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					Council of Higher Education, Turkey
 QUALITY ASSURANCE STRUCTURE
 in HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM of
            TURKEY

                                 Muharrem Kaplan
                        Council of Higher Education
            EU & International Relations Department
Increase in Demand for Higher Education
 YEAR          APPLICANTS to the SSE
 1980            466.963
 2005          1.856.618
 2006          1.678.383
 2007          1.776.443
 2008          1.645.000
 2009          1.450.000 (Acc. 600.000)
Years - # Students Admitted to the Universities
Education System in Turkey
  Ministry of   • Pre-School (Before 7 Years)
   National     • Primary School (7-14)
  Education     • Secondary School (15-18)

     Student Selection Examination, SSE

  Council of    • Short Cycle and First Cycle
   Higher       • Second Cycle
  Education     • Third Cycle
Student Selection Examination - Preferences
        Weighted
    Cumulative Grade
     in High Schools
                                Total
                                 SSE
         Grade
                                Grade
    Accumulated from
     Questions of SSE
Higher Education System
Current Enrollment in HE         3.127.651




                       42.100 PhD

                           117.957 Ms

   959.209 Poly.      1.990.503 U.G.
Gender Dimension Faculty
41.000 Female & 57.500 Male 98.500 Uni. Teachers
CoHE Council of Higher Education
 No Ministry of Higher Education but CoHE
 Autonomous body
 Established in 1981
 The President, Prof. Yusuf Ziya Ozcan
 Members of the Council are independent professors
The Council of Higher Education
 composed of 21 members:
 1. The President of Turkey → Seven
   Members,
 2. The Council of Ministers → Seven
   Members,
 3. The Inter-University Board → Seven
   professors from among non-members of
   the Board.
Higher Education Institutions
                                    Non-Profit HEIs
  State HEIs
                                         WAQFs

   Universities and High                Non-profit foundation
      Tech Institutes                       universities
            94                                      45


      War & Police                        2-year Vocational &
       Academies                             Polytech. Sch.
             6                                       6


              Totally 151 Higher Education Institutions,
            These numbers can increase due to high demand
Universities-Student Population They Served %
Commission of Academic Assessment and Quality
Improvement, YODEK
2001 Turkey Bologna Process, European
Higher Education Area, EHEA


     2005 Commission established by CoHE


        Published Directives of AA & QI on the
        basis of QA Standarts & Principles in
        EHEA by ENQA (European Assoc. For
        QA)
Academic Assessment and Quality Improvement
                Processes



                                               Periodical
                                               Improvement and
                               Institutional
                                               Monitoring
                               Assessment
                                               Process
               Strategic       Process
               Planning
               Process
 Academic Assessment and
 Quality Improvement Process
 in HEIs
      THE SCHEME OF THE MAIN PROCESS OF ACADEMIC ASSESSMENT AND QUALITY IMPROVEMENT IN HE TURKEY

                                                                 HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION                             EXTERNAL
                                                                                                                         ASSESSMENT
                             The COMISSION              SENATE                      BOARD OF AAQI (ADEK)                 INSTITUTION
         CoHE                                                                                                              (MUDEK)
                                 of AAQI
                                (YODEK)
                                                                        External Assessment                                        

                           The Processes        STRATEGICAL PLAN
                               Strategic          and Vision
                                                                                      
                                                                                                         Institutional
The Directives on Academic      Planning           SWOT, Strategies
                                                                                                         Assessment
  Assessment and Quality       Assessment         Indicators/Aims                                                      Site Visits and
                                                                               Forming Team/s and        Assessment
   Improvement in HEIs         Periodical         Activities/Projects           Coordination                            Assessment
                                                                                                            Report
                               Monitoring &
                                Improvement
                                                   Resource Planning
                                                    and Improvement                                                          
                                                  


                                                                            Academic Assessment and     Improvement
                                Academic                Approval
                                                                           Quality Improvement Report     Proposals       Assessment
                             Assessment and
                                 Quality                                                                                 Reports
                             Improvement
The Strategic Plan of CoHE   Report of Higher
                                Education
                                                                                    
                                                                            Improvement Action Plans

                                                       Every Year                                                            5 Year
Experiences in Accreditation

 ABET → Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology ,
         USA based,
         4 universities used nearly 50 engineering programs,

 MUDEK → The Association of Academic Assessment and Quality
             Improvement for Eng. Departments,
           TURKEY based,
           2007 , 10 + universities 60 + engineering departments
 EUA →      European University Associations, Europe based
           Many Universities in Turkey are being accredited by
            EUA, CoHE is writting the support letter for them.
Performance Indicators of EUA and YODEK
 Some Indicators     =>

   Student/teacher ratio
   Tech. Staff/teacher ratio
   The material resources/student ratio
   Mechanism for the recognition of student participation
   Diversity of source of financing
   Survey (EUA) also SSE (TURKEY student preference)
   Foreign students number and ratio
   Scientific research and publications, etc.
Bologna Coordination Commissions BCC
 Every HEI has to establish its own BCC
 The head of BCC is vice-president/rector
 Responsible for implementation of Bologna Process in
  HEI.
 August 2009, CoHE gathered the data, based on more
  than 600 variables
 The variables have been analysed for monitoring and
  policy making
 According to the data collected, some of the challenges
  and tendencies observed as follows:
Some Challenges

 Lots of new universities who need infrastructure
 The work load of academicians is a lot
 Participation of other stakeholders, such as industrial
  sector and students is still below under expectations
 Some old and well established universities are fairly slow
  compare to new and flexible ones
 Academic Assessment and Quality Improvement Boards
  did not performed well in some universities
 In some universities only pilot observation
Strength of HE in TURKEY
 Departments in Science and Technology are eager in QA
 Increase in cooperation with industrial sector
 Participation of proffessors, as stakeholders, are very good
 QA process opened more places for HEIs far away from the
    eyes
   QA has pushing effect on established HEIs, competition
    between universities are increasing
   ABET experiences helped so much in QA of MUDEK
   Effect of sharply increasing number of ERASMUS students
    from Europe and to Europe is amazing
   There is no important resistance for QA system in HEIs as
    there was a little at the beginning
   Number of people who hold PhD is increasing
To Summarize
 According to the last data collected:
 Universities that have more flexible administration
  performed very well, because of easy adaptation and
 More student oriented universities are moving forward
  incredibly fast
 Well established old universities have disadvantages
  but they are benefitting from advantages of
  international students
•Thank You for Your Listening

                  By Muharrem Kaplan
                  Council of Higher Education
                  muharrem.kaplan@yok.gov.tr

				
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