REFORM by yurtgc548


									 Innovation and Change
“How to Lead in the 21st Century”

               Ray McNulty
              Senior Vice President
   International Center for Leadership in Education
                       Dreams of the children
2018                         we have
         Three Themes

       1. Opening thoughts
       2. Skills for 21st Century Leaders
       3. Ray’s Leadership Lessons

          Success to significance
    Career Challenges . . .
 Workers in the 21st century will average 8
  different careers changes
 Job longevity will average 5 to 6 years
 Academics required for success in the
  workplace are greater than academics
  required for success in college
 Students need strong, integrated academics to
  be prepared for their future
Objects of Change           VS.   Agents of Change

  Federal/State Gov’t.            Schools, Staff, Students,
  SEA, Board Policy                    Community

Schools, Staff, Students,           Federal/State Gov’t.
     Community                      SEA, Board Policy
The primary aim of education is not
   to enable students to do well in
schools or colleges, but to help them
do well in the lives they lead outside
     of the schools and colleges.
Skills for 21st Century Leaders
    Essential Skills for    21st   Century
•   Leadership is Action and Support
•   Deliberate Practice
•   Networking / Transparency
•   Deep Understanding of Change (Possibility)
•   Innovation (Disruptive Innovation)
•   Understanding Our Place in Time and the
    Bigger Picture
“Leadership is action, not position.”
                      Donald H. McGannon
In almost every field people begin
  to learn something quickly and
  with energy, then more slowly
         and then they stop.
  The best people in any field are
those who devote the most hours to
 what researchers call “deliberate
    practice.” It’s activity that’s
   explicitly intended to improve
    performance by reaching for
objectives just beyond one’s level of
   Networking / Transparency

• Remember Goldcorp
• Wikipedia…… 1.7 minutes
• Linux

      Jim Collins, Good to Great 2001, p.205

“I am not suggesting that going from good to
  great is easy….. I am asserting that those
  who strive to turn good into great find the
 process no more painful or exhausting than
    those who settle for just letting things
wallow along in mind numbing mediocrity.”


 The difference between cyclical
     and structural change.

Anything we’re trying to change away from will
  keep coming back unless we replace it with
               something new.
Special Cause vs. Common Cause
No matter how great the talent
or the effort, some things just
           take time.

 You can’t produce a baby in
   one month by getting 9
      women pregnant.
        Epidemic of Immediacy

• Clock of the Long Now….
         Some Questions…..
• How did we let ourselves get into the
  position of needing to re-invent our work?
• Why haven’t we over the years been able to
  recognize that something hasn’t been
  working well, and self correct it?
• What would it be like to work in a self
  correcting system?
 Only dead fish swim
with the stream all the
We lose 90% of our creativity
between the ages of 5 and 7.

Allen Fahden, “Innovation On Demand”
In 1903 the U.S. Congress passed
a special bill forbidding the Army
to spend any more money on
trying out flying machines.
Who the hell wants to hear actors

Harry Warner, Warner Bros.
Everything that can be invented
has been invented.

Charles H. Duell, Director of the U.S. Patent Office
There is no likelihood man can
ever tap the atom.

Robert Millikan, Nobel Prize in Physics, 1920
Sensible and responsible women
do not want to vote.

Grover Cleveland, 1905
                   A Story….
• Not a bad idea, but to     • Fredrick Smith
  earn a grade more than a
  C+ the idea has to be
  viable! (Yale Professor)   • The idea FedEx
Disruptive Innovation

 Creates Positive
• Roger Bannister

• Conestoga Wagon

• Power of Opposites >
The power of the OPPOSITE.

•Black is blackest in a field of white.

•Height is only measured in relation
to the ground.
Stove Hot!!!!!
      How to be a Creator….
• Outcome: Decide what you want to
• Obvious: Determine the strongest beliefs
  you have about the outcome.
• Opposite: Create a statement (s)
  contradicting these beliefs.
• Opportunity: Stretch your mind to come up
  with an idea you’ve never thought before.
• Rules and Regulations

• Budget Constraints

• Union Contracts

• Devil’s Advocate
Understanding Our Place in Time
    and the Bigger Picture
• Agricultural Age… Farmers

• Industrial Age… Factory Worker

• Informational Age… Knowledge Worker

• Conceptual Age… Creator / Empathizer
Last few decades have belonged to a certain
              kind of mind:
  Computer programmers who crank code
        Lawyers who craft contracts
        MBA’s who crunch numbers

     But the keys to the kingdom are
     Three reasons for this…
• Abundance
• Asia
• Automation
              #1 Abundance
•   Malls, Target, PetsMart, Best Buy,
•   Homes, Cars
•   Self Storage
•   Trash …. USA spends more on trash bags
    than 90 countries spend on everything
  Abundance has produced an ironic result…

Lessened the significance of things because you
              can get it anywhere.
  (no longer enough to create a product that’s
       reasonably priced and functional)

     Products must be more R – Directed
   beautiful, unique, meaningful, “aesthetic
Abundance Elevates R – Directed
  Electric lighting was rare a century ago…
  Today it is common place and abundant.

     Candles who needs them anymore?
      2.4 Billion dollar business a year
               #2 ASIA
• Knowledge workers new competition..
  India, Philippines, China
• Programmers 70k – 80k are paid what a
  Taco Bell worker makes
• Chip designers 7k in USA …..1K in India
• Aerospace Engineers USA 6K… $650 in
• Accountant USA 5K… $300 in Philippines
             #3 Automation
• Last century machines proved they could
  replace human backs
• This century new technologies are proving
  they can replace human “left brains”
• Any job that depends on routines is at risk.
• Automation is changing even doctors work.
Left hemisphere is sequential, logical and
     analytical. The Left powered the
 Information age. Still necessary, but no
             longer sufficient.

Right hemisphere is non linear, intuitive
  and holistic. The Right qualities of
inventiveness, empathy, joyfulness and
meaning will power the Conceptual age.
         A new age valuing….
• High Concept: the capacity to detect patterns /
  opportunities to create, to be artistic / emotional
  beauty and to combine seemingly unrelated ideas
  into something new.
• High Touch: involves the ability to empathize
  with others, understand the subtleties of human
  interaction to find joy and elicit it to others
    High Concept / High Touch
• GM’s top leader… I see us being in the art
• MBA’s becoming the blue collar worker for
  the conceptual age.
• Graphic designers have increased ten fold in
  the last decade.
• Since 1970, 30% more people are earning a
  living as writers.
• More Americans today work in art,
  entertainment and design than lawyers,
  accountants and auditors.
       The future belongs to a very
         different kind of mind..
•   Creators and empathizers
•   Pattern recognizers
•   Meaning makers
•   And more……….
         Six Essential Aptitudes
•   Design - modern version of creating
•   Story - communicate
•   Symphony - big picture
•   Empathy - read emotions
•   Play – fun doing it
•   Meaning – focus on purpose
    Essential Skills for    21st   Century
•   Leadership is Action
•   Deliberate Practice
•   Deep Understanding of Change (Possibility)
•   Innovation (Disruptive Innovation)
•   Understanding Our Place in Time and the
    Bigger Picture
Five Leadership Lessons

Educational institutions tend to be allergic to

conflict is dangerous
it can threaten friendships
it can damage relationships
But, conflict is the primary engine of
 creativity and motivation.

So, a new tradition needs to be the
 norm: Courage to surface conflicts.

Communication is in the mind of the

If you are the leader, people tolerate
your ideas, but they act on their own.

Here’s a tip, communicate with
emotion as well as logic.

Latest research shows that the
brain’s limbic system, which controls
basic emotions, is more powerful
than the brain’s neo cortex, which
governs intellect.
 Leaders look for and network with other

Want to make yourself even more effective
as a leader? Want to heighten your influence
and deepen your impact? Stop playing the
role of the Lone Ranger! Look for allies,
network with colleagues—and help those
people to become better leaders.
The culture of change.

Detailed Complexity - determining all the
variables in advance. (This is not reality)

Dynamic Complexity – unexpected, unplanned
for situations that surface as you implement a
change effort. (This is reality)
Senge suggests that those
unpredictable, unplanned-for
factors that seem to get in the
way, are in fact not merely
things that get in the way,
everyone in the system needs to
know this.

Most leaders die with their mouths open.

Leaders must know how to listen, and the
art of listening is more subtle than most
think. “Leaders must want to listen.”
Great listening is fueled by curiosity. It’s hard
to be a great listener if you’re not curious
about other people and their ideas. What’s
the enemy of curiosity? Grandiosity—the
belief that you have all the answers.
                       Dreams of the children
2018                         we have
         Three Themes

       1. Opening thoughts
       2. Skills for 21st Century Leaders
       3. Ray’s Leadership Lessons

          Success to significance
       To Deliver 21st Century Skills & Content:
                      The Common Core
  Ready for                                                         Ready for
   Work                                                              College
                               21st Century
Youth Employment             Skills & Content                        Academic
    Outcomes               Information & Media Literacy              Outcomes
        Specific            Critical & Systems Thinking        Subject
                                   Problem Solving
        Vocational        Creativity, Intellectual Curiosity   Matter
        Knowledge                Interpersonal Skills          Knowledge
        & Skills                    Self-Direction
                          Accountability and Adaptability
                                Social Responsibility
                                  Financial Literacy
                                  Global Awareness
                                    Civic Literacy

                     Cultural, Physical & Behavioral
                       Health Knowledge & Skills

                            Ready for Life
                       Youth Development Outcomes
 Innovation and Change
“How to Lead in the 21st Century”

               Ray McNulty
   International Center for Leadership in Education

To top