1 CHAPTER IV FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION This chapter with the findings and discussion of the research findings. The findings of the research cover the description of the result of data collected through the reading test and the discussion reveals the interpretation of findings : A. Findings This part presents the result of the students’ reading comprehension achievements. 1. Rate percentage of the students’ score Students’ score of pre-test and post-test were classified into some criteria and percentage as follows : Table 1. The result of students’ pre-test and post-test No. Classification Score Pre-test Post-test Frequency Percentage Frequency Percentage 1. Excellent 8.1 - 10 0 0% 14 46.66 % 2. Good 6.1 – 8.0 17 56.66 % 15 50 % 3. Fair 4.1 - 6.0 13 43.33 % 1 3.33 % 4. Less 2.1 – 4.0 0 0% 0 0% 5. Poor 0.0 – 2.0 0 0% 0 0% Total 30 99.99 % 30 100 % 2 Table 1 indicates there were 13 students (43.33 %) got fair score, 17 students (56.66 %) got good score. It means that the ability of the students to comprehend the text. But after giving treatment the table shows that out of 30 students there were students who got excellent score, 14 students (46.66 %) got excellent score, 15 students (50 %) got good score, 1 students (3.33 %) got fair score. It can be concluded that the rate percentage good and excellent in the post-test was greater than that of in the pre-test 2. The mean score and standard deviation of the pre-test and post-test Test Mean score Standard deviation Pre-test 6.42 0.84 Post-test 7.90 0.97 Table 2 shows that the mean score that students’ obtained was 6.42 and post- test was 7.90. The standard deviation of pre-test was 0.84 and standard deviation of post-test was 0.97. the mean score of the students’ post-test was higher than the mean score of the pre-test and the standard deviation of students’ post-test was higher than the standard deviation of the students’ pre-test. 3. T-test value In order to know whether or not the difference between the mean score of test and post-test is statistically significant the t-test statistical analysis for non 3 independent sample was employed. The result of the t-test is shown in the following table. Table 3. The t-test of students’ comprehension achievement Variable t-test value t-table value X2 – X1 11.30 1.699 The value of the t-test is greater than t-table (11.70 > 1.699). it can be concluded that there is a significant difference between the result of the students’ pre-test and post-test. 4. Hypothesis Testing The result of the statistical analysis at the level significance 0.05 with degrees of freedom (df) = n – 1, where df = 30 – 1 and df = 29 indicated that there was significant difference between the mean score of the post-test and pre-test. The mean score of the pre-test was 6.42 and mean score of the post-test was 7.90. in addition the t-test value was greater that the t-table value (11.30 > 1.699). It means that there is significant difference between the students’ reading comprehension before and after using communicative tasks in teaching reading. This also means that null hypothesis (H0) was rejected, while the alternative hypothesis (H1) was accepted. 4 B. Discussion The description of the data collected through the communicative task described in the previous section shows that the students’ reading comprehension has improved. It was supported by the frequency and rate percentage of the result of the students’ score of pre-test and post-test. The students’ score after presenting in teaching reading through communicative tasks is better than before the treatment was given to the students. The students were also very interested in learning reading by communicative tasks as shown on the table. In the pre-test there were 13 students (43.33 %) who got fair score, and 17 students (56.66 %) who got good score. It shows that none of them got excellent score. In the post-test, it shows that there were 14 students (46.66 %) who got and excellent score, 15 students (50 %) who got good score, and 1 students (3.33 %) who a got fair score. It show that none of them less and poor score. The mean score of the students’ pre-test was 6.42 that is classified as good score and post-test was 7.90 that are classified as excellent score. It shows that the mean score of students’ post-test is greater than the pre-test. The mean score of gain (d) is 44.38. it shows that there is a development of students’ reading comprehension after treatment. The value of the t-test is greater than t-table (11.30 > 1.699). based on the result of the t-test, the researcher found that there were a significant difference between the result of pre-test and post-test. In the other words, communicative tasks is effective in developing the students’ reading comprehension.