Middle East? OR Near East?
OR Southwest Asia? OR….?
HERE IS THE WORLD…
…AND HERE IS NORTH AFRICA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA
Due to the location, it’s called the
Crossroads of Continents:
Europe, Africa, and Asia
SOME COUNTRIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST ARE:
AND THE UNITED ARAB
The Fertile Crescent
The Tigris & Euphrates
”Land Between the Two
Marsh Arabs, So.
Dust Storms Along the
Tigris-Euphrates Flood Plains
Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth
2,300’ below sea
The Hagia Sofia in Istanbul, Turkey. Built between 532 and 537 by the
Christian Emperor Justinian I as a Byzantine church, which it functioned
as for the next 900 years. In 1453, the Islamic-faithed Ottomans took over Constantinople (now Istanbul).
They wasted little time in converting the Hagia Sophia into a mosque. It served the Muslims for almost 500
years. The Ottomans painted over the Christian mosaics - and erected the four defining minarets we see
today. In 1934, Turkey changed the Hagia Sofia's status from mosque to museum and uncovered the
priceless Byzantine mosaics.
The Dome of the Rock
Jerusalem: This Muslim holy site was built on the
remains of the Temple of Solomon, a holy site for Jews
Located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Kaaba is the most
sacred site for Muslims. A Muslim must take the haj
(pilgrimage) to Mecca at least once in his/her life.
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher
Jerusalem: This church was built on the site where
Christians believe that Jesus Christ was crucified.
The Western Wall in Jerusalem:
Also known as the Wailing Wall
Other notable cultural landmarks:
A “Bazaar” is an open-air market,
usually in the center of a Middle
eastern town. This bazaar
specializes in woven Arabian
carpets- verrrrrrry popular!!!!
Bazaars are also called “suqs”
Cultural Landscapes are old….
Like the many walled cities around the Arab World…
Like the oil rigs around the Middle East
Jordan--A Fight Over
Mountain Ranges in Mid-East
Elburz Mts., Iran Zagros Mts., Iran
Lebanese Mts. Taurus Mts., Turkey
Wadis – Instant Springs
Breeding Areas of Desert Locusts
Swarms of Desert Locusts!
Israel Hit By Worst
Locust Plague Since
Complex at Giza!
“The Empty Quarter”
Desert Oases: Water at a Premium!
Fresh Groundwater Sources
The Middle East vs. the U. S.
Middle East: Climate Regions
Middle East: Population Density
The Middle East:
The Natural Resources of the
World Oil Reserves
Persian Gulf Oil Exports (2003)
Saudi Oil Fields & Refineries
Kuwait: An Island Floating on a Sea of Oil
Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers
The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the