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Internet Searching Strategies/Techniques for Latin Teachers: A Guide to Finding What You Want on the Internet Presented by: Kate Lucia and Allan Collins What is a “Search Engine”? ► According to the American Heritage Dictionary, a search engine is: "1. a software program that searches a database and gathers and reports information that contains or is related to specified terms, 2. a website whose primary function is providing a search engine for gathering and reporting information available on the Internet or a portion of the Internet" --http://www.bartleby.com Meaning…. ► Itis a computer program that matches your search terms to WebPages or documents that are available in the Internet. ► Examples: www.yahoo.com www.google.com www.altavista.com www.alltheweb.com Meta-Search Engines ► Meta-search engines: ► In other words, a meta-search "In a meta-search engine, you engine searches other search submit keywords in its search engines for results for your box, and it transmits your query. search simultaneously to several individual search engines and ► Examples: their databases of web www.ixquick.com www.metacrawler.com pages. Within a few seconds, www.dogpile.com/info.dogpl/ you get back several results from all the search engines Links for more information about Meta- queried.” Search Engines: http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/search/s --http://www.lib.berkeley.edu earchint.html http://ublib.buffalo.edu/libraries/search/ moresearch.html Keywords ► Keywords: According to the American Heritage Dictionary, a keyword is: "a descriptive word; a word used as a reference point for finding other words or information" --http://www.bartleby.com ► In other words, they are the words that you want the search engine to look for in a document. Strategies ► Searching Strategies: When searching using a search engine or a meta-search engine, using keywords and search terms is the easiest way to search. Here are some strategies that will help you to be successful in your searching: ► Use the most obvious terms for your search. For example, if you want to find facts about Roman gods, use "Roman gods" as your search terms. ► Try not be too general. If you want to find facts about Roman gods, don't use "Romans" as your search terms. Add "gods" to make it specific enough. ► If you want very specific information, try the specific terms first. If you aren't successful, try making the search terms broader. For example, if "Roman dinners" isn't successful, try "Roman dining". ► If you don't get the results that you want, try a different search engine or meta- search engine. They don't all search the same sites and databases. Advanced Techniques, a.k.a. “Librarians’ Tricks of the Trade” ► When using search engines, use the “Advanced Search” feature to cut down on the number of “hits” that you get. (www.google.com, www.metacrawler.com) ► If you want a picture or image, click on the “Images” tab to search pictures only (www.altavista.com) ► Use “” to surround phrases so that the search engine searches for those exact phrases, otherwise the engine will search for the words individually ► Most search engines have stop words like “a,an,the, and, or”. Use a + or – symbol to force the engine to include those words in your search. ► Remember that search engines and meta-search engines search for keywords, not ideas. If the words you enter aren’t in the page/site you won’t get the results you want. ► Play with several search engines to decide which one is best for you. ► More search tips: http://www.sc.edu/beaufort/library/lesson7.html A Closer Look… ► Hereis a closer look at some popular search engines: Google Yahoo Altavista Alltheweb Foreign Language Teaching Sites/Resources ► http://www.cortland.edu/flteach/flteach-res.html FL Teach: Foreign Language Teaching Forum from SUNY Cortland ► http://www.fln.vcu.edu/ld/ld.html Instant Access: The Foreign Language Teacher’s Guide to Learning Disabilities ► http://www.csun.edu/~hcedu013/eslsp.html Foreign Language Lesson Plans and Resources ► http://www.education-world.com/foreign_lang/ Education World’s Foreign Language Center ► http://www.educationworld.com/foreign_lang/classroom/s panish.shtml Education World’s Spanish Page ► http://www.educationworld.com/foreign_lang/classroom/fr ench.shtml Education World’s French Page Foreign Language Teaching Sites/Resources (continued…) ► http://www.educationworld.com/foreign_lang/classroom/latin.shtml Education World’s Latin Page ► http://www.educationindex.com/language/ Education Index’s Language Resources ► http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/fil/pages/listspanish.html Hot Internet Sites ¡en Español! An Internet Hotlist on Spanish Resources ► http://aix1.uottawa.ca/~weinberg/french.html Ressources en français langue seconde Resources for Students and Teachers of French as a Second Language ► http://7-12educators.about.com/cs/foreignfrench/index.htm French Language Resources (careful…lot’s of pop-ups!) ► http://school.discovery.com/schrockguide/world/worldrw.html Discovery School.com’s Kathy Schrock Guide for Educators ► http://www.academicinfo.net/lang.html Academic Info Foreign Language Study Foreign Language Teaching Sites/Resources (continued…again) ► http://www.cal.org/ericcll/faqs/rgos/flint.html ERIC/CLL Resource Guides Online Internet Resources for Foreign Language Teachers by Kathleen Marcos, ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics ► http://depts.washington.edu/trio/comp/reference/resources/foreign.sht ml TRIO ThinkQuest Reference: Foreign Language and Travel ► http://www.eduhound.com/ EduHounds references for Latin ► http://school.discovery.com/homeworkhelp/bjpinchbeck/bjforeign.html BJ Pinchbeck’s Homework Helper ► http://www.ket.org/Education/IN/resources.html#forlang from Kentucky Educational Television ► http://www.du.edu/issa/foreignlanguage.html University of Denver The Invisible Web ► The Invisible (Hidden) Web is comprised of sites, databases, clearinghouses, digital libraries, and other information that search engines don’t “see” ► Some Invisible Web resources are: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/TeachingLib/Guides/Internet/InvisibleWeb.html Explanation of the invisible web and links to invisible web sites from Univ. of Berkeley http://www.invisible-web.net/ http://lii.org/ http://infomine.ucr.edu/ http://www.profusion.com/ http://www.completeplanet.com/ http://library.rider.edu/scholarly/rlackie/Invisible/Inv_Web.html Invisible Web Databases (samples) Taken from http://library.rider.edu/scholarly/rlackie/Invisible/Inv_Web.html ► AnimalSearch (http://animalsearch.net/) - Database for family-safe animal-related sites. ► ERIC (http://www.askeric.org/) - AskERIC contains the free, Web-based version of the ERIC Database, the world's largest source of education information, with more than 1 million abstracts of documents and journal articles on education research and practice. ► NatureServe Explorer (http://www.natureserve.org/explorer) - Authoritative conservation info. on 50,000+ plants, animals, & ecological communities" in USA & Canada. ► Nuclear Explosions Database (http://www.agso.gov.au/databases/20010926_4.jsp) - Australian Geological Survey Organisation database of nuclear explosions (location, time, & size) around the world since 1945. ► On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/) - "Type in a series of numbers and this database will complete the sequence and provide the sequence name, along with its mathematical formula, structure, references, and links." ► PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi) - PubMed provides access to over 12 million MEDLINE citations, including links to sites providing full text articles & related resources. You will also want to explore PubMed Central, an e-archive of full text articles in life sciences journal literature, offering unrestricted access to its contents. ► FindArticles.com (http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/PI/index.jhtml) - FindArticles.com is a free, searchable Web archive of almost 500 published magazine and journal titles, 1998 to present. It provides "articles that can be read in their entirety and printed at no cost." Results: Points to Consider ► When you get results from your search: Consider Precision v. Recall ►Recall is the amount of relevant documents out of all the possible documents ►Precision is the relevant documents in retrieved set out of all the documents in a retrieved set ►When recall is high, precision is low ►When precision is high, recall is low ►Decide which is more important for your search need ►Do you need a lot of information or a few highly relevant items? Results: More Considerations ► When you get your results, also think about: Authority: Who wrote the site? What are their credentials? URL’s ending in .gov, .edu, .mil, .org tend to be more reliable than .com (you can even search that way on Google’s Advanced Search page Google ) Remember that ANYONE can put information on the Internet! Be careful! Currency: How up-to-date is the information? Check to see if you can tell when the last time the site was updated. Conclusion Information is easy to find on the Internet and World Wide Web if you know how to find it! Try some of these tips and techniques and see what you can do!!!
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