Social Interaction

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					Social Interaction


  Social Structure
       Social Interaction
Ways people respond to one another

Predictability of behavior

Everyday interactions (predictable)

Why are these interactions predictable?
          Social structure
Society organized into predictable
relationships
Zimbardo’s experiment
Elements of social structure
 Status
 Role
 Group
 Institution
              Status
Positions one hold in society/group

One holds multiple statuses

Some we achieve and some we are
born into (achieved vs ascribed status)
             Status
Master status—one determining one’s
position in society



Should mater status be achieved or
ascribed?
               Role
Expectations accompanied with
positions (statuses)
Role conflict—incompatible
expectations of 2 or more statuses held
by one person
Role strain—difficulties in meeting
demands of one social status
               Group
Collection of individuals

Believe in same norms, values, etc.

Interact on a regular basis
               Group
Importance of group—social network

Types of group relationship:
 Primary—informal, durable
 Secondary—formal, task-specific
            Institution
Organized patters of beliefs & behaviors
centered on basic needs of society
Needs—survival of society, order,
stability
How are these met? Family,
government, education, religions, etc.
    Types of Social structure
Tonnies
   Gemeinschaft—small community—primary
    relations, no privacy, ascribed status,
    informal social control

   Gesellscahft—urban center, secondary
    relations, achieved status, formal social
    control
    Types of Social structure
Lenski—
 Pre-Industrial—hunting-gathering,
  horticulture, agrarian
 Industrial—manufacturing of goods,
  factories
 Post-Industrial (Post-modern)—information
  processing & control--globalization
             Lenski
Industrial—1760-1830—Industrial
Revolution
Post-Industrial—since 1960s—beyond
manufacturing—sending jobs overseas
Post-modern—global society
        Social structure
Identify the social structure of USA.




Would the social structure of China and
Mexico different from ours?
         Social structure
Identify the social structure of this
classroom

Would the social structure of this
classroom different from a
Chinese/Japanese classroom?
         Social structure
Identify the social structure of
dormitory?
 Status (different positions in dorms)
 Role (different expectations)

 Group (relationships among people)

 Institution (what does the dorm do
  society?)

				
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