INCENTIVES

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INCENTIVES Powered By Docstoc
					Foreign
 Labor
  Pumpkin,
   Claire,
  Michelle,
   Shana,
   Kevin,
   Nancy
                Introduction
• Not only south-east Asian blue-collar
  workers
• Compared to the white-collar, the blue-
  collar is Institutionally discriminated
        not protected by 勞基法

• Better to call “migrant worker” (移工)
Reasons to usher in the
migrant workers:
1. “Supplement” inadequate domestic
   workers

2. Expansion of higher education

3. Changes of work values
Employer apply for
                     Employer signs
     official
                      with agency
  qualification




     Interview        Foreign agency
                        advertise to
                      attract workers



      Workers         Come to
      apply for
                      Taiwan
        exit
Category       Qualified applicant

Factory        Special production process:
Worker                        dirty, labor-taking, dangerous
               Special work time:
                               10:00 p.m.~ 6:00 a.m.

Construction   Total budget of civil or national construction over one million NT,
Worker         construction period over 1 years and 6 months.


Caretaker      1. Certificate of diagnosis by hospital especially for applying
                  foreign caretaker: Barthel Index (巴氏量表) below 35
               2. Sever Disability Handbook


Domestic       1. Having triplet or multiple births under 3 years old
Helper
               2. the same household register, Over 16 points
The Barthel Index consists of 10 items that measure a person's daily
   functioning specifically the activities of daily living and mobility.
 Patient Name: __________________ Rater: ____________________ Date:          /   /           :
                                    Activity                                             Score
 Feeding
 0 = unable
                                                                                     0           5       10
 5 = needs help cutting, spreading butter, etc., or requires modified diet
 10 = independent
 Bathing
 0 = dependent                                                                           0           5
 5 = independent (or in shower)

 Grooming
 0 = needs to help with personal care                                                    0           5
 5 = independent face/hair/teeth/shaving (implements provided)

 Dressing
 0 = dependent
                                                                                     0           5       10
 5 = needs help but can do about half unaided
 10 = independent (including buttons, zips, laces, etc.)

 Bowels
 0 = incontinent (or needs to be given enemas)
                                                                                     0           5       10
 5 = occasional accident
 10 = continent
 監護工
 雇 主     基本薪資      健保費   就業安定費    基本負擔     加班費      總薪資
                                            2,112
 金 額  15,840 911   2,000 18,751            (4 天 )   20,863
 廠勞/營造工
 雇 主 基本薪資 健保費 勞保費(職災) 就業安定費 基本負擔                    加班費
                    786
                  職災依
 金 額  17,280 911 產業類別不同 2,000   20,977              96元/時
 家庭幫傭
 雇   主   基本薪資      健保費   就業安定費    基本負擔     加班費      總薪資
                                            2,112
 金 額 15,840        911    5,000   21,751   (4 天 )   23,863
 安養機構看護工
 雇 主 基本薪資          健保費 勞保費(職災) 就業安定費 基本負擔           加班費
                           786
                         職災0.08%
 金   額    17,280    911 依勞保局規定 2,000 20,977         96元/時
 外勞須負擔
項     目   金            額
健 保 費     $ 236
勞 保 費     $ 225 (安養機構看護工與產業勞工才需付擔)
體 檢 費     $ 1,500-2,800 (依照醫院規定收費)
居留證展延費    2年 $ 1,000(第三年展延+$1,000)
THE INCENTIVES
1. High wages
2. Ambitious expectation
3. New life
               High Wages
• Low-developed countries :
           Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippine…etc.
• Few opportunity to find a job
• A job with poor salary
• The massive difference in
  different currency.
   Indonesian Rupiah (IDR) and New Taiwan
     Dollars (NTD) currency exchange rate

• The Indonesian Rupiah is the currency in Indonesia (ID,
  IDN). The symbol for IDR can be written Rp.



• 1.0 TWD = 285.714285714 IDR
• 300 IDR = 1.05 TWD
   Vietnamese đồng and New Taiwan Dollars
         (NTD) currency exchange rate

• The đồng is the currency of Vietnam.

• 100.0 VND = 0.1683 TWD
• 1.0 TWD = 594.125574 VND
       Ambitious Expectation
• Great Ambition.
• Working abroad as a glory.
• A sense of achievement.


          New Life
 •Miserable lives in original countries.
 •Look forward to the developed and high-civilized society.
 •Get rid off the local burdens and limitations.
 The
Agency
System
                  Quota
• Maximum control:
        3 native labors1 foreign labor
• Not allow to change employer at will
• Employment Services Act:
  if the employer deceased, he/she can
  transfer to work for new employer within 2
  months; otherwise, he/she should be
  repatriated.
                Problems
• Agents:
  rather repatriate the foreign worker to get
  new quota and earn the agency fee
• Case:
  Ask the foreign labor to run errands
  notify the police of “escape”
  the foreign labor being caught,
  repatriated
  the agent apply for new quota
Exploitation
              Agency Fee
• Council of Labor Affairs: no more than the
  foreign labor’s base pay (15,840)
• Illegal agency: range from90,000~200,000
• Deduct from the foreign labor’s payment
  directly (usually include some
  excessive/illegal charge)
• Also need to pay for native country's
  agency
     How Much do They Get?
• 3 years’ income: around 750,000 = base pay
  15,840/month + overtime 88~132/hr + incentive pay
  1,000~2,000/month + average pay 21,000/month
• 3 years’ expense: around 450,000 = agency fee
  120,000 + administrative expenses 60,000 + health
  checkup 9,000 + residence permit charge 3,000 + board
  and lodging 108,000 + labor/health insurance 14,040 +
  air ticket per year 24,000 + forced savings 108,000+
  living expenses 36,000
• After working for 3 years:


• 750,000 – 450,000 =     300,000
In Reality…
• Insufficient payment
• Improper deduction by agent
• Without basic labor/health insurance
• Without deserved rest/holiday
• Residence permit/passport/cell phone
  are detained by agent
• Example: Joseph’s story
                      Conclusion
• Unreasonable high agency fee
• Forbid to change employer at will
• Inhuman management/exploitation
the main reason that cause
  foreign labors to run away

   A foreign labor who worked as a fisherman,
   trying to escape from the mean agent but
   fall from the third floor, seriously injured. 
 Discrimination
• Three Indonesian Muslim workers
  forced to eat pork in Taiwan –AP,10
  May 2010
• Abuse case shows lack of
  knowledge of Muslim culture:
  Arab officials -CAN,22 May 2010
Muslim migrant workers rally for their religious rights
Discrimination
• Employer asks Muslim migrant labor to
  fill out a guarantee before they work:
• Able to eat pork
• Able to take care of dogs
• Not to perform salat
   Maltreatment
• Work more than 18 hours
  a day
• Be imprisoned to prevent
  from running away
• Take care of employer’s life after work
1 9 5 5
• Four languages:
     Thai, Vietnamese, Filipino and Indonesian

• To help migrant labor out for
  discrimination and maltreatment
• Cases are handled by local government
     Not Efficient
Employer’s
 Stances
             Native vs. Foreign
• Native labors don’t take the 3D jobs.
  (3D: Dirty, Difficult, Dangerous)
Native vs. Foreign (Domestic Labor)
            Native labor        Foreign labor
Monthly     12 hrs/day 30,000   Basic 15840
Salary      24 hrs/day          + overtime (Sundays)
            50,000-60,000       2112
                                + other ≒ 20,000
Communic The same               Unfamiliar languages +
ation    language(s)            English or a little
                                Mandarin.
Ask for     More likely         Less likely
leave
Lifestyle   Mostly similar      With cultural and
                                religious differences
Working     More egocentric     More obedient
attitude
  Woman and Domestic Labor
• The traditional pressure of housekeeping
• The outsourcing chain of domestic labor
                Taiwan woman (richer)
                        ↓hire
               Philippine woman (normal)
                        ↓hire
              Philippine woman (poorer)
     Concerns
• Runaway
• Crime
• Self-identification
  (e.g. cultural or racial
   superiority, good mothers and good wives)
The Story of Culture:
  to be, or not to be
   a Taiwanese
Background
insufficient working
   opportunities
 better working condition
  higher salary
Official Activities— Songkran Festival




Songkran Festival in Chung-Ho
Business Exchange Market
    Philippine Street




                        Burban Street



Thai Street
                  Religion
ST. Christoph Church on Chung-Shan North Road




The mosque on Hsin-Sheng South Road
Cuisines—Thai food
Cuisine—Vietnamese Food
Cuisine—Burman Food
Cuisine—Indonesian Food
    POPO-
 CHIACHIA—
Malaysian Food
                Discussion
• 1. How do you view the trend of foreign brides?

• 2. Is there any foreign bride live close to your
  neighborhood? How do you feel about them?

• 3. After listening to our presentation, what do
  you think that we can do to improve this
  situation?
4. Talk about your impression or experience about
foreign labor in Taiwan.
5. After you graduate, you get married and have to go to
work. You need a domestic helper to take care of your
housework and kids. Would you prefer hiring a native
worker or a foreign worker? Why?
6. Do you think that the foreign labors influence the
unemployment rate in Taiwan?
7. Imagine someday you cannot find a job in Taiwan,
and you heard there is plenty of domestic helper jobs in
Mainland China or Japan . How high should the salary
be for you to accept the job?
• Grade your group:
• Group leaders give a grade to each of
  your group members at the end of the day.
• Rules:
• Grade on a bell curve
• Only 1 person can get an A
• One person must get below a B

				
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posted:7/1/2012
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