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GROUP DISCUSSION

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					GROUP




        DISCUSSIONS
       GROUP DISCUSSION

   As in a football game, where you play like a
 team, passing the ball to each team member
and aim for a common goal, GD is also based
on team work, incorporating views of different
   team members to reach a common goal.


Thinking power, Verbal facility,
 Individuality, Leadership skills
THE OBSERVER NOTES :

 • General awareness

     • grasp of the subject
     • range of ideas
     • logic and quality of views
     • breadth of outlook
    • Power of expression
          • ability to put forth views with
            logic and command over
            language


•   Social adaptability
     •   ability to draw appreciation
     •   understanding other’s point of view
     •   accepting criticism gracefully
     •   not monopolizing the discussion
 • Impact on the group

          •   intelligent coordination of the
              views of others [convinces the
              group]


• Participation

      •   the quality and extent of
          participation
TYPES OF GD’S

• Normal – a topic is given by the
  co-ordinator

• Case study – a printed case study
  is given

• Role play – a situation is described
 SELECTING A TOPIC

• General : all members should be
  able to speak
• Interesting : motivates everyone

• Topical : relevant to today’s situation
• Possible :   at least two points of
  views to discuss emerge
 CHOOSING A LEADER
• One possible approach:
   • the group discusses the role of a leader
   • the qualities of a leader are highlighted
   • interested participants convince the others
   • the group selects the most appropriate candidate

• Avoid random voting and
  arbitrary methods
 ROLE OF THE LEADER
• Initiate the discussion

• Ensure that the GD is
  proceeding in the right direction
• Contribute by bringing up a new
  relevant aspect so as to add
  value to discussion

• Encourage group participation
• Maintain decorum during the
  discussion

• Summarize and conclude if
  possible

• Avoid falling into the trap of
  leader being just a scrutinizer
 BEGINNING A GD

• Beginning can put you into
  jeopardy or command
• The opening speaker gets the
  maximum uninterrupted time
• The dangers…
    • may be marked as a person who
     speaks without thinking
    • may also be marked as a person
     who leads the group in the wrong
     direction
• Therefore….
  • Speak only if you have enough
    sensible things to say

 CONCLUDING A GD
• Summarize the discussion at
  the end
• Accommodate dissenting viewpoints
• Do not force a consensus. It
  will backfire you
PROBLEMS YOU COULD HAVE

•   Dominant individuals
•   Passive and shy individuals
•   Losing the Plot
•   Personalizing Disagreements
•   False or Controversial Information
POSITIVE MAINTAINANCE ROLES
* Social Supporter: 'We're coming up with some good
  ideas here.‘

* Harmoniser: 'Jane and Tsen have looked at the issue
  from opposing points of view. Let's see if we can
  take something from both points of view.‘

• Tension Reliever: 'This is a valid angle on the
  issue.' discussion's really dynamic. It's good that we
  have so many different viewpionts
 POSITIVE MAINTAINANCE ROLES
* Energiser: 'Hey, the point that Ahmed made has
  really got me thinking. Let's explore his idea some
  more.‘

• Compromiser: 'Half the group supports Jane's view
  and half supports Tsen's. Now we need to formulate
  a compromise that we can all live with.‘

* Gatekeeper: 'How do you feel about the issue, Greg?
   Your contribution here would be really valuable.'
     POSITIVE TASK ROLES
  * Initiator: 'Let's take a local perspective on
environmental responsibility. Maybe a fast-food
outlet?‘

  * Information seeker: 'Does anyone know what
hospitals does with its garbage? Does it recycle?‘

  * Information giver: They won a local government
award last year for running an environmentally friendly
operation.'

   * Procedure facilitator: 'I'll write this down to keep
track of our discussion.'
   POSITIVE TASK ROLES [contd.]
  * Opinion seeker: 'Do you think they're really
responsible or is it just a bit of good PR?’

  * Opinion giver: 'I think it's a combination of the two,
but at least they're taking the issue seriously.’

   * Clarifier: 'We need to get hold of xyz annual report
to get a better picture of what they're doing.’

  * Summariser: 'O.K. We're taking a local perspective,
using … as our example, and we'll have a look at last
year's annual report to see in what way they practiced
environmental responsibility.'
ROLES TO BE AVOIDED

• Disgruntled non-participant

• Attacker

• Dominator

• Clown
HOW TO JUMP IN A GD?

• Keep an eye on the intensity
  • wait for the lows and time the
    interjection in


• Jump only when the speaker has
  finished making his point
   • don’t wait too long or you will
     lose the opportunity
• Jump in an agreeable manner
   • start by supporting a point that
     has just been made


• Jump by raising your voice
   • be as loud as the situation
     demands
   • combine it with other tools
   • use it as the last resort
 DO’S
• Be determined to do well
• Listen carefully to the instruction of
  the panel
• Lend ears to others who make
  genuine contribution
• KISS! Keep it short and sweet
• Always add value to discussion
• Intervene positively to put GD on
  track
• Conclude periodically
• Adhere to the principles of politeness
• Substantiate and give reasons for your
  contentions
• Give facts and figures but don’t overdo it
• Have a clear-cut view
• Be deliberate and slow in delivering
  your points
• Be assertive not aggressive
• Make eye contact while speaking
• Be sincere
DON’TS
• Interrupt unnecessarily
• Try to monopolize the GD
• Adapt a negative stance
• Speak loudly
• Address the panel
• Flay your hands
• Speak in turns
DON’TS [contd.]

• Talk too fast
• Be too conscious of your body
  language

• Over praise people

• Adapt a casual look

• Get excited
 HOW TO RUIN YOUR GD ?
• Start shouting right from the
  beginning
• Make aggressive and threatening
  gestures [a fist can be helpful]
• Keep changing your stand
  continuously
• Always contradict what others have
  to say
• Maintain a sardonic smile on your
  face
• Ask other members of the group to
  shut up

• Use your pet slangs

• Laugh loudly and heartily

• Point out the errors of others and
  make fun of them

• Keep yawning from time to time.
  Maintain a blank look on your face

				
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posted:7/1/2012
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