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Higher Education and Research Council www.ftt.hu President: Dr. András Jávor Secretary General: Dr. András Várkonyi presentation by Dr. Ágoston Szél member of the Higher Education and Research Council, Vice-Rector of Semmelweis University, Budapest 12. 05. 2011. The Higher Education and Research Council is • an independent board of experts advising the Minister • contributes to the preparation of decisions • delivers opinions, and makes proposals • (with respect to issues of improvement, funding, research and development in higher education). The Council contributes to the preparation of decisions that address the socio-economic embedding of the training and research scheme of higher education, its development and funding, and cooperates in monitoring its implementation. • The Council monitors the linkage between higher education and society, • in particular, labor market demands for professionals with college or university degree. • It makes proposals as to the annual number of students admissible to state-funded training and the distribution of such numbers per the area of study and the level of training. • The Council adopts a position on education policy issues that have a bearing on the linkage between higher education and the labor market, • draws up forecasts on prospective labor market changes, • makes recommendations for the modernization of the training scheme. • The Council comments on the annual draft budget of the higher education system, and • adopts a position on the annual budget report. • It produces analyses and presents proposals in connection with the budget allocated to higher education. • The Council comments on the Higher Education Bill and its draft implementing decrees, • on the draft ministerial decrees regulating higher education. • Upon request of the Minister, the Council delivers an opinion, adopts a position, and puts forward a proposal on any issue that affects higher education. The Council a) when so requested, conveys an opinion on – aa) proposals for institutional development plans, – ab) applications for grants provided on the basis of an agreement, b) may draft a proposal on any issue that concerns higher education, c) may make recommendations for higher education institutions on the initiative of governmental bodies or higher education institutions. The Council requests an opinion from the ministry concerned when adopting the proposal or opinion specified in the Higher Education Act. The Council conveys its opinion on the appointment or release from service of the Commissioner for Educational Rights. The Higher Education and Research Council is comprised of 19 members • 6 members are delegated by chambers, • 3 members by the Hungarian Rectors’ Conference, • 2 members by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, • 2 members by the Minister. • The National Union of Students in Hungary (1), • the Association of Hungarian PhD and DLA Students (1), • the Trade Union of Employees in Higher Education (1), and • the ministers, responsible for Employment, Agriculture and Economy delegate 1 – 1 member each (3). Members of the Hungarian Accreditation Committee, rectors, members of financial boards and civil servants may not become members of the Council. • The Higher Education and Research Council elects its president and other officers from its members, and determines its order of operation. • The members and the president of the Higher Education and Research Council are appointed by the Prime Minister for a period of three years on the recommendation of the Minister. • The mandate may be extended on one occasion. The list of the president and the members of the Higher Education and Research Council shall be disclosed in the Government Gazette of the Republic of Hungary and on the homepage of the ministry headed by the Minister. • Simultaneously with the Higher Education and Research Council, other standing and interim professional and expert committees may be set up. • The expert committees involve the ministers concerned, a representative from each employer organisation of the National Interest Reconciliation Council, one member delegated by the national minority governments. • The Council may employ Hungarian and foreign experts. • The Council is a legal person and consists of the body established above and a secretariat. • The seat of the Council is in Budapest, and it is represented by its president. • The Council is not registered as a public benefit organisation, but exists as a public benefit organisation with special legal status. • The employer’s rights in respect of employees of the secretariat is exercised by the president of the Council. The salaries and leaves of employees at the secretariat of the Council are governed by the provisions applying to public servants. • The operation of the Council is funded from a special appropriation allocated from the budget of the ministry headed by the Minister. • The president of the Council enjoys the right of disposal of the budget of the Council and may not be given instructions in this respect. • The Council may participate in open invitations to proposals in accordance with its functions. • The secretariat is headed by the secretary-general to whom the president of the Council may delegate some of its powers. • The founding charter of the Council is issued by the Minister, and the Council is registered by the registration centre. • The Council prepares its organizational and operating rules being subject to the Minister’s approval. • The Government passes a decree on the establishment of the Council, the conflict of interests as regards membership, termination of membership, the operation of the Council, the execution of its tasks, and the functioning of its secretariat. • The lawful operation of the Council is controlled by the Minister as defined by the Government. Main Elements of the Bologna Process Established in Hungary – as Demonstrated through an Example Comparable degrees Student mobility European Credit Transfer System (ECTS) Medicine Teacher mobility Pharmacy Dentistry Three-cycle education (BSc – MSc) Law exceptions Veterinary Quality assurance medicine Engineering Pedagogy* Two-cycle model University Clinical practice (research) career Specialist training PhD studies 4-6 years 4-5 years 6 years Faculty of Medicine (university) labor market Maturation – „entrance examination” Secondary school Primary school Three-cycle model PhD studies 4-5 years health care manager, etc. Faculty of Health Sciences (MSc) labor market 2 years Faculty of Health Sciences (BSc) labor market 2,5 years nurse, optometrist, etc. Maturation – „entrance examination” Secondary school Primary school Degrees and Titles Hungarian Academy of Sciences (HAS) (full) Professor Doctor of Sciences (DSc) Associate professor (docent) Habilitation (science and education) Adjunct professor PhD – (Dr.) Assistent professor Diploma – MD. (dr.) University positions Degrees and titles The Strategic Basis of New HE Regulations Investments into higher education are commonly known to have the highest yield in human resources – thus, in the economy; In the next decade there will be a demographic decline, and, as a possible consequence, the shrinking number of age group 18-20 is expected; The non-flexible, sequence-type education does not support relevant courses and the LLL; The less effective educational methods result in low quality and less efficient learning; New aspects are formulated and new methods are being established in the accreditation and quality control system of Hungarian HE that support the learning process and gaining skill abilities; The „Research University” title has a good stimulating effect on quality but the sustainable financial support is not guaranteed; Higher education in Hungary is not an appealing investment field for the enterpreneur sphere; There is no clear distinction between innovative research and teachers’ scientific „self development” in HE support system; The problematic preparatory education and smaller number of children result in an insufficient number of talented and devoted students entering HE; The present HE Act tries to impose a uniform management system on the HEIs; The capacity of strategic planning is weak and insufficiently developed in both central and institutional management; There is a risk of over-indebtedness in HE sphere, due to the decreasing governmental support, to the increasing costs of an HEI, and to the excessive central regulations; At present, the general budget aspect does not give any space to selective development; The weak ministerial control in the near past urges more centralization and direct governmental intervention; It is inevitable to apply in central administration intermediate organizations having specific deep knowledge and experience in HE; HE could be governed by a general „framework act” together with a reasonable number of lower level decrees that cover all individual fields; Now, there are available data based information sources for HE, to the continuous system monitoring.
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