Gender differences in education by pptfiles


									Gender differences in education
                  Gender differences in education

• This PowerPoint is to review and revise issues in gender and
  education. Specifically it will look at girls in education and some of
  the reasons why they have improved.
• In recent years there have been some significant changes in the
  area of gender and education.
• Both females and males have improved in terms of the qualifications
  they achieve in education. However girls have now overtaken boys.
• How do we know this?
• Official statistics!!
• By looking at national statistics on education you can see the
  differences between male and female achievement.
• Use the hyperlink below to explore these statistics (you will need the
  education section and you can search using key words like gender).
       How do we know girls are outperforming boys?

Starting school
• Baseline assessments are given to children (Government and
  qualifications and curriculum authority, 1999). They found girls score
  higher in all tests.
Key stage 1 to 3
• Girls do consistently better than boys, especially in English but even
  in ‘male’ subjects like maths and science
The gap has widened between girls and boys to over 10%
AS and A2
Girls are more likely tom pass their exams and get higher grades, even
   in so called ‘boys subjects’.
              Reasons for girls achievement
•   There are many reasons for gender
    differences in education. We will now look
    at reasons for girls improvement. This can
    be divided up into external factors and
    internal factors.

•   External factors:
    factors outside the education system, such
    as home and family background and wider

•   Internal factors:
    Factors within schools and the education
    system, such as the effect of school
           Factors affecting gender differences

•   The impact of feminism     1. Equal opportunities
•   Changes in the family         policies
•   Changes in women’s         2. Positive role models in
    employment                    schools
•   Girls changing attitudes   3. GCSE and coursework
    and ambitions              4. Challenging stereotypes
                                  in the curriculum
                               5. Teachers attention and
                                  classroom interaction
                         External factors
Impact of feminism                        Changes in the family

 Feminism is a social movement, it       •   There has been big changes in
  strives for equal rights between men        the family since the 1970’s.
  and women.                              •   These changes have effected
 It has fought for changes in how            girls attitudes to education in a
  women are seen in society and the           number of ways.
  media. It has fought against            •   Increase in lone parent (mainly
  patriarchy (male dominance).                female headed). So more
 It has raised women’s expectations          women are taking on the
  and their self esteem.                      breadwinner role, thus creating a
                                              new role model for girls where
 This has lead to girls realising that
                                              qualifications are needed to get
  there isn’t only the housewife role
                                              a good job.
  available to them. Feminism has
  affected girl’s own self-image,         •   Increase in divorce means girls
  showing them choices that weren’t           may have to support themselves
  there before.                               financially, this will encourage
                                              girls to get their own
 In turn, females have begun to strive
                                              qualifications to make a living.
  for success in all areas of society,
  including education.
                  External factors continued…
Changes in women’s employment           Girls changing attitudes and
 In the last few decades there have
  been a number of important               Changes in family and
  changes in women’s employment
                                            employment have lead to changes
 1970 Equal Pay Act – illegal to           in girls attitudes and priorities
  pay women less than men for the
  same job                                 Sue Sharpe interviewed girls in
 More women are now in                     the 1970s on their priorities. She
  employment (part-time and often           found that their priorities were
  in the service sector)                    marriage and children.
 Some women are now breaking              She redid her study in 1994 and
  through the ‘glass ceiling’               discovered that girls priorities had
  (invisible barrier that keeps them        changed.
  from reaching the top)
                                           Their priorities were now jobs and
 All these changes encourage               careers with marriage and children
  females to do well in education, as
  they now see there are many job           being less of a priority.
  opportunities for them                   This obviously has an influence on
                                            their attitudes to education

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