PLAGIARISM Graphic Design by Michael Lebovics PLAGIARISM What is plagiarism? Why does it happen? Strategies to avoid it. Our school’s policy. WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? There are many definitions of plagiarism, all of which say a similar thing. The Toronto District School Board defines it as follows: “Plagiarism comes from the Latin word for Kidnapper. It is the act of using or passing off someone else’s ideas or words as your own….” WHAT IS PLAGIARISM? ACCORDING TO SIMCOE COUNTY DISTRICT SCHOOL BOARD Plagiarism is presenting the intellectual or creative work of someone else as your own. For example: words ideas data images opinions charts WHY DOES PLAGIARISM HAPPEN? Temptation of Paper Mills - availability of complete essays, reports, and other resources through sites such as School Sucks.com and Screw-Essays.com. Cut and Paste world of research. Overloaded workload and expectations. WHY DOES PLAGIARISM HAPPEN? Fear of Inadequate Writing Ability. Low Priority assignments. Just Because students believe they can get away with it. HOW DO STUDENTS PLAGIARIZE? Copying a friend’s OTHER PEOPLE’S homework or project WORK MY WORK Using an essay from another course/source Copying and pasting from an online database, electronic encyclopedias or the internet HOW DO STUDENTS PLAGIARISM? OTHER Quoting from a source PEOPLE’S without proper citation WORK MY WORK Paraphrasing a source without proper citation Presenting another person’s ideas as your own STRATEGIES TO AVOID PLAGIARISM Learngood Note- Taking Strategies Learn proper Citation and Documentation NOTE-TAKING STRATEGIES TO AVOID PLAGIARISM Be sure you understand paraphrasing (NOUN:1. A restatement of a text or passage in another form or other and summarizing - words, often to clarify meaning.) Know when it is necessary to cite sources Document sources when making notes Use tracking sheets or graphic organizers for information gathering NOTE-TAKING STRATEGIES TO AVOID PLAGIARISM Use direct quotations - The principal stated that “all students shall obey the rules.” Avoid out-of-control note taking - choose words effectively and use point form Record own thoughts and ideas along with the research PROPER CITATION Know how to use embedded citation (How to do this is on school’s web page.) Know how to document a Works Cited Page for MLA Style or Reference List for APA Style (check the school’s web page for this info.). http://psc.scdsb.on.ca/Library/Citation%20and%20Bibliogr aphy.htm PLAGIARISM-PROOF ASSIGNMENTS – Be prepared to submit all rough notes with final copy OUR SCHOOL’S POLICY If the error is simply an oversight, a teacher may allow a student the opportunity to rewrite the assignment with the proper documentation in order that the student is able to learn from his/her mistake OR The teacher will assign a zero to the assignment and the student will not have the opportunity to re-do it.
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