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					Driver’s Education


    Section IV
      Day 3
               Objectives
            DMVM – pages 22-29
               (Copy these)

»   Vehicle Operating Space
»   Reference Points
»   Communication with other drivers
»   Vehicle Control Devices
»   Good Driving Habits
»   Distracted Driving
                   Day 3
              Bell Ringer #3
3  paragraphs (5 sentences in each)
 Explain what may have happened in this picture.
  Give your report of the scene.
Topic 5 Lesson 1
                   Determining Vehicle Operating Space
                                  (Do not copy)



                                        Markers represent edge of
                                        sightlines




                                        Outline of pavement area around
                                        the car the driver cannot see from
                                        the driver’s seat



                       Forward
                                       Rectangles are the tire patches and
                                       asterisks represent the vehicle’s
                   *   *               forward and rear turning axis
                           Rear
                                                                     T – 2.33
Reference Points
(Do not copy)


   Knowing how to read where your
    vehicle is when stopping or parking
Topic 5 Lesson 2
                            Front Limitation
    Front Limitation           (Do Not Copy)

                       You will need to know where the front end of
                       your vehicle is when you are:
                          • AT INTERSECTIONS
                          • IN A STOPPING POSITION
                          • PARKING




                                         STOP LINE




                                                                  T – 2.37
Topic 5 Lesson 2
                   Front Limitation Reference Points
                             (Copy this slide)

   • To stop 3-6 inches from the line in front of your bumper,
     stop when your line of sight runs under the side view
     mirror reference point to the line in front of your vehicle.

   • Maintain a normal driving position when targeting your
     reference point and do not lean forward or sideways.

                                                                   Reference point

                                                         Line of sight
                                       Reference Point




                                                                         T – 2.39
Topic 5 Lesson 2
                        Rear Limitation
                          (Do Not Copy)


         You need to know where the rear of your
         vehicle is when you are:
                   • BACKING
                   • PARKING




                                                   T – 2.40
Topic 5 Lesson 2
                        Rear Limitation
                         (Copy this slide)


       To align the rear bumper three to six inches
       from a line or curb, you need to stop when the
       line or curb appears near the middle of the rear
       right window when looking over the right
       shoulder.




                                             Reference point


                                                    Reference point



                                                               T – 2.42
Communicating with other motorists
                 DMVM – page 28




• Lights
• VA law requires motorists to use headlights
  during inclement weather, night, or
  visibility being reduced to 500 ft.
• Must use headlights when wipers are used
  for bad weather.
• BE SEEN IN INCLEMENT WEATHER!
    Communicating with other motorists
                 DMVM – page 29




• Turn Signals
• Develop a good habit
• 3 or 4 seconds ahead of time
• Speed limit more than 35 MPH, signal at
  least 100 feet before turning point
• Speed limit less than 35 MPH, signal at
  least 50 feet in advance.
Hand Signals
  DMVM – page 29
Topic 4 Lesson 1
                                The Top Ten Errors
                                     (Do Not Copy)

                            that resulted in crashes involving teen
                            drivers are:

         1.        23.9%   not attending to the path of travel
                           (distractions – cell phone, sound system,
                           passengers, etc.)
         2.        13.7%   driving five or more mph too fast for
                           conditions
         3.        6.6%    driving too fast through a curve

         4.        6.3%    inadequate search at an intersection and
                           moving in front of cross traffic
         5.        6.1%    lack of attention at an intersection and
                           being struck by another driver
                                                                      T – 3.31
Topic 4 Lesson 1
                                The Top Ten Errors
                                    (Do Not Copy)

                           that resulted in crashes involving teen
                           drivers are:

                    6.   6.5%   improper evasive action—quick turn
                                not executed properly or braking
                                instead of steering
                    7.   3.9%   failed to maintain visual lead
                    8.   3.9%   failed to see action developing at
                                side of the roadway
                    9.   3.9%   following too closely

                   10.   3.3%   willfully taking right-of-way


                                                                     T – 3.32
Topic 4 Lesson 2
                            Developing Good Driving Habits
                                             (Copy this slide)


           • Preparing Driver and Vehicle
           • Smooth, Gradual Starts and Stops
           • Using Reference Points for Vehicle Placement    C+
           •       Getting Visual Targets before Movement
                   - Using a Vision Control, Motion Control,
                                                             A+
                     Targeting, and Steering Control Sequence
           • Visually Targeting the End of the Path of Travel as
             far as 15, 20, or 30 seconds from the Vehicle


                     Based on concepts from Mottola, F. R. (1999). Empower Yourself. p. 5

                                                                                            T – 3.33
Topic 4 Lesson 2
                             Developing Good Driving Habits
                                              (Copy this Slide)




          • Be Alert to Changes to the Line of Sight (LOS)
            or the Path of Travel (POT)
                                                            C+
          •        Adjust Speed and Lane Position to Increase
                                                            A+
                   Space to Front, Side, or Rear for Restricted
                   LOS-POT

          • When Approaching a Red Light, Adjust Speed
            to Time Your Arrival for a Green Light



                      Based on concepts from Mottola, F. R. (1999). Empower Yourself. p. 5

                                                                                             T – 3.34
Topic 4 Lesson 2
                           Developing Good Driving Habits
                                             (Do not Copy)


     • Prior to Intersection Entry, Check the Left,
       Front, and Right Zones or Areas
               - Check the area that can be viewed best first so that
                   more time can be focused on the obstructed area                     C+
     • Whenever Your Foot Goes to Brake or
       Accelerator, Check the Rear View Mirror                                         A+
     • Prior to Moving to the Left or Right, Check Side
       View Mirror and Mirror Blind Zone



                    Based on concepts from Mottola, F. R. (1999). Empower Yourself. p. 5

                                                                                           T – 3.35
Topic 4 Lesson 2
                             Developing Good Driving Habits
                                               (Do Not Copy)



     • Make it a goal to maintain a four-second following
       interval from the vehicle in front and to the rear.

                                                       C+
                   - This protects you from the unexpected actions
                     of other drivers to the front and rear.

     •     When stopped behind vehicle, leave space to A+
                                                       move
           around the vehicle in case of an emergency.

     • Reduce stress by being courteous rather than
       competitive while driving. Competitive drivers are
       not winners.


                      Based on concepts from Mottola, F. R. (1999). Empower Yourself. p. 5

                                                                                             T – 3.36
   Dangerous Driving Behaviors
                DMVM – page 29



Distracted Driving
Increased numbers, especially in young,
inexperienced drivers.
Passengers, phones, pets, radio, food, etc.
Crashes, sirens, etc.
Approx. 13% of all traffic crashes in VA, per
year, involve distracted drivers.
     End of Section 3

• Test on Day 4!!!

				
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