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Internet Searching StrategiesTechniques for Latin Teachers

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Internet Searching StrategiesTechniques for  Latin Teachers Powered By Docstoc
					    Internet Searching
Strategies/Techniques for
      Latin Teachers:
   A Guide to Finding What You
      Want on the Internet

  Presented by: Kate Lucia and Allan Collins
What is a “Search Engine”?
      ►   According to the American Heritage
          Dictionary, a search engine is:
          "1. a software program that searches
          a database and gathers and reports
          information that contains or is related
          to specified terms, 2. a website whose
          primary function is providing a search
          engine for gathering and reporting
          information available on the Internet
          or a portion of the
          Internet"
                            --http://www.bartleby.com
                  Meaning….
► Itis a computer program that matches your
  search terms to WebPages or documents that are
  available in the Internet.


► Examples:
       www.yahoo.com
       www.google.com
       www.altavista.com
       www.alltheweb.com
              Meta-Search Engines
►   Meta-search engines:               ►   In other words, a meta-search
    "In a meta-search engine, you          engine searches other search
    submit keywords in its search          engines for results for your
    box, and it transmits your             query.
    search simultaneously to several
    individual search engines and      ►   Examples:
    their databases of web                     www.ixquick.com
                                               www.metacrawler.com
    pages. Within a few seconds,               www.dogpile.com/info.dogpl/
    you get back several results
    from all the search engines             Links for more information about Meta-
    queried.”                                  Search Engines:
                                               http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/search/s
      --http://www.lib.berkeley.edu            earchint.html

                                               http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/search/
                                               moresearch.html
                     Keywords
► Keywords: According to the American Heritage
  Dictionary, a keyword is:
       "a descriptive word; a word used as a reference point
        for finding other words or information"
                             --http://www.bartleby.com

► In other words, they are the words that you want
  the search engine to look for in a document.
                               Strategies
►   Searching Strategies:

     When searching using a search engine or a meta-search engine, using
      keywords and search terms is the easiest way to search. Here are
      some strategies that will help you to be successful in your searching:

        ► Use the most obvious terms for your search. For example, if you want to find
          facts about Roman gods, use "Roman gods" as your search terms.
        ► Try not be too general. If you want to find facts about Roman gods, don't use
          "Romans" as your search terms. Add "gods" to make it specific enough.
        ► If you want very specific information, try the specific terms first. If you aren't
          successful, try making the search terms broader. For example, if "Roman
          dinners" isn't successful, try "Roman dining".
        ► If you don't get the results that you want, try a different search engine or meta-
          search engine. They don't all search the same sites and databases.
               Advanced Techniques,
       a.k.a. “Librarians’ Tricks of the Trade”
► When using search engines, use the “Advanced Search” feature to cut
         down on the number of “hits” that you get. (www.google.com,
         www.metacrawler.com)
►   If you want a picture or image, click on the “Images” tab to search
         pictures only (www.altavista.com)
►   Use “” to surround phrases so that the search engine searches for those
         exact phrases, otherwise the engine will search for the words
         individually
►   Most search engines have stop words like “a,an,the, and, or”. Use a
         + or – symbol to force the engine to include those words in your
         search.
►    Remember that search engines and meta-search engines search for
         keywords, not ideas. If the words you enter aren’t in the page/site
         you won’t get the results you want.
►    Play with several search engines to decide which one is best for you.
►    More search tips:
             http://www.sc.edu/beaufort/library/lesson7.html
                  A Closer Look…
► Hereis a closer look at some popular search
 engines:
     Google
     Yahoo
     Altavista
     Alltheweb
Foreign Language Teaching Sites/Resources

►   http://www.cortland.edu/flteach/flteach-res.html FL
    Teach: Foreign Language Teaching Forum from SUNY
    Cortland
►   http://www.fln.vcu.edu/ld/ld.html Instant Access: The
    Foreign Language Teacher’s Guide to Learning Disabilities
►   http://www.csun.edu/~hcedu013/eslsp.html Foreign
    Language Lesson Plans and Resources
►   http://www.education-world.com/foreign_lang/ Education
    World’s Foreign Language Center
►   http://www.educationworld.com/foreign_lang/classroom/s
    panish.shtml Education World’s Spanish Page
►   http://www.educationworld.com/foreign_lang/classroom/fr
    ench.shtml Education World’s French Page
    Foreign Language Teaching Sites/Resources
                  (continued…)
►   http://www.educationworld.com/foreign_lang/classroom/latin.shtml
    Education World’s Latin Page
►   http://www.educationindex.com/language/ Education Index’s
    Language Resources
►   http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/pages/listspanish.html Hot
    Internet Sites ¡en Español!
    An Internet Hotlist on Spanish Resources
►   http://aix1.uottawa.ca/~weinberg/french.html Ressources en français
    langue seconde
    Resources for Students and Teachers of French as a Second Language
►   http://7-12educators.about.com/cs/foreignfrench/index.htm French
    Language Resources (careful…lot’s of pop-ups!)
►   http://school.discovery.com/schrockguide/world/worldrw.html
    Discovery School.com’s Kathy Schrock Guide for Educators
►   http://www.academicinfo.net/lang.html Academic Info Foreign
    Language Study
    Foreign Language Teaching Sites/Resources
                (continued…again)
►   http://www.cal.org/ericcll/faqs/rgos/flint.html ERIC/CLL Resource
    Guides Online Internet Resources for Foreign Language Teachers by
    Kathleen Marcos, ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics
►   http://depts.washington.edu/trio/comp/reference/resources/foreign.sht
    ml TRIO ThinkQuest Reference: Foreign Language and Travel
►   http://www.eduhound.com/ EduHounds references for Latin
►   http://school.discovery.com/homeworkhelp/bjpinchbeck/bjforeign.html
    BJ Pinchbeck’s Homework Helper
►   http://www.ket.org/Education/IN/resources.html#forlang from
    Kentucky Educational Television
►   http://www.du.edu/issa/foreignlanguage.html University of Denver
                     The Invisible Web
►   The Invisible (Hidden) Web is comprised of sites,
    databases, clearinghouses, digital libraries, and other
    information that search engines don’t “see”

►   Some Invisible Web resources are:
     http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/InvisibleWeb.html
      Explanation of the invisible web and links to invisible web sites from Univ. of
      Berkeley
       http://www.invisible-web.net/
       http://lii.org/
       http://infomine.ucr.edu/
       http://www.profusion.com/
       http://www.completeplanet.com/
       http://library.rider.edu/scholarly/rlackie/Invisible/Inv_Web.html
              Invisible Web Databases (samples)
    Taken from http://library.rider.edu/scholarly/rlackie/Invisible/Inv_Web.html

►   AnimalSearch (http://animalsearch.net/) - Database for family-safe animal-related sites.

►   ERIC (http://www.askeric.org/) - AskERIC contains the free, Web-based version of the ERIC Database, the
    world's largest source of education information, with more than 1 million abstracts of documents and journal articles
    on education research and practice.

►   NatureServe Explorer (http://www.natureserve.org/explorer) - Authoritative conservation info. on 50,000+
    plants, animals, & ecological communities" in USA & Canada.

►   Nuclear Explosions Database (http://www.agso.gov.au/databases/20010926_4.jsp) - Australian
    Geological Survey Organisation database of nuclear explosions (location, time, & size) around the world since 1945.

►   On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/) - "Type
    in a series of numbers and this database will complete the sequence and provide the sequence name, along with its
    mathematical formula, structure, references, and links."

►   PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi) - PubMed provides access to over 12 million
    MEDLINE citations, including links to sites providing full text articles & related resources. You will also want to explore
    PubMed Central, an e-archive of full text articles in life sciences journal literature, offering unrestricted access to its
    contents.

►   FindArticles.com (http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/PI/index.jhtml) - FindArticles.com is a free, searchable
    Web archive of almost 500 published magazine and journal titles, 1998 to present. It provides "articles that can be
    read in their entirety and printed at no cost."
   Results: Points to Consider
► When   you get results from your search:
  Consider Precision v. Recall
    ►Recall is the amount of relevant documents out of all
     the possible documents
    ►Precision is the relevant documents in retrieved set
     out of all the documents in a retrieved set
    ►When recall is high, precision is low
    ►When precision is high, recall is low
    ►Decide which is more important for your search need
    ►Do you need a lot of information or a few highly
     relevant items?
  Results: More Considerations
► When   you get your results, also think about:
  Authority: Who wrote the site? What are their
   credentials? URL’s ending in .gov, .edu, .mil, .org tend
   to be more reliable than .com (you can even search that
   way on Google’s Advanced Search page Google )
  Remember that ANYONE can put information on the
   Internet! Be careful!
  Currency: How up-to-date is the information? Check to
   see if you can tell when the last time the site was
   updated.
               Conclusion
Information is easy to find on the Internet
  and World Wide Web if you know how to
  find it!

Try some of these tips and techniques and
  see what you can do!!!

				
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