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Middle East Powerpoint.ppt

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					Middle East? OR Near East?
OR Southwest Asia? OR….?
HERE IS THE WORLD…




…AND HERE IS NORTH AFRICA AND SOUTHWEST ASIA
    Due to the location, it’s called the
        Crossroads of Continents:
         Europe, Africa, and Asia
SOME COUNTRIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST ARE:



                                  AFGHANISTAN
         TURKEY



                  IRAQ   IRAN




             SAUDI
             ARABIA
                                  KUWAIT

                                         QATAR



ISRAEL
                         AND THE UNITED ARAB
                         EMIRATES (UAE)
The Fertile Crescent
                        The Tigris & Euphrates
                                  River System




    Mesopotamia:
”Land Between the Two
       Rivers”

                           Marsh Arabs, So.
                                 Iraq
Fertile Crescent
   Dust Storms Along the
Tigris-Euphrates Flood Plains
Dead Sea: Lowest Point on Earth
                    2,300’ below sea
                          level




              Highest
                Salt
              Content
               (33%)
               MINARETS

MOSQUES:
  places of
 worship for
  Muslims.     DOME
   Typical
features are
 domes and
  minarets
The Hagia Sofia in Istanbul, Turkey.                                     Built between 532 and 537 by the
Christian Emperor Justinian I as a Byzantine church, which it functioned
as for the next 900 years. In 1453, the Islamic-faithed Ottomans took over Constantinople (now Istanbul).
They wasted little time in converting the Hagia Sophia into a mosque. It served the Muslims for almost 500
years. The Ottomans painted over the Christian mosaics - and erected the four defining minarets we see
today. In 1934, Turkey changed the Hagia Sofia's status from mosque to museum and uncovered the
priceless Byzantine mosaics.
        The Dome of the Rock




                   http://www.sacredsites.com/1st30/domeof.html



Jerusalem: This Muslim holy site was built on the
remains of the Temple of Solomon, a holy site for Jews
                The Kaaba




                  http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~brvs/kaaba.html



Located in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the Kaaba is the most
sacred site for Muslims. A Muslim must take the haj
(pilgrimage) to Mecca at least once in his/her life.
 The Church of the Holy Sepulcher




               http://www.israel-mfa.gov.il/mfa/go-visual.asp?MFAJ01wh0




Jerusalem: This church was built on the site where
Christians believe that Jesus Christ was crucified.
The Western Wall in Jerusalem:
Also known as the Wailing Wall




                                                       http://www.sacredsites.com/1st30/domeof.html




  http://www.igc.apc.org/ddickerson/western-wall.gif
Part 2
Other notable cultural landmarks:

  A “Bazaar” is an open-air market,
  usually in the center of a Middle
  eastern town. This bazaar
  specializes in woven Arabian
  carpets- verrrrrrry popular!!!!




                 Bazaars are also called “suqs”
Cultural Landscapes are old….




   Like the many walled cities around the Arab World…
…and new




      Like the oil rigs around the Middle East
       The
  Jordan River
     System:

      Israel &
Jordan--A Fight Over
    Water Rights?
       Mountain Ranges in Mid-East




Elburz Mts., Iran         Zagros Mts., Iran




Lebanese Mts.             Taurus Mts., Turkey
Wadis – Instant Springs
Desert Bedouins
Breeding Areas of Desert Locusts
        Swarms of Desert Locusts!

                       Israel Hit By Worst
                      Locust Plague Since
                           the 1950s!




 Locusts Swarm
  the Pyramids
Complex at Giza!
Rub al-Khali:
“The Empty Quarter”
Desert Oases: Water at a Premium!
Fresh Groundwater Sources
Desalinization
        Plants
The Middle East vs. the U. S.
      Latitude Lines
Middle East: Climate Regions
Middle East: Population Density
The Middle East:
Natural Vegetation
The Natural Resources of the
       Middle East
World Oil Reserves
Persian Gulf Oil Exports (2003)
Saudi Oil Fields & Refineries
Kuwait:   An Island Floating on a Sea of Oil




                Kuwait
                 City
        Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers




The U. S. imports 30% of its oil needs from the
                 Middle East.

				
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