Gender differences in education by pptfiles

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									Gender differences in education
                  Gender differences in education

• This PowerPoint is to review and revise issues in gender and
  education. Specifically it will look at girls in education and some of
  the reasons why they have improved.
• In recent years there have been some significant changes in the
  area of gender and education.
• Both females and males have improved in terms of the qualifications
  they achieve in education. However girls have now overtaken boys.
• How do we know this?
• Official statistics!!
• By looking at national statistics on education you can see the
  differences between male and female achievement.
• Use the hyperlink below to explore these statistics (you will need the
  education section and you can search using key words like gender).
• www.statistics.gov.uk
       How do we know girls are outperforming boys?

Starting school
• Baseline assessments are given to children (Government and
  qualifications and curriculum authority, 1999). They found girls score
  higher in all tests.
Key stage 1 to 3
• Girls do consistently better than boys, especially in English but even
  in ‘male’ subjects like maths and science
GCSE
The gap has widened between girls and boys to over 10%
AS and A2
Girls are more likely tom pass their exams and get higher grades, even
   in so called ‘boys subjects’.
              Reasons for girls achievement
•   There are many reasons for gender
    differences in education. We will now look
    at reasons for girls improvement. This can
    be divided up into external factors and
    internal factors.

•   External factors:
    factors outside the education system, such
    as home and family background and wider
    society.


•   Internal factors:
    Factors within schools and the education
    system, such as the effect of school
    policies.
           Factors affecting gender differences




•   The impact of feminism     1. Equal opportunities
•   Changes in the family         policies
•   Changes in women’s         2. Positive role models in
    employment                    schools
•   Girls changing attitudes   3. GCSE and coursework
    and ambitions              4. Challenging stereotypes
                                  in the curriculum
                               5. Teachers attention and
                                  classroom interaction
                         External factors
Impact of feminism                        Changes in the family

 Feminism is a social movement, it       •   There has been big changes in
  strives for equal rights between men        the family since the 1970’s.
  and women.                              •   These changes have effected
 It has fought for changes in how            girls attitudes to education in a
  women are seen in society and the           number of ways.
  media. It has fought against            •   Increase in lone parent (mainly
  patriarchy (male dominance).                female headed). So more
 It has raised women’s expectations          women are taking on the
  and their self esteem.                      breadwinner role, thus creating a
                                              new role model for girls where
 This has lead to girls realising that
                                              qualifications are needed to get
  there isn’t only the housewife role
                                              a good job.
  available to them. Feminism has
  affected girl’s own self-image,         •   Increase in divorce means girls
  showing them choices that weren’t           may have to support themselves
  there before.                               financially, this will encourage
                                              girls to get their own
 In turn, females have begun to strive
                                              qualifications to make a living.
  for success in all areas of society,
  including education.
                  External factors continued…
Changes in women’s employment           Girls changing attitudes and
                                           ambitions
 In the last few decades there have
  been a number of important               Changes in family and
  changes in women’s employment
                                            employment have lead to changes
 1970 Equal Pay Act – illegal to           in girls attitudes and priorities
  pay women less than men for the
  same job                                 Sue Sharpe interviewed girls in
 More women are now in                     the 1970s on their priorities. She
  employment (part-time and often           found that their priorities were
  in the service sector)                    marriage and children.
 Some women are now breaking              She redid her study in 1994 and
  through the ‘glass ceiling’               discovered that girls priorities had
  (invisible barrier that keeps them        changed.
  from reaching the top)
                                           Their priorities were now jobs and
 All these changes encourage               careers with marriage and children
  females to do well in education, as
  they now see there are many job           being less of a priority.
  opportunities for them                   This obviously has an influence on
                                            their attitudes to education

								
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