DOW's for Education

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					DOW’s for Education

   C enter for
   S evere
   R esearch
DOW Educational Deployments                                        DOW tracking cswr911:main storm

                       University of                                          Lyndon State
                       North Dakota       St. Cloud State                     College
                                          University    University of
              University of                             Wisconsin
                                                            Wilbur Wright,
                                                            Coll of Dupage

                                                                                      Penn State

                                                                                  North Carolina
              University of                                                       State University
                                                      TBD                      Purdue
                              University of           Univ                     University
  1995-2007 Pre-Facility      Oklahoma
  2008-2010 Acad Years                                                        University of
  2010-2011 Acad Year                     Jackson State                       Illinois
  Careers in Science                      University
       Requesting DOWs for Education

•   Fill in 2 page form at EOL or CSWR
•   Expedited review procedure
•   Short lead time possible
•   Deployments last about 3 weeks
•   This is limited by ~$20k budget limitation
•   More ambitious educational deployments possible,
    i.e. PAMREX
• DOWs have been engineered to be student-useable
   After training, students+faculty can operate w/o
   expensive techs from CSWR

• Simple, safe, radar start up procedures
    generator startup
    transmitter warm up, pressurization
    signal processor startup, recording,
    easy antenna control interface

• DOW Trucks rated at 25,999 lbs = no CDL required

• DOW Trucks are quasi-easy to drive, like a U-Haul.
   Biggest risks are branches, low bridges

• DOW drivers and operators are insured under CSWR’s policies
DOW Educ Deployment Model (so far)

• Limited to ~$20k
• DOWs are delivered to the school by CSWR
• DOW technician visits for one week:
             trains operators and drivers
• DOW scientist visits 1-2 days during 1st week:
     teaches a class(es) or classes
     provide orientation, assists training, etc.
     public lecture
• Weeks 2-3 are “on their own”,
          or with a junior CSWR driver/operator
• DOW technician on standby to return for radar failure
• DOW is picked up by CSWR
            What do they do?
• Exact design of lab, length of leash given
  students, etc., is decided by faculty host

• Typically students design experiments,
  scanning and data collection strategies, when
  to go out, etc.

• Scanning rates, numbers of tilts, gate lengths,
  PRT, etc. can be chosen by students
• Data recorded in DORADE format on internal disks
• Up to 1TB per data collection
• Transferred to student labs using esata or usb
  external disks

• Students use Soloii, IDV, or other to read DORADE
• Nearly all schools have some level of computer
  support sufficient to at least install Soloii. CSWR
  provides Soloii training

• CSWR is working on a program bring ~10 Linux
  computers with Soloii pre-installed to assist schools
  who have very little infrastructure
        Case Study: UNDEO
•   University of Nebraska, Lincoln
•   Small meteorology department
•   Faculty host Adam Houston familiar with radar
•   Radar meteorology course, 14 students 8 grad, 6 ugrad
•   15 day deployment
•   CSWR technician on site full duration
•   Students crafted research proposals for using the DOW
•   Collected data during 3 IOPs
•   Outreach at elementary school, and public talk
    The University of Nebraska DOW
    Education and Outreach (UNDEO) project
    was conducted in November of 2008.
    UNDEO was an NSF-funded collaboration
    between the Department of Geosciences at
    the University of Nebraska – Lincoln and
    the Center for Severe Weather Research
    that allowed for a 15-day on-campus
    deployment of a DOW for classroom-
    instruction and hands-on experience.
• Proposed student projects
o   Kinematic structure of a cold front
o   Comparing environmental variables using Doppler radar and idelaized modeling
o   Frontal passage and depth: A comparison of DOW and 88D Doppler radars
o   Manifestation of turbulence withina cold front
o   Kinematics of frontal motion and structure
o   Vertical structure of a cold front

• Actual Deployments
o   1: clear air: daytime PBL
o   2: clear air: back door cold front
o   3: clear air: cold front

• Not much precip

• Initial projects canceled.
  Final assignment: compare fronts 2 and 3
          PI evaluation of UNDEO
• Course preparation was too rushed. Proposals
  should be submitted >= 6 months before project
• Clear air was limited due to late fall season
• 21 days would have been better
• More scientist presentations over 3-4 day visit
  would have been better
• CSWR tech on site was very desirable
• Prompt uploading of data to local servers needed
• Wurman talked to fast (too much info in lectures)
Proposed for March/April 2011
Recommended by reviewers
Approval pending at NSF

Changes from UNDEO-1:
• 21 days to increase wx chances
• 800 km range to increase wx chances
• 3 day CSWR scientist visit
        Other educational designs

• CU and NCSU have requested the Rapid-Scan DOW
  for March 2011
• Deployments in snow events in Boulder area
• Data training and Rapid-DOW orientation by CSWR
  scientists at NCSU
• Data sent by Fed-Ex to NCSU for T+48 hour access
Very ambitious
      (also pre-facility, so ~$0 budget)

2 DOWs for dual-Doppler
No CSWR support
Faculty (Richardson, Markowski,
   Verlinde) experienced with DOWs

Term 1: data collection
Term 2: dual-Doppler analysis
From BAMS article: “…used the DOW radars in the fall months of 2003 and 2004 to study a wide variety of phenomena, such
as the interaction of fronts and thunderstorms with ridges and valleys, terrain-induced atmospheric circulations, and phenomena
owing to atmospheric interactions with Lake Erie. The complex terrain of Pennsylvania can produce atmospheric circulations
capable of triggering thunderstorms, in addition to influencing already mature thunderstorms and their attendant severe weather.
Surface temperature roughness differences between Lake Erie and the land surface of Pennsylvania routinely affect small-scale
weather as well with “lake effect” snow bands being perhaps the most widely known of these lake-induced phenomena.”
    Careers In Science:
      EOL and CSWR
• Targeting minority colleges
• DOW visits colleges for 1 day each
• EOL and CSWR staff participate
• Talks on meteorology careers: technicians,
  planning, communications, engineers, scientists
• DOW demonstrations and talk by Wurman as a
  draw due to “chasing” appeal
• October 2010: Chicago area (also DC Sci/Eng Expo)
• March 2011: Mississippi, Alabama, area
 DOW demos
Classroom Talks/Discussions
Outreach at K-12 schools
(and DC Science/Engineering Expo)
               IMAX Outreach
                    March-April 2011

Proposed to have DOW do a tour of IMAX museums
  timed with opening of “Tornado Alley”, a film
  supported by NSF (ISE: Innovative Science Education)

VORTEX2 PI’s will attend many
of these openings, giving talks
and demonstrations
• Well used program getting NSF facility to
  smaller meteorology departments
• Opportunity to feature NSF facility and related
  careers at minority and small colleges
• Recommend: Mechanism for proposing more
  ambitious or “out of the box”
  educational/outreach uses of facilities such as

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