International by dffhrtcv3

VIEWS: 9 PAGES: 46

									   Analysis of the
International Markets
      for Tilapia
   Kevin Fitzsimmons, Ph.D.
     University of Arizona
    Tucson, Arizona, USA
               &
    Vice President, American Tilapia
               Association
  President Elect, US. Chapter of World
            Aquaculture Soc.
         Introduction

Tilapia are one of the most
important domesticated fish today.
Tilapia will be the single most
important aquaculture product in
the 21st Century
          Introduction

Today I will explain why I believe
that tilapia markets will continue to
expand
Where there may be problems in
supplies
Advances in production
Opportunities in world markets
Current Status of Tilapia Markets

 Production widely distributed
 around the world.
 Grows well in most production
 systems.
 Established market demand.
 Popular in several product forms.
Production widely distributed
     around the world.
FAO reports production in 85
countries.
East Asia, Indonesia, Latin
America, Caribbean, Middle East,
are primary tropical producers
Germany, Belgium, Spain, Canada,
Korea, Japan, most states in US
Production widely distributed
     around the world.
Wild catch being replaced by farm
raised
Used in many cuisine, hundreds of
recipes
Tilapia, boulti, pla nil, mojara, St.
Peters fish, freshwater snapper
   Grows well in most
   production systems
Ponds
Cages
Raceways, round tanks,
recirculating systems
Ranching (lake releases)
Freshwater, Brackish water,
Estuarine, and Marine
   Grows well in most
   production systems
Polyculture with shrimp, catfish,
carp
Herbivorous and /or omnivorous
Good growth in fertilized ponds
Many byproducts can be used in
tilapia feeds
Pond culture in the Philippines
           Ponds and cages

Farm pond in Brazil   Reservoir pond in Arizona
Cages in irrigation ditches
  Cages in Egypt
10 m2 cages near Alexandria
Cages in Irrigation Reservoirs
     100 m2 cages in Philippines
         Intensive ponds

                      Ponds in Arizona




Ponds in Costa Rica
          Intensive tanks

                      Tanks in Arizona




Tanks in California
      Intensive Raceway Systems

Raceways in Arizona




     Raceways in Mexico
Production directly in delivery
           ditches
Pond culture to cotton irrigation
Other benefits of Tilapia
Simple hatchery technology
Disease resistant
Grow well at high densities
Several color variants available
More “domesticated” than most
aquaculture crops
Established market demand
 Accepted in many national dishes
 Popular in many forms
 Live, Whole, fillets, fresh and
 frozen, smoked, sashimi
       Problem areas
Low fillet recovery rate
Slow growing females
Off-flavors
Advances and Solutions:
Low fillet recovery rate
Selective breeding programs
(GIFT, Israel, US)
Tilapia genome project
Transgenics - Growth hormones
Growth enhancers - Bovine
Somatotropins
Better processing equipment
Advances and Solutions:
 Slow growing females
Methyltestosterone for sex-reversal
Genetically male tilapia
All male hybrids
High density culture
O. niloticus with larger females
Advances and Solutions:
     Off-flavors

Depuration systems
Control of blue-green algae
Production in system with limited
access to benthic algae
Why tilapia market will surpass
 other species in importance.
Production constraints being
reduced, and costs decreasing
Markets are still expanding
Market prices holding
More training & experience of
growers, processors and marketers
Why tilapia markets will surpass
 other species in importance.
Ecologically sustainable
Popular with environmentalists
Consumption not restricted by
religious observances
Mild flavor preferred by many
consumers
Why tilapia markets will surpass
 other species in importance.
Carp: markets are limited
Salmonids and shrimps need high
levels of fish meal, limited
ingredients for diets
Most other species need higher
water quality, competition for sites
   Major Tilapia Producers

China - 150,000 metric tons / year
Philippines - 95,000 mt / year
Taiwan - 90,000 mt / year
Mexico - 90,000 mt / year
Indonesia - 50,000 mt / year
Thailand - 40,000 mt year
  Major Tilapia Products in
    International Trade
China - whole frozen, IQF fillets
Philippines - all domestic
Taiwan - whole & IQF, sashimi
Mexico - all domestic
Indonesia - IQF fillets
Thailand - IQF fillets
 Estimated cost of production

China - $1.00 / kg
Philippines - $1.10 / kg
Taiwan - $1.50 / kg
Mexico - $1.30 / kg
Indonesia - $1.20 / kg
Thailand - $1.30 / kg
     International markets
China has taken a large % of Taiwan
share
China has growing domestic demand
Honduras has rapid expansion
Colombia, Cuba, Brazil and Mexico
are supplying strong domestic markets
Prices on international markets will not
increase from present levels.
     International markets
Ecuador has passed Costa Rica as
supplier of fillets to US
Ecuador integrating with shrimp
production
Colombia, Thailand and Mexico were
exporters to US, but exports levels
decreased while production increased
Philippines is big producer, a few
exports to Japan
Tilapia in the Americas
                           US. Tilapia imports 1993-2000
                                             Sources of imported tilapia to US

                       70000

                                                                                               others
                       60000
                                                                                               Thailand
(LWE in metric tons)




                       50000                                                                   Indonesia
                                                                                               Colombia
                       40000                                                                   China
                                                                                               Mexico
                       30000
                                                                                               Jamaica
                       20000                                                                   Ecuador
                                                                                               Costa Rica
                       10000
                                                                                               Taiwan

                          0
                               1993   1994   1995    1996      1997     1998     1999   2000
Source of US Tilapia supply
    2000 (by volume)
           2000 US Tilapia Supply



               HONDURAS US
                  5%    12%
                               OTHER
      TAIWAN                    4%
       28%

                                CHINA
   INDONESIA                     24%
      3%                      JAMAICA
       ECUADOR                  1%
         13%             COSTA RICA
                            10%
                       Tilapia aquaculture in Ecuador
                                         TILAPIA PRODUCTION IN ECUADOR


                  12,000


                  10,000
Production (mt)




                   8,000


                   6,000

                   4,000


                   2,000

                      0
                           1990   1991   1992   1993   1994   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000
                                                                                                 est.
                                                              Year
Ecuador in International Market

Replacing shrimp because of white
spot disease
Using shrimp infrastructure
Exporting to US and EU
Will they revert to shrimp if
disease is controlled?
                      Tilapia aquaculture in Colombia
                                  TILAPIA PRODUCTION IN COLOMBIA


                  20,000

                  18,000
                  16,000

                  14,000
Production (mt)




                  12,000

                  10,000
                   8,000

                   6,000
                   4,000

                   2,000
                      0
                           1994    1995       1996          1997   1998   2000 est.
                                                     Year
Colombia in International Market

 Before 1980 had strong domestic
 market
 Developed export trade to US
 Domestic market has grown so
 strong that exports have ended
 Colombia imports tilapia from
 Venezuela and Ecuador
   International market
         changes
Increasing domestic consumption
in producing countries especially
Colombia, Brazil, Mexico, C.R.
Philippines & China more exports
EU is developing demand
Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Kenya, other
countries of Africa will supply EU
 Current International Market
            Trends
Increase in demand for all forms of
tilapia
Demand increase will be greatest
for fresh fillets
Prices have been constant for
several years and will remain
stable, will not increase with
inflation.
 Current International Market
            Trends
US and EU growers will
concentrate on live sales and
highly processed forms
Southeast Asia and Latin America
will be primary US suppliers
Africa, Latin America and
Caribbean will supply EU
       New product forms



Smoked tilapia   Sashimi grade tilapia
Carbon monoxide debate
CO used to preserve fillets
Maintains “fresh appearance”
Still under review as treatment
May improve shelf life, reduce
bacteria
May have to report as treated with
a preservative
   Marketing goals for
Peruvian Tilapia producers
Increase domestic demand
Process in Peru (lower costs, value
added, higher returns)
Provide variety to local markets
Maintain environmental awareness
Market tilapia as ecologically
efficient and sustainable
   Marketing goals for
Peruvian Tilapia producers
Use seafood restaurants for product
introductions
Grocery stores and seafood stores
Use story of Christ and the Miracle
Compete with chicken, beef, pork
as well as other fish

								
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