700,000

               600,000
                         Percentage change in
                         capacity = 200%
               500,000
  Cubic Feet




               400,000

               300,000

               200,000

               100,000

                     0
                          1980      1990          2000   2010
                                           Year
Source: Wilbur Smith Associates
           Operating Equipment Productivity:
           Grain/Coal Trains - Weight
           20,000
           18,000
                    Percentage change in
           16,000
                    capacity = 93%
           14,000
           12,000
    Tons




           10,000
            8,000
            6,000
            4,000
            2,000

               0

                        1980      1990          2000   2010

Source: Wilbur Smith Associates          Year
Operating Equipment Productivity: Truck - Volume
                   7000

                   6000
      Cubic Feet




                   5000

                   4000

                   3000
                          Percentage change in
                   2000
                          capacity = 18%
                   1000

                      0
                           1980      1990          2000   2010
                                            Year


 Source: Wilbur Smith Associates
Operating Equipment Productivity: Truck - Weight
               90000
               80000
               70000
               60000
      Pounds




               50000
               40000
               30000
                       Percentage change in
               20000
                       capacity = 9%
               10000
                   0
                           1980    1990          2000   2010

                                          Year


 Source: Wilbur Smith Associates
Comparative Growth in Modal Operating Equipment
Productivity
Percent
Change
                                                              Ship Cube
 300 %

 250 %
                                                              Train Cube
 200 %
                                                              Train Weight
 150 %

 100 %

  50 %
                                                              Truck Cube
       0
                                                              Truck Weight

              1980                1990          2000   2010

Source: Wilbur Smith Associates          Year
    STANDARDIZE 53’ TRAILER

Increase minimum trailer length on National
Network from 48’ to 53’

Cap trailer length on NN at 53’
   States currently allowing longer trailers grandfathered
      WGA Harmonization Study
              States
Colorado               North Dakota
Idaho                  Oklahoma
Kansas                 Oregon
Montana                South Dakota
Nebraska               Utah
Nevada                 Washington
                       Wyoming
Light Rocky Mountain Double
    7+ Axles, Maximum GVW – 117,000 Pounds
    Maximum Combined Trailer Length 81 Feet
    Maximum Trailer Lengths
        Front – 48 Feet*, Rear – 28.5 Feet
    Restricted to National Network
    * ATA suggests use of 53ft trailer
Heavy Intermediate Length Double
   9-11 Axles, Maximum GVW – 129,000 Pounds
   Maximum Combined Trailer Length 81 Feet
   Trailer Lengths
        Front – 40 Feet, Rear – 24 Feet
   Restricted to National Network
• Long Doubles
   •9+ Axles
   •Maximum Trailer Length 45* Feet or 48* Feet
   •Maximum GVW 129,000 Pounds
   •Restricted to Interstate Highways
   • * ATA suggests use of 53 ft trailers
Triples
  7-8 Axles, Maximum GVW – 110,000 Pounds
  Maximum Trailer Lengths – 28.5 Feet
  Restricted to Interstate System
  Use of “Marshaling Yards”
  Single Trailer Weight Increase

Maintain current federal axle weight and bridge
formula limits, but lift the 80,000 lbs GVW cap
Single-trailer trucks with a GVW of 97,000 lbs
   Six axles, including a tridem axle on the rear of the
   trailer
   Maximum weight on the tridem axle limited to 51,000
   lbs
   H.R. 1799
    Benefits of the 6-Axle Truck
Safety
   Similar operational characteristics to 5-axle
   Reduced VMT lowers accident exposure
Fuel consumption and emissions reduced 17%
per ton-mile after accounting for MPG loss
Lower VMT should produce a small but
measurable reduction in congestion
Will bring down transportation costs, thus
lowering overall U.S. manufacturing, agricultural
and retail costs
   Benefits of the 6-Axle Truck
Pavement maintenance costs reduced $2.5
billion over 20 years
Bridges
   State flexibility whether and where to allow trucks
   to operate will allow states to minimize cost
   impacts
   Shifting heavy trucks from local roads to Interstates
   will lower costs in some states
Harmonization with international community
   LCV Operations Beyond the
   Western Uniformity Region

On a case-by-case basis, support local, state and
regional efforts to improve truck productivity and
expand LCV routes that meet appropriate safety
standards.
Lift the 80,000 lbs GVW cap for STAA doubles
(double 28.5’ trailers).
Allow double trailers longer than 28.5’ (e.g. double
33’ trailers).
Autohauler 10% Weight Tolerance
More than 52% of motor vehicles sold minivans,
pick-ups, SUVs.
While larger vehicle sales are declining, sales of
hybrids are increasing
Large hybrid SUVs weigh up to 1,900 pounds
more than non-hybrid version of the same vehicle
Weight of a hybrid passenger car can exceed non-
hybrid weight by more than four hundred pounds.
THREE TRUCKS OR TWO – WHAT’S NOT TO LIKE?




TO MOVE SIX STEEL COILS YOU NEED   TO MOVE SIX STEEL COILS YOU
                                   NEED
3 TRACTORS                         2 TRACTORS
3 TRAILER                          2 TRAILERS
3 DRIVERS                          2 DRIVERS
Real-World Impacts of Heavier Trucks
        International Paper
 Reduce # of trucks needed to service Courtland,
 Ala. plant from 600 to 450 per week
 94,200 fewer miles
 130,000 lbs less CO2
 5,250,000 lbs less truck weight on highways
Real-World Impacts of Heavier Trucks
            Kraft Foods
2,150 truckloads per year from Champaign, IL to
Norcross, GA could be reduced to 1,650
   312,500 fewer miles
   33,000 gallons less fuel
   730,000 pounds CO2
Nationwide Impacts
   66,000 fewer loads
   33 million fewer miles driven
   6.6 million gallons of fuel saved
   73,000 tons CO2 emissions eliminated
Real-World Impacts of Heavier Trucks
             MillerCoors
2,473 fewer trucks/week, a reduction of 25%
1,115,422 fewer vehicle miles/week
$90,412/week in fuel savings (at $2.25/gallon)
4,538,753 lbs/week in reduced CO2 emissions
86,562,669 lbs/week in reduced wear and tear on
roads and bridges
Thank you!

								
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