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					Quiz 1: Reconstruction

Which of the following is a primary source for the Reconstruction era?
A. Birth of a Nation
B. The Clansman
C. Organization and Principles of the KKK
D. the Wikipedia article on Reconstruction


The southern name for the Civil War is the
A. War Between the Parties
B. War for Confederate Independence
C. War Between the States
D. Northern War


For a war to be a "civil war" the two parties must be
A. in opposition
B. within the same country
C. in different countries
D. differently equipped


Lincoln's election caused southern slaveholders to fear that
A. their property would be taken away
B. Lincoln would start a war
C. the Democratic party would self-destruct
D. the south would be invaded


According to the lecture, the main northern motivation for the Civil War had been:
A. freeing the slaves
B. hatred of the south
C. preserving the Union
D. creating international connections


A good example of an effort at restoration rather than Reconstruction would be:
A. the 15th Amendment
B. the election of Hayes
C. Black Codes
D. the 10% Plan


Document: In the Organization and Principles of the KKK, the first goal is to protect
A. white people
B. the weak, innocent and defenseless
C. the Union
D. the government


Document: The KKK officer roles are named after
A. European politicians
B. frightening mythical figures
C. Greek gods
D. famous generals


Document: The KKK initiation process questions whether the applicant has ever been a
member of the
A. communist party
B. radical Republican party
C. Confederacy
D. Democratic party


Document: The Thirteenth Amendment forbids
A. depriving people of the right to vote
B. racism
C. slavery or involuntary servitude
D. Black Codes


Document: The amendment that grants citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in the
U.S., and therefore includes freed slaves is the
A. Thirteenth
B. Fourteenth
C. Fifteenth
D. Sixteenth


Document: The Fifteenth Amendment says that the right to vote may not be denied or
abridge on the basis of
A. sex
B. race, color, or previous condition of servitude
C. birth in the states that were previously part of the Confederacy
D. debt status


Which was the easiest to get passed through the Radical Republican Congress?
A. The Thirteenth Amendment
B. The Fourteenth Amendment
C. The Fifteenth Amendment
D. the accession of Andrew Johnson


In the Election of 1876, who won the popular vote?
A. Rutherford B. Hayes
B. Samuel Tilden
C. Abraham Lincoln
D. Andrew Johnson


In return for the Democrats agreeing to have Hayes become President, the Republican
party promised to
A. have Tilden become Vice-President
B. an apology in the New York Tribune
C. end Reconstruction in the south
D. pass the Fifteenth Amendment


Even though there was over-planting of cash crops after the war in the south, most
farmers planted them anyway because they
A. thought the price would rise
B. didn't need to plant food since it was imported from the north
C. didn't know any better
D. needed cash to pay taxes to keep their land


Freed slaves couldn't get paid for their labor after the war because
A. no one had the cash to pay them
B. black people were not allowed to receive cash payment
C. they refused to charge their former masters for their services
D. Radical Republicans held their contracts


Document: It is possible that the freed slave Susan Hamlin might have portrayed
slavery as not so bad because she believed the interview was from
A. the north
B. her old master's family
C. the welfare office
D. a black family


Document: Freed slave Susan Hamlin said she wouldn't quarrel with either black or
white because she
A. was mixed blood herself
B. would get in trouble
C. was a unionist
D. believed in equality


Document: In the Organization and Principles of the KKK, which of the following is NOT
a name for one of the officers?
A. Grand Titan of the Dominion
B. Grand Magi
C. Grand Dragon of the Realm
D. Grand Taj Mahal


Document: In the Organization and Principles of the KKK, the First goal of the order is
to
A. hurt black people
B. protect the weak and defenseless
C. divide up the Empire
D. disenfranchise freedmen


Document: It is likely that in the Organization and Principles of the KKK, "protect and
defend the Constitution of the United States" likely refers to defending
A. current federal law
B. the Union
C. the rights of individual states
D. white people


Document: In the interrogations to become a member of the KKK, one is supposed to
be in favor of maintaining the Constitutional rights of
A. women and children
B. the South
C. AfricanAmericans
D. all Americans


Document: The Thirteenth Amendment says that slavery or involuntary servitude is
illegal unless the person is
B. black
B. convicted of a crime
C. from outside the United States
D. under the age of 18


Document: The Fourteenth Amendment says that no one may be deprived of life, liberty
or property
A. without due process of law
B. without their own consent
C. in any way whatsoever
D. even if convicted of a crime


Document: The oath to support the Constitution for all federal offices was instituted by
A. the Thirteenth Amendment
B. the Fourteenth Amendment
C. the Fifteenth Amendment
D. Article II of the Constitution


Document: In Section 4 of the Fourteenth Amendment, the United States government
refuses to pay debts or obligations as a result of
A. pensions
B. services rendered to the United States
C. military service in the Union
D. helping the south rebel or losing a slave


Document: The Fifteenth Amendment states that the right to vote may not be denied on
the basis of race, color, or
A. sex
B. age
C. residence
D. previously being a slave


Quiz 2: The West

The idea that the climate and vegetation of an area makes the culture a certain way is
called
A. geographic determinism
B. cultural amorphism
C. geographic adaptability
D. traditional adaptation

Which of the following was one of the five "civilized" tribes?
A. Sioux
B. Pueblo
C. Cherokee
D. Shawnee


The Cherokee Tobacco Case was important because its decision
A. meant that the Cherokee tribe could not sell tobacco
B. forced the Indians to move to Oklahoma
C. meant that the treaties with Indian "nations" were no longer necessary
D. forced the Mormons to go to Utah


The Plains Tribes
A. were nomadic
B. engaged in farming
C. lived in the southeast
D. had been relocated during the Trail of Tears


The Five "Civilized" Tribes
A. were nomadic
B. engaged in farming
C. lived in the West
D. followed the bison


The Doolittle Commission concluded that since Indian lands were being intruded upon
and and the army was being overzealous in the West:
A. eastern settlers should avoid Indian lands
B. Indian lands needed to be negotiated by treaty
C. the army needed to be reprimanded
D. Indians should no longer allowed to be nomadic


The Doctrine of Smohalla shows a spiritual basis for the Indian resistance to
A. agriculture
B. following the bison
C. obeying military orders
D. Christianity


The central purpose of government Indian schools was to
A. educate Indians to enter the professions
B. Christianize Indian children
C. teach adult Indians to read
D. integrate Indians into the American way of life


The Transcontinental Railroad is significant for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A. connecting the east and west coasts
B. tying together disconnected railway lines
C. protecting the bison populations
D. helping settle the West


The Central Pacific branch of the Transcontinental Railroad was built by many workers
from
A. the east coast
B. China
C. Ireland
D. the south


The last spike of the Transcontinental Railroad was driven in by
A. Leland Stanford
B. John D. Rockefeller
C. Jay Gould
D. Andrew Carnegie


The two branches of the Transcontinental Railroad met at Promontory Point in
A. Colorado
B. Utah
C. California
D. MIssouri


The Transcontinental Railroad was a symbol of the fulfillment of
A. the U.S. Constitution
B. the Civil War
C. Manifest Destiny
D. Overseas Imperialism


On the Great Plains, native food, clothing, shelter and culture were all based on the
A. richness of the soil
B. plentiful sources of water
C. presence of the bison
D. sun


The central job of a cowboy or girl during the late 1800s was to
A. round up cattle on a ranch
B. offer rides to children
C. defend land against bandits
D. move cattle from Texas to the railheads
Range wars were fought between
A. cowboys and cowgirls
B. farmers and cowboys
C. railroad owners and native tribes
D. missionaries and Indians


Farmers protect their land from cattle by building
A. barbed wire fences
B. stone walls
C. wooden fences
D. deep ditches


The phrase "real McCoy" referred to a cattle baron who
A. was a fictional character
B. appeared at a grange meeting after being declared dead
C. always delivered the goods on time
D. worked harder than any of his cowboys


Like most of the others, the Chisholm Trail went from
A. east to west
B. California across the Rockies
C. wetland to dry areas
D. Texas to northern railway towns


There were so many longhorn cattle in Texas in the 1860s and 70s because
A. they had been abandoned during the Civil War and bred out of control
B. deliberate breeding programs had been instituted during that era
C. the government of Texas wanted to compete with the rest of the nation economically
D. the breed had been imported from California in the 1850s


Which of the following statements about female suffrage is correct in the 1860s and
70s?
A. women did not have the vote in any state
B. women had the vote in some states but not nationally
C. women could vote for president but not local offices
D. women gained the right to vote in the U.S. by 1880


Polygamy was defended by Mormon proponents like Emmeline Wells because
A. it was based on the biological needs of men
B. there were not enough women to go around
C. it allowed females more independence to pursue their goals
D. a woman having many husbands was also permitted


The Supreme Court case Reynolds v United States ended polygamy nationally by using
the justification that
A. polygamy violated women's rights
B. the First Amendment did not refer to religion
C. Mormons were not a religious group
D. religious duty could not excuse an illegal act


Document: The Dawes Act took Indian reservations and
A. eliminated them
B. formed new reservations
C. subdivided them
D. left the tribes to determine whether they should be divided


Document: In the Doctrine of Smohalla, the portion that is most similar to Christian
tradition in
A. God making woman because man was lonely
B. the idea of Eden near a river
C. man as originally a winged creature
D. different colors of people being created


Document: To what does Smohalla compare plowing the ground for agriculture?
A. making the land give up its bounty
B. cutting his mother's body
C. gathering on the land
D. making a garden grow


Document: In what order did Indians meet other peoples, according to the legend told in
the Smohalla document?
A. French, New Englanders, British, blacks, Chinese
B. British, Plains Tribes, blacks, Japanese
C. French, British, American
D. British, Chinese, other Asians, Jews


Document: In what kind of mine did Bill Haywood work?
A. silver
B. gold
C. tin
D. lead


Document: Haywood shows a cowboys life as being
A. romantic
B. joyful
C. adventurous
D. hard


Document: What was a rodeo, according to Bill Haywood?
A. a contest
B. a tournament
C. the round-up of cattle
D. riding the range


Document: According the Haywood, who selected which bulls should be allowed to
breed?
A. the ranchers
B. the cowboys
C. the railroad owners
D. the major domo


Document: Zitkala-Sa was taken from her home because
A. the missionaries insisted
B. she wanted to go and her mother thought it best
C. the government ordered her to
D. they were going hungry at home


Document: Zitkala-Sa and her friends did not want their hair cut because
A. they would look like the boys
B. it would be immodest
C. only cowards and mourners wore short hair
D. their mothers had told them not to cut their hair till they were married


Document: Zitkala-Sa felt that the industrious activities of schoolchildren learning to
adopt the larger society was covering up
A. the death of her culture
B. hunger
C. laziness
D. the playfulness of her life with her friends
Document: Emmeline Wells made an argument for women voting based on
A. equality of gender
B. women's intellect being superior to that of men
C. doing God's work
D. their contribution to society


Document: Emmeline Wells wrote that other Americans believed that women of Utah
wanted the vote so they could
A. vote for president
B. outlaw plural marriage
C. outvote men
D. put religion into the Constitution


Document: Emmeline Wells believed that plural marriage gave women
A. more attention from men
B. greater financial support
C. opportunity for self-realization
D. the right to vote


To defend women's right to religious freedom, Emmeline Wells brought up the historical
example of
A. Puritan and Pilgrim foremothers
B. women who fought in the Revolution
C. women on the prairie
D. queens of England


Quiz 3: Incorporation and Immigration

In the film clip Journey to America, immigrants arriving at the U.S. facility were surprised
that
A. the food was so bad
B. they were treated so poorly
C. they were given food
D. sick immigrants were sent back to Europe


Industrialization had begun in England around
A. 1600
B. 1750
C. 1800
D. 1865
Steam engines were first used in England to
A. pump water from coal mines
B. run textile machines
C. create engines for automobiles
D. turn turbines


The term "Robber Barons" was coined by
A. Andrew Carnegie
B. your instructor
C. Matthew Josephson
D a 19th century textbook author


In the 19th century, instead of contributing money to assisting the poor, the foundations
of most Robber Barons financed
A. airlines
B. factories
C. libraries and museums
D. scientific endeavor


In addition to his use of assembly lines for producing cars, Henry Ford was known for
A. his poor treatment of workers
B. womanizing
C. losing all his money by the time he was 30
D. collaborating with other companies


Critics parodied Andrew Carnegie by saying if you came to him for money, he'd give you
A. more money
B. a factory
C. a bank
D. a library


Trust-busting was needed to encourage competition because
A. there were too many companies so entrepreneurs could not compete
B. the government granted monopolies only to certain companies
C. companies were controlling production and markets through combination
D. not enough goods were being produced


The Robber Barons would say that when you break up a big company,
A. competition is improved, which is good
B. the result is inefficiency and expense
C. regulation is needed to maintain quality
D. better companies can form


The Centennial Exhibition of 1876 took place in
A. Philadelphia
B. Chicago
C. New York
D. Atlanta


At Machinery Hall at the Centennial Exhibition, women were invited to
A. dance
B. pull a handle to start a large engine
C. leave
D. drive the automobiles


At the Centennial Exhibition of 1876, Alexander Graham Bell
A. refused to attend
B. demonstrated his machines to help deaf people
C. was still inventing the telephone
D. first got the idea for a transcription machine


The 1876 event designed to show American progress and power was
A. The Civil War Armistice
B. The Armory Show
C. The Centennial Exhibition
D. The Chicago World's Fair


What percentage of homes had running water in 1890?
A. 10%
B. 16%
C. 24%
D. 50%


Julius W Adams was an expert on
A. factory production
B. time-motion studies
C. domestic technologies
D. sewer systems
New domestic technologies like the washing machine and vacuum cleaner
A. were not useful until the 1950s
B. helped make housework an exclusively female task
C. gave housewives more spare time
D. involved men in domestic tasks


Ruth Schwartz Cowan's book on the history of domestic technology is called
A. More Work for Mother
B. The History of Domestic Technology
C. Hand Wash No More
D. Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management


Conspicuous consumption meant that families bought items and engaged in expensive
activities to achieve all of the following goals EXCEPT
A. showing off their wealth
B. maintaining social status
C. avoiding taxes
D. displaying an important role in the business world


"Tin Pan Alley" was so called because
A. composers begged for money holding out tin cans
B. pie pans were used a signs for businesses
C. the sound of so many pianos sounded like banging tin pans
D. the street children tied tin pans to stray dogs


Tin Pan Alley companies sold:
A. pianos
B. sheet music
C. records
D. radios


Stephen Foster's "Beautiful Dreamer" was a popular
A. automobile
B. washing machine
C. painting
D. song


AfricanAmerican influence was evident in musical trends like
A. ballads
B. ragtime
C. opera
D. band music


Booker T. Washington's programs focused on the success of AfricanAmericans through
A. the entertainment industry
B. vocational and teacher training
C. post-graduate education
D. political apprenticeship


The Tuskegee Institute was
A. a teachers' college in Alabama
B. a university in Mississippi
C. the origin of the University of Georgia
D. founded by W.E.B. DuBois


Booker T. Washington's projects were often supported by
A. his parents
B. the government
C. middle-class liberals
D. Robber Barons


Plessy v Ferguson was a case involving seating for AfricanAmericans
A. on busses
B. in railroad cars
C. in public parkes
D. in Congress


The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v Ferguson implied that it was OK to
A. prevent black people from voting
B. allow whites in to the Tuskegee Institute
C. separate black and white people in public places
D. be part of the KKK


Plessy v Ferguson was overturned in
A. 1896
B. 1910
C. 1928
D. 1954
By 1890 the largest union was
A. The Knights of Labor
B. The Industrial Workers of the World
C. The American Railway Union
D. The Ladies Garment Workers Union


Robber Barons who responded to strikes with violence
A. were rare
B. claimed they were protecting their property
C. were hated by the public
D. were not successful


Labor Day elsewhere in the world is celebrated on
A. October 16
B. the first Monday in January
C. the first Monday in September
D. May 1


The Haymarket Riot resulted in the trial of several
A. Democrats
B. non-political workers
C. Congressmen
D. anarchists


Although deeply involved in unions, anarchists were never able to
A. control them
B. gain membership to them
C. fight for what they believed in
D. avoid arrest


Reduced wages and long hours for Pullman Palace Car Company workers were due to
A. a shortage of workers
B. the financial panic of 1893
C. lack of demand for railroad services
D. new legislation


The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was ironic in that it meant to break up big companies but
ended up
A. making companies larger
B. being declared illegal by the Supreme Court
C. being used against labor unions
D. creating monopolies for each industry


The Pullman strike was ended by
A. a peaceful negotiation for better wages and conditions
B. private security hired by the Pullman company
C. a compromise where workers agreed to longer hours but the same pay
D. Army troops sent by President Cleveland


Document: According to Thorstein Veblen, the working classes should not adopt
middle-class values of consumption because the working class:
A. has no innate sense of style
B. cannot afford it and will give up things they need
C. cannot rely on the wife for vicarious consumption
D. is dependent on government aid


Document: According to Thorstein Veblen, guests at a big costly entertainment are not
so much guests as
A. entertainers
B. fellow wealthy families sharing their good fortune
C. witnesses to the wealth of the hosts
D. consumers


Document: According to Thorstein Veblen, when a household cannot afford the
servants necessary to show off wealth, the job of doing it ends up with
A. the wife
B. the husband
C. the children
D. the grandparents


Document: Frederick Jackson Turner believed that the frontier was necessary to
promote:
A. imperialism
B. democracy
C. socialism
D. interdependence


Document: In the George F. Barber & Co. Complete Home, the kitchen is at the back of
the house and the dining room is down the hall, and there are many small rooms, which
suggests
A. a need for servants
B. an open floor plan
C. spaces where the whole family can spend time
D. few people live there


Document: The majority ruling in Plessy v Ferguson said that the Fourteenth
Amendment could not enforce
A. the laws
B. legal equality
C. social equality
D. political rights


Document: The dissenting opinion in Plessy v Ferguson said that the ruling would cause
A. mutual appreciation of the races
B. increased racism
C. decreased railroad profits
D. the requirement for separate black and white schools


Document: The Winton Six advertisement makes people want to buy the car by touting
its
A. design
B. paint job
C. reliability
D. mass production


Document: Songs like Down by the Old Mill Stream were popular because were
A. bouncy
B. danceable
C. easy to play
D. nostalgic


Document: In Emma Lazarus' poem, the Statue of Liberty stands as a welcoming figure
instead of a
A. conquerer
B. guard
C. queen
D. beautiful woman
Quiz 4: Silver and Empire

The first global empires were dominated by
A. European countries
B. China
C. African states
D. the United States


Which of the following was NOT a perceived benefit of having colonies in the 19th
century?
A. new markets for manufactured goods
B. sources for raw materials
C. inexpensive labor
D. learning from the ways of other societies


Women who didn't fit the Victorian ideal might find greater independence as
A. schoolteachers
B. missionaries
C. wives and mothers
D. domestic workers


Charles Darwin developed the idea of
A. evolution
B. natural selection
C. social Darwinism
D. geology


In the view of Social Darwinists, people are poor because they are
A. born into poverty
B. from a particular region of the country
C. not given fair opportunities to succeed
D. are not able to compete against more fit people in society


Which of the following could NOT be argued using Social Darwinist principles?
A. we should help the poor because they can't succeed on their own
B. the poor deserve to be poor
C. no one race is superior to another
D. primitive nations should be conquered


In the late 19th century, Treasury holdings of gold were represented by:
A. government bonds
B. paper money
C. treaties
D. Treasury notes


What could you do in 1893 that you can't do today?
A. make a deposit of cash in a bank
B. exchange coins for paper money
C. exchange paper money for gold
D. open a bank account


When the government purchased more silver, it made the dollar
A. worth less
B. worth more
C. a better deal for lending it
D. fluctuate


When the dollar is worth less than before, it's easier to
A. buy gold
B. pay back loans
C. make money on interest
D. import goods


The Silver Purchase Act (1890) was objectionable to
A. farmers
B. industrial workers
C. bankers
D. President Cleveland


Which party wanted silver free instead of controlled as a foundation of the monetary
system?
A. Democrats
B. Republicans
C. Trust-busters
D. Populists


Williams Jennings Bryan was defeated by
A. the Democratic Party
B. the Republican Party
C. the Populist Party
D. the free silver issue


In the monetary theory of the Wizard of Oz, it is significant that Dorothy's shoes are
made of
A. rubies
B. silver
C. leather
D. paper money


In the monetary theory of the Wizard of Oz, the cowardly lion represents
A. President Cleveland
B. William Seward
C. Queen Liliuokalani
D. William Jennings Bryan


The product that got the US interested in Hawaii was
A. pineapple
B. taro
C. sugar
D. mangoes


By 1887 American holdings in Hawai'i consisted of a naval station and
A. control of territorial waters
B. whaling towns
C. half of the sugar plantations
D. two-thirds of all taxable land


Hawaii originally came under the control of the United States because of American
A. sugar planters
B. acts of Congress
C. presidential action
D. offers to Queen Liliuokalani to make her its governor


The U.S. government forced the abdication of Queen Liliuokalani in support of
A. the American navy
B. American business interests
C. popular sentiment
D. Hawaiian rebels
It's difficult to revive the Hawaiian language today because
A. it was not originally a written language
B. no one wants it revived
C. it's only been preserved in music
D. there is no record of it


Cuba was a colony of
A. France
B. Spain
C. Britain
D. the Dominican Republic


Historical support for American interference in the Caribbean was provided by
A. the Declaration of Independence
B. the Constitution
C. the Monroe Doctrine
D. executive orders


The Spanish-American War was a feature of the competition between
A. two newspapers
B. Republicans and Democrats
C. Spain and France
D. farmers and silver miners


The U.S. took the Philippines from Spain to keep it away from
A. France
B. Britain
C. Germany
D. China


Preventable deaths in Cuba occurred because of
A. German attack
B. drownings on navy ships
C. disease
D. post-operative infection


Tammany Hall became representative of
A. corruption
B. fair dealing in politics
C. the Republican party
D. Harper's Weekly


Which of the following was NOT a result of machine politics?
A. material assistance for immigrants
B. ballot-box stuffing
C. critical cartoons by Thomas Nast
D. fair election practices in towns and cities


Thomas Nast was
A. a Senator
B. a cartoonist
C. a Tammany Hall machine politician
D. a soldier


Grange Halls existed to assist
A. immigrants
B. farmers
C. the middle class
D. women


Document: Frederick Jackson Turner believed that the frontier was necessary to
promote:
A. imperialism
B. democracy
C. socialism
D. interdependence


Document: When Mark Twain writes phrases like "afflict them with our wise and
beneficent government" and "we can give them Tweed" he
A. is recommending the annexation of Hawaii
B. is serious about the benefits of American civilization
C. is making it clear that annexation would be bad for Hawaiians
D. is making a religious argument


Document: The cartoon Uncle Sam Looks Abroad can be used to justifying imperialism
by showing
A. other countries needing help
B. American military might
C. poverty around the world
D. the good intentions of missionaries
Document: The ad for Pears Soap uses a theme of
A. clean and dirty
B. light and dark
C. bad and good
D. foreign and domestic


Document: William Jennings Bryan argues that weakening self-government in the
Philippines would
A. assist in civilizing the Filipinos
B. undermine the power of Christianity
C. weaken it in the United States also
D. weaken it in Cuba as well


Document: According to William Jennings Bryan, America's best service to the world is
through
A. imperialism
B. commercial strength
C. wealth
D. example


Document: Charles B. Spahr's The Imperialist Religion has a tone and purpose in
common with:
A. Mark Twain on the Sandwich Islands
B. Uncle Sam Looks Abroad
C. Pears' Soap ad
D. Herbert S. Bigelow's Convention Prayer


Document: Herbert S. Bigelow's Convention Prayer indirectly associates the use of gold
with
A. peace
B. war
C. greed
D. morality


Document: At the beginning of his speech, Frederick Jackson Turner marks the closing
of the frontier by quoting from
A. the Congressional record
B. a bulletin from the superintendent of the 1890 census
C. his own research
D. Emmeline Wells


Document: Frederick Jackson Turner saw the "distinguishing feature of American life"
as
A. morality
B. trade
C. growth
D. development


Document: According to Frederick Jackson Turner, the frontier allows what to begin
over and over again?
A. trade relationships
B. contacts with Indians
C. political parties
D. social development


Document: According to Frederick Jackson Turner, when people first encounter the
frontier, the environment there
A. at first overwhelms the ideas of civilization they imported
B. is easily tamed to particular norms
C. cannot resist the incursion of pioneers
D. becomes European


Document: According to Frederick Jackson Turner, the "most important effect of the
frontier has been"
A. the emancipation of women
B. the taming of Indian tribes
C. the promotion of democracy
D. the expansion of the European way of life


Document: Frederick Jackson Turner's thesis could be used to promote international
imperialism if one considers
A. foreigners to be like Indians
B. international conquest to be an extension of European culture
C. foreign countries to comprise a new frontier
D. Turner to be an imperialist


Quiz 5: Progressivism

The Ford Motor Company was founded in the same year as
A. General Electric was founded
B. the Wright brothers flew their plane
C. the San Francisco earthquake
D. the Panama Canal opened


F Scott Fitzgerald wrote The Great Gatsby in the same decade as
A. Ellis Island opened
B. Social Security
C. the annexation of Hawai'i
D. Lindberg flew from New York to Paris


Jacob Riis began as
A. a reporter
B. a politician
C. a pilot
D. an urban worker


Jacob Riis used photography to document
A. the Hull House
B. machine politics
C. urban poverty
D. the troubles of farmers


Photographs, like those of Jacob Riis, are
A. objective sources
B. secondary sources
C. interpretive images
D. not based on reality


In How the Other Half Lives, Jacob Riis' used all of the following techniques except
A. using photographs to document poor conditions
B. writing text about how badly the poor lived in the cities
C. directing his book to Congress
D. using low shots so the photographer would not be above the subjects

My lecture proposes that one motive for Progressivism in the middle class was
A. self-interest
B. appreciation of their higher standard of living
C. commercialism
D. disappointment in the political system
Which of the following was NOT a new middle-class product during the era of
Progressivism?
A. the radio
B. pasteurized milk
C. the telephone
D. the camera


The song Hello Ma Baby shows a cultural awareness of
A. women
B. settlement houses
C. the telephone
D. the automobile


My lecture suggests that one reason there was more awareness of what poor people
didn't have was the increased political activity of
A. the Republican party
B. farmers and Granges
C. the poor people themselves
D. middle-class women


What made prohibition a Progressive movement?
A. it was trying to correct a social problem
B. it was created by women's groups
C. it was against modernization
D. it ignored the social impacts of alcohol


Which of the following styles of domestic architecture was most closely aligned with the
Progressive movement?
A. Victorian
B. Craftsman
C. Prairie
D. Modern


A Craftsman home would most likely feature:
A. an open floor plan
B. three stories
C. lots of extravagant trim
D. small bedrooms
Frederick Taylor, creator of time-motion studies, worked at
A. Ford Motor Company
B. Colorado Mining Company
C. Bethlehem Steel
D. the Pullman Palace Car Company


Time-motion studies had the effect of
A. slowing down the production of goods
B. motivating workers
C. costing companies money
D. devaluing labor


The song Ludlow Massacre was about violence against striking
A. garment workers
B. mine workers
C. railroad workers
D. automobile workers


A major opportunity for many women at the turn of the century was
A. voting
B. military service
C. social work
D. public office


The birth control movement was designed to help working class women by
A. helping them learn to read
B. preventing the birth of children they couldn't support
C. increase the birth rate of urban workers
D. increasing the divorce rate


At the time of marriage, young men at the turn of the century had an advantage over
their wives-to-be in terms of
A. social understanding
B. literacy
C. family support
D. sexual experience


Women with gynecological problems rarely went to the doctor at the turn of the 20th
century because
A. there was nothing they could do to help
B. doctors did not treat women
C. society considered the exam to be inappropriate
D. they rarely had such problems


Shortly before marriage, the talk given to women tended to focus on
A. tolerating the husband's lust
B. enjoying sexual contact
C. changing the man's baser instincts
D. a detailed explanation of how the female body works


The lecture suggests that prudishness in the middle class had an impact on all of the
following EXCEPT
A. business
B. family size
C. the popularity of prostitution
D. women's knowledge about their bodies


Sanger's pamphlets were violated obscenity laws because they
A. had nude photographs
B. promoted sex outside of marriage
C. they did not refer to God
D. named sexual body parts


Margaret Sanger took her position on "birth control" because of:
A. her political radicalism
B. her experience as one of the few female doctors in the U.S.
C. her experiences as a nurse attending women who had just had children
D. the encouragement of President Roosevelt

Which of the following would NOT have been a result of the municipal form of
Progressivism?
A. more convenient grocery stores
B. local playgrounds
C. school lunch programs
D. fire departments


Initiative places items on the ballot through
A. legislative vote
B. voters' signatures
C. federal government suggestion
D. the governor's request
The process of initiative was important because:
A. it referred issues to the people from the legislature
B. it allowed everyone in the United States to put measures on the ballot
C. it gave the President a way to poll the people
D. it permitted the public to create state legislation

Who places a referendum on the ballot?
A. the governor
B. voters' signatures
C. the state legislature
D. the federal government


John Dewey was influential in
A. public politics
B. the union movement
C. education
D. air travel


The lecture blames a generation gap between immigrant children and their parents on
A. the education system
B. job opportunities
C. immigration policies
D. Progressivism


The lecture criticizes the decision in Muller v Oregon because it was based on the idea
that women
A. should enjoy plural marriage
B. couldn't be in the workforce
C. were physically weak
D. should work more hours


The IWW emerged in opposition to the
A. communists
B. anarchists
C. Progressives
D. Knights of Labor


Which of the following was the central difference between the IWW and the other
unions?
A. the IWW took unskilled, immigrant workers
B. the IWW rejected strikes and preferred negotiation
C. the IWW rejected radical concepts like communism and socialism
D. the IWW was led by Samuel Gompers

The Wobblies were members of the
A. Republican party
B. Industrial Workers of the World
C. Niagara Movement
D. American Federation of Labor


In addition to working for the rights of black people, W.E.B. DuBois was concerned
about
A. birth control
B. the abuses of capitalism
C. European immigration
D. the evolution of music


Conservation of natural resources at the turn of the 20th century meant
A. leaving the wilderness wild
B. preservation
C. management to ensure future use
D. preventing development


Passage of the National Park Bill in 1899 was encouraged by
A. W.E.B. DuBois
B. John Muir
C. Charles Seward
D. Emmeline Wells


Document: W.E.B. DuBois argues in the Talented Tenth that work alone will not elevate
blacks -- what is needed is
A. money
B. education
C. religion
D. history


Document: Upton Sinclair's The Jungle said that meat in the canneries that was too
spoiled to sell was
A. thrown away
B. fed to farm animals
C. canned into cat food
D. made into sausage


Document: In Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, ham that was not fit for consumption was
A. treated with chemicals and sold anyway
B. disposed of as hazardous waste
C. burned in incinerators
D. tossed in the trash


Document: In Upton Sinclair's The Jungle, Elzbieta and her friends became mentally
numb because the meat packing machines
A. were so loud
B. were doing such horrible things to food
C. sapped their strength and humanity
D. caused so many accidents


Document: Upton Sinclair's The Jungle was intended to make the reader
A. sick at the thought of what was in their meat
B. feel pity for the workers subject to such brutal conditions
C. enjoy the expertise of his literary phrasing
D. do something to improve sanitation in factories


Document: According to Gustav Stickley, the greatest achievements in human
development have come from people who have a sense of the sacredness of
A. the forest
B. nature
C. Christianity
D. the home


Document: Gustav Stickley believed that in some ways the push toward commercial
dominance and wealth had
A. misused energy and resources
B. not been passionate enough
C. not taken advantage of what nature had to offer
D. led to imperialism


Document: Gustav Stickley's work could be used to argue against the trends noted in
the document by
A. Frederick Jackson Turner
B. Charles B. Spahr
C. Thorstein Veblen
D. John Muir


Document: Gustav Stickley saw homes with many overly decorated rooms and the
desire for luxurious surroundings as
A. setting up an unreasonable and unsustainable expectation
B. the ultimate in good taste
C. the goal for the middle-class home
D. indicative of good morals


Document: Unlike Victorian homes (for example, those of George F. Barber in the
previous document), Craftsman homes put an emphasis on
A. keeping the kitchen away from the dining room
B. private bedrooms for everyone
C. extravagant decoration
D. air and sunlight


Document: John Muir did not see trees as
A. important
B. large
C. still
D. spiritual


Document: John Muir believed that it should be compulsory to
A. go to school
B. experience nature
C. have a religion
D. become active in civil service


Document: John Muir saw death as
A. something to be feared
B. something one could put off through proper medical care
C. part of the natural cycle
D. an unfortunate ending to life


Document: According to Margaret Sanger, how many babies died in infancy every year
from poverty and neglect?
A. 250
B. 40,000
C. 300,000
D. one million


Document: According to Margaret Sanger, 85% of lower class women came from
families of
A. wealth and status
B. about nine children
C. the lower class
D. small size


Document: According to Margaret Sanger, little is done about unplanned pregnancies
among the poor for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A. the need for a larger workforce
B. a misguided concern for morality
C. lack of knowledge on the part of the other classes on how to prevent pregnancy
D. a desire to keep women in bondage


Document: According to Margaret Sanger, women can take no interest in political rights
or labor issues if
A. they are continually bearing children
B. they are not educated
C. their husbands do not care for them
D. they never go outside


Document: Margaret Sanger began her birth control information efforts in earnest after
A. her own unplanned pregnancy
B. attending the death of a woman who'd had an illegal abortion
C. discovering the half of children are born mentally defective
D. being told what she was doing was illegal


Document: According to Margaret Sanger, although birth control information was freely
available in Europe, in the United States dissemination of such information was blocked
by
A. Congressional legislation
B. Executive Order
C. the post office
D. the FBI


Document: Margaret Sanger saw the solution to unwanted pregnancies was
dissemination of information and help through
A. free clinics
B. schools
C. family charities
D. the Church


Document: Which of the following was NOT an obstacle faced by Margaret Sanger in
her mission?
A. post office authorities
B. views on female morality
C. social norms
D. hostile articles in The Woman Rebel magazine


Document: The Pessary/Sheath was designed to be used by
A. the man only
B. the woman only
C. either the man or the woman
D. men suffering from impotence


Document: The Pessary/Sheath was
A. only created in one design
B. designed to be cleaned and reused
C. delivered without instructions
D. only a prototype and never sold


Document: We would today call a Sheath a
A. condom
B. diaphragm
C. cervical cap
D. suppository

Document: We would today call a Pessarie a(n)
A. condom
B. diaphragm or cervical cap
C. IUD
D. suppository


Quiz 6: The Great War

The Franco-Prussian War in Europe took place
A. about 100 years before the Great War
B. about 80 years before the Great War
C. about 45 years before the Great War
D. about 5 years before the Great War


Both sides had the machine gun in the Franco-Prussian War, but the Prussians
A. used it at the back of the troops
B. considered it to be a special weapon requiring its own corp
C. didn't think it was very useful
D. lost


Germany took over Alsace-Lorraine after the Franco-Prussian War in order to
A. humiliate France
B. secure access to baked goods
C. secure access to trade routes
D. unite German-speaking people


Who felt that Bosnia should be independent rather than part of the Austro-Hungarian
Empire in 1914?
A. Britain
B. France
C. Bohemia
D. Serbia


The archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were killed by
A. the Serbian state
B. a teenage revolutionary
C. the Austrian army
D. a slow illness


In mid-1914, the world thought that Austria-Hungary would easily defeat:
A. Germany
B. France
C. Britain
D. Serbia


In 1914, Serbia had a secret treaty with
A. Britain
B. Russia
C. Germany
D. Austria-Hungary
In 1914, Belgium had a secret treaty with
A. Britain
B. Russia
C. Germany
D. Austria-Hungary


Which of the following was NOT a way in which the Great War became a world war?
A. the U.S. joined
B. involvement of European colonies in Africa
C. the Ottoman Empire joined
D. Japan joined


In the Great War, trenches were dug to avoid
A. having to hold large areas of ground
B. machine gun fire
C. civilian populations
D. cropland


Poison gas was a used in the Great War to
A. kill pests in the trenches
B. execute undesirable prisoners
C. kill crops to starve out a region
D. clear enemy trenches of personnel


In the Great War, men went "over the top" to
A. view enemy trenches
B. storm enemy trenches
C. retreat
D. overwhelm enemy airplanes


In the Great War, the goal of taking territory seemed to be replaced by the goal of
A. holding your ground
B. killing the officers
C. killing as many of the enemy as possible
D. destroying supply lines


If you were against entering the Great War in the election of 1916, you would
A. vote against Wilson
B. vote for Wilson
C. vote for Bryan
D. vote for Hughes


Wilson's foreign policy before 1917 was considered idealistic because he believed it
was possible to
A. placate Germany
B. stay friends with Britain
C. stop the war through diplomacy
D. continue trading with both sides


Wilson believed that the German use of unrestricted submarine warfare
A. violated international law
B. was justified
C. was effectively resisted by the British
D. could be managed


Germany believed it was avoiding violating the norms of warfare by
A. attacking France through Belgium
B. publishing its blockade zone
C. using trench warfare
D. not using airplanes


Which position did William Jennings Bryan hold in Wilson's first administration?
A. Vice President
B. Secretary of War
C. Secretary of State
D. Chief of Staff


William Jennings Bryan resigned from Wilson's cabinet because Wilson had
A. insisted on staying neutral
B. ordered the torpedoing of a German cruise ship
C. reprimanded Germany for the sinking of the Lusitania
D. traded with both sides during the war


Which of the following did NOT lead to a push for the U.S. to enter the Great War?
A. the establishment of Robert Lansing as Secretary of State
B. the sinking of the Lusitania
C. the British opening American mail
D. the Zimmerman note
Socialists were against entering the Great War because
A. they believed it was a capitalist and imperialist war
B. they were against violence for any reason
C. it would lead to the establishment of a more centralized American government
D. it would lead the U.S. more toward communism


As support grew for U.S. entry into the Great War, labor unions in general
A. protested
B. agreed to support the idea only if unions were given more rights
C. went along
D. had no voice


In the film "Reds", and in his writing, it is clear that John Reed and other socialists
believed that the Great War was about
A. freedom
B. profits
C. principles
D. survival


Socialists saw the institution of the military draft during the Great War as:
A. necessary
B. a temporary measure
C. something to ignore
D. a violation of rights


People like Eugene Debs who published works against the Great War:
A. became heroes
B. were ignored
C. had more success in British publications
D. were arrested


Approximately how many people were jailed under the Espionage Act of 1917?
A. 5
B. 50
C. 300
D. 900


Reds were against the U.S. entering the war because:
A. they were on the side of Germany
B. they had investments in Germany and Russia
C. they believed the war was over business interests rather than freedom
D. they were the followers of William Jennings Bryan

Reds specifically saw the draft as a violation of the Thirteenth Amendment, which
forbids
A. involuntary servitude
B. military service for men under 25
C. required service outside the country
D. violations of personal conscience


Which of the following is NOT true of socialists during the Great War?
A. they were ignored by both sides
B. they gained seats in state and local government
C. some went to jail or were deported
D. they saw Wilson as a hypocrite


Which of the following is NOT correct about Emma Goldman?
A. she was an anarchist
B. she was an advocate of birth control
C. she was supportive of the draft
D. she was deported


The post-Great War conference was held at Versailles in France in order to
A. make it conveniently located
B. make sure the facilities were sufficient
C. emphasize the grandeur of Europe to non-western powers
D. repay Germany for its humiliation of France in 1871


When he arrived in Paris after the war, some accused the United States of acting like
A. a defeated power
B. the savior of Europe
C. Austria-Hungary
D. a supporter of Germany


Some historians believe that Wilson gave in on so many points at the Treaty of
Versailles conference because he:
A. didn't believe in neutrality of the seas
B. was hampered by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
C. was suffering from encephalitis caused by the flu
D. he didn't feel strongly enough about the League of Nations
The nations who had the most influence over Germany's fate after the Great War were:
A. Britain and France
B. the United States and Britain
C. the Ottoman Empire and the Arabs
D. the United States and France


The original promise to the Arabs was that if they succeeded in toppling the Ottoman
Empire, they would get in return
A. a part of Germany
B. colonies in Africa
C. Palestine
D. a pan-Arab state


Henry Cabot Lodge was instrumental in
A. dividing up the Ottoman Empire after the Great War
B. preventing the U.S. from joining the League of Nations
C. assisting Wilson at the Versailles conference
D. humiliating Germany


George M. Cohan was
A. an avant-garde artist
B. a composer of patriotic music
C. a writer of anti-war songs
D. a communist


"And we won't come back 'til it's over
A. in France."
B. Over There."
C. my sweetheart."
D. and I can come home to you."


"Every heart beats true for the
A. red, white and blue"
B. brave boys in blue"
C. European flu"
D. military crew"


When told her vote about entering the war represented the women of America,
Jeannette Rankin
A. abstained
B. left the session
C. voted with the majority
D. voted no


Which of the following did Jeanette Rankin NOT support during her lifetime?
A. pacifism
B. women's suffrage
C. the atomic bomb
D. elected office for women


Document: According to her document, Emma Goldman thought Woodrow Wilson was
a hypocrite (one who professes beliefs, feelings, or virtues that one does not hold)
because:
A. he promised to keep the U.S. out of the war but entered it anyway
B. he promised that all Americans would be kept safe but deported many, including
Goldman herself
C. he promised to work with radical causes, but then stripped Goldman of her
citizenship
D. he promised to be fighting for freedom, but then used the military draft to enlist men
against their will

Document: The first concern at the No-Conscription League was whether to encourage
men
A. to protest
B. not to register
C. to burn draft cards
D. to go to war


Document: During the No-Conscription League mass meeting, one of the heckling
soldiers said he wanted to talk over Emma Goldman, and the audience wanted him
removed. Goldman
A. asked the guards to remove him
B. told everyone to be quiet and began her speech
C. insisted he be allowed to speak
D. told him to shut up


Document: When young men came to the office of Mother Earth asking whether or not
they should register for the draft, Goldman and her colleagues
A. told them not to register
B. told them to register
C. left it up to their own conscience
D. would not support them if they didn't register


Document: John Reed notes that the immediate reaction to the Zimmerman (German
note) was war fever, including the popularity of the types of patriotic songs written by
A. Stephen Foster
B. Billie Holliday and Artie Shaw
C. Lorenz and Hart
D. George M. Cohan and Irving Berlin


Document: John Reed says that the term "dangerous lunatics" was being used against
people protesting the curtailing of
A. free speech
B. non-Christian religions
C. the military draft
D. German militarism


Document: John Reed notes that an immediate effect of focusing on war was
A. no one cared about Progressive goals
B. lack of energy in helping Europe
C. little effort to be patriotic
D. no interest in helping the wounded


Document: Who does John Reed claim wants to join World War I?
A. American workers
B. speculators and employers
C. the ordinary person
D. people who read the newspaper


Document: In reporting what Americans found disturbing in the newspapers, John Reed
notes that horror stories about German actions were
A. not true
B. not considered important by American readers
C. were matched by the actions of other countries
D. deliberately released by President Wilson


Document: George M Cohan's song Over There would have been popular because it
A. uses deep, complex language
B. is a slow, haunting ballad
C. emphasized American determination and pride
D. was anti-war
Document: In the Fourteen Points, Wilson first points out that the reason for the U.S.
entering the war
A. was German aggression
B. went beyond American interests
C. was a need to win territory
D. was to support our allies


Document: Wilson's first point in the Fourteen Points is designed to prevent
A. secret treaties
B. future German aggression
C. other countries determining Austria-Hungary's future
D. the occupation of Alsace-Lorraine


Document: In the Fourteen Points, Wilson wants the newly communist Russia to
A. return to being a monarchy
B. become a republic
C. be given the opportunity to determine its own future
D. communicate directly with the United States


Document: In the twelfth of the Fourteen Points, Wilson is declaring the intention to take
those peoples inside the Ottoman Empire who are not Turkish and
A. eliminate them
B. relocate them
C. allow them to development independently
D. give them to Russia


Document: Which was the only one of Wilson's Fourteen Points to be fully realized?
A. Number 1
B. Number 6
C. Number 8
D. Number 14


Document: The main motivation for Wilson's points numbered 5-13 could be called
A. militarism
B. self-determination
C. colonialism
D. American expansionism
Document: The Treaty of Versailles allowed Germany
A. to keep Austrian territory
B. to maintain a mobilized force
C. to keep naval air forces
D. a reduced military force


Document: The Treaty of Versailles forces Germany and her allies to take responsibility
for the war and
A. pay compensation for all damages
B. apologize
C. keep the territories it conquered
D. use its military to protect Europe


Document: The Remember Belgium poster shows two figures, who must be
A. an innocent girl and a German invader
B. a young American and a French infantryman
C. a girl with her Belgian father
D. a child being led to safety


Quiz 7: The Twenties

The Great War caused a loss of confidence in all of the following EXCEPT
A. traditional morality
B. western civilization
C. women
D. society


Speakeasies would have been popular during the 1920's because:
A. they provided an outlet for free speech
B. they supported traditional values
C. they served illegal alcohol
D. they were union shops

Gershwin's music combined symphony music with
A. orchestral arrangements
B. piano
C. dance
D. jazz


The S.O.L. Blues was recorded by
A. Duke Ellington
B. Louis Armstrong
C. Fatty Arbuckle
D. Clara Bow


The excerpt from the film Modern Times shows a worker in a factory
A. becoming the boss
B. being overwhelmed by the machine
C. joining a union
D. falling in love


Unlike in Europe, in the U.S. there is no
A. middle class
B. working class
C. traditional aristocracy
D. upper middle class


The drug of choice among the upper middle class during the 1920s was
A. marijuana
B. tobacco
C. meth
D. cocaine


The place to go in New York for entertainment during the 1920s was
A. the Bronx
B. Brooklyn
C. Queens
D. Harlem


Josephine Baker was
A. an author of trendy novels
B. an exotic entertainer
C. a member of the Cabinet
D. a journalist


A Mitchell Palmer had predicted that the communist revolution in the U.S. would
A. begin on May 1, 1920
B. take over government offices first
C. fail without help from him
D. start a pattern of communism in the western hemisphere
The Sacco and Vanzetti case
A. ended when the two were pardoned the night before their execution
B. made it clear that the two were guilty
C. is used as an example of xenophobia and prejudice
D. caused little controversy


Sacco and Vanzetti
A. were pardoned in 1977
B. received a sentence of life in prison
C. were clearly innocent
D. were clearly guilty


In the Scopes trial, the prosecutor was
A. Earl Warren
B. Oliver Wendell Holmes
C. William Jennings Bryan
D. Clarence Darrow


During the Scopes trial, William Jennings Bryan
A. defended religious fundamentalism
B. defended John Scopes
C. was a judge
D. ran for president


The light sentence given to John Scopes was an indication of
A. rising Christian fundamentalism
B. the power of the ACLU
C. the triumph of traditional values
D. the acceptance of modernism


In 1919, the Chicago White Sox team agreed to
A. use only their best pitchers and fire the rest
B. lose the World Series
C. move to Philadelphia
D. pay back their earnings from that year


According to Lisa's slideshow on modernism, the beginnings of the movement in art can
be traced to
A. The Great War
B. the Armory Show of 1913
C. the Russian Revolution of 1917
D. the early work of Picasso


According to Lisa's slideshow on modernism, Brancusi's "Bird is Space" was taxed by a
customs officer because:
A. all art coming in from Europe was subject to customs tax
B. it was being smuggled in
C. it was too large
D. art was tax-exempt but he didn't think it looked like art


According to Lisa's slideshow on modernism, Louis Lozewick's "Chicago" (1923)
showed appreciation for
A. the machine age
B. traditional values
C. the romantic past
D. portraiture


Which is an example of opposition to modernism during the Twenties?
A. flappers
B. William Jennings Bryan
C. modern art
D. Teapot Dome

According to Lisa's slideshow on modernism, Stuart Davis' work "Edison Mazda"
portrayed the following object as a work of wisdom:
A. the phonograph
B. the automobile
C. the house
D. the light bulb


According to Lisa's slideshow on modernism, modernist works became more abstract
because of the inspiration of:
A. the Great War
B. electricity
C. cubism
D. movies


According to Lisa's slideshow on modernism, works like Elsie Drigg's "Pittsburgh" hint at
A. the costs of dependence on machines
B. the joy of mechanical progress
C. the importance of human beings
D. the coming of revolution


When the famous radio show Amos 'n' Andy went to television, the biggest changes
was that the actors
A. were paid
B. belonged to a union
C. were black
D. had no accents


Skirts began becoming more slender due to fabric shortages during the
A. Franco-Prussian War
B. the Russian Revolution
C. the Civil War
D. the recession of 1893


There is a theory that as the independence of women in society increases, fashion
A. uses more fabric
B. uses wilder colors
C. reflects a more manly silhouette
D. tries to restrict it through tight undergarments


Popular novels in the 1920s often told stories about
A. the poor
B. presidents and their wives
C. robber barons
D. the rich and famous


Organized crime in the 1920s made most of its money from
A. gun sales
B. international smuggling
C. bribery
D. alcohol


The flapper style trend was led by
A. the older generation
B. young upper-class women
C. middle-class women
D. movie stars
Document: In "Babbitt," Sinclair Lewis was trying to get Americans to:
A. make fun of each other
B. be less focused on material goods and unquestioning patriotism
C. join Rotary Clubs and glorify American productivity
D. reject foreign influence on American culture

Document: The Movie Diary indicates that movies could be influential in persuading a
young person to
A. join the movie industry
B. write better prose
C. smoke and engage in sexual activity
D. join the military


Document: In the novel Babbitt, standardization of stores, offices, streets and hotels is
seen as evidence of
A. an enduring American design
B. boring repetition
C. conformity
D. lack of imagination


Document: In Sinclair Lewis' novel Babbitt, which is NOT an indication of the progress
and prosperity of America?
A. packaged butter production
B. number of cars per person
C. critically acclaimed opera singers
D. highly paid authors


Document: The ad for Stout Women from Lane Bryant tells us that the norm for
women's figures during the 1920s was
A. hourglass-shaped
B. thin
C. chubby
D. pear-shaped


Document: In the ad from Lane Bryant, the advances in the transportation and
marketing systems during the 1920s can be seen in the promise to
A. make women appear more slender
B. use only the finest fabrics
C. offer the same nice clothes by mail order
D. stock stores in Chicago and New York
Document: In the Scopes Trial examination of William Jennings Bryan by Clarence
Darrow it is made clear that Bryan believed
A. in the literal interpretation of the Bible
B. in the evolution of species
C. that Darrow was a good Christian
D. that Christianity need not be based on the Bible


Document: In the Scopes Trial examination of William Jennings Bryan by Clarence
Darrow, Darrow's line of questioning is based on
A. asking questions about evolution
B. technical questions about science
C. events in the Bible that can't be proven scientifically
D. whether Scopes was guilty


Document: The tone of e. e. cummings' poem is
A. happy
B. ironic
C. joyful
D. optimistic




Quiz 8: The Depression

Companies sell shares
A. to raise capital
B. to support stockbrokers
C. to give up a portion of their management
D. when they are losing money


If there is very little demand for a stock being sold
A. the company has more capital
B. the price goes up
C. the price goes down
D. speculators buy them


Which areas of the economy were weak during the 1920s?
A. construction and farming
B. business and the stock market
C. production and manufacturing
D. imports and exports


Construction is a good indicator of the health of the economy because
A. everyone needs a home
B. if it goes up, businesses are expanding
C. it uses products from many different industries
D. is is closely connected to farming


Conservative investors in the 1920s bought stock because
A. earnings were clearly higher than bonds or savings
B. they were caught up in the production boom
C. their friends did
D. traditionalists recommended that money be invested in stocks


Stockbrokers during the 1920s offered loans to buy stock up to
A. 15% of the purchase price
B. 35% of the purchase price
C. 65% of the purchase price
D. 90% of the purchase price


By 1920, money for stockbrokers to lend to clients came mostly from:
A. their own pockets
B. businesses
C. banks
D. insurance money


During the 1920s, many large businesses were making money by
A. buying the stock of other companies
B. selling off capital investments
C. making loans to stockbrokers
D. trading internationally


A high volume of trading at the stock exchange usually means that
A. high-priced shares are being purchased
B. people are dumping cheap stock
C. the economy is doing well
D. businesses are investing in research and development


Stockbrokers committed suicide in 1929 because
A. they had engaged in wrongdoing and felt guilty
B. their company bosses ordered them too
C. they had lost everything as collateral on loans
D. they were connected to organized crime


Which of the following was NOT one of Galbraith's long-terms causes of the
Depression?
A. banks freezing assets when nearby banks closed
B. inability of European countries to pay back loans
C. bad advice from economic advisors
D. too much capital investment in research and technology


Which of the following was NOT a cause of the Dust Bowl?
A. planting the wrong kinds of crops
B. lack of vegetation holding down topsoil
C. drought
D. removal of native grasses


"Okies" are people who moved from the Dust Bowl region, many of them to
A. Minnesota
B. California
C. Mexico
D. Florida


The current causes of erosion and poor soil nutrition include all of the original causes of
the Dust Bowl, plus
A. overplanting
B. chemical fertilizers
C. artificial irrigation
D. new crops


The bonus for World War I veterans was due to be paid in
A. 1919
B. 1924
C. 1939
D. 1945


Anacostia, across the bridge from Washington DC, was the site of
A. the new Washington monument
B. camps of Bonus Army protestors
C. stockbroker suicides
D. anti-New Deal protests


What happened to the Bonus Bill as the veterans waited?
A. it was passed by House and Senate, but vetoed by the President
B. it was not passed by either house in Congress
C. it was passed by the House, but not the Senate
D. it was never voted on


After the Bonus Bill failed, Douglas MacArthur responded to the Bonus Army camps by
A. using troops to run the veterans out of town
B. helping veterans continue their protest
C. providing food and water for the children
D. obeying the President's orders


By 1932, socialist ideas seemed less scary because
A. the basic idea was the government taking care of its citizens
B. the Soviet Union had fallen
C. businesses were doing better
D. banks had nothing to worry about


President Hoover's solution to the Great Depression was
A. a New Deal
B. private charity and balancing the budget
C. massive government assistance
D. repairing infrastructure with government funding


Roosevelt's programs "primed the pump" of the economy using
A. business profits
B. gold reserves
C. deficit spending
D. trade surpluses


New Deal spending was based on the economic thinking of:
A. Herbert Hoover
B. John Kenneth Galbraith
C. Eleanor Roosevelt
D. John Maynard Keynes
Roosevelt's New Deal program:
A. brought the economy quickly out of the Depression
B. provided hope for millions of Americans
C. was supported by Republicans and Democrats alike
D. imitated Hoover's recovery programs

Contests where dancers earned money for staying on their feet the longest were called
A. dance marathons
B. dance halls
C. stay-on-your-feet contests
D. horse shoots


Which of the following was NOT a performer during the Great Depression?
A. Billie Holliday
B. James Dean
C. Lionel Hampton
D. Artie Shaw


Artie Shaw broke with tradition by
A. painting in the modernist style
B. hiring a black singer for a white band
C. playing music on the radio
D. making movies in color


Which of the following was NOT on the radio during the 1930s?
A. War of the Worlds
B. Billie Holiday
C. Lionel Hampton
D. It Happened One Night


War of the Worlds, which scared many radio listeners in 1938, was produced by
A. Artie Shaw
B. Clark Gable
C. Orson Welles
D. Billy Wilder


People were so jumpy about the radio show War of the Worlds because which of these
had just happened at the time?
A. Hitler annexing Austria
B. the Japanese bombing Pearl Harbor
C. the Dust Bowl
D. an actual alien landing


People wanting to see where the Martians landed in 1938 go visit
A. New York City
B. Hackensack, New Jersey
C. Grover's Mill, New Jersey
D. Los Angeles, California


Which of the following is NOT expressly prohibited by the Hays Code?
A. gentle kissing
B. prostitution
C. use of firearms
D. ministers as villains


It Happened One Night is an example of a
A. movie musical
B. screwball comedy
C. tragic drama
D. radio show


Many women's roles in screwball comedies were
A. domestic roles
B. smarter than the male roles
C. weak
D. not very attractive


Hollywood responded to the censorship of the Hays Code:
A. with protests
B. by disobeying the rules
C. by making highly creative films
D. by closing studios


The Hindenberg was
A. an ocean liner
B. the world's largest airplane
C. a super truck
D. a dirigible (air ship)


Document: Carey McWilliams described the living conditions of the Okies in California.
The reasons for McWilliams exposing such conditions might be similar to the reasons of
earlier Progressive:
A. John D. Rockefeller
B. Jacob Riis
C. Theodore Roosevelt
D. Jeannette Ranking

Document: Dorothea Lange's photo of the Migrant Mother is taken from a low angle,
probably to give its subject a sense of
A. sadness
B. delight
C. dignity
D. despair


Document: In Brother, Can You Spare a Dime? the guy begging for money was
previously
A. a soldier in World War I
B. wealthy
C. a newspaper reporter
D. giving money to others


Document: The advertisement Mobilization for Human Needs asks for support for
A. the government
B. local welfare agencies
C. private charities
D. the New Deal


Document: The ad They secretly pitied her husband promotes the benefits of
A. marriage
B. frozen food
C. canned food
D. neighborhood gossip


Document: Carey Williams' Okies in California reports that migrant settlements in
Salinas had problems with poor dwellings and bad
A. food
B. schools
C. roads
D. sanitation


Document: In Carey Williams' Okies in California, a Hoovertown or Hooverville is likely
named after
A. the vacuum cleaner company founder
B. J. Edgar Hoover
C. President Herbert Hoover
D. a Salinas local named Hoover


Document: Carey Williams explained that most migrant workers near Sacramento came
from
A. New York
B. other places in California
C. Mexico
D. Dust Bowl areas




Quiz 9: World War II


Fascism emerged in Italy
A. before the Great War
B. in 1922
C. during the Great Depression
D. just before World War II


Mussolini was
A. a leader of the Weimar Republic
B. an Italian immigrant to the U.S.
C. French
D. the founder of Italian fascism


Fascism is based on
A. communism
B. socialism
C. ultra-nationalism
D. Nazism


Italy's expansion during the 1930s was based on building
A. a united Europe
B. an Italian empire
C. close connections to the U.S.
D. alliance with Japan


The French invaded the Ruhr Valley because
A. Germany had not repaid the war debt
B. they wanted to start a war
C. they had high unemployment
D. Germany had stationed troops on the French border


As a result of hyperinflation in 1923, one American dollar was worth
A. 2 German marks
B. 100 German marks
C. 500,000 German marks
D. 4.3 trillion German marks


During hyperinflation in Germany
A. people were thrown out of their apartments
B. only physical goods and foreign money had any value
C. children were carefully protected
D. people saved German marks inside their mattresses


The Weimar Republic was established in Germany after the Great War even though
A. Germany had won the war
B. France objected
C. Germany had never been a republic
D. there was no one to lead it


During the 1920s, Hitler received cheers at rallies because he
A. spoke excellent German
B. supported the republic
C. ran the German state
D. tore up the Treaty of Versailles


Hitler claimed that Jews and communists
A. valued their international connections more than the nation of Germany
B. were godless
C. supported the Soviet Union
D. were no threat to Nazism


Disenfranchising the Jews benefitted the Nazis because
A. Jews were draining the social services of Germany
B. many banks and businesses were owned by Jews
C. they became farmers
D. they joined the German army


Which of the following did NOT occur in 1933?
A. German withdrawal from the League of Nations
B. over 30 political parties in Germany
C. Hitler became Chancellor
D. Germany invaded Czechoslovakia


Germany had a military to deploy during the 1930s because
A. The League of Nations had not checked up on Germany
B. The Nazis borrowed equipment from the Italian government
C. Hans von Seekt had been secretly remilitarizing in the Soviet Union
D. They had purchased American arms.


Germany and Italy were able to practice their new weaponry supporting Franco in
A. Czechoslovakia
B. the Rhineland
C. Spain
D. North Africa


"Blitzkrieg" meant
A. lightening war
B. surprise attack
C. night war
D. frostbite


In annexing the Rhineland and the Sudetenland, Hitler claimed he was trying to
A. anger France
B. reunite Germany
C. reject the Treaty of Versailles
D. annoy Mussolini


The secret part of the Non-Aggression Pact
A. divided Germany in half
B. agreed that the Soviet Union would attack Japan
C. allied Germany with the Soviet Union
D. allowed the Soviet Union to control the Baltic republics
September 1, 1939 marks the German invasion of
A. Poland
B. Lithuania
C. Czechoslovakia
D. the Sudetenland


With the Blitzkrieg technique, the role of infantry is
A. attacking at the front with machine guns
B. piloting airplanes
C. mopping up after mechanized attack
D. destroying communications


Which of the following is in the correct order of German occupation in World War II?
A. Holland, France, Czechoslovakia
B. Poland, Denmark, France
C. France, Denmark, Soviet Union
D. Czechoslovakia, France, Poland


Much of the world first became aware that Japan had modernized because of the
A. attack on Pearl Harbor
B. invasion of Manchuria
C. Russo-Japanese War
D. objections of China


As part of the League of Nations prior to the Depression, Japan had agreed to
A. support Chinese trade with the U.S.
B. supply rice to the U.S.
C. trade with Germany
D. limit her army and navy


Japan's militarism was based on a desire for
A. empire
B. international recognition
C. trade with Germany and Italy
D. control of Australia


The expansion of the Japanese empire was intended to achieve all of the following
goals EXCEPT
A. obtaining a steady supply of oil
B. a sufficiency of raw materials
C. food supplies from China
D. causing war with the U.S.


The Axis Powers were based on the idea of an axis of world power drawn from
A. London to Rome
B. Berlin to Rome
C. New York to Paris
D. Moscow to Paris


Japan joined the Axis Powers in order to
A. divide up Europe among Germany, Italy and Japan
B. expand fascism around the world
C. force the U.S. to fight on two fronts
D. gain access to the Soviet Union


The lecture implies that Hitler attacked the Soviet Union out of frustration with
A. failing to invade Britain
B. the Vichy in France
C. Josef Stalin
D. Japan


The attack on Pearl Harbor was designed to
A. bring the U.S. into the war
B. help Germany and Italy
C. destroy the American Pacific fleet
D. prevent the U.S. from helping Britain


The Japanese declared war on the United States
A. after the attack on Pearl Harbor
B. with the attack on Pearl Harbor
C. an hour before the attack on Pearl Harbor
D. they didn't


Yamamoto knew that the U.S. would be able to turn on Japan in the Pacific sooner than
expected because
A. two aircraft carriers hadn't been at Pearl
B. too many airplanes escaped the bombing at Pearl
C. they had not begun fighting Germany and Italy
D. the U.S. had a base in the Philippines


The children of women who worked in American war materials factories during World
War II were
A. cared for by their grandmothers
B. left alone all day
C. cared for in federally-funded day-care centers
D. employed at the factories also


Women were subject to prejudice during the war because they
A. were not competent as factory workers
B. took over jobs previously held by men
C. refused to do government work
D. engaged in nursing activities


Which was NOT a common way that a male factory worker might show distaste for
working with a female?
A. pinching her
B. giving her a tool but no instruction
C. making her do a tough job
D. assigning her to a unit with men in it


Factory owners often dealt with the problem of male harassment of female workers
during the war by:
A. not hiring women
B. separating male and female workers
C. not allowing one to supervise the other
D. giving women only non-physical jobs


Compared to home life, women considered wartime factory work to be
A. too physically demanding
B. less important
C. easy
D. not worthy of their skills


Which of the following was NOT an issue for most women on the home front during
World War II?
A. not enough supplies for the home and children
B. harassment in factory work
C. dissatisfaction with pay for factory work
D. no access to repair people


Women's roles in movies during the 1940s portrayed characters who were
A. strong and sassy
B. weak-willed
C. feminine and yielding
D. traditionally beautiful


Which of the following would be easy to buy in 1943?
A. a can opener
B. a toaster
C. elastic-legged diaper covers
D. war bonds


After the war, most women who worked outside the home
A. wanted to return to domestic duties
B. would have preferred to remain employed
C. kept their factory jobs
D. applied for executive jobs


In His Girl Friday, Rosalind Russell's character is a
A. reporter
B. housewife
C. factory worker
D. secretary


During World War II, most JapaneseAmericans on the west coast were
A. moved and interned in camps
B. arrested and sent to prison
C. drafted
D. taxed so they could stay in their homes


One community which protested the removal of JapaneseAmericans was:
A. Los Angeles
B. Santa Barbara
C. Bainbridge Island
D. Seattle


In the case Korematsu v United States, the Supreme Court decided that
JapaneseAmerican internment was
A. unconstitutional
B. constitutional
C. not acceptable
D. not the right of the President to order


In Supreme Court decisions, the dissenting opinion
A. is never published
B. states what the Court has ruled
C. represents the majority
D. states the objection to the ruling


In Korematsu v United States, the ruling is defended by
A. Justice Black
B. Justice Murphy
C. President Roosevelt
D. all nine justices


The song Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy was made famous by
A. Glen Miller
B. The Andrews Sisters
C. Rosemary Clooney
D. Artie Shaw


The Zoot Suit Riots occurred in
A. New York
B. Houston
C. Los Angeles
D. San Francisco


Document: In Justice Murphy's dissenting statement from Korematsu v. United States,
which is the reason he disagreed with the majority decision and Japanese internment in
general?
A. it institutionalized racism
B. it violated the Fourteenth Amendment of equal protection under the law
C. it violated the Fourth Amendment about search and seizure of property
D. it punished non-criminals

Document: In Langston Hughes' poem, he points out that the atrocities committed by
Hitler and Mussolini in Europe
A. are horrible
B. weren't that bad
C. were similar to how mainstream Americans treated black people
D. were no different than those committed by the British in the American Revolution


Document: According to Carey McWilliams, the race riots began shortly after a meeting
of MexicanAmerican youth at
A. a playground
B. the beach
C. the police substation
D. a community center


Document: In the Zoot Suit riots, the zoot-suiters were attacked primarily by
A. soliders and sailors
B. street gangs
C. other MexicanAmericans not wearing zoot suits
D. police


Document: In Carey McWilliams document on the Zoot Suit Riots, who does he blame
for building up anti-Mexican sentiment prior to the violence?
A. the police
B. the military
C. school teachers
D. the press


Document: According to Carey McWilliams, the official reports of the riots denied all of
the following facts EXCEPT
A. Mexican juvenile delinquency had risen slower than other groups
B. 98% of MexicanAmericans in Los Angeles were second-generation
C. the soldiers and sailors had acted in self-defense
D. the Zoot Suiters were more like clubs than gangs


Document: The ad I'd Rather Be With Them was designed to persuade women to
A. join the Women's Army Corps
B. get war work in the factories
C. ration food and metals
D. get fit


Document: The Franck Report claims that nuclear weapons are different than previous
weaponry because
A. they are stronger
B. they are harder to control
C. science cannot provide adequate protection against them
D. they have caused more misery than benefit


Document: The Franck Report recommends that instead of dropping a bomb on Japan,
the new atomic weapon should be
A. demonstrated on an uninhabited area
B. dropped on Germany
C. dismantled immediately
D. detonated underground


Document: If used against Japan, the Franck Report predicted
A. that the atmosphere would catch fire
B. an immediate arms race that would threaten the world
C. that it wouldn't work
D. that the Allies would be very pleased



Quiz 10: Cold War

Which of the following was not as involved as the others in determining Allied strategy
during World War II?
A. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
B. Winston Churchill
C. Charles de Gaulle
D. Josef Stalin


In photographs of the Big Three, you will usually see President Roosevelt
A. in a wheelchair
B. seated between Churchill and Stalin
C. from the side
D. by himself


During World War II, Churchill was wary of the expansionist ambitions of
A. France
B. Britain
C. the United States
D. the Soviet Union


British strategy against the Nazis during World War II was based on
A. attacking by sea first
B. attaching weak points first
C. using the techniques of Blitzkrieg
D. heading for Berlin as soon as possible


American strategy against the Nazis during World War II was based on
A. attacking by sea first
B. attaching weak points first
C. using the techniques of Blitzkrieg
D. heading for Berlin as soon as possible


The primary Soviet goal at strategy meetings during World War II was
A. saving the Balkans
B. bombing Japan
C. opening a second front in France
D. persuading Republican China to join the Allies


After the U.S. and the Soviet Union became allied with Britain, the first military move
was to capture
A. the Philippines
B. North Africa
C. Berlin
D. Italy


Britain's desire to attack the Balkans was based on an effort to not only defeat the
fascists but also prevent
A. the Soviet Union from occupying eastern Europe
B. the Japanese from attacking Manila
C. the United States making decisions about strategy
D. Britain from being invaded


The invasion of Normandy was referred to as
A. VJ Day
B. D-Day
C. Invasion Day
D. Second Front Day


The opening of the second front in France occurred in
A. 1939
B. 1941
C. 1944
D. 1945


The Nazi death camps were primarily liberated by troops from
A. Germany
B. the United States
C. Britain
D. the Soviet Union


The ideological, political and military division between eastern and western Europe was
referred to by Churchill as
A. the Pass
B. the Iron Curtain
C. the Communist Wall
D. the Berlin Wall


The lecture claims that the United Nations was located in the United States partly so
that
A. the U.S. would pay for it
B. Americans could control it
C. the U.S. couldn't leave it
D. it would be safe


Which member of the Security Council has an internal change of government that
caused conflict about its U.N. membership?
A. Britain
B. France
C. China
D. the Soviet Union


The General Assembly of the United Nations consists of representatives from
A. all member nations
B. the Security Council
C. embassies in the United States
D. only democratic member states


After the war, economic problems caused many people in Europe to vote for
A. democrats
B. republicans
C. fascists
D. communists


Eastern Europe rejected Marshall Plan money because
A. they didn't need it
B. it was based on loans they could not repay
C. communists said it was an effort to buy what the west couldn't win
D. it wasn't enough money to be helpful


The division of Berlin meant that people in the eastern Soviet-controlled part of the city
A. were assisted by Marshall Plan money even though it was behind the Iron Curtain
B. were unaffected by the division of the larger Germany
C. could see the more prosperous western portion of the city
D. had greater opportunities than people in the western portion

What is the "red hunt?"
A. Communists in the U.S. were hunted down
B. Communists in the U.S.S.R. were persecuted
C. The pursuit of U.S. spies in Russia
D. This term refers to Mao Zedong's takeover


Which social group revolted against its government because of Communist influence?
A. bourgeoisie
B. working class peasants
C. middle class citizens
D. upper class citizens


Which of the following did NOT occur in 1949?
A. the Soviet Union detonated an atomic bomb
B. Communists took over China
C. NATO was formed
D. the Korean War began


NATO includes many countries not on the North Atlantic, including
A. Turkey
B. Spain
C. Britain
D. the United States


North Korea invaded South Korea because
A. there were still Japanese occupying the south
B. there was a threat of American invasion
C. they wanted to unify the peninsula under a communist government
D. they wanted to unify the peninsula under a republican government


The lecture claims that President Truman asked the United Nations for help against
North Korea because
A. the U.S. couldn't fight the war alone
B. he knew Congress wouldn't vote for war
C. he expected the support of Russia
D. he expected the support of China


There was no veto of the U.N. going to Korea because
A. no one in the Security Council objected
B. the Security Council didn't exist yet
C. the issue only came to the General Assembly
D. the Soviets were boycotting the meeting


MacArthur's push far into North Korea was met by
A. a presidential order to desist
B. 300,000 Chinese troops
C. fierce resistance by the north Koreans
D. a Russian blockade


The Pusan Perimeter was
A. the area to which the Chinese pushed the southern forces
B. the other name for the 38th parallel
C. the blockade line around North Korea
D. the line of northernmost advance into North Korea


Most of the actual fighting in the Korean War was over by the end of
A. 1949
B. 1951
C. 1953
D. 1955


The Warsaw Pact was
A. The USSR and eastern Europe's response to NATO
B. a treaty between the Soviet Union and the United States
C. the agreement at the end of the Korean War
D. the cause of the partition of Germany
Hungary rebelled against Soviet influence in
A. 1949
B. 1952
C. 1956
D. 1963


The Warsaw Pact made sure that the Soviet Union would get involved if
A. NATO took any action anywhere
B. there was any western move against eastern Europe
C. Warsaw rebelled
D. there was any action in the Baltic Republics


The Soviet response to Hungary's efforts to call for free elections was
A. hearty approval
B. support against anti-republican forces
C. invasion with tanks
D. a strict reprimand


The "brain drain" during the Cold War refers to the emigration of
A. British expatriates from India
B. scientists from eastern Europe
C. former Nazis to Argentina
D. Americans to Europe after the war


The Berlin Wall was built in
A. 1945
B. 1954
C. 1961
D. 1968


The Berlin Wall was designed to
A. keep out western influence
B. prevent Marshall Plan money getting to the east
C. prevent the exchange of ideas
D. keep people behind the Iron Curtain


The American response to the Berlin Wall while it was being built was
A. none
B. tanks lined up watching, but no action
C. shots fired at east German troops
D. protest, since it was built on the western side


The primary reason the Soviet Union would want missile bases in Cuba in 1962 would
be
A. the launching of spy satellites
B. inter-ballistic missile capability
C. first strike capability
D. to control the Cuban population


The Soviet Union was stopped from setting up missiles in Cuba by a U.S.
A. quarantine blockade
B. military attack
C. protest to the United Nations
D. call to the Soviet premier


The Cold War satire in lecture was sung by
A. Milton Berle
B. Elvis Presley
C. Rosemary Clooney
D. Tom Lehrer


The red hunt against Hollywood was led by
A. Senator McCarthy
B. HUAC
C. President Truman
D. Samuel Goldwyn


Many historians consider the activities of HUAC and McCarthy to be reprehensible
because
A. there were no communists in Hollywood or the state department
B. so many people were imprisoned
C. they had no popular support
D. they repeatedly violated the Bill of Rights.


The Smith Act
A. outlawed the communist party
B. made it legal to be a communist
C. made it illegal to belong to a group advocating the overthrow of the government
D. dated from 1919


The Hollywood Ten
A. refused to testify against themselves
B. named names
C. caused the firing of many Hollywood writers
D. controlled films all through the 1950s


The Rosenberg case was about a couple accused of
A. selling atomic secrets to the Soviets
B. bank robbery
C. teaching evolution
D. helping the Cubans build missile bases


People built shelters in their backyards during the 1950s in an attempt to prepare for
A. earthquake
B. natural disaster
C. nuclear attack
D. a spaceship landing


Which of the following was NOT a sign of Cold War fear?
A. banning Thomas Jefferson's works
B. Invasion of the Body Snatchers
C. air raid drills in schools
D. Charlie Parker's compositions


In Invasion of the Body Snatchers, communism is symbolized by
A. aliens from space
B. a blob
C. marching armies of zombies
D. the Russian people


Compared to earlier jazz, examples from the 1950s are
A. simple and abstract
B. influenced by rock and roll
C. more complex and sophisticated
D. softer


Sarah Vaughan and Billie Holliday sang sentimental ballads of unrequited love known
as
A. love tunes
B. torch songs
C. heart music
D. jazz


Document: George C. Marshall argued that assistance to Europe was necessary in
order to promote
A. peace and stability
B. global trade
C. the American economy
D. democracy


Document: As discussed by George C. Marshall, if aid was not given to Europe, the
implied threat was that Europe would
A. starve
B. default on loans
C. turn to revolution in desperation
D. no longer be able to trade with the U.S.


Document: Albert Maltz began his statement by saying
A. that HUAC had no right to exist
B. how dedicated he was to American democracy
C. he was a member of the KKK
D. that he had done no wrong


Document: Maltz points out to HUAC that his films
A. were not subversive
B. were mostly musicals
C. were screened by the military
D. contained no ideas


Document: During examination, Albert Maltz
A. named communists working in Hollywood
B. refused to speak after his statement
C. pled the fifth amendment
D. refused to answer questions about which groups he belonged to


Document: Look up the word Quisling. Mr. Maltz likely called Mr. Stripling a Quisling to
hint that Stripling was collaborating with
A. the Republican party
B. the Democratic president
C. fascists
D. communists


Document: Although his veto was overridden, President Truman vetoed the Internal
Security Act because he believed it moved in the direction of
A. suppressing free ideas
B. allowing communists into the country
C. ignoring real problems
D. permitting foreign influence


Document: The caption for the photo of the H-bomb notes that it killed fishermen who
were
A. near the explosion
B. 5 miles away
C. 20 miles away
D. 85 miles away



Quiz 11: The Fifties


Which of the following took place in the 1950s?
A. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on the bus
B. The Marshall Plan begins
C. Vietnam War
D. Watergate burglary


"Organization men"
A. stayed home to raise children
B. were entrepreneurs
C. tried to rise within a single company
D. became politicians


The expectation during the 1950s was that middle class women would
A. work in heavy industry
B. stay home and raise children
C. be equal to men
D. earn their own living
Advertisements and media like the 1950s Fashion Show promoted the image of women
as:
A. world leaders.
B. political activists.
C. appendages to men.
D. independent thinkers.

The silhouette of women's fashions over time seems to reflect
A. politics
B. the emphasis on their fertility
C. the dependence of the U.S. on fashions from Europe
D. the kind of work women were expected to undertake


The end of rationing during World War II was obvious in
A. wide neckties
B. the size of food containers
C. full skirts
D. the trend toward conformity


The Problem That Has No Name referred to
A. syphilis
B. homosexuality
C. not find the male business job satisfying
D. not finding the female domestic role satisfying


A housewife reporting anxiety and stress to her doctor during the 1950s would likely be
A. referred to a therapist
B. prescribed tranquilizers
C. taken very seriously
D. told to get a job outside the home


The tension in popular culture between conformity and a desire not to conform is clear
in all of the following EXCEPT
A. the Beats
B. female movie star roles
C. the organization man
D. the musical South Pacific


Doris Day tended to play
A. housewives
B. women of mystery
C. villains
D. a helpless blonde


In Pillow Talk, Doris Day plays
A. a career woman who is happy living alone
B. a career woman who really wants to get married but won't admit it
C. a brainless housewife
D. a femme fatale


Marilyn Monroe was different from previous movie sex goddesses because she radiated
A. real sexuality
B. the dark side of sexuality
C. intelligence
D. innocence


Which of the following would NOT have contributed to the popularity of the $64,000
Question?
A. the answers were sealed under armed guard
B. winners could quit at any point
C. one missed question could cause a contestant to lose everything
D. it was rigged


Charles van Doren was known for
A. participating in the 21 game show scandal
B. winning the $64,000 Question
C. designing Disneyland
D. starring in films of the 1950s


The quiz show scandals caused a discussion of the role of television in promoting
A. advertising
B. women
C. morals
D. gaming


Which of the following is an example of a theme park?
A. Six Flags
B. Coney Island
C. Balboa
D. Disneyland
The lecture contains an extensive description of Disneyland as
A. a time capsule of the past
B. a family amusement
C. a major money-maker
D. a waste of time


The Disneyland ride which best reflected the mentality of the 1950s would likely be:
A. Star Tours
B. Carousel of Progress
C. Tiki Room
D. American the Beautiful


Which of the following musicals dealt with racial issues in its subplot?
A. Hooray for Hollywood
B. The Glenn Miller Story
C. Showboat
D. Camille


The lyricist known for dealing with social issues in musicals was
A. Richard Rogers
B. Lorenz Hart
C. George M Cohan
D. Oscar Hammerstein II


Producers wanted to cut the song "You've Got to Be Taught" from the musical South
Pacific because it
A. used poor English
B. featured curse words
C. insulted the producers
D. dealt frankly with racism


Popular new dances during the 1950s included
A. the mambo and cha-cha
B. the waltz and foxtrot
C. the Charleston and black bottom
D. the varsity rag


Elvis Presley said he was influenced by
A. Chicago blues
B. jazz
C. southern gospel
D. Seattle grunge


One of the strongest female singers in country music during the 1950s was
A. Billie Holliday
B. Patsy Cline
C. Tammy Wynette
D. Lena Horne


--------
Document: Which value is NOT expressed in the '49 Ford ad?
A. high quality
B. newness
C. convenience
D. thrift


Document: The Viceroy cigarette ad emphasizes
A. better technology
B. how one appears when smoking
C. sex appeal
D. health issues


Document: The ads for All detergent imply that prior to this product
A. doing laundry was more difficult
B. laundry soap created too many suds
C. laundry detergent was less expensive but not as good
D. clothes didn't last as long


Document: Ferlinghetti's Dog is a Beat poem where the greatest value is
A. love
B. loyalty
C. freedom
D. compassion


Document: Ferlinghetti's Dog seems completely natural, aside from an awareness of
A. local politics
B. Hollywood movies
C. women
D. fashion


Document: In Beat works like Lawrence Ferlinghetti's Dog, the focus is on:
A. living in the moment.
B. Soviet communism.
C. intellectual analysis.
D. women.

Document: Betty Friedan said that a woman was "respected as a full and equal partner
to man" as a
A. workplace colleague
B. wife and mother
C. soldier
D. secretary


Document: According to Friedan, American women who weren't satisfied with their
domestic roles during the 1950s were
A. ashamed to admit it
B. very rare
C. too much like French women
D. in the workplace




Quz 12: War and Activism

Which of the following was NOT an indelible image of the Vietnam War years?
A. Buddhist monks burning themselves to death
B. flower children
C. fighting along the 38th parallel
D. a student lying dead at Kent State


Civil rights are those that derive from
A. Article III of the Constitution
B. the Bill of Rights
C. the United Nations statement on Human Rights
D. legal precedent


During the 1950s, Plessy v Ferguson was overturned by Brown v Board of Education
and within a few years
A. segregation in schools and railway cars stopped immediately
B. blacks achieved equality in society
C. a black man was elected President
D. a movement was needed to enforce it


Women, blacks, whites, old and young often worked together in which movement?
A. college protests
B. anti-Vietnam protests
C. civil rights protests
D. pro-government marches


Some civil rights workers began to realize a contradiction between the civil rights goals
of the late 1950s and 1960s and
A. women's equality
B. the conditions of factory workers
C. what the civil rights movement was achieving
D. the law


Women in major civil rights organizations
A. took leadership roles
B. provided much of the intellectual foundation for the movement
C. were relegated to serving coffee and making beds
D. were able to work for women's rights inside the organizations


Henry David Thoreau had engaged in passive resistance by refusing to pay the poll tax
for the
A. Civil War
B. Mexican War
C. French and Indian War
D. Vietnam War


Thoreau considered that refusing to follow the law
A. was always wrong
B. is necessary if the law is immoral
C. meant certain exile from society
D. was usually possible


In addition to Thoreau, the inspiration for Martin Luther King's form of passive resistance
was
A. Kwame Nkruhmah in Ghana
B. Henry David Longfellow
C. Cesar Chavez
D. Mohandes Gandhi in India


Malcolm X believed that passive resistance
A. prevents pride and allows one to be beaten
B. was an effective technique
C. forces the oppressors to stop
D. was the same technique used by slaves


Malcolm X tried to recreate the pride of pre-slave Africans by
A. creating connections with African nations
B. reclaiming African culture for black Americans
C. engaging in acts of passive resistance
D. integrating blacks and whites


For Black Power advocates, black empowerment could best be achieved through
A. passive resistance
B. political channels
C. separation of black and white
D. moral strength


To Malcolm X, violence was appropriate
A. in self-defense
B. against police
C. against whites
D. on no occasion


Your instructor's views of black integrationism were challenged by a lecture given by
A. Cesar Chavez
B. Martin Luther King Jr
C. Gloria Steinem
D. James Meredith


Cesar Chavez is best known for
A. being the first MexicanAmerican governor of California
B. organizing the United Farm Workers
C. protesting the Vietnam War
D. fighting for Black Power
The first UFW boycott of table grapes was called in
A. 1955
B. 1961
C. 1967
D. 1980


Cesar Chavez made it necessary for agri-business to
A. bargain collectively with farm workers
B. lower prices
C. sell to larger markets
D. lobby the legislature for new laws


Which of the following is NOT a region of Vietnam?
A. Tongking
B. Champa
C. Annam
D. Cambodia


During World War II, control of Vietnam went from France to
A. China
B. Japan
C. the United States
D. Ho Chi Minh


The Viet Minh fought
A. against China
B. against Japan, then France
C. for the Japanese
D. on the side of the United States


The Indo-Chinese War ended with
A. a victory for China
B. a victory for France
C. the division of Vietnam
D. a separation along the 38th parallel


Philosophically, 1954 Vietnam was divided into
A. Communism and Buddhism
B. Communism and Democracy
C. Democracy and Republicanism
D. Western and Eastern


In response to the weakness of the South Vietnamese government, President Kennedy
sent
A. troops
B. police
C. advisors
D. a letter


"It became necessary to destroy the town to save it" indicates the difficulty of
A. fighting in towns instead of battlefields
B. being overseas to fight
C. identifying the enemy
D. controlling war protesters


The Vietnam War was difficult to win for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
A. lack of preparedness for guerilla or jungle warfare
B. the enemy were often hidden
C. lack of coordination among branches of the armed forces
D. an all-volunteer army


The Weathermen was an example of
A. peaceful protestors
B. violent protest against the Vietnam War
C. protestors who put flowers in gun barrels
D. resistance from within the military


The main reason that colleges were hives of activity during the 1960s was that
A. professors were emphasizing action instead of just ideas
B. they were crowded with baby boomers
C. so few men had been drafted
D. there were no jobs available for young people


The lecture postulates that it is only possible to focus on issues of self-enlightenment
when
A. ones basic needs are taken care of
B. one has proper religious training
C. one has read several works about enlightenment
D. one has taken certain drugs
Protests about the college curriculum often focused on
A. health requirements
B. equal focus on women
C. the relevance of what was being taught
D. campus food


The student protestors at Kent State were shot by
A. the National Guard
B. the U.S. Army
C. the campus police
D. each other


The lecture points out that 1960s trends like communal living and free love
A. were immoral
B. are trends that recur in history
C. take advantage of women
D. weren't very popular


According to the lecture, hallucinogens were often used during the 1960s to
A. eliminate pain
B. deliberately break the law
C. seek self-enlightenment
D. separate from society


Motown Records was named after the town of
A. Detroit
B. Flint
C. New York
D. Tallahassee


The Grateful Dead were
A. a group of war veterans
B. a rock band
C. leaders of war protests
D. not very popular


Burt Bacharach and Hal David were
A. politicians
B. writers of pop songs
C. movie producers
D. scientists


In the film Guess Who's Coming to Dinner, the daughter announces that she is to marry
a man who is
A. poor
B. not educated
C. foreign
D. black


The space race was begun by the successful launching of
A. Apollo 1
B. the Mercury program
C. Sputnik
D. the International Space Station


Which of the following was NOT involved in the U.S. or Soviet space program?
A. John Glenn
B. Alan Shepard
C. Yuri Gagarin
D. Jerry Garcia


The first landing on the moon was in
A. 1961
B. 1964
C. 1969
D. 1971


A string of unmanned missions followed the disaster of
A. the Friendship Seven mission
B. the first American space walk
C. Apollo 1
D. Apollo 8


------
Document: The Port Huron Statement promoted the idea of
A. republicanism
B. participatory democracy
C. increased consciousness
D. immediate justice
Document: Economically, the authors of the Port Huron Statement believed that work
should be
A. done with dignity regardless of the job
B. a means to earning money for a better life
C. creative and satisfying
D. decided by national needs


Document: The Port Huron statement talks about "international" violence, which likely
means
A. war
B. uprisings in Europe
C. the National Guard
D. the Soviet Union


Document: Martin Luther King Jr called the idea of gradually achieving rights for
AfricanAmericans
A. the opiate of the masses
B. an ideas whose time had come
C. better than what Malcolm X had in mind
D. a tranquilizing drug


Document: Martin Luther King Jr noted that in fighting for justice people must not
engage in
A. illegal acts
B. boycotts
C. hatred
D. acts against the government


Document: Martin Luther King Jr notes that not only is the problem that some black
Americans could not vote, but that many
A. could not register
B. had nothing to vote for
C. could not get jobs
D. were not allowed to go to the polls


Document: In the Memo on Sexual Roles in SNCC, it was noted that women in the civil
rights movement:
A. led most of the sit-ins.
B. were valued.
C. were given second-rate status.
D. made the crucial decisions for action.

Document: In the Memo on Sexual Roles in SNCC, in addition to problems between
women and men, there was conflict between
A. white and black women
B. white and black men
C. rich and poor colleagues
D. male members of the hierarchy


Document: In his statement on Vietnam, John Kerry revealed:
A. the brutality of soldiers during a misguided war.
B. the superiority of American military leadership.
C. the cruelty of the North Vietnamese prison camps.
D. the support of the vast majority of Americans for the Vietnam War.

Document: In Kerry's statement on Vietnam, the use of the term Winter Soldier implies
that the soldiers who committed horrible acts were
A. weak
B. working under horrible conditions
C. easily influenced by others
D. vicious by nature


Document: In Kerry's statement on Vietnam, it is apparent that the South Vietnamese
A. were attacking Americans
B. were providing bad information
C. were not very enthusiastic about defending their territory
D. could not be contacted by the American military


Document: In Kerry's statement on Vietnam, he claims that the U.S. was dragging out
the process of withdrawal because
A. they were negotiating with the north Vietnamese
B. the government couldn't get everyone evacuated quickly
C. not enough North Vietnamese had been killed
D. they could not admit the war was lost


Document: In Klinkhammer's report, the evacuation of Saigon was
A. chaotic and horrible
B. orderly
C. done in order of worst wounded first
D. assisted by south Vietnamese people
Document: In Klinkhammer's report, throughout the evacuation of Saigon, the North
Vietnamese Army
A. watched from behind enemy lines
B. bombed the retreating people
C. continued peace talks
D. assisted


Document: Klinkhammer, who reported the evacuation of Saigon, was stationed on the
A. USS Hornet
B. USS Bennington
C. USS Coral Sea
D. USS Midway




Quiz 13: Inclusion and Exclusion

Watergate did NOT include which of these?
A. a break-in at Democratic National Headquarters
B. a cover-up of a conspiracy
C. involvement of the President
D. conspiracy about the moon landing


CREEP was the group chosen by Nixon to
A. investigate Watergate
B. run his re-election campaign
C. deal with Woodward and Bernstein
D. run the CIA


CREEP used the money coerced from businesses to
A. buy votes
B. fund "dirty tricks"
C. pay off Democrats
D. support Republican candidates


Watergate was most intensely investigated by a team of reporters from the
A. New York Post
B. New York Times
C. Washington Post
D. Los Angeles Times
Nixon met with CREEP leaders at
A. a Holiday Inn outside Washington DC
B. the Watergate Hotel
C. the White House
D. the La Costa Spa


Which of the following is true regarding Watergate?
A. Nixon resigned
B. Nixon was impeached
C. Judge Sirica resigned
D. President Nixon was not involved


The leaders of CREEP who committed crimes to get Nixon re-elected
A. said they were tricked into their actions
B. repented later
C. believed only Nixon could save the country
D. actually did nothing illegal


There is an argument that the Watergate criminals had become inured to illegality
because of the actions of
A. previous Presidents
B. civil rights groups and war protestors
C. Congress
D. other nations


The big change after Watergate was in how Americans view
A. the role of the press
B. the responsibilities of the House of Representatives
C. the President
D. re-election campaigns


To environmentalists, the biggest crime of the military-industrial complex was causing
A. war
B. enmity with other nations
C. elections to be won by Republicans
D. pollution


During the 1960s, chemical waste was
A. disposed of in ordinary landfills
B. treated separately as hazardous waste
C. transported in special containers
D. nonexistent


The Greenpeace archive video shows protests against
A. the Vietnam War
B. whaling
C. commercial television
D. college curriculum


The environmental scientist who exposed the dangers of DDT was
A. Ralph Nader
B. Carl Bernstein
C. Rachel Carson
D. John Muir


Love Canal had a problem with pollution causing
A. human cancer
B. mutations in animals
C. slow crop growth
D. school closures


After World War I, Palestine
A. was taken over by Arabs
B. became a Jewish state
C. became an Arab state
D. became a British mandate


In 1947, the United Nations
A. made Palestine a Jewish state
B. made Palestine an Arab state
C. partitioned Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state
D. abandoned Palestine to war


The Arab response to the partitioning of Palestine was
A. a national celebration
B. conflict between Palestinian Arabs and other Arabs
C. acceptance
D. an attack on Israel
The OPEC boycott in 1973-4 was the result of the U.S. support for Israel in
A. 1947
B. the Yom Kippur War
C. the arms race
D. the face of resistance from the United Nations


In addition to a gasoline shortage, the OPEC boycott caused
A. lower agricultural prices
B. price inflation
C. more pollution
D. international shipping problems


Solar panels were put on the White House roof by
A. President Carter
B. President Nixon
C. Lois Gibbs
D. Greenpeace


Coincidentally, the film The China Syndrome came out shortly before
A. the OPEC boycott
B. the moon landing
C. the Three Mile Island nuclear plant accident
D. the installation of solar panels on the White House


The recent events at Fukushima have caused Americans to be reminded of
A. the OPEC crisis
B. the Three Mile Island accident
C. the inherent safety of nuclear power
D. chemical pollution


During the 1970s, nuclear power plant inspection
A. was not required
B. had documents that were sometimes falsified
C. did not occur in the United States
D. turned up problems that were repaired


The biggest economic issue of the early 1980s was
A. the Arab-Israeli conflict
B. the gold standard
C. the trade deficit
D. inflation


The Reagan administration's strategy for the economy relied on a theory that money
A. needs to be spent by the government to prime the economy
B. should be given to the poor via direct aid
C. trickles down from tax cuts for the wealthy and businesses
D. should be spent to subsidize unemployment insurance


Raising the interest rate was designed to slow inflation and
A. encourage lenders to lend people money
B. balance the budget
C. improve the trade deficit
D. help people pay back credit


The Bush administration abandoned Reaganomics because
A. they didn't believe in the trickle-down theory
B. they were Keynesians
C. too many people couldn't pay back their loans
D. the budget had been balanced


The Islamic Revolution in Iran occurred in
A. 1968
B. 1973
C. 1978
D. 1980


Americans paid close attention to the Islamic Revolution in Iran because
A. we had close ties with Persia
B. many Americans were Muslim
C. terrorists there were holding Americans hostage
D. they controlled oil


Shi'ism is
A. a radical sect of Islam
B. prevalent throughout the Arab states
C. the religion of Israel
D. the same as Sunni Islam
The American concern about the Sandinistas was that they were
A. cooperating with the CIA
B. fascists
C. supplying other Marxists in Latin America
D. expanding into Mexico


Reagan's request to arm the Contras was in opposition to
A. fascists in Latin America
B. Congress
C. the government of Mexico
D. advice given by Oliver North


The Boland Amendments were designed to prevent
A. the expansion of Marxism in Latin America
B. covert operations in Nicaragua
C. the expansion of the Soviet Union into eastern Europe
D. Congress from controlling foreign policy


The Sandinistas supplied arms to Marxist rebels who were resisting the government of
El Salvador, a government which
A. was also Marxist
B. hated the United States
C. traded with the Soviet Union
D. supported right-wing death squads


During the Reagan administration, members of the National Security Council
A. had little power
B. supported the Boland Amendment
C. sold arms to Iran and funded the Contras
D. had been involved in Watergate


The "fall guy" testifying his actions were right despite violating the Constitution and
Congressional order in the Iran-Contra scandal was
A. Admiral John Poindexter
B. CIA Director William Casey
C. Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North
D. Ronald Reagan


The Presidential Commission on the Status of Women was founded by which
administration?
A. Kennedy
B. Johnson
C. Carter
D. Reagan


The final break between racial civil rights and women's rights movements occurred as
the result of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
A. disbanding
B. refusing to fight discrimination against women
C. refusing to support equal opportunity for black Americans
D. hiring Stokely Carmichael


The National Organization of Women was formed in response to lack of action on the
part of
A. modern feminists
B. the Presidential Commission
C. the EEOC
D. middle-class women


Executive Order 11375, forbidding government contracts discriminating against females
and urging affirmative action, was given by President
A. Eisenhower
B. Kennedy
C. Johnson
D. Carter


In 1968, the event protested as symbolic of the exploitation of women was
A. the Easter Parade
B. the Rose Parade
C. the Miss America Pageant
D. the Mr Universe contest


According to the lecture, feminists burned bras and girdles as symbols of oppression
because
A. they forced the female body into unnatural shapes
B. they were manufactured by foreign companies
C. they had been designed by men
D. they made all women look alike
The emphasis of 1960s feminism on economic and political equality shifted in the 1970s
to a focus on
A. sexuality
B. ideology
C. class
D. race


Lesbian feminist groups were
A. rare
B. treated poorly by other ranks of feminists
C. not as radical as straight feminist groups
D. submerged within other groups


For feminism, the 1980s featured
A. continual progress dating back to the 1920s
B. a backlash against feminist values
C. the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment
D. movie roles showing female independence


Which movie showed a career woman giving up her independence to care for a child?
A. Cagney and Lacey
B. Mr. Mom
C. Baby Boom
D. Working Girl


Cagney and Lacey was one of the few 1980s shows that
A. showed women in domestic roles
B. had women in leading roles
C. dealt with raising children
D. featured strong career women


Fashion changes for women during the 1980s attempted to bring back
A. flowers and frills
B. the vamp look from the 1920s
C. the wild designs of the 1960s
D. more comfortable clothing


In my selection of feminist music, most of the songs:
A. demonstrate the rising independence of females.
B. emphasize women as wives and mothers.
C. portray women in a negative light.
D. are ballads.

Which is the 1980s song representing feminism?
A. I Am Woman
B. Hit Me With Your Best Shot
C. Right Through You
D. Woman is the Nigger of the World


The Reggae sound is represented in lecture by
A. Bruce Springsteen
B. Billy Joel
C. Bob Marley
D. Jack Johnson


Bruce Springsteen's Darlington County is working class rock and roll, but the lecture
points out it also
A. appealed to richer people
B. talks about money
C. has a broader appeal
D. objectifies women


The new music during the 1970s was
A. folk music
B. protest music
C. disco
D. blues


The rock song taking us through history from 1949 was written by
A. Bruce Springsteen
B. Janis Joplin
C. Bob Marley
D. Billy Joel


Which two nations went to war in 1980?
A. El Salvador and Nicaragua
B. Kuwait and Iraq
C. Iraq and Iran
D. Israel and Jordan
According to lecture, in the war between Iran and Iraq, the United States
A. supported Iraq
B. supported Iran
C. stayed neutral
D. supported both sides to keep the war going


Iraq attacked Kuwait in order to obtain
A. clear access to the Person Gulf
B. an alliance with the new Palestinian state
C. a better position to fight with Iran
D. the crown of Kuwait for Saddam Hussein


Operation Desert Shield sent troops to
A. Kuwait
B. Iraq
C. Saudi Arabia
D. a ship in the Gulf


Operation Desert Shield began
A. 5 days after Iraq invaded Kuwait
B. on the day of the deadline given to Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait
C. at the request of the exiled government of Kuwait
D. as a result of U.N. Resolution 678


The lecture claims a deal was made so that the United States didn't make a big deal
about killings at Tianenmen Square, and China agreed to
A. stop human rights abuses
B. trade fairly with the United States
C. increase the value of the yuan
D. not veto the resolution on war to free Kuwait.


"I don't think I need it" was President Bush's view on
A. whether to occupy Kuwait
B. getting Congress' approval to declare war
C. Britain's offer of additional troops
D. the U.N. resolution to invade Kuwait


According to the lecture, Robert Dole's switch from full opposition to full support for war
in Kuwait in less than two weeks demonstrates
A. fear of losing face
B. support for a Democratic president
C. the influence of Europe
D. memories of Vietnam


Press reporting of the War for Kuwait (Gulf War) was
A. in-depth and intellectual
B. better on TV than in printed media
C. censored by the Pentagon
D. instrumental in turning Americans against the war


Document: The ad Kama Mama, Kama Binti advertises a product by emphasizing
A. its cost
B. AfricanAmerican culture
C. how new it is
D. the quality of the product


Document: In the ad for 2 Great Ways You Can Help Our Environment, people are
encouraged to buy a bird feeder and
A. keep it full
B. stop a building project
C. pay for a tree to be planted
D. join the Sierra Club


Document: Lois Gibbs began informing herself about the buried and polluted Love
Canal when she found out that
A. there was a newspaper article about it
B. she realized her son's school was built on top of it
C. monkeys exposed to those chemicals miscarried or had deformed offspring
D. someone with a petition came to her door


Document: As she went door-to-door, Lois Gibbs discovered that many people in the
neighborhood
A. didn't care
B. already knew about Love Canal
C. had left town
D. had mysterious medical problems


Document: People in Lois Gibbs' neighborhood who didn't want to know about the
problem were concerned about
A. themselves
B. property values
C. the school
D. their kids


Document: Gloria Steinem's If Men Could Menstruate points out the feminist emphasis
on:
A. legislative change
B. politics
C. voting rights
D. equality

Document: Gloria Steinem's tone is similar to that of
A. Mark Twain
B. William Jennings Bryan
C. John Kerry
D. Stephen Klinkhammer


Document: In President Carter's Press Conference on the Iran Hostage Crisis, he is
careful to note that this was not a crime based on
A. international problems
B. the takeover of the Iranian government
C. American actions elsewhere in the world
D. the tenets of any religion


Document: In the Press Conference on the Iran Hostage crisis, a reporter implied that
Americans were viewing the situation as indicative of
A. the decline of the power of the United States
B. a reassessment of American priorities
C. weakness in the new Iranian government
D. the President's own weakness


Document: In the Press Conference on the Iran Hostage crisis, Carter noted that the
U.S. had become a stronger nation recently because of
A. actions against Islamic nations
B. increased military presence
C. stronger alliances with other countries
D. other nations becoming weaker


Document: In its perception of the current state of women, Susan Faludi's Backlash has
most in common with the document written by:
A. Margaret Sanger
B. Emmeline Wells.
C. Betty Friedan
D. Carey McWilliams.

Document: According to Susan Faludi, women in the 1980s were being told in every
corner of popular culture that women are now full citizens and are also
A. achieving high status in the professions
B. more satisfied with their lives
C. more miserable than they have ever been because of feminism
D. stronger


Document: Susan Faludi notes that many 1980s movies feature female characters who
A. were frustrated and desperate for a man or babies
B. were satisfied professionals earning more money than ever before
C. held real power in the world of business or politics
D. were independent and strong


Document: Susan Faludi notes that the U.S. Attorney General's Commission on
Pornography claimed that so many women at colleges and in the workforce meant
A. a higher standard of living
B. more opportunity to be raped
C. a larger market for pornography
D. a stronger nation


Document: Faludi notes that the percentage of women crediting feminism for improving
their lives is
A. 25-30%
B. 45-50%
C. 55-65%
D. 75-95%



Quiz 14: Contemporary U.S.

The lecture says that criticism of a President before the 1970s was based on
A. personal like or dislike
B. the performance of the President in office
C. his political party
D. his choice of advisers


President Roosevelt had been photographed in such a way as to
A. make him look handsome
B. emphasis his humble origins
C. de-emphasize that he needed assistance to walk
D. make any infirmity obvious


Presidential extra-marital affairs before the 1970s were
A. not covered in the traditional press
B. nonexistent
C. covered in detail as examples of immorality at the top
D. popular reading in the newspapers


The first president to have his sex life covered in excruciating detail was
A. Franklin Delano Roosevelt
B. George Bush
C. Jimmy Carter
D. Bill Clinton


The only war where reporters were not subject to some form of government censorship
has been
A. the Spanish-American War
B. World War II
C. the Vietnam War
D. the Gulf War


How many American homes had internet access as of 2009?
A. 40%
B. 56%
C. 68%
D. 90%


The internet was originally designed to
A. help friends and family communicate
B. send messages across the globe
C. help universities and the military create networks
D. create a profit


The "research problem" caused by the internet relates to
A. difficulty obtaining resources
B. determining what is reliable information and interpretation
C. sites being blocked in the schools
D. using correct citations for internet research


In the lecture, "social media" is seen as an extension of a trend begun by the
A. telegraphy
B. television
C. interstate road network
D. cell phone


Which of the following is NOT a point being made by the clip from the film Clueless?
A. disconnected families
B. cell phone dependence
C. overlap of work and home space
D. importance of friendship


Beginning in the 1990s, the cultural center indicated by businesses and TV shows was
A. the workplace
B. school
C. the streets
D. the home


Trends in everything from TV shows to schooling to warehouse stores indicate a 1990s
interest in
A. women's rights
B. the home
C. the police force
D. education


The 1990s and 2000s indicate a looser definition of what constitutes
A. family
B. war
C. presidential indiscretions
D. information


Which of the following was NOT a drug that became popular in the 1990s and 2000s?
A. Ritalin
B. Viagra
C. Prozac
D. Valium
Which of the following was new in the 1990s and 2000s?
A. warehouse DIY stores
B. home schooling
C. home births
D. drugs for mood disorders


Between 1991 and 1995, the number of children aged 2-4 taking psychoactive
medication increased
A. by 10%
B. by 50%
C. by 75%
D. by 300%


Massive use of antibiotics in the last 90 years has led to
A. the eradication of certain diseases
B. the emergence of germs that are resistant to antibiotics
C. the end of tuberculosis
D. the end of bacterial infection


The Affordable Health Care Act of 2010 was focused on
A. health insurance
B. quality care
C. access to the best medical techniques
D. increasing the number of doctors and nurses


Ladybugs and cane toads are examples of attempts at
A. diverse zoos
B. more exotic pets
C. biological control of pests
D. genetic engineering


Transgenic foods are designed to make food
A. tastier
B. easier to grow or harvest
C. more natural
D. more nutritious


One problem with transgenic foods is evident in the presence of nut genes in
A. peanut butter
B. infant formula
C. strawberries
D. antibiotics


In 2001, it was estimated that the percentage of grocery store products containing
genetically modified ingredients was
A. 15-20%
B. 35-40%
C. 60-70%
D. 90-100%


Protestors at the WTO conference in Seattle in 1999 were opposing
A. genetically-modified foods
B. the entrance of China into the WTO
C. globalization
D. Russian domination of the meeting


In the lecture, the founding of the European Union is used as an example of expanding
A. environmental standards
B. globalization
C. European influence on the United States
D. borders


The protocol at Kyoto was designed to create
A. a new international body
B. a reduction in global warming
C. opportunities for nuclear power
D. peace


The relationship between the U.S. and the Kyoto Protocol as of 2001 is
A. the U.S. has ratified the protocol
B. the U.S. has withdrawn from the protocol
C. the U.S. had no influence over the development of the protocol
D. the U.S. is not a member of the United Nations and thus has no relationship to the
protocol


The only developed country that has not ratified the Kyoto Protocol to reduce carbon
emissions is
A. Britain
B. France
C. Germany
D. the United States


The disasters of September 11, 2001 were caused by terrorists using
A. bombs
B. nuclear devices
C. airplanes
D. big-rig trucks


In the unprecedented House Joint Resolution 64 (2001), the George W. Bush
administration was permitted to
A. determine who was a threat to the United States and use force
B. investigate the 9/11 attacks
C. go after al-Qaeda in all Middle East nations
D. request Congress for permission to go to war against terror


In casting her vote on House Joint Resolution 64 (2001), Barbara Lee had the most in
common with
A. Jeannette Rankin
B. Bob Dole
C. George W. Bush
D. Hamilton Fish


The first nation attacked in the aftermath of 9/11 was
A. Iran
B. Iraq
C. Afghanistan
D. Egypt


Which of the following was fully covered by U.S. media in the 1990s and 2000s?
A. engineering causes of the collapse of the World Trade Center
B. the peace movements against the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq
C. the motives of George W. Bush in deciding on war
D. the sexual activities between President Clinton and Monica Lewinsky


The U.S., backed by Britain and Spain, invaded Iraq specifically to
A. assure access to oil
B. remove Sadaam Hussein from power
C. punish Iraq for its attack on Kuwait years before
D. support Israel
Which country song shows the pro-war support for invading Afghanistan and Iraq?
A. Patsy Cline's Crazy
B. Dixie Chicks' Travelin' Soldier
C. Toby Keith's Courtesy of the Red, White and Blue
D. Willie Nelson's Blue Eyes Crying in the Rain


The response of anti-war rock bands to the Bush administration's declaration of an Axis
of Evil was called the
A. Axis of Rock
B. Axis of Music
C. Axis of Peace
D. Axis of Justice


What is a previous example of a war which, like Afghanistan, did not have a concrete
objective?
A. Spanish-American War
B. World War I
C. World War II
D. Vietnam War


The U.S.A. Patriot Act has similarities to previous acts such as
A. the Homestead Act
B. the Smith Act
C. the National Park Act
D. the Civil Rights Act of 1964


The most important voting bloc for Obama in the election of 2008 was
A. AfricanAmericans
B. Latinos
C. women
D. young people


The dissatisfaction of groups like the Tea Party on the right is mirrored on the left by
groups like
A. the Republican party
B. Occupy Wall Street
C. the New Anarchists
D. the Socialist Party of America
Document: Al Gore traces the communications revolution back to the
A. telephone
B. telegraph
C. railroad
D. computer


Document: Al Gore said that the best way for government to foster the information age
is to
A. fund it for ten years
B. set goals then encourage competition
C. set up its own infrastructure
D. work on transportation first


Document: The peaceful Seattle protests against the WTO became more destructive
because of the actions of
A. ordinary protestors
B. President Clinton
C. a group of anarchists
D. the crowd


Document: Instead of arresting protestors, the police at the Seattle WTO protests
A. surrounded the area
B. joined the protestors
C. watched the protests
D. used tear gas


Document: Jim Morin's Gas Station Cartoon implies that money people paid for gasoline
went to
A. al-Qaeda via Saudi Arabia
B. the U.S. government
C. China
D. 9/11 victims


Document: Anthony Romero blames the decline of freedom of speech in the early 21st
century on
A. arguments about conscription
B. the war against terrorism
C. the Kyoto Protocol
D. public apathy
Document: Anthony Romero notes a number of similar examples of civil liberties
restrictions during
A. the 1950s
B. the 1920s
C. World War I
D. the Vietnam War


Document: Anthony Romero's points on civil liberties are closest to those of this activist:
A. Jacob Riis
B. Upton Sinclair
C. Lois Gibbs
D. Emma Goldman

Document: The Kyoto Protocol is designed to help climate change problems by
A. reducing carbon emissions
B. forcing governments to use fewer resources
C. harvesting ocean products
D. reducing oil production


Document: One way the Kyoto Protocol seeks to help the environment is by reducing
tax cuts and fiscal incentives, which might include eliminating government breaks for
A. the solar industry
B. roads
C. oil companies
D. alternative energy


Shepard Fairley's poster of Obama for the 2008 election emphasized
A. race
B. hope
C. progress
D. democracy

				
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