Internet Protocol Version 6 by JinalPatel6

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									                         INTERNET PROTOCOL VERSION 6




                                    ABSTRACT

        The paper discusses on the up coming trends and the technologies used in the
Internet World. It will explore the topic on IPV6 i.e. Internet Protocol Version 6.

         We say Internet Protocol Version 6 but what is this Protocol stuff; get
familiarized with what is Protocols first and then we start with the in-depth study of
IPV6. Like its previous versions IPV6 is all set to make waves in the Internet World.
Here we will see what IPV6 is, why IPV6 is selected and why we need IPV6.The paper
justifies what are the problems of the current IP we are using and how it is wearing out
with time and increase in number of users.

        In addition this will explore a bit of the history of the Internet Protocols and the
forums, which are anticipating and sparing their attentions to these development. It
covers the description of all the rules used for the addressing methods in Ipv6. Included



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                         INTERNET PROTOCOL VERSION 6


here is also the compatibility of the Ipv4 address with that of Ipv6. How an Ipv6 address
can be converted in to the present Ipv4 address to identify the node is also covered.

         This will give a brief idea on some of the key features of IPV6 where it discusses
IPV6 as a re-engineering effort against IP technology. Features includes firstly Larger IP
address and it use for end-to-end communication. Deploy more technologies the future
prospects and covers within it Auto Configuration describes and stateless host like
mandatory facilities, Security tells about this mandatory feature, friendliness to traffic
technologies describes about the compatibleness of Ipv6 with future technologies. Then it
continues with multicast becoming mandatory, better support to ad-hoc feature
facilitating anycast, it also a cure to routing tables, it specifies the simpler header
structure, allows flexible protocol extensions which provides hardware acceleration,
smooth transition form Ipv4 showing its compatibility with Ipv4, follows key design
principles of Ipv4 justifies its proper structure.

        Then it describes about some of the Objectives of this Protocol. Included will be a
detailed look on the addressing scheme and the notation for the Protocols address.

        Before we get to anything else we need to learn the most important and the only
working part of any Protocol used. The Header, which bears all the working and the
terminology along with the characteristics of the Protocol, will be covered next. Different
layers that are present in the Header Format of the Protocol are discussed with their
description and functionalities. The first in the topic comes Version, Class, Flow label
covering the first set of 32 bits. The next comes Payload Length, Next Header and Hop
Limit that also covers 32 bits of the Header space. The next is the mandatory and
inevitable source address of 128 bits. At the last of the Header comes the Destination
Header of 128 bits.

        Covered next is the difference between the header schemes of the IPV4 the
currently used Protocol Vs IPV6 the up-coming sensation in the Internet World. The
topic presents all the basic differences between the two headers and also clarifies which
one is simpler. It also shows how the avoidable things in the present header are removed
in Ipv6.

       Then a brief look at what is Extension Header and its use. Here will be the
discussion of Ipv6 Extension Hea
								
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