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									                           AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs              Version A

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    1. In one experiment, most of the participants who viewed a videotape of men tossing a basketball remained unaware of an
       umbrella-toting woman sauntering across the screen. This illustrated
       A) selective attention.
       B) perceptual constancy.
       C) inattentional blindness.
       D) retinal disparity.
       E) stroboscopic movement.

    2. While a student provided directions to a construction worker, two experimenters rudely interrupted by passing between them
       carrying a door. The student's failure to notice that the construction worker was replaced by a different person during this
       interruption illustrates
       A) stroboscopic movement.
       B) change blindness.
       C) the Ponzo illusion.
       D) visual capture.
       E) retinal disparity.

    3. Those who complain of insomnia typically _______ how long it actually takes them to fall asleep and ________ how long they
       actually slept.
       A) overestimate; underestimate
       B) underestimate; underestimate
       C) overestimate; overestimate
       D) underestimate; overestimate

    4. The rhythmic bursts of brain activity that occur during Stage 2 sleep are called
       A) circadian rhythms.
       B) sleep spindles.
       C) amplitude waves.
       D) alpha waves.
       E) delta waves.

    5. Morphine and heroin are
       A) stimulants.
       B) amphetamines.
       C) opiates.
       D) hallucinogens.
       E) barbiturates.

    6. After drinking three cans of beer, Akiva felt less guilty about the way he mistreated his wife and children. Akiva's reduced guilt
       most likely resulted from the fact that his alcohol consumption has
       A) directed his attention to the future.
       B) reduced his sexual desire.
       C) increased his level of sympathetic nervous system arousal.
       D) reduced his self-awareness.
       E) destroyed some of his brain cells.

    7. All of the following are common misconceptions about addiction, EXCEPT the statement that
       A) biological factors place some individuals at increased risk for addiction.
       B) many other repetitive, pleasure-seeking behaviors fit the drug-addiction-as-disease-needing-treatment model.
       C) psychoactive and medicinal drugs very quickly lead to addiction.
       D) to overcome an addiction a person almost always needs professional therapy.

    8. The ability to pay attention to only one voice at a time is called
       A) the phi phenomenon.
       B) perceptual set.
       C) convergence.
       D) the cocktail party effect.
       E) perceptual adaptation.
                      AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs             Version A
 9. Which sleep disorder is most likely to be accompanied by sleepwalking and sleeptalking?
    A) night terrors
    B) insomnia
    C) narcolepsy
    D) sleep apnea

10. The need to take larger and larger doses of a drug in order to experience its effects is an indication of
    A) tolerance.
    B) resistance.
    C) withdrawal.
    D) narcolepsy.
    E) dissociation.

11. Dr. Brooks seeks to account for the substance abuse of her therapy clients in terms of their abusive home environments, their
    limited sense of life purpose, and the altered functioning of their neurotransmitter systems. Dr. Brooks is most clearly using
    a(n) ________ approach to understanding addictive behaviors.
    A) activation-synthesis
    B) suprachiasmatic
    C) biopsychosocial
    D) parallel processing

12. After flying from California to New York, Arthur experienced a restless, sleepless night. His problem was most likely caused
    by a disruption of his normal
    A) circadian rhythm.
    B) alpha wave patterns.
    C) change blindness.
    D) manifest content.
    E) hypnagogic sensations.

13. Paradoxical sleep is to slow-wave sleep as ________ sleep is to ________ sleep.
    A) REM; Stage 2
    B) REM; Stage 4
    C) Stage 1; REM
    D) REM; Stage 1
    E) Stage 2; REM

14. Because she was listening to the news on the radio, Mrs. Schultz didn't perceive a word her husband was saying. Her
    experience best illustrates
    A) relative clarity.
    B) the cocktail party effect.
    C) change blindness.
    D) perceptual adaptation.
    E) the phi phenomenon.

15. The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel tracks is most closely associated with
    A) unconscious mental activity.
    B) narcolepsy.
    C) REM rebound.
    D) sleep apnea.

16. Which of the following statements concerning marijuana is true?
    A) Even small doses of marijuana hasten the loss of brain cells.
    B) Marijuana is as addictive as nicotine or cocaine.
    C) The by-products of marijuana are cleared from the body more slowly than are the by-products of alcohol.
    D) Regular users may need a larger dose of the drug to achieve a high than occasional users would need to get the same
        effect.
                       AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs             Version A
17. A brief 15- to 30-minute rush of euphoria followed by a crash of agitated depression is most closely associated with the use of
    A) cocaine.
    B) barbiturates.
    C) morphine.
    D) LSD.
    E) marijuana.

18. By 1960, the study of consciousness had been revived by psychologists' renewed interest in
    A) emotion.
    B) socialization.
    C) mental processes.
    D) mental health.
    E) behavior genetics.

19. Those who emphasize that mood fluctuations may be indicative of seasonal affective disorder are highlighting the importance
    of
    A) REM sleep.
    B) neuroadaptation.
    C) narcolepsy.
    D) animal magnetism.
    E) biological rhythms.

20. Sleeptalking may occur during
    A) REM sleep.
    B) Stage 1 sleep.
    C) any stage of sleep.
    D) Stage 2 sleep.
    E) Stage 4 sleep.

21. LSD is most likely to produce
    A) dissociation.
    B) narcolepsy.
    C) age regression.
    D) hallucinations.
    E) night terrors.

22. Selective attention is best illustrated by
    A) narcolepsy.
    B) hypnagogic sensations.
    C) neuroadaptation.
    D) change blindness.

23. The brain waves associated with REM sleep are most similar to those of
    A) Stage 4 sleep.
    B) Stage 3 sleep.
    C) Stage 1 sleep.
    D) Stage 5 sleep.
    E) Stage 2 sleep.

24. Drivers are slower to detect traffic signals if they are conversing on a cellphone. This best illustrates the impact of
    A) choice blindness.
    B) disinhibition.
    C) age regression.
    D) selective attention.
    E) REM rebound.

25. Which of the following was NOT suggested by the text as an important aspect of drug prevention and treatment programs?
    A) attempts to modify peer associations
    B) education about the long-term costs of a drug's temporary pleasures
    C) “scare tactics” that frighten prepubescent children into avoiding drug experimentation
    D) efforts to boost people's self-esteem and purpose in life
                         AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs             Version A
26. Felix was so preoccupied with his girlfriend's good looks that he failed to perceive any of her less admirable characteristics.
    This best illustrates the dangers of
    A) selective attention.
    B) perceptual constancy.
    C) figure-ground relationships.
    D) perceptual adaptation.
    E) the cocktail party effect.

27. One effect of sleeping pills is to
    A) increase Stage 2 sleep.
    B) decrease Stage 2 sleep.
    C) decrease REM sleep.
    D) increase REM sleep.

28. Unpleasant withdrawal symptoms are indicative of
    A) REM rebound.
    B) physical dependence.
    C) psychological reactance.
    D) narcolepsy.
    E) dissociation.

29. While reading a novel, Steven isn't easily distracted by the sounds of the TV or even by his brothers' loud arguments. This best
    illustrates
    A) retinal disparity.
    B) perceptual constancy.
    C) interposition.
    D) selective attention.
    E) the phi phenomenon.

30. An altered state of consciousness in which people experience fantastic images and often feel separated from their bodies is most
    closely associated with the use of
    A) barbiturates.
    B) LSD.
    C) cocaine.
    D) heroin.
    E) marijuana.

31. Nicotine triggers a(n) ________ in anxiety and a(n) ________ in mental alertness.
    A) decrease; decrease
    B) increase; decrease
    C) decrease; increase
    D) increase; increase

32. Which of the following statements concerning alcohol dependence is NOT true?
    A) Researchers have bred rats that prefer alcohol to water.
    B) Geneticists have identified genes that are more common among people predisposed to alcohol dependence.
    C) Adopted individuals are more susceptible to alcohol dependence if they had an adoptive parent with alcohol dependence.
    D) Having an identical twin with alcohol dependence puts a person at increased risk for alcohol problems.

33. Alpha waves are associated with
    A) a relaxed but awake state.
    B) REM sleep.
    C) Stage 4 sleep.
    D) Stage 2 sleep.
    E) Stage 3 sleep.

34. Consciousness is defined in the text as
    A) information processing.
    B) our awareness of ourselves and our environment.
    C) selective attention to ongoing perceptions, thoughts, and feelings.
    D) mental life.
                      AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs                Version A
35. Which of the following provides the clearest indication of a drug addiction?
    A) narcolepsy
    B) alpha waves
    C) hallucinations
    D) REM rebound
    E) physical dependence

36. Alcohol consumption is least likely to make people more
    A) self-conscious.
    B) self-disclosing.
    C) aggressive.
    D) fearful.
    E) sexually daring.

37. One of the immediate effects of Ecstasy is
    A) lethargy.
    B) pupil constriction.
    C) decreased blood pressure.
    D) increased appetite.
    E) dehydration.

38. Which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity?
    A) night terrors
    B) narcolepsy
    C) sleep apnea
    D) insomnia

39. THC, the active ingredient in ________, is classified as a ________.
    A) heroin; depressant
    B) cocaine; stimulant
    C) marijuana; hallucinogen
    D) marijuana; stimulant
    E) cocaine; hallucinogen

40. Unconscious information processing is more likely than conscious processing to
    A) relate to childhood events.
    B) occur slowly.
    C) occur simultaneously on several parallel dimensions.
    D) be limited in its capacity.
    E) contribute to effective problem solving.

41. When light strikes the retina, it signals the suprachiasmatic nucleus to alter ________ production by the pineal gland.
    A) endorphin
    B) dopamine
    C) melatonin
    D) acetylcholine
    E) serotonin

42. Young teens are most likely to start smoking in order to
    A) trigger the release of lymphocytes.
    B) reduce their mental alertness.
    C) gain decreased anxiety.
    D) gain social acceptance.
    E) reduce their blood pressure.

43. Concluding her presentation on contemporary theories of why sleep is necessary, Marilynn makes all of the following points
    EXCEPT
    A) Sleep gives the brain time to heal, as it restores and repairs damaged neurons.
    B) Sleep encourages growth through a hormone secreted during Stage 4.
    C) Slow-wave sleep provides a “psychic safety valve” for stressful waking experiences.
    D) Sleep may have evolved because it kept our ancestors safe during potentially dangerous periods.
                      AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs              Version A
44. The experience of physical pain following discontinued use of a psychoactive drug best illustrates
    A) dissociation.
    B) REM rebound.
    C) narcolepsy.
    D) withdrawal.

45. The sleep cycle is approximately ________ minutes.
    A) 50
    B) 75
    C) 90
    D) 30

46. The school of thought in psychology that systematically avoided the study of consciousness during the first half of the last
    century was
    A) functionalism.
    B) Gestalt psychology.
    C) behaviorism.
    D) psychoanalysis.
    E) structuralism.

47. The cocktail party effect provides an example of
    A) the phi phenomenon.
    B) stroboscopic movement.
    C) perceptual constancy.
    D) selective attention.
    E) perceptual set.

48. The divided-consciousness theory of hypnosis states that hypnosis involves
    A) age regression.
    B) motivational conflict.
    C) obedience to authority.
    D) role playing.
    E) dissociation.

49. When people are experiencing vivid dreams
    A) they are more likely to sleepwalk than during any other stage of sleep.
    B) their bodies often move in accordance with what they dream.
    C) they intermittently stop breathing.
    D) their eyes are likely to move under their closed eyelids.
    E) their slow brain-wave patterns indicate that they are deeply asleep.

50. Our inability to consciously perceive all the sensory information available to us at any single point in time best illustrates the
    necessity of
    A) the phi phenomenon.
    B) selective attention.
    C) perceptual constancy.
    D) relative clarity.
    E) retinal disparity.
                         AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs   Version A
Answer Key

    1. C
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 14
       Difficulty: Easy
       Objective: 3
       Page: 90
    2. B
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 15
       Difficulty: Easy
       Objective: 3
       Page: 91
    3. A
       Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 2, 8
       Page: 101
    4. B
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 27
       Difficulty: Easy
       Objective: 5
       Page: 95
    5. C
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 68
       Difficulty: Easy
       Objective: 13
       Page: 116
    6. D
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 67
       Difficulty: Difficult
       Objective: 12
       Page: 114
    7. A
       Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 53
       Page: 123
    8. D
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 10
       Difficulty: Easy
       Objective: 3
       Page: 89
    9. A
       Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 2, 9
       Page: 103
   10. A
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 60
       Difficulty: Easy
       Objective: 11
       Page: 113
   11. C
       Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 2, 14
       Page: 125
   12. A
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 20
       Difficulty: Easy
       Objective: 4
       Page: 92-93
   13. B
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 26
       Difficulty: Difficult
       Objective: 5
       Page: 95
   14. B
       Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 11
                         AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs   Version A
      Difficulty: Difficult
      Objective: 3
      Page: 89
15.   A
      Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 1, 1
      Page: 88
16.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 52
      Page: 122
17.   A
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 71
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 13
      Page: 120
18.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 2
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 1
      Page: 85
19.   E
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 16
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 4
      Page: 92
20.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 24
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 5
      Page: 95
21.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 75
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 14
      Page: 121
22.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 2, 2
      Page: 90
23.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 28
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 5
      Page: 95
24.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 13
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 3
      Page: 89
25.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 59
      Page: 126
26.   A
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 8
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 3
      Page: 89
27.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 20
      Page: 101
28.   B
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 62
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 11
                         AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs   Version A
      Page: 113
29.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 6
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 3
      Page: 89
30.   B
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 76
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 14
      Page: 121
31.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 1, 14
      Page: 118
32.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 54
      Page: 123
33.   A
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 21
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 5
      Page: 94
34.   B
      Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 3
      Page: 86
35.   E
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 64
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 11
      Page: 113
36.   A
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 66
      AP: Yes
      Difficulty: Difficult
      Objective: 12
      Page: 114
37.   E
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 73
      Difficulty: Difficult
      Objective: 13
      Page: 121
38.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 1, 7
      Page: 103
39.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 78
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 14
      Page: 122
40.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 4
      Difficulty: Medium
      Objective: 1
      Page: 88
41.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 17
      Difficulty: Difficult
      Objective: 4
      Page: 92-93
42.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 70
      Difficulty: Easy
                        AP Psychology Chapter 3: Consciousness -- Sleep and Drugs   Version A
      Objective: 13
      Page: 118
43.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 19
      Page: 100-101
44.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Web Quiz 2, 12
      Page: 113
45.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Study Guide, 14
      Page: 96
46.   C
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 1
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 1
      Page: 85
47.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 12
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 3
      Page: 89
48.   E
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 59
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 10
      Page: 111
49.   D
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 29
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 5
      Page: 96
50.   B
      Origin: Chapter 3- Multiple Choice, 5
      Difficulty: Easy
      Objective: 3
      Page: 89

								
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