• A billion people go to bed hungry
• Richest 1% have 40% of wealth; poorest 50%
have 1% of wealth
• Most of the world’s farmers are women, yet
just 1% of them own land
• Poor people will be hit first and worst by
• The rich lead crazy lifestyles
Are things getting better?
• 10,000 fewer children die daily than 20 years ago...
• ...but most poverty reduction is in a single country
• ...the top 1% got wealthier between 2007 and 2009
• ...climate change is at an impasse
• ... and change is SLOW
What then can we do?
• Tax justice
• Jubilee 2000
• Climate Change Act
Why tax justice?
International aid =
Developing countries lose
3x more to tax havens
98 of the FTSE 100 use tax havens
82 also work in developing countries.
Almost 40% of all overseas subsidiaries are located there.
Banks & extractive companies use tax havens the most.
What we found…
SABMiller uses tax loopholes to
shift over £100 million
into tax havens each year.
Developing countries lose £20 million
in tax revenues
That’s enough to put an extra 250,000 children
“Wow. I don’t believe it.”
“Multinational brewer SABMiller will
come under the close scrutiny of
tax authorities in five African countries.”
“I worked in corporate Britain and I know how
I will "target tax evasion and off-shore tax havens.
companies use the complexity of the tax system
Everyone must pay their fair share."
to endlessly reduce their tax payments.”
"I very much hope, and I'm not going to write [Chancellor]
George Osborne's budget, we can make progress on that in “Ed Miliband declares war on the
the budget because we have got to make sure the tax UK's secretive offshore tax havens”
system is fair and is seen to be fair,"
• Consciousness, confrontation or both?
• Original research to create a demon
• Work with partners in developing countries
• Broad set of actors, but not (yet) a mass
$90 billion of the world’s poorest countries’
unpayable debt was cancelled by 2000
... And more later....
What was interesting?
• Conviction that it wasn’t too difficult
• Mass coalition and movement, on justice issue
• The concept of Jubilee and the time limited
The Climate Change Act
• Legally binding CO2 reduction targets to 2050
for the UK
• All political parties signed up to it
• Independent Committee for Climate Change
produces rolling 5 year targets
• Now on the 4th. Big fight, in the end accepted
• All party consensus
• Got through by sheer weight of numbers of
• Methods often thought to be pointless
achieved something radical
“We find ourselves in one of those
historical moments in which time
seems to accelerate, things fall
apart and everything is up for